Skip to main content

Full text of "Collections"

See other formats



Ser.3 ,v,10 



3 1833 01101 0359 





Digitized by the Internet Archive 
in 2013 






VOL. X. 



18 19. 










The Winthrop Papers 1 

More Gleanings for New England History, by James Savage . 127 

Suffolk Emigrants, by Joseph Hunter ..... 147 

Lion Gardiner 173 

Memoir of Hon. John Davis, LL. D., by Convers Francis . . 186 

Memoir of Hon. John Pickering, LL. D., by William H. Prcscott 201 

Memoir of William Lincoln, by Joseph Willard . . . 225 

Resident Members 236 

General Table of Contents of the Ten Volumes of the Third Series, 

methodically arranged ....... 237 

Index of Authors 244 

A Chronological Table of the Most Remarkable Events recorded 

in the- Ten Volumes 248 

General Index to the Ten Volumes of the Third Series . . 265 

Officers of the Society 358 

Resident Members . . . . . . . . . 3 59 













Roger Williams to John Winthrop, Jr. 

For my much honored kind friend M r John Winthrop at 

Providence July 12. 54 (so call'd). 

Sir, I was humbly bold to salute you from our native 
countrey and now by the gracious hand of the Lord once 
more saluting this wildernes I crave your wonted Patience 
to my wonted Boldnes, who ever honored and loved and 
ever shall the Roote and Branches of youre cleare name. 
How joy full therefore was I to heare of youre abode as a 
Stake and Pillar in these parts and of youre healths, youre 
owne, M r3 Winthrop and youre branches, although some sad 
mixtures we have had from the sad tidings (if true) of youre 
late losse and cutting off of one of them. 

Sir, I was lately upon the wing to have waited on you at 
youre house: I had disposed all for my journey, and my 
staff was in my hand, but it pleased the Lord to interpose 
some impediments, so that I am compelled to a suspension 
for a season and choose at present thus to visit you. I had 
no letters for you : but yours were well. I was at the lodg- 
ings of Major Winthrop and M r Peters, but I mist them : 
Youre brother flourisheth in good esteeme, and is eminent for 
maintaining the Freedome of the Conscience as to matters 

VOL. x. l 

2 The Winthrop Papers, 

of Beliefe, Religion and Worship. Youre Father Peters, 
preacheth the same Doctrine though not so zealously as 
some yeares since yet cries out against New English Rigid- 
ities and Persecutions ; their civil injuries and wrongs to 
himselfe, and their unchristian dealing with him in excom- 
municating his distracted wife : All this he tould me in his 
lodgings at Whitehall, those lodgings which I was tould 
were Canterburies, but he himselfe tould me that that Li- 
brary, wherein we were together, was Canterburies and 
given him by the Parliament : His wife lives from him not 
wholy but much distracted. He tells me he had but 200 
a yeare, and he allowed her 4 score per annum of it : Surely 
Sir the most holy Lord is most wise in all the trialls he exer- 
ciseth his people with. He tould me that his affliction from 
his wife stird him up to Action abroad, and when successe 
tempted him to Pride, the Bitternes in his bozome comforts 
was a Cooler and a Bridle to him. 

Surely Sir youre Father and all the people of God in 
England, formerly called Puritcmus Jlnglicanus, of late 
Roundheads, now the Sectarians (as more or lesse cut of 
from the Parishes) they are now in the sadle and at the 
helme, so high that non datur descensus nisi cadendo : 
Some cheere up their spirits with the impossibilitie of an- 
other fall or turne, so doth Major G. Harrison (and M r Feake 
and M r John Simson now in Winsor Castle for preaching 
against this last change and against the Protectour as an 
Usurper Richard 3. &c : So did many thinck of the last 
Parliament who were of the vote of 56 against Priests and 
Tithes, opposite to the vote of the 54 who were for them 
at least for a while : Major G. Harrison was the 2 d in the 
nation of late when the Lord Gen 1 and himselfe joined against 
the former long Parliament and dissolved them : but now 
being the head of the 56 Partie he was confined by the 
Protector and Councell within 5 mile of his Fathers house 
in Staffordshire : That sentence he not obeying he tould 
me (the day before my leaving London) he was to be sent 
prisoner into Harfordshire : Surely Sir he is a very gallant 
most deserving heavenly man, but most high flowne for the 
Kingdome of the Saints, and the 5 lh Monarchic now risen, 
and their sun never to set againe &x. Others as to my 
knowledge the Protector : Lord President Lawrence and 

The I Tui thro p Papers. \*> 

others at hclme, with Sir Henry Vane (retired into Lincoln- 
shire yet davlv mist and courted for his assistance,) they are 
not so full of that faith of miracles, but still imagine changes 
and persecutions and the very slaughter of the witnesses 
before that glorious morning so much desired of a worldly 
kingdome, if ever such a kingdome (as literally it is by so 
many expounded) be to arise in this present world and dis- 
pensation. Sir I know not how far youre judgment hath 
concur" d with the designe against the Dutch. I must ac- 
knowledge my mourning for it, and when I heard of it at 
Portsmouth, I confesse I wrote letters to the Protector and 
President from thence as against a most uningenuous and 
unchristian designe at such a time w T hen the world stood 
gazing at the so famous treatie for Peace, which was then 
between the 2 states and neere finished when we set saile : 
Much I can tell you of the answ T ere I had from Court and 
I thinck of the answers I had from heaven viz : that the 
Lord would graciously retard us untill the tidings of Peace 
might (from England) quench the fire in the kindling of it. 
Sir I mourne that any of our parts were so madly inju- 
rious to trouble yours : I pitie poore Sabando : I yet have 
hopes in God that we shall be more loving and peaceable 
neighbours. I had word from the Lord President to Ports- 
mouth that the Councell had past 3 letters as to our busi- 
ness. First to incourage us : 2 to our neighboure colonies 
not to molest us : 3 in exposition of that word Dominion in 
the late frame of the Government of England viz : that lib- 
ertie of conscience should be maintained in all American 
Plantations &c. Sir a great man in America tould me that 
he thought New England would not beare it : I hope bet- 
ter and that not only the Necessitie but the Equitie Pietie 
and Christianitie of that freedome will more and more shine 
forth : not to licentiousnes (as all mercies are apt to be 
abused) but to the beautie of Christianitie and the lustre of 
true faith in God and love to poore mankind &c. 

Sir I have desires of keeping home. T have long had 
scruples of selling the Natives ought but what may bring or 
tend to civilizing : I therefore neither brought nor shall sell 
them loose coats nor breeches : It pleased the Lord to call 
me for some time and with some persons to practice the 
Hebrew, the Greeke, Latine, French and Dutch : The 

4 The Winthrop Papers. 

Secretarie of the Councell, (M r Milton) for my Dutch I read 
him, read me many more Languages : Grammar rules be- 
gin to be esteemd a Tyrannie. I taught 2 young Gentle- 
men a Parliament mans sons (as we teach our children 
English) by words phrazes and constant talke &,c. I have 
begun with mine owne 3 boys (who laboure besides) oth- 
ers are coming to me : Sir I shall rejoice to receave a word 
of youre healths — of the Indian wars, and to be ever youres 

R. W. 
Sir I pray seale and send the inclosed. 


Roger Williams to John Winthrop, Jr. 

For his much honored kind friend M r Winthrop at Pequt 
— these. 

Providence 9. 8. 54 (so calld). 
Sir I was lately sadded to heare of some barbarous deal- 
ing to youre prejudice on youre Hand : I am againe sadded 
with the tidings of weakenes in youre Family, and I hope 
you are sadded with me at this Fire which now is kindling, 
the fire of Gods wrath and jealousie, which if God gra- 
ciously quench not, may burne to the foundacions both of 
Indians and English together. I have (upon the first sound 
of this Fire) presented considerations to the General Court 
of Massachusets Major Willyard tells me, he saw them not 
(the Court not yet setting) therefore I have presented him 
with a copie of them, which (upon opportunitie and desire) 
I presume you may command the sight of: I have therein 
had occasion to mencion youre Precious Peacemaking 
Father : Sir some of the souldiers said here that tis true 
the Narigansetts had yet killd no English but they had 
killd 200 of M r Winthrops goats, and that it was read in 
Boston meeting house that M r Winthrop was robd and un- 
done and flying from the place unles succour were sent him : 
I hope to heare otherwise, and that notwithstanding any 
private losse, yet that noble spirit of youre Father still lives 
in you and will still worck (if possible) to quench this de- 

The Winthrop Papers. 5 

routing fire in the kindling: I am not yet without hopes 
but it may please the God of Peace and Father of mercies 
to create peace for us, and by this flame to inflame our 

hearts more with love to him and felicities in him which 
neither sword nor (amine nor pestilence can take from us, 
which (however otherwise he deale with us) will abundant- 
ly compensate all their shakings below though (seemingly 
great and fundamental] to us: Sir with my cordiall respects 
to you both — I am vourse in all service of Love unfained 

R. W. 


Sir Kcnclme Digby to John Winthrop, Jr. 

To my honored frind John Wintrop Esq r In new Eng- 

Most honored Sir, 

Meeting w lh so good a meanes of writing to you as by 
the fauourable conueyance of M r Downing, I would not 
lett it escape me without saluting you, to reuiue me in y r re- 
membrance, and to wittnesse to you that j retaine faithfully 
the respects j haue euer had for you since j haue had the 
happinesse to be acquainted w lh y r great worth. I hoped 
that att my coming into England, j should haue had the 
comfort of finding you here : w ch j assure you would haue 
swelled in a very high measure all the other blessinges that 
God Almighty hath welcomed me home withall. I hope it 
will not be long before this Hand, y r natiue country, do 
enioy y r much desired presence. I pray for it hartily. 
And j am confident that y r great iudgem 1 and noble desire 
of doing the most good to mankinde that you may (w (h is 
the high principle that ought to gouerne our outward ac- 
tions) will prompt you to make as much hast hither as you 
can. Where you are, is too scanty a stage for you to re- 
maine too long vpon. It was a well chosen one, when there 
were inconueniencies for y r fixing vpon this. But now that 
all is here as you could wish ; all that know you, do expect 
of you that you should exercise your vertues where they 

6 The Winthrop Papers. 

may be of most aduantage to the world, and where you may 
do most good to most mem If j durst be so bold, j would 
adde my earnest prayres to the other stronger considera- 
tions, and beg of you to delay no further time in making 
y r owne country happy by returning to it. I craue pardon 
of you for this boldnesse ; w ch my great affection to you, 
(and indeed, loue of myselfe) hath made me venture vpon. 
Beleeue j beseech you Sir, that j am, w lh all sincerity and 

Honored Sir 

Y r most humble and most faithfull seruant 

Kenelme Digby. 
London the last of January 165i. 

[Labelled, " S r Kenelme Digby."] 


Rev. John Davenport to John Winthrop, Jr. 

To his Honor d freind John Winthrop Esq 1- these present at 

Hon d Sir) 

Your welcome lines, dat d Jan y 16, I received, by this In- 
dian, and read, with gladnes, giving thancks to God and 
you. To God ; for your health, and the health of your fam- 
ily, and towne. To you ; for your loving remembrance of 
me, and myne, and for your mindfullnes to prepare for us 
against the fitt season, as also for my brother Hooke, who 
returneth, by my pen, hearty thancks for your respects 
towards him, which I signifyed unto him. The winter hath 
bene extraordinarily long, and sharpe, and sickly among us. 
Sundry have bene afflicted with paine in theyre heads, and 
sides, and stoppings at theyre breasts ; some were taken 
with greate cold and shy vering : others with sweating, but 
most with inward cold. Some are taken away, by death, 
viz. 4 of this church, and some of the Towne, besides chil- 
dren : but most are restored to health againe, though slow- 
ly. Your presence with us, this winter, might have bene, 
by the providence of God, a greate blessing to the whole 
towne. I hope, the season will shortly be altered, and then 

The Winthrop Papers* 7 

I desire that we may proceed unto further use of meanes, 
for the perfecting of what, remaines to be attended, in order 
to my health, by the blessing of God, whereby I found some 
good, as I apprehend, in tlu^ strengthning of my spirits for 
performance of my ministerial worke, this winter, with some 
abatement of one cause of my weaknes, whereof I gave you 
notice, though it still abideth with me, in some degree. My 
familye hath bene kept from the corilon sicknes in this 
towne, by the goodnes and mercy of God, this winter, onely 
Edmund, my man servant, hath bene exercised with it, 
neare unto death, but he is now, through the mercy of God, 
in an hopefull way of recovery. I have received some let- 
ters from England, in Trumbolls vessel, whereby I perceive 
that things are there in a doubtfull state, and, because I 
should be too tsedious, if I should relate particulars, I send 
you, by this bearer, such books of Intelligence, as were 
sent me, and in the same you will find inclosed some notes 
of the cases of some among us, who desire to improve this 
opportunity to crave your advice and helpe. It is a singu- 
lar fruit of Gods favour to you that he is pleased to make 
you his instrument in doing good to many. Yet I would 
not that your family should be indammaged thereby, which 
cannot be without, guilt of unthanckfullnes in them, who 
returne not according to the benefit received. The fleete 
is gone from England for Hispaniola, M 1 Winslow is one of 
the councell, not governour for aught 1 can learne. The 
small poxe hath bene the death of many in England, and 
the spotted Feaver. Capt. Astwood of Millford is there 
dead having first taken a great cold, after his arrival, where- 
upon he was smitten with a dead palsey, on one side, of 
which he dyed. I hope, we shall injoy your much desired 
company, with M ra Winthrop, at our house, sometime this 
moneth, where you may be assured of hearty welcom, as 
the best part of your entertainment. The Lord Jesus dwell 
with you in peace, and loving kindnes ! to whose grace. I 
recommend you and yours affectionately, with respective 
salutacons of youselfe and M ra Winthrop and M rs Lake in 
boath our names. I rest in him 

Yours obliged John Davenporte. 

M r3 Disborough, and good man Jones of Gillford, dyed of 
the small poxe in England or Scottland. 

8 The Winthrop Papers. 

M rs Bressey, a member of this church, hath buryed 3 
children, in a moneth, of the small poxe, in England, yet, 
its thought, by some, that the 3 d child dyed of the plague, 
as M rs Evance informeth me, but M rs Bressey, in her letter 
to me, saith, they all dyed of the small poxe. I find my 
selfe somewhat weaker, in my spirits, and in my backe, 
since our last fast, which was 10 daies ago. 

[Labelled, " M r Davenport." No date. March 10, 165f .] 


Rev. John Davenport to John Winthrop, Jr. 

To the Right worship 11 his worthily much Honourd freind 
John Winthrop Esq r these present in [Pequod]. 

Honour d Sir) 

It troubled me, not a litle, that the want of a pillion to 
carry my wife, and of horses to bring us back from brother 
Molethrops, and some buisenes to be attended, by ap- 
pointm 1 , at 3 a clock that afternoone, in the towne, com- 
pelled us to part from you, at the water-side, whom we pur- 
posed to accompany unto his farme. But I hope the Lord 
brought you safe and well to your family, and there com- 
forted you with the effects of his good providence, towards 
yours, in theyre wellfare. M r Samuell Eaton and his wife 
returned lately from Hartford, where they were boath ill : 
they say, its thought that aire is infected, at present. Sun- 
dry have bene exercised with a distemper like to that which 
prevailed here, the last winter, but they are in an hopefull 
way of recovery : and Captaine Coiiant is better, they have 
putt such houshold stuffe as they shall have use of, into 
a vessel bound hitherward, purposing to keepe house here. 
The 3 weekes during which you purposed to be absent from 
us, are now expired : therefore here is now a general ex- 
pectation of your returne : for which cause brother Mole- 
throp is sent, to waite upon you, or to know the precise 
time thereof, that horses may be seasonably sent, to meete 
you, at the Rivers mouth (so many as may suite your fam- 

The Winthrop Papers. 9 

ily) and that something may be done towards the fitting ojf 

youre house for the\ r re entertainm 1 . My earnest and hearty 
desire is that you would be pleased to accept this Townes 
oiler, and to settle your habitacon among US, though you 
should dwell here but some part of the yeare, and another 
part of it at Pequod, or wheresoever else your occasions 
may invite you to be. My wile joyneth with me in that 
request, and in presenting respective and affectionate salu- 
tacons to your selfe, with M rs Winthrop and M™ Lake, and 
she prayeth you to be assured that any tiling we have shall 
be at your service. Sister Glover newly returned from Long 
Island puts us in feare that you are in some thoughts about 
transporting your family to the Baye, or to Connectacut, but 
I cannot believe either, though I believe you may be invited 
to boath. I hope that this messenger will put a period to 
all such intimacons, either by your personal returne with 
him hither, or by some letter from you certifying the deter- 
mined time, when we may expect you. For you freely 
promised to stay with us, at least, a moneth or 6 weekes, 
this spring, for the carrying on further what you have begun 
in my case and M" Hopkinses &c. Then we shall have 
opportunity of conferring, de futuris. In the meane time, 
and ever, the good Lord recompence all your labour of love 
an 100 fold unto you, and your family, and make your jour- 
ney to us speedy and prosperous ! In whom I rest 

Your obliged and thanckfull freind and servant 
in any office of love John Davenporte. 

Newhaven this \A' h day of if 2 d m. 1655. 

M r Pell, they say, reports at Mill ford that the Dutch 
Governo 1 " is slaine by Spaniards, sed ubi, quomodo, quando, 
quare, nondum constat, 
verte folium. 

Postscript — upon a confident report that you was gone 
to the Baye, bro. Molethrop staid, and so my letter, though 
sealed, was not sent. Yesterday, another report said that 
a pinnas was sent from the Baye to fetch you, but you 
could not goe, being hindred by sicknes. This report ex- 
cited me to speake with our Governo 1 " that one might be 
sent speedily, and, I hope, bro : Molethrop will be pro- 
cured to be our messenger, also it occasioned my opening 

vol. x. 2 

10 The Winthrop Papers, 

of my letter againe, and adding this postscript to certifye 
you that I both pray and long to heare of your recovery, 
and have good hope, through the mercy of God in Christ 
Jesus, that you shall live to doe him much more service in 
the land of the living. Onely let us know how it is with 
you speedily, and when we shall expect you and what you 
will have done about the house and lot, and be assured 
that you are in our hearts and in my prayers that your soul 
may be bound up in the bundle of life with the Lord our 
God, in Jesus Christ, your Lord and ours, in whom I rest. 

This \9 th d. of the2 d m. 1655. 

[Labelled, " M r Davenport."] 


Roger Williams to John Winthrop, Jr. 

To my honoured kind friend M r Winthrop at Pequt — these 

Providence the 26. 2. 55 (so calld). 

Sir Loving respects to you both presented wishing you a 
joyfull spring, after all youre sad and gloomie, sharpe and 
bitter winter blasts and snowes : Sir one of youre friends 
among the Nariganset Sachims, Meiksah sends this mes- 
senger unto me and prayes me to write to you for youre 
helpe about a gun which Kittatteash Onchas his son hath 
lately taken from this bearer Ahanausquatuck out of his 
howse at Pawchauquet : He will not owne any offence he 
gave him, but that he is subject to Meiksah though possibly 
Kittateash may alleadge other causes yea and true allso : 
I doubt not of your loving eye on the matter, as God shall 
please to give you opportunitie : Sir the last first day di- 
vers of Boston (merchants) were with me (about Sear- 
geant Halsey run from Boston hither and a woman after 
him who layes her great belly to him) They tell me that 
by a barke come from Virginia they are informed of Gods 
mercifull hand in the safe arrivall of Major Sedgwick and 
that fleete from the West of England, and that Gen : 

The Winthrop Papers. 1 1 

Pen was not yet gone out but riding (all things ready) in 
Tor Bay, waiting tor the word, and by letters from good 
and great friends in England I understand there are like to 
be great agitations in this countrie if that fleete succeede. 

Sir a hue and crie come to my hand lately from the Gov- 
ernoure al Boston after 2 youths one runn from Captaine 

Oliver whome I lighted on and have returned, another from 
.lames Bill of Boston who I heare past through our towne 
and said he was bound for Pequt, his name is James Pitnie, 
lie hath on a blackish coate and hat and a pair of greenish 
breeches and greene knit stockins : I would now (with 
very many thanks) have returned you youre Jesuits maxims 
but I was loath to trust them in so wild a hand, nor some 
tidings which I have from England : These merchants tell 
me that Blake was gone againest the Duke of Legorne and 
had sent for 10 frigots more : Sir the God of peace fill 
youre soule with that strange kind of peace which passeth 
all understandinge So prayes Sir 

Youre unworthy R. W. 


Rev. John Davenport to John Winthrop, Jr. 

To the R l Worship 11 his much Honoured freind John Win- 
throp Esq r these present in Pequot. 


Joseph Alsop being now returned from the Baye, we 
have taken the 1 st opportunity of sending him, with his ves- 
sel, to accomodate youre much desired transportacon, with 
your family, unto us. Be pleased to accept this as a testi- 
mony of the reality and fervency of our desire to enjoy your 
much longed for, and worthily much esteemed presence with 
us, and to favour us with a suitable answer, in assurance that 
none can be more welcom hither, than you and yours, nor 
can you and they be more welcom to any then to us. Sir, 
I have received from England almost all the particulars you 
appointed me to wright for, which I desire you may see 
and dispose of as you shall find best. Salute M r9 Winthrop 

12 The Winthrop Papers. 

and M rs Lake affectionately in boath our names. My sonne 
presents his humble service to you. The good Lord rec- 
ompence all your labours of love towards me an 100 fold, 
and make your passage safe, speedy and comfortable ! In 
whom I rest 

Sir, yours to honour and serve you in the Lord 

John Davenport. 

JYewhaven the 6 th day of the 5 month 1655. 

My wife hath not bene well, but weake and feeble-spirit- 
ed this weeke. 

[Labelled, " M r Davenport."] 


Rev, John Davenport to John Winthrop, Jr. 

To his Honoured freind John Winthrop, Esq re , these pre- 
sent, in Pequot. 

Hon d Sir — We did earnestly expect your coming hither, 
with M rs Winthrop and your familie, the last light moone, 
according to your purpose signified to us, having also intel- 
ligence that a vessel wayted upon you, at Pequot, for that 
end, and were thereby encouraged to provide your house, 
that it might be fitted, in some measure, for your comforta- 
ble dwelling in it, this winter. 

My wife was not wanting in her endeavours to set all 
wheeles on going, all hands, that she could procure, on 
worke, that you might finde all things to your satisfaction. 
Though she could not accomplish her desires, to the full ; 
yet she proceeded as farr as she could ; whereby many 
things are done, viz. the house made warme, the well 
cleansed, the pumpe fitted for your use, some provision of 
wood is layed in, and 20 loades will be ready, whensoever 
you come : and sundry, who have received helpe from you 
have, by my wife's instigation, prepared 30 bush, of wheate 
for the present and sister Glover hath 12Sb of candles ready 
for you. My wife hath also procured a maid-servant for 

The IVlnthrop Papers. . 13 

you, who is reported to he cleanly, and saving, her mother 
is of the Church, atad she is kept from a place in Con iceta- 
cut (where she was much desired) to serve you. At last 
Joseph Alsop arrived here, in safety, on the Lords day, 
and, in the Assembly, gave thaneks tor his comfortable pas- 
sage. By him I received (instead of yourselfe and yours, 
whose presence was heartily desired by us all) a letter from 
you, dated on the day before his arrivall, whereby I under- 
stood that some providences intercurring hundred and dis- 
appointed your reall Intentions of coming, with your family, 
to us, both before, and by him. The hazzard and danger 
suspected, you now see, was more in ungrounded imagina- 
cons of those who laboured to hinder your proceeding, 
then in the reality and trueth of the cause pratended by 
them. Yet we have hope that, by another vessel (I 
heare, M' Yongs, ni fallor) you will be accomodated, for 
transportation of your familye, and what you purpose to 
bring hither, and that you incline to improve that oppor- 
tunity — whereof I am glad. Many hands are daily at 
worke for the iron-buisnes : onely your presence is want- 
ing, to sett all things in a right course. If M rs Win- 
throp knew how wellcome she will be to us, she would, I 
believe, neglect whatsoever others doe, or mav be forward 
to suggest, for her discouragement. Salute her, with due 
respect, in my name and my wifes, most affectionately, to- 
gether with M" Lake. The Lord Jesus pave your waye, 
and make your journey to us speedy and prosperous ! In 
whom I rest, Sir, 

Yours exceedingly obliged, 

John Davenport. 
JYewhaven this 22 of the 9 th 55. 

My wife had a man in pursuite that would be very fitt to 
manadge your Island, and the motion proceedes in an hope- 
full way, if a marriage, which he is about, doth not hinder. 
My sonne presents his humble service to yourselfe and 
M* rs Winthrope. 

Sir William Constable, and M r Tillinghast are taken 
away by death in England, boath buryed ; the one, in Lon- 
don ; the other, in Norfolke with great honour. Also Capt. 
Fen is dead at Barbadoes, and M r Novvel, at Charles 

14 The JVinthrop Papers. 

Towne. M r Leverets wifes violent aversenes from his set- 
tling in the Colledge, he saith, causeth him to desist from 
that buisenes. So, that worke must waite for a better 

My wife complaineth of a paine in the soles of her feete, 
especially in the evening, sometimes it burnes. Yet in the 
day, and after she hath bene a while in bed, it doth not 
trouble her. 

Sir) I thanck you for the 2 bookes you sent me to pe- 
ruse, which I am reading dilligently. 

[Labelled, " M r Davenport."] 


Rev. John Davenport to John Winthrop, Jr. 

To his worthily much Honoured freind John Winthrope 
Esq re these present in Pequot. 

Hon d Sir) 

By Joseph Alsop we did expect your arrival], with your 
family, here, and your abode with us, this winter. But, in- 
stead of yourselfe, I received your lines, whereby I under- 
stood that your real purpose of transporting your familie was, 
contrary to your expectations wholly dissappointed. If you 
knew how much our hopes of injoying you with us com- 
forted us, you would easily apprehend how much the frus- 
tration of them damped us. And, if M rs Winthrop knew 
how welcome she would be unto us, she would neglect 
whatsoever others may suggest to discourage her from 
coming to us. And, because I understood, by Joseph Al- 
sop, how boysterously some of your plantation opposed your 
voyadge, with your familie, to us ward, and intimated that 
the vessel was rotten and your lives would be endangered 
by the voyage, I signified in a letter which I sent to you, by 
Higby, that, on the Lords day, after his departure from Pe- 
quot, which was the next day after the date of your letter 
to me, as I remember, Joseph Alsop gave publick thancks, 
in the Congregacon, for his safe and comfortable passage. 
And, that you might know what preparacon was made for 

The Winthrop Papers. 15 

your comfortable being in your house, this winter, I shewed, 
in the same letter, bow careful) and active my wife hath bene 
to procure hands to prepare your house, whereby your well 
is cleansed, and a new pumpe set up, and the rooms 
are made warme, and tables with some chayres are pro- 
vided. The 20 loads of wood, you mentioned, are ready, 
and some already laid in. The rest waite but lor your 
coming. Also 30 bush, of wheate, and some candles, which 
together with other things, I signifyed, that you may see, 
and M rs Winthrop also, how earnestly your coming to us is 
expected and desired. You will now receive some further 
intelligence from M r Goodyeare concerning the iron-worke, 
unto which there is a greate forwardnes in the people gen- 
erally, which, it seemes, is somewhat checked by your ab- 
sence, at this time. Sir) I thanck you for the bookes you 
sent me to reade, which I am dilligently perusing. My wife 
tooke care of your apples, that they may be kept safe from 
the frost, that M ra Winthrop might have the benefit of them. 
Now the Lord pave your way to us, and make your journey 
safe comfortable and prosperous ! In whom I rest 
Yours exceedingly obliged 

John Davenporte. 
jYewhaven if last of if 9 th 55. 

Sir) I forgate to give you notice, that my wife hath pro- 
vided for M ra Winthrop a cleanly thrifty maide-servant, sis- 
ter Becklyes daughter, whom she kept from a service at 
Connectacute, where she was much desired ; in expectation 
of your coming. 

[Labelled, "M r Davenport."] 


Sir Kenclme Digby to John Winthrop, Jr. 

Paris 26. Jan. 1656. new stile. 

Worthy Sir, 

Y r most welcome letter of the 4. 7 her last, was sent me 
by M r Peters, the same day j went out of London to come 
to this towne : w ch made me lament the lesse the necessity 

16 The Winthrop Papers. 

of those affaires that call me hither for a little while ; since 
j learne by it that you are not as yet minded to make our 
country happy w th y r presence. I pray God you may so 
alter y r resolutions that by the returne of the shippes j may 
meete you att London. For j can not subscribe to y r rea- 
sons ; the maine of w ch is, res angusta domi to a numerous 
family. For wheresoeuer you are, j am sure you can not 
want. My restitution to my country and estate, j owe 
wholy to my lord Protectors goodnesse and iustice; who 
hath proceeded so nobly w th me, that whiles j liue j will 
serue him w lh all j haue, and w lh my life also whensoeuer 
there shall be occasion. I beseech you present my most 
humble thankes to the President and fellowes of y r college 
for the obliging Letter they haue bin pleased to send me. 
So small a present as j presumed to make them, deserued 
not so large a returne ; w ch j may iustly call a large one, 
since it hath putt me exceedingly in their debt : out of 
w ch j will endeauour to come att my returne into England. 
That w ch you sent me formerly, j neuer heard of. I meane, 
your or the Presidents letter or certificate. As for the ca- 
lamita della Luce ; this is the nature of it ; that after it hath 
bin some months out of the earth, it looseth its attractiue 
force of light. There is much of it about Bologna ; and j 
brought much of it into France to satisfy the curiosities of 
some particular frindes : but before it came to their handes, 
it had lost its magnetike vertue. I haue searched all Paris 
for Blaise Viginere des Chiffres. I had it in my library in 
England : But att the plundering of my house, j lost it 
w th many other good bookes. I haue layed out in all places 
for it : and when j gett it, it shall be for you by the first 
conueniency of sending it to you. It is a long time since j 
heard any thing of doctor Hauersfield ; but some that haue 
come lately from Holland, haue told me they thought he is 
dead. Neither do j know where the Kefflers are. The 
doctor told me long since, that his water to be taken in- 
wardly for vlcers, was made of § . I had from him a bottle 
of it for one that had the kinges euill ; but it did not cure 
them ; and it was so nauseous to the stomake, after 2. or 3. 
takinges (though it looked and tasted but like faire water) 
that patients would rather resolue to continue their vlcers 
then take that medicine. If euer j meete w rth Keffier, j 

The IVinthrop Papers. 17 

doubt not but be will teach if me if he knowes ii ; and j 
will send it you. In the raeanetime letl me tell you an easy 

medicine of mine owne that j haue scene do miraculous cures 
in all sortes of vlccrs, and in knitting soddainly broken 
hones: w ch j conceiue it doth, by carrying away by vrine 
the ichorous matter that infesteth such maladies ; and then, 
nature healeth and knitteth apace, when nothing hindereth 
her. It is this. Beate to subtile ponder one ounce of 
crabbes eyes (in latin, called Oculi cancrorum) then putt 
v|)on it in a high glasse (because of the ebullition) foure 
ounces of strong wine-vinegar. It will instantly boyle vp 
extremly; lett it stand till all be quiett; then straine it 
through a tine I'm on ; and of this liquor (w ch will then tast 
like dead beere ; without any sharpenesse) giue two 
spoonetuls att a time to drinke, three times a day : and you 
shall see a strange effect in a weeke or two. For all sortes 
of agewes, j haue of late tryed the following magneticall 
experiment w ,h infallible successe. Pare the patients nayles 
when the fitt is coming on : and putt the paringes into a 
Title bagge of fine linon or sarsenet ; and tye that about a 
hue eeles necke, in a tubbe of water. The eele will t\\e, 
and the patient will recouer. And if a dog or hog eate 
that eele, they will also dye. I haue made knowne (and 
now it is famous) in these partes, a barke of a tree that in- 
fallibly cureth all intermittent feauours. It cometh from 
Peru ; and is the barke of a tree called by the Spaniardes 
Kinkina; the patient must take 2 drammes of it in subtile 
pouder; infuse it all night in white wine, and drinke all 
(both pouder and wine) when you feele the fitt approching. 
It worketh no sensible effect, but that you are cured. 
S r John Heydon is dead. It is pitty that Dreble dyed be- 
fore he had perfected the Telescopium. All the addition to 
it that j heare of, is ; that insteed of an acute or concaue 
glasse, they vse two conuexes or lenses besides the chiefe 
one att the further end. This maketh the obiect to be easily 
found out ; and one seeth much att a time : But it seem- 
eth to me, not so exact as the other old way. I haue 
knowne one that cured all deliriums and frensies whatso- 
euer, and att once taking, w th an Elixir made of dew, noth- 
ing but dew, purifyed, and nipped Vp in a glasse, and di- 
gested 15. months, till all of it was become a gray pouder, 
vol. x. 3 

18 The Winthrop Papers, 

not one droppe of humidity remaining. This j know to be 
true ; and that first it was as blacke as inke ; then greene ; 
then gray ; and att 22. months end, it was as white and lus- 
trous as any orientall perle. But it cured manias at 15. 
months end. He dyed that wrought it, when he intended 
to ferment it w th ©. Other Elixir j neuer saw ; And they 
that know it, j beleeue are very cautious to hide it. The 
famousest author for physike and hermeticall Philosofy now, 
is Helmont, who is dead ; but his booke hath raised a new 
sect of philosophers and physitians. I was the first that 
brought the sympathetike pouder into England and France ; 
35. yeares agone. King James made tryall of it from 
my instruction. And the cure of M r James Howell (whom 
j beleeue you know) was famous. All vitriol is alike ; 
onely the best, worketh most efficaciously. And the oth- 
er additions to it, are but to make the thing the more mys- 
terious. Such medicines (in any kind) as you shall thinke 
fitt to impart to me, j shall receiue as singular fauours : And 
in what so euer you shall iudge me capable to serue you, 
comand me freely ; for j am, with all my heart 

Y r most affectionate and humble seruant 

Kenelme Digby. 


Roger Williams to John Winthrop, Jr. 

To his much honoured kind friend M r John Winthrop at 
Pequt or elsewhere — these presents. 

Providence 21. 12 | % (so calld). 
Sir this opportunitie makes me venture this salutacion 
though we heare question of youre being at Pequt. These 
friends can say more of Affaires then I can write. I have 
letters from England of proceedings there which yet are 
not come : Some I have received which tell me that the 
Lord hath yet created peace although the sword is yet forct 
(by Garrisons) to enforce it. I cannot heare of open warrs 
with France, but only with Spaine, and that the prosecu- 
tion of that West Indie expedition is still with all possible 

The Winthrop Papers. 19 

vigour on both sides intended : This diversion against the 
Spaniard hath turnd the face and thoughts of many Eng- 
lish: So that the saying of thousands now is crownc the 
Protector with gould, though the sullen vet cry crowne him 
with thornes: The former 2 or 3 yeares with plentie un- 
thanck fully receaved in England : The Lord sent abound - 
ance of waters this last summer which spoild theire corne 
over most parts of the Land : Sir Henry Vane being retired 
to his owne private in Lincolnshire hath now published his 
observations as to religion, he hath sent me one of his 
books (though yet at Boston) his father is — dead and the 
inheritance falls to him, and 10 or 12000 more then should 
if his father had lived but a month longer — but though his 
father cast him of yet, he hath not lost in temporalis, by 
being cast of for God : Our Acquaintance Major Sedg- 
wick is said to be successoure to unsuccessful Yenables 
cast into the towre — Youre brother Stephen succeedes 
Major Gen 1 Harrison : The Pope endeavours the uniting 
of all his slaves for his guard, fearing the Hereticks : The 
Lord knowes whether Archer (upon the reigne of Christ) 
said true 'that yet the Pope before his downefall must recov- 
er England ; and the protestant countries revolted from 
him.' Sir we are sure All flesh is grasse and only the 
word of the Lord endures forever: Sir you once kindly 
intended to quench a lire betweene M r Coddington and 
others, but now it is come to publicke triall : We heare 
the Dutch fire is not quencht : I feare this yeare will be 
stormie ; only may the most gracious Lord by all drive and 
draw us to himselfe in whome Sir I desire to be ever 

Yourse R. W. 


Rev. John Davenport to John Winthrop, Jr. 

To the Right Worship 11 John Winthrope Esq r these present 
in Hartford. 

Honour' 1 Sir) 

A report, that you was gone to the Baye, put me from 
my purpose of sending the inclosed, til I might certainely 

20 The Winthrop Papers. 

know where my letter might finde you. I have now re- 
ceived intelligence, by John Thomas, that you are at Hart- 
ford, and that M rs Winthrope hath bene very ill, and in 
greate danger of her life, but is now, by the mercy of God, 
recovered. Blessed be his name for this mercy to her, and 
to your selfe and yours in her recovery ! But withall he 
saith that your selfe are very ill, and have taken physick, 
this day, and that he stayed 3 houres to understand how it 
wrought, and is informed that it wrought well. This giv- 
eth us some ground of hope, that God will graciously bless 
the meanes for restoring your health, whose life we account 
exceeding precious, and a blessing to many. He who hath 
given you a merciful heart to others, in theyre sicknesses, 
hath promised that you also shall obteyne mercy. We are 
not wanting to you in our prayers, since we heard of your 
state, which was but this night, nor shall we cease from 
praying for your life and health, til we heare that our peti- 
tion is answered for your good. Be pleased to let us heare 
from you by the 1 st opportunity, how it is with you. My 
wife desireth to send something suitable to your present 
condition, but knoweth not what, til she heare further con- 
cerning you. At present she sends you a few fresh ray- 
sons, and a litle liquorish, and your owne unicornes home, 
which she hath kept safe for you, since you sent it for M rs 
Eaton. My wife is ashamed to send so few raysons, but 
she hath no more so good. Were it not that I am loath 
to trouble you with many lines I should wright much more 
concerning other matters, and particularly to returne thancks 
for your mindfulness of me for a vent for some of my 
horses, by M r Adis, concerning which I hope to have an 
opportunity of speaking with you ere long. The Lord Je- 
sus be with you and blesse meanes for your recovery ! with 
presenting my service and my wifes, and sons, to M rs Win- 
thrope, with your selfe, and our love to yours, I rest 

Sir, yours much obliged 

John Davenporte. 

JYeiohaven the 20 th d. of y e b th m. 1658. 

[Labelled, " M r Davenport."] 

The IVinthrop Papers. -1\ 


Rci\ Ju/ui Davenport to John IVintlirop, Jr. 

Right worship" olm Winthrop Esq' 

these present in Hartford. 

Honoured Sir — 

We have with longing desires long expected your re- 
turne, with your familie, to your owne habitacon, at New- 
haven, as accounting your dwelling among us a special fa- 
vour from God, and a comon good to all the people, es- 
pecially in this sickly time when many are afllictively exer- 
cised, with grypings, vomitings, fluxes, agues and leavers, 
though more moderately in this Towne, by the mercy of 
God, then at Norwalke and Fairefield. Young M r Allerton 
who lately came from the Dutch, saith, they are much more 
sorely visited there, then these parts are. It is said, that at 
Mastipeag the inhabitants are generally so ill that they are 
likely to lose theyre harvest, through want of ability to reape 
it. M r Harbert of South Hold is so ill, at Manatoes, that 
there is litle, if any, hope of his life — Brother Alsop is come 
from the Dutch, with a purpose to have bene gone to the 
Baye, before this time, but the afflicting hand of the Lord 
hath stayed him, by great Bines, accompanied with a giddi- 
nes in his head, and much sleepynes, and burning. It 
comes by fitts, every other day. My wife giveth him, this 
day, a portion of your powder, whereof the supplye that 
you left in her hand is spent. The extremities of people 
have caused her to part with what she reserved for our owne 
family, if need should require. It hath pleased the Lord 
to spare us hitherto, yet my wife hath bene, diverse times, 
this sumer, and stil is, valetudinarious, faint, thirsty, of litle 
appetite, and indisposed, sundry times, yet goes about and 
is betweene times, better, and cheerful, yet ordinarily, in the 
mornings, shee feeles a paine in the bottom of her backe. 
Edmund is not wel, yet goes about. The good Lord pre- 
pare us for all changes, that under all changes of provi- 
dence, we may have suitable changes of spirit, to honour, 
serve, and please God therein ! Amen. 

22 The Winthrop Papers. 

Sir) I will not hide from you what is here reported, though 
I cannot easily beleive it, because I received no such intelli- 
gence, at any time, from your selfe. Timothy Nash saith, 
He cannot understand, from your selfe, or from M rs Win- 
throp, or from the people at Hartford, that you have any 
purpose of ever returning hither to dwell here — And Nath. 
Kimerly saith, from your owne words, that you thought to 
have come to Newhaven, but now you thinck, you shall not 
see us, this yeare. If it be so ; we have cause to be sensi- 
ble of a great loss to us, who have long comforted our selves 
in hopes of enjoying you in a way of dwelling here : not 
onely for the good that many may receive by Gods blessing 
upon your endeavours for theyre health, but for your com- 
pany, which for itselfe, is precious and contentful unto us. 
If you would please to stock your Farme and to give order 
to have your land at Newhaven improved, you might live 
comfortably upon that which is your owne, in this place. 
The people here also would be ready to serve you with 
theyre labours, and to take hold of all good occasions of 
declaring theyre thanckfulnes, really, as they are bound to 
doe, for your large and liberal helpefulnes to them : in dis- 
tributing whereof my wife is but your hand, who neither 
receiveth, nor expecteth any recompence for that, but de- 
sireth that all acknowledgements and retributions may be 
returned to yourselfe. 

Sir) It pleased you, when I was exercised with that 
swiming disiness, to send me a paper, Feb. 20 th 57, contain- 
ing in it certaine portions of powder, which I never opened, 
til this day, because it pleased God to release me from that 
distemper, without it. And in perusing the letter you then 
sent, I find it comended as also useful for my other dis- 
temper in regard of the Magisterium of Corall, which is in 
it. Hereupon, I desire to know, whether you will advise 
me to make use of it for that, though the disiness, through 
God's mercy, hath not troubled me, since the spring began, 
unto this day. Edward Preston came lately from Long 
Island, and saith, many Indians there are very sick, and 12 
were dead before his coming thence. My wife and son 
joyne with me in presenting our service to yourselfe and 
M rs Winthrope, and our loving salutacons to your children. 

The Winthrop Papers. 23 

The Lord Jesus dwel with you in peace and loving kinde- 
nesses ! In whom I rest 

Sir) your exceedingly obliged 

John Davenporte. 

JYewhavcn ]f 4 th d. of if 6" m. 58. 

Sir, My wife desires a word or 2 of* advice from you, 
what is best to be done for those grypings, and agues and 
feavours ; but she is loath to be too troublesom. Yet as 
the cases are weighty so she desires to goe upon y ,: surest 
ground, and to take the safest courses, and knoweth none 
whose judgm 1 she can so rest in as in yours. 

[Superscription in part gone.] 


Rev. John Davenport to John Winthrop, Jr. 

To his Honoured freind John Winthrop Esq r these present 
in Hartford. 

Honour' 1 Sir) 

Though I have, together with the rest intrusted by you, 
subscribed our comon letter, yet I shall add a few lines, as 
myne owne letter to your selfe, to whom I am so par- 
ticularly obliged, that I cannot omit to present my re- 
spectfull salutacons to your selfe and M r3 Winthrop, with 
many thancks for the intelligence I have received from 
you, in several letters, and for the powders you sent to my 
wife, and for the Almanack, w T hich I had not seene be- 
fore, though, since my receite of yours, the president of the 
Colledge sent me one. The Author of it is wholly un- 
knowne to me, save by his name in the title page. In the 
next page, speaking of 4 ecclipses, this yeare, he may seeme 
to some to be willing to be accounted sapientum octavus, 
utpote qui terram planetarum octavum animo suo fingit, 
contra comunem Astronomorum sententiam. For he saith, 
Twice shall this planet, whereon w T e live and its concomi- 
tant the moone, widdow each other of theyre sunderived 
lustre. Now, the place, whereon we live, is the earth. 
The place, I say, not the planet. But he is not willing so- 

24 The Winthrop Papers. 

lus sapere. Therefore for his 4 proposicons he produceth, 
in his last page, sundry authors, who, he saith, have an- 
swered the objections from Scripture against this opinion. 
I have not read theyre answers. But, if that be the breife 
or summe of them, which he notes, it will not be found, 
upon an exact search, to be satisfying. However it be, let 
him injoy his opinion ; and I shall rest in what I have 
learnd, til more cogent arguments be produced then I have 
hitherto met with. Sir, Your motion about letting your 
house to N. K. etc. came to me wholly beyond my expec- 
tacon. I did, indeed, expect (according to your promise, 
as I understood it) to heare from you, upon your returne 
from the Baye, the result of your thoughts and purposes 
w. your resolucon, whether to returne to inhabit it with your 
familye, and when, or to sell it to the Towne, who bought 
it, that they might freely give it to your selfe, or put it into 
your power, as your owne, upon what termes you propound- 
ed (seing you would not accept it upon free gift, because you 
would preserve your liberty, to dwell in it, as your occasions 
would permit). But what they then did, and others stirred 
them up unto, I assure you, was in respect to the comon 
good, which was hoped for and expected by us all from 
your selfe, dwelling among us with your familie. Nor would 
they have taken such pay for it from any man in the coun- 
trey, but your selfe. Which 1 note that you may see theyre 
love to you, and desire of injoying you among us. There 
are few houses vacant in the Towne, that are so fit as that 
for entertainment of persons of publick usefullnes. Such 
men the Towne wants. If yourselfe and yours dwell in it, 
it will fully satisfye all, none will desire any other, and my 
selfe, and myne, will most rejoyce therein. But, if your 
other occasions will not permit that, this way of letting it 
unto such men will not be for your proffit, nor for the 
Townes satisfaction. Your house and lot hath suffered 
much hurt already, and will more, in this way, and this 
Towne will lose theyre end. for they would never have let 
it pass out of theyre hands, but in hope of injoying your 
selfe, which if they cannot obtaine, I perceive, it will, in the 
next place, best satisfie them, if you please to give them 
leave to buy it of you. I thought it my duety to signifie 
thus much to your selfe, and shall add onely this, to prevent 

The Winthrop Papers. 25 

missinterpretaefms, that, as the house is your owne, so all 
doe grant that it is in your owue power to doe with it as 
you please. If you please to let it to N. K. etc. you may. 
onely you may be pleased to reminde that this is not that 
use of that house, which will answer the Townes-mens 
ends, and the townes expectacon, and necessities. With 
myne, my wifes and sons respectful and affectionate saluta- 
cons and service presented to your selfe, and M r9 Winthrop, 
and your branches, I rest, Sir 

Yours obliged John Davenport. 

Mwhaven f 18 d. of if I st m. 165|. 

[Labelled, " M' Davenport about selling the house."] 

Rev. John Davenport to John Winthrop, Jr. 

To the Honourd John Winthrop Esq Governor of Connec- 
tacute Colonie, these present at New London. 

Honoured Sir) 

Your quick departure fr: Hartford, after my son's re- 
turne home from thence, denied me an opportunity of 
expressing our due thancks for your loving entertainment 
of so bold a visitour, whereof he speaketh much, and 
yet is not satisfied with what he hath spoken, thincking 
it falles shorte of what he should speake to express your 
and M ra Winthropes kindness to him. Sir, you know, the 
affections of parents are apte to sympathize with theyre 
children, and to take contentment in what they finde to be 
justly pleasing and comfortable to them. Hence it is that I 
desire to take this first overture for conveyance of these few 
lines, in way of thanckfulnes, from us boath, to your selfe 
(as I have already done to M 1 ' 3 Winthrop, by I. Latimer) 
for the same. And to let you know that I have received a 
large letter fr: M r Blinman date' 1 Aug. 22. whereby I under- 
stand that God hath brought him and his to Newfoundland, 
in safety and health, and maketh his ministry acceptable to 
all the people there, except some Quakers, and much de- 
sired and flocked unto, and he hath made choise of a ship 
for Barnstaple, to his Content the Master being Godly. 

VOL. x. 4 

26 The Winthrop Papers, 

After these passages and his notifying to me the Lady 
Kircks respectful and loving mention of me whom she saith, 
she hath heard in London, he addeth to what I had heard 
fr: England that a fine of 5 £ is put upon any that shall 
name the last protector. 2. that the Lord Henry is sent 
for out of Ireland and outed of his place. 3. that 4 are 
sent fr. England and 4 fr: France and 4 fr. the States, to 
see whether they can compose matters between Sweade and 
Dane. 4. that 30,000 £ is demanded for the old Protec- 
tors funeral, which the Parliament refuse to pay. some 
urged that those that had the mourning cloaths should pay 
for them, that the Commons might not be charged. 5. that 
the last Protector was like to be apprehended for the debt, 
but withdrew : Whereupon the Parliament gave him 6 
months liberty to come to termes with Creditors. 6. that 
M r Hugh Peters is distracted and under sore horrors of con- 
science, crying out of himself as damned, and confessing 
haynous actings. He concludes, for the truth hereof sit 
fides penes auctorem. 7. that there is an Ambassador 
gone for Spaine. Lastly that the fleet in the West Indies 
have taken almost an incredible mass of treasure in some 
Spanish Townes there. Reported by a ship in that har- 
bour where M r Blinman lyes, that met a frygot at sea going 
home Soe I shall not add, at present but my desires for 
your safe journey to the Baye and speedy returne to your 
Family and then to Newhaven and my wifes, with our sons 
respectful and most affectionate salutacons and humble ser- 
vice Yours exceedingly obliged 

John Davenporte. 
JYewhaven the 2S th d. of the 7 th m. 1659. 

[Labelled, « M r Davenport —- of 7ber 1659."] 


Roger Williams to John Winthrop, Jr. 

To my honored kind friend M r John Winthrop Governour 

at Hartford on Qunnihticut. 

Providence 6. 12 

r, o 
6 0' 

Sir Loving respects to youre selfe and M rs Winthrop &c 
Your loving lines in this cold dead season were as a cup 

The IVinlhrop Papers. 27 

of youre Conccticut cydar (which we arc glad to heare 
abounds with you) or of that Westerne metheglyn, which 
you and I have drunck at Bristow togeather &cc. Indeede 
it is the wonderfull power and goodnes of God that we are 
preserved in our dispersions among these wild barbarous 
wretches. I heare not of their excursions this winter and 
should rejoice (if as you hint) Onkas and his brother were 
removed to Long Hand (or any where) or els (as I have 
sometimes motioned) a truce for some good tearme of yeares 
might be obteined amongst them : But how T should we 
expect that the streames of bloud should stop among the 
dregs of mankind, when the bloudie issues flow so fresh and 
fearfully among the finest and most refined sons of men 
and sons of God. We have not only heard of the 4 
Northerne nations Dania Swecia Anglia and Belgium, all 
Protestants (Hereticks and dogs with the Pope &,c) last 
yeare, tearing and devouring one another in the Narrow 
Streights and eminent high passages and turnes of the sea 
and world : but we allso have a sound of the Presbyterians 
rage new burst out into flames of war from Scotland, and 
the independant and sectarian army provoked againe to New 
Appeales to God and engagements against them : Thus 
while this last Pope hath ply'd with sailes and oares and 
brought all his Popish sons to peace (except Portugal) and 
brought in his grand ingineers the Jesuits againe to Venice 
after their long just banishment : We Protestants are wo- 
rn lly disposed to row backward and bring our sailes a back 
stayes, and provoke the holy jealous Lord who is a con- 
suming fire, to kindle againe those fires from Rome and 
Hell which formerly consumed (in Protestant Countries) so 
many precious servants of God — The late renowned Oli- 
ver confest to me in close discourse about the Protestants 
affaires <Scc. that he yet feard great persecutions to the prot- 
estants from the Romanists before the downfall of the Pa- 
pacie. The histories of our Fathers before us tell us what 
huge bowles of the bloud of the Saints that great whore 
hath bene drunck with in (now) Protestant dominions : 
Sure her judgment will ring through the world, and it is 
hoped it is not far from the dore. Sir you were not long 
since the son of 2 noble Fathers M r John Winthrop and 
M r H. Peters — it is said they are both extingwished : 

28 The Winthrop Papers. 

Surely I did ever from my soule honour and love them 
even when their judgments lead them to afflict me : Yet 
the Father of Spirits spares us breath and I rejoice Sir that 
youre name (amongst the New England magistrates printed, 
to the Parliament and army by H. Nort : Rous &c) is not 
blurd but rather honourd for your prudent and moderate 
hand in these late (Quakers) trials amongst us. And it is 
said that in the late Parliament yourselfe were one of the 
three in nomination for Gen : Governour over New England, 
which how ever that designe ripend not yet youre name 
keepes up an high esteeme &c. I have seene youre hand to 
a letter to this Colony (as to youre late purchase of some 
land at Nariganset :) The sight of youre hand hath quieted 
some jealousies amongst us that the Bay (by this purchase) 
designed some prejudice to the Libertie of Conscience 
amongst us: We are in consultations how to answere that 
letter, and my endeavoure shall be (with Gods helpe) to 
wellcome with both our hands and armes, youre interest in 
these parts, though we have no hope to enjoy youre per- 
sonal! residence amongst us. I rejoice to heare that you 
gaine (by new plantations upon this Willdernes : I feare 
that many precious souls will be glad to hide their heads 
(shortly) in these parts. Youre candle (and mine) drawes 
towards its end : The Lord graciously helpe us to shine 
in light and love (universally to all that feare his name) with- 
out that monopolie of the affection to such of our owne per- 
suasion only ; for the common enemie (the Romish wolfe) 
is very high in resolution and hope and advantage to make 
a prey on all (of all sorts) that desire to feare God : Di- 
vers of our Neighbours thankfully resalute you : We have 
buried this winter M r Olnies son who formerly you heard to 
be afflicted with an Lithargie, he lay 2 or 3 dayes wholy 
senceles, until! his last groanes : My youngest son Joseph 
was troubled with a spice of an epilepsie : We used some 
remedies but it hath pleased God by his taking of tobacco 
perfectly (as we hope) to cure him : Good M r Parker of 
Boston (passing from Prudence Hand) at his comming on 
shoare on Secunck land, trod awry upon a stone or stick 
and fell downe and brake the small bone of his leg : he 
hath layen by of it all this winter, and the last weeke was 
caried to Boston in a horse litter : Some feares there were 

The Winlhrop Papers. 29 

of a Gangrene. But Sir I u§e too much bolclncs and pro- 
lixitie. 1 shall now only subscrie my selfe 

JToure unworthy friend R. W. 

Sir tnv loving respects to M 1 ' Stone, M r Lord, M 1 Allen 
M r Webster and other Loving Friends. 


Rev. John Davenport to John Winlhrop, Jr. 

To the Right Worship 11 John Winthrope Esq r Governo' of 
Connect acute these present in Hartford . 

Honoured Sir) 

John Palmer is not yet gone, whereby I have liberty 
to add a postcript to my former letter, upon new intelli- 
gence from Xichols of Boston, from Virginia, which I re- 
ceived after the inclosed was sealed. He saith that he came 
from Virginia, the 23 d of Jan. that there are 70 ships from 
England, which raiseth the price of Tobacco to 12 d p. pound 
that a few daies, before he came thence, there arrived some 
shipps from England, which came from thence, 6 weekes 
before, that is, in the beginning of 10 ber . These shipps bring 
word that the Parliament was then sitting, and matters in 
England were in peace. There is some confirmation of the 
report of the Lord Lamberts going forth with 20000 to meet 
General Monck from Scotland with 20000. The storie runs 
thus, in Sir Henry Mooches report sent in his letter from 
Virginia to an Englishman, a captaine at Manatoes. The 
presbvterians, in Scotland and England, flock much to 
General Munck, who now engageth himselfe for them, and 
theire interesse, and is come forth, upon that account, with 
the 'forementioned army, as farre as Worcester, whither 
General Lambert is gone, with his armie, to stopp his pro- 
ceedings. General Mountigue, it is said, is come to London, 
and complyeth well with the Parliament. Farewel. 

This afternoone the Captaine hath bene with the Gov- 
erno'', to excuse his not appearing at the Court of Magis- 
trates, by his former illnes in body, having a loosenes, with 

30 The Winthrop Papers. 

vomiting blood ; and his not sending his Atturney, by his 
want of one, his surgion would not, Phillip Scot would not, 
but he conceales that he who tooke the prize was in his 
ship, who was most fit to have bene sent to the Courte, and 
forgets to excuse his refusal to yeeld to a sequestration of 
M 1 ' Raymonds goodes, til the cause were tryed, though the 
Governo r sent the Marshall to him with a warrant, for that 
end, and sundry other things. The Governo r is almost 
overcome with his faire words. But he speekes not a word 
of submitting his cause to theyre tryal, yet seemes willing 
to leave M 1 ' Raymunds vessel, and goodes in the courts 
hands, for part of security, and to binde his 12 th part in the 
ship, for the other part of security (which is as none, be- 
cause it is not standing security) that he will have it tryed 
in England, within 12 moneths, if M r Raymund be bound 
and give security to prosecute against him-— What the issue 
will be, a litle time will shew. In the meane time, his 
spirit is somewhat lower, in shew, then it was. Againe 
fare w el. 

The 22 th d. of if 12 th m. 59. 

[Labelled, " M r Davenport rec ri Feb y 24." There is no signature to 
this letter, which was only an envelope to another. — J. B.] 


Rev. John Davenport to John Winthrop, Jr. 

To the Right Worship 11 and worthily much Honoured John 
Winthrope Esq r Governo r of Connectacute these p r sent 
in Hartford. 

Honoured Sir) 

Yours, dat d y e 27 th of this moneth, I received, by one 
of Farefield, whose name I know not, and in it an Alma- 
nack inclosed, for boath which I returne many thancks, and 
send inclosed a copie of a wrighting, which M r Atwater 
brought from the Raye, which I read with joy and thancks- 
giving unto God, beleiving it to be a true Narration of the 
state of things in England, and the last that is come to our 

The Winthrop Papers. 3 J 

hands. So that the other reports of Naylers being Gov- 
eraour of Bristow, and of the fight betweene General 
Munck and Lambert etc. I looke at as misreports. I hope 
also that the fight reported to have bene in London will not 
be found true, in all particulars, at least. I am sorry for 
your loss of M r Talcot, of whose decease I hoard, but not 
how his diseases were found to be incurable, til 1 read your 
letter, whereby it is most cleare to me that no art of man 
could cure him. I hope now that you will either receive 
\ our son safely arrived, in the next ship, from London, at 
Boston, or good newes from him. By tins time I am apt to 
thinck that a Parliament is assembled for the establishment 
of that great Coihonw. Mlth) upon sure foundacons of trueth 
and righteousnes, by the blessing of the most High, to 
whose grace, in Jesus Christ, with myne, my wifes, and 
sons humble services presented to you boath and affection- 
ate salutations to your daughters, I heartily comend your 
selfe, and all yours, resting in him 

yours ever obliged 

John Davenporte. 

JYewhaven if 29 //J of if V m. 1660. 

[Labelled, " AP Davenport."] 


Rev. John Davenport to John Winthrop, Jr. 

To the Right Worship 11 John Winthrope Esq r Governo r of 
Connectacute Colonie these present in Hartford. 

Honour' 1 Sir) 

Yesterday, JYP Gilbert, and Deacon Myles, brought unto 
me a letter, written by yourselfe to Sargeant Whitehead, 
about your house, which, it seemes, was an answer to a letter 
sent, by I know not whom, nor when, to yourselfe, in the 
name of the Townsmen, and with theyre consent, that they 
might purchase the house, for the use of the Towne. From 
brother Herrymans discourse with my wife I understand 
that himselfe and brother Wakeman had speech with you, to 

32 The Winthrop Papers. 

promove that motion. All this was done, and written, with- 
out my knowledge and my wifes and sonnes ; they did not, 
nor any from, or for them, make it knowne unto me, in the 
least, that such a letter or message should be sent unto 
you. Two of the brethren, who were not Townsmen spake 
with me formerly about theyre feare of losing the Gov- 
ernor for want of an house ; and propounded yours, con- 
cluding, from your owne wordes, that you would not dwell 
here, though if there had bene any ground of hope of the 
contrary, they would not have propounded it. This I add, 
that I may doe them right. My advise was that they 
would not send to you about it, and, to stay them from so 
doing, I told them that I heard you purposed to come hith- 
er shortly (For so Daniel your man had reported) and did 
thinck that they would waite for that. These things I thus 
particularly relate, that you may see that I had not the least 
hand in what they have done, nor consent to it, nor knowl- 
edge of it. When the 'forenamed shewed me your letter, and 
enquired what I would doe, in reference to the power and 
trust you was pleased to comit to me, about alienating your 
house ; I told them as I had said unto yourselfe before, that 
I must desire to be excused from acting in that buisenes, and 
did refuse it, and doe stil pray you to wave me in that im- 
ploym 1 , who shall in other things denie you nothing that I am 
fit to doe, if I may really pleasure you thereby. My son also 
hath refused to act in that matter. Had a letter bene 
brought to us to subscribe for inviting you to bring your 
familie, w T hen you shall finde a convenient time to come and 
dwell in your house, and the sooner the wellcomer et. we 
should have signed that with boath our handes. What is 
done I have not yet heard, therefore cannot give you ac- 
count of it. While I pawsed a litle, having written thus 
farr, I heare that the two mentioned in the first line have 
alienated your house. If it be so ; I am heartily sorry, that 
what we have so many yeares desired and hoped for, we 
shall be thus deprived of, viz your neighbourhood, which 
we doe highly value and therefore cannot but looke at our 
loss as exceeding greate. My wife received M rs Win- 
thropes loving token, the sugar loafe she was pleased to 
send her, for which she returneth her many thanckes, yet 
is sorry to have it from her, to whom she accounteth her- 

The IVinthrop Papers. 33 

selfe obliged otherwise rather to send unto her With myne, 
my wiles and sonnes humble services to you boath, and re- 
specti'ull and allectionate salutations to your d&tlghteFS, 
copending you boath and yours unto the everlasting armes, 
I rest, Sir, yours exceedingly obliged 

John Davenporte. 
The 5* d.of 1/ 2' m. 1660. 

We desire to receive some intelligence of your and M M 
Winthropes, etc. purpose of coming to us, whose house shall 
be as your owne, and you will much cheare us, if you say 
we shall injoy you here shortly. 

[Labelled, " M" Davenport about the sale of the house. 11 ] 


Rev. John Davenport to John IVinthrop, Jr. 

Honour' 1 Sir) 

I received yours, by brother Benham, whom God pre- 
served from being drowned, in his journey homeward. The 
River by M r Yales farme, was sw 7 olne high, his wife was 
fearfull of riding through it. God provided an helpe for her, 
at the instant, by a passenger, who travailed from Windsor 
to Branford, to M r Cranes, whose daughter he had marryed : 
he helped Sister Benham over a tree. But her husband 
adventuring to ride through, a foote of his horse slypped, 
so he fell into the water, and his horse, as he thincketh, fell 
upon him, or struck him with his foote ; for he had a blow 
on his head. But, through the mercy of God, is now well. 
This day, M r Attw r ater, being at our Lecture, speakes of a 
letter newly received from his wife, who wrightes her feares 
that she shall never see him againe, doubting that he was 
cast away, the last storme, whereby, she saith, sundry ves- 
sels about Boston have suffred much hurt; and some per- 
sons are cast away, and a ship also, if I mistake not, at 
Cape Cod. But God ordered things so, by his good prov- 
idence, that M r Atwater was then at New London, in a safe 
harbour. Even now, Capt. Hawtherne, and M r Richards, 

VOL. x. 5 

34 The Winthrop Papers. 

are come from the Dutch. They are gone into the Towne, 
to dispatch some buisenes, but will returne to supp and lodge 
at my house. I doe not yet know whether they purpose to 
returne to Boston, by land, or sea, yet prepare these lines, 
in omnem eventum, to send by them, if they goe by land, 
or by some other conveyance, if I can heare of any. Sir, I 
thanck you for my sight of M r Knowles his letter to M r Joanes. 
That which he speakes of a Parliament in Scotland, I can- 
not receive. For, I suppose England will not suffer it. I 
stil hope, that things in England are in an hopeful way. 
The Lord Jesus dwell with you in peace ! Myne, my 
wifes and sons humble services are affectionately presented 
to yourselfe and M rs Winthrope, with our salutations to your 
daughters. Having other letters to wright, in answer to 
freinds in the Bay, I am compelled to take off my pen ; 
but shall alwaies remaine 

Sir, yours exceedingly obliged 

John Davenporte. 

JYewhaven f \Z th of if 2 d 1660. 

M r Price of Salem, and his wife, present theyre services 
to yourselfe and M rs Winthrope, in a letter brought to me 
by Major Hawtherne. They are importunately desirous to 
stay M r Higgenson with them at Salem for continuance, 
and in way of office. 

[Labelled, " M r Davenport." Superscription gone.] 


Rev. John Davenport to John Winthrop, Jr. 

To the Right Worship 11 John Winthrope Esq r Governo r of 
Connectacute-Colonie these present in Hartford. 

Honoured Sir) 

This is the first opportunity presented to me of returning 
an answer to the 2 last letters I received from you. Broth- 
er Benham indeed (whose good, and sweete spirited wife, 
the Lord hath taken from him, since his returne, and a 

The lllnlhrop Papers. 35 

young childe of one of his sons is since dead, in his house, 
where also one of his sons wife lyeth very weake) he went 
to Hartford, but gave me no notice of it before, that I might 
prepare a letter for him. Brother My les, at his returae from 

the Baye, comforted us with hopes of your recovering 
strength. For he told us that you looked better, when he 
returned, then you did, when he went to the Baye. Our 
desire is fervent to see you and M rs Winthrope here, by the 
will of God, as soone as may be. I hope, the change of 
aire would hasten your recovery, and the perfecting of your 
strength, by the blessing of God. For we are by the sea- 
side, and my house shall be as your owne, for your use. 
And to us it will be a singular refreshment and content- 
ment to injoy your presence and abode with us, as long as 
your occasions will permit. Be pleased to accept this 
serious and hearty invitation, and to answer it really, in 
coming to us, and staying with us, that you may be re- 
freshed with the sea aire, and we with your sweete and 
much desired fellowship. If you feare that you shall bur- 
then us ; be assured of the contrary, that we shall looke at 
it as a real testimony of your love and confidence in us and 
in our love, which is unfeigned toward you boath, and all 
yours, and as a most acceptable gratification of our earnest 
desire to injoy you with us as long as we may. My selfe, 
my wife, and son had bene with you, before this time, if I 
durst have adventured upon such a journey, which yet I 
should have done, though with some hazzard, if my com- 
ing might have bene of any necessary beneficial use to you. 
One day, in the spring, I rode forth with our Governor, to 
stirr my body and take the aire, but when I returned home, 
though we had bene out but an houre or two, my urine 
grew so high coloured, that my wife thought it was bloody, 
and hath ever since continued very high coloured, and many 
times she observes a black settlement in it. I have bene, 
for above a fourtnight, costive, though not wholly without 
stooles, but once in 2 daies, at least, and, of late, once ev- 
ery day I doe some what at the stoole — Dejectio quidem 
pauca est, et cum difricultate quandoque etiam cum inani 
conatu egerendi quam tenesimum nuncupant medici. I am 
daily, at least every morning, til I have breakfasted, troubled 
with a paine at the bottom of my belly, most usually on the 


36 The Winthrop Papers. 

left side, and at other times also, after walking, jet my ap- 
petite and digestion are good, considering the season. For 
hot weather weakens, and almost prostrates my spirits, 
when it is extreme. My wife also hath bene weake in 
her spirits, and weake stomached. Yesterday, about an 
houre before sunset, she tooke 6 grains of the rubila, and 
had 3 vomits and one stoole, and both is better and lookes 
better, this day, by Gods blessing upon the meanes. Yet 
she spitteth, all this day, more then formerly, white frothy 
matter, and is weakish in her spirits and not well in her 
head, and hath bene very thirsty the most part of this day. 
She had an earnest desire to have made a journey to visit 
you, but could not effect it. Sir, I humbly thanck you for 
the Intelligence I received in your letters, and for the 2 
weekly Intelligences, which Brother Myles brought me, I 
thinck, from your selfe, and which I returne inclosed, by this 
bearer, with many thancks. I did hope that we might have 
received our letters by Capt. Pierse, before this time. But 
we have no newes lately from the Baye. Brother Rutter- 
ford, and Brother Alsup are boath there, so also is our 
Teacher, M r Streete. The 2 former, I hope, will returne, 
some time the next weeke. Then probably we shall have 
some further newes. The Lord fitt us to receive it, as we 
ought, what ever it may be ! 

Sir) I long to learne of your perfect recovery of health 
and strength, and to understand from you, that your pur- 
pose is to be with us shortly, and when we may expect 
your coming to us, with M rs Winthrope etc. 

In the meane time, and ever, the Lord Jesus dwell with 
you, in mercy, and peace, and loving kindnesses ! In whom 
I rest 

Sir) yours exceedingly obliged 

John Davenport. 

JYewhaven f 20' A of y e 5 th 1660. 

[Labelled, " M r Davenport July 20." The " weekly Intelligences " 
spoken of above are probably the London Intelligencer, a Parliamentary 
paper, of which a copy for a year is in'the Athenaeum. — J. B.] 

The Winthrop Papers. 37 


Rev. John Davenport to John Wtnthrop, Jr. 

To the Right Worship" John Winthrope Esq' Governo' of 
Conectacute, these present at Hartford. 

Honoured Sir) 

I received a former letter from you, by M r Bishop, who, 
in his returne from your parts hitherward, tooke a wrong 
path twise and was so bewildred that he lost his way, from 
Wethersfield, and lay in the woods, in a very cold night, 
and came not to us, til the last day of the weeke towards 
noone. But, I hope, he hath no hurte, but is returned in 
safety and health, by the mercy of God to his family. I 
will not now trouble you with the reasons of my returning 
those papers unto you, but accept, thanckfully your freindly 
admonition, for the future, not to erre againe, on that hand. 
We boath pray you to accept our hearty thancks for your 
supplies of Rubila, both then, and now againe, by this 
bearer. The report is true which you have heard of much 
sicknes in this towne and the Farmes about it. The Lord 
be merciful to his people and rebuke our distempers, and 
sanctifie his afflicting hand to them and us all. It is true 
also that M r Pierse is come. Brother Rutterford also and 
Brother Alsop are come to us, and have brought with them 
our Teacher whose deare wife, and our much beloved sister 
the most High hath taken to himselfe, both from him and 
us. She was buried the day before his arrival. They have 
also brought M l Joanes, and his wife, M r3 Hannah Eaton, 
and her infant, with 2 sons of his, by a former wife, and 2 
servants &.c. They have declared themselves to be unsat- 
isfved with brother Yales selling away sundry things in the 
house, and with his agreement with M r Hill about the di- 
vision made of I\I r Eatons estate. Some discouragement 
seemes to be upon theyre spirits concerning theyre settling 
here, yet they are buisyed about disposing the goods they 
have brought with them and accomodating theyre dwell- 
ing in the house. Time will shew what theyre future res- 
olution will be. Edmond is come, who presenteth his 
humble service to your selfe and to M rs Winthrope. He 

38 The Winthrop Papers. 

found out your son, who is Captaine of a Troope of horse 
in Colonel Reades regiment, whom he also saw, upon the 
Exchange. Your son is well recovered, by the mercy of 
God, from the small poxe. He was with him againe, the 
day before his coming away, by his bed side, and brought 
letters from him to your selfe &c which he gave to M r Amos 
Richardson, at his desire, purposing, as he said, a journey 
to New London, where he was to meete with you. But, 
when Edmund saw that he went not, but stayed above a 
weeke, Edmond, being to come for N. Haven, desired him 
to lett him have the letters againe, that he might bring them 
unto you more speedily then, he suspected, they would be 
handed to you, by M r A. R. But he utterly refused to let 
Edm. have them. So they remaine stil in his hands. Con- 
cerning M r Peters I heare litle, onely from brother Hooke, 
that the lord Craven waytes hopefully for the restitucon of 
his lands, wherein, he saith, M r Peters hath a share, he is 
of kihe to Monck, and sometimes dineth with him. Your 
son told Edmond that he purposeth to returne for N. E. the 
next yeare. My brother Hooke is valetudinarious, having 
bene afflicted with a very greate fluxe of Rheume, accom- 
panied with an Erisipilus unto danger of death ; he hath 
stil an ill stomach, and spleenish distempers. His wife also 
hath her bodily infirmities. He hath prevailed with a kins- 
man of yours to wright unto you the story of these late 
years in Engl, whom he comends for a great wit, parts, and 
copious language, and choise for Intelligence &,c. His let- 
ter I send inclosed, with some others, and one from M r 
Hartlib, who thinckes you live in this plantacon, and hath 
sent a large wrighting unsealed, that I might, peruse it, 
which though I want time to read over, I choose rather 
to send it to you, then to detaine it. He hath sent also 
sundry wrightings, and bookes, some to your selfe, some to 
me. But I cannot heare of them, in the pinnases, which 
makes me doubt, they are stayed in the Bay, at M r Ushers, 
which I the rather suspect, because M r Hartlib, and brother 
Hooke certifie me that M r Drury also hath sent some papers 
and bookes to the 2 Teaching Elders at Boston, and to me. 
If it shall please you to employ M r A. R. therein, he will in- 
quire of M r Usher, and procure them to be conveyed to 
your selfe, and myne, by your helpe, to me. Many things 

The JVinthrop Papers. 39 

I mi^ht add, which it would be too tiudious to wright, and 
would be more fittly coinunicated to you, if we might injoy 
your much desired presence here. The 2 gentlemen of 
greate qualitie arrived in the Baye, are Colonel Whaley, and 
his son in law, Lieutenant Colonel Goffe. I hope to see 
them here, after the Comissioners are gone, if not before. 
I might hope to see them before, upon my letter, but I 
defer that, on purpose, that your chamber may be free for 
your reception and M™ Winthropes, when the Comissioners 
meete. I must now breake off, rather than conclude, with 
myne, my wifes, and sons humble services presented to 
yourselfe and M" Winthrope, and our prayers for all good 
to you boath and yours, remayning 

Sir, yours exceeding obliged 

John Davenporte. 

JYewhaven if \V h d. of the 6 th m. 1660. 

. [On a little piece of paper wafered to the side of the letter, Mr. Dav- 
enport adds this note : — ] 

Sir, I mistooke, in my letter, when I said, Colonel Wha- 
lye was one of the gentlemen &c. It is Comissary Gen- 
erall Whaley, sister Hookes brother, and his son in law who 
is with him, is Colonel Goffe ; boath godly men, and es- 
caped pursute in Engl, narrowly. 

Etiam atque etiam vale. 

[Endorsed by Governor Winthrop, " M' Davenport. Aug. 11. 1660. 
Papers from M* Hartlib &c. and the papers about Wethersfeild church. "] 


Roger Williams to John Winthrop, Jr. 

To my honoured kind friend M r Winthrop Governour of Co- 
necticut — these presents. 

Providence 8 : 7. 60 (so calld). 
Sir — A sudden warning gives me but time of this ab- 
rupt salutation to youre kind selfe and M™ Winthrop, wish- 
ing you peace. I promised to a Neighbour, a former ser- 

40 The Winthrop Papers. 

vant of your Fathers, (Joshua Windsor) to write a line on 
his behalfe, and at his desire, unto you : His prayer to you 
is that when you travell toward Boston you would please 
to come by Providence, and spare one houre to heale an old 
sore, a controversie betweene him and most of his neigh- 
bours (in which I am apt to thinck he hath suffered some 
wrong : He hath promised to submit to youre sentence : 
His opposite, one James Ashton (being desired by me to 
nominate allso) he resolves allso to submit to youre sen- 
tence, which will concerne more will and stomach then 
dammage, for the matter only concernes a few poles of 
ground wherein Joshua hath cried out of wrong these many 
yeares : I hope Sir the blessed Lord will make you a 
blessed instrument of chiding the winds and seas and I 
shall rejoice in youre presence amongst us. There are 
greater ulcers in my thoughts at present, which I feare are 
incurable, and that it hath pleased the most wise and most 
High to passe an irrevocable sentence of amputations and 
cauterizations upon the poore Protestant partie : the clouds 
gather mighty fast and thick upon our heads from all the 
popish quarters: It hath pleased the Lord to glad the 
Romish conclave with the departure of those 2 mighty bul- 
warks of the protestant Oliver and Gustavus; to unite (I 
thinck by this time) all the Catholike Kings and Princes, 
for Portugal was like very like of late to returne to the 
yoake of Spaine, whose treasure from the Indies, it hath 
pleased God to send home, so wonderfully great and rich 
this yeare, that I cannot but feare the Lord hath some 
mighty worck to effect with it : We know the Catholick 
King was in debt, but he now over flowes with millions 
which God is most like to expend against the protestants 
or the Turks the 2 great enemies (the sword fish and the 
thrasher) against the popish Leviathan : The presbiteri- 
an party in England and Scotland is yet very like to make 
some strugle against the popish invasions and yet in the 
end I feare (as long I have feared and long since told Oli- 
ver, to which he much inclined) the bloudie whore is not 
yet drnnck enough with the bloud of the Saintes and wit- 
nesses of Jesus : One Cordiall is (amongst so many the 
mercifull Lord hath provided) that that whore will shortly 
appeare so extreamely loathsome, in her drunckennes, 

The Winthrop Papers. 4 1 

bestialities £cc that her bewitched paramours will teare her 
flesh and burne her with lire unquenchable : Here is a 

sound that Fairfax and about ^00 of the House; with him, 
differ with die King : die merciful] Lord lit us to heare and 
feele more : It is a very thick and dreadfull mist and 
swampe, with which the Lord hath a great while suffered 
ustolaboure in. as hoping to wade out, breake through and 
escape shipwrack : In Richard Protector's parliament 
they fell into :> Tactions presently, Royalists, Protectorians 
(which were most Presbiterian and carried it) and com- 
monwealths men. The Presbiterians (when (Jen 1 Monck 
brought in the secluded members caried it againe (of late) 
clearly (and so vigourously against the Papists that stricter 
Jawes then ever) there must surely then be great flames 
before the King can accomplish his engagements to the 
popish partie. 

You know well Sir at sea, the first entertainment of a 
storme is, with, downe with top sailes : The Lord merci- 
fully helpe us to loare, and make us truly more and more 
low, humble, contented, thanckfull for the least crums of 
mercie : But the storme increaseth, and trying with our 
mainsayles and misens will not doe, we must therefore 
humbly beg patience from the Father of lights and God of 
all mercies to lye at hull, in hope : It was a motto in one 
of the late parliaments (Cornets, under a show'r of bloud, 
Transibit. Sir my Neighbour M" Scot is come from Eng- 
land and what the whip at Boston could not doe, converse 
with friends in England and their arguments have in a great 
measure drawne her from the Quakers, and wholy from 
their meetings : Try the spirits ; there are many abroad, and 
must be, but the Lord will be glorious in plucking up, 
whatever his holy hand hath not planted : My brother 
runs strongly to Origens notion of Universall mercy at last, 
against an eternall sentence — Our times will call upon us 
for through discussions : the fire is like to try us : It is a 
wonderfull mercy the Barbarians are yet so quiet : A 
partie of our neighboures are just now come home, re in- 
fecta : The Monhiggins would not sallie and the Nanhigg 
would not spoile the corne, for feare of offending the Eng- 
lish : The Lord mercifully guide the councells of the Com- 
missioners : M r Arnold, M r Brenton and others strugle 

VOT.. X. 6 

42 The Winthrop Papers. 

against your interest at Narriganset ; but I hope your pres- 
ence might doe much good amongst us in a few dayes — 
Sir I am 

Unworthy, yours R. W. 

[Labelled, " Rec d Ocf 2. 1660."] 


Rev. John Davenport to John Winthrop, Jr. 

To the Right Worship 11 John Winthrope Esq r Governour of 
Connectacute Colonie, these present at Hartford. 

Honour d Sir) 

Though I am, at present, in preparacon for the lecture, 
to morrow, yet having newly received a letter from Capt. 
Clarke, and hearing that one at the ordinary purposeth a 
journey towards the Baye, in the morning, who, I suppose, 
will goe by Hartford, I make bold to send you the Intelligence 
which I receive from England, by way of Newfoundland, 
to the middle of July, which informes, that those who were 
of the High Court of justice and condemned the former 
King, theyre estates are confiscate, 20 of them imprisoned, 
three of them like to die, viz. Jones, Harrison, and Say (if 
I doe not misreade) and that D r Goodwin, M r Nie, and 
M r Peters, are in prison, and likely to lose theyre lives, and 
that there is a consultacon to settle church discipline, in a 
way of joyning Episcopacy and Presbytery, by agreement 
that each Bishop in his Diocess shall have a select number 
of presbyters joyned with him, the cornon prayer to be es- 
tablished, but with some alteracons : some ceremonies to be 
left indifferent ; as bowing at the name of Jesus, the sur- 
pliss, cross in Baptisme &c. That good men are under 
some sufferings, many being turned out of theyre places : 
but greater things feared : Spaine like to make peace : 
France like to differ. The good Lord prepare his people, 
in Old England, and New, for what they and we may ex- 
pect, and, in the meane time, give us hearts to sympathize 
with afflicted Joseph ! We, at Newhaven, are stil under 
Gods afflicting hand. The good Lord sanctifie it, to us all ! 

The Winthrop Papers. 43 

Our Governo 1 stil continues vevy weake, eates litle, and ill 
digests what he eates, is ill after it, yet, til he takes some- 
thing, Andes a gnawing at his stomach, is comonly coldish. 
Once he tooke the Rubila, but finding himself sundrie times 

ready to faint away, hath not bene willing to take it againe, 
nor his wife that he should, though we perswaded and en- 
couraged him thereunto. I feare what the issue may be, if 

some better course be not taken for his recovery then 
[ Al Augur*] prescribes. Also our Teacher is very sick. 
The last lecture day, he purposed to preach, though he 
found an Aguish distemper, the day before, and continued 
in that purpose til the 2 d drume, but then was compelled to 
take his bed. So there was no sermon. Afterward he 
hoped that it would be a quotidian, and leave him at the 
4 lh fitt, as it did here, in the spring, and, once before, at 
Milford. But it is plainly the disease, and he hath after his 
cold a burning, without sweate, and was very ill with it, this 
day. He is also troubled with detention of his urine, and 
when he voided it, it was sharpe and hot. I much feare 
what the issue will be. I persuaded him, what I could, to 
take the Rubila, but doe not finde him inclinable, though 
he is burthened in his stomach. He slept not, the last 
night, and had a burning fit, this afternoone, he takes very 
litle of any thing, and desires litle or nothing. My wife 
made some things, for him, he tooke a litle of it. Upon 
drincking some beere from the ordinary which was harsh and 
soure, he fell into a vomiting, which brought up much yel- 
low stuflfe, yesterday. The good Lord direct to the meanes, 
which he will bless for his recovery ! M r Jones tooke the 
Rubila 4 times and followed your other directions, and is, 
by the blessing of God, in an hopefull way. His fittes, he 
thincks, have left him, though some grudgings he findes 
hanging about him he doth not know of my wrighting, at 
this time. I believe, M r Jones himselfe will wright to you, 
when he findes himselfe able. And I am persuaded that 
your advise will prevaile with our Governour to take what 
course you may please to prescribe. He knoweth not of 
my wrighting at this time, because my letter is now to be 
sent away, the messenger being to be gone, betimes, in the 

* Erased by Governor Winthrop. — J. B. 

44 The Winthrop Papers. 

morning. The Lord Jesus dwell with you and yours in 
mercy and peace and loving kindnesses ! With our humble 
service to yourselfe and M rs Winthrope, and our loving sal- 
utations to all your branches, my wife, and son joyning with 
me therein, I rest 

Yours exceedingly obliged 

John Davenporte. 
JYewhaven f \T h d. of f 8 th m. 1660. 

We heare that M r Paine and M r Web are boath dead. 

[Labelled, " M L Davenport — Oct r 17. 1660."] 


Rev. John Davenport to John Winthrop, Jr. 

To the Right Worshipfull John Winthrop Esq r Governor 
of Connectacute Colonie, these present in * 

Hon d Sir — I perceive, you have received from others 
the sad intelligence of the decease of our Hon d Governor,t 
my very deare and precious freind. We hoped that he was 
in a good way of recovery from his former sicknes, and 
were comforted with his presence in the publick Assembly, 
2 Lords daies, and at one meeting of the church one a 
weeke day, without any sensible inconvenience. And on 
the morning of the day of publick Thanksgiving, he found 
himselfe encouraged to come to the publick Assembly. 
But, after the morning sermon, he told me that he found 
himselfe exceeding cold from head to toe, yet, having dined, 
he was refreshed, and came to the meeting againe, in the 
afternoone, the day continuing very cold. That night he 
was very ill, yet he did not complaine of any relapse into 
his former disease, but of inward cold, which he and we 
hoped might be removed by his keeping warme and using 
other suitable meanes. I believe, he did not thinck that 
the time of his departure was so neare, or that he should 

* Torn off, but Hartford is supplied below. — J. B. 
t Governor Francis Newman. — J. B. 

The WlrUhrop Papers. 45 

die of this distemper, tho' lie was alwaies prepared for his 
greate change. The last day of the weake, he desired my 

son to come to him the next morning, to w right a hill lor him 
to he praied for, according to his direction my son went 
to him, alter the beating of the first drum, hut finding him- 
selfe not lit to speake much, he praied him to wright for 
him what he thought fit. When the 2' 1 drum beate, I was 
sent tor to him. Hut, before I came, tho' I made hast, his 
precious immortal soul was departed, from its house of clay, 
unto the souls of just men made perfect. We were not wor- 
thy of him, a true Nathaniel, an Israelite indeed; who served 
God, in Christ, in sincerity and trueth. He honored God 
in his personal conversacon, and in his Administration of 
Cheif Magistrate in this Colonic. And God hath given 
him honour in the hearts of his people. My losse and my 
sons, who tooke great contentment in his company, as he 
also did in his, is very great, and our greife answerable. 
But the publick losse is farr greater, and answ T erably it is 
generally bewailed, God recompensing his faithfulnes with 
his living desired and dying lamented. It becomes us to lay 
our hands upon our mouthes, yea, to put our mouthes in 
the dust, rem em bring whose doing this is, yet, in respect 
of meanes, I could wish 2 things. 1. that, in his former 
sicknes, he had wholly and onely followed your directions. 
2. that, he had forborne coming forth, that cold day. But 
Gods counsailes shall stand, whose will is the 1 st and best 
cause of all things, and the very errours of men shall serve 
to accomplish his purposes, who is holy in all his waies, and 
righteous in all his workes. Sir, what I wrote, in my 
former, concerning M rs Coghen, I had from Anth. Elcock, 
who received it in the Baye, viz. that she was discontented 
that she had no suitours, and that she had encouraged her 
Farmer, a meane man, to make a motion to her for mar- 
riage, which accordingly he propounded, prosecuted and 
proceeded in it so farr that, afterwards, when she reflected 
upon what she had done, and what a change of her out- 
ward condition she was bringing herselfe into, she grew 
discontented, despaired, and tooke a great quantity of ratts 
bane, and so died : Fides sit penes Authorem. Sir, I 
humbly thanck you for the intelligence you was pleased to 
give me of an opportunity of transmitting a letter for Lon- 

46 The Winthrop Papers. 

don, which is a thing that I earnestly desire, and doe make 
bold to commit it to your owne care, seing you are pleased 
to give me that liberty, and hearing that the vessel is yet at 
Hartford. The letter is of greate importance, the safe and 
speedy handing of it to M r Robb. Newman will be a reall 
advantage to me, and the miscarrying of it, no small disad- 
vantage. In which respect, if you conceive, it will be more 
speedily and certainly conveyed to him by this way then by 
the ship at Boston ; I desire it may be sent accordingly 
with the more strong engagement for committing it to a sure 
hand at Barbadoes, to be delivered to M r Newman, in Lon- 
don, as the matter is of more consequence ; that an answer 
may be returned from him by the 1 st ship from London to 
Boston, in the Spring. Having thus opened the case, I 
crave leave to commit it wholly to yourselfe to take that 
course with it, which you shall judge most suitable. I shall 
not adde, but myne, my wifes, and sons humble services to 
yourselfe and M rs Winthrope, with our respectful and affec- 
tionate saiutacon to your son and daughters, praying the 
Lord to continue your life unto them, and they res unto you, 
and to multiplye his favours and blessings upon you and 
them, through Jesus Christ ! In whom I rest, 
Sir, yours ever obliged 

John Davenporte. 

Newhaven y e 21 th d. of y e 9 th m. 1660. 

The miscarriage of a letter, which I formerly sent to Lon- 
don, by way of Barbadoes makes me so desirous that this 
may not miscarry. 

My wife heares by one, in this Towne, that a D 1 ' of physic 
in England saith that conserve of Rue will hinder propaga- 
con of children — She desires to understand your judge- 
ment concerning it. 

[Labelled, " M r Davenport about M r Newman's death — rec d Novem- 
ber 28. 1660." ] 

The IVinlhroj) Papers. 47 


Henry Oldenburg to John Winlhrop^ Jr. 

For his much honored friend M 1 John Winthorp Gouernor 
of Connectecut, recommended to I\I r John Richards at 
Boston marchand, or M r Amos Richardson marchand, or 

M r Hezekia Usher Bookseller in New England, at. Bos- 


I am herew tb to acquaint you, y' ye Royall Society, where- 
of you are so worthy a member, Judging it very conduciue to 
their dessein, to bespeake and engage all sorts of intelligent 
and publike-spirited men, to contribute, what they can, to 
so Noble and Uselull a Work, as they haue vndertaken : 
And it being a great part of their Province, to make Celes- 
tiall Observaons, for ye perfecting of Astronomy, Cosmog- 
raphy and Xavigaon ; and there being, among other Astro- 
nomicall Desiderata, wanting accurate Tables of ye Motions 
of Mercury ; ye s 1 Society hath thought good to recom- 
mend to ye Virtuosi of ye severall parts of ye World y l Ob- 
servaon of ye s' 1 Planets Conjunction w th ye Sun, w ch , 
according to our best Calculaon, will happen here in Eng- 
land about London on ye 25 th Octob. of this present year, 
in its central Ingresse hor. 4. 32]'; True Conjunction, hor. 
7. 6 ; ; Midle, h. 7. 11"; Centrall Egresse h. 9. 49 V. So 
y l ye whole duration of the Center of § w ,h in the visible 
Periphery of ye O is hor. 5. 17'. and ye distance of their 
Centers at ye midle of ye Eclipse 3'. 31". according to 
M r Street. 

The R. Society being persuaded both of y r ability and 
willingnes to make such Observaons, and not doubting, but 
y l you are furnish t w tb instrum ,s necessary for it, haue com- 
manded me to desire you, to obserue w tb all possible exact- 
nesse the mention'd Conjunction, and to acquaint them w' h 
y r performances therein. 

If y r Generousnes invite you to adde hereunto, what in 
and about y r Contry occurrs considerable for the Inriching 
of ye History of Nature (whose Composure is one of ye 
maine things, they haue in their Eye) it will be a good ser- 

48 The Winthrop Papers. 

vice to ye Commonwealth of learning, and a thing highly 
acceptable to ye Society ; who haue lately receiued an ex- 
cellent account from ye East-Indies upon such Queries, as 
they formerly sent thither, together w lh a Noble present of 
some of ye rarest curiosities of y l part of ye world ; amongst 
w ch there are, a skin of a young Rinoceros, and the strange 
teeth of an old Rinoceros ; as also a very precious stone, 
taken out of ye head of a snake, said positively by ye Pre- 
senter himselfe (w ch is S r Philiberto Vernatti, residing at 
Batavia) y l being laid vpon ye wound, made by any Ven- 
omous creature, draws out ye poison, and being cast into 
milk turnes it blew by discharging its poison therein ; 
whereupon it is to be applyed again to ye wound, so long 
and often, till it be cleansed. Besides, there is a very 
odde piece of wood, naturally smelling like human Ex- 
cremt, used by ye Natiues agst evill Spirits and Incantaons ; 
and w th all some oyle like oyle of Camphir in smell and 
taste, but drawne out of ye root of a Cinamon-tree. I passe 
by ye Petra di porco, celebrated to be better than ye best 
Bezoar ; it. Cochin-china Birds-nests etc. because I should 
be too prolixe, if I should particularize and enlarge vpon 
all. You see hereby, Sir, y l our Society hath gotten a 
name and interest in ye remote East-Indies ; I doubt not, 
but by your means they will root y m selves likewise in a 
great part of ye West-Indies, and receiue by y r procuremt 
ye chief rarities, w ch those part can afford ; and in confi- 
dence hereof I remaine 

Sir Y r humble and most affectionat Servant 

H. Oldenburg Soc. Reg. Seer. 

London Aug. 3. 1664. 

S r , Remember, I intreat you, ye History of New Eng- 
land, begun by y r worthy Father, and continued by y r self ; 
and forget by no means the matter of mines, of Tydes, of 
Currents of ye Seas, of making Salt in y r compendious and 
cheap way. These things well accounted of to our Society, 
will set you very high in their esteem, to my knowledge. 

[Labelled, " M r Henry Oldenburg — rec d Decemb: 12 1664."] 

The Winthrop Papers. 49 


Samuel Hutchinson to John Hlnl/wop, Jr. 
To John Wintrop Esq r att Now Lond In New England. 

M r John Wintrop 

Sir — Having this opertunyty by way of New Yorke, in 
a ship of S. George Cartrets bound for New Jersy how 
cans Capt. Cartret the Governor, I know yor wonted 
costom to all strangers, not to let them lacke any Asistance 
or Advice you cane give them, Yor experyance in those 
parts being much, may doe him servis and yor selfe noe 
predgedis, Butt as you will heare, thar will be a greater 
obligatyon then ordenary, to the Honerab 11 Sir Georg Cart- 
rett and Capt. Phillip Cartret now Governer of New Jersy. 
As I shall tell you, Consenting the Irons for the salt work 
you may rembcr you went out of England soe sodingly 
and my self being in the Contry tooke noe leave of you, 
nor came to any Conclutyon aboutt the worcke, I ondly 
promasing that if I made use of that way you shold be 
conserned with me. I think you will find I have fuly per- 
formed my word, And the ffrenes of S r Georg and the 
Capt. in the same is worth tacking notes of, Altho I doe 
not qestyon your deserts may meritt more, you will find 
what your proportyon is by the enclosed Copey of Artickles, 
for my part I have not prompt upon the conserned with any 
great hopes of such exterordenary advantegis, as youer and 
my resons did lead us to beleve or conseve, this I have 
onldly asured them as in the artickels you will find that if 
Capt Cartrett mislickes after he corns into the contry I 
will tacke them of at the same rate, this I shall tell you as 
to mater of the Irons, I have twise the encorigement sens I 
had them home then I had before when we ondly discorsed 
of them. My other letters with the Irons will sone folow 
thes, Soe I remaine, 

Yours to Comand 

Sam Hutchinson. 

London 14 ffebnje 1664 | ent (4). 

[Labelled, "M 1 Sam. Hutchenson — rec' 1 July 4. 1605."] 
vol. x. 7 

50 The Winthrop Papers. 


Samuel Hutchinson to John Winthrop, Jr. 

To M r John Wintrop att New London thes pst. 

London 20 of Fehry 1664. 

Sir — In my last I left out the pertickelars of what I 
have observed more in the uese of the Irons for the salt 
worke. I doe not meane the long Irons you so much de- 
sired for the evaporating, those you know the best way of 
uesing but I shall give you my opinion as to that also, that 
I observed is of the fouer quarter congeling panes, that we 
entending to joyne to gether with plates of Iron, which 
wold have bin trubelsom and chargabell, neather cold they 
have bin made soe large, as this way I ame about to tel you, 
ferst observe thare hath bin many boyling vesels, the uper 
worke made of wood, then you have some brewers colers 
made of woode and kepe very thite, if you emagin the 
heate of the iron will borne the wood I conseve not as long 
as any water is in them, you may chose whether you lett 
the woode tuch or not, you may joyne them with som kind 
of sement that will enduer water, thare is a good sement 
made with pich new worte and sand, lett the pich be meltid 
then pore in sand by degres, tell it be very thick, the way 
of laying it one or stopin holes must be with a hott iron, 
but you may not nead any of this if you macke a good bead 
of clay, what thicknes you thinck fitt that you may have 
rome for the fier to play under the irons Lett the clay be 
well stamped and beate together, then place your irons at 
the fouer corners at what distance you please the frame of 
planck in the midell made as thite as you cane stamped 
downe in the clay, then yor worcke is done, it cannot leake 
much throw the clay and the liquer is not soe presious, but 
I beleve you may kepe it from leacking at all. 

If you sett the quarters at very greate distance, I sopose 
you will want fier to be made under all the Irons, but when 
thay are up you may trey if macking fier ondly at the two 
cros corners, wold not be heate sufishant, if soe then you 
may make the other two corners up with wood, Soe that 

The Winthrop Papers. 51 

two Irons, will make one pane, 1 have also sent soni plain 
irons that oiully are for the midell and all the sides and 
fcother part of the hotoni to he made of woode, I (jiiestyon 
not hut you will find out the most eonvenvant for them 
I ondly give you my one judgment. 

As for the preparing of the brine I conseve if dige holes 
or pondes in the grownd for tin; water to stand in — In the 
somer it will evaporat more then upon the irons — Capt 
Cartret hath brought over sondry (French men that know the 
making of salt in (France, Soe suerly if they make salt in 
that fashin, we may make brine that wave. 

1 arne pretey well satisfyed that thare may be good done 
in the salt busines, therfor as I have provided for you in 
this, if you goe forward yor self or sett any other person 
upon it you wold doe the licke for me, if you goe yo r self 
to New Jersy, I desier you to view the plantatyons and if 
you pich upon a good track of Land, send me word how 
it leyes, for Sir George promasis me what in reson I can 
desier thare, and advise the salt worke to be set up in that 
place if eonvenvant, if you provide wht ocke [icliite oak] pip 
staves I doe conseve thay may be a comodety in New 
England sondry ships will com to Lode stave for Canarys 
and other Hands, I shall not omit other opertunytys but re- 
mane Sam Hutchinson. 

Note the woode uese must be sesoned and without sap. 

[Labelled, " M r Sam. Hutchinson — rec d July 4. 1665."] 


Philip Carteret to John JVinthrop, Jr. 

For my honoured ffreind John Winthropp Esq r at New 
London New England. 

JYcwportes vetoes, Virginia, 13" Junij 1665. 
Honor' 1 Sir — 

Findeing the opportunity by this vessell bound for New 
Yorke, to send you some letters which I brought out of 

52 The Winthrop Papers. 

England, I thought it convenient to send them to you knowe- 
ing the sooner they come to your hands the better : I 
suppose that by them you will understand that M r Hutchin- 
son hath sould unto Sir George Carteret and mysefe | ds of a 
salt worke and pottash worke which was formerly contrived 
by you. Allso it is agreed by M r Hutchinson and us that 
for the care you tooke then and the advice you will please 
to lend us for the future, that you shall the r 6 parte of the 
proffitt, for I hope they are arrived ere this time being shipt 
aboard of a shipp that was to come to Pescadoe for masts 
for the King. This being all at present hopeing (winde and 
weather permitting) to be at New Yorke in 5 or six dayes 
hence, I am 

Sir, your humble servant 

Ph Carteret. 

Sir — If you please to doe me the favour to let mee heare 
from you direct your Letter to Cap" James Bullaigne in 
New Yorke. 

[Labelled, " Capt. Philip Carteret rec d July 4. 1665." Under the su- 
perscription are the words, " rec'd June 20" ; probably written by the 
person who forwarded the letter from New York. — J. B.] 


John Winthrop, Jr., to Philip Carteret. 

To Capt Phillip Carteret at New York. 

Hartford July 18. 1665. 
Hon d Sir — 

I had the favour of your conveyance of some letters from 
M r Samuel Hutchinson in a letter of June 13. from Virginia 
declaring a purpose of coming for New York within a short 
time after, and have thither directed these for that time to 
congratulate your arrival there. In your letter, there is 
mention of | ds of a salt work sold by M r Hutchinson I 
suppose it may be meant and some cast irons that should be 
used about such a worke, for I heare that such irons were 

The IVinthrop Papers. 53 

sent by him in a ship that came for masts and were landed 
at Boston : and M 1 Hutchinson, in those his letters mentions 
irons but no particulars [f he means those he had cast in 
England before I came thence, if there be only those they 
are not y no Ugh by much for a worke that should produce 
quantity worth considering. They should have served for 
a trial of a new invention in England, which had been 

necessarv before any great charges was way but 

time and opportunity failed, and such stock, as should have 
been for expenses in the trial of it could not then be pro- 
cured. I knew nothing of any intention of M r Hutchinson 
to set up such works in these parts of the world — He men- 
tions now New Jarsy, which is a place I know not nor have 
ever heard where it is — it would be good to consider the 
convenience of the place for that commodity and for the 
vending of it before expenses be laid out — They bring 
great quantities of salt from the isle of May Sal Salt Turtu- 
gas and many places in West Indies where they have it for 
nothing but the gathering it up, and most vessels must re- 
turn empty if they did not bring off salt, and when they 
have brought it they must sell it though very cheap for it is 

the charge of transporting to any place I understand 

by AP Hutchinsons letters that there are not sent over, with 
the cast irons such hammer'd plates as are necessary for 
the composing of them, which should have been ordered 
there of just dimensions fitted to the cast quarters — with- 
out which these cast pieces cannot possibly be made useful. 
He writes very confidently that his opinion is they may be 
composed without those plates, with plankes and clay or 
cement, and that therefore he sends no plates as being 
not needfull, but I know not that way, I understand not how 
it can be so done, nor do I believe that they can be made 
use of that way. I suppose 1 may have occasion to go to 
Boston shortly and there may view 7 those irons and upon 
further consideration thereupon there maybe opportunity to 
give you my further apprehensions about that business from 

Your h ble serv 1 J. W. 

[Labelled, " Copy of letter to Capt Philip Carteret at New York." — 
A rough draft. — J. B.] 

54 The Winthrop Papers. 


John Winthrop, Jr., to Col. Richard JYicolls. 

To the Right Hon bIe Col : Richard Nicolls Gov r at N. York. 

Fishers Hand Jlug. 1 4. 1 665. 
Right Hon ble 

I received lately here yours of Aug. 2. and am sending 
over to the magistrates at Hartford, that they would without 
delay promote that business with the Indians of the North- 
ern partie which your honor moveth about a treaty of peace 
with the Mowhawkes, and hope to follow myself for the fur- 
therance thereof as speedily as may be, but I know they 
must have time of consideration and speaking together, and 
with all the most considerable parties that are engaged 
which are many and remote, and therefore the sooner they 
have the motion renewed to them (it was mentioned upon 
occasion formerly, and not wholly rejected ; but would 
speak with their friends &c) the sooner their mind may be 
known : I intend to speak with some Indians of these 
parts that are neutrals, but have some acquaintance with 
some of the other Indians. I hope on the morrow to speak 
with some of them — I know they may much further hav- 
ing some kindred amongst them — [yet I asked a principal 
man amongst them lately whether he thought they would 
hearken to terms of peace — he said he thought they must 
fight a little longer first — I fully concur with your honors 
apprehensions about the promoting that business and shall 
not be wanting with my endeavours to further it — This 
business is all the necessity of the time of hastning away 
these and letters to Conn 1 and will permit me to mention 
only] * In reference to what your honor writes about the ex- 
ecuting those 2 Indians in prison, I never heard any thing 
of their being in prison nor of their killing of any Dutch- 
men, till now by this your letter, and therefore not knowing 
the circumstances, nor any other matter about it, I am unfit 
to write any thing concerning it : but whether the speedy 
executing of them or delaying thereof for any time shorter, 

* All between the brackets [ ] in this letter is erased in the original. — J. B. 

The Winthrdp Papers. 55 

or longer be best, I doubt apt but your Honor and councell 
will find what is best to be done 4 in that case : Whether 
the hastening of it may not hasten their war Upon (he English, 
before they can be so fitted for it, especially some places 
that may not have notice of it — Whereas the delaying may 
cause such hope in them of their redemption (though fruit- 
less hope) that may cause a forbearance of such hostility 
for a time as may prevent the destruction of divers dutch 
or English of the hither parts, or Marilanders Sec. by some 
sudden act, whether also delay may not encourage such 
barbarous brutes to more murthers 6cc. or whether the con- 
clusion of matters with the Mowhawks be not considerable 
to be first attended. Many other considerations are in your 
observance ; grounded upon the more lull comprehension 
of the whole case : I make bold to suggest only one thing 
more in reference to that which your honor is pleased to 
mention [That it cannot be imagined you can stand alone 
in the opposition] I humbly propose whether your honor 
may not see cause to have it moved to the Commissioners 
of the Colonies, some of them are to meet at Boston the 
first Thursday in September [whose usual meeting should 
be in September next but being this year to meet but part 
of them at Boston about the business of the corporation for 
the Indians, there must be a particular notice given for meet- 
ing of all of them, if any special business require it and 
those matters of general concernment about the Indians will 
most properly fall under their cognizance according to 
former custom and agreement of the Colonies and them- 
selves for mutuall assistance in such cases of danger from 
those barbarians] What your honor shall direct in that 
case for their consideration about these matters shall be en- 
deavoured to be promoted seriously by 

My lord Your most humble servant 


However that Dutchman may hyperbolize in his narration, 
I cannot imagine how De Ruiter could be fitted to hold out 
so long there. 

[Labelled, ' ; The substance of my letter to Gen 1 Niculls. , ' t ] 

56 The Winthrop Papers. 


Samuel Willis to John Winthrop, Jr. 

These ffor the much Hon d John Winthrope Esq r Gov r of 
His Majestys Colony of Connecticott — present att N. 

Much Hon d Sir — 

Sir — I was hartyly glad to heare of y e Welfaire of you 
and yours by Capt Winthrope : Sir, my Mother self and 
Wife and Sister tender theire reall respects to your self 
and deare Consort and the rest of your dear ones, hop- 
inge that your sudaine departure will yet issue in a season- 
able returne and aboade with us, but conceiving that your 
waighty concernments may call you speedily to the Bay 
Now you are at the N. Loudon your journey that way will 
be most easy, and comfortable, nor should J any way retrard 
your motion that way, especially consideringe of what im- 
portance it will be to you to get some better security for 
M r Paines debt of which I made bould to suggest my opin- 
ion to yourself before you went hence. 

Sir — I conceive it will be requisite that we heare some- 
thing of your purpose herein, for if your self please to goe 
there will not need any other to goe as a Commissioner 
from these parts, for one from Connecticott will fully answer. 
The Agreement made the last yeare for the attendinge of 
the Corporation businisse which will be but short, I suppose 
two or three days worke, will finish it. And yourself being 
soe well acquainted with M r Boile * may bee instrumental to 
keepe that affaire in the hands of the Commissioners off the 
Collonys which I suppose may bee best for the Country — 
besides if one Commissioner goe not from this Jurisdiction, 
it is feared the odium of breakinge the Confederation may 
bee cast upon us. And it is thought that it will bee more 
inexpedient for M r Leet to goe at this time in divers re- 
spects. And in speciall lest some old matters should be 
revived thereby. Sir — If you please to intimate your 

* " Mr. Boile " above referred to is doubtless the Hon Robert Boyle, who was Pres- 
ident of the Society for Propagating the Gospel among the Indians in New England, 
and with whom Governor Winthrop was intimate. — J. B. 

The JVinlhrop Papers. 


pleasure in the premises it maybe a direction to the Magis- 
trates what to doe, which is the request oil' Sir 

Your much obliged freind, and humble servant 

Samuel Willys. 
Hartford Jugust 14. 1665. 

Sir — there is noe newes of any ship lately arrived from 
England which makes a fammin of certaine newes from 
Europe at present. 

[Labelled, " M r Sam. Willis— Hoc 1 21."] 


Joh. Plumme his descript. of the Stella cadens lohkh he saw* 

Seabrok October 1665 — this I testifi 
that in October last about too of the clok 
in the nit I sawe a star fly into the West 
wich in his first braking gave a flashe 
uppon the w r ater as if it had bin litning 
wich cased me to lok oup I being then 
rouing in my bote toe groton : ond it com 
in to the shop at opik [shape of a pike] ond 
so continewed the spas of haf a quorter of 
an our or ther abouts 

then it turned in to this shap as her you se 
ond about the spas of haf a quorter thus it 


and then it turned as thus in to half a sur- 
kell as it war with both ends oupvards and 
contineued a smal tim and then wastted 
quit away 

as witnes my hond 

John Plumbe. 

* Indorsement by Governor Winthrop. 


58 The Winthrop Papers. 


Rev . John Davenport to John Winthrop, Jr. 

To his Honor ble freind John Winthrope Esq r Governo r of 
Connectecute these present in Hartford. 

Honor 1 ' 16 Sir) 

To your motion concerning my preaching the Election 
sermon, at Hartford, the 10 th of the next moneth, though 
my unfitnes for such a journey, is of itselfe a sufficient plea 
for excuse of my Negative Answer ; yet I have sundry 
other weighty reasons, whereby I am strongly and neces- 
sarily hindred from that service, which may more conven- 
iently be given by word of mouth to your Honoured Selfe, 
then expressed by wrighting. Be pleased to favour me 
with your acceptance of my Negative Answer, upon so Co- 
gent reasons. Which I hasten, with all possible speed, that 
some other, whom you may please to call unto that worke, 
may have convenient time for preparacon. Also I make 
bold to present unto your view the inclosed paper, not 
knowing that you have seene it - — onely be pleased, after 
you have made your use of it, to returne it unto mee, that 
I may send an Answer to Boston, by brother Alsup, who 
purposeth a voiage thither, toward the latter end of the 
next weeke, or the beginning of the following weeke. And 
with him, our Teacher intendeth to goe, which will be an- 
other impediment of my accepting and complying with your 
premised motion, through our Churches want of his helpe 
at home. I returne many thancks for my sight of the 
scheme of 3 suns and 4 rainbowes, seene at New Yorke, 
and drawne by General Nicols his procurement my son 
will be careful to returne it unto you by the 1 st opportunity, 
which he hath wanted hitherto. No more, at present, but 
my service and my wifes to yourselfe and M r3 Winthrope, 
together with our affectionate respects to yours, being pre- 
sented, I rest in Jesus Christ 

Sir) Your worships obliged, assured 

John Davenporte. 

JYewh. y e \0 th day of y e 2 d m. 1666. in which day I re- 
ceived yours dated y e 6 th d. of y e same moneth. 

The Winihrop Papers. 59 

Postcript. The reason, which it pleased you to give, 
why I was not formerly desired to preach at the Election, 
holdeth as strong against my being invited thereunto now. 
For we are not yet fully joyned, by the Courts refusal of 
our Freemen to vote, in the last Election, when they came 
thither, to that end, in obedience to theire absolute sumons, 
and about 20 of ours were sent home, as repudiated, after 
they had suffered the difficulties and hazzardsofan uncom- 
fortable and unsafe journey, in that wett season. 1 shall 
crave leave to add my experience of my weaknes since y e 
date of my letter. The ll" 1 day w 7 as somewhat hot here, 
and accordingly I found my spirits very faint and listles 
unto action. This day, being the 12 lh is a litle more mod- 
erate, and I find my spirits a litle more revived, but stil 
feeble, and my stomack w r eake. Whence I infer that in 
hotter weather I shall be unfit for such a journey and for 
that worke. Therefore, I pray, desist from that motion to 
mee, and urge it upon some fitter minister and dwelling 
nearer to the place of the Election-Courte. 

[Labelled, " M r Davenport, Pastor."] 


Rev. John Davenport to John Winthrop, Jr. 

To the Hon hle John Winthrope Governour of Connectecute 
Colonie, these present at Hartford. 

Honour ble Sir — 

Many hearty thancks being premised, to God, and you ; 
to God as to the principal efficient, who stirred up your 
heart, and guided your minde to pitch upon such meanes 
as his blessing made effectual ; and to yourselfe, as to a 
blessed Instrument in God's hand, for our recovery, my 
sons especially, from that weaknes, and those great paines, 
wherewith he was lately and long afflicted, unto this meas- 
ure of strength, whereby he was enabled to come into the 
publick assembly, the last Lords day, to bless God the Au- 
thour of all blessings upon your endeavours : which, I pray, 
may be stil continued, for the good of many ! 

60 The Winthrop Papers. 

Yet, in the midst of our familie -comforts, I feele at my 
heart no small sorrow for the publick divisions and distrac- 
tions at Hartford. Were M r Hooker now in vivis ; it would 
be as a sword in his bones, that the Church, which he had 
planted there, should be thus disturbed, by innovacons, 
brought in and urged so Vehemently, by his young suc- 
cessour in office, not in his spirit : who was so far from 
these laxe waies that he opposed the baptizing of grand- 
children, by their grandfathers right : much more would he 
have decryed the baptising of Adopted children, by their 
Adoptants right : most of all, the baptising of servants, 
borne in the house, or bought with monie, qua tales, unles 
they had a spiritual right, by being regularly joyned to the 
Church, according to Gospel-rules. But he is at rest : and 
the people there gro woefully divided, and the better sorte 
are exceedingly greived, while the looser and worser party 
insult, hoping that it will be as they would have it, viz, 
that the plantacons shall be brought into a parish-way, 
against which M r Hooker hath openly borne a strong Testi- 
monie in print. The most of the churches, in this juris- 
dicon, are professedly against this new way, both in judg- 
ment and practise, upon Gospel grounds, n, Newhaven, 
Mil ford, Stratford, Brandford, Gillford, Norwalke, Stamford, 
and those nearer to Hartford, n, Farmington, and the 
sounder parte of Windsor, together with their Reverend 
Pastor, M r Warham, and, I thinck, M r Fitch, and his church 
also. Nor may it be thought that we all are mere specta- 
tors, or that we shall be allwaies silent, as persons not con- 
cerned. It is the cause of Christ, for which we must 
pleade : it is no slight matter, as de lana caprina, that is 
now agitated, but that which concernes the preserving of 
Christian Churches in peace, and Gospel-ordinances in 
purity : it is the faith and order of the Churches of 
Christ, which we are called to contend for, that they may 
be preserved intyre and corrupted, when the Bay-Synod 
published theire booke : I saw where their Temptation lay, 
and printed my answer to it : whereunto, when a seeming 
reply was made, I declared and proved the insufficiency of 
it, and sent my MSS. to the Baye, where it lyeth, in friends 
hands unprinted, til further occasion shall obstetricate it : 
Sed quorsum haec ? I shall breifly suggest unto you what 

The Wmthrvp Papers. Gl 

I have heard, viz. that before the last lecture-day, when it 
was yong iM r Heynes his tunic to preach, he sent 3 of his 
partie to tell M Whiting, that, the nexte Lecture-day, lie 

would preach about his way of baptizing, and would begin 
the practising of it, on that day. Accordingly he preached, 
and water was prepared for Baptisme (which, I suppose, 

was never administred, in a weekc day, in that Church, be- 
fore) But J\l r Whiting, as his place and duty required, tes- 
tifyed against it, and refused to consent to it. Much was 
spoken, to litle purpose, by some of j\l r Heynes his partie. 
But, when M r Warham began to speake, one of the Church 
rudely hindered him, saying, to this purpose, What hath 
M r Warham to do to speake in our Church matters ? This 
check stopped M r Warhams proceeding, at that time. The 
objectour considered not that this matter was not res pro- 
pria to that church alone, but res communis, it being of 
common concernment to all the churches in these parts, 
and to the Teaching Officers of them, and to M r Warham 
more especially ; For turn sua res agitur paries cum proxi- 
mus ardet, which he might have answered. But we live in 
times and places, where the laces of the Elders are not 
duely honoured ; and therefore its justly to be feared that 
God will soone take away the most Godly and judicious 
Leaders from so unthanckfull and unworthy people, and leave 
them to be mislead by superficial verbalists. Yourselfe pru- 
dently concluded that, that day was not a fit season to begin 
theire purposed practise, seeing it was not consented to. 
But opposed. And so it ceased, for that time. But M r 
Heynes urged for a dispute about it with M r Whiting, the 
next Lecture day, which will be the 20 th day of this month, 
which also, they say, is agreed upon. But cui bono ? No 
good issue can rationally be expected of a verbal dispute, 
at that time, and in that place, where so many are likely 
to disturbe the buisenes with interruptions and clamours, 
and to prepare a sufficient number to overvote the better 
party for establishment of the worser way. So Trueth 
shall be dethroned and errour set up in the throne. What 
then is to be done, in this Case ? Let M r Heynes give in 
wrighting to M r Whiting, his position, and his Arguments 
to prove it : and let M r Whiting have a convenient time to 
returne his Answer in wrighting. This is the most suitable 

62 The Winthrop Papers. 

way for a peaceable issuing of the dispute, with solid judg- 
ment, and with due moderation and satisfaction : and let all 
practise of M r Heynes his opinion be forborne, til the trueth 
be cleared. But if M r Heynes refuseth this way ; I shall 
suspect that he more confides in the clamours of his party, 
then in the gooclnes of his cause or in the strength of his 
Arguments, or in his ability for disputacon. These things 
I make bold to present to your serious consideracon, that, 
by your wisdom and care of the publick good and common 
peace, according to the duety of your place, the fire alreadie 
kindled may be speedily quenched, and the banckes may 
be seasonably strengthened, to prevent the irruption of 
waters, that may cause an inundation, not to be stopped 

Our service to yourselfe and M rs Winthrope, with our af- 
fectionate salutacons to all yours, being presented, I rest, in 
Jesus Christ 

Yours obliged, assured 

John Davenporte Senio r . 

JV. II. the 14 th d. of the 4 th m. 1668. 

Poster. My Rev d brother, M r Street, being with me, and 
hearing this letter read, earnestly desired me, once and 
againe, to declare unto you, his full consent to the contents 
thereof: so that you may take it as from us boath. He 
also thincks that a Synod of the Elders and Messengers of 
the churches, on this side of the countrey, i. e. of this 
jurisdiction, might be a suitable expedient motos componere 
fluctus. But that I leave to further consideracon. In the 
meane time, it will be operae praemium that you interpose 
your Authority and wisdom to stop all further proceedings 
and actings in this irregular and tumultuous way. 

[Labelled, " M r Davenport, Senior — received Junij 19. 1666."] 

The Wintkrop Papers. G'A 


The Governor and Council of Connecticut to the Governor 
of Massachusetts, 

To the Right Worshipfull Rich. Bellingham Esq' Gov' of 
his Ma licd Colony of the Massathusets at Boston y' dd. 

Hartford July 10' 7 ' 1G6G. 
lion' 1 Sir — 

Yesternight we had a letter from the Governor of New 
York, wlio certifieth that about an hour before his writing 
there came a sloope from Albany, by which he w T as informed 
that for certain the flfrench from Canada are marching 
towards those parts ; having sent a Girdle of Wampum to 
the Mowhawkes, to invite them (under the style of re- 
nowned soldiers) to attend their arrival at their forts, and 
to give them battle — Hereof the Mohawkes and the 
Oneiades have given assured notice ; insomuch that he 
takes it for a truth — Whereupon he hath sent orders to 
the Garrison at Sopus to strengthen the Garrison at Albany : 
He writes also that he hath encouraged the Mohawkes to 
maintain the war with the ffrench who are about seven hun- 
dred men, as the Indians report. He thinks it would be a 
good opportunity to stress the french after so long a march, 
with a few fresh men, and therefore propoundeth upon this 
opportunity a business of that high consequence, thereby to 
cut off' the whole strength of Canada at Once, to have help 
of some horse from hence We are sensible ynough of the 
danger that may be to all the English plantations and mostly 
in these parts, and as much as any to those above on the 
river of your Colony, if the french should settle themselves 
in those parts — therefore if you please to give order and 
power to some of those plantations to join with ours upon 
such occasion as may fall out for the preventing of the com- 
mon danger and provide for the common safety, we shall be 
ready to consider with them for communication in such 
ways and means for the promoting of the same till there 
may be more full assistance from yourselves and the other 

We thought good to acquaint you herewith and leave it 

64 The Winihrop Papers. 

to your speedy consideration, and with our loving remem- 
brance we take leave and rest your loving freinds and con- 
federates the Governor and Councill of Conecticutt. 
Signed per order & me 

J. Allyn. 

[Labelled, " Copy of letter fr. the Magistrates to the Governo 1 " at Bos- 
ton." The above is a rough draft in Governor Winthrop's hand, except- 
ing a few words from " We thought," &c. It is regularly certified by 
Mr. Allyn, and he wrote the few words referred to, as also the copy of 
the superscription. — J. B.] 


George Denison to John Wi?ithrop, Jr. 

To the Worshipfull and his much honored freind John Win- 
throp, Esq re Governor of the Collonye of Coneticot thes 
d. dd in Hartford. 

Honored Sir 

it is no small trouble to me that I have this ocation to 
wright, haveing formerly weried your patience upon the 
same subject but my faith to my trust, and the Honor of 
God and the authority I am under (as I conceive) being 
Conserned : together with the presing and opresing nesses- 
ity of the poor Indians : who can find no resting place for 
the sole of there feet, not with standing the many ingadge- 
ments, orders and grants thay have (by your helpe) ob- 
tained, and have reiyed upon, yet as it seems all in vaine, 
for as I and the Indians are informed (by what means I 
know not) for none ware imployed by the towne) there is 
this Court in your worships absenc an order, makeing voyd 
all the former orders and that the Indians must be removed 
next Aprill of from Cosattuck, not with standing the last 
order by the Commette, which was to content of all par- 
tyes as is expressed in the said order or grant, now how 
that order can be made voyde, and the Indians dispossesse, 
and no man imployed by the towne to act in the besines, 
nor the Indians have liberty or warning to speake for them- 
selves nor any for them : I can not but wonder : I wish it 

The WirUhrop Papers. 65 

doe not too much intrehsh upon the honor of Cod and the 
Collony and our common interests for if our grant or order 
may be made voyd upon the mischievous clammors or com- 
plaint of any pertecular persons with out a due hearing of both 
partyes, I feare all our intrests stand upon tickell terms : 
but I doubt not but your wisdome will deserne and be 
throughly sencable of the inconveniences wherefore 1 am 
bould (at the request of the Indians) only to give you a 
hint of the thing, in there behalves beseching you to put 
forth your authority for the maintaineing of there just rights 
so often confirmed by all our authorityes and that you would 
be pleased to give out sum spetiall order at lest for the res- 
peting the execution of this last order at least untill next 
Generall Court in May : when thay may have an oportunity 
to speake for them selves, and that thay may not bee put of 
from there improvements and the land which thay have (by 
order) broken up for there lively hud, for it will be all one 
to them to cut of there heades as to take away the means 
of there subsistanc — the very hearing and fearing what will 
bee is almost a distroying thing unto them, and ocations 
great morning amongst them, who have labered hard to get 

And I wish thay had not caus to reproch the faith or 
truth of the English, I can not inlarge, but shall refur you 
to the messenger who can more fully informe you of there 
condetion, I pray Sir doe sume thing which may bee effectu- 
all for there relefe, that there lives and comforts may not bee 
offred in sacrifise to the wills of men : Excuse my bouldnes 
as being the effect of an earnist desire after truth and right- 
eousnes, which if obtained I have my desired eand, Your 
pleashure manifested in a lyne or too shall command my 
observanc, not elc to trouble you at present with due re- 
spects and service to your self and M rd Winthrop I rest, 
Yours to his poor power 

George Denison. 

Sloninglon— Oclob. 27. 1666. 

[Labelled, " Capt. Denison — rec d Oct. 31. 1666."] 

VOL. X. 9 

66 The Winthrop Papers, 

Charles Hill to John Winthrop, Jr. 

To the Hono ble John Winthrop Esq r Govern r of his Majes- 
ties Collonyof Connetticott — humbly present — Hartford. 

New London the 16 th of January --If. 
Hon d Sir, 

Hopeing there might bee some oppertunity att Hartford 
for the convayance of the incloased for New Yorke, have 
made bould to trouble your Hon 1 ' with this my humble request, 
that if oppertunity for convayance should present you would 
bee plased to send the incloased thither : Wee arived att 
New London tenn days agoe, but the greatest part of what 
was loaden on board us was consigned for New Yorke, 
whereof the incloased is for advice : the hard weather keep- 
ing us for present prisoners heare, and judge it some thing 
dangerous for a while to goe through the Sound. The Sad 
newse wee brought from Barbadoes was unknowne heare at 
our arrivall, and not knowing whether your Hon r have ac- 
count of the same thought good to advise the lamentable 
losse that was reported from England by tooe many good 
hands, about the third of September last a fire begunne 
in the Citty of London, on pudding lane neare Tower 
Streete, which continnuecl, and was stregthned by a strong 
South-East wind for fower clayes together, which hath ut- 
terly destroyed the greatest part of the Citty within the 
walls. From the Tower of London to Temple Barre by 
the Thames side not a howse standing, nor Church, nor 
Hall in ninety parrishes ; S nt Pauls, and the Royall Ex- 
chang burnt, the fire stopped in Fanchurch streete, 
came up to Leadenhall, and stopt there, Cornhill, Cheap- 
side, Fleete streete, and all back streets to the Thames 
burnt — Ludgate and Newgate and Christ church hospital 
and downe to Alldersgate all consumed, what remaynes 
within the walls is downe Fanchurch Streete to Allgate, 
Leadenhall Streete, and the wayy to Bushops gate, and 
some small part twixt that inwards to Cripplegate, the rest 
of that glorious Citty is bocome a heape of ashes. The 

The Winthrop Papers. 67 

English Fleet was att Porchraouth and there about and the 

duel) and French reported to bee jovned together. Sir I 
have not further to adde craving pardon for this trouble 
crave leave to subscribe my self 

Your Honour's most humble Servant to Comand 

Charles Hill. 


James J\ % oycs to John Winthrop, Jr. 

Stoningfo.i. March 25 166?. 
Honoured Sir, 

Sometime since I received a large letter from you in 
answer to a letter I sent and in your letter there was 
physick inclosed, for which I most humbly thank you, I 
have sent the physick with other letters to Newbury and 
dayly waite for a return. But the special occasion of my 
now writing is a paper that a pequit indian hath brought to 
the Constable, Signed by the Secretary M r Daniel Clark 
as from your self and several others the assistants wherein 
I am especialy concerned, and therefore, this evening, (un- 
derstanding Capt Winthrop is going for Hartford) I have 
wrote largely to the Secretary, desireing him to spedily co- 
municate the same to yourself &,c. Also I have inclosed 
attested Coppies of the actions and orders of Leu 1 Griswell, 
Ensigne Tracey &lc. All which I hope may give your wor- 
ship much satisfaction concerning our actions with those 
Pequots at Causattuk Also if you please to call to mind 
you will remember, that in a letter in the winter, I sent 
somewhat a large account concerning our proceedings step 
by step, using all perswasions and means to satisfie the 
said indians. It is now about eleven of the clock at night, 
and I am much wearied with writing already and therefore 
I shall not write much, onely in breife, these maye certifie 
you, that I have both advised with several in the towne 
and well weighed your lines, And find it will occasion you 
and us much trouble, and be but greatly prejudicial both to 
me and the indeans, if they plant, this sumer at Causattuck. 
Because we have bcene at a great deale of trouble, 

68 The Winthrop Papers, 

paines, charge already, at Court, measuring our town, the 
Causattuk land, and 2 pound and 17 shilling we paye 
Leu 1 Griswell &c for theire worke, And have provided 
them speciall good land to plant on. And the indeans are 
now upon breaking up more ground, otherwise they cannot 
live, for what is ten acers to live on, 5 or 6 families which 
is about the quantitie that is now broke up. And this will 
be aditionarie to what is alreadie and so we shall have all 
our worke to doe againe, and new charge, or else they 
will pleade in justice. And I know the towne will spend 
halfe what they have before they shall live where they are. 
Tis about a twentie pound rate, the rate of charges con- 
cerning this buisness made this yeare, and how will the 
towne groane under the paiment when they se not theire 
ends attained. Besides I have agreed with men to sow and 
plant there and have often tendred paye to the indeans be- 
fore witness this winter, but Capt Denison they saye will 
not let them receive it. I have both Corne and trucking 
cloth ready and have had all this winter. And that I might 
have indean corne I bought and gave thre shilling a bushell. 
Also there was great complaint of the indeans last sumer 
bringing downe the young catle upon the towne by reason 
the indeans corne was not fenced, and the catle were poore 
and much spoile done in the English feild. The corne I 
shall paye will be a considerable releife, also they maye 
have broke up land enough elsewhere to plant with the 
English. As concerning claimes to Pauchaug land, you will 
find it is pequit land, and far enough qut of the Province, 
wherefore we doubt not to satisfie the General Court that 
we shall attend theire orders in removing and paiyng them, 
when they will take it and that we have provided and 
dealt well with them. If they should have wrong what 
reason is there our little town, should right them with our 
land and estates I praye consider, that we maye not be op- 
pressed and endlesly troubled in such a cleare case as this 
seems to me to be. I beleive we had had litle or no trouble 
had they not been encouraged by this paper, when we 
should have come to plant, but they would have tooke 
theire paye. Tis but a very few that are so dissatisfied, or 
live there ; farre the greater part of Harmon Garrets men 
live elsewhere. Thus not farther to trouble you, hoping 

The Wintkrop Papers. 69 

you will in time receive full satisfaction, and by experience 
find that I and my friends of Stonington are most ready to 
serve you or yours to our power, with my real service pre- 
sented to yourself and INI" Winthrop and the rest of your 
highly respected family 1 rest raptim, 

Fours \cvy servant greatly obliged 

James Noyes. 

M r and M™ Stanton, M r Chesbrough and M r Richardson 
present their services to you and M n Winthrop and yours. 

[Labelled, " M r James No-is."] 


Rev. Abraham Pier son to John Winthrop, Jr. 

(Tor the hon blc John Winthrop, Esq re , Governor of the Col- 
ony of Connecticut these present. 

Hon'' Sir 

Our bounden cordiall respects to yourselfe and M r3 Win- 
throp presented. I do acknowledge your great kindenes, 
to mee, and mine, for a long space and continuance of tyme. 
I have had great proof of your love and singular kindenes, 
yea bounty, and liberality. I desire you may have an exceed- 
in": °;reat retribution from Him that is abundant in Goodnes 
and Truth. You have cast much bread upon the waters after 
many dayes you shall find it againe with a great increase. I 
am upon my remove (if god grant health and life) The Lord 
grant to you an abundant Entrance into his everlasting King- 
dom and to be yet more zealous and couragious for his glorie, 
the Rebuke of the Insolent and incouragement of the meeke 
and honour and crown you and yours with his loving Kinde- 
nes and speciall favour So prayes 

Sir yours greatly in gaged in the Lord 

Abraham Pierson. 

Brainford Sept : 27. 67. 
[Labelled, " M r Pcirson at his removall."] 

70 The Winthrop Papers. 


Robert Morris to John Winthrop, Jr. 
For M r John Winthropp thes in New Eingland, present. 

Honored Cussen 

Sir I having bin informed that you have great store of 
horses and mares which you make little youse of: If 
you please to doe mee the ffavor to seend mee tow 
of your largest well spred young mares ffor Breeders by 
M r Will Garci or aney other bound (For Wey River in 
Mary-land I shall order you your pay heare in the hands of 
M r Will Corsey or If you please to charge mee with ye 
valew of them in money starling shall pay your bills at 
home in Eingland and y e above said Corsey will pay y e M r 
the fraight heare in Marey land (Sir the occasion is that I 
w r ant them for my plantation) If you charge bills 1 live 
wheare you know in Radcliffe over against the stone taverne 
Brother Gostlin was verey eill when I went ffrom home and 
his good wiffe is dead and I ffeare the children will not 
find him have so great an estate as wos thought ffor all 
men that he hath to doe with cheate him. Sir I have not 
ellce but humble servis and please to command mee as 
much heare or in Eingland and I shall be glad of opertu- 
nitey to serve you and am Sir your assured Loving Kinds - 

Rob t Morris. 

Wey River in Marey Land this 8 of ffebb : 166|. 

[Labelled, " Capt. Rob. Morris Rec d Mar: 14. 1667."] 

Rev, Thomas Shepard to John Winthrop, Jr. 

These For the Right Worshipfull John Winthrop, Govern- 
our of the Colony of Connecticut. 

Charlestown. March. 8. 6f : 
Worshipful and much honoured in the Lord — 

Your manifold and great respect unto myself most un- 

The Wtnthrop Papery,. 71 

worthy thereof doth deservedly challenge from me more 

than Ordinary thanks unto you, and I cannot without much 
shame look back upon (not my incapacity of requital for 
that must be left in the predicament of Impossibles and 
which things receive a check in the very attempt; but) my 
great uhsuitablenesse as to that acknowledgement of your 
favour which hath been my duty. 1 humbly thank your 
Worship for your last present, viz' those printed papers of 
Intelligence referring to the philosophical transactions of tin; 
Royal! Society of the Virtuosi: I did according to your 
order to me acquaint M r Danforth of Roxbury and others 
with them ; the communication thereof renders us all, but 
especially myself greatly indebted unto your Honour. It is 
doubtlesse a noble Uesigne in that Famous Society to make 
such scrutiny for the investigation of those curious secrets 
of nature : and it is no small part of our great unhappinesse 
who dwell in these out -skirts of the earth that we are so 
little acquainted with those Excellent things that are done, 
and found out in the world and discoursed of by those 
learned and worthy personages. Sir, I was very desirous 
to have seen you, when you were last in these parts; 
but did hardly know of your being come untill I heard of 
your being gone again ; and when first I heard thereof I 
sought an opportunity to have waited upon your worship a 
while, but could not obtain it. We had, since your de- 
parture, a very strange phenomenon ; the like hath not been 
known (I suppose) in any age, viz' : upon the 20 th day of 
November last, Venus was seen to have a central conjunc- 
tion with Luna ; and as many Eye-witnesses do testify 
(Captain Allen, and M r Jno. Long of our town, with both 
whom I have spoken about this matter who standing to- 
gether that morning viewed it with wonderment: besides 
divers others in other townes) She was seen on this side of 
the moon : One while was Venus in the illuminated part 
of the moon, afterward (in its continued motion) passing 
through the dark part thereof (Luna being about 3 daies 
off her Change : a very strange beauty-spot methinks in 
Luna's blackface : to be thus eclypscd with Brightnesse, 
even with the beauty of Venus' face is \evy remarkable : 
whether it were by any Refraction (unwonted) or caused 
by some new platonick revolution, which no ancient Expe- 

72 The Winthrop Papers. 

rience can give us any record of: or what else is the mat- 
ter that Lucifer comes to fall so low I determine not : but 
only take the boldnesse to communicate unto your Worship 
this account thereof for your consideration whether really 
so a sublunary planet for a time is not meet for me to say, 
but in appearance so I may assure you thereof, if humane 
testimony may be credited. I begg an excuse for this 
trouble I have given you, and crave that still I may be rec- 
oned among 

Your Worship's very obliged to serve you — 

Thomas Shepard. 

[Labelled, " M r Thomas Sheperd about the Conjunction of the Moone 
and Venus — rec 11 March 14. 1663."] 


Mary Gold to John Winthrop, Jr. 

Ten Hies 23 of 1 mo. 166f. 
Honored Sir 

With my humble service to your selfe and M r3 Winthrope 
these are to let you understand that it is intended to straine 
for your contribution which they say is 27^> which had bene 
done before this time had I not promised the Treasurer that 
I would write to your selfe aboute it, therefore I desire you 
would be pleased to thinke of it for they have allready 
taken from me 19ft> in barly and mault for our owne per- 
tickeler when my husband was in prison, Wee are all at 
present in som measure in health through god's goodnes, 
thus desiring at present not further to trouble you I rest 
desiring your praires for mee I am yet under great exercise 
my husband hath beene at home a little while, but M r Dan- 
forth hath sent out his warrants and I am expecting every 
houre his going to prison, my husband presents his service to 
your selfe and M rs Wintrope, with our Respects to yours, 

Yours to command 

Mary Gold. 

[Labelled, " Mary Gold." — This letter, from the wife of one of the 
persecuted Baptists, seems to prove that the husband was a tenant of 

The Winthrop Papers. 73 

Winthrop. In April preceding, a dispute had been publicly held in Bos- 
ton, by several of the ablest of the clergy in Massachusetts, with these 
dissenters, who had not yet formed themselves into a society. Deputy- 

Governor Danforth seems to have been dissatisfied with the obstinacy of 
the new sect in resisting conviction. — J. S.] 


Bryan Rossetcr to John Winthrop, Jr. 

For the Honorable John Winthrop Esq re Governor these in 

Worshipfull Sir — 

Meeting with some new troubles from our neighbours, I 
make bold to present to your Honors serious consideration, 
the cases, for your Honors advise or mediation for some 
rationall or legall issue of them, which will require exspedi- 
tion before the provocation grows to high, and discapaci- 
tates for freindly advise to eyther party : At the County 
Court of N. Haven Octob : last I was summoned to ap- 
peare, I refused to obey the summons but sent my reasons 
in writing soe that they appeared and answered, and re- 
fered myselfe by way of appeale to the Generall Assembly 
in May last ; expecting the Courts information, and sum- 
mons from the leaders of the Assembly, viz : your Honors 
order, which I suppose had bene most legall ; But that 
fayling I was intended and prepared to have presented my 
complaynt agaynst the said County Court for male adminis- 
tration, and had done it had I not bene prevented, by the 
Assemblyes fullnes of troublesome concernments in refer- 
ence to churches &c. 

The reasons that I have for refusing the summons (such 
as it was) were in summe 

1. Because the members of the County were never for- 
mally matriculated fTreemen. 

2. The Charter orders Governor, Deputy Gov r , and As- 
sistants all to be chosen out of the body of the fTreemen. 

3. Because they had not taken the oath which the Gov- 
ernor tooke before the M r of Chancery, who confessed be- 
fore the Generall Assembly, was the oath of Supremacy; nor 

VOL. x. 10 

74 The Winthrop Papers. 

yet at their comming into the Corporation (who had long 
refused to come in before they submitted) and the Patent 
required that in express words then. 

Another reason was because it was against reason and 
law that party es should sitt judges, much more adversaries, 
which they were, proved by 2 witnesses ; as false impris- 
onment and the ryot. 

Another reason was the case for which I was prorcest, 
was most of it compounded, to which the witnesses were 
M r Mathew Allyn, and M r Samuel Willis; and the sum- 
mons served 3 days after M r Willis was gone to Boston, 
for England, and therefore I desyred a respite (which is 
according to law) untill the witnesses could conveniently be 
procured : Severall other reasons were alleadged, which 
did more properly respect the case itself: Yet thoe I did 
not appeare, and thoe I gave in all those reasons, the Jury 
proceeded to a verdict, the Court to a Judgment, and Exe- 
cution granted, and served, and this very day they came to 
appoynt a time to finish the execution ; I tendred land be- 
cause I was unwilling they should ransack an estate, that 
could not be found agayne (thoe it prove a disappoyntment 
at present. 

The case which was for beginning all, was as cleare, 
and fayre: I did from my first comming to Guilford, deny 
to pay rates for my person and horse (which was the lead- 
ing cause to my imprisoning) and the reasons that I gave 
them wherefore I refused were then in summe. 

1. Because I was an allowed practitioner of Phisic by the 
Generall Court at Connecticott, when M r Heynes, M r Hop- 
kins, and the rest of those gentlemen were of the bench 
being first tryed, and approved by M r Hooker, M r Stone, 
and old M r Smith of Wethersfeild in the face of the said 

2. As a practitioner of phisick I w T as desyred by M r 
Leete, and the rest of the Cheife of Guilford to purchase 
and inhabit with them, and they indented with mee what to 
give for a visit. 

3. The lawes of Nations exempt allowed phisitians from 
personall services, and there estates from rates and assess- 

The Bay allso, and New Haven the ffrench Doctor and 
M r Pell, and M r Davenport preacht for it allso. 

The JVinthrop Papers. 75 

4. That allowed phisitians ar often necessitated to more 

charity than a whole towne, and if it be not allowed for 
some must perish (that ar poore) in there extremities, these 
reasons were pleaded; and an agreement in presence of M r 
Allyn, and M Willis witnesses. 

5. And 1 was never rated for my head whilest 1 lived at 
Connecticotl after soe approved. 

These matters lay dormant until! our seasyde townes 

submitted to the Corporation, and then when Guilford gave 
in a list of there estates (at first unknowne to mee) they 
put in my head, and horse which I kept for suddent occa- 
sions being sent for, as I was often, untill differences grew 
high, since (by some insinuation) seldomer : But our con- 
test now was for what was before my imprisonment then 
issued. Other reasons for some small summs were given 
in, which have as much wright ; and I am willing before 
any indifferent hearing to pleade them, and charge injustice, 
and prove. I pray Sir seriously consider, advice, and doe, 
your Honor thereby may be a healer of breaches, and pre- 
vent worse inconveniences. 

Your Honor knowes that the Patent allowes all his 
Majesties subjects a liberty to pleade and be impleaded, to 
defend and to be defended, to answer and to be answered 
unto in all matters actions cases and quarrells whatsoever 
and not before parties and adversaries as judges. 

Another reason to all the former is the determination of 
the Committee chosen by the Generall Assembly in May 
1666., at the conclusion of it, these ar the very words at- 
tested by the Secretary — 

And w r e doe allso determine and prohibit utterly and for- 
ever, M r Leete and any other person and persons in any of 
those farre townes, to make any Complaynts, or cause far- 
ther troubles, eyther to M r Rosseter or those of Guilford 
concerned with him about any matter referring to former 
Administration of Government, excepting such things as 
have bene stated by this Generall Assembly : It is a re- 
straynt on there liberty as much as of mine or any others 
concerned with mee ; and some other's ar aggreeved as well 
as my selfe, and will joyne issue for male administration ; 
which now I with others complayne of to your Honor, and 
crave notice to be given to them to prepare to Answer the 
next Assembly. 

76 The Winthrop Papers. 

Much more have I to express, alleadge and plead which 
at a convenient time and an indifferent hearing I shall at- 
tend. I am sorry that I shall be necessitated to improve 
all meanes and ffreinds within my compass to procure a true 
interpretation of the charter in reference to the oath of Su- 
premacy, I suppose some amongst yourselves have not taken 
it, soe that Generall Nichols may misapprehend the infor- 
mation, justices in England take it in the face of the Court, 
and parliament men in the face of the Parliament, and mil- 
itary officers in the head of the Army, and Trayne bands : 
And as for rates for my head and Horse I hope your Honor 
soe honors that antient phisitian iEsculapius &c. that my 
name being approved may be cancelled in the treasurers 
list, that very thing I suppose hath bred all this trouble, and 
a declared fFredom may yet silence much of it. 'tis with 
your Honor and none else to prevent much trouble. 

I purpose to attend your desyre as soone as I can peruse 
authors concerning apparitions. 

I feare I have bene too tsedious but craving pardon at 
present I take my leave and rest 

Your Honors to serve 

Bryan Rosseter. 

Guilford. June 2& h 1669. 

[Labelled, " M r Rosseter— rec d June 30. 1669." 


George Heathcote to John Winthrop, Jr. 

To John Wintrop Gov r of Conettecott Pattant these, pre- 
sent In Newe England. 

Loveing freind — 

These are to desire the to doe me the favour to leve me 
some things to stop the groweth of a consumption which 
now I judge I am hi — my mother told me I was in one 
when I was at Antego, but I could not beleve it, beinge in- 
formed to the contrary by a doctor — I am much trobled 
with a thin sharp salt youmer that settles uppon me longes 

The JVinthrop Papers, 77 

and causes me to spitt much and sume time cough) but 
seldom — that pouder I had of the for my spittinge did me 
much good — it' thou shoud be at barford when this comes 
to thy hand I desire Sir to send me sume thinge Eather to 
be left at Humphra Hodges in boston, nere Person Mathers 
or to Benaniwell Bowers, by Cambridge, I desire the to 
doe thy indever for me in this my request for I have present 
occasion for sume helpe to prevent it and desire thou would 
please to leve defection how I should take it and what way 
may be convenient as for my diet or otherwayes, soe that 
the cause and ground of the consumption may be taken 
away if the Lord see good, I sent this before me in hopes 
it may find the at boston or thereabouts before thou takes 
thy jurney to harford — I could wish I had sume good 
newes to send the conserninge thy cozen Benjamin, but it 
is such that I was trobled to here it from a man that 
knewe him well, here is noe strange newes they doe dayly 
expect the arivell of William Willughby he beinge the old 
mans sonn that did leve the goverment of this Hand to one 
Christopher Cuddrington the last yeare — he comes as gov- 
ernour — this with my reall love is all 

Att present from Thy freind 

Geo : Heathcote. 

From Barbadus The 19° d. 5 M° 1669. 

[Labelled, in Governor Winthrop's hand, " George Heathcott."] 


William Jones to John JVinthrop, Jr. 

15 March 1669. 
Hono ed Sir) _ 

Yours of ffebr ry 4 th reced with the inclosed to my wife 
from M r Jo n Davenport — I thank you for the news of Libty 
to good people in England, and shold be glad to heare the 
certainty of it. There is little news sterring in these parts 
but what I suppose you have. His Highes the Duke of 
York has prohibited any more Dutch ships from coming 
to New York, contrary to a repealed graunt for som yeares 

78 The Winthrop Papers. 

the Governor of York hath published by proclamation his 
highnes pleasure, And hath graunted free trade to the 
Merchants at N. York and taken of the wonted recognicon 
— this will encourage trade there And what the Generall 
Court of the Bay Colony have don (if true) will further it, 
for in severall letters from Boston tis said they have laid 
20ft> per cent on goods exported and provisions imported. 
But since we heare tis 25ft> per cent on provisions imported 
the 1 st time, y e one halfe forfet the 2 d time and all the 3 d . 
I know not what to believe tis soe incredible and Strang 
therefor shalbe fearing to speak any thoughts till I heare 
the certainty if any such thing be : if our side the Countrey 
should be soe unwise as to send ther provisions on such 
tearmes, twere well a law were made to prohibit the export 
that way and to turne our trade another way. 1 suppose 
you have heard of the great ship that was cast away neare 
ffishers Iseland on the rocks, and thence being deserted was 
driven on Long Iseland shore : the Governour of N. York 
sent his secretary to prevent the people seizing of the goods 
&,c. and tis said afterwards went himselfe to take order that 
noe wrong might be don to the owners of the ship and 
goods which shews a generous mind and noble. 

there hath bin a prodigious creature that brought forth 
in this place on the 23 d of ffebr. last viz 1 a calfe with 2 per- 
fect heads joined to one neck and body — the heads come- 
ly and well shaped in all parts, but one head standing to 
the one side and the other head to the other side soe that 
two cheeks or sides of the heads lookt forward and the con- 
trary cheeks back behind : which 2 heads were soe joined 
together the hinder parts and downwards — theire jaws al- 
most to theire mouths that the 4 eares stood in theire proper 
places a top of the heads in a due distance the heads 
were well haired as of a calfe a month old, the neck was 
joined to the heads soe siding, as right on the middle, as if 
they had bin but one, the neck and body in all other parts 
as another Calfe : in the bringing forth of this monster the 
hinder part cam out first and soe stuck that 6 men could 
not draw it out : but were forct to draw at a horse : the 
heads so standing, but the Cow quickly died : and it is like 
that the violence they were forct to use was caus of the 
death of both cow and calfe tis said a child was borne at 

The Winlhrop Papers. 79 

Brand ford a week before this having 6 toes on each foot, 
and more then ordinary on the hands. But my Brother 
Yale can better informe you I suppose of that which with 
my humble service presented to your selfe and honoured 
M™ Winthrop and yours, 

Rests your servant to his power 

W M Jones. 

[Labelled, " M r Jones about the Calfe with 2 heads, of March 15. 


Francis Lovelace to John Winthrop, Jr. 

For the Honora hle John Wintrop Esq r Governor of the Col- 
ony of Conettecut at Hartford. 

Deare Sir — 

I receaved 2 letters from you by M r Plumbe which I be- 
leeve will now reasonably ballance the Accompt of core- 
spondency, both of them beeing of one Tenure, I beg that 
you would accept one answer to both, it seemes the case 
is not rightly aprehended by the Indians, who seeme dis- 
trustfull that the intentions of the Maquases are not genu- 
ine, as not beeing attended with those customary formale- 
tyes, by which Indeans converse on such affaires, and truly 
had this motion of peace wholy proceeded from theire desires 
to it, then the circumstances migh have beene disputable, 
but the Treaty (and as I hope the Peace, proceeding in a 
greate mesure from my instigation who am very zealous to 
promote a tranquilety amongst all, whereby Trade, and 
Commerce may not receave any interruption, tis I therefore 
have undertaken that cause and for which (as I formerly 
intimated to you) doe offer to be responsable, well knowing 
that if the same ingagement bee undertaken by you, on the 
behalfe of your Indians, thes hopes of an insuing peace 
will bee more strong and lasting : it will bee needlesse to 
represent all arguments for it, that beeing too greate a sub- 
ject to be compris'd in the narrow volume of a letter, I shall 
therefore suspend it till a faire opertunety give mee the hap- 

80 The Winthrop Papers. 

pynesse of kissing your hands, which I fully purpose to doe 
if your affaires in not beeing at Hartford interrupt mee not. 
I shall finde an oportunety to tell you the precise tyme 
which at this tyme I am not able for the returne of my ship 
(I built heere) from Virginea requires my assistance to for- 
ward her voyage for Europe, I hope to perfect it all in this 
month and by the scantling of tyme, you likewise may make 
a neare estimate if your private affaire can corespond with 
my resolutions, which when you have pitcht them, I desire 
hartely to be satisfy'd from you that so I may the better 
steere my course which according to my present determi- 
nation is to waite on you at Hartford within or neare that 
compasse of tyme before mentioned I have no more in the 
interim but to wish you all health and happinesse and a 
beleefe that I am 

Sir, your most afectionate humble servant 

Fran : Louelace. 

Fort Jeames the 2 d of May — 1670. 

Newes heere is litle onely a greate aprehention of a rup- 
ture betweene France and Holland a catch which came 
heere from the Caribaeys beeing boarded by a French man 
of warre who was so piquant agains the Dutch, that if hee 
had found but the least good belonging to the Dutch hee 
protested hee would have mad prise of her. 

[Labelled, " Gov r Lovelace."] 


Francis Lovelace to John Winthrop, Jr. 

To the Hon ble John Winthrop Esq re Govern 1 * of his Maj tie ^ 
Colony of Conecticott These Att Hartford. 

Deare Sir — 

Having desir'd liberty to returne (for somme season) for 
England which I hope will bee graunted) and not knowing 
how both the Publiqq and my private affaires will stand, I 
have taken oportunety to meete you thus farre, that so wee 
may have the benifitt to discourse all affaires that may tend 

The IVinthrop Papers. 81 

to the mutuall convenience of each other, which otherwise 
would proove too volumenous to be transmitted by letters ; 
I shall therefore attend your presence (if no accidents of 
nature or other contingencyes) prevent you, at Milfourd, 
where 1 hartely expect you as one who has receav'd greate 
endeerements from you, so he would be glad to pay somme 
parts of an acknowledgment in the confession of beeing 
Sir, your very affectionate humble servant 

Fran: Louelace. 
Milfordthe 9 !k of December 1670. 

IJeere are severall of your servants as M r Delavall M r 
Nicolls M r Lawrence and my brother who all kisse your 

[Labelled, " Gov' Lovelace — rec' 1 Dec: 9 1670."] 


John IVinthrop, Jr., to Francis Lovelace. 

Hon h! " Sir — 

It was my unhappinesse to be at that time in an incapacity 
to wait upon you at Milford, when you were pleased to fa- 
vour these parts with so near an approach : but it so fell 
out and could not be otherwise. I was engaged to a dear 
friend, not long before who was at the very agony of death 
(as was feared by all then present there) not to be absent 
till an apparent recovery, which then was doubtful!, but now 
(God be praised) is in a good measure attained ; but there 
were reasons to think it might not have been so, if I had 
been from home. I had before hand, from some passages 
in your letter, the confidence of your favourable excuse in 
such a case as this, as such an accident, or contingency, you 
were pleased to point at, which might prevent that which 
was mutually desired, and should otherwise with my great- 
est care been endeavour'd. and I must hope for the like 
excuse that I made bold to motion your coming up hither, 
when the season for your self might not seem suitable for 
such a journey. My desire was great to have enjoyed 

VOL. x. 11 

82 The Winthrop Papers. 

your presence here, and all those honoured gentlemen, my 
worthy friends. But your occasions not permitting and the 
season possibly discouraging, your pleasure therein is my 
good content. My presumption of a probability of your 
coming up (not without some good grounds of hopes there- 
of enforced also from a report passing, as if such a thing 
would be (facile credimus quae volumus) tho' possibly from 
some supposition only, if the bottom of it could have been 
better examined) filled this place with such joyfull expecta- 
tion thereof, so that some gentlemen deferred for a few days, 
a journey to Milford, and the rather that I might have their 
necessary assistance, at such a time : And the report com- 
ing of your being upon a sudden return discouraged their 
after proceeding ; but I hope such accidents will not dis- 
courage from your visit to these parts, when it may be a 
time most seasonable to your self, which will be most ac- 
ceptable to your servants here, together with 

Your most humble servant 

J. Winthrop. 
Hartford Dec 1 28. 1670. 

[Labelled, " Copy of letter to Gov r Lovelace."] 


The Governor and Council of Rhode Island to the Governor 
and Council of Connecticut. 

These for the Hon d John Winthrop Esq re Governour of the 
Collony of Conecticott — To be alsoe communicated to 
the rest of the Hon d Counsell of that Collony. 

Honoured Gentlemen — - 

Wee lately received from the Massachussetts Collony 
copies of two letters of his Majestie, Directed to be com- 
municated to the other Collonys, with his Majesties Dec- 
laration of Warr against the States General of the Unitted 
provinces, and accordingly wee have proceeded therin : 
And further in pursuance therof, and in obediance to his 
Majesties commands wee have thought fitt and doe hereby 

The WinUirop Papers. 83 

recommend unto you our desires joyntly with your selves 
to consider of the condition and state d'affaires in general, 
there appearing times of danger, and with what speede may 
bee to provide for the safety and defence of the whole 
&c, as may be judged most requissitt and convenient by 
your selves and our neighbour Collonys with us to whome 
wee have lickewise writt to the same elect, And to that 
end wee desire yow will please to make a returne to us by 
way of advice in the premisses, which wee shall loveingly and 
freely embrace and from time to time attend to what may 
be adjudged necessary and commodious by the whole for 
the publick good and defence therof. Thus with our 
hearty respects wee subscribe 

Gentlemen your affectionate freinds and neighbours, 
signed by order of the Gov r and Counsell of his 
Majesties Collony of Rhod Island and provi- 
dence plantacons &c sittinge the 25 th day of 
June 1672 

John Sanford Secretary. 

[Labelled, " Letter from the Councill of Road Island, received Aug. 
9. 1672."! 


John Winthrop, Jr., to the Governor and Council of Rhode 


Hon 11 Gent" I ree'd the end of this weeke a letter sub- 
scribed by M r John Sanford by order from yourselves ; 
And have according to your desires communicated it to the 
Magistrates here ; who are all desirous of your safety and 
wellfare, and should be glad we could contribute thereunto. 
That letter from your councill was dated the 25 th of June, 
but it is but now come to our hands, and there being a 
meeting of the commissioners of the Collonies the begin- 
ning of the next month, appointed to be at Plimoth. We 
think it may be the most seasonable opportunity then for 
considering of ways and expedients for the safety of all the 
Colonies, and do recommend unto your consideration, 
whether that time would not be convenient for vourselves 

84 The Winthrop Papers. 

to send some fit person, or more to that meeting, whereby 
you may be much more satisfied in what your letter im- 
ports, by obtaining the united advice for the publick defence 
and safety of all his Majestys colonies in these parts — 
which is all at present besides most cordial salutations 

Your affectionate friend 

J. Winthrop. 
Hartford Aug. 15. 1672. 


Samuel Willis and John Winthrop, Jr., to Sir George Car- 

Right Honourable 

There having divers persons of good repute and ap- 
proved integrity who were formerly improved in publicke 
offises in this Colony, viz : M r Jaspar Crane, M r John 
Odgden, M r Robert Bond, M r Abraham Peirson, M r Brewen 
with many of their Lovinge Neighbours and freinds, wel 
disposed men, of sober, and peacable, conversation did 
Transplant them selves And famalys into your Honours 
Province, who beinge persons well known to us, But stran- 
gers to your Honour desired us to give you our carracter 
of them. That soe they might not bee misrepresented, 
whose presence in this Colony was both acceptable, and 
usefull, and theire returne To us would bee very gratfull. 
But that wee would promote in your Honours Colony that 
good worke of subdueing the Earth, and replenishinge of it. 
which in this remote, desert part of the world never For- 
merly inhabitted nor Cultivated is A very diffecult worke, 
and requires much hard Labour, to subdue so Ruff and 
woody A wildernesse, In this Cold clymat where clothinge 
is very Deare, beinge soe far distant From the Market. 
Soe that the people will need the more encouragment 
which we doubt not upon all occasions will bee afforded 

Upon which the progresse x4.nd prosperity of your prov- 
ince doth depend. 

The Winthrop Papers. 85 

In order to which we would further make bould to sug- 
gest unto your Honours Wisdome, and prudence, As very 
expedient, that your Colony be Branched out into Conven- 
ient Townshipps, which we finde Best Conducinge to Saf- 
ty, and the advansinge of Civill Sociatys. 

Thus wishinge your Honour all prosperity in the well- 
settlement of this your American Province — wee are. 

[Labelled, " Copy [" dravvne " is here erased] to Sir George Carteret : 
transcribed by M r Willis out of his draft — July 2. 1673."] 


John Winthrop, Jr., to John Berry. 

For the Wor 11 Captaine John Berry Dep ty Governour of 
the Colony of New Jarsy — eld. 

Honored Sir — 

Such misinformations which upon reading your letter I 
might apprehend you had received, I have desired Capt : 
Nicolls to discourse with you concerning my answer to 
them, being not in a capacity of writing largely at present, 
and have shewed him the copy of that letter, wherein I 
Joyned with M r Samuell Willis to Sir George Carterett, 
whereof you may please to peruse a transcript, which he 
hath taken with him : And desire you to be assured, that 
it hath beene very farr from my acting or intentions, to in- 
courage, or invite any one to a removall thence — I have 
often, at their first beginning there and since, as I had occa- 
sion, incouraged that good publicke designe of planting that 
place, and am alwaies desirous to promote the prosperous 
increase of those plantations and therein, and all other good 
respects to be ever 

Your very reall servant 

John Winthrop. 

Hartford July 29. 1673. 

[Labelled, " Copy to Capt John Berry."] 

86 The Winthrop Papers, 

Francis Lovelace to John Winthrop, Jr. 

An extract of a letter from Col. Lovelace directed to Gov r 
Winthrop : Dated Thursday at \ of the Clock being the 
31 th of July as followeth. 

Deare Sir — At Newhaven I received the unwelcome 
newes of the Dutch approach before New York, I call it 
unwelcome in regard I was not in the place, they appeared 
at first with 10 sayle afterwards 17: Yesterday about 5 
or 6 of the clock they stormed it, a hot dispute (it seemes 
it was) how the success was I cannot as yet learne : they 
I understand have breakfasted on all my sheep and Cattle 
at Staten Island, I am hastening as fast as I can to make 
one, God spare me but to get in and I doubt not but to 
give a good account of it Your Gentlemen have formed a 
post from M r Richbels to you pray let it be continued for 
intelligence, it will be necessary to forme a militia, for if it 
should miscarry they must not radicate long I am yet out of 
their power and am hastening now over to Long Island to 
rayse the militia there, you shall heare of my motion, pray 
despatch away to Boston. I have no more God Almighty 
preserve you, and send us a happy meeting if not heere yet 
hereafter which is much better, I am your affectionate freind 

Francis Lovelace. 

[This is a copy ; by whom made I am not certain. It looks like Mr. 
Willis's hand. It is labelled, in the same hand as the copy, " Coll. Love- 
laces letter to the Gov r at Hartford July 31 st 1673." — J. B.] 


The Southampton Declaration. 

South Hampton August the 29' 7i 1673. 

To All or Any of his Majestys subjects in either the Colonjes 
of the Massachusetts or Hartford or Plymouth or else- 
Wee the Inhabitants of the sayd Towne doe hereby in all 

respective wise, shew and declare that the Monhatoes 

The Winthrop Papers. 87 

called New York when under the Government of his Royall 
Hignes the Duke of Yorke being lately and suddainly taken 
by the Dutch ffleet and this our Towne amongst the rest sum- 
moned by their power at 6 or 7 dayes warning to submitt 
to their Government to take the oath of Alleagiance unto the 
Prince of Orange to choose officers under them and to de- 
liver up to them the badge of Civil and Millitary power ; 
namely the Constables staffe, and the Colonels ; upon our 
observation of which Command they promise to us in their 
sajd declaration or summons — equall priviledge with their 
owne nation : but uppon our refusall or default therein, they 
threaten by force of Armes to subdue us to the sajd obedj- 
ence, when the sajd conditions should not be granted to 
us : — Whereupon our poore Towne being strucke with 
amazement in our extreame exigency sent a messenger 
forth, to Hartford to his Majesty s Authority there, for their 
advice or helpe, but received no Incouragement to stand out 
of our selves — although they favored us so farr as to con- 
sider our Condition ; and sent two messengers to New 
Yorke to know the Generalls intent concerning the five 
eastern Townes on Long Island, our messengers meeting 
with theirs from Hartford at New Yorke, after they had 
spake with the Dutch Generall at the very expiration of the 
time they allowed us in their sumons, and most earnestly 
requesting advice of them they were shye, and cautious 
then to give advice to our messengers but referred them 
to Capt. Sylvester who came from Hartford with them, and 
he advised our messengers by all meanes, our Towne 
should submitt to the Dutch Government our sajd messen- 
gers returning and acquainting the Towne therewith, who 
duely weighed these following considerations — first that by 
good Information there came to New Yorke 23 shipps 
whereof were Seven men of warr with a fire-ship. 
2 dly The ffort and Citty which was our head quarters was 
taken as Aforesajd and surrendered without capittulation or 

3 dly . Our Governour Lovelace although upon Long Isl- 
and sent us no word of comand or advice, what wee should 
doe or how wee should Act. 

4. Wee perceive by good Intelligence that all the Planta- 
tions west of Oyster Bay on the Island with the adjacent 

88 The Winthrop Papers. 

Townes of N : Jarsey had submitted to the Dutch Govern- 

5. By Creddible Information, the aforesajd ffleete con- 
sists of Statesmen of warre, and privateers who having no 
purchas are to have no pay, and are dayly solicitous for 
comissions to Plunder and spoyle either us or any of his 
Majestyes subjects. 

6. Not only the Townes on the West end of the Island 
but also the other foure Townes on this east end sometimes 
combined with us seeing no way open to secure themselves 
from the violence of the adversary did submitt themselves 
to the Dutch Government upon some termes, whereupon, 
wee a lone Plantation destitute of help from abroad and few 
in number of our selves, and being prevented of suitable 
suppljes of ammunition wee could not but conceive that 
wee must of necessity follow our neighbour Townes in Sub- 
mitting to the Dutch Goverment and this wee thought meet 
to write as a true and just accompt of the procedure in this 
concerne ; to take of an aspertion cast upon us as though 
wee should freely submitt to this forreigne Government. 

^furthermore whiles these presents lay open upon signing 
came in a known Indian, and Informed that the Dutch have 
furnished their Plantations of the Indians at the West End 
arms and powder and shott to make freinds with them. 

John Howell Daniel Sayer Henry Peirson 

his mark Obadiah Rogers Thomas Halsey 

L John Laughton Samuel Clarke 

Joseph Reynor Zerubbabel Phillips John Mepdam 

John Davis Thomas Cooper Thomas Goldsmith 

Thomas Halsey, Jun b Joseph Barnes John Biishop 

Ffrancis Sayer Christopher Lupton Robert Wolley 

Job Sayer Jonathan Tapping Thomas Reeves 

Samuell Tokers Joseph Wildman Jonathan Reyner. 
W M Russell 

That this is a true copie Rec d 6. September 73 with the 
letter from South-Hampton by M r Copor [Brought?] hith- 
er. Attest 

Edward Rawson Secret. 

[Labelled, " Southamton declaration sent to Boston 1673." This is 
in the handwriting of Governor Winthrop ; the remainder in that of Sec- 
retary Rawson, I think. — J. B.] 

The Wintkrop Papers. 89 


John Wintkrop, Jr., to the Council of Connecticut. 

For the honored Samuel Willis Esq re and the other Gentle- 
men of the Councell of his Majestys Colony of Connect- 
icutt at Hartford dd. 


Having seriously considered the present state of matters 
with reference to the good people, his Majestys subjects 
our dear countrymen upon Long Island their further mo- 
tion for assistance and the late attempts of their enemy the 
Dutch upon them I cannot but judge it necessary to send 
over a sufficient number of men for their helpe, and desire 
your speedy concurrence therein, that this opportunity may 
not be overslipped for the effecting thereof by a ready 
meanes of transportation in M r Lord's vessel, or others now 
in this river, and for the charge of those that should be now 
thought needfull to be for that service : I doe heartily in- 
gage for due satisfaction thereof, that there may be no det- 
riment for want of such addition means capable for that 
supply — by which upon necessity and many weighty and 
pregnant reasons is recommended to your most serious con- 

From your affectionate friend J. W. 

[Labelled, " Copy to the Councell." A rough draft. —J. B.] 


Samuel Epps to Filz-John Wintkrop. 
To Captaine Fitz-John Winthrop at New London. 

Boston Dec r 5. 1673. 

Worthy Sir — 

After due salutations tendered ; by these you may be 
pleased to know that your unworthy relation Epps is ac- 
cording to M r Harlackenden Symonds his aphorisme compos 

VOL, x. 12 

90 The Winthrop Papers. 

mentis, tho now between sleeping and wakeing, it being ac- 
cording to the Bell-man, near thirteen of the clock alias 
towards morning ; and so, much indisposed to scrible ; yet 
cant omit such an opportunity to testily my unfeigned re- 
spect to your honor, and my thankfull remembrance of your 
multiplyed undeserved favours ; the retaliateing of those 
courtesyes by which I am obliged in the strictest bondes of 
amity and reall respect unto you, I must defer till my poor 
ability is raised and my capacity heightend a peg or two 
higher then at present they are : true it is I was long enough 
in your company to have received some beams of ingenuity 
at least by reflection from such an illustrious a sun and de- 
rived some streams of eloquence from soe plentifull a foun- 
taine ; and so have payed you in your own coine, have 
served you in your kinde ; but my cloudy cerebrosity my 
dull and stupid sconce like ould muddy-pated Damaetas is 
as dark and over cast with grosse ignorance as ever ; I 
have almost forgotten to speak much more to write to such 
a master of language, discretion adviseth to silence, civility 
commands to say something though Pie confesse it be noth- 
ing to the purpose : Sir as for newes the bearer's will soon 
out doe my pen, only least he forget it, Uncle Lack is come 
over in his own person as little varying from himself as most 
that have travelled the world as he hath done, hath as high 
an apprehension of his own prowesse valour activity, inge- 
nuity understanding, wit and memory as any in old or New 
England can have of him ; he saith he w T ent out with noth- 
ing, spent 100 ,ib - there, and is 100 Iib better then when he 
left New England ; his relations have sent him over to lay 
in for an heir (to bear the name of John) to possesse the 
inheritance : a relation of particular passages and his de- 
portment among Lords, Ladyes &c a would lengthen my 
Epistle from hence to Niantick therefore if you'l excusa- 
tion me thus far Pie molestation you no further — but rest 
— Remaining, noble Sir, your cordiall, unfeigned affection- 
ate freind and servant as sure as a Clubb 

Samuell Epps. 

Sir, my place of residence at present is at M r John Pin- 
chons house in Boston (whose pretty wife is grown preg- 
nant, but when she looks her I know not) and to speake 

llic Winthrop Papers. 91 

in the sight and sence of my own imbecility if such an in- 
considerable fellow might promise himself so much hon- 
our and bappinesse as to receive a line or two from your 

hands by the next occasion ; it would turn (verte fol :) 
my melancbolly into merriment, and make me as happy as 
can be imagined I should be, liveing at so uncomfortable a 

distance from yourselle ; whose amiable society (credit me) I 
as greatly delight in as in any mortal! whatsoeve, not except- 
ing those pretty she creatures that live round about me ; 
whose attractive beauty were enough to overcome a more 
abstemious person then myselfe and draw me out of the 
Bachelours Row, had I not such an example of temperance 
and sobriety as yours is, to be guided by ; whose judgment 
as to the conveniency and betternesse of a single life I have 
not hitherto contradicted ; though haply wee shall both of 
us be better advised as wee grow oulder. Your friend 
and relations here are all through favour in good condition. 


[This Samuel Epps (as lie spells his name) was graduated at Harvard 
College in theyear 1669 (see College Catalogue), — so I guess. It seems 
that Captain Fhz-John Winthrop was vet a baehelor in December, 1673. 
— J. B.] 

Fit z- John Winthrop to John Allyn. 

The copye of a letter to Capt. John Allyn Secretary of the 
Colony of Connecticut^ 

Honored Sir — I have not time to give you an account 
o( the particular transactions (as they have passed) that 
hapned since last I had the favour to kiss your hands, 
and hope I may be excused if I can but just men- 
tion my obedience to the command I received, from the 
Governour and Council, at Hartford, and that in attend- 
ance thereunto I immediately raised those forces they were 
pleased to command and had the ready assistance of the 
Authority of New London and Stonington for speedy dis- 
patch in order to the prosecution of my commission, and 
by good Providence had the opportunity of a fair wind to 

92 The Winthrop Papers. 

Shelter Island, where I stopt a few hours for intelligence, 
but met with nothing considerable to our purpose — but 
Capt. Sylvester's great civility to myself and company, as 
we were servants to the Colony, which he so much hon- 
ours : And I believe (if my experience therein upon former 
publiq : occasions may give a judment of his generous en- 
tertainment) no particular interest has out done him : but 
to pass these engagements, which are fit only a colonies 
acknowledgment, I must add, that after a little discourse 
with him we set sail for South hold, and had no sooner re- 
ceived the welcome of those people but I had intelligence 
by a post directed to Capt : Younge from Seatakot, that the 
ship Snow, with 1 ketch and 2 sloopes, were anchored at 
the White Stone, waiting a fair wind for this place, and that 
a person from New York of credible intelligence added this 
information, that they were bound hither with great resolu- 
tion to reduce or destroy the townes on the East end of 
Long Hand : Upon which intelligence I immediately de- 
spatched an express to Capt. Howell at Southampton, and 
the chief officer at East Hampton to give them notice there- 
of and that I desired their company here to consider the 
best way for the preservation of these towns : And in few 
hours I had the opportunity of consultation with them ; and 
in particular did consider how far we might act in defend- 
ing the provisions which they expected at Shelter Hand, 
but upon good consideration amongst us viz : M r Hubbard, 
the minister of Boston, M r Richard Smith and M r Brinly, it 
was thought most expedient to take no notice of the ene- 
my in that particular, but to apply all our force in securing 
the town : This being Saturday, and having considered 
what might most conduce to our present security, I gave 
order to Capt Howell to raise 40 soldiers out of the trained 
band of Southampton to be ready at an hour's warning under 
the command of his Lieutenant, and orders to the Lieut : 
of East Hampton to raise 20 to be commanded by his el- 
dest sergeant ; and hoped that we might thereby be in a 
condition to receive the enemy. These officers being re- 
turned, and a good watch kept at the best places to discov- 
er any vessel that might be in the Sound, and the Wind 
being that night fair for them, we were ready every minute 
to receive news of their coming, which being expected 

The Winthrop Papers. 93 

would be no great surprise to us. On Sabaoth day morn- 
ing about 7 of the clock, I had intelligence that the ship 
with 1 ketch and 2 sloops were shot within plumrne gut 
having then the wind and the tide faire to bring them up, 
which at first did something startle the people, but they soon 
recovered of that fear, and thought it was then time to look 
about us, and provide for our defence. In order whereunto, 
I immediately despatched an express to Capt. Howell for 
those soldiers at Southampton, and East Hampton, who 
were with me sooner than I could expect, with great reso- 
lution to assist their neighbours — but the ship stopping at 
Shelter Hand, and demanding the provision of Capt. Syl- 
vester, who finding himself in no condition to resist them, 
therefore with the advice of the officers the day before, 
thought it might be most for his safety, and the peace of his 
family, being then at the mercy of an enemy (they having 
landed 50 armed men) to comply with their demands, and 
by their order was forced to deliver the provision the same 
hour, which they immediately shipped : But before they 
could despatch (the tide being spent) they anchored there 
that night, and in the morning set sail having an easy gale, 
and the advantage of the tide were soon up against the 
town, where he placed his squadron in an handsome order, 
and whilst he was preparing to land his men, and bringing all 
his great guns to bear upon us : Capt. Sylvester being then 
on board endeavouring to divert his hostility, and prevent 
the shedding of blood, was desired by the Commander to 
deliver their demand to myself, which he was willing to do, 
and it was in these w r ords as neer as I can remember, that 
he was come there to demand subjection to the high and 
mighty States General, and his Serene Highness, the Prince 
of Orange, and that upon their surrender, they should enjoy 
the same privileges that were confirmed to the rest of the 
towns, but upon refusal he would destroy them with fire 
and sword : As soon as I received this message I in- 
formed the officers and soldiers thereof, who unanimously 
resolved to oppose them to the utmost hazard of their lives 
— whereupon I returned this answer to the Commander in 
Cheif — Sir, yours by Capt. Sylvester I have received, and 
in return thereunto I give you this answer, That I am here 
appointed by the authority of his Majesty's colony of Con- 

94 The Winthrop Papers. 

necticutt, to secure these people in obedience to his Majes- 
ty, and by God's assistance, I hope to give a good account 
thereof, and you may assure yourself, that I will receive you 
in the same condition, as a person that disturbs his Majes- 
ty's subjects : After they had received this answer and 
Capt. Sylvester being returned to his Hand, they filled their 
sloops with men, and made all preparations to land ; which 
we easily perceived, and were ready to entertain them with 
50 men, which I placed a forlorn-hope. His sloops being 
ready to put off, and all things fit, he fired one of his great 
guns upon us ; but the shot grazing by the disadvantage 
of the ground did no hurt to our men. Having received his 
kindness I gave order to return him thanks by firing a 
piece of ordnance upon him ; but the shot falling at his 
fore foot did him no hurt — whereupon he fired 2 more 
great guns, and his small shot, which fell thick but did us 
no hurt — We then presently answered with our forlorn 
and another shot from our ordnance : Many of our small 
shot hitting the ship as we could perceive, but know not of 
any hurt done him — Whereupon he presently weighed 
and set sail, and being little wind, we had opportunity to 
observe his motion so far as " Plumme Gutt " • — Since 
when our scouts have not discovered any of them in the 
sound —But I suppose he will convey the provisions neer 
their quarters, and then return to do us what mischief he 
can, as he told Capt. Sylvester. Sir, I hope your goodness 
will excuse this rude relation, being hurried in contriving for 
our security, and I am doubtfull unless the council will yet 
favour these towns with their continued assistance, that they 
may be unhappily surprised : I have now humbly to en- 
treat some orders and directions for myself, and hope the 
Councill will please to consider of some fitter person to 
manage this great affair, which I find too heavy for me : 
This is all I have time to present at present, but my humble 
entreaties to the Councill for their speedy direction ; to 
whom be pleased to present my duty ; and I hope that you 
will please to believe that I am 

Hon d Sir, your faithful humble servant 

J. Winthrop. 
South hold Feb. 25 th 1673. 

[Labelled, " Copy to Capt. Allyn, from South hold."] 

The Winthrop Papers. 95 


The Governor and Council of Connecticut to Fitz-John 


These For the Honor d Major John Winthrop at South 
Hampton, East hampton, or South hold This. 

Hartford March 2. 167 J. 
Major Winthrop 

Sir — By an expresse from Major Palmes last night we 
received the inteligence of your proceedings at Long Isl- 
and, by a relation thereof in writeing, and by your letter to 
our Secretary, and doe rejoyce in the good hand of God 
upon your endeavoures for the preservation of those people 
in their obedience to his Majestie, and doe hereby returne 
you and your whole company our thankes for your good 
service therein, and hope we shall be ready to render a 
suitable reward for your good service as we shall be able. 

And for our farther directions to your selfe for future ac- 
tions — What we can say at present is, that it is our de- 
sire that your selfe would be pleased with those with you to 
continue your aboade upon the Island for the present to as- 
sist and defend the people there till at least these present 
motions of the Dutch be over, We have sent to the Bay for 
a man of warr, to cleare the coasts which we speedily ex- 
pect, at her arrivall we hope the people on the Island may 
be more secure, and then you may have the more liberty to 
visit the mayne We suppose the Dutch in their last expe- 
dition took what strength they could spare for the designe, 
and prosecuted the same with their best courage, and being 
so bravely repulsed by the resolute and couragious opposi- 
tion of your selfe and company, we hope they will not 
venture agayne. However your continuance and cour- 
agious management of the militia there we hope may suffice 
to quell the Dutch in their farther proceedings untill they 
receive more forraine Assistance, which we hope may be 
prevented by some English recruits, which we heare may 
dayly be expected — We have not to ad but our respects 
and that we are your affectionate friends the Governour and 
Councill — 

Signed ffi their order p me 

John Allyiv Secret r y. 

96 The Winthrop Papers. 

Sir possible you may heare from us & M r Lord next 

[Labelled, " M r Allyn Sec y March 2. 167f ." Capt. Sprague and Capt. 
Mosely were sent to clear the Sound of the Dutch; — see letters of Gov- 
ernor Leverett and Secretary Rawson, March 30. — J. B.] 


John Leverett to John Winthrop, Jr. 

These for the Hon ble John Winthrop Esq re Governour of 
Connectecot Jurisdiction, present at Hartford. 

Hon d Sir — 

Yours signed by your Secretary from your selfe and 
counsell came not to my hands untill the 29 th of the last 
month, w ch I communicated to the Magistrates mett at Court 
together with a narative I received from M r Hubbard of the 
action of the Dutch at Southhold the 23 d day, and allthough 
I cannot answere your just expectation and desire I cannot 
be wholy sylent least I should render myselfe negligent of 
that respect I owe unto you and your Counsell : truth is the 
generall voague of the averseness of the people to ingage 
in any acts of hostility against the dutch, occations retard- 
ing of comeing to any conclusion tending thereto : and the 
nigh approach of the Generall Courts meeting is urgent to 
suspend answere to yours untill that time : I am sorry 
that our Coun sells are so tedious and not more conjunct, 
what the Lords meaneing may be in it wheither for Judg- 
ment or mercy time must manefest. I may be acounted by 
some too forward to take to armes and by some too back- 
ward, I doe write it for truth I doe not delight in warr, and 
must likewise say I am against delays in dangers, and 
fore slowing oppertunitys, and giveing advantage to the en- 
imy that insults, upon pretences that will not lye square at 
all times upon any ground : I feare God is bringing upon 
us what we would endeavour to avoide, by our neglect of 
what we might have done and God calls us to (I wish I be 
mistaken). Sir I really pitty the townes of East End of 
Long Island, and will not be wanting to apply myselfe to 

The IVinlhrop Papers. 97 

endeavour their reliefe and am not without hopes that the 
next weeke upon the Courts comeing together we may doe 
some thing, according to our capassity for that end we have 
no late intelligence out of Europe, therefore cannot commu- 
nicate any thing worthy your notice : this winter severall 
Aged persons, god hath taken from the Evill to come 
amongst others M rd Colborn, and lately Thomas Gold : At 
present we are in a good measure of health blessed be the 
Lord : with the giveing my true respects to your selfe and 
the Magistrates I commend you to the Lord and remaine 

Sir your humble serv 1 

John : Leverett. 
Boston 3 March 1674. 

The inclosed I received this instant and by these present 
them to you for your use the composuer was by the rev- 
erend M r John Sherman of Water towne. 

[Labelled, " Gov r Leveret of March 3. 1673," in Governor Winthrop's 


The Governor and Council of Massachusetts to the Gov- 
ernor and Council of Connecticut 

These for the Right Worshipfull John Winthrop Esq re Gov r 
of his Majestys Colony on Connectecot present To be 
communicated to the Generall Court, or Councill there. 

Gentlemen — 

After many agitations and considerations of our present 
state in refference to the late and present actings of the 
Dutch in the Sound, and confidence and assurance of your 
compljance with us according to our articles, and your last 
invitations and incouragements ; our Generall Court have 
ordered two vessels to be forthwith equipped as men of 
warr, to secure the passage through the Sound and to re- 
press the present insolency of the Dutch ; for the preserva- 
tion of the Honor and reputation of our Nation and the 
assurance and incouragement of our flfriends and allyes ; 

VOL. x. 13 

98 The Winthrop Papers. 

not doubting but a few dayes will furnish us with such intel- 
ligence as may direct our future counsells and actings ; 
which wee shall with all diligence impart unto you ; wee 
are now endeavoring with all expedition to put the Generall 
Courts order in execution ; and wee doubt not but before 
or soon after these come to your hand you will be satisfied 
of the well accomplishment thereof: Commending this af- 
faire, yourselves and all Counsels thereabouts to the speciall 
guidance and blessing of the Almighty ; wee remaine, 

Gent 3 , By order of the Gov r and Council of the 
Massachusets in New Eng d your assured lov- 
ing fFriends and confederates 

Edward Rawson Secret 7 . 

Boston 14< /l March 167|. 

Post script. 

Sir, Our Generall Court have ordered and appointed 
the 26 Instant March, to be kept as a day of Humiliation 
throout our Colony to humble our selves before him un- 
der the senc of our being exercised with various difficul- 
ties and trialls particularly the breaking forth of notorious 
and scandalous sins among us : many persons straitned 
with respect to scarcity of Graine &c danger of Warr 
threatning us, the condition of our native country, and the 
people of God elsewhere in Europe: respecting the warr, 
and other troubles ; and to seek the Lord's speciall favour 
and blessing on the Country' endeavours and the labours of 
the people the yeare ensuing. 

One Benjamin Goad a youth of 17 or 18 is condemned 
to dye on the 2 d of Aprill for his comitting that abhord sin 
of Bestiality on a mare in the road : between Milton and 
Roxbury fully evident and by him since fully confest that 
he lived in that sin this 12 months. 

With my service to you subscribe 

Your humble servant 

Edw. Rawson Sec. 

[Labelled, "M r Rawson rec d March 24."] 

The Winthrop Papers. 99 


Matthias JVicolls to John Winthrop, Jr. 

These, To the Hon bl ° John Winthrop Esq re Governour of 
his Majesties Colony of Connecticott — present — At 

Hon bl * Sir — 

Although now some months of my Retirement have past, 
since I have given myselfe the honour or you the trouble 
of my unpolisht lynes, yet in the midst of my solitudes, I 
have not beene forgetfull as of my duty to enquire after, 
and pray for your good health and prosperity, so upon occa- 
sion of presenting you my best Respects, The last oppor- 
tunity of both which was lately by M r Willis, by whom I 
thought to have writte, but his haste prevented mee : 

Having now this next oppertunity by one of Wethers- 
field, I was not willing to keepe silence any longer, as if 
with the winter season my pen and senses were still con- 
gealed, but in immitacon of the approaching spring, which 
begins to set forth her buds and sproutes, so I can doe no 
lesse then renew my gratefull Acknowledgments for the 
many Civilityes and favours your honour hath beene pleased 
to vouchsafe unto mee, the which hath layne greater obli- 
gacons on mee then I can expresse. 

Wee have here our share of the various Rumours and 
Reports as well from Boston and those parts Eastward, as 
Virginia and Maryland westward, both which seeme to 
agree, in that some ships are designed by his Majesty for 
the Reducement of New Yorke, the certainty whereof a 
litle time will discover, In mean time I feare the exercise 
of the Virtue of Patience will bee requisite : However 
while there life some hope remaines. 

S r I did with great satisfaction read your honours noble 
son Major Winthrops letter, which M r Willis was pleased 
to shew mee, relating the late passages at the East End of 
Long Island, when the Dutch Comanders went away, 
without the cheife part of their Errand, for their carrying 
of the Provisions from Shelter Island, was (it may bee) but 
the least part of it : I question whether the Inhabitants 

100 The Winthrop Papers. 

there, doe not owe their present safety and freedome from 
the Dutch yoake,to that Gentlemans presence amongst them, 
whose well temperd Resolucon (as it put life in them then, 
so upon a greater occasion may prove alike successefull. 

I could heartily wish the United Colonyes here would 
agree to anticipate the Expectacons from Europe, in which 
as there would bee great honour, so the attempt need not 
feare successe, if backt with speedy Resolucon, for there is 
a great dampe at present upon most of the spirits of the 
Ennemy at New Yorke : 

Worthy Sir — I have humbly beg your honours pardon 
for this presumptive discourse and that you'l please to put a 
favourable Construction thereon, and with all continue mee in 
some measure in your good Grace, which you have hitherto 
so kindely shewne unto 
Hon ble Sir 

Your honours most obedient humble servant 

Matthias : Nicolls. 

Stratford. March. \6 th 167-J. 

[Labelled, " Capt : Nicolls rec d about March 19."] 


The Governor and Council of Massachusetts to the Governor 
and Council of Connecticut. 

These for the Right Worshipfull John Winthrop Esq re Gov r 
of his Majestjes Colony of Conecticott. present with 
speed — To be communicated to the Council there. 

Boston 30 th March 1674. 
Sir — 

I am required by our Honoured Governour and Council 
sitting in Boston on their adjournment; to inform you, that 
the 2 Vessels in my last mentioned ; the Swallow of Salem 
a Catch of Sixty tunns, which carrys 12 gunns with 60 
men whereof Richard Sprague is Captaihe and Command- 
er in cheife ; and the Catch Salisbury of neere the like 
burthen, with 8 gunns and forty men, whereof Samuel 

The JVinthrop Papers. 101 

Mosely is Captaine ; both fitted and furnished with Ammui- 
tion and provissions, are now ready to saile and cruise up 
and downe the Sound on the service of the Colonjes ; ac- 
cording to the order of our last General Court. Commend- 
ing you and this affaire to the speciall Guidance and bless- 
ing of the Almighty remajne 

Gentlemen By order of the Governour and Coun- 
cil of the Massachusetts your affectionate friends 
and confederates 

Edward Rawson Secret 7 . 

Sir, In case the sayd Capts and Vessells should stay 
and be longer in those parts than is expected — It is de- 
sired that you would give order to your officers in the Sea- 
port towns within your limitts to accomodate them with 
men or provisions if they neede and desire the same on the 
Colony's account taking their receipts. 

[Labelled, " M r Rawson from Gov r and Council rec d April 7. 1674."] 


John Lever e It to John Winthrop, Jr. 

Honourable Sir — 

by my last I advised that I was not hopeless but that 
upon the meeting of the General Court there would be 
provission made for the securing the Collonyes Navigation 
in the Sound, the conclusion whereof I doubt not but by 
the Secretary you have receyved an account we are upon 
the dispatch of two vessels one of twelve and one other of 
Eight Gunns. in both 100 men or thereabouts Capt. 
Sprage and Capt Mosley Commanders, the 23 th of this 
month I receyved by way of Virginia a letter of the 28 th 
October from London which sayth that yesterday the Par- 
liament mett, under the Speakers chayre was an wodden 
shoe and a Crocifix with something in writing, his Majesty 
desyred then to rayse him monney also take in to consid- 
eration the monney due to the bankers ; Letters advise 
the Prince of Orange is joyned with the Emperour the 

102 The Winthrop Papers. 

dutch suppose that if our Kyng doe not come in the Span- 
yard wil declare warr against him they report the Emperial- 
ists have burned several places and rainged, doeing mis- 
cheif within foure myles of Collen ; the fFrench accompts 
himself sure that the Svveed wil joyne with him ; at pres- 
ent heare of noe ships for New Yorke; the Chanell doe 
and are like to abound with Capers A Spanish, and Dutch 
Ambassadour are expected over in a little tyme ; from the 
Governour of Jamaica I receyved a letter the 27 th this 
moneth whoe gives me inteligence that the Governour of 
fFrench Tertugas upon pretence of dissattisfaction about the 
ship cald the flying devill had plundered one of our ships 
Thomas Edwards takeing out his porke and other provis- 
sions for which he wrote him a complemental letter by way 
of apollogy upon which the Governour of Jamaca sent a 
vessel and some persons on purpose to demand other sat- 
isfaction and withal to let him knowe he cannot alow that 
any of the Kyngs subjects to be plundered by pretences 
or portugal letters of Mart, and that the loss fals on the 
Island and the Kyngs service because those provissions 
weare for his ships wherefore he might expect that he 
should send men of warr on that coast to defend the mar- 
chants that pass by it; he sayth they have had noe ship 
nor newes from England of ten monthes that reports among 
them is that Sir Thomas Modiford is out of the Tower and 
that he with Genral Morgan is comeing to Jamaca to that 
Government with Eight fregates and twoe thousand men to 
make warr upon the Spanyard ; through mercy we are 
Genrally in good health blessed be God onely ould M rs 
Clarke D r Clarkes widdow is lately taken sicke I hope 
your strength is returned to you since my first and last fitt 
of the stone I have had good health blessed be God, my 
kynde respects presented to your selfe and magistrates of 
your Councel I commend you to the Lord and remayne 
Sir your humble servant 

John : Leverett. 
Boston 30 March 1674. 

[The superscription is gone. — J. B.] 

The Winthrop Papers. 1 03 



Matthias Nicolls to John Winthrop, Jr. 

These To the hon ble John Winthrop Esq r Governour of his 
Majesties Colony of Conecticott, present In Hartford. 

Stratford April IV 1674. 
Hon ble Sir — 

I am obliged to your honour for yours of the 17 th March 
wherein you were pleased to signify the Report you had 
by a Gentleman from Boston, of the taking of a Dutch Ves- 
sell a litle before Winter by the Plymouth Frygott supposed 
to bee bound for New Yorke, the which her loading and 
provision seemes to make it very probable : I have since 
heard her taking confirmed by one that came over in M r 
Greenoes ship, the Dutchman being a Flushinger and 
brought in a prize into Plymouth whilst their ship rid 
there : It may bee taken notice of and lookt upon as a 
seconding Providence to that of the frustrating M r Van 
Ruyvens intended voyage for Holland, the ship hee he was 
in being not able to get off, but was still driven back upon 
the Coast, till shee became a wreck in a manner, which was 
no small disappointment to the Dutch Interest in these 
parts : Wee must acknowledge all things to bee at the 
disposall of the Almighty, and may hope that as many 
things did concurre and contribute to the losse of New 
Yorke the last yeare from the English in favour of the 
Dutch, the same over-ruling power may blesse the meanes 
for its Recovery, and with-hold their expected succours, 
whose arrivall would render the reducement more difficult. 
I humbly thanke your honour for the kind advertisement you 
are pleased to give mee, of concealing hereafter the name 
of any friend that shall give advice of newes from amongst 
the Dutch, I acknowledge my errour in that to M r Willis, 
which I did suppose would goe noe further then himselfe 
or a friend or two of his, however I shall bee more cautious 
for the future : Mee thinkes its strange there hath beene 
no further confirmacon of the Newes from Maryland or Vir- 
ginia, the Alarum whereof was at first so hot, in some short 

104 The Winthrop Papers. 

time wee may have I hope better satisfaction. Wee have 
of late had Intelligence by the way of Roade Island of great 
hopes of Peace, how true wee must expect with Patience, 
I returne your honour hearty thankes for your care in con- 
veying my letter this way, as also for your Courteous re- 
membrance of mee by M r Martin and in M r Chancy's letter, 
whose occasions carrying him your way, hee hath promised 
to doe mee the favour to deliver this to your hands : I 
have not further, but the tender of mine and my wives best 
and dutifull respects to your honour, so I take leave being 
Hon ble Sir, your most obliged humble servant 

Matthias : Nicolls. 

[Labelled, " Capt. Nicolls rec d April 15. 1674."] 


John Leverett to John Winthrop, Jr. 

These for the Hon ble John Winthrop, Esq re Governour of 
the Collony of Connectecott, present at Hartford. 

Boston 8. may. 1674. 
Honourable Sir — 

Yesterday arived a vessel belonging to Charlestowne 
from Scotland had a months passage brings newes of the 
confirmation of peace betweene England and Holland. 
The Articles are that imediately al hostility shal cease on 
both sydes ; after twelve dayes publication, noe hostility 
from the soundings to the Naz in Norway nor after the 
terme of six weekes betwixt the soundings and Tanger nor 
after ten weekes from Tanger to the iEquator neither in 
the ocean mediteranian or elswhere, nor after the terme of 
eight monthes in any part of the world the publication of 
peace in London was the 28 feb y last. 

The states General to give due acknowledgement of the 
fflag whether singl or in ffleets in any of the seas from 
Cape ffinister to the midle poynt of the Land Van Staten 
in Norway to any ship or vessell, belonging to his majesty 
of Greate Brittaine whether single or greater Nomber if they 
carry his majestyes fflag or Jacke. 

The Winthrop Papers. 105 

Provision for the Collony of Surinam for the English to 
take off sell or dispose theyr estates and slaves. 

What ever places have beene taken by eyther party from 
each other since the begining of this unhappy warr whether 
in Urope or els where and before the expiration of the 
tymes limitted for hostility be restored to the former owner 
in the same condition it shalbe in at the tyme of the publi- 
cation of the peace. 

That the Treaty of Braecla made in y e year 1667 as all 
other Treatyes confirmed by the said Treaty remain in full 
force and vigour so far forth as they contradict nothing in 
this present Treaty. 

That the maine Treaty made at the Hague betweene the 
tvvoe parties in the yeare 1668 be continued for nine months 
after the publication of this present treaty unless othewayes 
agreed on by a subsequent Treaty, in the meane tyme the 
consideration of a new one to be referd to the same Com- 
missioners to whome the Trade in the East jndyes is referd. 

That a just regulation of Trade and particularly in the 
East Indyes That be referd. and 

That the States Generall promise to pay 800,000 palacons 
one fourth on the Rattification of the Treaty the rest in three 
ensueing yeares by aequal portions upon the 24 of feb y the 
parliament was prorogued by the Lord Keeper by his Majes- 
tyes command until the 10 of November; the members of the 
house of Comons much displeased sayd to continue in and 
about London, the King intends to keep Court at Winsor 
Castl this summer in order to repayre the Court at whythal. 

the Dutch and ffrench are vigorous in theyr preparations 
for the summers action the Dutch equip 60 ships of warr 
besydes fyer ships, and it is sayde intend to ship 10,000 
men to land in some part of (France, the Emperour hye in 
preparations the princes of the Empyer al betakeing them- 
selves to armes. 

Sir there is some of our neighbours comeing up to attend 
your Courts order for to make sute to your justice for theyr 
rights in the Lands formerly taken from the pecotts and di- 
vided by consent, I doubt not but your justice wil manifest 
a constant desyer of a close keepeing to the articles of con- 
federation that none shal have cause to complaine in respect 
of theyr perticular interests and that the groweing reproach, 

VOL. x. 14 

106 The Winthrop Papers. 

upon us as if wee had outlived the honesty simplicity and 
integrety of our progenitors maybe wiped off by justice 
haveing free passage amongst us for justice sake and that 
wee may not for wildernes land quarrel one with another 
until some third or fourth may take all, Could we attend 
our Lord and masters rule in the case to beware of covet- 
ousnes it would make Answers easy to several questions in 
those cases I have noe perticuler concerne in the matter 
its the publique good and tranquility of the whole in the 
several and every part I earnestley desyer and shall indev- 
our, God helping. Sir I hope the Lord hath renewed and 
continues strength to you as through his rich mercy it is 
with us at present blessed be his Name, with my humble 
service to you 

I remayne Sir your humble servant 

John : Leverett. 

There is a fregate sayde to be comeing with foure other 
ships to bring a Governour to New Yorke I cannot learne 
the Name of the Governour. Coll. Morgan Dep 1 Gov r to 
Jamaca the Lord Carlile haveing the Government. Sir 
Henry Chisley goeing Dep 1 Governour and Leiftenant Gen- 
eral of the fforces in Virginia under Sir W m Berkley. 

[The hand of the original is quite tremulous. Labelled, " Gov r Lev- 
erett rec d May 15." —J. B.] 


William Coddington to John Leverett. 


To John Leveritt Governour of the Massachuts in Boston 
present Hast post hast for his Majesties speciall service 
by Nicho : Easton Jun r . 

Worthy Sir — 

Yesterday beeing the 8 th day of the instant, Capt. Fleet 
sayled from our harbour towards Huntington one Long Isl- 
and (where his abode is) having as aforesaid sayled neare 
so farre, as Blocke Island, espied a sayle Westward which 

The Winlhrop Papers. 107 

sudenly hee perceved came towards him upon which hee 
was in feare and made for point Jude by which time the 
aforsaid vessell was within 3 miles of him, the afforesaid 
Fleet made sayle for our harbour who was chased within 
the point called Connonicut point, then brought her tacks 
aboard and stood of to sea with her Antient out hee judges 
that shee was a man of warre, and that frigat called the 
Snow shee chasing him with studding sailes had no head 
no missen mast her forsailes out of proportion with her after 
sayles, And this day wee heard divers gunns, at sea, which 
makes us thinke they are chasing vesells upon this coast, 
this wee thought good to informe you that you may if pos- 
sible prevent dammage to the shipping. Thus with my 
loving salutations presented to thyselfe and assistants es- 
pecially to such as have knowne mee before persecution 
was when I was on of you which is all at present from 
Your antient and assured freind 

William Coddington Gov r . 

Road Island 9 th of 3 mo 1674. 

Hon d Sir Since my writting of the abovesaid certeine 
Intelligence is corned to us that the shooting Abovesaid, 
hard by us for three houres were in the pursute of a sloope, 
called by the name of John Dicksy sloope (so called) which 
was chased from point Jude up Narragansett Bay making 
many shotts at them, at last tooke them within 6 miles of 
Swansy in the sight of many witnesses, one small sloop of 
ours being wdthin a mile of them when the said sloope was 
taken they carried them away with them, the same way 
out they came in and so remaines in sight of our Island wee 
have hasted a post on purpose to give this true information 
that you may prevent what damage you cann Idem 

W. C. 

JYeivport Road Island 10'* of 3 mo. 1674. 

About 10 of the clock) Wee have given intelligence her- 
of to Plimouth and " Martins Vinyard." W. C. 

To be sent to Gov r and hon ble Councill at Connecticott. 
That what is above written is a true Copje compared with 

108 The Winthrop Papers. 

the originall receavd by our honored Gov r and read in the 
Magistrates presence being on file 

Attest Edward Rawson Secret 7 . 

[Labelled, " Gov r Coddington to Gov r Leveret sent by him to Hart- 
ford and rec d there May 15," in Gov. Winthrop's handwriting. —J. B.] 


John Sharpe to John Winthrop, Jr. 

To the hon ble John Winthrop Esq re Governour of his Majes- 
ties Collony of Conecticutt Per M r Halley Q. D. G. 

Miltford \2 th May 1674. 
Honoured Sir — 

This craves pardon for my rude departure from hartford 
without paying my respects to you and kissing your hon- 
ours hand but it was occasioned by your absence, when I 
was to visit your honour and brought your letters, the ac- 
count of the Tyranicall Reigne and Governement of our 
Dutch Lord Van Colfe, who after I sent him a petition to 
usher or prolongue my admission to my wife children and 
habitation, by y e hand of my unfaithfull Judasly and treach- 
erous travailour Isack Molyne, who at his arrivall found the 
Governour at the Bridge, concealed the surrender of New 
Yorke and only discovered the newes of Peace, the Gov- 
ernour sent to my wife to informe mee I might come in 
and returne with freedome gave mee incouragement boldly 
to goe in I delivered what letters I had for the inhabitants 
in those parts to his honours, who broke them opin, and 
read them after enquired more newes. which I satisfyed, by 
two Coppyes, of what was extant at Boston — which I tooke 
from the originalls sent from England, hee thereupon com- 
manded mee to conceale the surrender of New York &c. 
and only to communicate the newes of Peace which I 
punctually observed this Molyne repayring to his house a 
multitude of his countrymen resorted to him thither being 
hungry after newes from our Northerne parts : Said Mo- 
lyne ragingly tells them they had slaved and wrought too 
hard and too long for the King of England, for that the 

The Winlhrop Papers. 109 

States of Holland by articles of peace had agreed to sur- 
render N. Yorke to the King of England which newes 
struck the townes inhabitants, I meane Duch, into such a 
distracted rage and Passion ; that they cry'd wee'l fyre the 
Towne, Pluck downe the {fortifications and teare out the 
Governours throats, who had compelled them to slave soe 
contrary to their native priveledges in the morning the Gov- 
ernour hearing hereof sent for said Molyne — Who cold 
not deny what was aleaged imediately was committed Pris- 
ner to the Dungeon in the fort with warning to fitt and 
prepare himseife for death for in 2 dayes hee should dye, by 
the french man who hanged in Chaines on the Gallowes, 
after said Molynes had bine soe confined one day and 
night, hee got penn Inck and paper, and with an excuse 
for himseife and information against mee, aleaging I shewed 
and strowed about the whole Country the newes, and gave 
coppies thereof to all persons who desyred them and that I 
should say his Reigne was short, his government at an end, 
with much more such like lyes, and that I had brought a 
letter from Capt Nicolls to M r Mirviele a french merchant, 
there, without shewing it to him, according to a Law of 
75 £ fine made to that purpose, I was thereupon sent for. 
after examination not permitting mee to speake or pleade 
my owne defence ; committed mee to the inner and nether- 
most Dungeon. Cousin german to the Stygeon Lake, where 
I continued without light or sight of friend or relations, 
from Wensday noone, untill Saturday at 12. then called 
before his Imperiall Court consisting of M r Cornelius Sten- 
wick, M r Van Ruyven the Fiscall Knife and M r Nicolas 
Bayard, his Secretary, and without permition of defensive 
plea for myselfe. past sentence againist mee that I was 
imediately to bee banished out of that jurisdiction and not 
returne on payne of death for the terme of 10 yeares. 
would not permitt mee to goe into my house to take leave 
of my wife and children nor fetch my bootes or a shirt, but 
commanded the fiscall to see mee imbarqt in a Canew soe 
soone as my Sentence was publisht, which was with great 
solemnity ringing the towne house bell 3 tymes. and the 
major part of the towne congregated together to heare it, 
on a purpose to infuse into the beleife of the people a be- 
leife the States of Holland w T ould never part with such an 

110 The Winthrop Papers. 

invincible strong hold or fort. Molynes sentence was, to 
worke from morning to night every day untill the workes 
were fully compleated (which I imagine will not bee this three 
moneths hee dayly projecting more and new inventions to 
fortefy and imploy the people, on purpose to keepe them 
out of idlenesse — the foundation and principle author of 
Sedition and Rebellion, with as much vigour and eagerness, 
as against the coming of the New England army. The 
comonalty not by this meanes crediting any such thing, 
yet belch forth their curses and execrations against the 
Prince of Orange and States of Holland, the Duch Admi- 
ralls who tooke it, and their taskmaster the Governour say- 
ing, they will not on demand, and by authority of the States 
or Prince, surrender, but keepe it by fighting soe long as 
they can stand with one Legg and fight with one hand, 
which resolution will create (I feare, further trouble to both 
nations. Pray Sir excuse my prolix lynes but I could not 
in duty doe less, then give your honour a particular account, 
of these afTayres : amongst the rest I omitted to give you 
an account, they have mounted 190 ordnance in the fort 
and about the towne. I have noe more, to trouble your 
honour at present but humbly take leave and subscribe my 
selfe Sir 

your honours oblidged faithfull and humble servant 

John Sharpe. 

My humble service and respects to your honour, both 
Gentlemen your Sonns, and Ladyes your daughters. 

[Labelled, " M r Sharpe-^ rec d (May) 13."] 


John Winthrop, Jr., to Robert Boyle. 

To the Right Hon ble Robert Boyle Esq re Governour of the 
Corporation for the carrying on the Gospell Among the 
Indians of New England In London d'd. 

Hon ble Sir 

I depended upon Capt. Matthias Nicolls (who had been 
the Secretary at New York,) intending a voyage to London 

The Winthrop Papers. 1 1 1 

last winter towards the Spring, to have represented to his 
Majestie with your assistance the state of all matters in these 
parts since the unhappy surprisal of New Yorke by the Dutch, 
and the difficulties that have beene upon this Colony in de- 
fending his Majesties interest and his Majesties subjects in 
this Colony and of many places of the East end of Long Hand 
in those tymes of warr ; but a sad accident befalling him on 
the losse of his children, his voyage was diverted and since 
an other disappointment by way of Barbados this last sum- 
mer, I now understand that the bearer Major Edward 
Palmes my son doth purpose a voyage for England, and 
shall desire him to represent the full of all transactions that 
have passed in these parts and as aforesaid, he being per- 
fectly acquainted with all passages, since the Dutch fleet 
first arrived at New Yorke. I humbly request your favour 
and helpe herein, that thereby he may give his Majestie and 
his honorable Councill an account of all these matters and 
can also give your Hon 1 ' an account of the state of the Pe- 
quot Indians and other Indians — of Mohegan Naraganset 
— of these parts, now begining to fall to worke and to be 
much civilized and may be hopefull to become converts and 
embrace the Gospell, Concerning which I refer to his rela- 
tion and am your most humble servant. 

J: W. 
Hartford Oct 1 15. 1674. 

[Labelled, " Copy to M r Boile." A very rough draft, in the hand- 
writing of Governor Winthrop. Robert Boyle was an intimate friend of 
Gov. W. — J. B.] 


John Winthrop, Jr., to Matthias JYicolls. 

Honoured Sir 

I was grieved at the evill tidings of the trouble in which 
you were inforced, at New York, I greatly condoled those 
difficulties then upon you, but I must presume of your ex- 
cuse and that it is so long since my pen hath given you a 

visit — I may really assure you that hath been from 

no other consideration, but least the most cordiall salutes of 

1 1 2 The Winthrop Papers. 

your friend should exasperate the malice of your unreason- 
able adversaries I am now much rejoiced that you are so 
well delivered from those troubles, by the happy arrival of 
the Hon ble Governour, and the delivery of that place in his 
noble hands ; of which I have that good intelligence lately 
from M r Bryan, that I cannot but fully credit it ; and there- 
upon have presumed to present my service to the honoura- 
ble Governour with the inclosed letter which I must crave 
your favour to present to him. I hope there will be always 
a most amicable correspondency, as you know there was 
inviolable in former times ; to which I may be confident of 
your furtherance and shall be most studiously promoted by 
all the capacity of 

Your most affectionate friend and servant 

J. W. 

I have no late intelligence from Boston or any other parts 
worth your notice but have sent thither the good news 
which we hear from your parts. 

I may hope to receive in some letter to M r Bryan, as 
your leisure may give liberty or otherwise the desired intel- 
ligence of 

I have not heard yet any certainty of the particulars of 
the time since the Frigatt came from London or the coast of 
England, nor who are come with the honourable Governour. 

I must request your favour to rectify the superscription 
of the letter not having yet received the certainty of his 
name — Some say Edward, some Edmond some another 

[Probably refers to the arrival of Governor Sir Edmund Andros. La- 
belled, " Copy to Capt. Nicolls." A very rough draft. — J. B.] 


Fitz-John Winthrop to John Winthrop, Jr. 

Sir — 

The bearer hereof M r Danyell, one of the Royal Indian 
Blood, and a person eminently imployed by the General 
Court for regulating the disorders, and managing the pru- 

The Winthrop Papers, 1 1 3 

dentials amongst the Pequot Indians, does desire me to give 
an account to yourself of the late unhappy accident which 
has happened to him: A. little time since, a careless girle 
playing with fyre at the door, it immediately took hold of 
the mats, and in an instant consumed it to ashes, with all 
the common, as well as his lady's chamber furniture, and 
his own wardrope, and armoury, Indian plate, and money to 
the value (as is credibly reported in his estimation) of more 
than an hundred pounds Indian ; besides some papers of 
worth, and a record of Court which confirms and intitules 
him (I think) Dep : Gov r to Sagamore Robert. 

The Indians have handsomely, already built him a good 
house, and brought him in several necessaries for his pres- 
ent supply ; but that which takes depest melancholy im- 
pression upon him, is the loss of an excellent Masathuset 
cloth cloak and hat ; which was only seen upon holy days 
and their general sessions: His journey at this time is 
only to intreat your favour, and the gentlemen there, for a 
kind relief in his necessity, having no kind of garment but 
a short jirkin which was charitably given him by one of his 
common Councill-men. He principally aims at a cloak and 
hat, and those will be most acceptable to him : I have only 
time to add my own intreaties in his behalf and that his ne- 
cessities may have relief, being a well disposed man as can 
be expected ; which is all at present from, 

Sir, your most obedient Son 

J : Winthrop : 

JY: L: JYov r 1674. 

[Labelled, " Concerning Daniell Indian, his wigwam burnt." 


Matthias Nicolls to John Winthrop, Jr. 

These To the Hon ble John Winthrop Esq r Governour of his 
Majesties Colony of Conecticutt present at Hartford. 

Hon ble Sir — 

Your Hono rs Letters, of November 1 1 * by M rs Lane, of 
the 1 st instant by M r Willis and your worthy son Major 

VOL. x. 15 


1 1 4 The Winthrop Papers. 

Winthrop ; as also that of the 16 th by our Post, I have re- 
ceived : As to what your honour mentions of M rs Lanes 
deplorable condition (occasioned by her husbands miscar- 
riages to the ruine of his family,) I am really sensible of it 
and besides my owne Inclination to assist the distressed, 
your recommendacon of her distressed Case in particular 
will bee a farther motive to mee, to give her my best advice 
and assistance ; I am sorry it so hapned that our Governour 
was gone to the East End of Long Island the very day 
before the arrivall of M r Willis and Major Winthrop, where- 
by their patience was so much exercised as to stay untill 
the Governours returne, but their company was so accepta- 
ble unto us all, that wee could wish (were it not to prejudice 
their owne concernes) some other occasion of retarding them 
might intervene, to have made us happy in the Enjoyment 
of their society longer : But the uncertainty of the season, 
and their importunity to attend their owne affayres at home 
(which could not bee denyde) robs us of any farther Enjoy- 
ment thereof at present, so that wee can onely accompany 
them, with our good wishes for their safe Returne whether 
by Land or water : I thanke your honour for the good 
opinion you are pleased to have of my capacity of being in- 
strumentall to continue a good Correspondence betweene 
these two Colonyes I hope you will also beleeve my En- 
deavours shall not bee wanting to contribute thereunto to 
my power : I have given a Conveyance to yours enclosed 
to M r Leveredge, which your honour saith related to some 
medicinall matter, but have received no returne, probably 
hee will find out some other way to give answer to it : I 
made enquiry (in presence of M r Willis) of our Governour 
concerning those Gent 3 (the L d Kincarten and Sir Robert 
Murray *) of whom you are pleased to make enquiry who 
sayes the L d Kincarten w r as in Scotland when hee came 
away, and Sir Robert Murray very well at Court ; where 
hee had his lodgings : I shall not presume to trouble your 
honour further at present, then with my desires that you'l 
please to accept of my thankefull acknowledgments of your 

* Sir Robert Murray signed his name, in letters to Governor Winthrop, " R. Mo- 
ray." For a notice of him, see the new edition of Burnet's History of his Own 
Time, published in 1824 or 1825. — J. B. 

The Winthrop Papers. 115 

multiplyed favours, and to continue mee in some measure in 
your good grace, since I am really, 

Hon 1 ' 10 Sir, your honours most obedient humble servant 

Matthias : Nicolls. 

I wish the approaching yeare may prove happy to your 

New Yorke Dec 1 29'" 1674. 

[Labelled, " Capt Nicolls rec d Jan y by M r Willis.] 


Sir Edmund Andross to John Winthrop, Jr. 
For the Hon bIe Governor Wintrop. At Hartford. 

JY. Yorck f 31 s ' of March 1675. 
Sir — 

I cannot obmitt so good an oportunity, as this bearer, to 
present my service to you, thou I did also thinck I might 
by this time have sent you English nevves, but there is as 
yet nott any, the Frigatt Diamond sailes to morrow, the 
Castle about 14 dayes hence I pray my service to Major 
Wintrop I am 

Sir your most humble servant 

E Andross. 

[Labelled, " Gov r Androes rec April 10."] 


John Davenport, Jr., to John Winthrop, Jr. 

Boston 30. 2. 75. 

Hon ble Sir 

Yours I rec'd, and returne thankfull acknowledgments for 
the Rubela and the directions about my arme, which I have 
used, and hope it hath done good but yet remaines some 

116 The Winthrop Papers. 

paine in the shoulder and upper parte of the arme and a 
weaknes so as that I could not nor can lift up my hand 
to my hat, for which I request your further helpe and advice, 
there is no swelling but an itching especially (at times) on 
my shoulder. My bodily health and appetite (through the 
mercy of God) is better then before my sicknes. 

The Colledge buisenes (as I heare) is not yet settled. 
We heare the uncomfortable state of our Relations at Jersey. 

Many are the afflictions of the righteous, but the Lord 
delivers out of all, it is good both to hope and quietly waite 
for the salvacon of God : we live in a changable trouble- 
some world, but there is an unchangable God who is the 
object of the hope of beleivers which is a strong ground of 

The Lord preserve your life and health for the good of 
many in whome with our service presented, crave leave to 

Hon ble Sir, your humble servant 

J. Davenport. 

[Labelled, " M r J. Davenport rec d May 7." The superscription is 
gone. This letter is written in the hand of old age, — neither the spelling 
nor punctuation is as good as was usual with the writer's father, who died 
March 15, 1669-70. — J. B.] 


Sir Edmund Andross to John Winthrop, Jr. 

To the honourable John Winthrop Esq re Governour of his 
Majesties Colony of Conecticutt These, at Hartford. 

Sir — 

Having given you an Account at my Arrivall of my re- 
ceiving this place, of my respects to yourselfe, and my de- 
sire to improve a good neighbourhood with your Colony : 

This is by M r Samuel Leet, a Gentleman I have sent 
with letters to your selfe as Governour, and Generall Court, 
at this time of their first Sessions, since my arrivall, but 
cannot omitt these few lines to yourselfe in particular, though 
it bee but to renew my thankes for your many Civilityes since 

The Winthrop Papers. 117 

my Arrival], Particularly the honour of your sending your son 
Major Winthrop and M r Willis to mee upon my arrivall ; 
And shall bee glad of all oppertunityes of serving you, upon 
any occasion to the utmost, And ever pay you the respect 
I ought to your worthy Character and Meritts, Remaining 
Sir, your most affectionate humble servant 

E Andross. 
JYew Yorke May \ sl 1675. 

[Labelled, " Governour Androes rec'd May 12. by M r Samuell Leet."] 


Henry Stephens to Mr. Stanton. 

M r Stanton — Sar Thes are to give you notis of y c News 
I say you with y e rest of my Nebors and frinds that 12 
housis of Swanse are borened and on of them was a gari- 
son hous and sivera men killed Saiconke also is boroned 
or a good part of it and men kild by Nep mock indean hear 
on hous is robed as we sopos and the last night another 
hous brooken up and another boroned on more Neare M r 
Smeths and intend to have two heads from Suamacott the 
pepel heare ar gon and going of towods Island I wish and 
desier you to take car of your silvs I have hired this barer 
i hear filis is bound for Mohigin I am in hast for fear of 
y e mesenger 

Yours yet 

Henrey Stephens. 

Jun 29 75 

My Man is gon towad Island. 

[Labelled, " Hen Stevens rec'd July 1. 1675. in a letter from M r 
Stanton." The handwriting of the original is as good as the spelling. — 
J. B. 

This is, perhaps, the first report of the breaking out of hostilities in 
Philip's War sent to Connecticut. — J. S.] 

118 The Winthrop Papers. 


Daniel Witherell to John Winthrop^ Jr. 

To the honourd John Winthrope Esq re Governour of his 
Majesties Collonie of Conetticutt. 

New London June 29 th 1677.* 
Hon d Sir 

My humble service to your honour &c presented these 
may Aquaite your honour that this morneing I Recaved the 
Narrative of the Bloody Designes of the Indians Which 
was Directed to your Honour : and Conceiveing it might 
give uss heer fuller Information then wee had formerly 
Receved our Hon d Major Winthrope with the advice of 
Leiff u Avery M r Myrior and my selfe presumed to open 
hopeing wee shall obtayne your honours pardon therein. 

Major Winthrope hath been and yet continues very III 
and doubts hee shall not be Able to Give your honour that 
Aco tl that otherwise he should : Yesterdaye Leiff lt Avery 
my selfe and some others went up to Unchas to understand 
if possible how he stood Affected to Phillips Designes he 
informed uss that he had heard of much damadge done by 
Phillipe both by killing many of our English and burneing 
there houses but would not be knowne that he held any 
corespondency with him : But upon our carefull veiw wee 
tooke wee have Reason to beleeve that most of his men are 
gon that Waye for he hath very few men at home nor did I 
see more then three guns Amongst them tis Certaine he 
hath had lately a great corespondence with Phillipe and 
many presents have passed : Hon d Sir my humble request 
is that a speedy and effectuall order maye be sent us for 
the putting all these parts in a posture of defence for it is 
Reported that Phillipes is very near uss and expects further 
Assistance from Unchas. I shall no more but desireing 
God to direct your honour in the great concernements of 

* This letter is strangely misdated. It should be 1675. Governor Winthrop, to 
whom it is directed, died in April, 1676, and Philip, the great enemy, was killed in 
August of the same year. The letter manifestly alludes to preparation for hostilities. 
— J. S. 

The IVinthrop Papers. 1 1 9 

these present dangers and Troubles and Rest your honors 
humble Servantt 

Daniell Witherell. 

[Labelled, " M r Witherell. rec d June 30."] 


Daniel Witherell to John JVinthrop, Jr. 

To the Hon ble John Winthrope Esq re Governour of his Maj- 
esties Collonie of Conetticutt these. 

New London June 30^ 1675. 
Hon d Sir — 

Once More I Am bold to Present your Honour with 
these Linis to Informe your Honour that Maio r Winthrope 
Lyes Dangerously sick and his Distemper encreaseth : 
Wee have great want of his presenc in this time of Ex- 
tremitye Wee have Great Reason to beleeve that there 
is an universall Combination of the Indians and fear you 
canot Ayde us timely Wee are calling in all our out Liv- 
ers and shall by Gods Assistance doe our best for our 
Defenc butt hope that your Honour with the Rest of the 
honourable Counsell will Dispatch present suplyes for our 
Ayde : I cannot Inlardge the post is in hast, soe humbly 
crave the pardon from your Honour and Rest 

Your humbell Servant 

Daniell Wetherell. 

[Labelled, " M r Witherly rec d July 1."] 


Proposals for an Expedition against Canada. 

1. That the Country provide ammunition &,c and have 
plunder of Kings store for the same. 

2. That the Country provide ships and men for the Ex- 
pedition and pay the Charge of both. 


The Winthrop Papers. 

3. That subscribers compleat the Expedition by supply 
of necessaryes, to be Repayd first, the Country Engaging 
for it. 

4. That after the Charge of the Expedition viz of ship 
hyre and men be defrayed the remaining plunder be Equal- 
ly devided between the Country and the Subscribers. 

5. That the men be Incouraged with one halfe of all 
plunder excepting Kings stores and have no pay. or 20 sh. 
per Month and one quarter of said plunder (excepting as 

6. That the Country appoint a Committee and leave the 
whole to their management impowring them to carry on the 

[The writing of the above, excepting the caption, is in a fair hand, 
which I should rather think to be that of some officer in England. It 
certainly does not in any respect resemble the writing of that day in New 
England ; and the paper has the English water-mark strongly resembling 
the Whitehall papers which are in this file. The caption is in the hand of 
an old gentleman, I rather think of the second Governor Winthrop of 
Connecticut, who was, I believe, Major- General of the expedition against 
Canada in the year 1690 ; — it is an indorsement only. — J. B.] 


Votes for Magistrates in Massachusetts, 1692. 

Nomination Apr. 12. 1692. 

Election May 4. 1692. 

Simon Bradstreet Esq r 738 

Simon Bradstreet Governour 

S r W ra Phips 


Thomas Danforth Dep 1 

Thomas Danforth Esq r 705 

S r W m Phips 


- 1 

Major Pinchon 


W m Stoughton Esq r 

873 — 

■ 9 

W m Stoughton Esq r 


Major Pinchon 


Nath 1 Saltonstall Esq r 


Major Saltonstall 



John Richards 


Major Richards 



James Russell Esq r 


James Russell Esq r 


■ 3 

Major Gidney 


Major Gidney 


Peter Tilton Esq r 


Peter Tilton 

911 — 


Major Appleton 


Major Appleton 

911 — 


Major Phillips 


Major Pike 

903 — 


Major Pike 


Elisha Cooke Esq r 



Elisha Cooke Esq r 


John Hathorne Esq r 



The Winthrop Papers, 


John Hathorne Esq r 
W m Johnson Esq r 
Major Hutchinson 
Samuel Sevvall Esq r 
Isaac Addington 
John Smith Esq r 
Major Gen 1 Winthrop 
Jonathan Corwin Esq r 
Thomas Oakes Esq r 
Capt. Swaine 
Capt. W m Bond 
Capt. Dan 1 Peirce 

623 W m Johnson Esq r 571 
486 Major Hutchinson 818 — 12 
720 J Sam 1 Sewall Esq r 946— 2 
749; Isaac Addington Esq r 895— 8 
688 Capt. Smith ' 579—18 

441 j Major Gen 1 Winthrop 814—11 
705 Jon Corwin Esq r 780 — 14 
636 Jn° Phillips Esq r 823—10 

574 Tho: Oakes 615—15 


[The names in Italics are erased in the original, which indicates the 
non-election of the candidates. — J. B. 

These lists may be compared with those of 16S3 and 1686 published 
in Hutchinson's Collection. — J. S.] 


Recommendation of John Winthrop, Esq., to the Royal So- 

John Winthrop 

of New-England, Esq re 
Grandson of the Learned John Winthrop Esq re who was 
one of the first members of this Society and who in con- 
junction with others did greatly contribute to the obtaining 
our Charter ; to whom the [Royal] Society in its early days 
was not only indebted for various ingenious communica- 
tions, but their Musaeum still contains many testimonies of 
his generosity, especially of things relating to the Natural 
History of New England, where he afterwards went to live. 
This Gentleman hath not been backward in following the 
example of his Grand-father, having himself sent over sev- 
eral curiosities to the Society, and intending to present 
many more, as well as to become a constant Correspondent, 
when he returns to America : Wherefore as he desires to 
become a member of this Society, as he is a person well 
skill'd in Natural Knowledge and particularly in Chemistry, 

vol. x. 


122 The Winthrop Papers. 

we whose names are underwritten do recommend him as a 
person likely to be a very usefull member to this Society. 

THans Sloane. 

Signed \ 

Alex r Stuart. 
Rob t Nesbitt. 
Cromwell Mortimer. 

London Janry 10. 1733. 

This a true Copy 

Thomas Stack l. s. 

[Labelled, " London 10. Jan y 1733. Recommendation of John Win- 
throp Esq r to the Royal Society."] 


Thanks of the Royal Society to John Winthrop, Esq. 

Extract of the Journal Book of the Royal Society for Im- 
proving Natural Knowledge London June 27. 1734. 

M r Winthrop presented severall Curiosities from New 
England, as contained in the following List, which being 
read he had the thanks of the Society, they being 364 ar- 
ticles as appears by the Catalogue of them in the same 
Journal-book page 459 &c. 
Testat r 

Cromwell Mortimer M. D. 

R. S. Seer. 

[Seal of the Royal Society in red wax.] 

[Labelled (by Cromwell Mortimer), " Thanks of the Royal Society 
London to John Winthrop Esq r for his present of several Curiosities 
June 27, 1734."] 

[Though the originals of the two following letters are not found among 
the papers now in the possession of the Winthrop family, yet, as they evi- 
dently belong to the series, they are here reprinted, the first from Birch's 
History of the Royal Society, Vol. II. pp. 473, 474, — the second from 
the North American Review for September, 1816, to which it was com- 
municated by the late Judge Davis from the original, then in his posses- 
sion, together with some remarks on both letters, for which the reader is 
referred to that journal.] 

The Winthrop Papers. 1 23 


John Winthrop, Jr., to Lord Brereton. 

My Lord, 

The relation, which I am now presenting to your lord- 
ship, is of a very strange and prodigious wonder, this last 
summer in this part of the world: that the like hath been 
known for the whole manner of it, I do not remember, 
that I have read or heard. There was a hill near Keene- 
bank-river, in the province of Meane, the eastern part of 
New-England, which is removed out of its place, and the 
bottom turned upwards. The time is not certain when it 
was done; but that it is so, is very certain, and it is conclud- 
ed by those, who live nearest to it, that it w 7 as removed 
either the latter end of June, or beginning of July last. 
The relation, that I have from credible persons concerning 
the manner of it, is this ; viz that the hill being about 8 
rods from Keenebank-river-side, on the west side of the 
river, about 4 miles from the sea, was removed from its 
place over the dry land about 8 rods or perches, and over 
the tops of the trees also, which grew between the hill and 
that river, leaping as it were over them into the river, where 
it was placed, the upper part being downward, and dammed 
up the river, till the water did work itself a passage through 
it. The length of the hill was about 250 foot ; the breadth 
of it about 80, the depth of it about 20 foot. The situa- 
tion of the place, as to the length of it, was N. W. and S. E. 
The earth of it is a blue clay without stones : many round 
bullets were within it, which seem to be of the same clay 
hardened. I have not yet seen the place myself, but sent 
purposely to enquire into the truth of what had been report- 
ed concerning it, and had this relation from major William 
Philips, who dwelleth not far from the place : And M. Her- 
lakendon Symons, who went to the place, and took very 
good notice, brought me the same report of the truth and 
manner of it, which I had before received by a letter from 
major Philips in answer to my letter of enquiry, and told me, 
that the earth of the hill did not lie between the former place 
of the hill and the river, but was carried together over the 

124 The Winthrop Papers. 

tops of the trees into the river, which seems to be, as if it 
were blown up by such a force, as carried the whole body 
of it so far together. I had from them some few of those 
round bullets; I think there were but two or three, and 
some pieces of earth in other forms, which were found upon 
that now upper part, which was before the lower, or the 
inner bowels of that hill ; as also a small shell or two, of a 
kind of shell-fish, like some shell-fish commonly found, where 
the sea flows : but how they should be within that hill, is 
strange to consider. I have sent all, that I had thence, to 
the Royal Society for their repository. I understand also 
from those parts, that there was no notice taken of an earth- 
quake about that time ; nor did I hear of any in other parts 
of the country. I give your lordship only a relation of this 
prodigy, as I had it upon the best enquiry I could make, 
leaving the discussion of the natural causes, which might 
concur; a matter too hard for me to comprehend, but the 
power of his Almighty Arm is manifest to all, who weigheth 
the hills in a balance, and in whose presence the heavens 
drop, the hills are melted like wax, Sinai itself is moved. 
I hope to have opportunity to see the place ; and if any 
other matter considerable upon my observation, or further 
enquiry shall appear, I shall be obliged to give your lord- 
ship a further account thereof; and for the present am bold, 
only to subscribe myself, 

Right honourable, 

Your Lordship's humble servant, 

J. Winthrop. 
Boston, Oct 11, 1670. 


Henry Oldenburg to John Winthrop, Jr. 

To his honoured friend, John Winthrop, Governour of Con- 
necticut in N. England. 

London, April 11, 1671. 

Your letter of October 11, 1670, to me, and your present 
to the Royal Society, together with that to Sir R. Moray, I 

The Winthrop Papers, 125 

have well received from the hands of Mr. Fairweather, who 
deserveth to be commended for his care of the particu- 
lars you had entrusted him with. I soon delivered to the 
said society their parcel!, viz. the shell-fish (called Horse- 
foot) the Humming-bird's nest with the two eggs in it, be- 
ing yet whole, the feathered fly, and the shells, bullets and 
clays taken out of the overturned hill : for all which, that 
noble company returns you their hearty thanks, and very 
much desires the continuance of such curious communica- 
tions, for the enlargement of their repository, and conse- 
quently of the intended history of nature. These curiosi- 
ties being viewed at one of our publick meetings, some of 
the company conceived that what you call the sharp tail of 
the Horse-foot, is rather the fore-part and nose of the fish ; 
the same persons having also found that two of the knobbs 
on the shell, now dryed up, had been the places of the eyes, 
and did still by the manner of their ductuss express, that 
they had looked towards the said nose, when the animal was 
alive. The Humming bird's nest was also shewed to his 
Majesty, who was as much pleased with it as the Society, 
and 1 doubt not but Sir Rob. Moray will tell you the same, 
and withal acknowledge the receipt of those silk pods that 
were directed to him. 

Concerning the overturned Hill, it is wished that a more 
certain and punctual relation might be procured of all the 
circumstances of that accident. It seems strange, that no 
earthquake was perceived, and yet that the Hill is said to 
have been carried over the tops of the Trees into the River, 
as also that people being near it should not certainly know 
the day when this happened. I doubt not, Sir, but your 
own curiosity will have carried you since you wrote this, 
to view the place, and to examine all the particulars re- 
markable in this matter. I hope my Lord Brereton, to 
whom you communicated the story at length, will also write 
to you by this return, and join with me in the request of 
giving us a fuller account of this wonder. 

I cannot yet desist from recommending to you the com- 
posure of a good history of New-England, from the begin- 
ning of the English arrival there, to this very time ; con- 
taining the Geography, Natural Productions and civil ad- 
ministration thereof, together with the notable progress of 

126 The Winthrop Papers. 

the plantation and the remarkable occurrences in the same ; 
an undertaking worthy of Mr. Winthrop, and a member of 
the Royal Society ! 

I herewith send you a few philosophical Books lately 
printed here, viz. 

1. Mr. Boyle's new tracts about the wonderful rarefac- 
tion and condensation of the air, &c. 

2. Monsieur Charas' new experiments upon vipers. 

3. The transactions of 1670. 

To these I add a small discourse, originally written in 
French, against that great Sorbonist Mons. Arnaud, touch- 
ing the perpetuity of the Romish faith about the Eucharist, 
and so wishing you much health and happiness, 
I remain sir, 

Your faithful servant, 

Henry Oldenburg. 

When you send any thing more for the R. Society, or 
for me, I pray, add my dwelling place, (in the Pal-Mai) to 
the superscription. I must not forget to give you very 
many thanks for the Cranberries ; they tasted of the cask, 
or else they would have been very good. 

P. S. I just now received Sir R. Moray's letter, as you 
find it here unsealed. My Lord Brereton hath not yet sent 
his, and I dare stay no longer from doing up this packet, 
the master of the ship having appointed this morning for 
the delivering of it. 





The unexpected favor with which my humble Gleanings 
in Vol. VIII. were received seems justly to demand from 
me a correction of numerous errors in giving names, either 
family or baptismal, which a scrupulous collation of the old 
Custom-house IMS. at Westminster Hall, made by our co- 
laborer. Rev. J. Hunter, at his own suggestion, has fur- 
nished. I take occasion to mark the petty slips of the 
press, of very little importance, that would have been left 
to a reader's correction ; and to add a few notes that may 
not seem useless illustrations. 

If the eye be not too much fatigued with this prelimina- 
ry matter, it will with satisfaction repose on the interesting 
intelligence obtained for me at Salisbury by the excellent 
Dean of that diocese, and on the still more valuable contri- 
bution from London obtained last year. 



Page 249, line 15, for Emanuel read Emanuel. 
252, . 21, . Ministers . . Minister. 

. Christian. 

. Heyler (probably). 

. Cribb. 

42, "Mildred Bredstreet" should be in the margin ; as it 
stands, not for the name of an emigrant, but for the parish in London, 
St. Mildred Breadstreet, from which one or more of the passengers came. 




. Egyd. 




. Barker 




. Morden . 


. Grubb 

128 More Gleanings for New England History \ 

Page 253, line 14, for Burdocke read 
18, . Landon 
23, . Martha 
33, . Nathan . 
37, strike out " Great." 
take, " St." in the original MS. twice. 

Page 253, line 40, for Chiltwood read 
44, . Maria 
those times, no Maria or Eliza. 
Page 253, line 46, for James 

254, . 4, . Nahum Haserd 
haps Haferd, or Haford. 
Page 254, line 4, for 

6, . 

7, . 


. Matthew. 

The scribe wrote, 

Marie. There 



was, in 


Nathan Heford, or per- 

Harvea read Harvie. 

Maria Beardsley . Marie Beadsley. 
Maria Beardslea Marie Beadslea ; and the 

other children in the next two lines have not the r in their names, though 
the father has. 

Page 254, line 13, for Auckstray read Auckstrey. 

16, . Burdick . . Bundicke, and wherever 

the master's name occurs. 

Page 254, line 19, for "Stanstedd Abby there," read " Stanstedd Abby 
in com. Hert." But this heading seems to belong only to the six names 
beginning with "Lawrence Whittemore," for there is a stroke after 
14 Peacock," to mark termination. 

Page 254, line 21, for Ruggles read Ruggells. 

27, . Ell-Tyrley . Ell-Tysley. 
31, "of St. Katharines " belongs to the name below, 
being an interlineation with a ( A ) mark. 

Page 254, line 32, for " Duffil," read " Duffill," which is the de- 
scription of " Peat " only. 

line 35, for Bell read 

Page 254, 



7, . Minister . 
16, . Sycille 
30, . Jo. Johnes, 15 , 
32, . Hedges 
45, . thereof 
256, . 1, . Bradley, 29 . 
2, . Stedman . 

the names of his wife and children, passengers in the same ship, are 
given as nowadays spelt, and so spelt in the Custom-house record. 
Page 256, line 6, " Bayley " is doubtful. 

7, for Buttrick read Butterick. 

14, . Stow . . Ston. The last letter 




Jo. Joynes, 



Bradley, 20. 

Studman; but on p. 261 

may be u. 






38 " 

13, . Eylin 
18, . Wilder 









More Gleanings for New England History. 129 

Page 257, line 25, 

258, . 3, 





259, . 14, 


the scribe). 
Page 260, 

and child). 


brace, and ' 
Page 262, 






for 86 
. 12 Apr. 

. Miller 



.6 . 

. Sparks 
. Taylor 

Swayne, 15 
. Berlie 
. Lambert . 
. New England 

. Crosby, 8 mo. 
. Rec. Rainton 

. Gelston 

. Traine 

. Dix, 19 

. Atherson . 

. Thomlins, 19 

. Carrington 








24, . Pond 
the first two letters are certain. 
Page 263, line 5, for Smyndes 
7 May 


Crosby, 8 weeks. 

Ric. Rowton (and so wife 

Gilston (probably). 


Dix, 18. 


Thomlins, 18. 



Brooke, 18. 





36, and four following, the names are connected by a 
children " written opposite, 
line 17, for Brooke read 


13 Apr. 



Sparks, 22. 
Taylor, 24. 
Swayne, 16. 
Newland (a 

blunder of 


Pount (probably). Only 


8 May. 







20, "Tusler" is doubtful, more like " Tusele." 
265, . 3, " leoman," after " All Saints," is very doubtful, as 
was intended by me to be represented in refusing to give the word a cap- 
ital letter. Nor is any meaning known. 

Page 265, line 6, for Ashley read Ashbey. 

Abraham, 1 yrs . Abraham, 1 quarter. 
Louge . . Longe. 
and . . . ten. 

Denny, 21 . Denny, 24. 

Mannings . . Monnings. 






Mehitabell Mannings Michelaliel Monnings. 

After receiving the first correction of this ?m-Christian name into Miche- 

VOL. X. 17 

130 More Gleanings for New England History, 

labell, I wrote to Mr. Hunter, that we knew the child here very well, and 
his name was Mahalaleel. This led to another examination, and the an- 
swer is as above, with this specific proof: — " The ic cannot be read an a, 
though that would be the true orthography. There is, however, no dot 
over the i, while the dot appears in the names Price and Monings ; but 
the i in liel is not dotted.'" 

Page 266, line 21, for More 
22, . " 

read Mere. 



nal MS. 






More . 




















before " Abigail," the word " uxor 1 ' is in the origi- 



272, . 6, 
lation of February, 1846 

Deno . 




Danes . . Daues. 

Jno'son . . Ireson. This is the col- 
but in November following, my scrupulous 
friend, after a second scrutiny, writes : — " On looking again at the MS., 
I rather incline to what was your original reading, or nearly so. The 
name seems to be Tho. Jn°son, 25, for Johnson, written short." 
Page 272, line 22, for Edye read Edge. 

19 Septr. (i. e. Saturday, 


. Rose 




. 20 Septr. 

not Sunday). 

Page 273, 


. Joes 


Done, 17 . 


Broome, 16 


• 1, 

. tember 



July 28 
Pubike . 


. 36, 

. Loudon 



. jElatis 


. pesuit . 





. 14, 

. Hayres 


. 38, 

. Philips . 






July 23. 









More Gleanings for Neio England History. 131 


The " Brandeston," in Isaac Johnson's will, p. 244, is in 
Suffolk, perhaps deriving its name from the ancient family of 
Brande. "Bury field" is probably on the road to Bury St. 

On p. 256, among the passengers in the Rebecca is in- 
serted the name of " Geo. Woodward, 35 " ; and it may 
not seem too rash a conjecture, considering the perpetual 
occurrence of marks of carelessness in this record, that it is 
an error of repetition from p. 254, where one of the same 
name and age is introduced as a passenger in the Hopewell. 

My mistake, on p. 257, in the date of "12 Apr.," instead 
of 13, might have been avoided, however indistinct the MS., 
had the almanac been turned to, for the custom-house could 
not have been open on the 12th, being Sunday. 

This Richard Saltonstall, p. 258, passenger, with his wife 
and babe, in the Susan and Ellen, had, in 1630, accompa- 
nied his father in Governor Winthrop's fleet, and followed 
him home next year, 23 November. His wife, in the text, 
was daughter of Brampton Gurdon, Esquire, of Assington, 
in Suffolk, who, according to the arbitrary fashion of the 
times, had by the king been made Sheriff of the County, to 
punish his Puritanical affections, in preventing thereby his 
election to Parliament, as one of the Knights of the Shire. 

It was easily proved that the age of Rachell Bigg, on 
p. 261, a passenger in the Elizabeth, was wrong. In her 
will, made eleven years later, she calls herself aged, and 
Hopestill Foster, the fellow-passenger, her nephew ; yet he 
would appear some years older than his aunt. At my de- 
sire, a fac-simile of the MS., containing names before and 
after, as well as this, was taken ; and the copy in my text 
is exact in every letter and figure. What the scribe at the 
office would have written, had he minded his duty, whether 
the 6 should have stood in the place of units or of tens, is 
not so important as in many cases it would be. 

On p. 263, the name of " Ric'd Goare," in the Elizabeth 
and Ann, is a repetition from the list of a former day, on 
the page before, of passengers in the same ship; and a sim- 
ilar blunder is observable in the names of two passengers, 

1 32 More Gleanings for New England History. 

Rich'd Brooke and Tho. Brooke, companions of Rev. Peter 
Bulkley in the Susan and Ellen, yet Tho., on p. 260, is 
called 18, and here 20. Something of confusion, also, 
might be supposed on p. 268, among the passengers in the 
Defence, standing in the MS. thus, — 

" husbandman John Sheppard, 36 

Margaret Sheppard, 31 
Tho. Sheppard, 3 mo.," — 

where it is presumable that John is a fiction; for we know, 
from his autobiography, that Rev. Thomas Sheppard came 
at that time in that ship, with that wife Margaret, and that 
son Thomas, born in April before, and within a day or two 
of three months old. A little lower, on the same page, 
among the servants of Harlakenden, are 

" Wm. French, 30 
Eliz. his wife, 32," 

while, a few lines above, appear no doubt the same wife, 
" Elizabeth French, 30," with the children. Yet my 
reflections on the frequency of these and grosser marks 
of carelessness in this document, caused by the prepos- 
terous tyranny of Archbishop Laud's Committee of the 
Privy Council, have gradually led me to doubt whether 
much of the error was not intentional. For various reasons, 
in various cases, it was desirable that the purposes of the 
government should be eluded. Several gentlemen are 
known to have come over in the Abigail with John Win- 
throp, Jr., in 1635, whose names are not to be found in that 
list, which contains, indeed, 174, which one might think a 
sufficient number, but 220 are, by Governor Winthrop, said 
to have, arrived in her. Some repetition might naturally be 
looked for ; and in such a palpable case as the two Lewes, 
at the bottom of p. 270 and near the top of p. 271, might 
appear to have arisen from my carelessness, not that of the 
officer above two hundred years since, had not this minute 
explanation been given. 

" Serjeant Barnardiston," residuary devisee in the will 
of Sir George Downing (the latest baronet), mentioned 
p. 277, was son of Thomas, married 28 June, 1705, to Mary 
Downing, both of Bury St. Edmunds. She was sister of 
Sir George, and died in 1728, aged 57. 

Errors in the transcript from the Parish Register of 

More Gleanings for New England History. 133 

Groton, pp. 296, 297, suggested by me to my correspond- 
ent, our fellow -laborer of Long Melford, produced another 
examination ; and so the date of the death of the second 
wife of John Winthrop is found 1616, instead of 1626; the 
name "Jones" is Fones, the mistake being of the old 
ff for a capital /; and in the latest article, Mr., not Mrs., 
Forth Winthrop. But on the next page I find an error of 
my own, in speaking of fifteen children of Governor Win- 
throp ; for another, after William, was born here : Sarah, 
baptized, says our First Church record, " 29 th of 4. 1634." 

My erroneous conjectures, p. 317, that "p.m.," in Sir 
Thomas Phillipps's Register of Sarum, meant by removal, 
and " p. r." stood for pro rectore, were kindly corrected by 
Sir Thomas, who took the opportunity of presenting me the 
curious volume ; " p. m." is an abbreviation for per mortem, 
and " p. r." for per resignationem. 

Peter Thacher, father of our Thomas, was presented 
with that living, of St. Edmunds, Salisbury, by Bishop Dave- 

On the very remarkable epistle of John Davenport to Sir 
Thomas Temple (pp. 327-329), which he forwarded from 
Boston to London, any comment is unnecessary. Of course, 
there is some mistake of date in the copy of the New Haven, 
or of the Boston, letter ; perhaps the former, Davenport's, 
should be 9, instead of 19, Aug. 1661, if Temple's date of 20 
is correct ; for the journey between the two towns in that 
early year must have taken six or seven days. There may 
have been design in giving a false date, but it is not apparent. 
Perhaps Pincheon, of Springfield, and Capt. Lord, of Hart- 
ford, had less eagerness of desire for the arrest of Whalley 
and Goffe than Col. Temple presumed. 


Having suggested, in July, 1842, to Dr. Pearson, the 
Dean of Salisbury, certain inquiries for information in his 
diocese, that gentleman, in addition to the favor of bringing 
me acquainted, at his own hospitable mansion in London, 
with Mr. Benson, the learned Recorder of Salisbury, as 
well as much other kindness, conveyed my note to Henry 
Hatcher, Esquire, the chief antiquary of that metropolitan 

134 More Gleanings for JYew England History. 

city. He crowned his polite attention by forwarding to me, 
in the year following, this communication in reply. The 
historian of Salisbury, Hatcher, died 13 December 1846, 
set. 70 ; and in the April number of the Gentleman's Mag- 
azine for the next year a biographical memoir of him appears. 

Revd. Sir, 

I inclose some information on the subjects mentioned in 
Mr. Savage's letter. I have taken the liberty to address 
my communication to you, though I by no means wish to 
give you the trouble to read it. I return Mr. Savage's letter 

I am, Revd. Sir, your obedient servant, 

H. Hatcher. 
Salisbury, Nov. 19, 1842. 

The very Reverend the Dean of Salisbury. 

Revd. Sir, 

I send you the few scattered notices which I have col- 
lected relative to the persons mentioned in Mr. Savage's 
letter. They are not so full as 1 could have wished ; but 
they are quite as much so as might be expected, from the 
distance of the time and the disturbed state of the country, 
at the commencement of the Civil War. Mr. Savage's pur- 
pose is so laudable, that he is entitled to all the assistance 
we can give him, on this side of the water. 

As the Revd. P. Thacher filled a public station for some 
years, the information relating to him is much more abun- 
dant and distinct than that preserved of the others. 

I do not believe him to have been a native of Salisbury, 
though the name of Thacher twice occurs in the Register 
of St. Edmunds, towards the close of the sixteenth century. 
He was appointed minister of St. Edmunds in 1622, and 
the circumstances connected with his appointment are sub- 
joined, as they are recorded in the Minute Book of the 

I ought to premise, that the right of patronage to the liv- 
ing of St. Edmunds was then a matter of dispute between 
the bishop and certain inhabitants of the parish, who laid 
claim to it in consequence of the transfer of the college, 
and the rights and property belonging to it, to William 
St. Bache, at the dissolution. 

More Gleanings for New England History. 135 

The mode in which the living was filled, for some years, 
is not quite clear ; but the immediate predecessor of Thach- 
er was Hugh Williams, who was presented by Bishop 
Cotton in 1606, and resigned in 1621 or 1622, apparently 
in consequence of a disagreement with the leaders of the 
parish, who were Puritans. The cause was evidently a di- 
versity of religious opinion. 

"A Vestry being called the 11 th January 1622 [1622-3], 
It is now ordered, that the agreement touching M r Thacher 
coming to be our minister shall proceed without any longer 
deliberation ; and all convenient speed shall be made for the 
effecting thereof." 

"At the Vestry held the 19 th January 1622 [1622-3]. 
At this Vestry it is agreed, with full consent, that the matter 
agreed upon, touching M r Thacher's coming, shall proceed ; 
and if it may be possible to be effected, M r Thacher shall 
be placed here, and be vested in our church, as our minis- 
ter, before Shrove Sunday next [the annual meeting of 
the Vestry] ; and for the better effecting thereof, and all 
necessary things touching the same, M r Recorder [Giles 
Tookee] is to be desired to be at a Vestry to be held on 
the 17 ,h day of February next, in the evening, to which day 
this Vestry is adjourned. 

Henry Sherfield Tho. Buller 
B. Tookie T. Hancock 

John Puxton Willm. Marshall 

Robert Jole Roeert Roberts 

James Michell Robert Tyte 

George Beache John Joie." 
Peter Bankes 

I give the names, to enable Mr. Savage to trace any of 
their connections or descendants. 

"16 Feb. 1622 [1622-3]. At the court of the Vestry there 
held, the day aforesaid, a letter sent by the worthy Giles 
Tookee, Esq.. Recorder of this town, and directed to the 
Masters of this Vestry, was read and deliberately considered 
of, and his care and his good wishes to the church is by 
all acknowledged. After due consideration had whereof, it is 
now again ordered, by the general consent of all the masters 
present at the Vestry, that M r Thacher shall be our minis- 

136 More Gleanings for New England History, 

ter and preacher in this church, as hath been formerly often 
resolved ; and that the same shall be now effected, with all 
expedition ; for the better finishing whereof, this Vestry is 
adjourned till Wednesday next, at four of the clock in the 
afternoon, and in the mean time M r Sherfield, M r Han- 
cock, M r Tookie, M r Home, some of the masters of this 
Vestry, are desired to meet, and to prepare such things as 
are requisite in the cause ; and M r Jole, M l " Marshall, M r 
Joie, and both the churchwardens, other masters of this 
Vestry, and M r John Dove, are desired to collect the volun- 
tary contributions, according as every man hath set down in 
writing ; and it is hoped and desired, that M r Recorder will 
be present and to give his counsel and assistance in the 
furthering and finishing this good work in hand." 

In one of our local chronicles, the Recorder Tookie is 
lauded highly for his exertions in providing the church with 
a proper minister. 

From this account, it is evident that Mr. Thacher was 
brought in by the Puritan or Presbyterian party in the Ves- 
try. The word come, which is twice used, I consider as a 
proof that he was not previously resident in the city. His 
institution as Rector of St. Edmunds is recorded in the 
Bishop's Books under the date of 1622. The bishop is 
mentioned as the patron. This was Bishop Davenant, who 
favored the Puritans, and doubtless accepted the recom- 
mendation of the Vestry. 

While Mr. Thacher was minister, the following notices 
occur relative to him and his family. 


1 623, November. Martha, daughter of M r Peter Thacher, 
parson of this parish. 

In 1624, Apr. 24, the former incumbent, Hugh Williams, 
is mentioned as being present at the celebration of a mar- 
riage in the absence of Mr. P. Thacher, " being at this 
present parson of the Parish." 

1625-6, Jan. 29: baptized Elisabeth, dau. of M r Peter 

1627-8, Jan. 29 : John, son to M r Peter Thacher, min- 
ister of this Parish. 

1636-7, 1 Jan. Samuel, son of M r Peter Thacher. 

More Gleanings for New England History. 137 

163S. Paul, son of M r Peter Thacher. 

1640, Aug. 30. Barnabas, son of M r Peter Thacher. 

In 1631 and 1633, we find Anthony Thacher, probably 
his brother, mentioned as his Curate. 

In 1634, April 27, occurs this entry, relative to a son of 
Anthony Thacher : — 

" Benjamin, son of Anthony and Mary Thacher, born on 
Sunday, the 13 lh day, between the hours of one and two in 
the morning, and baptized the 27 th day of the same month." 

The name of Anthony Thacher appears again as Curate 
in 1634. 

In 1632 and 1633, we find some licenses granted by the 
Rev. P. Thacher to different persons, for eating flesh in the 
season of Lent. One is to his own wife, Anne Thacher, 
dated March 1, 1633. 

The following is that granted to the wife of the Recorder 
Sherfield, who broke the painted windows of St. Edmunds 
Church, and whose punishment was unjustly made one of 
the heads of accusation against Archbishop Laud : — 

" I, Peter Thacher, Parson of the Parish Church of St. 
Edmunds within the City of New Sarum, in the County of 
Wilts, being sufficiently certified and assured of the weak 
and sickly estate of M rs Rebecca Sherfield, of the Parish 
aforesaid, do by these presents, as far as the laws of this 
Realm have given power in that case, license the said M rs 
Rebecca Sherfield to eat all such kinds of flesh, in this time 
of Lent, as the laws of this Realm do in that case allow, dur- 
ing such her weakness. Dated the 23 d day of February in 
the year of our Sovereign Lord, King Charles, the ninth 

All these licenses are entered in the Parish Register, and 
attested by Anthony Thacher, Curate. 

Peter Thacher died in the beginning of February, 1640 
-1. His burial is thus recorded, under the date of Febru- 
ary 19 : — " Burials. M r Peter Thacher Rector ibm." 

His remains were deposited under an altar tomb, on the 
north side of the church-yard. It is apparently the most an- 
cient to be found there, and bears this inscription, in the 
first compartment on the south side : — 

" Here lyeth the bodye of M r Peter Thatcher, who was a 

VOL. X. 18 

138 More Gleanings for New England History. 

laborious minister of the Gospell of Jesus Christ in ye Par- 
ish of St. Edmunds for ye space of xix yeares. He de- 
parted this lyk the Lord's Day at three of the clocke ye xi 
of February, 1640. Let no man move his bones." 

He was probably the last of his family buried here, as no 
inscription appears in the other three compartments. 

Of the Rev. W. Worcester I find no trace. Indeed, I 
think Worcester is not a Salisbury name. 

Relative to the Verins, I find the following entries in the 
registers : — 

1593. Anna Veryn, the daughter of Hew Veryn. 
1601-2, Jan. William, son to Hew Veryn. 
1607. Dorcas, daugh. to Philip Ferine. 
1614, June 24. Richard, son to Hope Veyrene. 
1619, March. Philip, son to Philip Veron, Roper. 
1621-2, March 3. Hellyer, son to Philip Verin, Ropier. 
1623, Ap. 6. Nathaniel, son to Philip Verin, Roper. 
1627, Oct. 9. Eliz., daughter to Edward Verin. 
1632, Oct. 14. Edward, son to Robert Verin. 

1559-60. Humfrey Verie and Margaret Jeffrie. 
1587-8. Roger Very and Agnes Baylie. 
1588, July 29. Thomas Cope and Elizabeth Verye. 
1623-4, Jan. 15. Richard Alwood and Dorcas Verin. 


1607, Nov. 30. Hugh Verine. 

1621, A p. Rebecca, daughter to Philip Verin. 

Webb is a very common name in Salisbury, derived, I 
have no doubt, from the occupation of a webber, or weaver. 
Perhaps the following entries may have reference to Henry 
Webb, who is the subject of Mr. Savage's inquiry. 

1625, Sept. 25. Margaret, daughter to Henry Webb, 

1583. William Webb and Isabell Goodridge. 

More Gleanings for Weiv England History. 139 

1627, Ap. 23. Henry Webb and Jane Woolford, both of 
this Parish. 

The only entry relating to the Averys is this : — 

1591. Burial. Mary, wife to Christopher A verye. 
There were Averys in the town within my recollection. 

The following entry belongs to a New England name : — 
1591-2, March 18. Burial of Henry Mather. 

Mr. Savage will best judge whether I am right in my 
conjectures, that these entries following have some connec- 
tion with the founder of Harvard College : — 

1616-7. Thomas, son of Thomas Harvard. 
1621-2. Thomas, son of Thomas Harward. 
1623, Sept. 27. Richard, son of Thomas Harward. 
1625, Oct. 14. Thomas, son of Thomas Harward. 
1632. Frances, daughter to Tho. Harwood. 


1583, Oct. George Harford and Alice Serjeant. 
1611, Dec. 7. John Harford and Mary Bolton. 
1615, May 18. William Harford and Eliz. Hibbert. 

1564. Pachil, son to George Harford. 
1570, Nov. 6. Jane Harford, widow. 
1603, Sept. 30. Margaret Harford. 

This Register is a copy from one of earlier date, and con- 
fessedly imperfect. 

Mr. Savage's letter has opened a new view to me. In 
return for this communication, I shall be happy to receive 
any further information concerning emigrants from Salis- 
bury to America at the commencement of the great Rebel- 
lion, or after the Restoration. If the History of Salisbury 
is fated to reach a second edition, I should like to devote a 
page to this subject. 

140 More Gleanings for New England History. 

It is not unlikely that I may obtain information with re- 
spect to the Rev. James Noyes of Cholderton. 

I beg leave to subscribe myself, Revd. Sir, 

Your very obedient servant, 

H. Hatcher. 

Salisbury, Nov. 20, 1842. 


To the benevolence of our countryman, Henry Stephens, 
Esquire, 6 Waterloo Place, London, I owe the following 
contribution, received last year, of three more lists of per- 
sons coming early to New England. 

To the Right Hon ble the Lords and others of his Ma ts moste 

honn ble Privie Councell. 

The humble Peticon and Certificates of John Cuttinge 
Ma r of the shipp called the Francis, and William Andrewes 
Ma r of the Elizabeth, both of Ipswich. 

Right honno ble accordinge to your Lord pps order, wee do 
herewith presente unto your Lord pps the names of all the Pas- 
sengers that wente for Newe England in the said shipps the 
tenth daye of Aprill laste paste. 

Humblie intreatinge your Lord pps (they havinge performed 
your honnors order) that the bonds in that behalfe given 
may bee delivered back to your Peticoners. 

And they as in dutie bound will dailye praye for your 
honnors healthes and happynes. 

S. P. O. America &, West Indies. 
Vol. 375 (Original). 
Petition of Cuttinge and Andrew — (with the lists of Pas- 
sengers for New England in April 1634). 

A note of the names and ages of all the Passengers which 
tooke shippinge in the Elizabeth of Ipswich, Ma r W m An- 
drews bound for New England the last of Aprill 1634. 

John Sherman aged 20 yeeres 

Edmond Lewis 

aged 33 yeeres 

Joseph Mosse 24 

Mary his Wife 


Richard Woodward 45 

John Spring 


Rose his Wife 50 

Elinor his Wife 


More Gleanings for New England History. 141 

iged 30 yeeres 

These persons above named tooke the oath of Allege- 
ance and Supremacy, at his Maj lys Custome house in Ips- 
wich before us his Ma ls Officers according to the order of 
the Lords and others of his Ma 13 most Hon ble Privy Coun- 
cell, this 12 th of November* 1634. Ipswich Custome- 

Phil. Browne P. Cust r . Tho. Clerc Sur. 

Edw Man Compt. 

S. P. 0. America &, West Indies. 
Vol. 375 (Original). 
List of Passengers for New England (inclosed in Cut- 
tinge and Andrews's Petition.) 

Thurston Raynor 

aged 40 yeeres 

William Blomfield 

Elizabeth his Wife 


Sarah his Wife 

Thomas Skott 


Robert Day 

Elizabeth his Wife 


Mary his Wife 

Henery Kemball 


Sarah Reynolds 

Susan his Wife 


Robert Goodale 

Richard Kemball 


Kathcrin his Wife 

Ursula his Wife 

Samuell Smithe 

Isaacke Mixer 


Elizabeth his Wife 

Sarah his Wife 


Thomas Hastings 

Martha Scott 


Susan his Wife 

George Munnings 


Susan Munson 

Elizabeth his Wife 


Martin Underwood 

John Bernard 


Martha his Wife 

Phebe his Wife 


Henery Gouldson 

Thomas Kilborne 


Anne his Wife 

Elizabeth his Wife 


Anne Gouldson 

John Crosse 


William Cutting 

Anne his Wife 


John Palmer 

Robert Sherin 


Danyell Pierce 

Humphry Bradstreet 


John Clearke 

Bridgett his Wife 


John Firmin 

Henery Glover 


Rebecca Isaacke 
Anne Dorifall 

A note of all the names and ages of all those which did not 
take the oath of allegiance or supremacy beeing underage 
shipped in our Port in the Elizabeth of Ipswich Ma r Wil- 

* The date, evidently, is that of the certificate from the office, not of the passen- 
gers taking the oath. We know they were landed here five months before. ■ 

1 42 More Gleanings for New England History. 

liam Andrewes bound for New England the last of Aprill 



Edm. Lewis 

John Lewis aged 3 y r 

Thomas Lewis % 

Rich. Woodward 

George Woodward 

John Woodward 
John Spring 

Mary Spring 

Henry Spring 

John Spring 

William Spring 
Thurston Raynor 

Thurston Raynor 

Joseph Raynor 

Elizabeth Raynor 

Sarah Raynor 

Lidia Raynor 

Edward Raynor 

Elizabeth Kemball 
Tho s Scott 

Elizabeth Scott 

Abigail Scott 

Thomas Scott 

Isaack Mixer 
Hen. Kemball 

Elizabeth Kemball 

Susan Kemball 

Richard Cutting 
Rich. Kemball 

Henry Kemball 

Richard Kemball 










y r 




Mary Kemball aged 
Martha Kemball 
John Kemball 
Thomas Kemball 
John Lavericke 

Geo. Munnings 

Elizabeth Munnings 
Abigail Munnings 

Jno. Bernard 

John Bernard 
Samuel Bernard 
Thomas King 

Hum. Bradstreet 

Anna Bradstreet 
John Bradstreet 
Martha Bradstreet 
Mary Bradstreet 

W m Blomfield 

Sarah Blomfield 

Sam. Smith 

Samuell Smith 
Mary Smith 
Elizabeth Smith 
Phillip Smith 

Rob 1 Goodale 

Mary Goodale 
Abraham Goodale 
Isaacke Goodale 

Hen. Gouldson 

Mary Gouldson 










Ipswich Customehouse this \2 th of JYov r 1634. 

Phil. Browne P. Cust r . Thos. Clerc Su r . 

Edw. Man Compt. 

S. P. O. America &, West Indies. 
Vol. 375 (Original). 
List of Passengers for New England (inclosed in the 
Petition of Cuttinge and Andrews.) 

A Note of the names and ages of all the Passengers w ch tooke 

More Gleanings for J\'eiv England History* 143 

shipping in the Francis of Ipswich Ma r John Cutting 
bound for New England the last of April 1634. 

John Beetes 

aged 40 y rs 

Robert Pease 

aged 27 

William flaulton 


Hugh Mason 


Nicholas Jennings 


Hester his Wife 


William Westwoode 


Rowland Stebing 


Bridgett his Wife 


Sarah his Wife 


Cleare Drap 


Thomas Sherwood 


Rohert Hose 


Alice bis Wife 


Margery his Wife 


Thomas King 


John Bernard 


John Mapes 


Mary his Wife 


Mary Blosse 


William Frebourne 


Robert Cooe 


Mary his Wife 


Anna his Wife 


Anthony White 


Mary Onge 


Edward Bugbye 


Thomas Boyden 


Rebecca his Wife 


Richard Wattlin 


Abraham Newell 


John Lyvermore 


Francis his Wife 


Richard Pepper 


Just. Houlding 


Mary his Wife 


John Pease 


Richard Houlding 


Robert Win^e 


Judeth Garnett 


Judith his Wife 


Elizabeth Hamond 


John Greene 


Thurston Clearke 


These Persons above named tooke the Oath of Allege- 
ance and supremacy at His Maj tie3 Custome house in Ips- 
wich before us his Maj lies Officers, according to the order of 
the Lords and others of His Maj tiM most Hon ble Privy Coun- 
cell, the 12 th of November 1634. Ipswich Custome house. 
Phil Browne P Custr. Tho s Clerc Sur. 

Edw : Mann Compt. 

S. P. O. America & West Indies. 
Vol. 375 (Original). 
List of Passengers for New England (inclosed in the Peti- 
tion of Cuttinge and Andrews.) 

A note of all the names and ages of all those which did not 
take the Oath of Allegiance or Supremacy, being under 
age, shipped in our Port In the Francis of Ipswich Ma r 
John Cutting, bound for New England the last of Aprill 

144 More Gleanings for JYew England History. 

Will" 1 Westwood 

Robert Pease aged 3 

John Lea aged 

13 y rs 

Darcas Greene 


Grace Newells 


Rowland Stebing 

Rob 1 Rose 

Thomas Stebing 


John Rose 


Sarah Stebing 


Robert Rose 


Elizabeth Stebing 


Elizabeth Rose 


John Stebing 


Mary Rose 


Mary Winche 


Samuel Rose 


Mary Blosse 

Sarah Rose 


Richard Blosse 


Danyell Rose 


Tho s Sherwood 

Darcas Rose 


Anna Sherwood 


Will™ Freebourne 

Rose Sherwood 


Mary Freebourne 


Thomas Sherwood 


Sarah Freebourne 


Rebecca Sherwood 


John Aldburgh 


Rob 1 Cooe 

Jno. Bernard 

John Cooe 


Fayth Newell 


Robert Cooe 


Henry Haward 


Benjamin Cooe 


Abr. Newell 

Rich. Pepper 

Abraham Newell 


Mary Pepper 


John Newell 


Stephen Beckett 


Isaacke Newell 


Eliz. Hamond 

Edw. Bugby 

Elizabeth Hamond 


Sarah Bugbye 


Sarah Hamond 


Jno. Pease 

John Hamond 


Fayth Clearke 


Ipswich Custome house this \2 th of JYov r 1634. 

Phil Browne P Cust r . Edw. Mann Comptr. 

S. P. O. America &, West Indies. 

Vol. 375 (Original). 

List of Passengers for New England (inclosed in the Peti 

tion of Cuttinge and Andrewes.) 

The list of the names of Passengers intended to shipe them- 
selves in the Be vis of Hampton of 150 Tonnes, Robert 
Batten Master for New England ; and thus by virtue of 
the Lord Treasurer's Warrant of the second of May w ch 
was after the restrayne and they some dayes gone to sea 
before the Kings Maj tes Proclamation came unto South- 


John Frey of Basing, Whelwrite, his wife and three 
05 children. 

40 Richard Austin Tayler of Bishopstocke, his Wife and 
05 two children. 

A\ llliam Carpenter > r rT M « 

tttmi" r« * } of Howe I, Carpenters. 

William Carpenter ) ' i 

jkfore Gleanings for New England History. 145 


Robert Ringht his servant Carpenter. 

37 Christopher Batt of Sarum Tanner. 
32 Anne his Wife. 

20 Dorothie Batt there sister, and five children under 

10 tenne yeares. 

24 Thomas Good \ 

22 Eliza Blackston > Servants. 

18 Rebecca Pond J 

32 Abiguel Carpenter 

10 & under and fower Children. 

14 Tho s Banshott, Servant. 

38 Annis Littlefeild and six Children. 
John Ringht Carpenter ) G 
Heugh Durdal J feervants - 

26 Henery Byley of Sarum Tanner. 

22 Mary Byley. 

Thomas Reeves servant. 

20 John Biley. 

40 Richard Dumer of New england. 

35 Alee Dumer. 

19 Thomas Dumer. 
19 Joane Dumer. 
10 Jane Dumer. 

09 Stephen Dumer Husbandman.* 

06 Dorothie DunTer. 

04 Richard Dumer. 

02 Thomas Dumer. 

30 John Hutchinson Carpenter 

26 Francis Alcocke virg r f 

19 Adam Allott Tayler 
22 William Wakefeild 

20 Nathannel Parker of London Backer f 
18 Samuel Poore 

14 Dayell Poore 
20 Alee Poore 

15 Richard Baylev 
20 Anne Wakefeild 

The number of the Passengers abovementioned are Six- 
tie and one Soules. 

[Signed] Hen. Champante Cust r . 

[Qu.]t Tho s Widefris Coll r and Surv r . 
N. Dingley Compf. 

* Perhaps the first figure on the left, against the name of Stephen Dumer, should 
be 2. Certainly a youth of nine years ought not to be titled husbandman. 
t What the words marked thus import is uncertain. % 

t The names of the officers at Southampton, 1635, will explain this query of the 
office clerk at the State Paper Office. See 3 Mass. Hist. Coll. ; VIII. 320. 

VOL, X. 19 

y Servants. 

146 More Gleanings for New England History, 




The Certificate and list of the Passengers names gone for 

New England in the Bevis of Hampton in May 1638. 

S. P. O. America &, West Indies. 

Vol. 372 (Original). 

List of the Passengers for New England. 

Boston, 8 Jan., 1848, 



Communicated to the Massachusetts Historical Society, September, 1347, 


In the progress of a rather extensive course of reading 
in the MS. collections of genealogy at the British Museum, 
I have become acquainted with one manuscript to which 
very little, if any, attention has hitherto been paid. It is 
in the Haiieian department of the Library, having been 
purchased for the Earl of Oxford by Wanley, in 1716, 
as appears by a memorandum at the beginning in Wanley's 
own handwriting. It is numbered 6071. The description 
of it in the Catalogue conveys no clear idea of its nature 
and contents, and is wholly disproportionate to its curiosity 
and value : — " An Heraldical Book shewing the Descent 
and Pedigree of the Kings of England, and of several Fam- 
ilies of the Nobility and Gentry, with an Alphabetical Index 
at each End. Contains 547 pages." It is plainly an au- 
tograph manuscript of some zealous genealogist, containing 
much matter peculiar to itself. There is in no part of it 
any express claim to the authorship by the person whose 
work it is, and the compiler of the Catalogue does not, as 
we see, attempt to settle this question. I have, however, 
succeeded in tracing it to its author; and the knowledge of 
its author gives to it additional value and high authority. 

148 Suffolk Emigrants. 

It is the work of one of the Puritan divines of the century 
before the last, one of the very few ministers of that class 
who paid any attention to historical or genealogical in- 
quiry. His name was Matthias Candler ; born February 
24, 1604; educated in the University of Cambridge; be- 
came M. A., and in 1629 was presented to the vicarage of 
Codenham, in Suffolk, a place in the hundred of Bosmere, 
near to Needham -Market, and but a few miles north of Ips- 
wich. His father was a schoolmaster at Yoxford, and his 
mother a member of a large family named Fiske, some of 
whom had been sufferers in the persecution of the Protes- 
tants in the reign of Queen Mary, and others, his near rela- 
tions, had removed themselves, in the time of the great 
Puritan emigration, to New England. His wife was one of 
a large family of Suffolk divines bearing the name of Dev- 
ereux, a name rarely found, except in the instance of this 
family, but in near connection with eminent dignities in 
England. Her father was rector of Rattlesden in Suffolk. 
The issue of this marriage was three sons, who all took or- 
ders and were all beneficed, before their father's death, in 
the counties of Suffolk and Essex, — namely, Nicholas, who 
was vicar of Framlingham, John, rector of Little Bromley, 
and Philip, who had the Key Church in Ipswich. All these 
particulars are from his own Manuscript ; but from Dr. Cal- 
amy's Account of the Ejected and Silenced Ministers by the 
Act of Uniformity ', 1662, p. 652, we learn that Mr. Candler 
was one of the clergymen of the diocese, on whom had fall- 
en the displeasure of Bishop Wren, the great enemy of the 
Puritans, and that he declined to comply with the require- 
ments of the Act of Uniformity, and gave up his living of 
Codenham. He is described as having been for many 
years a most influential minister, opposing at once prelatical 
tyranny and the wild enthusiasm of the times. He lived 
not long as a non-conforming minister, dying in March, 

Dr. Calamy further informs us, that "He had one pe- 
culiar study and diversion that made him acceptable to gen- 
tlemen, which was Heraldry and Pedigrees. He had really 
been a fit man to have wrote the Antiquities of the Country 
[qu. County?]. Let none condemn him for this, lest they 
also condemn their own great Bishop Saunderson, who was 

Suffolk Emigrants. 149 

much more swallowed up in the same studies." In an- 
other place, p. 662, Dr. Calamy prints a letter which he 
had received from Mr. John Fairfax, another of the ejected 
ministers of Suffolk, written in 1696, excusing himself for 
not complying with Dr. Calamy's request that he would 
send him his recollections of his brethren in the Puritan 
ministry, in which he refers thus to Mr. Candler and his 
studies: — "I was well acquainted with a \evy wise and 
observant minister, Mr. Candler, who has been dead now 
many years, who I know did commit to writing whatever 
he met with that was remarkable." 

These testimonies will be sufficient to entitle Mr. Can- 
dler's labors to respect. It must, however, be added, that 
the Manuscript in the Museum is not written in that suc- 
cinct and precise manner in which it is so desirable that 
pedigrees should be drawn ; that there is sometimes difficul- 
ty in tracing the lines, and therefore uncertainty respecting 
the intention of the author. Further, that the handwriting 
is somewhat careless, or perhaps affected by the state of his 
health, the volume being for the most part written in the 
four or five years preceding his decease. 

The Manuscript is divided into two nearly equal portions. 
The first part, consisting of Pedigrees of the Royal Family 
of England and of the Peers, is of small value, containing 
little, if any thing, that is not to be found in better and 
ordinary authorities. But the second portion is of great 
curiosity. It consists of accounts of families to whom the 
author was himself allied, or with whom he was well ac- 
quainted, — some of them, indeed, of families who appear- 
ed at the Heralds' Visitations ; but many, of such, who, 
though persons of good condition, clergymen and mer- 
chants, were not of the rank of those of whose descents 
the Heralds took cognizance, and concerning whom it is 
therefore easy to obtain information, but the rank immedi- 
ately below them. Any person accustomed to such re- 
search at the sources of genealogical information in England 
knows how difficult it is to obtain complete knowledge con- 
cerning families of this class, and will therefore be prepared 
to value as they deserve the accounts which Mr. Candler 
has given us. 

As his connection, both by descent and marriage, lay very 

150 Suffolk Emigrants. 

much among the Puritans of his time, and as his acquaint- 
ance were principally among the Puritan families of his 
neighbourhood, a large portion of his original Pedigrees re- 
lates to the Puritan families of the county of Suffolk. I 
need not remind the members of the Massachusetts Histor- 
ical Society, that the first governor of New England, John 
Winthrop, or Winthorpe, was of a family settled at Groton 
in that county, and that he resided there till his removal to 
New England in 1630, whither the greater part of his fam- 
ily soon followed him ; or that there were several persons 
who had previously lived in the parts of the county in the 
neighbourhood of Groton, who either accompanied the Gov- 
ernor or soon followed him. Now several of these persons 
are specifically named by Candler as emigrating to New 
England ; others he names, of whom we know from other 
evidence that they did remove to the new country ; and, as 
he gives a few particulars of their descent and alliances, and 
sometimes of their station and rank in the old country, it 
appeared to me that I might be doing not an unacceptable 
service, at least to those who trace their descent from the 
earlier settlers, by extracting the notices, seldom more full 
than pedigrees usually afford, which this Manuscript con- 
tains, of persons who removed themselves from these parts 
of Suffolk to the new country. 

It were to be desired that Mr. Candler had left us an ac- 
count of the Winthrops themselves; for there are still some 
difficulties, after all the labor which Mr. Savage has be- 
stowed upon the investigation of their family history, and 
all that the Governor has himself told us in his History, or 
that may be collected from the family correspondence which 
forms so valuable an accompaniment to the History in Mr. 
Savage's edition. It will be observed, however, that the 
Winthrops, at least the heads of the family, had abandoned 
Suffolk as early as 1630, twenty-six years before Candler 
began this work. Had they remained there during the 
Commonwealth, we should doubtless have found a record 
of so pious and influential a family, who had friends at Co- 
denham, where we have such ample accounts of their neigh- 
bours, the Gurdons at Assington, the Brands, and many 
others, who resembled the Winthrops in position and char- 
acter 5 and were their intimate associates. 

Suffolk Emigrants. 151 

1 know not whether it can be affirmed with certainty, that 
John Winthrop, and such persons as might accompany him 
in the same little Beet, were the first Suffolk emigrants to 
New England. It is probable that the Governor was the 
first of the Suffolk Puritans who ventured to take the de- 
cisive and hazardous step, — at least, 1 perceive nothing in 
Mr. Candler's Pedigrees from which it can be inferred that 
any emigration had taken place previously to the year 1630. 

But though this Manuscript affords no information re- 
specting the family which produced him who has been called 
the Founder, the First Governor, and the Father of Massa- 
chusetts, 1 may be allowed to make one remark concerning 
his genealogy, as it will give me the opportunity of enliven- 
ing what must necessarily be a paper of detail with verse, 
probably the only remaining specimen of the verse of Adam 
Winthrop, the father of the Governor. 

Adam Winthrop received as a present from his " sister, 
Lady Mildmay," in 1607, "a stone pot tipped and covered 
with a silver lid," which is still preserved as a relic in the 
family. Mr. Savage, to whose edition of Winthrop's History 
I owe this information, has not shown us which of the Lady 
Mildmays of his time (for there were several) stood in the 
relation of sister to Adam Winthrop ; but in his communi- 
cation to the Society of information collected by him in 
England in the year 1842, he gives an extract from the par- 
ish register of Groton, which distinctly shows that it was 
Thomas, son of William Mildmay, who married Alice Win- 
throp, the sister of Adam, and he correctly states that this 
Thomas Mildmay was Mildmay of Springfield Barns in 
Essex, was knighted, and that thus the daughter of Win- 
throp became Lady Mildmay. This lady is, indeed, dis- 
tinctly described by Morant, in his History of the County 
of Essex (Vol. II. p. 24), as Alice, daughter of Adam Win- 
throp of Groton. Morant further informs us, that Sir Henry 
Mildmay, of Graces in the parish of Baddow near Chelms- 
ford, was the issue of this marriage. This Sir Henry and 
his family are the Mildmays who are named occasionallv in 
the Winthrop Letters. He lived till 1639, when he died at 
the age of sixty-one. The wife of this Sir Henry was a 
near neighbour and friend of the Winthrops, a daughter of 
Gurdon of Assington, the next parish to Groton, the family 

152 Suffolk Emigrants. 

intended by the Governor, when, in his first letter to Gro- 
ton from the new country, he desires to be remembered to 
all at Assington ; and this Lady Mildmay (not the Lady 
Mildmay originally a Winthrop, as might at first sight be 
supposed) is the lady to whom the lines which follow 
were addressed by Adam Winthrop. There is something 
pleasing in them, and we may observe that they exhibit 
something of the same feeling which we may collect from 
some passages of his son's writings belonged to him. The 
child who was thus welcomed to the world became in due > 
time member for his county, and was the " implacable po- 
litical enemy of Sir John Bramston " (Autobiography of Sir 
John, p. 122). The lines are preserved in a Miscellany of 
Poetry of the time, now No. 1598 of the Harleian MSS. 

Verses made by M T Adam Winthropp to the Ladie Mildmay at y e byrth 
of her sonne Henery. 

Madame. I mourne not like the swanne 
That readye is to die 
But with the Phoenix I rejoyce 
When she in fire doth frye. 

My soule doth praise the Lord 
And magnifie his name 
For this swete childe which in yo r wombe 
He did most finely frame. 

And on a blessed day 

Hath made him to be borne 

That with his giftes of heavenly grace 

His soule he might adorne. 

God graunt him happie days 
In joye & peace to lyve 
And more of his most blessed fruite 
He unto you doe give. 


Verses to her sonne. 

Ah me what doe I meane 
To take my penne in hande 
More meete it were for me to reste 
And silent still to stande 

For pleasure take I none 
In any worldlie thinge 
But evermore methinks I heare 
My fatall bell to ringe 

Suffolk Emigrants. 153 

Yet when the joyful 1 newes 

1 lid come unto my eare 

That god had given to her a sonne 
Who is my nephew decre 

Mv harte was tilde with joye 
My spirits revived all 
And from my olde & barren brayne 

These verses rude did fall. 

Welcome sweete babe thou art 
Unto thy parents deere 
Whose hartes thou tilled hast with joy 
As well yt doth appeare. 

The day even of thy byrth 
When light thou first didst see 
Foresheweth that a joyfull life 
Shall happen unto thee. 

For blessed is that daye 
And to be kept in mynde 
On which our Saviour Jesus Christ 
Was borne to save mankinde. 

Growe up therfore in grace 
And feare his holie name 
Who in thy mothers secreat wombe 
Thy members all did frame 

And gave to thee a soule 
Thy bodie to susteyne 
Which when this life shall ended be 
In heaven with him shall reigne 

Love him with all thy harte 
And make thy parents gladd 
As Samuell did whom of the Lord 
His mother Anna had 

God grannt that they may live 
To see from thee to springe 
Another like unto thy selfe 

Who may more joy then bringe 

And from all wicked wayes 
That godles men do trace 
Pray daylie that he will thee keepe 
By his most mightie grace 

That when thy dayes shall ende 
In his appoynted tyme 
Thou mayest yelde up a blessed soule 
Defiled with noe cryme. 

vol- x. 20 

1 5 4 Suffolk Emigrants. 

And to thy mother deere 
Obedient be and kinde 
Give eare unto her loveing words 
And print them in thy mynde 

Thy father alsoe love 
And willingly obey 
That thou mayst long possesse those lands 
Which he must leave one daye. 


Among the persons who were in the fleet in which Gov- 
ernor Winthrop sailed, in 1 630, was a young man named 
Brand, of whom he speaks thus in a farewell letter to Mrs. 
Winthrop at Groton, written from " on board the Arbella 
riding before Yarmouth, April 3, 1630": — "My brother 
Arthur hath carried it very soberly since he came on ship- 
board, and so hath Mr. Brand's son, and my cousin Ro. Samp- 
son " ; and we find a " Mr. Benjamin Brand," no doubt the 
same person, desiring to be made a freeman at the Gen- 
eral Court of Massachusetts held October 19, 1630, a few 
weeks after the arrival of the fleet. (Savage's Winthrop, 
Vol. II. p. 361.)* It will hardly be doubted that this is a 
Benjamin Brand who appears in one of Candler's Pedi- 
grees, though the circumstance of his having removed to 
New England is not expressly set out by Candler. He was 
one of a large family, children of a John Brand, who re- 
sided at Street End, in Edwardston, a parish adjoining to 
Groton, and brother of Joseph Brand, who, in 1656, was 
residing at Street End, and had several children by Thorn- 
asine Trotter, his wife, among whom was a daughter named 
Thomasine, who had married one of the sons of Sir Na- 
thaniel Barnardiston, an eminent Suffolk Puritan. Of Ben- 
jamin Brand we have nothing but the name; and as it 
appears that he was never of any consideration in New 
England, and that no family sprang from him there, so that 
it is probable he either died young or returned to this 
country, I shall say no more of this family, than that they 
sprang from a John Brand of the Brick House, in Boxford, a 
rich clothier, who established three sons in a respectable po- 
sition in the neighbourhood of Groton, — two of them, John 

* As he did not take the oath in May after, we may be sure he was not here then. 

— S. 

Suffolk Emigrants. 155 

and Benjamin, at Edwardston, and Jacob at Polstead, where 
his family were lords of the manor and patrons of the 
church. The John just mentioned is the father of Benja- 
min. It is probable that the present Lord Dacre (a Brand), 
the Brands of The Hoo, and the Brands of The Hyde, in 
Essex, one of whom, Mr. Brand Hollis, was a benefactor to 
Harvard College, were descendants of the family, one of 
whom accompanied the Governor to New England. In his 
first letter to Groton from New England, dated July 30, 
1630, the Governor desires his remembrance to Mr. Brand. 

In the same letter he desires to be remembered to Mr. 
Mott and his wife, and it appears by a former letter, written 
in October, 1629, that Mr. Mott was meditating to join Mr. 
Winthrop in the expedition on which he was then intent. 
The occurrence of the name of Mr. Mott in near connection 
with that of Mr. Brand renders it probable that the person 
meant is Thomas Mott, a clergyman in Suffolk, who had, 
then or afterwards, the living of Stoke-by-Nayland, and 
who had married Sarah Brand, one of the daughters of 
John of Street End. He survived the Restoration, and was 
one of the Puritan ministers ejected by the Act of Uni- 
formity. His daughter was the wife of William Gurnall, a 
Non-conforming minister, author of that popular work, The 
Christian in Complete Armour, 4to, 1655. The mother of 
Dame Sarah Hewley, the great benefactress of the Non- 
conformists of England, was a Mott. I perceive, however, 
that an Adam Mott received his freedom in 1636.* 

With the letters of the Winthrops before me, I shall tres- 
pass so far beyond the professed object of this communica- 
tion, to remark that " all those at Codenham Hall," to whom 
the Governor desires his remembrance in the first letter 
written to Groton from New England, must mean the fami- 
ly of Choppine, then represented by Tollemach Choppine, 
whose brother was a sergeant-major of horse in the Irish 
wars. Codenham was Candler's living. 

Castleins, another house to which remembrances are sent, 
was in Groton, and the residence of the Cloptons, of whom 
w T as the second wife of the Governor, as indeed Mr. Savage 

* This Adam Mott came in 1635, with wife and five children, emharked in the De- 
fence with Rev. Thomas ^hepard. He was from Cambridge, and probably not re- 
lated to the Suffolk family. — S. 

156 Suffolk Emigrants. 

has observed in his late communication to the Society. 
Assington Hall is, as before observed, the seat of the 

Mr. Leigh is another name which frequently occurs in the 
Winthrop correspondence. This was William Leigh, rec- 
tor of Groton, a different person from William Leigh who 
was ejected at Gorton, in Lancashire (Calamy, Jlccount, 
&c, p. 412), with whom Mr. Savage confounds him (Win- 
throp, Vol. I. p. 347). William Leigh, Winthrop's friend, 
was the son of Ralph Leigh, a Cheshire man, who had 
been a soldier under the Earl of Essex at Cadiz, by Doro- 
thy his wife, a daughter of William Kemp of Finchingfield, 
Esquire, and the authoress of a book called The Mother's 
Blessing. The wife of the rector of Groton was Elizabeth 
Newton, whose father was preacher at Bury St. Edmunds, 
and had been a fellow of St. John's, Cambridge. The eld- 
est son of Leigh was also a fellow of that college, and had 
a living in Cambridgeshire ; and of the daughters, one was 
a schoolmistress at Bury (an early instance of the daughter 
of a family of respectability so employed) and another was 
the wife of a minister. 

We proceed now to a Suffolk family which produced 
many emigrants, and which struck deep root in the New 
England soil. 

It has been already observed that the mother of Cand- 
ler was of this family. There were several branches of it 
in the southern parts of the county of Suffolk, all springing 
from a Richard Fiske who lived at the Broad Gates in 
Laxfield or Loxfield, the great-grandfather of Candler's 
mother. Laxfield is a rural village north of Framlingham, 
where the inhabitants were so zealous for the Reforma- 
tion, that one of them, John Noyes, was most barbarously 
put to death in the reign of Queen Mary. Fox, in his ac- 
count of the burning of Noyes, speaks of Nicholas Fiske, 
who was one of the sons of Richard. Two other of his 
sons, Robert and William, fled in the time of that terrible 
persecution. Sibil, the wife of Robert, was in great danger 
in those times, as was her sister Isabella, originally Gold, 
who was confined in the Castle of Norwich, and escaped 
death only by the power of her brothers, who were men of 
great influence in the county. It does not appear that 

Suffolk Emigrants. 157 

Nicholas had any issue. William, who bad fled) was the 

subject of a parricide, for which his son, Joseph Fiske, suf- 
fered the penalty of death at Bury St. Edmunds. Of this 

branch of the family nothing more; need he said, or of the 
descendants of other sons of Richard, than Robert, from 
whom sprang all oi' the name who were in the early emi- 
gration. Robert Fiske had, by Sibil Gold, his wife, four 
sons and one daughter. The sons were William, Jeffery, 
Thomas, and Eleazar. Eleazar had no issue; but the 
progeny of William, Jeffery, and Thomas, in whole or in 
part, settled in New England. 

William is described by his grandson as of St. James in 
South Elmham, and it is said of him, that he fled with his 
father. His wife was Anne, daughter of Walter Ansty, of 
Tibnam Long Row, in Norfolk. They had John, Nathan- 
iel, and Eleazar, Eunice, Hannah, and Esther. Eunice died 
unmarried ; Esther married John Challie of Red Hall, and 
Hannah, William Candler, and was the mother of our gen- 
ealogist. Of the sons, Eleazar settled at Norwich and had 
female issue only ; Nathaniel was of Waybred, and had 
children who appear to have remained in England ; but of 
the children of John, all that lived to grow up, four in 
number, transferred themselves to the new country. John 
Fiske, the father, died in 1633. His wife was Anne, 
daughter of Robert Lantersee. 

These are the four persons of one family, two brothers 
and two sisters, all married, of w<hom Mather speaks in the 
Magnolia, Part III. p. 141, and what has now been related 
corresponds with what he says of this family being descend- 
ed of persecuted ancestors. The two brothers were John 
and William, and there cannot be a doubt that John is the 
"Mr. John Fiske" who was made a freeman at a Court 
held in March, 1637-8 (Savage's Winthrop, Vol. II. p. 367). 
Mather says that he w r as the elder brother, and that he died 
January 14, 1676. His wife was Ann Gipps, of Frinshall, 
in Norfolk, They had a child who was born at Frinshall, 
but died in infancy. A son, Nathaniel, died an infant. 
Three other children, John, Sarah, and Moses, were born in 
New r England; and here Candler's account of this branch 
of the family ends. William, the other son of John senior, 
and brother to John junior, who emigrated, is probably the 

] 58 Suffolk Emigrants. 

William Fiske who, in 1642, was admitted a freeman. I 
shall now forbear special references to Mr. Savage's volume 
for these admissions. William died in New England in 
1654. He married Bridget Muskett of Pelham, by whom 
he had William, Samuel, Joseph, Benjamin, and Martha. 

Of the two daughters of John Fiske and Anne Lanter- 
see, who with their husbands removed to New England, I 
defer speaking till an account has been given of the other 
males of this family. 

We revert, then, to Jeffery, another son of Robert Fiske, 
and Sibil his wife. The account of his family is not so 
clearly given in the Manuscript as to remove all doubt re- 
specting the true descent as Mr. Candler understood it; 
but it appears that Jeffery had a son named Nathaniel, 
who took his family to New England, in conformity with 
which we find a Nathan Fiske admitted freeman in 1643. 
There was also a David Fiske of this branch of the family, 
who emigrated, a son of Jeffery or of Nathaniel, whose 
wife was Sarah Smith, a daughter of Edmund Smith of 
Wrentham. He took his freedom in 1638, and possibly 
again in 1647.* A Martha Fiske, another descendant of 
Jeffery, daughter or granddaughter, married Under- 
wood, and emigrated to America, whose husband was prob- 
ably the Joseph Underwood who had his freedom in 1645. 
Indeed, it is uncertain whether Candler did not mean to 
say that Jeffery Fiske himself emigrated. 

And lastly, James and Phineas Fiske, who were admitted 
freemen in 1642, are doubtless the two brothers so named, 
sons of Thomas, son of Robert and Sibil, though Candler, 
when he inserts them in the Pedigree, says nothing of 
their having gone to the new country. 

The proper place in the Pedigree has thus been assigned 
to each of the six persons of this name who are in the list 
of those made freemen during the life of Governor Win- 

The Fiskes made pretension to coat-armour ; namely, 
Checkie, argent and gules, on a pale sable three mul- 
lets or. 

The two sisters of John and William Fiske, who with 

* David, 1647, was no doubt son of the freeman of 1638. — S. 

Suffolk Emigrants, 159 

their brothers and husbands removed to New England, were 
named Anne and Martha. 

Anne was the wife of Francis Chickering, the same, no 
doubt, who had his freedom in 1640. Who this Francis 
Chickering was I know not, further than is to be found in 
Candler's Manuscript, which gives no description of him ; 
but in Savage's Winthrop, note at Vol. I. p. 84, a Rev. 
Mr. Chickering, minister of Woburn, is mentioned, who 
might be supposed to be the same, were not his Christian 
name said to be Joseph in his place in Mr. Savage's Index. 
Candler speaks of another Chickering, whose Christian 
name was unknown to him, who married the widow * of a 
first cousin of Candler's father, Benjamin Smith, farmer, of 
Northall in Wrentham. This Mr. Chickering, he further 
says, went to New England after the death of his wife. 
Benjamin Smith was brother to Sarah, wife of David Fiske 
the emigrant. 

Martha Fiske, the other daughter of John, married Cap- 
tain Edmund Thompson, a son of John Thompson, of 
Holkham in Norfolk, by Anne his wife, daughter of John 
Hastings of that place. They had four children born in 
New England, Martha, Edmund, Thomas, and Hannah. 
Thev returned to England and resided at Yarmouth, where 
they had three children born to them, John, Esther, and 
John, who all died in infancy. Candler further informs us, 
that Captain Thompson, who was a sea-captain, served the 
States after the death of King Charles the First. 

Two other of the early settlers from these parts of England 
were related to the Fiskes. These were Joshua and Antho- 
ny Fisher, who took their freedoms, Joshua in 1640, and 

Anthony in 1646. They were brothers, sons of Fisher 

of Sileham, by his wife Mary, who was probably another 
daughter of William and Anne Fiske of South Elmham ; 
but this is another instance in which we have to regret that 
Candler did not draw his pedigrees with more precision. 
Candler does not give us any further information respecting 
them ; but we may form some idea of the class of society 
from which they sprang, from the notice which he takes of 
two of their brothers, who appear to have remained in Eng- 

" Our Henry Chickering of Dedhani was, perhaps, brother of Francis. — S. 

160 Suffolk Emigrants. 

land : Cornelius, who was M. A., and taught the school at 
East Bergholt ; and Amos, who farmed an estate called Cust- 
ridge Hall in the parish of Weeley, which is in the hun- 
dred of Tendring, between Colchester and the sea. Cor- 
nelius left no issue, and his widow remained with George 
Smith, a clergyman, who was one of the ministers at Ded- 
ham, a famous seat of Puritan piety. Amos married Anne 
Morice, the relict of Daniel Locke, and had several children 
settled in those parts of Essex, of whom it is not known 
that any of them followed in the steps of their two uncles. 

It will be remembered that Robert and Sibil Fiske, of 
whom their descendants were accustomed to speak with 
respect, as Protestant confessors in the reign of Queen 
Mary, had, beside the four sons, a daughter. She married 
— - — Bernard, who was farmer of the estate of Custridge 
Hall, which he held of Sir Edward Coke, the Lord Chief- 
Justice. And having mentioned this marriage, Candler 
brings before us a genealogical fact of great curiosity and 
importance. It is, that a daughter of this Bernard married 
a Locke, and was the mother of John Locke, whom, writ- 
ing about 1660, he describes simply as "John Locke, 
M, A. ?> Very little is known of Locke's father, but no one 
who has written on his life has had the slightest knowledge 
of the mother to whom we owe this eminent man. Cand- 
ler was uncertain whether Mrs. Locke were issue of the 
marriage of Bernard with Fiske, or of some earlier mar- 
riage of Bernard. But it is clear, whichever way it is, that 
the mother of Locke must have been brought up among 
the more zealous Puritans of the counties of Essex and 
Suffolk, that she must have heard from her infancy stories 
of religious persecutions, that she must have seen near 
connections of her family leaving their native homes to find, 
as they supposed, security and peace in a distant land ; 
and the feeling thus engendered in her mind we may easily 
believe to have been communicated to her son, who in due 
time became the great defender of the principle of the ut- 
most tolerance in dealing with men in affairs of conscience 
and religious opinion. This is a digression ; — but perhaps it 
will not be unacceptable to the Society to see the name of 
so illustrious a person now, for the first time, placed in 
public in family connection with so many of the early Puritan 

Suffolk Emigrants. 161 

settlers in New England. Bernard stood in the relation of 
great-uncle to Candler, who records the facts which 1 have 
now brought from their hiding-place, and to all the Fiskes 

who laid the foundation of the families of that name in the 
New England States'. 

The Shermans. — The difficulties in tracing the connec- 
tion of John Sherman, who was among the earlier settlers 
in New England, where he and his posterity have been 
eminent, with any of the various families of that surname 
in the old country, have not yet been overcome ; nor has 
the extraordinary statement of the author of the Magnolia, 
that in the wife of one of them (originally Mary Launce) 
he was acquainted with a granddaughter of Darcy, Lord 
Rivers, been established by any English authorities. But 
in the uncertainty which attends the connection of the 
Shermans of New England with any family of the name 
in the parent country, and with the fact, which seems 
pretty well ascertained, that he was a native of Dedham, 
which is in the parts of Essex closely bordering on Suf- 
folk', it will at least aid further inquiries, if it be added, 
that there was a family of the name of Sherman living at 
Ipswich and in the parts adjacent, who were distantly allied 
to the Fiskes and to Candler, the author of the Pedigrees. 
There is a good deal of confusion and uncertainty in Cand- 
ler's account of the family ; but so much as follows may, 1 
think, be relied upon as being what Candler meant to record. 
There was a Thomas Sherman, an inhabitant of Ipswich in 
the reign of Elizabeth, who served the office of Portman 
of that town. He married Margaret Heme, and it was 
through this marriage that the relationship arose with the 
Fiskes and Candlers, — another daughter of Heme, sister or 
aunt of Margaret, having been the wife of Walter Anstey 
and mother of Anne, the wife of William Fiske, as before 
mentioned. There were four sons, issue of the marriage of 
Thomas Sherman and Margaret Heme, — John, Thomas, 
Daniel, and William. Of John, Candler says that he was an 
apothecary at Ipswich, and in the latter part of his life lived 
in Branrield and in Hazlehurst, also that he married a Fro- 
bisher, a near connection of the Withipoles, in those days 
the most considerable family in Ipswich. Candler says 
nothing of any issue of this marriage. Thomas was the 

VOL. X. 21 

162 Suffolk Emigrants. 

rector of Hintlesham, Daniel a physician, and of William 
nothing is said. Now it is clear that the position of this 
family was that of the New England Shermans, whose an- 
cestor, John, was of Trinity College, Cambridge. There 
appear to have been daughters of Thomas and Margaret 
Sherman, well married in Ipswich ; but there is constant 
danger of misrepresenting what Candler meant to record. 
The Hemes, also, were a family of good account in Eng- 
land, and the account of them left by Candler throws light 
upon the status of the Fiskes before their emigration; Fran- 
cis and William, the brothers of Margaret, being both sent 
to Cambridge, and the latter being afterwards of the Mid- 
dle Temple, and called in due time to the bar. Francis, 
the elder brother, married to the displeasure of his father, 
who gave him only £ 60 per annum, leaving the bulk of his 
estate to William. Candler gives these as the arms of this 
family of Sherman: — Azure, a pelican vulning herself or, 
the blood proper. 

We proceed to the name of Rogers, a family of divines 
eminent in England in the Puritan movement, several of 
whom transplanted themselves to New England, where they 
continued to exercise their zealous ministry. Accounts of 
several members of this family are to be found in various 
historical and biographical works ; but this Manuscript of 
Candler's supplies a few facts which have been left unre- 
corded, and presents the genealogical links in a family so 
many members of which acted zealously under the same 

There were two brothers, Richard and John Rogers, both 
zealous preachers, who came out of the North of England, 
and were settled in the ministry in the county of Essex, — 
Richard at Wethersfield, and John at Dedham. These two 
places, though both in the northern part of Essex, are remote 
from each other, Wethersfield lying a few miles to the north of 
Braintree, while Dedham is on the banks of the Stour, near 
Manningtree, and therefore but a short distance from Groton, 
Assington, and Edwardston, and still nearer to Polstead, in 
Suffolk. Of Richard and his family we shall speak first. 
Candler describes him thus : — "Lecturer of Wethersfield, 
who wrote The Seven Treatises and sundry other books of 
great use ; a man of great worth and very faithful in his 

Suffolk Emigrants. 163 

ministry." The fullest printed account of him is in Brook's 
Lives of the Puritans, Vol, II. p. 231. lie was quite a 
leader among the Puritans of Essex, and suffered much op- 
position from the bishops. Brook was unable to discover 

the precise time of his death, but says that lie was alive in 
1615, when he published his Commentary on the Book of 
Judges, in the Dedication of which he says that he had then 
been forty years in the ministry. 

Nothing is said oi' the time of his death in Candler's Manu- 
script, which is too deficient in dates ; nor does the name of 
the first wife of Richard Rogers appear to have been known 
to Candler, who speaks only of a later marriage with the 
widow of John Ward, preacher at Haverhill, and mother of 
Nathaniel Ward, an emigrant Puritan, and minister at Ips- 
wich in New England. But by a former marriage he had 
four sons, to three of whom, after the manner of the old 
Puritans, he gave Old Testament names, that there might 
be no chance of falling upon a name which had been can- 
onized in the early times of the Church. The names he 
chose were Daniel, Ezra, and Ezekiel ; the fourth was Na- 
thaniel. He had also a daughter, who married William 
Jenkin of Sudbury, and was the mother of Elizabeth, wife 
of Thomas Cawton, an eminent Puritan minister of the time 
of the Commonwealth. 

Of the sons of Richard Rogers, Ezra and Nathaniel left 
no issue. Ezekiel, whom Winthrop calls " a worthy son of 
a worthy father " (Savage's W r inthrop, Vol. I. p. 278), after 
having exercised his ministry for some years at a place called 
Rowley, in Yorkshire, removed in 1638 to New r England. 
This is one of the cases in which Candler has not preserved 
the fact of the emigration. He is named in the Magnalia 
(Part III. p. 101) as one of the eminent ministers of New 
England. He was married when he went out, and Candler 
has preserved his wife's name, Sarah, daughter of John Eve- 
rard, citizen of London, also the fact that all his children died 
before him, which is corroborated by Mather, who says that 
Ezekiel Rogers had two later wives, married, it is presumed, 
in New England. He died January 23, 1660-1, being 
about seventy years of age. He is regarded as a benefac- 
tor to the new country, by his gifts to the ministry at Row- 
ley in New England, and to Harvard College. Much more 
might be told about him. 

164 Suffolk Emigrants. 

Daniel Rogers, the other son of Richard, and brother of 
Nathaniel, was also a divine. I shall transcribe what Cand- 
ler says of him, referring for more particulars to Brook's 
Lives of the Puritans, Vol. III. p. 149. "He succeeded 
his father as Lecturer at Wethersfield : an eminent scholar 
and preacher, who hath many works in print, he being one 
of the eminent Fellows in Christ's College, Cambridge, was 
the advancer of Dr. Ames, whom he brought in to be Fellow 
there." He ended his days at Wethersfield in 1652. He 
had two sons, both divines, — Daniel, who had a living in 
Northamptonshire, and Samuel, who was Lecturer at Cree 
Church in London. Daniel left posterity, among whose de- 
scendants, if any, is the representation of the New Eng- 
land benefactor. 

We have now to speak of John, the brother of Richard of 
Wethersfield. Candler describes him as "the famous preach- 
er at Dedham in Essex." He had been before at Haverhill 
in Suffolk, as successor to Laurence Fairclough, another emi- 
nent Puritan. But the greater part of his life was spent at 
Dedham, where his ministry was very influential, and where 
he died on October 15, 1636. Reference must again be 
made to the work of Mr. Benjamin Brook, who has brought 
together from various quarters all that he could find con- 
cerning him (Vol. II. p. 421). Candler informs us that he 
was thrice married. The family of the first wife is not 
named ; the second was Elizabeth Gold, widow of John 
Hawes ; and the third, Dorothy Stanton, widow of Richard 
Wiseman, of Wigborough in Essex. Candler speaks only 
of one son and one daughter. The daughter married John 
Hudson, rector of Capel in Suffolk, " an eminent preacher," 
brother of Samuel Hudson, who succeeded him in the rec- 
tory and married Hannah Wiseman, a step-daughter of 
John Rogers. The only son of John Rogers of whom Can- 
dler speaks, and probably the only son who lived to man's 
estate, was Nathaniel Rogers, a son of Elizabeth Gold, the 
second wife. This Nathaniel was one of the Puritan emi- 
grants from the county of Suffolk. He removed himself to 
New England in 1636, the year of his father's death, and 
two years before his near relation, Ezekiel Rogers. He ar- 
rived there November 1 7. Winthrop, speaking of his arrival, 
says, " There were aboard that ship two godly ministers, Mr. 

Suffolk Emigrants. 105 

Nathaniel Rogers and Mr. Partridge." He has an eminent 
place in the Magnulia, where it appears that he was horn 
while his father was minister at Haverhill, his Suffolk charge. 
He became the incumbent of the church of Assington, in the 

immediate neighbourhood of Groton ; so that he would no 
doubt be welcomed by Governor Winthrop as an old acquaint- 
ance as well as a Christian friend. He resigned this living, 
when he took the resolution of joining his Puritan friends in 
the new country. He then became one of the pastors of 
the church at Ipswich, for the emigrants from these parts of 
Suffolk and Essex had already founded towns named after 
the familiar places in their native land, Ipswich and Dedham. 
Mather speaks of him as one of the greatest men and best 
ministers that ever set his foot on the American shore. He 
lived there nineteen years, dying July 3, 1655, aged 57. 

So much from the ordinary authorities ; and now, keeping 
in view the genealogical character of this communication, I 
add, that there is no reason to suppose that this family were 
at all connected with the Rogers who was the first person 
put to death for religion in the reign of Queen Mary, as 
seems to be intimated in the note at p. 205 of the first vol- 
ume of Mr. Savage's edition of Winthrop's History. It ap- 
pears by the note just referred to, that many of the de- 
scendants of this Nathaniel Rogers have been eminent in 
New England, and that his eldest son, John Rogers, was 
President of Harvard College. Also, that there is much 
concerning the family in Eliot's Biographical Dictionary of 
Eminent Americans. Candler, w T riting about 1660, men- 
tions four sons, John, Nathaniel, Samuel, and Timothy, but 
gives no more than the names. It seems, also, that there was 
a daughter married to William Hobert, wmo may be the Mr. 
William Hubbard who took his freedom May 2, 1638.* But 
the best information given by Candler is, that, the wife of 
Nathaniel Rogers, and the ancestor of his distinguished 
American posterity, w r as Margaret Crane, a daughter of 
Robert Crane of Coggeshall in Essex, by Mary his wife, 
daughter of Samuel Sparhouse of Dedham ; which Robert 
Crane married a second wife, Margaret, daughter of Robert 
Maidstone of Broxted Hall in Essex, relict of Walter Clop- 

* Margaret, daughter of Nathaniel Rogers, married William Hubbard, the histori- 
an, II. C, 1642. — S. 

166 Suffolk Emigrants. 

ton. This may seem to bring the wife of Nathaniel Rogers 
into some distant affinity with John Winthrop, the Govern- 
or, whose second wife was a Clopton. Ezekiel and Na- 
thaniel Rogers both received their freedom on the same 
day, May 23, 1639, and on the same day Mr. Nathaniel 
Sparhawk [qu. Sparhouse ?] did the same. This, in all 
probability, was another Dedham emigrant. 

Half-sister to Nathaniel Rogers was Elizabeth Hawes, the 
only issue of whom Candler speaks of the marriage of John 
Hawes and Elizabeth Gold. She married a clergyman 
who under the name of " Olmestead " occurs in the Win- 
throp correspondence, but whose name is written by Cand- 
ler " Holmestead," — Richard Holmestead, sometime rec- 
tor of Arwarton in Suffolk, then chaplain to Lord Chancellor 
Loftus in Ireland, and finally, when driven out of that coun- 
try by the rebels, placed in Bennington rectory, in Suffolk. 

Another Dedham emigrant was Edmund Angier, who 
took his freedom in 1640. He was the youngest of four 
sons of John Angier, a person of good account and prop- 
erty at Dedham, and born about the year 1612. He was in 
England a grocer, and continued the same trade in New 
England. He seems to have been little remembered among 
his relations in England ; for Oliver Hey wood, who married 
Elizabeth Angier, his niece, writing in 1678, speaks with 
uncertainty whether he were then alive. See his Life of 
John Angier (Works, Vol. I. p. 520). John Angier, the 
eldest son, lived, in his youth, in his father's house, attend- 
ing the ministry of John Rogers. Being intended himself 
for the ministry, he was sent to Cambridge, and lived after- 
wards for a while in the family of John Cotton, at Boston. 
When Governor Winthrop was preparing for his voyage, in 
1629, he designed to go likewise, and was only diverted 
from his purpose by an accidental circumstance, of which 
we have the account in his Life. He was afterwards a very 
eminent Puritan minister at Denton, near Manchester. Ac- 
cording to Candler, a John Angier of Boxted, an adjoining 
parish to Dedham, who had an estate of about £ 200 per 
annum, was half-brother to Christopher Hudson, father of 
John and Samuel, the ministers before mentioned. 

Haverhill in Suffolk, like Dedham in Essex, was a place 
which had been under the influence of zealous Puritan 

Suffolk Emigrants. 167 

ministers, the Wards, of whom was Nathaniel Ward, a min- 
ister who emigrated, and who is mentioned by Governor 
Winthrop, under the year 1641, as having drawn up the 

Hundred Laws which were called "The Body of Liberties." 
(Savage's Winthrop, Vol. II. p. 55.) His father, John Ward, 
was the minister at Haverhill, son of a person at Rivenhall, 
who was chief constable, it may be supposed, of the hundred, 
a man of such esteem, that by an oration which he made 
he quieted a commotion of the people. So says Candler, 
writing of this family. John Ward, his son, was one of 
several children. He was one of those ministers who could 
not be content with being eminently influential as Christian 
pastors, but they must needs make themselves singular by 
such notions as objecting to the surplice, and other things 
(perfect trifles in themselves) which the great majority of 
their countrymen thought to be but decent usages in the 
Church. The bishop remonstrated, and he, still persisting, 
caused himself to be harassed and uncomfortable. He did 
not, however, take the course which so many other minis- 
ters of his description did, of removing himself to New 
England. He died in England, leaving a widow and five 
sons. The widow married Richard Rogers of Wethersfield ; 
and of the sons, four were in the ministry, — Samuel, Na- 
thaniel, John, and Edward. Of Edward, all w T e learn from 
Candler is that he w r as M. A. Of John, that he was rec- 
tor of Dennington in Suffolk, and after, of St. Clements in 
Ipswich. Samuel is called " the famous town-preacher at 
Ipswich," but he had been before at Haverhill. At Ipswich 
he was not sufficiently conformable, and removed himself to 
Llolland, where he died about 1640. Nathaniel Ward, the 
remaining son of John, is described by Candler as " of Ips- 
wich in New England, rector of Shen field in Essex." He 
had been settled as a minister in England, but, in 1634, 
having suffered much for his non-conformity to a few imma- 
terial ceremonies, he removed to New England, where he 
remained about eleven years, and, returning to England, be- 
came minister of Shenfield, where he died in 1653. 

He had left a son, John Ward, a minister in England, 
where he had the living of Hadleigh in Suffolk, not far from 
Groton. He had the same scruples about minor points which 
so interfered with the usefulness and interrupted the peace of 

168 Suffolk Emigrants. 

these worthy men, and in 1639 he followed his father to 
New England, where he was living when Candler wrote his 
account of the family, and there, according to the Magnolia, 
he remained for the rest of a long life, dying in 1693, pas- 
tor of the church at Haverhill, a place so named after the 
town in Suffolk from whence the Wards proceeded. 

In Candler's Manuscript we have accounts of two large 
families who appear to be grandchildren of John Ward of 
Haverhill. Among them are several ministers, and the mar- 
riages of the daughters are for the most part with beneficed 
divines in Suffolk and Essex. But it would be unsafe, with- 
out correlative authorities, to place them in the genealogy. 
One, however, may be admitted without risk of error, the 
wife of another Puritan exile. This was Susan, daughter of 
Nathaniel, who was the wife of Giles Firmin, who is de- 
scribed by Candler as rector of Shalford in Essex. There 
is a large account of Firmin in Calamy (Account, &c, 
p. 295), who was born in Suffolk, and whose first deep re- 
ligious impressions were taken from the preaching of Rogers 
of Dedham. He went to New England as an apothecary 
or physician, but after a few years returned and became a 
minister. He was ejected by the Act of Uniformity. 

There was some kind of family connection between the 
Wards and the family of Chaplaine of Bury St. Edmunds, 
which sent two of its members to New England. Candler's 
account is, that " Clement Chaplaine, a chandler in Bury, 
w T ent over into New England, and was one of the elders of 
the congregation whereof Mr. Hooker is minister," and that 
his wife was Sarah Hinds, one of eight sisters, the daughters 
and coheirs of — — Hinds, a goldsmith at Bury, another 
of whom married Thomas Chaplaine, brother of Clement, 
and a third George Groome of Rattlesden, Esquire, a jus- 
tice of the peace. " Mr. Clement Chaplaine " took his 
freedom at the Court on March 3, 1635-6, which nearly fixes 
the period of his emigration. Nothing is said by Candler 
of any descendants of this settler, or whether he continued 
to live in the new country. 

Martha, a sister of Clement Chaplaine, whose fortune 
from her father was £300, married Robert Parker of Wool- 
pit, a village about six miles distant from Bury. Candler 
says that he also went to New England, and we find the 

Suffolk Emigrants. 109 

name of Robert Parker anions those who received their 
freedom at the Court on March 4, 1634-5,* and it may 
be presumed that he is the Robert Parker whose name is 
mentioned in connection with that of Dr. Ames in the note 
at page 58 of the first volume ol" Savage's Winthrop. 

And here it will not be quite out of place to mention, 
that the learned Dr. William Ames, born in Norfolk, of whom 
w r e have before had occasion to speak, had made all his ar- 
rangements for removing to New England, when he was 
prevented by death. His wife and family, however, trans- 
ferred themselves thither in 1634, carrying with them Dr. 
Ames's valuable library. A son, who bore his father's name, 
William, was a graduate of Harvard College in 1645. He 
returned to England, and in 1616 was placed in the church 
of Wrentham in Suffolk, from whence he was ejected in 

Another Suffolk divine, who retired to New England, and 
there received his freedom in 1640, was Thomas Water- 
house. Of him we have a good account by Dr. Calamy 
(Continuation, &,c, p. 810), who informs us that he was 
for some time curate to Mr. Candler at Codenham, and that 
while there he married a gentlewoman of very good family. 
Candler tells us who she was, — Ann May hew, daughter 
of John May hew and Ann his wife, daughter of Edward 
Morgan of Monks-Soham. She was coheiress with Eliza- 
beth, wife of Edward Dunston, who had a daughter, the wife 
of Sir Robert Drury of Riddlesworth, Baronet. There was 
an early settlement of Mayhews in New England in the 
person of Thomas Mayhew, who took his freedom in 1634. 
The name became distinguished. Mr. Waterhouse did not, 
however, make any permanent settlement in New England; 
for, receiving information of the death of a brother of his 
wife, by which the inheritance came to his wife and her 
sister, he returned to England, where he acted partly as a 
minister and partly as a schoolmaster, being ejected at Ash 
Booking in Suffolk by the Act of Uniformity. He died in 
1679 or 1680, being nearly eighty years of age. One of 
his daughters, named Anne, was born in New England. 
The names of his other children were Thomas, Conquest, 

* But that Robert Parker was probably " servant to our brother William Aspin- 
wall," according to the records of our First Church of Boston. — S. 

vol. x. 22 

170 Suffolk Emigrants. 

John, Edward, David, and Elizabeth. It is not known 
whether any of them returned to America, where, however, 
the name existed in later times. 

A Mayhew, probably the father or brother of Mrs. Water- 
house, married Mary Cowper, and leaving her a widow, she 
remarried with a man of some celebrity, William Dowsing of 
Codenham, Mr. Candler's parish, who has left a record of 
his proceedings in demolishing the remains of painted glass, 
which the first race of reformers had spared, in the churches 
of Suffolk. This very curious document w T as printed in 
1 786, in a quarto pamphlet. 

There is still one other Suffolk divine who claims a place 
among the Puritan emigrants, though he, like Waterhouse, 
soon returned to the old country. This was Richard Jen- 
nings, a native of Ipswich, who, in 1636, accompanied Mr. 
Nathaniel Rogers. He returned in 1638, had the church of 
Combe in Suffolk, from which he was ejected by the Act 
of Uniformity in 1 662. I have this from Calamy (Account, 
&c, p. 649). 

Governor Winthrop, in his History (Vol. I. p. 106), men- 
tions an accident which befell two servants of " one Moody 
of Roxbury," to whom Mr. Savage, in his Index, assigns 
the name of John. And in this he is doubtless right, as 
there was a John Moody who took his freedom in 1633, 
and we find in Candler's Pedigrees a John Moody " who 
went into New England." This is all he says of him, ex- 
cept what is genealogical, namely, that he was one of the 
sons of George Moody of Moulton, " a man famous for his 
housekeeping, and just and plain dealing." The brothers 
of John were George, whose residence was at Ipswich, and 
John, a woollen-draper in Bury, where he was an alderman, 
a person of great power in committees, a justice of the 
peace, and member for the borough. By Mary his wife, 
daughter of John Bouldrie, gentleman of Bury, he had sev- 
eral children. It was doubtless to this family that the 
Moodys mentioned in Savage's Winthrop, Vol. II. p. 123, 

One family more, and the direct information supplied by 
Candler's Manuscript is exhausted. John Whiting, of Had- 
leigh in Suffolk, had a daughter Ann, who with her husband, 
Robert Payne, went to New England ; in conformity with 

Suffolk Emigrants* 171 

which we find a Robert Payne taking his freedom in 1641. 

I know not whether there were descendants of this mar- 
riage in New England ; but it may be added that the 
Whitings were a Suffolk family sprung from Boxford, and 

that John Whiting had, by Rose his wile, a daughter of Wil- 
liam Fisher, John, who was of Hadleigh, Henry, who served 
the office of Portman of Ipswich, and two daughters beside* 

Mrs. Payne, namely, Rose, who, having been twice married 
before, became the wife of Matthew Lawrence, town-preach- 
er of Ipswich, and Mary, who married, 1. George Compe, 
2. Nicholas Stanton, and 3. Samuel Slater, clerk. There 
can be but little reason to doubt that Samuel Whiting, the 
divine, who was in New England in 1636, was of this family. 

This does not pretend to be a complete account of all 
the persons of the county of Suffolk who, in the first ten or 
twelve years after John Winthrop of Groton had removed 
himself and his family to New England, followed in his 
steps. It contains all the persons who are expressly said 
by Candler to have gone to that country, and a few others 
found in other writings. But there were probably others, 
persons of good account, as Emanuel Downing, brother-in- 
law of Winthrop, who was probably of Suffolk, though no 
account of his birth has yet been discovered. On looking 
through the list of persons who received their freedom dur- 
ing the time of Winthrop, we find several names which 
may be called Suffolk names, and which, by reasonable 
conjecture, may be so far regarded as belonging to persons 
of that county, that inquiry respecting them should begin 
there, were any one disposed to institute what would too 
often prove an unsuccessful search. Maverick, Hubbert, 
Gage, Talmage, Blom field, Noise, Fitch, Coytemore, Cha- 
pin, Gurnal, have all a Suffolk sound. 

Those who followed Governor Winthrop from his own 
county may not improperly be designated the Second Pu- 
ritan Emigration, — the First being formed of those who 
had been of Mr. Robinson's church, and founded Plymouth, 
and the emigrants from Dorsetshire. From the information 
of Candler and of other persons by whom they are inci- 
dentally mentioned, we are able to form a pretty correct 
idea of the status of the families in the old country, and the 
class of society in England to which the Suffolk emigrants 

172 Suffolk Emigrants, 

belonged. And we see that the Suffolk emigration con- 
sisted very much of persons who, though not of the very 
first rank, were yet men of substance and good alliances, 
the layer of population next below that which came ex- 
pressly under the cognizance of the Heralds at their Visita- 
tions, — will-making families, families high in the subsidy- 
books, — while some of them, as the Winthrops, were among 
the principal gentry of the county, and several claimed the 
distinction of coat-armour : while the divines were all grad- 
uates of the Universities, — all, I think, of Cambridge. So 
that those who descend from the Suffolk emigrants may for 
the most part show an origin that is at least respectable in 
the old country. At the same time it must be observed, 
that the persons of whom we have spoken would take out 
others in the capacity of servants, most of whom, we may 
presume, would be of the county of Suffolk. We may re- 
mark, moreover, that this was probably the best emigration 
in respect of the quality of the emigrants. 

It is extremely difficult, even for one who has paid no small 
attention to the analysis of the English population, to trace 
any of the persons who formed Mr. Robinson's church to 
their original domicile in England. Captain Miles Standish 
may, with confidence, be affirmed to be of the family of 
Standish of Duxbury in Lancashire. Governor Bradford is 
placed, on grounds of probability, on the borders of York- 
shire and Nottinghamshire. But this is nearly all that can be 
done. When we are told that they were persons " of the 
North of England," the information is too vague to serve as 
an intimation of the proper course of inquiry. 

The influence of the Suffolk emigration is seen in the top- 
ographical nomenclature of Massachusetts, where are the 
names Ipswich, Groton, Haverhill, Sudbury, Medfield, be- 
side Rowley, so named by one of the Rogerses ; and Ded- 
ham, Billerica, and Chelmsford, so named by those of the 
county of Essex who joined them. All these places appear 
in the map of 1677, and form no small portion of the whole 
number of the New England towns. The records of each 
of these places would doubtless supply much information 
respecting the Suffolk Emigration, as well by adding new 
names as by enlarging what is known concerning the names 
in this communication. 


[This biographical sketch was received from Alexander Gardiner, 
Esq., of New York, who states, in his letter accompanying it, November 
10, 181-2, that the account of Lion Gardiner prefixed to his narrative of 
the Pequot War, in the third volume of this series, is incorrect in all its 
essential particulars, and that the following has been compiled from ma- 
terials collected from various writers and official records.] 

Lion Gardiner was a native of England. He was ed- 
ucated to the profession of arms, and, having studied civil 
and military engineering, became an officer in the British 
army. In the reign of Charles the First, discontent at 
home, and successful fortunes in the Netherlands, drew 
thither many Britons of piety, courage, and enterprise. 
Some sought military fame, and some liberty of opinion, 
while others hoped to combine the two. Gardiner engaged 
in the wars of Holland, and became Master of Works of 
Fortification in the legers of the Prince of Orange. In this 
situation he saw much active service, and derived from ex- 
perience lessons of great use in the trying scenes of his 
subsequent life. Hugh Peters, John Davenport, and other 
eminent Puritans, had been exiled from their native land 
by the pains of non-conformity, and had found a refuge in 
the city of Rotterdam. They were at this time eagerly turn- 
ing their eyes toward America ; and imagined they saw in 
New England, not only a safe asylum, but a land possessed 
of all the elements of prosperity. Sympathy of* nativity, 
associations, and religious sentiments brought Gardiner in 
intimate contact with these men. His talents and acquire- 
ments fitted him to become a highly useful member of a 
newly constituted society, and in the country of his adop- 

174 Lion Gardiner. 

tion peace had now left little to the ambition of an aspiring 
soldier. Like most of the emigrants of that day, he might 
have been dazzled by exaggerated accounts of the attrac- 
tions of the New World ; and he was allured by the liberal 
offers of his friends, and the high expectations held out to 
him, to pledge his services to the Company of Patentees 
of the Territory at the Mouth of Connecticut River, "in 
the drawing, ordering, and making of a city, towns, forts, 
and fortifications." By the terms of his agreement, made 
with Peters, Davenport, and others, he was to act in this 
employment four years, and have under his control three 
hundred able-bodied men. At this period, in the small city 
of Woerden, so often devastated in the wars of Europe, he 
formed a matrimonial connection with Mary Wilemson, a 
native of that place, a lady of the highest respectability, 
who was ever after the beloved companion of his life. 

He now prepared to fulfil his engagement. A Norsey 
bark, probably so called from the northern coast of Scot- 
land, was provided by the Patentees, and furnished with all 
suitable provisions. In her, on the 10th of July, 1635, he 
embarked with his wife, a female attendant, and eleven souls 
besides, and setting sail from Amsterdam, first sought his 
native country. Having tarried awhile among his friends, 
he embarked from London in the same small craft, of only 
twenty-five tons burden, and after a very boisterous passage, 
which was survived, says Winthrop, " through the Lord's 
great providence," having first touched at Boston, arrived at 
the mouth of the Connecticut river on the 28th of November, 
1635. A few days previous, Governor Winthrop, who had 
lately been commissioned by the Patentees, had sent twenty 
men, principally carpenters, under the charge of Lieutenant 
Gibbons, to take possession of the place. 

Winter had already set in ; and immediate preparations 
were made to provide against the inclemency of the season 
and the incursions of the warlike tribes that surrounded. 
Having erected buildings, and taken other necessary pre- 
cautions, Gardiner patiently awaited the arrival of the 
three hundred men who were to have followed him from 
England. But his just expectations were disappointed, and 
the objects of his mission were in a great measure thwarted, 
by the failure of the Patentees in the faithful fulfilment of their 

Lion Gardiner. 175 

contract. In the spring, he was reenforced only by a com- 
paratively small body of men; but notwithstanding his vex- 
ation at this event, he pursued the active duties of his com- 
mand, and erected the fort at Saybrook. 

The weakness of the garrison was rendered more galling 
by the hot haste exhibited by Fenwick, Oldham, Stanton, 
and Hugh Peters, who had arrived at the fort, to involve the 
country in immediate war with the Pequot Indians. It was 
in vain that Gardiner remonstrated against the ardor of these 
gentlemen, and set forth the dangers which would environ 
his small force, scantily provisioned and scantily protected, 
in a location where they might have to bear the whole brunt 
of the contest. Discretion and policy, the great checks 
upon human actions, hold little restraint over those who 
have no personal interests at stake, and its advocates might 
have been blinded to the hazards of a war, in which their 
safety would be secure, whatever might be the event. A 
flying force can attack and retreat with great rapidity, and 
at little risk ; but the garrison of an isolated fortress, while 
they can hope for no safety but in the maintenance of their 
position, are in continual danger of being surrounded by 
superior numbers, and cut off from water and provisions. 
It appeared also to Gardiner, that what was of higher mo- 
ment, a justification of war, was wanting in this instance. 
The Pequots had killed one Captain Stone, and the crew of 
his small vessel, which had arrived at the river from Virginia. 
Though some years had elapsed since this occurrence, it 
was now demanded, by a people having little sympathy 
and no political relations with the countrymen of the de- 
ceased, that the offenders should be delivered up. The 
tribe refused to accede to this demand, on the ground that 
Stone had provoked their animosity by suspicious and im- 
proper conduct ; but as an evidence that this refusal was 
accompanied with no hostile feelings, as well as in mitiga- 
tion of the offence, they sent the Commissioners such pres- 
ents as they esteemed of the highest value. Gardiner ad- 
vised that the gifts should be received ; and expressed his 
conviction, that, if they were returned, an open rupture with 
that fierce and powerful nation would be inevitable. He 
urged, that, at least, the matter should be allowed to rest 
quietly until he was better prepared with the means of de- 

176 Lion Gardiner* 

fence and the necessaries of life. These counsels did not 
prevail ; the pledges of friendship were refused ; and, as 
had been foretold, hostilities ensued. When afterwards 
Endicott, Turner, and Underhill, with their forces, were 
sent from Boston to make a descent on the Pequots near 
New London, and had arrived at Saybrook, Gardiner told 
them, ■ — " You have come hither to raise these wasps about 
my ears, and then you will take wing and fly away." 

During the following season, the fort was almost con- 
tinually beset by the enemy, and curious stratagems were 
resorted to for the protection of the garrison, which was in- 
cessantly threatened with famine. In various sorties, sev- 
eral of the men were killed, and Gardiner himself on one 
occasion was severely wounded. A general fast was ordained 
by the governor of Massachusetts, on account, among other 
things, of the perilous position of the garrison. Through 
singular good-fortune, as well as through the vigilance and 
discretion of the commander, the post was nevertheless 
throughout the war successfully defended and maintained. 
The winter of 1635 is noted in the annals of the country 
as one of remarkable severity ; and beside the sufferings in- 
duced by the inclemency of the season, and the dangers of 
savage warfare, the dictates of humanity added others, and 
perhaps greater. The hardy pioneers, who some time pre- 
vious had forced their way through the wilderness from 
Boston to Windsor and Wethersfield, had been compelled, 
by the loss of their provisions and household goods, to re- 
treat from those places in the depth of winter, leaving be- 
hind two females of their number, who had been seized 
and carried into captivity by the natives. On their return, 
laden with blasted hopes, perishing with extreme cold, and 
worn by hunger and fatigue, they were hospitably received 
at the fort, and sheltered and entertained according to its 
precarious fare. The small winter supplies provided w 7 ere 
now drawn upon to supply the necessities of at least sev- 
enty human beings whose presence had been unforeseen, 
who had no resources of their own, and who stood in need 
of raiment as well as food. The elements, hitherto so un- 
propitious, came to their relief; a copious rain dissolved 
the ice in the river, and set afloat a vessel which had been 
frozen in above the fort. She was got out with great diffi- 

Lion Gardiner. 177 

culty and exposure, after being stranded on the bar, and the 
unfortunate adventurers, embarking in her, sailed for Bos- 
ton. At this period of suffering and accumulated cares, 
Mrs. Gardiner, who had been born to the luxuries of the 
most commercial country of the world, now cut off from 
association with her sex, and surrounded by a rough sol- 
diery, was enceinte of her first child. Her son David was 
born on the 29th of April, 1636, and was the first white 
child born in Connecticut. 

The ultimate extirpation of the Pequots relieved the 
garrison from the dangers which had two years impended ; 
and on the return of Mason from the massacre at Mystic, 
approaching the fort with cautious secrecy, he was unex- 
pectedly received "with many great guns" by the com- 
mander at Saybrook, who rejoiced at the result, though his 
judgment and feelings were adverse to the war. Gardiner 
had some time previous succeeded in rescuing the two 
females who had been taken by the Indians at Weth- 
ersfield. At his own expense, without remuneration, he 
clad and maintained them, and returned them to their 
friends in Boston. During the remaining two years in 
which he commanded the fort, he was actively engaged in 
the settlement of the country about the mouth of the river ; 
and though no further danger was anticipated from the In- 
dians, and the neighbouring Mohegans were friendly, he was 
still watchful of their movements. 

In 1660, in compliance with request, he wrote a Relation 
of the Pequot War, dated at East Hampton, L. I., addressed 
to Chapman and Hurlburt, who were among the chief ac- 
tors in that contest, and submitted it to the examination of 
Mason and Winthrop. In the letter transmitting it to his 
friends, Gardiner suggested, that, inasmuch as the truth 
must not be spoken at all times, his narrative might give 
umbrage to some ; and he therefore gave them leave to 
burn or publish it. They did neither; and after the lapse 
of nearly two hundred years, it has found its way to the 
press : its suppression is, however, an evidence of the jus- 
tice of the anticipations of its author. This Relation, which 
appears to have been the earliest treating of the subject, is 
written in the quaint style of the age, abounding in Scrip- 
tural illustration ; but it has a candid and dignified tone, and 

VOL. x. 23 

178 Lion Gardiner. 

in many things anticipated posterity rather than agreed with 
contemporaries. Of the causes and promoters of the war, 
it differs from the publications made many years subsequent 
to its date ; but the author had the best means of knowl- 
edge, and if his character were not a sufficient vindication 
of his fidelity, he could yet have had no motive for misrep- 
resentation. If such motive had existed, it is impossible to 
suppose that he would have submitted his narrative to the 
supervision of men who had directed and cooperated in the 
war, and who must have been cognizant of all its features. 
From his first landing, in all his various relations with the 
Indians, in many trying situations, he seems to have enter- 
tained the most just views, even at a time when such were 
not sanctioned by the conduct of a Christian people. Im- 
perious necessity occasionally demanded from him a severe 
exercise of power ; but his bearing toward the aborigines 
was at all times leavened with a generous and merciful spirit. 

As the termination of his service approached, he cast 
about him for other sources of employment, and another 
manner of life. He had been disappointed in the expecta- 
tions held out to him, he was somewhat dissatisfied with 
the administration of affairs in the Colonies, and his feelings 
were averse to the means by which many of the prominent 
men had found distinction. Under these circumstances, 
he retired from New England, and purchased from the sa- 
chem Wyandanch a beautiful island, which now bears his 
name, at the eastern extremity of Long Island Sound. This 
island, then a wilderness, open to the expeditions of the 
most warlike tribes, and almost thirty miles remote from the 
nearest European settlements, had been previously inhabit- 
ed by the Montaukett Indians. It was called by that tribe 
Monshonock, signifying a place where many had died, and 
contained about three thousand acres of excellent land, 
presenting a delightful landscape, varied with wood and 
water, hill and dale. Taking with him, as farmers, a num- 
ber of men from the garrison of the fort, he here, in 1639, 
formed the first British settlement in the present State of 
New York. 

His purchase from the Indians w r as confirmed by a grant 
from James Farrel, agent of the Earl of Stirling, conferring 
upon him extensive powers over his plantation, which was 

Lion Gardiner. 179 

made independent of every other settlement, and subordi- 
nate only to the general government of the Colony. The 
soil of the island was fertile, and the labors of cultivation 
were immediately commenced. The surrounding shores 
furnished clams and oysters, the bay and fresh ponds abound- 
ed in fish of every variety, and the destructive presence of 
the white man had never disturbed the favorite resorts of 
innumerable wild-fowl. In 1638, while yet at Saybrook, he 
had a daughter born, named Mary ; and another, his last 
child, was born upon his island on the 14th of September, 
1641. The latter, named Elizabeth, was the first white 
child born within Suffolk county, and doubtless the first 
child of British parentage born in the Colony of New York. 

The friendship of the sachem Wyandanch, and the ad- 
vances he soon made in the affections of the chief men of 
the Montauketts, relieved Gardiner from his greatest appre- 
hensions ; but ancient animosities kept that tribe in contin- 
ual war with the Narragansetts, whose incursions were fre- 
quent, and experience might have taught him the precarious 
nature of Indian attachments, and the greater security of 
self-reliance in all the affairs of life. The duties of watch 
and ward, with which he had been familiar from early life, 
were therefore enjoined by day and by night, a cautious 
eye was kept upon all the movements of the natives, and 
in the course of a long correspondence with the governors 
of New Haven and Hartford, they were informed of every 
passing circumstance to which suspicion attached. 

Wyandanch, on more than one occasion, enabled him to 
communicate matter of the highest moment to the security 
of the Colonies. Miantonomoh, the Narragansett, had wit- 
nessed the fall of the Pequots and the rapid growth of the 
white strangers with natural envy and alarm. He had been 
enabled, by successful war, to subject the Montauketts to 
tribute, and he now sought their alliance in his projects of 
vengeance. He first visited the tribe, and endeavoured, 
with sagacious and persuasive eloquence, to enlist their 
sympathies against the English. He had, indeed, wellnigh 
succeeded ; but the faith of Wyandanch never faltered, and 
he disclosed to Gardiner, who happened to be at hand on 
the occasion, the intrigues of the enemy. Afterwards, Mi- 
antonomoh again visited Montaukett with a friendly bearing, 

180 Lion Gardiner. 

and instead of exacting tribute, as he had formerly done, 
cunningly distributed presents. He had then fully con- 
cocted his plans, and a council of the people being called, 
he set forth, in an artful and impressive manner, that all the 
tribes in the East had combined with him, and were ready 
to fall upon the Colonies at an appointed day ; that he 
should expect them to contribute warriors for the work, and 
that certain signal-fires would denote the moment of on- 
set. The plot was discovered to Gardiner, and, commu- 
nicating it to the governments of Connecticut, he was ena- 
bled to frustrate an attempt that might have terminated in 
consequences disastrous to the Colonies. The next spring 
Miantonomoh died, and was succeeded by Ninicraft, who 
inherited his heart-burnings as well as his dominion. This 
chief endeavoured, two years afterwards, to open again with 
the Montauketts proposals of a combination against the 
English ; but Wyandanch seized the messenger who at- 
tempted the negotiation, and delivered him to Gardiner, who 
placed him in the hands of his men, to be given over to the 
governor of New Haven. The vessel in which he was 
conveyed being long wind-bound, the prisoner found an op- 
portunity of escape, and apprised his sachem of the whole 
affair. Ninicraft made no further efforts to reconcile Wy- 
andanch to his policy ; and having determined on his de- 
struction, waged against him a fierce and relentless war, in 
the course of which the Montauketts were driven to the 
last extreme. The sufferings of a brave and faithful nation 
in the service of the white man have scarcely found an ac- 
knowledgment even in the pages of history. 

In 1648, when the cares and hazards of the pioneer had 
given way to the secure enjoyment of life, the settlement of 
East Hampton was commenced on the neighbouring shores 
of Long Island, and Lion Gardiner became one of the pro- 
prietors of the town. He removed thither in 1653, after a 
residence of fourteen years on his island, which he now left 
in the care of his farmers. The high esteem in which he 
was held by the natives, his discrimination and courtesy, 
and the generosity, decision, and integrity of his character, 
as well as his long experience, recommended him to the 
confidence of the people, and they referred to him their 
differences and appointed him to offices of trust. His in- 

Lion Gardiner. 181 

fiuence was constantly exercised in infusing into the minds 
of the Montauketts, with whom he had been many years 
intimate, and with whose language he was familiar, favora- 
ble opinions of the honest motives and friendly dispositions 
of their new neighbours. So successful was he in this, that, 
during their whole intercourse with that tribe, the whites 
were never compelled to resort to arms ; but, on the con- 
trary, derived from them such assistance in the cultivation of 
the land and in domestic employments, as rendered in a great 
degree unfelt the inconveniences that were experienced in 
all the settlements of that period. The inhabitants had 
emigrated from the same section of England of which he 
himself was a native, and had perhaps made the settlement 
at his instigation. In their declining years men are fond of 
social intercourse ; the change from an isolated life was 
doubtless highly agreeable ; and Gardiner found in Mr. 
James, the pastor of the people, a neighbour of liberal sen- 
timents and education, whose mind was deeply imbued 
with those principles of political justice which have since 
grown into full vigor in this hemisphere. The records bear 
testimony of assertions of the rights of men, coming from 
this divine, that would have done honor to the times of the 

In 1649, the murder of a white woman was perpetrated 
in the adjoining town of Southampton ; and though the act 
was done in revenge by the friends of a Pequot who had 
been executed for homicide, it was attributed to a general 
feeling of hostility among the Indians. The magistrates of 
the town commanded Wyandanch to appear before them ; 
but his tribe, apprehending violence, declared he should not 
go. It happened that Gardiner was on a visit to the sachem 
when the requisition was made, and he advised him to con- 
form to it and exert himself in the detection of the mur- 
derers, offering himself as a hostage to the tribe for his 
safety. The offer was accepted by the people, and the 
sachem set out, with a note from Gardiner, requesting all 
on his route to give him food and drink, but not to detain 
him, "for he had his way before him." The same night, 
after travelling upwards of thirty miles, he discovered three 
Indians, one of whom was a chief of much consequence, 
called the Blue Sachem, who had been principals or acces- 

182 Lion Gardiner, 

sories in the murder; and they were ultimately sent to 
Hartford, tried, convicted, and hung. About the same time, 
a powerful warrior near the Dutch settlements had rendered 
himself obnoxious by the murder of two Englishmen, Ham- 
mond and Farrington, and Gardiner exacted from Wyan- 
danch a promise that he would bring him the head of the 
murderer. He was, however, protected by Poggatacut of 
Manhasset, a brother of Wyandanch, and it was not until 
after the death of that chief, in 1651, that the latter, who 
succeeded him as Great Sachem of Pamanack or Long Isl- 
and, was able to redeem his pledge, and bring the offender 
to punishment. These instances serve to show the deep 
influence which Gardiner exerted over the natives, and how 
far it enabled him to subserve the ends of justice and se- 
cure the safety of the whites. 

The difficulties which had been some time smothered 
now broke out afresh, and the war between the Narragan- 
setts and Montauketts raged with redoubled fury. Nini- 
craft had, by great plausibility of conduct, induced the gov- 
ernment of Massachusetts Bay to shut their ears to repre- 
sentations unfavorable to his integrity. Gardiner endeav- 
oured with much anxiety to awaken the New England 
Colonies to the danger of suffering him to proceed against 
the Montauketts ; and avowed his belief that the destruc- 
tion of that tribe would lead to a hostile combination among 
all the Indians of the North and East. He urged the many 
services of Wyandanch, and his claims upon the consid- 
eration of the English ; and expressed his forebodings of a 
conflict that might lead to the destruction of the best men 
in the country. These solicitations and sentiments were 
seconded by the government of Rhode Island ; but the Com- 
missioners at Boston, though they summoned some of the 
Narragansett chiefs before them, declined or neglected to 
interfere. Had the advice of Gardiner been followed, and 
the Narragansetts reduced to full submission, the great war 
which afterwards took place with that nation under Philip 
could not have occurred. 

In the midst of the revelry of her bridal night, the daugh- 
ter of Wyandanch was seized by the Narragansetts and 
carried off with many others into captivity. The tribe had 
been surprised on this festive occasion, and the bridegroom 

Lion Gardiner. 183 

fell among the warriors that were slain. Gardiner, after 
many efforts, succeeded in redeeming this girl long before 
the termination of the war; and Wyandanch, impressed 
with a deep sense of gratitude for this and many other 
kindnesses he had experienced at the hands of his friend, 
presented him with the region of country on Long Island 
w r hich now bears the name of Smithtown. 

The Commissioners, at the solicitation of Gardiner and 
James, now sent military supplies to the towns of East and 
South Hampton, and to the persecuted Montauketts. They 
also employed an armed vessel to prevent the passage of 
Ninicraft's canoes across the Sound, and despatched a small 
force to the country of the Narragansetts ; but these efforts 
were weak and futile, undertaken without energy, and re- 
linquished almost without action. Some aid was afterwards 
derived from the Colonies of Connecticut; but the Mon- 
tauketts, weakened by war and epidemic disease, eventually 
deserted their territory, and were received under the pro- 
tection of the people of East Hampton. Wyandanch of 
Montaukett and Pamanack died in 1659 ; and at his death, 
appointed Lion Gardiner and his son David guardians of 
Weoncombone, the heir of his sovereignty. During the tu- 
telage of the young sachem, they exercised a constant su- 
pervision of his acts of government, discharging their trust 
with prudence and fidelity. 

The belief in witches and apparitions, which at this time 
pervaded the world, was exhibiting itself in New England in 
horrible tragedies, the barbarity of which has shocked the feel- 
ings of posterity. In 1 657, a charge of witchcraft was brought 
against a female called Goody Garlick, an inhabitant of East 
Hampton, who had been employed in the household of 
Gardiner. He seems to have exerted himself in behalf of 
this unfortunate woman, and to have rejected the evidences 
of guilt which satisfied the popular mind. Despite the over- 
bearing testimony concerning black cats and harlequin devils, 
sudden distempers and the torment of the pricking of pins, 
he ventured on the trial to accuse one of the principal wit- 
nesses of the death of her own child, which she had attrib- 
uted to the malign presence of Goody Garlick ; and after 
much discussion, the General Court referred the case to 
the judicial tribunals of Hartford, as being more deeply 

184 Lion Gardiner. 

learned in the mysteries of demonological jurisprudence. 
It does not appear that Goody Garlick was ever tried by 
those tribunals, and it is probable that an influence was ex- 
erted in her behalf which saved her from an awful fate. 

Lion Gardiner died in the latter part of the year 1663. 
During his residence in East Hampton he had been active 
in composing the affairs, and promoting the quiet, har- 
mony, and prosperity of the community. The remote situ- 
ation of the settlement rendered it necessary that the forms 
of justice and of government should be regulated and ad- 
ministered on the spot; and this was so wisely done, that 
the rights of persons and of property were nowhere better 
respected. From his fellow-townsmen Gardiner received 
such testimonials as at once bear witness to the sincerity of 
their esteem and the excellence of his character. When, 
during the apprehended war with the Dutch, an individual, 
in the fervor of his patriotism, declared that he would even 
strike Mr. Gardiner if he should assist that nation, the of- 
fender met the censure of the General Court. His house 
and table were ever free, and he was courteous and hospi- 
table as well to the stranger as his friends. To give him 
the commendation of a brave man would be superfluous, 
considering the perilous positions in which he voluntarily 
placed himself; to say that he exhibited a sense of justice 
and a spirit of moderation, virtues which cannot be over- 
rated, beyond the times in which he lived, is doing but 
simple justice to his memory. His estate must Gave been 
at one period very large ; and by his last will he devised it 
all to his wife, implying a confidence in her judgment and 
discretion which was not misplaced. At his decease, be- 
sides Gardiner's Island, he left extensive landed possessions 
on Long Island, and yet a great portion of his property had 
been previously absorbed in discharging the debts of his 
son in Europe. Mrs. Gardiner survived her husband only 
two years, and Gardiner's Island was entailed upon her 
son David, who received from Governor Dongan the last 
patent of it, erecting it a lordship and manor, " to be known 
by the name of the Lordship and Manor of Gardiner's Isl- 
and." It was evidently under this, as it had been under all 
the previous patents, anticipated that the island would be- 
come a numerously tenanted estate ; and provision was 

Lion Gardiner. 185 

f therefore made for the holding of a Court Leet and a Court 
'} Baron, and for the advowson or right of patronage to the 
churches that might be erected. The title of Lord was given 
to the proprietors before the American Revolution, and even 
extended, by the courtesy of the people, to the last genera- 
tion. It is remarkable, that, since Lion Gardiner, this island 
has descended from David to John, and from John to David, 
through eight proprietors, in regular succession, male issue 
never having failed, and until the present generation the de- 

scent from father to son having been unbroken, 

vol, x. 24 



The limits of this notice will scarcely allow an adequate 
account of the life and character of the late Hon. Judge 
Davis, to whose memory there comes from our community 
one undivided testimony of honor and love.* 

On the 25th of January, 1761, this excellent man was 
born at Plymouth, Massachusetts, the hallowed spot of New 
England history always dear to his heart. He was the 
third of six sons, some of whom attained distinction, and 
all a high respectability, in different walks of life, and of 
whom the only survivor is Isaac P. Davis, Esq., of Boston. 
His father was Thomas Davis, a respected merchant of 
Plymouth, and his mother, Mercy Hedge, whose descent 
from Bradford and Brewster connected his lineage with 
highly honored names among the original Pilgrim band. 
Of his childhood, I have been able to learn only that it was 
marked by the sweet affection and winning goodness, which 
are so much better than the merely remarkable sayings and 
doings reported of children. It is known that the delicate 
state of his health, at that early age, rendered him pecu- 
liarly domestic, and secluded him in a great degree from 
the rough sports of boys. His gentle and loving mind in- 
dicated a strong taste for books, and for the instruction to 
be gathered from his elders. In subsequent years he was 

* I have great pleasure in acknowledging my obligations to Hon. Nathaniel Mor- 
ton Davis, of Plymouth, who has kindly furnished me with many facts and sugges- 
tions, of which 1 have been glad to avail myself. 

Memoir of Judge Davis. 187 

often heard to speak with grateful recollections of his ma- 
ternal grandmother. She had a small collection of books, 
chieily theological, which he read with avidity. It is said 
that even in these youthful days he had acquired no incon- 
siderable familiarity with the religious controversies of the 
times, and laid the foundation of the enlarged and liberal 
habits of thought on these subjects, which adorned the 
riper years of his long life. 

Happily for him, the growth of his mind was for a while 
guided by the instructions of Alexander Scammell and Pe- 
leg Wadsworth, two of the most accomplished and ellicient 
teachers of that time.* His preparatory studies for college 
were finished under the care of Rev. Ezra Sampson, the 
clergyman of Plympton. He entered college in 1777, and 
was graduated in 1781, passing that trying period of youth- 
ful life without blame, and with manly improvement. It is 
known that as a scholar he stood high, and about equally 
high in all the departments. That he was both the poet 
and the mathematician of his class is a remarkable fact, as 
evincing thus early the versatility of mind and the aptness 
for various culture wdiich marked all his subsequent devel- 
opments. When he took his degree, he delivered a poem 
entitled " Commencement," which received high praise, 
and, as I am told, was published in the Columbian Centi- 
nel ; but I have not been able to find any number of that 
paper of so early a date. Of his scientific reputation 
while in college sufficient evidence is afforded by the fact, 
that in October, 1780, he was one of a company selected 
to attend Professor Williams for the purpose of taking ob- 
servations of a solar eclipse at Long Island in Penobscot 
Bay, " where by calculation it w r as expected it would be 
total" t The country was then involved in the expense 
and calamity of the Revolutionary War ; but the impor- 
tance of the object to the peaceful pursuits of science in- 
duced the government of the Commonwealth to fit out a 

* These gentlemen were both distinguished in the Revolutionary War. Scammell 
fell, generally and deeply lamented, at Yorktown, just as the war was drawing to its 
close. Wadsworth lived till 1829 in Maine. A scholar and poet, whose name 
graces so beautifully the literature of our country, Professor Longfellow, is his 

t The companions of Dr. Williams on this occasion were Professor Sewall, James 
Winthrop, Librarian, Fortescue Vernon, A. B., and Messrs. Atkins, Davis, Hall, 
Dawson, Rensselaer, and King, students in the college. 

188 Memoir of Judge Davis. 

vessel to convey the observers. Application was also made 
to the commander of the British garrison at Penobscot Bay 
for permission to take some suitable station, which, with 
somewhat strait limits as to time, was granted. Dr. Wil- 
liams published an account of this scientific expedition, and 
of the observations, in the Memoirs of the American Acad- 
emy.* Under date of October 27, speaking of those who 
observed the eclipse with him, he mentions " Messrs. Dud- 
ley Atkins and John Davis, two young gentlemen of the 
University, who had made good proficiency in mathematical 
studies." He then gives the results of Mr. Davis's obser- 
vations with the rest. Mr. Davis kept an interesting jour- 
nal of the voyage on this occasion, which still exists among 
the papers he has left. 

Having thus honorably completed his academical course, 
he took charge of a private school in his native town. He 
was afterwards employed as an instructor in the family of 
General Joseph Otis of Barnstable, brother of the cele- 
brated James Otis. Among the various pursuits presenting 
themselves at the opening of active life, Mr. Davis had fixed 
his choice on the lawyer's calling, and began his legal 
studies in the office of Oakes Angier, Esq., of Bridgewater, 
whose reputation in his profession was among the highest. 
His preparation for the bar was completed in Boston with 
Benjamin Lincoln, Esq., a son of General Lincoln, and a 
lawyer of great promise, who died while Mr. Davis was his 

With a mind disciplined by earnest study and by habits 
of strong, patient, discriminating thought, and with princi- 
ples of conscientious fidelity to duty, Mr. Davis was pre- 
pared to enter upon a profession which in the hands of a 
wise and good man may become so efficient an instrument 
of honorable usefulness. He now returned to Plymouth, 
and began the practice of law there in 1786. The wel- 

* Vol. I. pp. 86-102. — It may be interesting to add some of the phenomena of 
the eclipse, as stated by Dr. Williams. "The degree of darkness was greater than 
was to be expected, considering the sun was not wholly obscured. Venus appeared 
bright in the west; Jupiter was seen near the sun ; Lucida Lyrce near the zenith, and 
Jlridef in the northeast near the horizon, appeared very bright. Several others of 
the fixed stars were also seen, whose situations were not particularly noted. Objects 
at a small distance appeared confused ; and we were obliged to make use of candles 
to count our clock. But as soon as the greatest obscuration was past, it was univer- 
sally remarked, that the increase of the light was much more rapid than that of the 
darkness had been." — p, 97. 

Memoir of Judge Davis, 189 

come of confidence, with which his townsmen were ready 
to receive him, was matured into permanent respect and 

deep attachment by the devoted integrity with which he 
discharged his duties as a lawyer and a citizen. In .June, 
178G, he was married to Miss Ellen Watson.* The people 
of Plymouth availed themselves of an early opportunity to 
testify how much they honored his ability and character. 
He was chosen their delegate to the State Convention on 
the question of adopting the Federal Constitution. This 
was his first public office ; and it is worthy of note, that, as 
he was then the youngest member of that Convention, so 
he lived to be its last survivor. His townsmen continued 
their expression of confidence in his qualifications for public 
trusts, by sending him, for several years, as their repre- 
sentative to the legislature of the State. In 1795, he was 
elected a Senator for Plymouth county. During the same 
year he received from President Washington the appoint- 
ment of Comptroller of the Treasury of the United States, 
while Oliver Wolcott was Secretary of the Treasury. The 
confidence of the best men in his fitness for this place may 
be estimated from the testimony of Hon. George Cabot, 
who, in a letter to Mr. Wolcott, dated Brookline, August 
25th, 1795, says: — "I expect that Mr. Davis will set off 
by to-morrow's stage, and be the bearer of this letter. In 
addition to what you already know of this gentleman, it 
must be grateful to you to be informed, that those persons 
who are most intimately acquainted with his merits unite 
in opinion that he will prove a most valuable acquisition to 
the government, inasmuch as he possesses every essential 
qualification for the office to which he is appointed, in an 
eminent degree." t The duties of this station he immedi- 
ately undertook, and fulfilled with no common ability ; but 
after one year's continuance in the office, he resigned it, on 
account of the inadequacy of the salary. It is an honorable 
testimony to his merit, that President Washington was de- 
sirous of securing his services in another department, and 
soon appointed him United States Attorney for the District 

* Their happy union continued more than forty-six years. Mrs. Davis died sud- 
denly in Sandwich, September 7, L832, at the house of her son-in-law, Rev. Ezra S. 

t Gibbs's Memoirs of the Administrations of Washington and John Jldams, Vol. I. 
p. 227. 

190 Memoir of Judge Davis. 

of Massachusetts, in the place of Hon. Christopher Gore, 
who had resigned that trust. On receiving this office, he 
removed to Boston, where he spent the remainder of his 

Early in the year 1801, Mr. Davis received from Presi- 
dent Adams the appointment of Judge of the District Court 
of the United States for the District of Massachusetts. 
The functions of this important office he discharged, for 
more than forty years, with the highest honor to himself, 
and with the entire approbation of all who could estimate 
its difficult duties. When he accepted the station, the ju- 
dicial learning necessary to a thorough acquaintance with 
the principles of the Admiralty law was by no means so ac- 
cessible as it has since become. It was to be sought and 
applied by a painstaking search of recondite sources, 
whence it had not as yet been drawn forth and made 
common. The court, in which he was now to sit as judge, 
always demands abilities and acquirements of no common 
kind. It not only requires extensive legal erudition, but 
frequently calls for a ready knowledge of civil and maritime 
history, of all that relates to modes of navigation and forms 
of shipping, the geography of different countries, and the 
departments of natural history connected with articles of 
commerce. In the application of these materials, an accu- 
rate facility of discrimination between the pertinent and the 
inappropriate is indispensable. The passionless, compre- 
hensive, searching mind of Judge Davis was admirably fitted 
to meet the claims of such an office. He entered upon it 
with copious stores of professional erudition and of various 
learning ; and these, by unremitted diligence, he was always 
increasing. His matured, unruffled judgment moved forth- 
right to its results in the pure light of principles. In the 
distressing commercial embarrassments of the country, his 
wisdom and firmness maintained the supremacy of law, un- 
awed by the prevailing feelings of an exasperated commu- 
nity. The clearness and ease with which Judge Davis 
entered into the merits and relations of any case before him, 
unravelling its intricacies and making its bearings perspicu- 
ous, were remarked by all who had business in his court. 
Those who are qualified to speak on such a subject unite 
in saying that he possessed all the attributes of a good 

Memoir of Judge Duns. 191 

judge. One testimony comes from too high a source to be 

omitted. Mr. Justice Story, with whom Judge Davis was 
for nun iv years connected in judicial duties, dedicated to 
him one (A' his important works.* In that dedication he 
says : — " The patience, the candor, the urbanity, the sound 
discretion, and the eminent ability, with which you per- 
formed all your judicial functions during this period, are 
known to no one better than to myself; lor I have been the 
constant witness of them, and have sometimes partaken of 
them, and have always been instructed by them. In the 
earlier part of your judicial career, you led the way in ex- 
ploring the then almost untrodden paths of Admiralty and 
Maritime Jurisprudence, and laid the profession under last- 
ing obligations by unfolding its various learning and its com- 
prehensive principles. Your judgments have stood the test 
of time, and are destined to be laid up among the Rcsponsa 
Prudentium for professional instruction in future ages." 
The writer then proceeds to speak of the personal friend- 
ship and kindness of Judge Davis, and very beautifully says 
of these, — " They have lightened many heavy labors ; they 
have cheered many saddened hours ; and, above all, they 
have taught me to feel the value of the truth, that the in- 
dulgent approbation of the Wise and Good is among the 
most enviable of human blessings." 

The duties of the judiciary office occupied the remainder 
of Judge Davis's life, till within a very few years of its close. 
With these he united diversified studies, which kept his 
mind ever fresh, elastic, and genial. Surrounded by the 
hearty respect, the unvarying confidence, of an enlightened 
community, his course was graced with a gentle dignity, a 
beautiful repose of character, amidst incessant activity. As 
his busy years rolled on, full of honorable usefulness, he 
took ever a higher place among those to whom we look for 
all good influences. Even the wantonness of calumny, 
which seldom fails to find its time to assail the best of public 
men, had nothing to say against this man. A living relig- 
ious faith, expressing itself in a Christian life, hallowed his 
relation to his fellow-men and to the great interests of soci- 
ety. Of no one, who has lived among us so long in the 

* Commentaries on the Laic of Agency^ as a Brandt of Commercial and Maritime 
Jurisprudence. Second Edition. 1844. 

192 Memoir of Judge Davis. 

responsibleness of a public station, could it be more truly 
said than of Judge Davis, that he passed his days without 
a stain and without censure. His life must be pronounced 
singularly felicitous, full as it was of interest, if not of inci- 
dent, and made bland and sweet by its cheerful serenity, its 
almost childlike simplicity. He looked on the bright side 
of things ; for by temperament and principle he was predis- 
posed to be happy. Passages of deep and touching afflic- 
tion, amidst his beloved family ties, were repeatedly min- 
gled in his experience. But these he met with such gentle 
submission, such tranquil strength of faith, that one could 
scarcely perceive sorrow had been dealing with him ; riot 
because there was any apathy of the affections, for none 
were more tender and susceptible than his ; but because 
the quiet piety of his spirit allowed no encroachment of un- 
subdued or ill-regulated feelings, and because his inward 
being moved in habitual harmony with the will of God. 

Thus, blessing and blessed, he passed on to old age. 
And how beautiful that old age was, none, who had the priv- 
ilege of knowing it, can ever forget. It was the old age of 
the Christian scholar and the beloved man. His evening of 
life could not but be bright and serene, full of hope, and free 
from sadness. He had a kindly freshness of spirit, which 
made the society of the young pleasant to him ; and they, 
on their part, were always happy to be with him, enjoying 
the good-natured wisdom and the modest richness of his 
conversation. His faculties remained clear, active, and 
healthy to the last. Advancing years never for a moment 
closed the capacity, or abated the willingness, to receive 
new ideas. Though a lover of the past and the established, 
his opinions never hardened into prejudices. His intellect- 
ual vigor was not seen to moulder under the quiet which 
an old man claims as his right. Of him might be said 
what Solon said of himself in advanced years, that " he 
learned something every day he lived"; and to no one 
could be better applied the remark of Cicero concerning 
the venerable Appius, — " Intentum enim animum quasi ar- 
cum habebat, nee languescens succumbebat senectuti." * 
But it was peculiarly his fine moral qualities, — his benevo- 

* De Scnf.clulc, c. xi. 

Memoir of Judge Davis. 193 

lence, his artlessness, 4ris genial kindness, — which shed a 
mellow and beautiful light on his old age. No thought of 
self ever mingled its alloy with the virtues dial adorned 
Judge Davis's character. His reliance on the truths and 
promises of Christian faith seemed more confident and vital 
as he drew nearer to the great realities of the future. For 
him, life had always a holy meaning. A Grecian philoso- 
pher, at the age of eighty-five, is said to have expressed 
painful discontent at the shortness of life, ami complained 
of nature's hard allotment, which snatches man away just 
as he is about to reach some perfection of science. Not so 
our Christian sage; he found occasion, not for complaint, 
hut rather for thankfulness, because, as the end approached, 
he saw more distinctly revealed the better light beyond. 
He once expressed, in a manner touchingly beautiful, his 
own estimation of old a°;e. On the occasion of a dinner- 
party, at which Judge Story and others eminent in the legal 
profession were present, the conversation turned upon the 
comparative advantages of the different periods of life. 
Some preferred, for enjoyment, youth and manhood ; others 
ascribed more solid satisfactions to old age. When the 
opinion of Judge Davis was asked, he said, with his usual 
calm simplicity of manner, — " In the warm season of the 
year it is my delight to be in the country ; and every pleas- 
ant evening, while I am there, I love to sit at the window 
and look upon some beautiful trees which grow near my 
house. The murmuring of the wind through the branches, 
the gentle play of the leaves, and the flickering of light 
upon them when the moon is up, fill me with an indescrib- 
able pleasure. As the autumn comes on, I feel very sad 
to see these leaves falling one by one ; but when they are 
all gone, I find that they were only a screen before my eyes ; 
for 1 experience a new and higher satisfaction as I gaze 
through the naked branches at the glorious stars beyond." 

The health of Judge Davis remained generally good. 
Few men have had so much of that enjoyment of life, 
which cheerfulness, temperance, and natural habits of living 
bestow. He had but little physical suffering ; and infirmity 
spared him, except in such gentle measure as to give ven- 
erableness without feebleness to his appearance : — 

vol. x. 25 

194 Memoir of Judge Davis. 

11 An age that melts with unperceived decay, 
And glides in modest innocence away ; 
Whose peaceful day Benevolence endears, 
Whose night congratulating Conscience cheers ; 
The genera] favorite, as the general friend ; 
Such age there is, and who shall wish its end 1 " 

In July, 1841, Judge Davis, though his intellectual vigor 
was still unabated, resigned the judicial office which he 
had so long and so honorably held. It may well be sup- 
posed that those who had witnessed with grateful respect 
the urbane wisdom and the signal ability which had marked 
the administration of his court would not permit this occa- 
sion to pass without an appropriate notice. At a meeting 
of the Suffolk Bar, a resolution was unanimously passed, 
stating the high sense entertained by the members of the 
Bar of the judicial labors of Judge Davis, " which for so 
many years have exhibited varied and accurate learning, 
sound and discriminating judgment, unwearied patience, 
gentleness of manners, and perfect purity," and expressing 
their " heartfelt wishes that he may find in retirement that 
dignified repose which forms the appropriate close of a long 
and useful life." Franklin Dexter, Esq., the District Attor- 
ney of the United States, was requested to make known 
the resolution to the venerable judge. This commission 
Mr. Dexter discharged with felicitous grace, accompanying 
the expression from the Bar with remarks of his own most 
happily apposite. " It can rarely happen," said he, " that 
a judge, who is called upon to decide so many delicate and 
important questions of property and of personal right, should 
so entirely have escaped all imputation of prejudice or pas- 
sion, and should have found so general an acquiescence in 
his results." " Our filial respect and affection for yourself" 
— thus closed the well-merited words of honor — "have 
constantly increased with your increasing years ; and while 
we acknowledge your right now to seek the repose of pri- 
vate life, we feel that your retirement is, not less than it 
ever would have been, a loss to the profession and to the 
public. May you live long and happily, — as long as life 
shall continue to be a blessing to you ; and so long will that 
life be a blessing to your friends and to society." * 

* In the course of his remarks, Mr. Dexter introduced so happily the severe crisis 
which tested the firmness of the Judge, in consequence of the pressure of the embargo 
on the business of the country, that 1 cannot refrain from quoting the well-deserved 

Memoir of Judge Davis, 195 

Judge Davis, deeply affected by this address* replied in 
a manner worthy of himself. He gave a very interesting 
sketch of the Suffolk Bar during his acquaintance with it, 
vindicated the honorable claims of the legal profession, de- 
scribed the position of the Circuit Court, paid a grateful 
tribute to the names of Judge Cushing and Mr. Justice 
Story, suggested by his personal intercourse with those em- 
inent men, spoke with modest pleasure of his own relation 
to the weighty duties oi' the Bench, and closed with saying, 
— kw I bid you an affectionate adieu, thankful for all your 
kindness, and for the gratifying and improving opportunities 
which it has been my favored lot to enjoy in the connection 
now to be dissolved. It is painful to employ the solemn 
word dissolved. Our official connection will cease ; but re- 
ciprocal esteem and good-will will, 1 trust, remain in contin- 
ued exercise. I shall rejoice in all I may see or hear of 
your prosperity and honor; and may the Father of mercies, 
the Giver of every good gift, sustain, animate, and guide you 
in your assiduous progress in the path of arduous duty." 
This was an occasion of such hearty interest as seldom 
occurs in the history of public life. " The scene which the 
court-room presented," says Dr. Gannett, " will not be for- 
gotten by those who were in attendance. The whole Bar 
crowding with the affectionate curiosity of children around 
the place on which the aged judge sat, and listening in pro- 
found silence to the low tones of his voice, was in itself a 
proof of what Mr. Dexter had just declared, that their filial 
respect and affection had constantly increased with his in- 
creasing years." * 

praise. Having spoken of the period when the Judge assumed his duties, he 
said, — u A tew yean after that time, the system of commercial restriction adopted 
by the general government threw this portion of the country into a state of unparal- 
leled distress ami exasperation. An abundant and overflowing commerce was sud- 
denly checked in all its issues and enterprises, and the revulsion threatened to 
break down the barriers of law by which it was restrained. It was in the District 
Court, and under your administration, that this struggle took place; and although 
juries refused to execute the obnoxious restrictions in cases required by the Constitu- 
tion to be submitted to them, yet the supremacy of the law suffered no detriment in the 
bauds of the court. F'ew of us can remember this civium ardor jubtntium ; but all 
can imagine how painful a duty it. was lobe thus placed in opposition to the feelings 
and interests of this community." Mr. Oexter then recalled to the minds of the Bar 
the beautiful language in which the Judge at that time expressed his regrets, when 
he " felt obliged to declare, that, disastrous as its consequences were to the country, 
the embargo was still the law of the land, and as such to be obeyed." The words 
which were quoted portray with striking eloquence the importance and the blessings 
of that commercial activity, the check upon which then tilled the community with 
gloom and indignation. 

" Sermon occasioned by the Death of Hun. John Davis, LL. Z?., p. 20. 

196 Memoir of Judge Davis . 

Having thus closed his official cares, Judge Davis with- 
drew to spend what might remain of life in the bosom 
of his beloved family, where his happiness was cared for 
by daughters whose delight it was to watch over hirn with 
devoted solicitude. With a mind still strong, with affections 
fresh as ever, and with an interest in all good things yet. 
undiminished, he continued to receive and to impart much 
tranquil enjoyment. His sight soon became so dimmed, 
that he could no longer fill his leisure with the pleasure of 
reading, — to him always one of the greatest pleasures. This 
trial he met with the undisturbed cheerfulness so character- 
istic of his whole life. One would scarcely have known 
the privation from any word of his ; and it seemed that for 
him the better light so much the rather shone inward. 
While his vision was thus clouded, the air around him 
would sometimes appear to be filled with agreeable pictures 
and images, which he took pleasure in describing as a com- 
pensation for his blindness. The end was at hand ; and it 
was as tranquil and gentle as those who loved him best 
could desire. No agonizing pains, no distressing imbecility, 
visited his last days. For a few hours only, disease with 
mild touch laid its hand on his aged frame ; and then, in 
the midst of his children and grandchildren, 

" Like a shadow thrown 
Softly and lightly from a passing cloud, 
Death fell upon him." 

He died on Thursday, January 14th, 1847. Had he lived 
to the 25th of that month, he would have been eighty-six 
years old. On the next Monday the funeral services were 
attended, in the Federal Street Church, by a large concourse 
of those who had loved and honored him in life. These 
services were conducted with a very touching and impres- 
sive effect by his pastor, the Rev. Dr. Gannett, whom he 
had always justly regarded with the highest respect and 
most affectionate confidence. 

The story of Judge Davis's life is itself the picture of his 
character; for such was his directness, his singleness of 
mind, that the impress of his soul uniformly shone through 
his conduct. He was "an Israelite indeed, in whom is 
no guile.'* When those who knew him recall what he 
was and what he did, they have precious remembrances of 

Memoir of Judge Davis. 197 

noble principles and of spotless integrity, of an amenity of 
temper which was a perpetual benediction, of a manly gen- 
tleness which imparled grace to strength of character, of an 
unaffected modesty that never impaired energy of thought 

or action, of a kindness that blessed each circle in which it 
moved and each individual whom it touched, of a piety 
which lifted up his other excellences above the rank of 
merelv reputable qualities and made them sacred. Sim- 
plicity and truthfulness were essential elements of his whole 
being. No provocation could tempt him to be unjust to 
any person or subject. He was a man of decision and 
individuality, without heat or rigor. The evenness of his 
mind and the serenity of his spirit had a sedative effect on 
the ruffled feelings of others, and silently corrected their 
one-sided exaggerations. His mild impartiality exerted a 
regulating power over those with whom he conversed. Im- 
petuous prejudices were held in check, harsh judgments 
were rebuked, by the very atmosphere of his presence. A 
tone of quiet humor, and the intermixture of racy anecdote, 
sometimes gave to the wisdom which he uttered the advan- 
tage of a playful appearance. A kindly warmth, without 
unhealthy excitement, imparted to his conversation a bland, 
mellowed character. To enjoy it was to withdraw from 
disturbing influences to a retired spot, where all was whole- 
some and truthful. There was nothing opaque in any of 
his processes of thought ; and his mind was clear, not be- 
cause it was shallow, but because strong good-sense never 
allowed it to be turbid. Bold reformers might think him 
timid or cold ; but it is more true to say, that his tempera- 
ment and judgment inclined him to cautious circumspection 
rather than adventurous movement. With regard to impor- 
tant innovations and rapid changes, he might be disposed to 
adopt the spirit of Lord Bacon's maxim : — " Use Argus's 
hundred eyes, before you raise one of Briareus's hundred 
hands." Yet he looked upon all new proposals and new- 
modes of thinking with great fairness and freedom from 
prejudice. No harsh word, no scornful epithet, wirh regard 
to the theories and plans of others, ever passed his lips ; 
and nothing could better exemplify the character of his 
spirit than his own quotation from Malebranehe, — "Truth 
loves gentleness and peace." 

198 Memoir of Judge Davis. 

A late biographer of Lord Eldon has mentioned, as a 
misfortune to his judicial reputation, "his utter relinquish- 
ment of literature from the time when he began to study 
law." * No regret or complaint of this kind could have 
place with regard to Judge Davis. Through the whole of 
life, his fresh interest in literary and scientific studies was 
very remarkable. Professional labors never quenched or 
dulled his strong native love of these pursuits ; and the 
rich and varied stores of his mind were opened with 
such modest simplicity, that his knowledge seemed to be 
a part of his virtue. Classical learning, which had been 
an early love, continued one of the delights of his manhood 
and old age. With some of the best treasures of Greek 
literature he was well acquainted ; and with those of Latin 
he cultivated such a constant familiarity as has been attained 
by few of our professional men. He read the French much 
and with the greatest ease, was conversant with the Span- 
ish, and was not without a knowledge of other modern 
tongues. The general philosophy of language he regarded 
as a subject of curious interest, and bestowed upon it much 
attention. He had frequent correspondence with Mr. Du 
Ponceau, the distinguished philologer of Philadelphia, par- 
ticularly with reference to the Indian languages of North 
America. At an early period in the course of this corre- 
spondence, he suggested, with much learning and ingenuity, 
some doubts as to Mr. Du Ponceau's opinion, that the In- 
dian tongues are generally destitute of the substantive verb 
to be.f Another eminent scholar, Hon. John Pickering, 
found in Judge Davis a mind congenial with his own ; and 
they had a pleasing intercourse and sympathy in philological 

Judge Davis was a botanist at a time when botany was 
hardly known or thought of among us ; and he loved flow- 
ers with the fondness of personal friendship. Mineralogy 
and conchology attracted much of his attention, and his 
knowledge of them was more than superficial. As his tastes 
were all simple, pure, and natural, one of his dearest pleas- 
ures was to ramble in the fields, over the hills, and on the 

* Lord Campbell's Lives of the Lord Chancellors, Vol. VII. p. G20. 
t Muss. Hist Coll., Second Series, Vol. IX., p. xxv. of Du Ponceau's Motes on Eli- 
ot's Indian Grammar , where an extract from Judge Davis's letter is given. 

Memoir of Judge Davis. 19 ( J 

sea-shore, especially in various parts of Plymouth county, 
to collect interesting plants, shells, ami minerals. He gave 
an impulse to these delightful studies among bis young 

friends, who were always happy in bringing him ran; and 
curious specimens to be classed and named. With tin; 
theories and principles of chemistry he was well acquainted, 
and took note of the progressive discoveries in that science. 
Among scientific pursuits, it may be said, perhaps, that his 
strongest partiality was for the several branches of natural 
history. Astronomy continued always to interest him deep- 
ly, as we have seen it had done during his college life. 
Though the pressure of other duties did not allow him to 
be a practical observer of the heavens, yet he made him- 
self acquainted with the observations of astronomers, and 
understood their principles. Few scholars loved better or 
were more conversant with English literature in general. 
Amidst severer pursuits, he cherished a taste for the best 
poetry, and has left a few pleasing specimens of his own 
poetic talent. His Ode* and Hymnt for the 22d of De- 
cember are among the best which that inspiring occasion 
has called forth ; and even as late as the summer before his 
death, he inclosed in a letter to his illustrious friend, Hon. 
John Quincy Adams, some very interesting stanzas on his 
own failure of sight, which were among the last words he 
ever penned. Judge Davis bestowed much well-directed 
attention, not only upon religious questions in general, but 
upon some of the more recondite topics which occupy the- 
ological scholars. The extent of his inquiries in this way 
surprised those who had opportunities of observing them. 
With his son-in-law, Rev. Mr. Goodwin of Sandwich, who 
was an excellent scholar in theology, as well as a beloved, 
honored, and lamented clergyman, Judge Davis had i^e- 

I quent correspondence on questions of Biblical criticism and 
other kindred subjects. Mr. Goodwin often expressed his 
astonishment at the large amount of his information, and 
the accuracy of his investigations, on these points ; nor was 

i he alone among the clergy in bearing this testimony. The 
religious opinions which Judge Davis uniformly cherished 
were those designated as Liberal, or Unitarian ; and these he 

* For the Anniversary Festival, 1792. t 1799. 

200 Memoir of Judge Davis. 

had not accepted without patient and conscientious inquiry. 
He testified his regard for the Divinity School at Cambridge 
by a valuable bequest of books to its library. How highly 
he was esteemed and loved as a member and one of the 
officers of the Federal Street Church in Boston, the pastor 
of that church has well told in his just and beautiful tribute 
to the memory of the venerable man. It was rare indeed 
that his seat in that house of worship was vacant on the 
Sabbath, and no one could take a more devout and heart- 
felt interest in its services. 

In his large and well-selected library, which contained 
many rare and curious books, he took great pleasure, and of 
its treasures he made diligent use. When I consider the 
multifarious character of his intellectual attainments, I am 
surprised at the graceful ease with which he mastered so 
many subjects, in connection with devoted attention to the 
duties of his official station ; and I readily assent to the tes- 
timony of one * who knew him intimately, that " in the 
number and variety of his pursuits he was perhaps une- 

There is yet another department particularly to be men- 
tioned, in which Judge Davis was probably more distin- 
guished than in any other except his professional studies, 
— that of History, especially the history and antiquities of 
New England. His taste for these inquiries sprung from an 
early and always continued love. No man was more fre- 
quently or more satisfactorily consulted for information of 
this kind. His antiquarian lore was known to be large and 
thorough, the result of minute and sedulous investigation. 
With the doings and characters of the Pilgrim band, and of 
their successors in the olden times, his familiarity was such 
as to possess the charm of an affectionate domestic interest. 
Himself a worthy descendant of that honored company, he 
dwelt, with warm love of the subject, upon the annals of 
the Plymouth settlement, — "gentis cunabula nostrae," — a 
place to which his feelings always reverted with the reverent 
regards of a son. He delivered the Oration at the Anni- 
versary of the Plymouth Landing in 1800, which, it is to be 
regretted, he did not consent to publish. The Massachu- 

* Hon. Nathaniel Morton Davis. 

Memoir of Judge Paris. 201 

setts Historical Society owes much of its large amount of 
usefulness to the labors performed and the spirit diffused 
by Judge Davis. He was elected a member of that Socie- 
ty in the year of its organization, 1791 ; and from his long- 
continued connection with it resulted highly valued service 
to its important interests. In April, ISIS, he was chosen 
President of the Society, to which office he was constantly 
reappointed till April, 1835, when he declined a reelection, 
and tendered his resignation amidst the grateful regards of 
all the members of the association. No one of them would 
fail to bear testimony to the urbanity of his official deport- 
ment, and to his distinguished usefulness in that body. 

Judge Davis was for many years a member of the Amer- 
ican Academy of Arts and Sciences, sustained at different 
times the offices of Recording Secretary and of Counsellor 
in that Academy, and contributed to its Memoirs. The 
American Philosophical Society of Philadelphia, and several 
other associations for literary and scientific purposes, also 
graced their list of members with his name. 

The honor and welfare of Harvard University, the place 
of his own education, were always dear to him. In the 
spirit of an enlightened love of learning, he regarded the 
interests of that institution as closely interwoven with the 
best interests of the whole community. He was called to 
take an important part in the management of its concerns, 
by being chosen one of the Fellows of the University in 
1803. This position he occupied till 1810, when he was 
elected Treasurer of the University, and consequently still 
retained his place as a member of the Corporation. The 
office of Treasurer he resigned in 18*27, and received from 
the Corporation a vote expressing " their high respect and 
regard for his character, their sense of the value of his ser- 
vices as a Fellow of the Corporation for successive years, 
and of his care and fidelity in the exercise of his office, and 
their regret at the loss of an agreeable associate, so qualified 
and disposed to assist their counsels and exertions for the 
good of the University and the interests of education." His 
connection with the care of the institution, however, did not 
yet cease. In 1827 he was elected a member of the 
Board of Overseers, and retained his seat in that Board till 
he resigned it in 1837. In 1842 he received from Harvard 

vol. x. 26 

202 Memoir of Judge Davis. 

the honorary degree of LL. D. Dartmouth College had 
honored him with the same degree in 1802. 

Those who were best acquainted with the diversified at- 
tainments and the fine mind of Judge Davis naturally re- 
gretted that he wrote so little for the public. But it is not 
alone by making books that wise and learned men exert an 
extensive agency. The fruits of their minds are diffused in 
other forms, if more silently, perhaps quite as permanently. 
Their intellectual activity is sometimes to be measured more 
by a general influence constantly put forth through multi- 
plied relations, than by numerous volumes. The published 
writings of Judge Davis are few. He was too modest to 
be ambitious of authorship, and more desirous of studying 
the wisdom of others than of calling the attention of the com- 
munity to his own. What he did give to the public in this 
way is all marked with the qualities which might be expected 
from the known character of his mind and heart. It is 
worthy of the scholar and the sage. His style, evincing 
a classical and well-matured taste, is lucid, chaste, and 
terse, not deficient in vigor, and full of expressiveness. His 
ripe, well-considered thoughts often possess a striking beau- 
ty. His mode of treating a subject always displays pa- 
tience of investigation, accuracy of statement, select learn- 
ing, undisturbed candor, and frequently a pleasing originality 
and freshness. We have few better writers. The follow- 
ing is a list of his publications, so far as I have been able to 
ascertain them. 

Address before the Members of the Massachusetts Char- 
itable Fire Society, May 31, 1799. 

Eulogy on George Washington before the American 
Academy of Arts and Sciences, February 19, 1800. 

An Attempt to explain the Inscription on Dighton Rock. 
Published in the Memoirs of the American Academy (1809), 
Vol. III. p. 197. In this ingenious and interesting essay, 
Judge Davis supposes the figures on the rock to have been 
designed to represent and commemorate exploits of Indian 
hunting, — an opinion also entertained by General Wash- 
ington, who in early life had opportunities of observing sim- 
ilar inscriptions in the Indian country. 

A new edition (1811) of Professor Winthrop's Two Lec- 
tures on Comets, and A. Oliver's Essay on Comets. This 

Memoir of Judge Davis, 203 

republication Judge Davis enriched with Sketches of the 
Lives of Winthrop and Oliver, and with "a Supplement 
relative to the present Comet of 181 1." The latter happily 
illustrates his familiar acquaintance with astronomical sci- 

A Discourse before the Massachusetts Historical Society, 
December 22, 1813, at their Anniversary Commemoration 
of the First Landing of our Ancestors at Plymouth. Pub- 
lished in the Mass. Hist. Coll., Second Series, Vol. I. 

A new edition (the 5th) of Morton's New England's Me- 
morial, 1826, with "large Additions in Marginal Notes, and 
an Appendix." Judge Davis bestowed much time and 
labor on this edition of Morton. His additions in the Ap- 
pendix, besides his very copious and valuable marginal 
notes, till 132 pages, and are replete with important and 
curious information. The Memorial, first published in 1669, 
by the annotations of so learned and able an antiquarian, has 
become an historical treasure of great authority. 

Besides the above, the Collections of the Massachusetts 
Historical Society, and some periodical publications, contain 
articles by Judge Davis, which cannot now be traced. 

In the beautiful life and worthy services of which I have 
attempted a sketch, a rich legacy is bequeathed to our com- 
munity. We rarely find a man in whom the qualities we 
spontaneously respect were adjusted to each other in such 
fine harmony. His virtues had all the ease and natural- 
ness of kindly instincts. Goodness had become the quiet, 
unconscious habitude of his being. What an ancient his- 
torian has said of Marcus Cato was well exemplified in him, 
— " Qui nunquam recte fecit, ut facere videretur, sed quia 
aliter facere non poterat." * He had the privilege of a 
genial, well-attempered spirit, to be always young. His 
long life has left us nothing to regret, and every thing to 
love. His memory is the cherished treasure of the good. 
We think of him as one who, blessed to the last with the 
gratitude and reverence of his fellow-men, passed by a 
gentle transition to that higher enjoyment which is without 
imperfection and without end. 

" Vclleius Paterculus, II. 35. 



The great object of these Collections Is to assemble 
such facts as, from their antiquity, their obscurity, or their 
peculiar local significance, have not been generally known, 
and which yet, under proper management, may serve the 
purposes of general history. The similar action of the 
sister societies in other States has led to the permanent 
record of a multitude of facts of much local interest, which 
would otherwise have faded from memory; and the histo- 
rian is thus enabled, by assembling these scattered lights, 
to illuminate even the most obscure portion of the national 

It is fortunate that in these Collections a place has 
been reserved for the portraits of those members of the 
Society who, by their exemplary lives and well-directed 
labors, have contributed to the advancement of science and 
the best interests of humanity. What, indeed, is more 
worthy of commemoration than the lives of such men, or 
what part of a nation's history can form so rich an inherit- 
ance for its children ? The details of ordinary events pre- 
sent themselves like barren abstractions to the mind, leaving 
a comparatively feeble and transitory impression ; but the 
biography of the individual, in whatever sphere he has 
moved, touches us as akin to ourselves^ We are moved 
by the same passions, beset by the same temptations, warm- 
ed by the same generous impulses ; and when we see him 
nobly devoting his powers to the cause of science and 

Memoir of John Pickering, 205 

humanity, and courageously overcoming the obstacles and 
allurements in his path, we feel a kindred ambition kindled 
in our own bosoms, and confess the efficacy of ihe exam- 
ple. Such an example, whether of the statesman or the 
man of science, is, in truth, of scarcely less worth than the 
best he may have said or written. 

No brighter example need be sought than thai afforded 
by the subject of this memoir, who, in the midst of en- 
grossing professional duties, found time for various acqui- 
sitions, and for the composition of laborious works, that 
might have tasked the energies of the most industrious 

Before entering on any biographical details, it is proper 
to remark, that I am exclusively indebted for them to the 
excellent discourse of the Hon. Judge White, pronounced 
before the Academy of Arts and Sciences, and to a paper 
in the Law Reporter for June, 18 16, from the pen of Charles 
Sumner, Esq. ; the latter containing, amidst much biograph- 
ical incident, the outlines of a character which, in an ad- 
dress before the Phi Beta Kappa Society, has since been 
filled up with the strong colors of eloquence by the same 
skilful hand. 

John Pickering, the oldest of ten children, was born at 
Salem, February 7, 1777. He was of an ancient and re- 
spectable family, one of whom, of the same name with him- 
self, we find as early as 1642 in possession of the very prop- 
erty in Salem still occupied by his descendants. His father 
was that eminent statesman, Colonel Timothy Pickering, who 
filled the offices of Postmaster-General under Washington, 
and of Secretary of State under Adams, and who in every 
station stood forth as one of the most distinguished orna- 
ments of the Federal party. His life, for which ample ma- 
terials would probably be afforded by his correspondence, 
still remains to be written. It was the purpose of his son 
to perform this labor of filial love. But different avocations 
interfered to prevent him, and the task is now left to other 
and stranger hands. 

The first years of childhood were passed by the subject 
of our memoir in Salem, under the care of his mother; a 
woman of mild and amiable disposition, which no doubt 
contributed to form a similar temper in her son, whose out- 

206 Memoir of John Pickering. 

ward deportment, at least, bore greater resemblance to that 
of his mother than to the more austere demeanour of his 
father. At the age of six, young Pickering removed with 
his family to Philadelphia, where he was placed in a school, 
at which he learned the rudiments of French, as well as 
English. Even at this early age, it is said he discovered 
somewhat of the fondness and aptitude for acquiring lan- 
guages which became his characteristics in after life. 

He did not continue many years at Philadelphia, but at 
the age of nine returned to Salem, where he resided with 
his uncle John Pickering, an elder brother of his father, 
who had filled the office of Speaker of the House of Repre- 
sentatives of Massachusetts, and enjoyed deserved consid- 
eration with his townsmen. Under his paternal care, the 
nephew was educated for college, and in 1792 entered the 
Freshman class of Harvard University. It is a proof of the 
promise which he gave at this early period of his life, that 
he was the youth to whom Dr. Clarke addressed the work 
which, a few years later, was published under the title of 
"Letters to a Student in the University of Cambridge," — 
in which he forms the most favorable augury of the aca- 
demic career of the young scholar. The prognostic was 
justified by the event. 

The four years of college life form, perhaps, the most 
critical epoch in the existence of the individual. This is 
especially the case in our country, where they occur at the 
transition period in which the boy ripens into the man. The 
university, that little world of itself, shut out by a great 
barrier, as it were, from the past equally with the future, 
bounding the visible horizon of the student like the walls 
of a monastery, still leaves within them scope enough for 
all the sympathies and the passions of manhood. Taken 
from the searching eye of parental supervision, the youth- 
ful scholar finds the shackles of early discipline fall from 
him, as he is left to the disposal, in a great degree, of 
his own hours and the choice of his own associates. His 
powers are quickened by collision with various minds, and 
by the bolder range of studies now thrown open to him. 
He finds the same incentives to ambition as in the wider 
world, and contends with the same zeal for honors, which 
to his eye seem quite as real — and are they not so?-— as 

Memoir of John Pickering, 207 

those in later life. He meets, too, with the same obstacles 
to success as in the world, the same temptations to idleness, 
the same gilded seductions, but with nol the same power 
oi resistance. For in this morning of life, his passions are 
strongest, his animal nature is more sensible to enjoyment, 
his reasoning faculties less vigorous and mature. Happy 
the youth who, in this stage of his existence, is so strong in 
his principles, that he can pass through the ordeal without 
faltering or failing, — on whom the contact of had compan- 
ionship has left no stain, tor future tears to wash away. 

Mr. Pickering's academic career, from first to last, left 
nothing, — perhaps that is too much to say of any human 
being, — left little, to be repented of. lie was steeled by 
early education and his naturally fine temperament against 
the coarser seductions of pleasure. He bent his faculties 
to the great purpose of making himself a scholar, and this 
in the most opposite departments of knowledge. He now 
aid the foundation of his critical acquaintance with the 
classics, and acquired that reverence for the immortal mas- 
ters of antiquity which strengthened with his years. He 
became distinguished, also, by his proficiency in mathemat- 
ics ; and is said to have derived peculiar satisfaction from 
some academic honors awarded to him for this proficiency. 
He may have felt, perhaps, that this was not within his pe- 
culiar and legitimate province. He established, moreover, 
during his collegiate career, a reputation for those manly 
virtues, for modesty, candor, love of truth, simplicity of 
purpose, and winning courtesy of manner, which endeared 
him to all who approached him, and to many bound him 
with the ties of an enduring friendship. 

On leaving college, he joined his father in Philadelphia, 
where he then resided as Secretary of State. Mr. Pickering 
at once began the study of the law, under the direction of 
Mr. Tilghman, afterwards Chief Justice of the Supreme 
Court of Pennsylvania. He did not remain long in Phil- 
adelphia, however, but, on the mission of William Smith, 
of South Carolina, to the court of Lisbon, he accompa- 
nied that distinguished statesman as Secretary of Legation. 
The American minister took up his residence at the capi- 
tal. But the summer months were spent at Cintra, the de- 
licious shades of which offered an agreeable retirement, 

208 Memoir of John Pickering. 

most favorable to the purposes of the student. Mr. Picker- 
ing, both in the capital and the country, pursued his studies 
with diligence. He began a course of the civil law, 
devoted himself to the Continental languages and literatures, 
and showed a faculty for acquiring the pronunciation of 
foreign idioms, which seems to be as much of a natural 
gift, as an ear for music. 

The residence at Lisbon of a native of Damascus, where 
the Arabic is spoken in purity, afforded him the means of 
opening an acquaintance with that language, and, as he had 
some prospect of being employed in a projected mission 
to Constantinople, he endeavoured to acquire some knowl- 
edge of the Turkish. So decidedly had his literary tastes 
now manifested themselves, and his love of languages as- 
serted its predominance. 

He was not destined, however, to visit Constantino- 
ple, but, after two years' residence in Portugal, was trans- 
ferred to London, where, through his father's influence, he 
obtained the place of private secretary of Rufus King, then 
minister at die Court of St. James. In this new situation 
Mr. Pickering pursued his studies with unabated diligence. 
He gave particular attention to classical literature, for 
which he had here every facility. Other countries have 
produced more abundant commentaries, and more numerous 
and elaborate editions, but in none have the ancient mas- 
ters been held in higher reverence, and nowhere has a 
familiarity with them been deemed more indispensable in 
the education of youth. With the study of the classics 
in so congenial an atmosphere Mr. Pickering combined 
that of the civil law, which he had commenced on the 
Continent. His literary labors were relieved by the pleas- 
ures of social intercourse, — especially with the family of 
the accomplished minister to whom he was attached, as 
well as with one of the most cherished companions of his 
college life. This was Dr. James Jackson, who was then 
in London, acquiring the rudiments of that profession 
which he was to pursue through a long series of years 
with so much honor to himself and such widely extended 
benefit to the community. The intimacy thus renewed in a 
distant land cemented a friendship which continued un- 
broken and unabated to the close of Mr. Pickering's life. 

Memoir of John Pickering, 209 

In 1801, after two years 9 residence in the British metrop- 
olis, he returned to his native country, with mental resour- 
ces greatly enlarged by study and intercourse with the 
world, and with a valuable collection of books, made with 
much care, such as was probably possessed at this period 
by few private gentlemen in the country. Uis father had 
then retired from office, and Mr. Pickering found him so 
far straitened in his circumstances, that he had the mortifi- 
cation of being compelled to part with the greatest portion 
of his library, in order to defray his own expenses; — a 
mortification which may have been somewhat mitigated by 
the consideration of the good influence which the diffusion 
of so rich a collection must exert on the community, to 
whom such stores of written wisdom were not then too 
easy of access. 

On taking up his residence at Salem, he resumed the 
study of the law, under the direction of Samuel Putnam, 
who, in the retirement of private life, still lives to enjoy the 
recollection of years well spent in the discharge of active 
professional duties, first at the bar, and afterwards on the 

Mr. Pickering, however, still found time for the indul- 
gence of his literary tastes, while engaged in preparation 
for his profession. In 1S04, he edited, with the assistance 
of his friend and fellow-student, Mr. White, the works of 
Sallust, with original notes, and an introduction, both in 
Latin. It was one of the first attempts in our country to 
exhibit an ancient classic in so learned a form, and the 
work was performed in a scholar-like manner, that reflected 
much credit on the parties. 

The first years of a professional career, unless com- 
menced under extraordinary circumstances, are not likely 
to find the young aspirant engrossed by active business; 
and Mr. Pickering doubtless had much leisure for hiving 
up stores of learning, both literary and legal. His first 
important contribution to letters was in 1815, consisting of 
a communication to the American Academy, on phrases 
peculiar to the United States. The memoir was entitled, 
"Vocabulary of Words and Phrases which have been sup- 
posed to be Peculiar to the United States of America. 
To which is prefixed an Essay on the Present State of 

vol. x. 27 

2 1 Memoir of John Pickering. 

the English Language in the United States." The Essay, 
of great length for such a collection as that in which it 
first appeared, was published, the following year, in an 
independent form, and, subsequently, portions of it were 
translated and printed in Germany. It attracted much at- 
tention, as the first attempt to ascertain the comparative 
state of the language, as spoken here and in the mother 
country. For this Mr. Pickering's experience as well as 
studies had given him obvious advantages ; and his intima- 
cy with the good society of the English capital had sup- 
plied him with an accurate standard for detecting the cor- 
ruptions which had taken place in both the written and 
spoken idiom, on this side of the water. Thus his philo- 
logical inquiries were not limited to foreign tongues ; and 
he manifested early, what through his whole life he strove 
to maintain by precept and example, a conformity to the 
highest and purest standard of English composition. 

Some there are who consider such a solicitude as super- 
fluous, and who regard the language as open to innova- 
tions, .especially in this country, demanded sometimes by 
the exigencies of our peculiar situation, but depending in 
a great degree on the caprice of the writer. But this ill 
accords with the judgment of the best critics of antiquity, 
one of whom discovers in this latitude of phraseology a 
great source of the corruption of true eloquence. Nor has 
such a license been found compatible with an advanced 
stage of literary cultivation among the moderns. In Italy, 
for example, where the number of independent states early 
'led each to assume for itself the right of determining the 
classic standard of diction, it was at length arranged by 
general consent that this honor should be conceded to the 
Tuscan, as the purest and most perfect of the various dia- 
lects ; and while other idioms were applied to light or local 
purposes, the Tuscan was made the vehicle of whatever 
aspired to the rank of a classic composition. 

In a country like France, with one acknowledged capital 
at its head, the grand resort of wit, fashion, and learning, 
the matter has been regulated with little difficulty, and the 
Parisian standard, both of writing and speaking, has be- 
come the standard of the higher and educated classes 
throughout the country. To London the same deference 

.Memoir of John Pickering. 211 

has been conceded by all quarters of the empire, as the 
great focus to which naturally converge the scattered rays 
of genius and learning, where, under the influence of edu- 
cation and fashion, the. language takes its highest polish, 

and the standard of purity is fixed. Yet the American 
writer feels reluctant to defer to a foreign tribunal, and 
would rather settle his own standard of purity for him- 
self. In the consciousness of political independence, he re- 
gards this homage, even in literary matters, as a sort of co- 
lonial servitude. But what will he gain by establishing 
a different standard ? And where shall that standard be 
found ! Each of the great and growing capitals of the 
East and of the West may assert its literary pretensions; 
and when literature comes to be more widely cultivated as 
a profession, as many conflicting dialects might arise as in 
Italy, until the language, distorted into an endless variety 
of fantastic forms, would become alike destitute of harmony 
and refinement. There is, in truth, no cause for such jeal- 
ousy of our father-land. The noble brotherhood of schol- 
ars makes one large republic of letters, without reference to 
geographical lines or national distinctions. The great ob- 
ject — so far as language is concerned — is to convert it 
into the most perfect and beautiful instrument for the ex- 
pression of thought; and as the highest standard of this is 
to be found in the writings of the greatest masters, and in 
the idiom of that society which, from its higher education, 
as a body, and from the circumstances of its situation, is 
enabled to give greatest attention to forms of expression, 
it is to these authorities that we are to look for settling the 
classic forms of our language. Should the day ever come 
when the light of learning shall fade away in the home of 
our fathers, to be rekindled with a brighter splendor in our 
own, another standard may arise and be maintained by our 
advancing civilization. But till then we must be content, 
unpalatable as it may be to some of our prejudices, to 
defer to the metropolis of the Anglo-Saxon race as the 
metropolis of its language. The same tongue cannot have 
two standards of purity. 

It is worthy of notice, that very many of the words 
and phrases introduced into Mr. Pickering's Vocabulary 
were found not to have originated on this continent, but 

212 Memoir of John Pickering, 

in England itself; especially in those quarters of the coun- 
try whence our ancestors most freely emigrated, but where 
many of these words have since become obsolete. The 
fact furnishes an additional evidence of what has been es- 
tablished on other grounds, that the Anglo-Saxon stock has 
been maintained in New England in greater purity, and 
less affected by foreign influences, than in the mother 
country itself. 

But the object which engaged most of the attention 
which Mr. Pickering could spare from his professional avo- 
cations was the study of the Greek. In 1818, he pub- 
lished, in the volumes of the American Academy, a memoir 
on the pronunciation of the Greek language ; in which he 
endeavoured to prove that this pronunciation should be ac- 
commodated to that of the modern Greeks themselves. It 
was an ingenious essay, and excited much attention among 
the learned. 

The great end of his labors in this branch of literature, 
however, was the compilation of a Greek Lexicon with an 
English interpretation, instead of the Latin before exclusively 
used by us. This was its principal distinction, though in 
other important particulars it had greatly the advantage of 
previous compilations. It was formed on the general plan 
of the Lexicon of Schrevelius, then in popular use in our 
schools. The catalogue of words, however, was much en- 
larged ; their definitions were both copious and precise ; 
while his knowledge of jurisprudence enabled the author 
to supply much useful information in respect to the phrase- 
ology of that science. The whole work showed, not only 
the painstaking industry of an humble lexicographer, but the 
results of a long and critical study of the best models 
among the ancients, as well as of those modern philologists, 
especially the German, who have given to this department 
the dignity of a science. 

The first part of the work was conducted by himself, but 
in the latter and much the larger portion of it he was aided 
by the late Dr. Daniel Oliver, Professor of Moral Philosophy 
in Dartmouth College. A prospectus of the Lexicon was 
issued in 1820; but it was not till six years later, that the 
work, commenced in 1814, was given to the public. Its 
reception was such as fully repaid the learned labors of 

Memoir of John Pickering. 213 

its author. It was acknowledged by all to have supplied 

a most important desideratum, not only as an elementary 
book for the student, but as a manual for the scholar. The 
iirst edition was exhausted in less than three years; and a 
second, prepared wholly by Mr Pickering, and containing 
many thousand new tonus, was given to the public in 
1829. It was afterwards republished, with additions, in 
Edinburgh ; and, as it is said, was liberally used, with slen- 
der acknowledgments, in the preparation of similar works 
on that side of the water. A third and more enlarged 
edition was reserved, as we shall see hereafter, for the 
closing labor of Mr. Pickering's life. 

Vet, while he was thus appropriating such of his leisure 
hours as were left him by his profession to the prepara- 
tion of his great work, his attention was drawn in another 
direction, and one most opposite to the cultivated lan- 
guage of ancient Greece. This was the unformed 
dialects of our own aborigines. Mr. Pickering's attention 
was first called to the subject ; as he himself informs us, by 
Mr. Du Ponceau's Report on the Indian languages, ad- 
dressed to the Philosophical Society of Philadelphia. An 
elaborate article, which appeared in the North American 
Review in 1819, on that memoir, from the pen of Mr. Pick- 
ering, led to a correspondence between these eminent 
philologists, and to a personal intimacy which terminated 
only with life. Side by side, as it were, the two scholars 
entered on this wide, but hitherto untrodden field, smitten 
with the same ardor for discovery, and by their frequent 
correspondence facilitated each other's progress, and com- 
pared the results of their observations before they were 
matured for the public. 

One of the first fruits of Mr. Pickering's studies was the 
publication of Eliot's Indian Grammar, with Introductory 
Observations on the Massachusetts Language, which ap- 
peared in 1822, in the volumes of this Society. It was fol- 
lowed the next year by the publication in these Collections 
of Edwards's Observations on the Mohegan Language, with 
Notes by the Editor. Both memoirs showed that the au- 
thor had already far advanced in a critical study of the ab- 
original dialects of America, while they made an important 
contribution to the science of philology. 

214 Memoir of John Pickering. 

But the production of greatest importance from Mr. 
Pickering's pen, in relation to this topic, was an Essay on a 
Uniform Orthography of the Indian Languages of North 
America, which appeared in 1820, in the fourth volume of 
the Transactions of the American Academy. The author 
had not proceeded far in his own researches in this new 
direction, when he found that the different sounds attached 
to the same letters by the scholars of different European 
nations led to inextricable confusion and misunderstanding, 
in their attempts to reduce to writing the barbarous idioms 
of the New World. The same vowel, used by a German, 
was intended to convey a very different sound from what 
it would receive from the lips of an English or American 
writer. To avoid this embarrassment, he formed the scheme 
of a common system of orthography, in which the letters 
should have determinate and conventional values assigned 
to them, and such as would be perfectly recognized by 
scholars of every nation. To the Essay he annexed an al- 
phabet to be applied to the Indian tongues, in which he 
retained most of the Roman letters in use by us, and when 
he would express a compound sound he attached a 
cedilla, as it is called in Spanish, or some simple mark, to 
one of the original letters. This arrangement he rightly 
regarded as more simple, and easier to be mastered, than 
an entirely new alphabet of purely arbitrary signs. 

The Essay, which he published in a separate form the 
following year, attracted great attention among scholars, 
both at home and abroad. Sir William Jones, had he 
lived to this period, might have rejoiced in the realization 
of his wishes in regard to the existence of some intelligible 
and universal medium of communication for the languages 
of the East, since he would have found such a medium 
now afforded by a simple contrivance, the more beautiful, 
like all other skilful contrivances, from its very simplicity. 
The success of the scheme, as shown by its practical 
application, must have exceeded the most sanguine ex- 
pectations of its author. Thirty years have not elapsed 
since the publication of the memoir, yet the alphabet has 
been applied to eleven of the aboriginal languages of this 
continent, and in some of them newspapers are regularly 
printed in these characters. Two of the African dialects, 

Memoir of John Pickering. 2 1 5 

and that also of the Sandwich Islands, have been reduced 
to writing on the same system of orthography, and various 
works, including the Scriptures, published in them ; and 
the Syrian Mission of Jerusalem has proposed to extend 
the same system, so widely countenanced by the learned, 
to the languages of the East. Thus, by the ingenuity and 
industry of the American philologist, the means have been 
devised for a free communication between the scholars of 
different countries engaged In these obscure investigations. 
They can now 7 profit by one another's assistance in subject- 
ing the fruits of their researches to philosophical analysis ; 
while the untutored savage is furnished with a medium of 
communication, by which the light of civilization may be 
poured in upon his darkened intellect. 

It is not easy to comprehend how Mr. Pickering could 
have rescued the time for these philological researches from 
that demanded by his professional duties ; for he was all 
this while a lawyer, in as great practice, almost, as any in 
the country. It could have been accomplished only by 
incessant toil, and a judicious distribution of his hours. 
But he felt that his literary tastes, however ennobling and 
useful in their results, could no longer be indulged to the 
same extent without detriment to his professional business. 
In 1S29, he decided to remove to Boston, as opening a 
wider theatre for a lawyer, and at the same time to confine 
himself more exclusively to his profession. 

So soon as he had established himself in his new resi- 
dence, he was complimented by receiving the appointment 
of City Solicitor, a post which he continued to fill with 
equal integrity and ability till the year previous to his death. 
In his devotion to the law, he did not decline the offer 
made to him of a seat in the Senate of Massachusetts. He 
had never shown a love of political life, or aimed at its 
honors. But a sense of what, as a good citizen, he owed 
his country induced him to accept a situation in the legis- 
lative councils, for which his legal education had well qual- 
ified him. When in Salem, the confidence of the com- 
munity had been shown by their thrice sending him as 
representative from that town, and twice as Senator from 
Essex. He had also been a member of the Executive 
Council, and, on coming to Boston, again took his place in 

2 1 6 Memoir of John Pickering. 

the Senate from the county of Suffolk. But he remained 
no longer in the political arena than seemed to be demand- 
ed by a sense of duty. While there, he attended with 
conscientious fidelity to his legislative functions. He was 
frequently placed on committees, where the burden of 
preparing the reports devolved principally on himself; on 
which occasions, he performed his task with acknowledged 
ability and fairness. His manner of speaking before the 
legislature was distinguished by the same general char- 
acteristics as at the bar. He was temperate and dignified ; 
addressing the reason rather than the feelings ; opening 
expansive views of policy, and resting on high moral 
grounds ; strong in the assertion of truth, and ever prompt 
to maintain the right, even, as in the case of the Charles- 
town Bridge, when the right was not too popular. 

Though much absorbed by the practice of the law, after 
he had changed his residence to Boston, he still found 
time for other occupations, some of them of great moment, 
having a more general relation to his profession. In 1833, 
he was appointed by the legislature, together with Judge 
Jackson and the late Professor Stearns of Cambridge, to 
revise the statutes of the Commonwealth. The first part, 
relating to the internal administration of government, fell 
to Mr. Pickering. It was a work, like all the rest involved 
by the commission, of great labor and responsibility ; and 
the thorough and able manner in which he executed his 
portion of the task was such as richly entitled him to the 
gratitude of his countrymen. 

Neither was his pen idle on topics having a bearing on 
his profession. Two papers, having reference to the Ro- 
man law, showed the diligence with which he had cultivat- 
ed this department of legal science. A still more memora- 
ble example is afforded by his celebrated paper on the 
McLeod affair, which appeared in the Law Reporter in 
1841. It was on occasion of the unhappy troubles on our 
Canadian frontier, which for a time, as every one remembers, 
menaced the most serious consequences. No little part of 
the difficulty arose from the conflict of State rights with the 
national. Mr. Pickering made a full and fearless examination 
of the disputed point ; defined the boundary line between 
the tw T o authorities with precision ; and supported his views 

Memoir of John Pickering. '2 1 7 

by an appositeness of legal illustration, solidity of principle, 
and cogency, and at the same time fairness, of reasoning, 
that brought conviction to every candid mind. It was ad- 
mitted by those conversant with the subject, to take prece- 
dence of every other disquisition which had appealed on it. 

Nor was Mr. Pickering, at this period, wholly withdrawn 
from the studies which in earlier life had engaged so much 
of his attention ; and from time to time he gave abundant 
evidence that in his leisure he could turn with his former 
fondness to those philological researches which to him were 
soothing recreations. Among his contributions to the de- 
partment of Indian languages may especially be noted an 
edition of Father Rasles's Dictionary of the Abnaki tongue, 
with an Introductory Memoir and Notes, printed in the first 
volume, new series, of the Transactions of the American 
Academy; and a disquisition on the North American lan- 
guages, prepared for the Encyclopaedia Americana. The 
last treatise unfolds with careful precision the grammatical 
structure of the Indian tongues, in a manner that renders a 
subject, which may be thought somewhat repulsive to the 
general reader, sufficiently interesting by the philosophical 
spirit with which it is discussed, and the comprehensive re- 
sults to which we are led by the details. The essay, which 
no American scholar, probably, except Du Ponceau and the 
venerable Gallatin, would have been competent to w r rite, was, 
on account of its length and importance, printed separately 
in the Appendix. It has since been translated into German. 

Nothing but systematic application and a careful econ- 
omy of time would have enabled Mr. Pickering to run 
through such a wide circle of professional and philological 
labors. Even this would scarcely have sufficed, had he not 
been blessed with an excellent constitution, invigorated by 
habits of temperance ; while his equanimity of temper and 
a life of tranquillity exempted him from many of those cor- 
roding cares which sour the happiness, and too often shorten 
existence. But in the summer of 1845, he felt the ap- 
proaches of a disease, which, at first, had nothing very alarm- 
ing in its aspect. Indeed, his long period of uninterrupted 
health made it difficult for him to comprehend his own 
condition ; and as the disease gained ground, and he grew 
weaker in body, he still showed reluctance to relinquish his 

vol x. 23 

218 Memoir of John Pickering, 

literary occupations, — as a veteran, unused to defeat, unwil- 
lingly retreats before odds too great to be resisted. An oc- 
cupation which accompanied him to the last was the prepa- 
ration of a new and enlarged edition of his Lexicon, and, like 
his illustrious friend Bowditch, he continued to employ his 
declining strength in perfecting those tasks for the good of 
others, of which he could never reap the benefit himself. 

In the following spring, his health failed so sensibly, that it 
was evident the end could not be long protracted. He 
prepared to meet it, however, in the true spirit of a Chris- 
tian philosopher, —in the spirit in which he had always 
lived. He experienced all the alleviations to his illness 
which the sympathy of friendship and the endearing atten- 
tions of his own family could afford. His wife, disabled by 
bodily infirmities, had for some time been deprived of her 
sight. But the attentions which she was thus excluded 
from paying, and which a woman only can pay, were be- 
stowed in full measure by his daughter, whom he had ever 
regarded — as was due to her admirable qualities — with 
peculiar fondness and parental pride. 

On the fifth of May, 1846, Mr. Pickering breathed his 
last. He left behind him three children, two of them sons, 
and a widow, who before the close of the same year fol- 
lowed her husband to the tomb. 

Mr. Pickering was tall in stature, and of a commanding 
presence. His features were regular; his mouth small and 
well formed ; his nose of the Roman cast ; his serene and 
ample forehead seemed to be the fitting seat of contempla- 
tion. His wdiole deportment was such as to command re- 
spect, yet tempered by a benignity of manner, which in- 
spired the warmer feelings of regard. 

His manner, indeed, was not only courteous, but courtly. 
He had that courtesy which is seated in the heart ; and his 
good breeding was the form in which he expressed the be- 
nevolence of his nature. This is the true good breeding, as 
superior to that which rests only on the conventional rules 
of society, as the genuine is to the counterfeit ; — for the 
latter is but the copy of the former. 

The more we reflect on Mr. Pickering's character, the 
more deeply are we impressed with the great variety and 
amount of his attainments. As a professional man, he had 

Memoir of John Pickering. 2 1 

studied the law profoundly as a science, penetrating to those 
departments of it which are, for the most part, little con- 
sulted by the profession. His mastery of languages was 
wonderful, and they were not to him, like a hunch of use- 
less keys, never employed to open the rich caskets to which 
they belonged. He made himself familiar with ancient litera- 
ture, and with the works of the best masters in the mod- 
ern ; and where the language itself chiefly engaged his at- 
tention, it was because, having no literature, it was studied 
by him for philological purposes. Besides this wide; range 
of scholarship, he had sufficient knowledge of mathematics 
to be able to read and comprehend Bowditch's La Place, a 
good test of proficiency in this department. He was very 
fond of music, and had studied its principles as a science. 
He was a good botanist ; had also a turn for mechanics, and 
early in life had acquired considerable skill in the use of the 

But the most remarkable of his acquisitions was that of 
languages, already alluded to. In this he rivalled that great 
Orientalist, Sir William Jones, to whom he has more than once 
been compared ; for both w r ere trained to the law, and could 
devote to their literary labors only such hours as they could 
glean from their professional ; and both were distinguished 
by a pure and elevated character, that gave additional lus- 
tre to their scholarship. It may be well to enumerate here 
the number of languages at Mr. Pickering's command, as 
they are set down in the article in the Law Reporter to 
which I have already referred. "It is certain that he was fa- 
miliar with at least nine, — the English, French, Portuguese, 
Italian, Spanish, German, Romaic, Greek, and Latin ; of 
these he spoke the first five. He was less familiar, though 
well acquainted, with the Dutch, Swedish, Danish, and He- 
brew ; and had explored with various degrees of care the 
Arabic, Turkish, Syriac, Persian, Coptic, Sanscrit, Chinese, 
Cochin-Chinese, Russian, Egyptian hieroglyphics, the Malay 
in several dialects, and particularly the Indian languages of 
America, and of the Polynesian Islands." 

Such extensive acquisitions could have been the result 
only of the greatest industry and perseverance. He had 
early acquired a power of abstraction, and, the subject of his 
meditations once fully presented to his mind, he could se- 

220 Memoir of John Pickering. 

cure and detain it there, until he had carefully examined it 
in all its bearings. The time and place were altogether in- 
different to him ; and his mental processes were equally 
undisturbed by the bustle of the court-room and the con- 
versation at his fireside. This power of abstraction, so im- 
portant to every man who would think to any purpose, 
however difficult it may at first seem, is not very uncom- 
mon, since it is easily acquired where circumstances imper- 
atively demand it, — as every school-boy and college tyro 
will remember, who has deferred the completion of his task 
till he appears in the recitation-room. 

But Mr. Pickering had what was more uncommon, and 
what, to the degree in which he had it, may be regarded as 
a real gift of nature, — a most tenacious memory. Most 
men find it easier to forget than to remember. With Mr. 
Pickering, to learn and to remember seemed to be synony- 
mous. Such a power, if not genius, is next akin to it. It 
is to the scholar what imagination is to the poet. It is the 
arsenal whence he can draw at will the weapons for his intel- 
lectual combats. With this power, Mr. Pickering could pass 
from one subject to another, finding each where he had left it. 
Nothing had been lost in the interval. No step was to be 
retraced ; but each new step carried him still onward in the 
interminable march of knowledge. 

Mr. Pickering's character may be surveyed under two 
aspects, — as a lawyer, and as a man of letters. His regular 
occupation was the law. This was the business of his life, 
and during the greater part of his life he was in full prac- 
tice. It was only such intervals as he could snatch from 
business that he devoted to literature. His literary achieve- 
ments, therefore, regarded in this point of view, become 
truly wonderful. 

As a lawyer, he stood high in the consideration of the 
community, and deservedly, for no man in the profession did 
more to elevate its character. At the bar, as everywhere 
else, his demeanour was courteous. His manner of address- 
ing the jury was plain and impressive. He was well instruct- 
ed in his case, and expounded with logical precision the 
legal principles that applied to it. He was, however, not an 
eloquent nor a stirring speaker, and to some his temperate 
manner might appear cold. He addressed the understand- 

Memoir of John Pickering. 221 

ing, rather than the passions of his audience. Neither his 
modesty nor his good taste would have led him to affect 
the rhetorical display, which he considered as ill-suited to 
the gravity of the court-room. A lover of truth, he had 
not that specious sophistry at command by which a bad 
cause is made to bear the semblance of a good one. He 
was strong only in defence of the right. He could not be 
brought to regard the law as a cunning weapon, at the ser- 
vice of the most skilful fencer. He looked on it as a noble 
science, resting on the broad basis of natural justice, and 
designed for the protection of human right. He loved, there- 
fore,, to ascend from its trivial details to its higher princi- 
ples, and regarded it with the eyes of a philosophic jurist, 
rather than those of the mere practising attorney. His dis- 
position was far more contemplative than active ; better suit- 
ted to the tranquil occupations of the study, than to the 
strife, either of the forum or the senate-house. 

He was, indeed, as has been said of him, the model of a 
scholar. Patient and persevering, he toiled incessantly after 
truth, content with earning this as the best reward of his la- 
bors. It was his maxim, that the greatest obstacles are to be 
overcome by unintermitting efforts, in the moral world equal- 
ly with the physical. The motive which directed his labors 
was as elevated as the object of them. Some men toil from 
ambition, others from the love of gain. If they succeed, 
they have such reward as the world can give. If they 
fail, they are left without consolation. But Mr. Pickering 
proposed the nobler end of benefit to mankind. That he 
was influenced, to some extent, by motives of worldly pru- 
dence, is no doubt true. For who is not? But the domi- 
nant impulse in his breast was the good of his fellow-men. 
This sentiment, which he inculcates in one of his last dis- 
courses as the true motive of the scholar, was not with him 
an empty boast. His whole life showed it to be sincere. 
The works to which he devoted himself were not those 
that catch the popular eye. He was content to toil in the 
obscure mines of literature, where his labors were almost 
hidden from observation. Most of his contributions to sci- 
ence were free offerings, without compensation, and are to 
be found embodied in the collections of learned societies. 
His pen was ever prompt in the service of others. Nor did 

222 Memoir of John Pickering. 

his good offices stop here ; and more than one author can 
recall to mind the assistance which he gave him when com- 
ing before the world, and the sympathy which he never 
failed to manifest in his success. The success of another, 
indeed, whether friend or rival, filled him only with satisfac- 
tion. He had a soul too large for envy, and he hailed with 
delight every real contribution to science, from whatever 
quarter it came. 

Mr. Pickering's inquisitive mind drew in knowledge from 
every source within its reach ; — from books, meditation, so- 
ciety ; from the educated traveller, or the simple mariner 
who brought back tidings of some distant island, the lan- 
guage of which still remained to be explored. Strangers 
having such information resorted to his house, eager to im- 
part their stores to one who could so largely profit by them. 
In this way he obtained the materials of his last communi- 
cation to the American Academy, being a very interesting 
account of the remarkable race who inhabit Lord North's 
Island, and of the language spoken by them. 

It is gratifying to reflect, that the services thus rendered 
by the American philologist to the cause of science were 
duly appreciated by his contemporaries ; and that he re- 
ceived testimonials to his deserts from numerous learned 
bodies, both at home and abroad. In 1806, when not thir- 
ty years of age, he was offered the chair of Hebrew and 
other Oriental Languages in Harvard College. Seven or 
eight years later, he was appointed to the Eliot Professor- 
ship of Greek Literature in the same University ; — both of 
which he declined. In 1822, he received the degree of 
LL. D. from Bowdoin College, and in 1835, from Harvard. 
Besides being a fellow of this Society, he was the President 
of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, and Foreign 
Secretary of the Antiquarian Society, in this his own State. 
He was also a member of the American Philosophical Socie- 
ty of Philadelphia, and of numerous literary associations in 
other parts of the country. In Europe, he was elected a 
corresponding member of the Royal Academy of Berlin ; 
of the Oriental Society of Paris ; of the Academy of Scien- 
ces and Letters at Palermo ; of the Antiquarian Society at 
Athens ; and titular member of the French Society of Uni- 
versal Statistics. 

Memoir of John Pickering. 223 

Mr. Pickering was too modest to require this blazonry of 
his literary honors, but it is proper to record them here, as 
evidence of the high respect in which his character was held 
by the most competent tribunals, both in Europe and his 
own country. Such an indorsement, indeed, will not be 
necessary to secure his fame with posterity. That must. 
rest, not on what others have done for him, but on what he 
has done for himself; — on bis writings, especially those 
which have helped so much to enlarge the boundaries of 
philological science ; and on the influence of his example, 
wide among his generation. For he lived in an age when 
true scholarship was rare, and he set the example of a learn- 
ing various and profound, sustained by a lofty morality, and 
recommended by the graces of manner which give to learn- 

ing its greatest attractions. 

List of the Published Writings of John Pickering, LL. D. 

ISO i. Oration delivered at Salem, July 4, 1804. 
" Sallust; edited with Latin Notes. Salem. 

1815. Vocabulary of Words and Phrases which have been supposed 
to be Peculiar to the United States of America. To which is prefixed an 
Essay on the Present State of the English Language in the United 
States of America. 

1818. Memoir on the Pronunciation of the Greek Language. Me- 
moirs of the American Academy. 

1819. Translation of Professor Wyttenbach's Observations on the 
Importance of Greek Literature, and the Best Method of studying the 
Classics. North American Review. 

1819. Article on I)u Ponceau's Report to the American Philosophi- 
cal Society. N. A. Review. 

L820. Article on Dr. Jarvis's Discourse on the Religion of the In- 
dian Tribes of North America. N. A. Review. 

1800. Essay on a Uniform Orthography for the Indian Languages of 
North America. Mem. of Amer. Acad. 

1822. Edition of Eliot's Indian Grammar; with Introductory Obser- 
vations on the Massachusetts Language. Collections of the Massachu- 
setts Historical Society. 

1822. Article on Adelung's Survey of all the Known Languages and 
their Dialects. N. A. Review. 

1S23. An Edition, with Notes, of Edwards's Observations on the Mo- 
hegan Language. Coll. Mass. Hist. Society. 

1825. Remarks on Greek Grammars. American Journal of Edu- 

1826. Two Articles on American Indians. New York Review. 
" Greek and English Lexicon. 

224 Memoir of John Pickering. 

1827. Edition of Roger Williams's Key to the Indian Language. 
Collections of the Rhode Island Historical Society. 

182S. Article on Johnson's Dictionary. American Quarterly Review. 

1829. Remarks on the Study of the Civil Law. American Jurist. 
" Agrarian Laws of Rome. Encyclopaedia Americana. 

1830. Edition of Cotton's Vocabulary of the Massachusetts Indians. 
Coll. Mass. Hist. Society. 

1831. Introductory Essay on Newhall's Letters of Junius. 

" Indian Languages of North America. Encyclopaedia Ameri- 

1833. Revised Statutes of Massachusetts. Part First. Of the In- 
ternal Administration of the Government. 

1833. Lecture on Telegraphic Language, before the Boston Marine 

1833. Review of Williams on the Law of Executors. Amer. Jurist. 
" Edition of Father Rasles's Dictionary of the Abnaki Language, 

with Introductory Memoir and Notes. Mem. of Amer. Acad. 

1834. Lecture on the Alleged Uncertainty of the Law. Amer. Jurist. 
" Article on the History o*f Harvard University. N. A. Review. 

1838. Article on Prescott's Ferdinand and Isabella. N. Y. Review. 
" Eulogy on Dr. Bowditch. Mem. of Amer. Acad. 

1839. Article on Chinese Language. N. A. Review. 

" Article on Curtis's Admiralty Digest. Amer. Jurist. 

1840. Article on Egyptian Jurisprudence. N. A. Review. 

1841. Essay on National Rights and State Rights. Law Reporter. 
" Article on the Cochin-Chinese Language. N. A. Review. 

1843. Address before the American Oriental Society. 
1846. Memoir on the Language and Inhabitants of Lord North's 
Island. Mem. of Amer. Acad. 


Hy joskimi wtllard, a ML 

During the year 1843, five of our members were called 
to their rest ; * — individuals of worth and esteem, several 
of whom had served faithfully the cause of letters and re- 
ligion in their lifetime, and their memories should not be for- 
gotten by their associates. 

Among these honored ones, it has fallen to me to pay a 
brief tribute to the memory of Lincoln, a long-tried and es- 
teemed friend. 

William Lincoln, the youngest son of the late Hon. 
Levi Lincoln, was born in Worcester in this State, Septem- 
ber 26, 1801. His early years were spent in his native 
town, where the social position of his family and connec- 
tions gave him all the external facilities which could be of 
advantage in his preparation for the University. 

His father, having retired from the professional and politi- 
cal arena, after a long and distinguished career, devoted his 
declining years to a wide and liberal course of reading, and 
to the classical studies of his youth. At this time his son 
was in his early training, and the father took the entire 
charge of his instruction. The pupil was diligent and apt, 
and did justice to the care and painstaking that were exer- 
cised in his behalf. 

* Rev. F. W. P. Greenwood, D.D., August 2; Rev Jonathan Homer, D. D., Au- 
gust 11 ; Rev. Henry Ware, Jr., I) I).. September 22; William Lincoln, Esq., Octo- 
ber 5; Samuel P. Gardner, Esq., December 18. This, probably, is the largest inroad 

upon our number in any one year since the first organization of the Society. 

vol. x. 29 

226 Memoir of William Lincoln. 

He entered Harvard University in the Junior class in 
1820, and was graduated in 1822. While at Cambridge, 
he maintained a very respectable rank as a scholar, and ac- 
quired the general esteem of his classmates by his gentle- 
manly and scholarlike deportment. 

His Commencement performance was a poem, and its 
subject, "The Land of the Pilgrims," was an early evidence 
and foreshadowing of his future taste. His rank as a scholar, 
I have said, was respectable. It might have been higher, 
and his general assiduity would have asserted the right, had 
he regarded class recitations as his chief aim. I do not un- 
derstand that he placed any estimate upon them other than 
such as would insure him a wholesome reputation for diligence 
and good standing, and leave him time to pursue his partic- 
ular bent in other departments of liberal culture. This was 
a strong feature in his character, and quite distinctive after- 
wards, when he came to the active business of life. Enter- 
ing college at a late period, I believe I may say that he failed 
to acquire those habitudes and that class and college asso- 
ciation usually so strong with those who go through the 
whole course. Indeed, it may be doubted, whether, with 
his cast of mind and disposition, he would have formed 
many intimacies during a residence of four years. 

On leaving college, he returned to Worcester, and im- 
mediately commenced the study of law, under the tuition 
of his brother, Hon. Levi Lincoln, at that time the leading 
member of the bar in the county of Worcester, and engaged 
in a very extensive practice. He pursued his professional 
studies with enlightened and successful zeal. One every 
way competent to form and express an opinion upon the 
subject bears testimony " to his fidelity and assiduity, his 
quick and clear perceptions, and the singularly discriminat- 
ing judgment with which he detected sophistry and error, 
and comprehended and embraced sound learning and safe 
principles"; while, at the same time, "his fine taste, varied 
reading, and rich acquisitions, and a vein of wit and never- 
failing good-humor," rendered him an agreeable and in- 
structive companion. This is high praise, and strongly ex- 
pressed ; but I cannot say that it is exaggerated. I knew 
nothing, indeed, personally of his laborious preparation for 
the bar, but I carefully observed the results of that prepara- 

Memoir of William Lincoln. 227 

tion, and they justify in full the remarks 1 have just quote'd. 
He came to the bar in 1825, arrayed wisely and well for its 

exhausting duties; and forming a connection in business 
with his relative^, the Hon. Rejoice Newton, in Worcester, 
lie found himself at once surrounded by clients and engaged 

in full practice. The law was not his favorite pursuit ; he 
embraced it, perhaps, in part, because in iSew England there 
is no consideration unless there is specific employment, and 
in part to add by its emoluments to a respectable patrimony. 
1 do not mean that he disliked the profession, — iar from it. 
He revered the science, and honored the great names that 
had added lustre to it. He attended faithfully to the duties 
of the office, and was as prompt, assiduous, and thorough in 
the detail of business, as he was sagacious and persevering in 
his legal investigations ; so that whenever he appeared before 
the court and jury, he gave manifestations of those qualities 
whose further cultivation would have led him in after life to 
distinction as a jurist and advocate. 

For many years he performed an amount of labor that 
few constitutions could have endured. The lawyer's daily 
life was engrossed with its employments, but when these 
were over, the greater part of the night would be occupied 
with literary avocations, and historical and antiquarian re- 
search. Nor, in the midst of these things, were the claims 
of friends forgotten or postponed, or the love of nature shut 
out from his heart. He loved horticulture, and engaged ac- 
tively in adorning and improving his patrimonial acres, — 
not by mere superintendence, but by being act and part in 
what he guided, and thereby producing beautiful results. 
God first planted a garden, said Bacon, and we natural- 
ly are prepossessed in favor of the simple taste of the man 
whose bent is in that direction. With all these avocations, 
he found or redeemed time enough, in his early years at the 
bar, to write largely for the newspaper press, and for several 
years before he assumed the office, was substantially the ed- 
itor of the National JEgis. At this period there was a class 
of the younger professional men in the county of Worcester, 
who began to devote much of their time to the cultivation 
of history, and more especially to the history of portions of 
their native land. Ardent among these were William Lin- 
coln and Christopher C. Baldwin, the late enthusiastic and 

228 Memoir of William Lincoln. 

devoted librarian of the American Antiquarian Society; both 
fresh at the bar, and brought into close communion by 
kindred tastes and pursuits. In the year 1825, sharing 
equally a generous ardor in historical investigations, they 
projected the publication of a periodical journal,* which, 
with some miscellaneous matter, should be chiefly devoted 
to historical narrative, and should contain " a minute and par- 
ticular account " of each town in the county of Worcester. 
The plan was a good one, and the work was conducted 
with much cleverness and spirit from October, 1825, to Oc- 
tober, 1826, inclusive. It embraced minute sketches of sev- 
eral of the towns in the county, and doubtless was the 
means of preserving some important material of local inter- 
est and of substantial worth to the future general historian. 
Had it been continued, every town in the county, or most of 
them, would have been commemorated by affectionate me- 
morials, and their history, industry, and thrift, becomingly set 
forth, would have embodied a wide collection of interesting 
detail, increasing in value as time was busy with his effacing 
fingers in the records of past generations. But so it was, 
that twenty years ago this journal fell, as many other jour- 
nals have fallen, for want of patronage. There did not ex- 
ist a sufficient demand for this species of literature. The 
community had not then been educated up to the point of 
zeal in local history that it has since reached ; and now, in 
turning back to its pages, limited in extent as the journal 
was, there is much found in them that will be hereafter 
wrought to good purpose, when a hearty laborer shall arise to 
chronicle the history of the noble county. Many of the 
articles — about an eighth part of the whole of the first vol- 
ume — are from the pen of Mr. Lincoln. 

In 1835, the American Antiquarian Society sustained a 
very heavy loss in the sudden death of their librarian, Mr. 
Baldwin. From the intimacy which had existed between 
them for a period of twelve years, Mr. Lincoln was selected 
by« the society as the most suitable person to deliver an ad- 
dress on the character and services of the late librarian. 
This address, while instinct with the warm feelings of per- 
sonal friendship, portrays the character of Mr. Baldwin, and 

* The Worcester Magazine and Historical Journal. 

Memoir of William Lincoln. -2-29 

his services in the important trust committed to him, in terms 
of entire justice. It is written with great good taste and dis- 
crimination, avoiding that tone of exaggeration so Frequent 
in productions of this class, and describing Mr. Baldwin, as 
he appeared to the daily observer, of simple and unpretend- 
ing excellence, abounding in innocent and pleasing peculi- 
arities, and deserving of great commendation for his inces- 
sant and far-reaching exertions in the held of American 
antiquities. Mr. Lincoln did main things well, but this may 
be set down as the best written of his productions; and 
from my own intimacy with the subject of the delineation, 
1 can bear testimony to its truthfulness. 

In 1837, he delivered the annual address before the Mas- 
sachusetts Horticultural Society. This was very favorably 
received when it was spoken, and rewards a subsequent 
perusal. Horticulture, as I have before remarked, was much 
to his taste, and as he had at one time entered largely into 
its practical details, not contenting himself with a general 
love of nature, he had his word in season to utter to those 
of kindred sympathy. 

Mr. Lincoln was engaged for many years in the prepara- 
tion of a history of his native town. I believe that it was 
originally his intention to publish it in the pages of The 
Worcester Magazine and Historical Journal, but that work 
having been suspended for want of the patronage it de- 
served and should have received, he wisely took time to 
make his collections, that he might present them to the 
public with entire accuracy, and in a form to be perpetually 
preserved. He well knew that the labor of preparing a 
town history was of no slight amount; that the materials 
would not always come at the bidding, and that while some 
facts would be obtained, as it were, accidentally, which were 
necessary for the links of the narrative, and many dates in 
the same way, a wide field must be traversed in the direct 
pursuit of that which was known to exist in State, county, 
town, and parish records, and among the masses of papers 
in the neglected waste-rooms of ancient families. The de- 
lay was of great service, as he was thus enabled to gather 
in from all sides large treasure, and to supply the many de- 
ficiencies that would have existed in an early and hasty 
publication. Instead, therefore, of a meagre and sterile 

230 Memoir of William Lincoln. 

compilation, he gave to the public in 1837, as the result of his 
long and patient toil, a goodly volume of nearly four hundred 
octavo pages, the contents of which were well considered 
and systematically arranged. It was a worthy offering of 
respect for his native town, and may be considered, both in 
its plan and execution, a model for town histories. It stands 
at the head of works of a class, by some indeed slightly 
valued, but containing much of the genuine ore out of which 
are to be wrought the more imposing volumes embracing 
the history of our beloved Commonwealth. 

Under a resolve of the legislature of Massachusetts, 
March 10, 1837, Governor Everett, by whose recommenda- 
tion the measure was adopted, was authorized to procure 
the publication of the Journals of each Provincial Congress 
of Massachusetts, and of such papers connected with those 
records as would illustrate the patriotic exertions of the 
people of the State in the Revolutionary contest. Mr. Lin- 
coln was selected by the governor as a suitable person for 
the undertaking, and with characteristic industry he imme- 
diately devoted himself to the task of preparing the Jour- 
nals for the press. In order to carry out the views of the 
Executive and of the legislature more fully, he prepared and 
sent to each town a detailed statement of what seemed to 
him necessary for the purpose of obtaining the entire narra- 
tive of municipal proceedings during the Revolution in those 
republican corporations, together with some of the numer- 
ous documents that lie scattered among the forgotten re- 
cesses of the families of that period. These, however, in 
the progress of his undertaking, were found to be too vo- 
luminous, and were not introduced into the publication. 
The volume was published in 1838, embracing the Journals 
of the Provincial Congress and of the Committee of Safety, 
the proceedings of the several county conventions, narra- 
tives of the events of 19th April, 1775, numerous papers 
relating to Ticonderoga and Crown Point, and other valua- 
ble Revolutionary documents, accompanied with notes illus- 
trative of the text, preceded by a full table of contents, and 
followed by a thorough index of twenty well-compacted 
pages. It is evident that a great amount of labor was ex- 
pended in the preparation of this compilation, which contains 
a fund of information concerning the large and generous 

Memoir of William Lincoln. ±\\ 

efforts and sacrifices made by the people of Massachusetts 
during the contests of the Revolution. It is prepared with 

entire fidelity, and demands the critical examination of the 
future historian of thai period. 

All the publications of Mr. Lincoln, it is believed, have 
now been mentioned, excepting sundry agricultural and legis- 
lative reports, an oration delivered at Worcester, July I, 
1816, produced at the age of fifteen out of the abundant 
patriotism that filled the youths of that period in our politi- 
cal existence, and numerous articles in the National JEgis, 
of which he was the editor from 1838 to 1841. His edito- 
rials were well considered and carefully written, and man} 
of them are of permanent value from the amount of statis- 
tical, historical, and other information they contain. In the 
palmy days of the lyceum, he was called upon for lectures 
and addresses, and contributed his full share to this species 
of popular entertainment. I am not aware, however, that 
any of them have been published. 

For several years Mr. Lincoln represented the town of 
Worcester in the General Court. He is remembered as 
an active and laborious member, particularly in the early pe- 
riod of his legislative career, possessing the confidence and 
esteem, not merely of his own political friends, but of those 
also who differed from him ; giving exact and enlightened 
attention to the duties of his situation, and maintaining a 
highly dignified and respectable position. The numerous 
reports that issued from his pen are marked by that spirit of 
faithful research which so generally characterized his labors. 

Mr. Lincoln was an early and efficient member of the 
American Antiquarian Society. He was chosen an asso- 
ciate within three years after leaving the University, and 
continued his constant and disinterested efforts to raise the 
society to an eminent distinction from that period through- 
out his life. The monthly meetings of the Council — that 
body in the society having the management of its chief con- 
cerns — bear testimony to his punctuality and assiduity. He 
w T as ever ready to spend and be spent in promoting its in- 
terests in every way that he could devise, and no one, I 
suppose, except the librarian, gave so much of his thoughts 
and of his time to its varied concerns. Indeed, he was the 
librarian for two years before Mr. Baldwin's election, and 

232 Memoir of William Lincoln. 

served also as corresponding secretary when the foreign 
and domestic departments were united, and after their di- 
vision as secretary of domestic correspondence. He was 
also a member of the Committee of Publication. In Janu- 
ary, 1832, he was elected a member of the Massachusetts 
Historical Society. 

Thus usefully did he fill up the measure of his days, — 
a long life, if we consider all that he accomplished, but short, 
when we remember that he was cut off in the midst of his 
years, in full intellectual strength and vigor, and with pur- 
poses, it may be hoped, of continuing useful in his genera- 
tion. But it was otherwise ordered. Misplaced confidence 
in another involved his estate, so that his last years were but 
too familiarly versed in perplexities, and clouds obscured the 
future. Through this, as a primary instrumentality, his path 
was encumbered, and though at times it was illumined with 
a brighter ray, the brave heart at last yielded, where it could 
not resist, and he went to his rest on the 5th of October, 
1843, in the forty-third year of his age. 

I first became acquainted with William Lincoln when he 
began his professional studies in Worcester, in the year 1822. 
There was a precision in his manner and conversation that 
struck me somewhat singularly, but not unpleasantly, at our 
first interview. It formed no barrier to intercourse, but w T as 
rather an incentive to it. The very gentlemanly quality of 
his bearing, and his strong good-sense and instructive con- 
versation at once drew me towards him, and we formed a 
friendship that continued without shade or diminution 
throughout his life. His character seems spread out before 
me like a map, on which I can trace all its headlands, the 
rise and course of its beneficent streams, and its diversified 
surface of sunshine and shadow, all distinctly marked out. 

Mr. Lincoln was a ripe scholar in various departments of 
learning. He had read and studied liberally and wisely, and 
the stores he treasured up were gathered not merely in the 
walks of his profession, but in the more diversified field of 
literature, and his conversation and writings were imbued 
with the results. This comprehensive culture imparted ful- 
ness to his resources, and refinement to his taste. He loved 
prose, I should say, better than poetry, while he was not 
neglectful of the latter, and occasionally indulged in that 

Memoir of William Lincoln. 233 

species of writing. He had) perhaps, no high poetical de- 
velopment and aim, or rather, it would be more just to say, 
that lie did not cultivate poetry so assiduously as to produce; 
those high results that would have followed upon ardent and 
persevering effort. 1 Ie certainly wrote classic verse, — such 
poetry as men of education and refinement elaborate from 
their good scholarship and chastened imagination. He was 
no mean proficient in the harmony of numbers, and might 
have written and published more to acceptance, if his pre- 
vailing inclination had been in that direction. I lis longest 
poem, which was to have been delivered at Lancaster in 
February, 1826, in commemoration of the destruction of 
that town in Philip's war, was omitted by reason of his ill- 
ness, and his modesty forbade its publication in his Maga- 
zine, with the prose address of Mr. Goodwin, delivered 
on the same occasion. In prose he wrote and published 
largely, as we have already seen, and here he shone as a clear 
and vigorous writer. His style, to some, has the appear- 
ance of effort, but it is in appearance wholly. There was 
the same precision and seeming care in framing his con- 
versation, but his conversation was simple and perspicuous, 
and he wrote as he conversed ; the apparent effort was 
merely the preparation of a ready and well-furnished mind. 
He wrote rapidly and corrected little. In conversation, for 
which he had a great relish, he was well furnished, and was 
an interesting and instructive companion. He possessed, 
also, an exceedingly pleasant vein of wit and humor, and 
could say very queer things in a sober manner. But his 
wit never gave offence, and his humor was confined to its 
proper subjects. He was too considerate of the feelings of 
others to wound them, and had too much self-respect to 
make the attempt. His mind was under good regulation 
and discipline, and was perfectly well balanced. Its leading 
qualities were judgment, independence, and discrimination. 
He was a clear thinker ; he never "resigned his right of 
thought." He gave to the subjects of his investigation their 
due proportion, and allowed no false colors to lead him astray. 
In a profession where a man of mere authorities, however 
learned, may err by relying upon false analogies, he was skil- 
ful to discern the right and the true. He could be relied 
upon for eliminating the true principle from a confused mass 

VOL. x. 30 

234 Memoir of William Lincoln. 

of adjudged cases, rejecting the false, establishing the real 
principle. Hence he was a safe and enlightened adviser. 
Few men at the Worcester bar stated their points, or rea- 
soned them out, with more clearness and precision. Incon- 
clusiveness and confusion had no part or lot with him. De- 
ferring to others so far as an honest and conscientious man 
may, his opinions, when deliberately formed, were his own, 
and were maintained, whenever the occasion required, with 
mingled dignity and courtesy, and with entire independence. 
Whenever you required an exercise of his judgment, you 
might feel sure that the subject submitted to it would re- 
ceive the most careful consideration, and the result would be 
carefully and freely given. The wisdom of his judgment 
saved him from the delusions of fine-spun speculations and 
loose and rash generalizations, which he saw were becom- 
ing rife in the community. It saved him, also, from being 
imposed upon by external considerations, by the outside 
glare of society, whereby so many are led captive to their own 
hurt. Discriminating nicely in character and weighing men 
by their worth, — charitable to the imperfections of others, 
and knowing how often they come from defective organiza- 
tion, or neglect, or bad influence, — respecting the opinions of 
others, so far forth as conscientiously formed, and perhaps 
even more tender towards them than they deserved, — he 
attached himself to his friends with hooks of steel, and justi- 
fied them as his choice treasure. He possessed a warm and 
affectionate heart, responsive to the calls of humanity and 
to the claims of friendship. He had emphatically a large 
heart, in the right place. Of an ardent temperament, he 
was strong in his friendships and strong in his dislikes ; not 
inveterate in the latter, nor unreasonable, but feeling indig- 
nation at wrong, from whatever quarter or eminence, and 
avoiding the alliance of any when the true man did not ap- 
pear. Of such he would not unnecessarily make enemies, 
but he would give them none of the opportunities of friend- 
ship. I never knew him to desert a friend, though he suf- 
fered long and bitterly from misplaced confidence. He 
would postpone himself he would make, and did make, 
in other instances, in hours of need, when friendship was 
something more than a name, — was worth something, — was 
real, — sacrifices that engraved his name on the heart as true 

Memoir of William Lincoln. 235 

to this character. Manifestly was this quality exhibited in 

his disinterestedness. Others saw it besides friends. The 
community around him knew and appreciated his generous 
nature, his devotion to the public, in giving his time, his 
knowledge, his opportunities, his talents, his labors, to what- 
ever might contribute to the healthful progress of society. 

Such is an imperfect view of the life and character of 
William Lincoln. His memory is frequently called up, his 
memorials are around me. I think of him in his happier 
hours, and scenes of enjoyment pass in review, that had their 
period and their delight, and are gone for ever. I think of 
him in his darker moments, when life had become sad, and 
my sorrow arises afresh that one so gifted, one who bade 
fair to run a long and prosperous course with his associates 
and friends, has gone down to the grave in the midst of 
his years, and with purposes half accomplished. 


Tn the 8th vol., p. 209, line 11, for " October," read "December." 

The General Court held at Boston on the 7th day of 8th mo. [October], 1641, 
was adjourned to the 10th day of the 10th mo.* [December], and the first volume 
of the Colony records concludes with the proceedings of this adjourned meet- 
ing. At the 'end of the volume are these words, in the handwriting of Governor 
Winthrop : — 

' ; At this Court the Bodye of Lawes formerly sent forth amonge the iTreemen 
&c. was voted to stand in force &c." 

This escaped the notice of the writer of the article on the Early Laws, be- 
cause, from the dilapidated state of the original volume, he did not think it right 
to handle it in searching for entries relating to the laws, but used for this pur- 
pose the ancient transcript, made about a hundred years ago under an order of 
the Legislature, now in the State Library, collating his extracts with the original 
for correction ; and it so happens, that the above entry is wholly omitted in this 
transcript, which is in other respects very incorrect. 

* Original record, p. 320. 




RICHARD FROTHINGHAM, Jr., Esq., Charlestown. 
Hon. DAVID SEARS, Boston. 
SYLVESTER JUDD, Esq., Northampton. 
THOMAS H. WEBB, M. D., Boston. 

Note. — The first volume of the Fourth Series will contain a complete list of 
Resident and Corresponding Members from the first institution of the Society to the 
time of the publication of that volume. 



I. Relating PARTICULARLY to the So- 

1. Lists of the Resident and Correspond- 
ing Members of tin- Society, i. 287 ; iii. 
408; v.299; ?ii.25; viii.4; ix.304; x.236. 

2. Officers of the Society, i. 292; vi. I; 

vii. 4 ; viii. 4 ; ix. 303 ; x. at the end. 

3. Donations to the Society, i. 205; ii. 
365; iii. 404; v. 291 ; vi. 294; vii. 292. 

4. Laws and Regulations of the Society, 
1833, iv.33l. 

5. Account of the Society, vii. 5. 

6. List of Portraits in the Hall of the 
Society, vii. 285. 

?. Letter from Alden Bradford, Esq., 
pointing oul errata in the printed volumes 
ot* the Society's Collections, vii. 296. 

8. fetters of Hon. Josiah Quincy, vi. 
283; ix. 1. 

0. Semicentennial Discourse, pro- 
nounced before the Society by Hon. John 
C. Palfrey, 1644, ix. 165. 

II. Voyages, &c. 

10. Extract from the Chronicle of Ber- 
naldez, giving an account of the discov- 
eries of Columbus, L513, viii. 5. 

11. Bartholomew Gosnold's Letter to 
his Father, 1602, viii. 70. 

12. Relation of Captain Bartholomew 
Gosnold's Voyage to America, 1602, viii. 72. 

13. Brereton's Account of Gosnold's 
Voyage, 1602, viii. 83. 

1 I. Tracts appended to Brereton's Ac- 
count, viii. 94. 

15. Hosier's Account of Waymouth's 
Voyage to Virginia, 1605, viii. 125. 

16. Christopher Levett'e Vovage to 
New England in 1623-1624, viii. 159. 

17. Account of Two Voyages to New; 
England. A Description of the Country,, 
&c. A Chronological Table, Ac, from! 
the first Discovering of the Continent of 

America to the Year 1673. By John Jos- 
aelyn, Gent., 10?."), iii. 211. 

III. History, &c. 

18. A Description of New England by 
Cant. John Smith, 1614-1616, vi. 95. 

10. Winthrop Papers, 1628-1734, ix. 
226; x. 1. 

20. Plymouth Company Accounts, 1628, 
i. J! >0. 

21. Letter from Rev. William Leigh to 
John Winthrop, 1628, ix. 226. 

22. Letter from John Winthrop to Sir 
William Springe, 1630, ix. 227. 

23. Letter from Rev. Henry Paynter to 
John Winthrop, Jr., ix. 231. 

24. Our Forefathers' Song, composed 
about the year 1630, vii. 29. 

25. Letters from John Humfrey to John 
Winthrop, Jr., 1631, ix. 232, 233. 

26 Letter from Francis Kirby to John 
Winthrop, Jr., 1631, ix. 237. 

27. Advertisements for the unexperi- 
enced Planters of New 7 England, or any 
where. Or, the Pathway to Experience 
to erect a Plantation. By Captaine John 
Smith, 1631, iii. 1. 

28. Letters of Henry Jacie to John 
Winthrop, Jr., representing the treatment, 
received by some of the Puritan ministers, 
from the bishops, insolence of Papists, Ac. , 
1631-1633, i. 235. 

29. Letter from Rev. Thomas Archis- 
den to Edward Howes, 1632, ix. 239. 

30. Letters from Edward Howes to John 
Winthrop, Jr., 1632, ix. 240-245. 

31. Letter from John Humfrev to John 
Winthrop, Jr., 1632, ix. 215. 

32. Letters from Francis Kirby to John 
Winthrop, Jr., 1632, ix. 246-252. 

33. Letter from John Humfrey to John 
Winthrop, Jr., 1632, ix. 252. 

34. Letters from Edward Howes to John 
Winthrop, Jr., 1633, ix. 252-258. 


General Table of Contents, 

35. Letters from Francis Kirby to John 
Winthrop, Jr., 1633, ix. 258-262. 

36. Letter from William Hilton to John 
Winthrop, Jr., 1633, ix. 262. 

37. Letters from Francis Kirby to John 
Winthrop, Jr., 1634, ix. 263-267. 

38. A Brief Narrative of that Part of 
New England called the Nanhiganset 
Country, 1634-1686, i. 209. 

39. Seven Letters of Roger Williams, 
six to John Winthrop, Sen., the seventh to 
John Winthrop, Jr., 1636-1648, i. 159. 

40. Letter from Rev. J. Davenport and 
Gov. Eaton to the Governor, &c, of Mas- 
sachusetts, 1638, iii. 165. 

41. Captain John Underbill's History of 
the Pequot War, 1638, vi. 1. 

42. P. Vincent's History of the Pequot 
War, 1638, vi. 29. 

43. Post-Office Department, — Extracts 
from the Records of the General Court, 
and Documents from the Massachusetts 
Archives, relating to this subject, fur- 
nished by J. B. Felt, 1639-1775, vii. 48. 

44. Hutchinson Papers, continued from 
Vol. X., Second Series, i. 1. 

45. Letter of Inhabitants of Providence, 
R. I., to the Governor and Assistants of 
Massachusetts, 1641, i. 1. 

46. Plain Dealing : or Newes from New- 
England. By Thomas Lechford. 1642, 
iii. 55. Note to the above work, iii. 397. 

47. Letter from Randall Holden to the 
General Court of Massachusetts, 1643, i. 5. 

48. Letter from Emmanuel Downing to 
John Winthrop, 1643, i. 15. 

49. Letter of John Haynes to John Win- 
throp, 1643, i. 229. 

50. Letter from Benjamin Hubbard to 
John Winthrop, 1644, i. 20. 

51 . Letter from Richard Andrewes to 
John Winthrop, 1645, i. 21. 

52. Letter from Thomas Peters to John 
Winthrop, 1645, i. 23. 

53. Letters from Roger Williams to John 
Winthrop, Jr., 1645-1651, ix. 268-294. 

54. Letter from William Pead to John 
Winthrop, 1646, i. 25. 

55. Letter from Rev. Ezekiel Rogers to 
John Winthrop, 1647, i. 26. 

56. Winslow's New-England's Salaman- 
der Discovered, or a Satisfactory Answer 
to many Aspersions cast upon New-Eng- 
land. An Answer to New England's Jo- 
nas cast up at London, 1647, ii. 110. 

57. Letter from Jane Motin, widow of 
Mons. D'Aulney to the Governors and 
Magistrates of New England, 1651, i. 28. 

58. Letter from Nathaniel Briscoe to 
Thomas Broughton, 1652, i. 32. 

59. Letter from the Governor and Coun- 
cil of Massachusetts to Sir Henry Vane, 
1652, i. 35. 

60. Letter from Rev. John Davenport to 
John Winthrop, Jr., 1653, ix. 294. 

61 . Letters from Roger Williams to John 
Winthrop, Jr., 1654, x. 1. 

62. Oliver Cromwell, Lord Protector's 
Order to Captaine John Leverett, Com- 
mander of the Forts lately taken from the 
French in America, 1655, vii. 122. 

63. Letter from Sir Kenelme Digby to 
John Winthrop, Jr , 1655, x. 5. 

64. Letters from Rev. John Davenport 
to John Winthrop, Jr., 1655, x. 6-10. 

65. Letter from Roger Williams to John 
Winthrop, Jr., 1655, x. 10. 

66. Letters from Rev. John Davenport 
to John Winthrop, Jr., 1655, x. 11 -15. 

67. Letter from Roger Williams to John 
Winthrop, Jr., 1656, x. 18. 

68. Letter of William Hooke to John 
Winthrop, Jr., April 13, 1657, i. 181. 

69. Sir Ferdinando Gorges's Description 
of New England, 1658, vi. 45. 

70. Letters from Rev. John Davenport 
to John Winthrop, Jr., 1658, 1659, x. 20 

71. Letter of John Maidston to John 
Winthrop, Jr., 1659, i. 185. 

72. Letter from Roger Williams to John 
Winthrop, Jr., 1660, x. 26. 

73. Letters from Rev. John Davenport 
to John Winthrop, Jr., 1660, x. 29-39. 

74. Letter from Roger Williams to John 
Winthrop, Jr., 1660, x. 39. 

75. Papers relating to Messrs. Whalley 
and GofFe, compiled by J. B. Felt, 1661 - 
1678, vii. 123. 

76. Letter from John Endicott, proba- 
bly to Lord Clarendon or the Earl of Man- 
chester, i. 51. 

77. Letter from William Brenton, to 
John Endecott, Governor, 1661, i. 54. 

78. Answer of Adventurers for the Car- 
rying on a Plantation in Charles River on 
the Coast of Florida, to a Paper sent to 
them by the Earl of Clarendon, 1663, i. 55. 

79. Censure of Petitioners to the Gen- 
eral Court, 1666, i. 59. 

80. Letters from Rev. John Davenport 
to John Winthrop, Jr., 1660, x. 42-46. 

81. Letter from Samuel Willis to John 
Winthrop, Jr., 1665, x. 56. 

82. Letter from Rev. John Davenport to 
John Winthrop, Jr., 1666, x. 58. 

83. Letter from the Governor and Coun- 
cil of Connecticut to Richard Bellingham, 
Governor of Massachusetts, 1666, x. 63. 

84. Letter from Charles Hill to John 
Winthrop, Jr., 1667, x. 66. 

85. Letter from Rev. Abraham Pierson 
to John Winthrop, Jr., 1667, x. 69. 

86. Letter from Robert Morris to John 
Winthrop, Jr., 1668, x. 70. 

87. Letter from Mrs. Mary Gold to. John 
Winthrop, Jr., 1669, x. 72. 

88. Letter from Bryan Rosseter to John 
Winthrop, Jr., 1669, x. 73. 

89. Declaration of the Commissioners of 

General Table of Contents. 


the United Colonics respecting Intrusion 
of the Rhode [eland People upon the In- 
dian Lands belonging to Connecticut. 
('one unc i ice of the General Court of Mas* 
saclnisctts, 1669, in. 209, 210. 

90. Letter from William Jones to John 
Winthrop, Jr., 1670, x. 77. 

91. L filers from Governor Francis Love- 
lace to John Winthrop, Jr., 1670, z.79, 80. 

92. Letter from John Winthrop, Jr., to 
Governor Lo\ elace, l<>7<), \. Bl. 

93. Letter to Colonel Goffe, from his 

wife, i. GO. 

94. Letter from tin' Governor and Coun- 
cil of Rhode Island to the Governor and 
Council "t" Connecticut, in relation to the 
defence of the Colonies against the Dutch, 
107 2, x. B2. 

95. Governor Winthrop's answer, 1072, 
x. 83. 

96. Letter of Samuel Willis and John 
"Winthrop, Jr., to Sir George Carteret, 1073, 
x. 84. 

97. Letter of John Winthrop, Jr., to 
Captain John Berry,1673, x. 85. 

98. Letter of Governor Lovelace to 
John Winthrop, Jr., 1673, x. c0. 

99. The Southampton Declaration, as to 
submission of towns on Long Island to the I 
Dutch, 107:5, x. 86. 

100. Letter of John Winthrop, Jr., to 
the Council of Connecticut, recommend- 
ing assistance to the inhabitants of Long I 
Island, x. &J. 

101. Letter from Captain Fitz-John 
Winthrop to Captain John Allyn, Secre- 
tary of Connecticut Colony, giving account 
of his defence of Long Island, 1073, x. 

102. Letter from the Governor and 
Council of Connecticut to Major Fitz- 
John Winthrop, 1074, x. 95. 

1U3. Letter from Governor Leverett to 
John Winthrop, Jr., 1674, x. 96. 

104. Letter from the Governor and 
Council of Massachusetts to the Governor 
and Council of Connecticut, 1074, x. 97. 

105. Letter from Captain Matthias Nic- 
olls to John Winthrop, Jr., 1674, x. 99. 

106. Letter from the Governor and 
Council of Massachusetts to the Governor 
and Council of Connecticut, 1674, x. 100. 

107. Letter from Governor Leverett to 
John Winthrop, Jr., 1674, x. 101. 

103. Letter from Captain Matthias Nic- 
olls to John Winthrop, Jr., 1674, x. 103. 

109. Letter from Governor Leverett to 
John Winthrop, Jr., 1674, x. 104. 

110. Letter from William Coddington, 
Governor of Rhode Island, to Governor 
Leverett, 1074, x. 106. 

111. Letter from John Sharpe to John 
Winthrop, Jr., 1674, x. 108. 

112. Letter from John Winthrop, Jr., to 
Hon. Robert Boyle, 1674, x. 110. 

1 13. Letter from John Winthrop, Jr., to 
Captain Matthias Nicolls, x. 111. 

111. Letter from Captain .Matthias Nic- 
olls to John Winthrop, Jr., 167-1, x. 

1 15. Letter from Sir Edmund Andros, 
Governor of .New York, to John Win- 
throp, Jr., 107.">, x. I 15. 

llti. Letter from Re v. John Davenport 
to John Winthrop, Jr., I07.">, x. LIS. 

1 17. Letter from Sir Edmund Andros 
to John Winthrop, Jr , 107.~>, x. 116. 

118. Letter from Count Front nac, re- 
specting Monsieur Chamble, Governor of 

Acadia, and others, prisoiu rs in Boston, 

L675, i. 64. 

1 l!>. Letter from John Knowles to John 
Lc\ erett, l(>7.~>, i. 62. 

120. Letter from John Knowles to John 
Leverett, 1075, i. 65. 

121. Josiah Winslow's Commission from 
the Commissioners of the United Colo- 
nies, in Philip's War, 1675, i. 60. 

122. Letter of Thomas Savage to John 
Leverett, relating to Philip's War, 1676, 
i. 68. 

123. Order in Council, relating to Ma- 
son and Gorges's Claim, 1677, viii. 238. 

124. Instructions from the Commission- 
ers of the Customs, &c, in England, to 
Edward Randolph, Collector, &c, in i\'e\v 
England, 1678, vii. 129. 

125. Letter of Charles II. to Massachu- 
setts in relation to Robert Mason's Claim, 
16-2. i. 72. 

126. Arguments against relinquishing 
the Charter, (probably 1683,) i. 74. 

127. Letter of Walter Clarke to Sir Ed- 
mund Andros, 1686, i. 81. 

128. Commission to Sir Edmund An- 
dros, Knight, Governor of New England, 
1686, vii. 139. 

129. Papers relative to his administra- 
tion, compiled by J. B. Felt, 1686-1689, 
vii. 150. 

130. John Talcott's Letter to Sir Ed- 
mund Andros, 1687, iii. 167. 

131. Appointment of Rev. William 
Hubbard to act as President of Harvard 
College, 1688, i. 83. 

132. Sir Edmund Andros's Account of 
the Forces raised in New England for De- 
fence of the Country against the Indians, 
&c, in 163S, and how they were posted at 
the Time of the Subversion of the Gov- 
ernment in April, 1689, i. 85. 

133. Account of an Attack by the In- 
dians upon Cocheca and Blue Point Garri- 
son, 1689, i.87-92. 

134. Letter of Major Benjamin Church 
to the Governor and Council of Massachu- 
setts, i. 91. 

1 35. A List of Representatives in the 
General Court of Massachusetts, from 
the Deposition of Sir Edmund Andros, 


General Table of Contents. 

in 1689, to the Commencement of the 
New Charter Government, in 1692, iv. 

136. A Brief Relation of New England 
to the Year 1689, i. 93. 

137. Declaration of Sylvanus Davis 
about his Captivity and the Treachery of 
Sir Edmund Andros, &c, 1690, i. 101. 

138. Treaty of Peace with the Eastern 
Indians, 1690, i. 112. 

139. Complaint of Meneual, Gov- 
ernor of Acadia, to the Governor and 
Council of New England, against Sir Wil- 
liam Phips, as to Property taken from him 
at Port Royal, 1690, i. 114. 

140. Proposals for an Expedition to Can- 
ada, x. 119. 

141. Letter from John Cotton, of Ply- 
mouth, to Rowland Cotton, 1691, i. 117. 

142. Petition to William III., i. 120. 

143. Reasons against sending a Govern- 
or to New England, i. 121. 

144. Proposals from the Governor and 
Council to and from Captain Kidd and 
Captain Walkington, i. 122, 123. 

145. Examination of Elizabeth Johnson 
and others, accused of Witchcraft, before 
Dudley Bradstreet, Justice of the Peace, 
1692, i. 124, 125. 

146. Political Fables of New England, 
i. 126-133. 

147. Higginson Letters, 1692 r- 1700, vii. 

148. Letter of John Nelson relating to 
an endeavour of the French to extend 
their limits to the River of Kennebeck, 
1698, i. 134. 

149. Q,ueen Anne's Instructions to Gov- 
ernor Josepb Dudley, 1702, ix. 101. 

150. Colonel Robert Quarry's Memori- 
al to the Lords Commissioners of Trade 
and Plantations, on the State of the Amer- 
ican Colonies, 1703, vii. 222. 

151. Memorial of Jeremiah Dummer, 
Agent, &c, to the English Government, 
shewing that the French Possessions on 
the River of Canada do originally and of 
right belong to the Crown of Great Britain, 
etc., 1709, i. 231. 

152. Letter from Jeremiah Dummer, 
Agent of Massachusetts in London, 1720, 
i. 139. 

153. Memoir of the Narraganset Town- 
ships granted by the General Court of Mas- 
sachusetts, 1728-1733, ii. 273. 

154. Address of the Ministers of Bos- 
ton to the Duke of Newcastle, 1737, ii. 

155. Journal of Mr. Christopher Gist, 
who accompanied Major George Wash- 
ington in his first visit to the French Com- 
mander of the Troops on the Ohio, 1753, 
v. 101. 

156. Journal of the Proceedings of the 
Congress held at Albany in 1754, for the 

purpose of Treating with the Six Nations 
of Indians and Concerting a Scheme of 
General Union of the British American 
Colonies, v. 5. 

157. Rev. Samuel Niles's History of the 
Indian and French Wars, 1760, vi. 154. 

158. Letter from Thomas Pownall to 
Governor Hutchinson, 1767, i. 14b. 

159. Instances of Longevity in New 
Hampshire, 1767-1825, ii. 295; 1796- 
1823, i. 155. 

160. Journal of the Treaty held at Al- 
bany, in August, 1775, with the Six Na- 
tions, by the Commissioners of the Twelve 
United Colonies, met in General Congress 
at Philadelphia, v. 75. 

161. Repeal of the Clause in the Act of 
the Assembly of Rhode Island excepting 
Roman Catholics from the Privileges of 
Freemen, 1783, v. 243. 

162. General Lincoln's Journal of a 
Treaty, held in 1793, with the Indian 
Tribes Northwest of the Ohio, v. 109. 

163. Account of Plymouth Colony Rec- 
ords, copied by order of the General Court 
in 1820, ii. 258. 

164. Letter of James Bowdoin, Esq., to 
Hon. James Savage, giving an Account of 
MS. Journals of the Long, Little, &c. Par- 
liaments, 1650 - 1678, belonging to the 
New York Historical Society, 1829, ii. 
323. ^ 

165. Letter of General Ebenezer Mat- 
toon, relating to General Lincoln's wound 
received near Saratoga in 1777, 1837, vi. 

166. Memoirs of the Pilgrims at Ley- 
den, by George Sumner, 1842, ix. 42. 

167. Gleanings for New England His- 
tory, by James Savage, 1842, viii. 243. 

168. Remarks on the Early Laws of 
Massachusetts Bay, with the Code adopt- 
ed in 1641, and called The Body of Lib- 
erties, now first printed, by F. C. Gray, 
1843, viii. 191 ; x. 235. 

169. Discourse of Hon. John Q,uincy 
Adams on the New England Confederacy 
of 1643, 1843, ix. 189. 

170. More Gleanings for New England 
History, by Hon. James Savage, President 
of the Massachusetts Historical Society, 
1848, x.,127. 

IV. Ecclesiastical History, &c. 

171. Model of Christian Charity, by 
Governor Winthrop, 1630, vii. 31. 

172. Marmaduke Mathewes's Defence, 
1651, i. 29. 

173. Petition of the Church and Town 
of Woburn, 1653, i. 38. 

174. Letter of Michael Powel to the 
Governor and Magistrates, 1653, i. 45. 

175. Report of Committee appointed by 

General Table of Contents. 


the General Court to inquire concerning 
the Maintenance of the Ministers in the 
County of Suffolk, 1657, 1. 49. 

170 The Christian Commonwealth, or 

the Civil Policy of the Rising Kingdom 
of JesUS Christ, hy Rev. John Eliot, 1001, 
ix. 127. 

177. Letter from Kev. John Davenport 
to John Winthrop, Jr., 1000, r. 59. 

176. Charlestovvn Cliurch Affairs, 1077, 
1076, i. 248. 

179. Memoir of French Protestants set- 
tled at Oxford, 10-0, ii. 1. 

I -it. Proclamation lor Fast, January 
30th, 1688, i. 63. 

I -I. Appointment of a Committee to 
receive Contributions to the ('lunch of 
England, 1066, i. 64. 

L82. Extracts, &c., from the Records of 
the Church in Danvers, relating to Salem 
Witchcraft, hy J. B. Felt, 1069- 10 ( J4, iii. 

183. Address of Episcopalians (of Bos- 
ton) to William 111., complaining of 
the suhversion of Sir E. Andros's Gov- 
ernment, and petitioning that a Governor 
and Council may he appointed hy the 
King, vii. L92. 

164. Letter from Secretary Willard to 
Mr. Whitefield, 1744, i. I 17." 

185. Churches and Ministers in New 
Hampshire. By John Farmer. (Contin- 
ued from Vol. X. Second Series, p. 50.) 
i. 153 ; ii. 299 ; iii. 163; iv.292. 

V. Biography and Character. 

ISO. Two Letters of Rev. Hugh Peter, 
one to John Winthrop, Jr., the other to 
Charles Gott, 1054, i. 179. 

167. Letter from Rev. John Davenport 
to John Winthrop, Jr., 1054, ix. 297. 

166. Letter of Peter Bulkeley to Mr. 
Endicott, Governor, &c., 1055, i. 47. 

169. Letter from Edward Wigglesworth 
to John Winthrop, Jr., ix. 290. 

190. Letter of Samuel Epps to Fitz-John 
Winthrop, 1073, x. 89. 

191. Address of Condolence to Gov. 
Talcott of Connecticut, on the Death of 
his Wife, i. 240. 

192. His Answer, i. 248. 

193. Letter of Cotton Mather to Hon. 
JohnSaffin, 1710, i. 137. 

194. Recommendation of John Win- 
throp, Esq., to the Royal Society, 1733, 
x. 122. 

195. Vote of Thanks of the Royal So- 
ciety to John Winthrop, Esq., 1734, x. 

196. Autobiography of the Rev. John 
Barnard, 1700, v. 177. 

1!)7. MemoirofGamaliel Bradford, Esq.. 
who dud m 1-24, i. 202. 

198. Memoir of William Jones Spoon- 
er, Esq., 1824, i. 265. 

199. Memoir of the Hon. Christopher 
Gore, of Waltham, Mass., who died March 
I, L829, in. L91. 

2ii(). Memoir of Samuel Davis, Esq., 
L829, v. 253. 

201. Biographical Notice of the late 
Hon. Dudley A. Tyng, ii. 280. 

202. Memoir of Rev. John Allyn, D.D., 
hy Comers Francis, v. 245. 

203. Memoir of Rev. Ezra Shaw Good* 
win, 1833, v. 282. 

204. Memoir of James Bowdoin, L833, 
ix. 224. 

205. Memoir of Kev. James Freeman, 
D. D., hy F. VV. P. Greenwood, 1635, v. 

200. Memoir of Rev. John Hale, fust 
Minister of Beverly, 1635, vii. 255. 

207. Memoir of Rev. John Prince, 
LL. D., hy Charles W. Upham, 1830, v. 

208. Letter from Col. Juan Galindo 
to lion. Thomas L. Winthrop, 1837, vi. 

209. Memoir of Rev. Abiel Holmes, 
D.D., 1837, vii. 270. 

210. Memoir of Isaac Allerlon, 1838, 
vii. 243. 

211. Letter of Judge Davis respecting 
the same, 1838, vii. 301. 

212. Memoir of Gamaliel Bradford, 
M. D., by Con vers Francis, 1839, ix.75. 

213. Biographical Sketch of Lion Gar- 
diner, 1842, x. 173. 

214. Memoir of William Lincoln, by Jo- 
seph Willard, 1843, x. 220. 

215. Notice of the Life of Hon. Lever- 
ett Saltonstall, 1845, ix. 117. 

210. Memoir of James Grahame, LL. D., 
by Josiah Quincy, 1845, ix. 1. 

217. Memoir of Hon. John Davis, 
LL. D., by Convers Francis, D. D., 1847, 
x. 180. 

218. Memoir of Hon. John Pickering, 
LL. D., by William H. Prescott, Esq., 
1847, x. 204. 

VI. Genealogy. 

219. Genealogical Notices of Early Set- 
tlers in New England from the County of 
Suffolk [Eng.], by Rev. Joseph Hunter, of 
London, a Member of the Mass. Ilist.Soc. 
and F. S. A., x. 147. 

VII. Relating to the Indians. 

220. Instructions from the Massachu- 
setts to John Winthrop, Esq., First Gov- 
ernor of Connecticut, to treat with the 
Pequots, 1030, iii. 129. 

VOL. X. 



General Table of Contents. 

221. Letter from Roger Williams to 
John Winthrop, Jr., 1637, ix. 299. 

222. Lion Gardener's Relation of the 
Pequot War, in 1637, iii. 131. 

223. Relation of a Conspiracy of the 
Sachem of the Naragansets and other Sa- 
chems for the Destruction of the English, 
1642, iii. 161. 

224. Deed of Sale of an Indian Man, 
called Hope, 1647, i. 27. 

225. Letters from Roger Williams to 
John Winthrop, Jr., 1647 - 1651, ix. 269 - 

226. Tracts relating to the Attempts to 
convert to Christianity the Indians of New 
England, viz. : — 

227. The Day-Breaking, if not the Sun- 
Rising of the Gospel with the Indians in 
New England, 1647, iv. 1. 

228. The Clear Sun-shine of the Gos- 
pel breaking forth upon the Indians in 
New England. By Rev. Thomas Shep- 
ard, 1648, iv. 25. 

229. The Glorious Progress of the Gos- 
pel, amongst the Indians in New England. 
Manifested by three Letters, under the 
Hand of that famous Instrument of the 
Lord Mr. John Eliot, and another from 
Mr. Thomas Mayhew, Jr., 1649, iv. 69. 

230. The Light appearing more and 
more towards the perfect Day. Published 
by Rev. Henry Whitfield, late of Gilford, 
1651, iv. 100. 

231. Strength out of Weaknesse ; or a 
Glorious Manifestation of the further Prog- 
resse of the Gospel among the Indians in 
New-England. Published by Henry Whit- 
field, 1652, iv. 149. 

232. Tears of Repentance : Or, A fur- 
ther Narrative of the Progress of the Gos- 
pel amongst the Indians in New England. 
Related by Mr. Eliot and Mr. Mayhew, 
1653, iv. 197. 

233. A Late and Further Manifestation 
of the Progress of the Gospel amongst the 
Indians in New-England. Related by Mr. 
John Eliot, 1655, iv. 261. 

234. Letter from John Winthrop, Jr., to 
Col. Richard Nicolls, 1665, x. 54. 

235. Letter from Capt. George Denison 
to John Winthrop, Jr., 1666, x. 64. 

236. Letter from James Noyes to John 
Winthrop, Jr., 1667, x. 67. 

237. Letter from Fitz-John Winthrop to 
John Winthrop, Jr., 1674, x. 112. 

238. Letter from Henry Stephens to 
John Winthrop, Jr., 1675, x. 117. 

239. Letters from Daniel Witherell to 
John Winthrop, Jr., 1675, x. 118, 119. 

240. Petition of Increase Mather and 
others, to the Governor and Council, for 
Aid in Conversion of the Indians in the 
Eastern Parts to Christianity, 1693, i. 

241. Cotton's Vocabulary of the Massa- 

chusetts (or Natick) Indian Language, 
1707-1708, ii. 147. 

242. An Account of the Captivity of 
Hugh Gibson among the Delaware Indi- 
ans from 1756 to 1759, vi. 141. 

243. Letter of Gideon Hawley to Lieu- 
tenant-Governor Hutchinson, — Account 
of the Longevity of Indians, 1770, i. 150. 

244. Letter from Col. George Morgan 
to General Washington, inclosing the 
Lord's Prayer in Shawanese, 1789, v. 286. 

245. Vocabulary of Words in the Lan- 
guage of the Quoddy Indians. By the 
Rev. Elijah Kellogg, 1822, iii. 181. 

246. Notice of Orono, a Chief at Pe- 
nobscot. By William D. Williamson, 

1838, ix. 82. 

247. Account of Three Tribes of East- 
ern Indians. By William D. Williamson, 

1839, ix. 92. 

VIII. Topography, Statistics, and 
Local History. 


248. French Inhabitants between the 
River Penobscot and St. Croix, May 11th, 
1688,. i. 82. 

New Hampshire. 

249. Bill of Mortality for Amherst, 1815 
-1826, ii. 298. 


250. Memoranda of Beverly, 1630- 
1679, vii. 250. 

251. Expenses of Courts, 1643, i. 16. 

252. A Word to Boston, by Governor 
William Bradford, vii. 27. 

253. Answer of Simon Bradstreet to his 
Majesty's Privy Council, as to the Statis- 
tics of Massachusetts, 1680, viii. 330-340. 

254. Votes for Magistrates in Massachu- 
setts, 1692, x. 120. 

255. Account of the Town of Boston, 
taken December 14, 1742, i. 152. 

256. Bill of Mortality for Boston, 1818 
-1824,1.278; 1825-1832, iv. 321; 1833 
-1835, v. 288; 1836, vi. 285 ; 1837, vii. 

257. History and Description of Cohas- 
set, 1821, ii. 84. 

258. Account, of Documents, Coins, &c, 
placed under the Corner-stone of the 
Branch Bank of the United States, Bos- 
ton, Jan. 22, 1825, i. 271. 

Nova Scotia. 

259. Papers relative to the rival Chiefs 
D'Aulney and La Tour, Governors of 

(I aw nil Tabic of Conic tils. 


Nova Scotia, prepared by J. B. Felt, 1643 

-166^, vii. 90. 

IX. iN'.v n ltvi. History , & < . 

260. Letter of Sir Kenelme Digby to 
John Winthrop, Jr., Ki.")(i, x. 15. 

261. Letter from Rev. John Davenport 
to John Winthrop, Jr.. L658, \. 19. 

262. Letter from Henry Oldenburg, Sec- 
retarj ofthe Royal Society to John Win- 
throp, Jr., 1664, x. 47. 

2(>:5. Letters of Samuel Hutchinson to 
John Winthrop, Jr., LG65, x. 49. 

264. Letter of Philip Carterel to John 
Winthrop, Jr , L665, \. 51 . 

265. Letter of John Winthrop, Jr. to 
Philip Carteret, L665, \. 52. 

•J(i(). John Plumme's Description of a 
Falling Star which he saw, 1665, x. r>7. 

1267. Letter from Rev. Thomas Shepard 
of Charlestown to Jolin Winthrop, Jr., 
1661), x. 70. 

268. Letter from George Heathcote to 
John Winthrop, Jr., L669, \. 76. 

269. Letter frera William Jones to John 
Winthrop, Jr., 1670, \. 77. 

270. Letter from John Winthrop, Jr. to 
Lor.l Brereton, L670, x. 123. 

*J71. Letter from Ileins ( Hdenburg to 
John Winthrop, Jr., L671, x. 124 

272. Letter from Roger \\ illiame to 
John Winthrop, Jr., 1617, ix. 268. 

X. Fink Arts. 

273. Description of some ofthe .Medals 

struck in Relation to Important Events in 
.North America, before and .-nice the Dec- 
laration of Independence hv the United 

States. By James Mease, M. I)., iv. 207. 

274. Description of American Medals. 
By J. Francis Fisher, of Philadelphia, vi. 

277). Description of Old American Coins, 
vii. 2d2. 


[Note. The figures refer to the numbers in the preceding Table of Contents.] 

Adams, John Q., 169. 
Adventurers to Florida, 78. 
Alden, Timothy, 242. 
Andre vves, Richard, 51. 
Andros, Edmund, 115, 117, 132. 
Archer, Gabriel, 12. 
Archisden, Thomas, 29. 


Bacon, Leonard, 210. 
Barnard, John, 196. 
Bernaldez, Andres, 10. 
Bowdoin, James, 164. 
Bradford, Alden, 7, 197. 
Bradford, William, 252. 
Bradstreet, Dudley, 145. 
Bradstreet, Simon, 253. 
Brenton, William, 77. 
Brereton, John, 13. 
Briscoe, Nathaniel, 58. 
Bulkeley, Peter, 188. 

Carteret, Philip, 264. 
Church, Benjamin, 134. 
Clarke, Walter, 127. 
Coddington, William, 110. 
Commissioners of the United Colonies, 89, 

Connecticut, Governor and Council of, 83, 

Connecticut, Representatives of, 191. 
Cotton, John, of Plymouth, 141. 
Cotton, Josiah, 241. 
Cromwell, Oliver, 62. 

D., J., 229. 

Davenport, John, 40, 60, 64, 66, 70, 73,80, 

82, 116, 177, 187, 261. 
Davis, John, 211. 
Davis, Sylvanus, 137. 
De Meneual, , Governor of Acadia, 

Denison, George, 235. 
Digby, Sir Kenelme, 63, 260. 

Downing, Emmanuel, 48. 
Dummer, Jeremiah, 151, 152. 


Eaton, Theophilus, 40. 

Eliot, John, 176, 227,229, 232, 233. 

Endicott, John, 76. 

Epps, Samuel, 190. 

Farmer, John, 135, 153, 185, 249. 

Felt, Joseph B., 43, 75, 129, 182, 259. 

Fisher, J. Francis, 274. 

Flint, Jacob, 257. 

Francis, Convers, 202, 203, 212, 217. 

Frontenac, Monsieur, 118. 


Galindo, Juan, 208. 
Gardener, Lion, 222. 
Gardiner, Alexander, 213. 
Gist, Christopher, 155. 
GofFe, Mrs., 93. 
Gold, Mary, 87. 
Gorges, Sir Ferdinando, 69. 
Gosnold, Bartholomew, 11. 
Gray, Francis C, 168. 
Greenwood, F. W. P., 205. 


Harris, Thaddeus M., 6. 
Hawley, Gideon, 243. 
Haynes, John, 49. 
Heathcote, George, 268. 
Hewes, Samuel H., 256. 
Higginson, John, 147. 
Hill, Charles, 84. 
Hilton, William, 36. 
Holden, Randall, 47. 
Holmes, Abiel, 161, 179. 
Hooke, William, 68. 
Howes, Edward, 30, 34. 
Hubbard, Benjamin, 50. 
Humfrey, John, 25, 31, 33. 
Hunter, Joseph, 219. 
Hutchinson, Samuel, 263. 

Index of Authors. 


Jacie, Henry, 28 
Jenkins, L., L24. 
Jenks, WilHam, 5. 209. 
Jun.s, William, 90, 269. 
Josselvn. John. 17. 

Kellogg, Elijah, 245. 
Kid, Captain, 144. 
Kirby, Francis, 26, 32, 35, 37. 
Knowles, John, L19, 120. 

Lechfbfd, Thomas, 46. 
Leigh, William, 21. 
Leverett, John, LOS, 107, 109. 
\.v\ fit, Christopher, 16. 
Lincoln, Benjamin, 162. 
Lovelace, Francis, 91, 98. 
Lowell, John, 201. 


Maidston, John, 71. 

Massachusetts, Governor and Council 

59, 104, 106, 144, 220. 
Mather, Cotton, 193. 
Mathewes, Marmaduke, 172. 
Mattoon, Ebenezer, 16&. 
Mayhew, Thomas, Jr., 229,232. 
Mease, James, '-273, 275. 
Merrill, Benjamin, 215. 
Merrill, James C, 204. 
Morgan, George, 2-14. 
Morris, Robert, 86. 
Motin, June, widow of D'Aulnev, 57. 


Nelson, John, 148. 
Nichols, Benjamin II., 163. 
Njcolls, Maltlnas, 105, 108, 114. 
Niles, Samuel, 157. 
Noyes, James, 236. 


Oldenburg, Llenry, 262, 271. 

Palfrey, John G., 9. 
Paj nter, Henry, 23. 

Trail, William, 54. 
Perkins, T. II., 258. 
Peter, Hugh, 186. 


Plumme, John, 266. 
Powel, Michael, 11 I 
Pownall, Thomas, 158 
Prescott, \\ illiam II., 218 
Pro\ idence, Inhabitants <>!', 45 

(imii.-y, Josiah, 8, 216. 
Quarry, Robert, 150. 

Rantoul, Robert, 206, 250. 

Rhode Island, Governor and Council of, 

Ripley, Samuel, 199. 
Rogers, Ezekiel, 55. 
Rosier, James, l">. 
Rosseter, Bryan, 88. 

Savage, James. 167, 170. 

Savage, Thomas, 1.22, 175. 

Sharpe, John, 111. 

Shepard, Thomas, of Cambridge, 228. 

Shepard, Thomas, of Charlestown, 267. 

Smith, John, 18, 27. 

Southampton, Inhabitants of, 99. 

Stephens, Henry, 238. 

Sumner, George, 166. 

Talcott, John, 130, 192. 


Underhill, John, 41. 

Unknown, 24, 38, 78, 126, 136, 146, 160, 

200, 223. 
Upham, Charles W., 207. 

Peters, Thomas, 52. 
Pierson, Abraham. 85 

Vincent, P., 42. 



Whitfield, Henry, 230,231. 

Wigglesworth, Edward, 189. 

Willard, Joseph, 214. 

Willard, Josiah, 1>1. 

Williams, Roger, 39, 53, 61, 65,67,72,74, 

221 225 272. 
Williamson, William D., 246, 247. 
Willis, Samuel, 81,96. 
Winslow, Edward, 56. 
Winthrop, Fitz-John, 101, 237. 
Winthrop, John, 22, 171. 
Winthrop, John, Jr., 92, 95, 97, 100, 112, 

113,234,265, 270. 
Witherell, Daniel, 239. 


Index of Authors. 



Aberdeen, Lord, viii. 342. 
Adams, John, vi. 155. 
Addington, Isaac, i. 89. 
Allen, Thomas, iv. 194. 
Almack, Richard, viii. 296. 
Andros, Edmund, vii. 165, 177, 183. 


Bellamont, Lord, ii. 65. 
Berkeley, George, ii. 73. 
Bernon, Gabriel, ii. 64, 67, 69-72. 
Bessey, Anthoney, iv. 184. 
Bondet, D., ii. 61. 
Bowdoin, James, iii. 397. 
Boys, William, viii. 273. 
Brewster, Nathaniel, viii. 296. 

Campbell, Duncan, vii. 56, 57. 
Campbell, John, vii. 63, 66, 80. 
Campbell, Thomas, vii. 58. 
Caryl, Joseph, iv. 265. 

Charnizay, , vii. 114. 

Chasseloup, P., ii. 66. 
Clark, John, viii. 289. 
Conant, Roger, vii. 252. 
Cooper, William, vii. 89. 
Crisp, Richard, vii. 157. 
Cromwell, Oliver, vii. 122. 


Dana, Samuel, ii. 258. 
Davenport, John, viii. 327. 

D'Aulney, , vii. 91, 92, 102, 108. 

Delancey, James, v. 55. 

De la Tour, , vii. 96. 

De Saint Mas, — , vii. 116. 

Douglas, William, vii. 157. 
Downinge, Emmanuel, viii. 324. 
Dudley, J., ii. 66. 


Eliot, John, iv. 49, 119, 130-145, 165 

175; ix. 128. 
Endecott, John, iv. 189; vii. 99, 119. 
Everett, Edward, viii. 341. 

Farmer, J., ii. 271. 


II1CI , J ., 11. IQ4 X. 

- Jsom, George, vii. 31. 
Franklin, Benjamin, v. 70. 
French, William, iv. 192. 


Gore, Christopher, iii. 207. 
Gould, John, vii. 153. 


Hakluyt, Richard, viii. 104. 

Hale, John, vii. 257. 

Hatcher, Henry, x. 134. 

Haulsey, Isaac, vii. 187. 

Hayes, M. Edward, viii. 95. 

Herriot, Thomas, viii. 117. 

Higginson, Rev. John, vii. 198, 201, 206, 

Higginson, John, vii. 197, 202, 204, 205, 

208, 211, 217. 
Higginson, Nathaniel, vii. 214. 
Hunter, Joseph, viii. 298. 

Lake, Thomas, vii. 120. 
Laudonniere, Rene, viii. 116. 
Leverich, William, iv. 180. 
Lincolne, Thomas, viii. 283. 


Mace, Samuel, viii. 94. 

Maine, John, vii. 176. 

Marshall, H., vii. 85. 

Massachusetts, Governor and Council of, 

vii. 99, 116. 
Mather, Richard, iv.217. 
Maverick, Samuel, vii. 119. 
Mayhew, Thomas, iv. 109, 185. 
Mease, James, v. 101. 
Motin, Jane, widow of D'Aulney, vii. 115. 


Nicholas, Edward, vii. 123. 
Noyes, Nicholas, vii. 212. 

Piggott, Solomon, viii. 307. 
Pike, Robert, i. 89. 

Pilkington, Colonel -, v. 176. 

Prescott, William H., viii. 5. 


Randolph, Edward, vii. 154, 164, 173. 
Ratstock, Joshua, vii. 186. 
Rowdon, Elizabeth, vii. 181. 

Scottovv, Joshua, vii. 119. 

Editors' Notes. 


Sigournry, L. Huntley, ii. 82. 
Steele, William, iv. l§5. 

Stephens, lit in \ , x. I 10. 
S\ monds, Samuel, i. 30. 

Temple, T., viii. 325. 

T) ng, Edward, vii. 169. 

Usher, John, vii. 178. 

Vassall, Samuel, viii. 294. 


Waldron, Richard, Jr., i. 87. 
\\ alton, \\ illiam, in 277. 
\\ ard, Nathaniel, iv. 2; viii 216. 
Washington, ( ieorge, viii. 345 - 3 
Weld, Joseph, vii. 105. 
Wiggin, Thomas, viii. 320 324 
WiUard, Josiah, vii 86 

Williams, W. T., in. 209. 

Williamson, William I)., IX. 92. 

Wilson, John, iv. 176. 
Winthrop, Adam, x. 152. 
Winthrop, John, Jr., ix. 289,291. 
Winthrop, Stephen, vii. 105. 


Bowdoin, James, ix. 231, 237,240. 

Bradford, Alden, ii. 279. 

1). J., ii. 147. 

Felt, Joseph B., vii. 48, 90, 100, 126, 129, 

138, 149, 150, 162, 249, 262. 
Gray, Francis C, \. 235. 

Mease, James, v. 102, 103, 104. 
Pickering, John, ii. 148. 
R., iii. 209. 

Savage, James, i. 1, 27, 44, 62, 159, 185, 
228, 231, 235 ; vii. 32 ; ix. 301 ; x. 72. 



[Note. — The Year begins with the first day of January.] 

A. M. 3720 to A. D. 1673. Chronological 
Observations of America, by John 

A.D. Josselyn, iii. 355. 

1121, Sept. The Church of St. Peter, the 
oldest in Ley den, consecrated, ix. 71. 

1492, Sept. Christopher Columbus sails 
from Palos, on his first voyage, dis- 
covers the island of San Salvador, 
viii. 8. 

1493, March 23. Arrives, on his return, 
at Palos, viii. 14. 

Sept. 22. Sails, on his second voy- 
age, from Cadiz, with seventeen ves- 
sels, viii. 15. 

1494, May. Alexander VI., Pope of Rome, 
grants to Ferdinand and Isabella of 
Spain all the lands west of a line 
drawn from the south pole one hun- 
dred leagues west of the Azores and 
Cape de Verd Islands, ix. 201. 

1506, May. Christopher Columbus dies, 
viii. 68. 

1550, Dec. 15. By a treaty between Ma- 
ry, Queen of Scotland, and Charles 
V. of Germany, Scotch merchants, 
while in the Netherlands, are allowed 
all the rights and privileges of the 
Dutch themselves, ix. 63. 

1559. The Confession of Faith of the 
Reformed Churches of France re- 
ceived and enacted by their first Na- 
tional Synod, in the city of Paris, 
ii. 5. 

1560. Admiral Coligny petitioned the 
king for the free exercise of their re- 
ligion. He was the first nobleman in 
all France who dared to profess him- 
self a Protestant, ii. 6. 

1562. Admiral Coligny attempts to settle 
a colony of French Protestants in 
America, ii. 6. By his influence, an 
attempt had been made by the French 
Protestants, with those of" Geneva, to 
settle a colony at Brazil. This year 

he sent over a small number of Prot- 
estants to Florida, who built a fort 
near Port Royal in South Carolina, 
but soon returned to France. The 
attempt was renewed about two years 
after, but his colony were principally 
massacred, ii. 7. 

Nov. 12. Adam Winthrop, proba- 
• bly the grandfather of Gov. Winthrop, 
buried, viii. 297. 

1572, Aug. 24, St. Bartholomew's Day. 
Admiral Coligny the first victim, ii. 
9, 10. 70,000 Protestants massacred 
in eight days, ii. 11. Considered as 
a fit subject of joy and triumph at 
Rome, ii. 13. 

1589. Henry III. of France assassinated, 
succeeded by Henry IV., ii. 16. Pro- 
tected the Protestants until his death, 
ii. 17. 

1591 , April. Roger Conant born, vii. 254. 

1598, April 13. The Edict of Nantes 
signed by Henry IV., ii. 16. 

1600. Canada, or Nova Francia, settled 
by the French, i. 232. 

1602. Bartholomew Gosnold (first mover 
of the permanent plantation of Vir- 
ginia in 1606, viii. 69) settles on the 
west part of "Elizabeth's Island," 
viii. 77. Planters diminishing, returns 
to England, viii. 81. 

1603. James VI. of Scotland ascends the 
English throne, vi. 49. 

1605. Capt. George Weymouth makes 
a voyage " in the discovery of the land 
of Virginia," viii. 125. 

1606. L'Acadie settled by the French, i. 

Capt. Henry Challoung [Challons] 
sent by Sir Ferdinando Gorges to set- 
tle in New England, vi. 51. Is taken 
and carried into Spain, vi. 52. 

The royal authority obtained for 
settling two plantations upon the 

Chronological Tabic 


coasts oi" America, by the names of 
the First and Second Colon) , vi ' :; 

1607, Maj 31. Capt. Popham, as Presi- 
dent of the Second Colony , v» itfa Capt 
Raleigh Gilbert - and divers other 
gentlemen of note in thre« ships, with 
• «iii- hundred landmen," leave the 
coast of England, and arrive at their 
rendezvous the 8th of August follow- 
ing, vi. 54. 

1608. In 1 1 1 1 -r spring of this year, Gov. 
Bradford and others of the Pilgrims 
arrive at Amsterdam, and at the end 
of this or beginning of the next year 
remove to Lej den. i \. 45. 

Manadaes or .Manalianent discov- 
ered by .Mr. Hudson, and sold by him 
to the Dutch, iii. 313. 

L 609, June 2. Sir '1 nomas Gates, Sir Geo. 
Somers, and others, leave England 
"to repossess tin; parts of Virginia," 
vi. .")'.?. 

The Church at Leyden formed, 
Robert Durie pastor, ix. I'd. 

1610, .May 11. Henry IV. of France as- 
sassinated, ii. 17. 

Kill. The Dutch begin to plant at Ma- 
nadaes and call it New Netherlands, 
iii. 313. 

April. Capt. John Smith, with two 
-hips from London, arrives at the Isle 
of Monahiggan in .New England, in 
I ::.'.• of northerly latitude, vi. 103. 
Gives a description of New England, 
Florida, and Virginia, vi. J04. (His 
map in Vol. III.) 

Hill- 1630. Proceedings of New Eng- 
land in tishing and planting during 
this period, description of the coast, 
harbours, habitations, &c., by Capt. 
John Smith, iii. 1. 

1615, Oct. Sir Richard Hakings [Haw- 
kins] receives a commission and in- 
structions as President of the Second 
Colony upon the coasts of America; 
leaves England, vi. 61. 

1620, July 23. Sir Thomas Coventry, So- 
licitor-General, required to prepare 
a patent for incorporation of " the 
Adventurers of the Northern Colony 
in Virginia," vi. 64. This patent, 
dated Nov. 3, 1620, is the Great Char- 
ter of New England, and the founda- 
tion of all grants made within its ter- 
ritory. The adventurers were incor- 
porated by the style of "The Council 
established at Plymouth in the Coun- 
ty of Devon, for the planting, ruling, 
ordering, and governing of New Eng- 
land in America," vi. 65. Sir Ferdi- 
nand') Gorges, the procurer of this 
patent, was the next year, 1621, called 
to answer at the bar of the House of 
Commons, the patent heing com- 
plained of as a grievance of the com- 

VOL. X. 

monwealth and a monopoly, \ i. 66 
To winch Sir Perdinando an 

licit H w ;i» " for the ad\ ane. mini 

of religion, tin enlargement of the 

bounds of our nan. .ii, the increase of 

trade, and the emplo) meiit of man) 
thousands of all BOrtS of people, VI. 

1620. Settlers arrive at New Plymouth, 
v.. 73. 

John Carver, Governor of Ply- 
mouth, ii. 266. 
162D- 16-'.'. A Brief Relation of the 
Plantation of New England, from the 

founding of that Plantation to the 
War 1689, i. 93. 

1621. L'Acadie or New Scotland, or Nova 
Sena, grant* d to Sir William Alex- 
ander by James I. of England, i .233 ; 
vii. 90. 

1021 - 1632, and several subsequent years. 
William Bradford Governor ol Ply- 
mouth, ii. 266. 

1623. Christopher Levett, one of the 
Council of New England, makes a 
voyage to New England, viii. !•">'.>. 
Stays about a month at Mr. Thomson's 
plantation, meets with the Governor 
there, viii. 164. Builds a house at 
York, viii. 171. 

A granl is made hy the Council es- 
tahlished at Plymouth, in the county 
of Devon, to John Pierce, in trust for 
the Colony of New Plymouth, vi. 73. 
Dec. 30. Patent granted hy the 
Council lor the Atl'airs of New Eng- 
land to Capt. Robert Gorge--, vi. 75. 

162."), .March 27. Accession of Charles I. 
to the throne of Great Britain, iii. 375. 
John Robinson dies at Leyden, 
ix. 54. 

Roger Conant, at Cape Ann, super- 
intendent of the fishing and planting 
of the Dorchester company, vii. 254. 

1626. Roger Conant and others remove 
from Cape Ann to Salem. Owing to 
his firmness, resolution, and perse- 
verance, the settlement of Salem is 
maintained until the arrival of Gov. 
Endicott in 1628, vii. 254. 

1627-1628. The French expelled from 
both sides of the River of Canada 
by Sir David Kirk, i. 232. 

1628/ Gov. Endicott arrives in Salem 
with about one hundred colonists, iii. 
325 ; vii. 254, 2-7. " Chosen their first 
governor," iii. 326. 

1629. Admiral Kirk sent from England 
to subdue the French al ( lanada, takes 
possession of the citv of Quebec and 
fort for the English, and returns home, 
vi. 215. 

The Council established at Ply- 
mouth make a grant to William Brad- 
ford and bis associates, vi. 73. 


Chronological Table. 

1629, March 4. The Charter of Massa- 
chusetts provides that the freemen 
or members of the company shall 
choose from their own number a Gov- 
ernor, Deputy-Governor, and eighteen 
Assistants, who shall hold monthly 
oroftenera meeting called the Court 
of Assistants, and, together with 
such freemen as choose to attend, four 
times in a year, a great and General 
Court, viii. 200. The patent and 
government, on motion of Matthew 
Cradock, first Governor in England, 
being transferred to New England, 
John Winthrop and others arrive here 
with the Charter, in 1630, viii. 201. 

1630, March. Six good ships leave Eng- 
land, with three hundred and fifty col- 
onists, men and women, to settle in 
Salem, iii. 34. 

" Modell of Christian Charity," writ- 
ten by Gov. Winthrop, in his passage 
to New England, vii. 33. 

June 12. Gov. Winthrop arrives at 
Salem in the Arbella, ix. 119. 

June 17. With Sir Richard Sal- 
tonstall travels to Charlestown to se- 
lect a place of settlement, ix. 120. 

Sir Richard Saltonstall, Rev. George 
Phillips, and others commence a plan- 
tation and call it Watertown, and en- 
ter into a church covenant, July 30, 
1630. " That excellent knight, Sir 
Richard Saltonstall," subscribed this 
instrument, and the next year he re- 
turned to England, ix. 120. 

Beverly settled about this time, vii. 
1630 - 1636. Roger Williams arrives at 
Boston, goes to Salem, invited to set- 
tle as colleague with Mr. Skelton, 
broaches opinions dangerous to the 
existence of the Massachusetts Colo- 
ny, ix. 206. Goes to Plymouth and is 
settled in the church there, returns to 
Salem, ix.207. Elected teacher there, 
prevails upon Endicott to cut the cross 
out of the banners, separates from the 
church, goes to Providence, ix. 209. 

1631. The Earl of Warwick obtains from 
Charles I. a grant of forty leagues of 
sea-coast westward from the mouth of 
Narraganset River, assigned to Lord 
Say and Seal, Lord Brook, and others, 
ix. 204. 

1632. Puritan ministers persecuted by the 
Bishops in England, i. 236-239. 

Two deputies chosen from each 
town to attend the General Court, to 
advise with the Governor and Assist- 
ants about raising money, viii. 201. 

General Court of Plymouth begin 
to keep a regular journal of their pro- 
ceedings, ii. 265. 

Nov. 19. Massachusetts " the lar- 

gest, best, and most prospering " of all 
the plantations in New England; about 
two thousand people, young and old, 
have in three years done more in 
building and planting than others have 
done in seven times that space, and 
with at least ten times less expense ; 
" by their loving, just, and kind deal- 
inge with the Indians, have gotten 
their love and respect," viii. 322. 
The Governor, a discreet and so- 
ber man, giving good example to all 
the planters, wearing plain apparel, 
drinking ordinarily water, when not 
conversant about matters of justice 
putting his hand to any ordinary la- 
bor with his servants, ruling with 
much mildness. Sir Christopher Gar- 
diner and others, " by casting re- 
proaches upon the plantation, doe ad- 
dress themselves to Sir Ferdinando 
Gorges, who by their false informa- 
tions " is projecting to deprive the 
plantation of its privileges and to sub- 
vert their government, viii. 323. 

1633. Popery increases in England. Many 
Papists grow very insolent to boast 
over Protestants, i. 244. 

July 8. Mr. John Cotton, late vicar 
of Boston in England, yields up his 
place of being vicar, viii. 343. 

Sept. William Laud, Archbishop 
of Canterbury, elevated to the Prima- 
cy, viii. 276. 
1633, 1636, 1644. Edward Winslow Gov- 
ernor of Plymouth, ii. 266. 

1634, 1638, 1657 - 1672. Thomas Prence 
Governor of Plymouth, ii. 266. 

1634. The wife and family of the Rev. 
Dr. William Ames remove to New 
England, x. 169. 

April 1. There are eight towns in 
the Colony of Massachusetts, viii. 201. 

Capt. Stone and his company killed 
by the Indians, vi. 158. 

Rev. Nathaniel Ward removes to 
New England, x. 167. 

Mr. Cradock's house at Marblehead 
burnt, vii. 249. 

Roger Williams buys of Canonicus 
and Miantonomy a tract of land, and 
with others settles a town and calls it 
Providence, i. 211. 

Freemen from the towns in Massa- 
chusetts deputed to meet to consider 
of such matters as they were to take 
order in at the General Court, to be 
held May 14th, " having met, desired 
a sight of the patent," and conceive 
thereby that all their laws 
made at the General Court, ix. 203. 
1634-1760. Narrative of the Wars in 
New England with the French and 
Indians in the several parts of the 
country, by Rev. Samuel Niles, vi.154. 

Ch rono log teal 7 \ ible 


1634, 1635. .Many passengers for New 
England take the oath of allegiance ; 
names of such, \ iii. 252, 319 . \. I 10 
-144. A list of namea of Bome v* bo 
Bailed w ithout taking the oath, t. I 1 1, 
I 15. 
lb:;o Cant. Oldham, with all his compa- 
ny, lulled by the Indians at Block 
Island, \ i. loo. About this time two 
men were killed by the Indians on 
Long [aland, \ i. 159. 

Sixtj leagues of territory , including 
the Connecticut River, granted by the 
Council al Ph mouth to James, Mar- 
quis of Hamilton, ix. 204. 

.May 6. The General ( Jourl of Mas- 
sachusetts agree " thai Borne men 
ahould be appointed to frame a body 
of grounds of laws, in resemblance to 
a Magna Charta," viii. 204. John 
Haynes, Governor, Elichard Belling- 
liam, Deputy-Governor, and John 
Winthrop and Thomas Dudley, Es- 
quires, deputed to perform this service, 

lb. Subsequently other committees 

were appointed, but theobjecl isnot at- 
tained until the appointment of a com- 
mittee of which .Mr. Nathaniel Ward 
being one, lie drew up the Body of 

Liberties established by the General 
Court in 1641, viii. 193. 

Sir Elichard Saltonstall sends over 
a bark with twenty laborers, to make 
settlement at Connecticut, of which 
lie i- one of the patentees, ix. 121. 

July 10. Lion Gardener sails from 
Holland, x. 171. 

Nov. 2S. He arrives at the month 
of Connecticut River, x. 174. 

.Motion of Sir Ferdinando Gorges 
to resign the Grand Patent of New 
England to the King, vi. 82. 

Hingham settled, ii. 84. 

1636. Settlement of Connecticut com- 
menced by Mr. Hooker, ix. 204. 

Miantunnomu keeps his court at 
Roger Williams's house, i. 159. Roger 
Williams advises as to the course to 
be pursued in the war with the Pe- 
quots, i. 160. His interview with 
Uanonicus and .Miantunnomu, with 
their council, i. 162. 

July 4. Commission sent by the 
Massachusetts government to John 
Winthrop, Jr., to treat with the Pe- 
quots, iii. L29. 

A code of laws is made in Plvmouth 
C >lony, ii.265. 
1636-1637. At Wetherefield, on Con- 
necticut River, the Indians killed six, 
and took -c\ en more. t- Those they 
took they tortured to death in a cruel 
and barbarous manner," vi. 159. 

1637, April 23. They killed nine more, 
and took two young women captive. 

In consequence of these outragt i d 
slaughters committed on the Ei 
b\ the l'< quota, a court was called at 
Hartford, Ma) I, and it was < onclud- 
ed to Bend nut. i\ mi n of the < lolonj , 
under command of (apt. John M a- 
son, vi. 159. Capt. Mason assist* d 
b\ Uncas, the Mohegan Sachem, vi. 
160. Capt. John I ndcrhill, being al 
Saybrook fort, joins Capt. Mason 
with nineteen men, vi. ltd. The 
Court of Massachusetts, in con 
quence of the murder of Capt. old- 
ham, send one hundred and lu ent) 
men under the command ol" ('apt. 

John Endicott, with Capt. I ndcrhill 

and ('apt. Turner, w ho are to Bearcll 
into the reasons of the murder of 
Capt. Oldham, and also to heal with 
the Pequots and know the reason 
of killing Capt. Stone and others on 
Connecticut River, who obtain no 
satisfaction. They kill an Indian and 
burn some of their wigwams, whi< h 
enrages the Pequots, wno kill divers 
of the English at Saybrook and else- 
where, for which reason Capt. Mason 
is gent down to Saybrook fort, a- be- 
fore is noted, vi. 162. A fort taken 
by the English, seven hundred IV- 
quots killed, and three hundred die of 
their wounds afterwards, vi. 165. One 
hundred and twenty men, under the 
command of Capt. Israel Stoughton, 
sent from Massachusetts to assist the 
Connecticut forces, vi. 170. Twelve 
of the Pequots' petty sachems and 
chief captains killed, and the head of 
Sassacus, their grand sachem, brought 
to the English as a present, by means 
of Ninicraft, the Narraganset sachem, 
vi. 171. W'equash, a captain among 
the Pequots who had revolted to the 
Mohegan Indians, who from the be- 
ginning were special friends to the 
English, was converted to the Chris- 
tian faith, and afterwards a preacher 
among the Indians; time or manner 
of his death not known ; a special 
friend to the English, a strict profes- 
sor of the same religion with them; 
supposed to have been murdered by 
the Indians, vi. 17*2. About one hun- 
dred and eighty or two hundred Pe- 
quots remaining, they send some of 
their chiefs to mediate for them with 
the English, offering to be their ser- 
vants and to be disposed ^i' as they 
phase, who being given to Uncas, 
Miantinomo, and to Ninicraft, the 
PeqUOtS CO\ enanl not to inhabit their 
native country nor he railed Pequots 
any more, but Mohegans and Narra- 
gansets for ever, vi. 1, 2!), 159, 173. 
1637. Hartford, Windsor, and Wethers- 


Chronological Table, 

field settled, and a fortification built 
at Saybrook, vi. 157. 

1637. Mr. Charles Chauncy publishes his 
Retractation, proving " the unlawful- 
nesse and danger of Ray ling in Altars 
or Communion Tables," for the satis- 
faction of any who might be offended 
by his submisssion made before the 
High Commission Court, Feb. 11, 
1635, viii. 285. 

John Clark, Roger Williams, and 
others go to Plymouth, meet with the 
magistrates, viii. 291. Who advise 
them to settle on the island of Aqued- 
neck, viii. 292. 

The Colony of New Haven settled, 
ix. 205. 

1638. Capt. John Underbill writes and 
publishes a history of the Pequot War, 
vi. 1. 

Rev. Ezekiel Rogers removes to 
New England, x. 163. 

1639. Jan. 14. The inhabitants of the 
towns of Hartford, Wethersfield, and 
Windsor, Connecticut, form a com- 
pact or constitution of government, 
ix. 204. 

Rev. John Ward removes to New 
England, x. 168. 

April 3. A patent granted to Sir 
Ferdinando Gorges of the Province 
of Maine, vi. 83. 

First English settlement in the pres- 
ent State of New York, x. 178. 

Nov. 5. The General Court order 
that all letters brought from beyond 
seas, or to be sent thither, shall be 
left at Richard Fairbanks's house in 
Boston, vii. 48. 

1640. Bounds between Massachusetts and 
Plymouth settled, ii. 267. 

Rev. Samuel Ward, about this time, 
dies in Holland, x. 167. 
1640-1660. A collection of Books and 
Pamphlets printed during this period, 
being an exact collection consisting of 
" neere Thirty Thousand severall 
peeces," in the British Museum, viii. 

1641. Nov. 17. Inhabitants of Providence, 
R. I., write to the Governor and As- 
sistants of Massachusetts, complaining 
of Samuel Gorton and his company, 
and asking for assistance, i. 2. 

Dec. The General Court of Mas- 
sachusetts establish one hundred laws, 
called the " Body of Liberties," com- 
posed by Rev. Nathaniel Ward, of 
Ipswich, author of " The Simple Cob- 
lerof Aggawam," viii. 193,196; x.235. 

1642. Conspiracy of Indians for the de- 
struction of the English generally 
throughout New England, iii. 161. 

1643. May 29. Confederation formed be- 
tween the four New England Colonies 

of Plymouth, Massachusetts, Connect- 
icut, and New Haven, ix. 199. The 
model and prototype of the North 
American Confederacy of 1774 , ix. 

June 22. Pumham and Sacanocho 
put themselves under the government 
of the Massachusetts, i. 212. 

Sept. 15. Randall Holden writes 
an abusive letter to the General Court 
of Massachusetts, i. 5. 

Dec. 10. Massachusetts procures a 
charter for the government of the Nar- 
raganset country. Afterwards Roger 
Williams procures another charter for 
the same tract of land, both invalid, 
i. 212. 

1644. Several Indian sachems make sub- 
missions to the Massachusetts Colony, 
i. 212. 

1645. The case of Monsieur La Tour to 
be sent to the Elders for their advice, 
vii. 107. 

1646. Oct. 28. Rev. John Eliot visits the 
Indians and preaches to them, iv.3, 4. 

Dec. Edward Winslow goes to 
England as agent of Massachusetts. 
Answer's Gorton's book, called " Sim- 
plicities defence against Seven-headed 
Policy," ii. 136. 
1646-1654. Tracts relating to the at- 
tempts to convert to Christianity the 
Indians of New England, iv. 1-287. 

1647. Edward Winslow publishes " New- 
England's Salamander discovered," 
in answer to aspersions cast upon 
New England in a pamphlet called 
" New-England's Jonas cast up at 
London," ii. 110. 

Feb. The King of France grants a 
commission to D'Aulney as Governor 
and Lieutenant-General of L'Acadie, 
vii. 110. 

Oct. 27. First law establishing pub- 
lic schools in America passed by the 
General Court of Massachusetts, viii. 

1648. Margaret Jones of Charlestown, 
the first person that suffered on ac- 
count of witchcraft, executed, vii. 263. 

Settlement of East Hampton on 
Long Island commenced, x. 180. 

1649. March 5. The General Court of 
Massachusetts desire Mr. Rawson and 
Mr. Hills to '• compare the amend- 
ments of the Books of laws passed, 
and make them as one," " for the 
speedy committing of them to the 
press," viii. 212. 

Marblehead a part of Salem until 
this year, vii. 249. 
1651. Mons. Charnizay, appointed Gov- 
ernor of Acadie in place of D'Aul- 
ney, deceased, renews the alliance 
with Massachusetts, vii. 114. 

Chronological Tabic. 


1652, Oct. 20. The Governor and Coun- 
cil of Massachusetts write to Sir Hen- 
ry Vane, in regard to the course pur- 
sued in relation to William Pincheon, 
whose book, and doctrine therein con- 
tained, they abhor as pernicious and 
dangerous, i. 35. 
1G53, Aug. 30. Woburn inhabitants and 
church-members petition the General 
Court in relation to an order, " that 
no person within this jurisdiction 
shall undertake any course of public 
preaching or prophesying without 
the approbation of the elders of four 
the next churches, or of the county 
court," i. 38. 

Johnson's Wonder-working Prov- 
idence printed in London, viii. 284. 

Rev. Nathaniel Ward dies, x. 1G7. 

A letter of Nathaniel Briscoe to 
Thomas Broughton, complaining of 
the Parliament's proceedings, sent by 
the Council of Massachusetts to the 
Hon. Win. Lenthall, Speaker, i. 32. 

1654. Major-General Harrison confined 
by Oliver Cromwell and the Council, 
x. 2. Sir Henry Vane retired into 
Lincolnshire, "yet dayly mist and 
courted for his assistance," x. 3. 

" The Christian Commonwealth," 
by Rev. John Eliot, published in Lon- 
don, viii. 198. 

1655. Jan. 31. Sir Kenelme Digby writes 
to John Winthrop, Jr., earnestly en- 
treating him to return to England, 
x. 5. 

Sir Henry Vane publishes " The 
Retired Man's Meditations," x. 19. 

" The Pope endeavours the uniting 
of all his slaves for his guard, fearing 
the Hereticks," x. 19. 

April. Capt. John Leverett com- 
missioned by Oliver Cromwell to com- 
mand several forts taken from the 
French in America, vii. 122. 

1656. A meeting-house on the north side 
of Bass River, now Beverly, vii. 250; 
which was incorporated Oct. 14, 1668, 
vii. 251. A church organized Sept. 20, 
1667, and Rev. John Hale settled as 
the minister, vii. 250. 

1657. The General Court appoint a 
committee to inquire concerning the 
maintenance of ministers of churches 
in the county of Suffolk, i. 49. 

July 22. Hingham contains about \ 
one hundred families; Weymouth, 
about sixty ; Braintree, about eighty ; 
Dorchester, about one hundred and 
twenty; Ko.xbury, about eighty; Ded- 
hain, about one hundred and sixtv- 
six; Medfield, about forty; Hull, 
twenty, i. 49 -51. 

Mr. Hopkins and Mr. Fen wick die, 
i. 184. 

1658, Jan. 23. Samuel Vassal! of Lon- 
don petitions the Parliament, having 
endured imprisonment in we\ era! pris- 
ons lor about sixteen years, for oppos- 
ing the illegal taxes of Charles 1., 
\iu. 2! i-l. 

Oliver Cromwell dies, i. 192. 

Oct. 1!>. The Book of Laws of 
Massachusetts, revised and corrected 
by Major-General Daniel Denison, is 
to be printed forthwith, viii. 213. 

Sir Richard Saltonstall dies, ix. 122. 
Has been justly styled "one of the 
fathers of the Massachusetts Colony," 
v, as a patron of Harvard College, ix. 
1658- 1675. Mr. John Hull and company 
purchase lands at or about Point Ju- 
dah ; other lands bought of the In- 
dians by John Winthrop and others, 
i. 213, 214. 

1659. Isaac Allerton, who had rendered 
great services to Plymouth Colony, 
dies in New Haven, vii. 243. 

Wyandanch, Sachem of Montau- 
kett and Pamanack, dies, x. 183. 

1660. Lion Gardener writes a Relation of 
the Pequot War, iii. 136; x. 177. 

May 30. The General Court of 
Massachusetts order that the Law 
Books, when they shall be printed, 
shall be distributed among the towns, 
viii. 213. 

Sundry vessels about Boston suffer 
much hurt by a storm, x. 33. 

Messrs. Whalley and Goffe come 
to Massachusetts, having escaped pur- 
suit in England narrowly, x. 39. 

Oct. Intelligence of the imprison- 
ment of the judges of Charles I. re- 
ceived in New England, x. 42. 

Rev. Hugh Peter executed, x. 27. 

Francis Newman, Governor of New 
Haven, dies, x. 44. 

1661, Jan. 23. Rev. Ezekiel Rogers, of 
Rowley, dies, x. 163. 

Feb. 15. Charles II. writes, " We 
shall not come behind any of our 
Royal predecessors, in a just encour- 
agement and protection of all our lov- 
ing subjects " in New England, vii. 

May 12. The General Court order 
the copies of Eliot's Christian Com- 
monwealth to be cancelled and de- 
faced, ix. 128. 

May 17. The General Court of 
Massachusetts order that diligent 
search be made for Col. VVhallcv and 
Col. Goffe, vii. 124. 

May 24. Mr. Eliot makes an ac- 
knowledgment in relation to his book, 
which was written ten years before, 
as to expressions concerning kingly 
jrovernment, ix. 128. 


Chronological Table. 

1661, May 23. The Governor of Massa- 
chusetts resolves to send some per- 
sons presently in pursuit of Whal- 
ley and Goffe, "who were newly fled 
out of this jurisdiction " ; Kellond 
and Kirke selected, and go " hence 
the same day by post," viii. 325. 
Whalley and Goffe supposed to be in 
this country, concealed in some of the 
southern parts, i. 51 ; vii. 124 ; viii. 
326. They come to New Haven, and 
stay two days, to yield themselves 
to be apprehended, viii. 329. 

July 4. At a council held at Bos- 
ton, two hundred and fifty acres of 
land were granted to Mr. Thomas Kel- 
land, and the same quantity to Mr. 
Thomas Kirke, for going to Connect- 
icut, New Haven, and Monhatoes in 
search of those gentlemen, vii. 126. 

Nov. 9. William Brenton writes 
to John Endicott, Governor, in rela- 
tion to Pequot land taken by Massa- 
chusetts, and claimed by Rhode Isl- 
and, i. 54. 

1662, The General Court of Massachu- 
setts grant leave to French Protes- 
tants, expelled from their habitations, 
to settle here, ii. 27. 

1663, Aug. 6. Adventurers, belonging to 
New England, for carrying on a plan- 
tation in Charles River, on the coast 
of Florida, decline the hazard of that 
undertaking, i. 55. 

Lion Gardener dies, x. 184. 

1664, Jan. 21. Charles II. grants a com- 
mission to Col. Robert Nicholls, Sir 
Robert Carr, Knight, George Cart- 
wright and Samuel Maverick, Es- 
quires, and constitutes them commis- 
sioners to examine and compose all 
differences between Colony and Colo- 
ny, who the next year order that the 
Narraganset country should for the 
future be called the King's Province, 
declare the purchases of Mr. Ather- 
ton to be void, and order the inhab- 
itants to quit their habitations, but af- 
terwards reverse this last order, i. 219 

Oct. 25. Conjunction of the planet 
Mercury with the sun, x. 47. 

New Amsterdam, now New York, 
taken from the Dutch by the Commis- 
sioners of Charles II., iii. 313. 

1665, March 15. Governor Endicott dies, 
vii. 287. 

Oct. A remarkable meteor or fall- 
ing star seen at Seabrook, x. 57. 

1666, Three suns and four rainbows seen 
at New York, x. 58. 

Divisions in the Church at Hartford 
concerning baptism, x. 60. 

July 10. The Governor and Coun 
cil of Connecticut write to Gov. Bel 

lingham, that the French are march- 
ing from Canada towards Albany, x. 

1666, Sept. 3. Great fire in London, x. 66. 

Oct. 27. Capt. George Denison 
writes to John Winthrop, Jr., Govern- 
or of Connecticut, in behalf of the 
Indians at Causattuk, who are about to 
be removed, x. 64, 68. 

Oct. 12. Petitioners to the General 
Court against the sending over a gen- 
eral governor by Charles II. censured, 
i. 59. 

1667, Aug. 7. Rev. John Wilson dies. 
He was the first minister of Boston, 
and came with Governor Winthrop in 
1630, vii. 289. 

1669. March 8. Rev. Thomas Shepard of 
Charlestown sends an account to John 
Winthrop, Jr., of a remarkable con- 
junction of Venus (Nov. 20, 1668) 
with the moon, x. 70. 

June 28. Bryan Rosseter, physi- 
cian, claims to be freed from taxes, 
x. 73. 

The bounds of Rhode Island stated 
by the Governor and Council of R.I. , 
i. 221. 

1670. The Duke of York prohibits Dutch 
ships from coming to New York, x. 

Oct. 11. John Winthrop sends to 
Lord Brereton an account of a hill in 
Maine removed from its place, x.123, 

1671. May 28. Roger Conant, in a peti- 
tion to the General Court, states that 
he has been a planter in New Eng- 
land " fortie eight years and up- 
wards," the first that had house in 
Salem, desires that Beverly may be 
called Budleigh, the name of a mar- 
ket-town in Devonshire, near unto 
the sea, where he was born, vii. 252, 

Plymouth laws printed, ii. 266. 

Second Indian Church (Natick be- 
ing the first) gathered, ii. 59. 

Letter to Col. William Goffe from 
his wife, i. 60. 

Col. Blood steals the crown, i. 61. 

Sir George Downing sent to the 
Tower, i. 61. 

1672. Richard Saltonstall, one of the few 
persons who knew where Whalley 
and Goffe were concealed, gives them 
fifty pounds, ix. 122. 

June 25. Notice of declaration of 
war by England against Holland 
sent from Rhode Island to Connecti- 
cut, x. 82. 
1673 - 1680. Josiah Winslow Governor 
of Plymouth, ii. 266. 

1673. John Josselyn's Account of Two 
Voyages to New England. Descrip- 

Chronological Tabic. 


linn of the countn , u<>\ eminent, A c, 
in. 211. 
1673, July 30. New Sfork Btormed and 
taken l>y the Dutch, x. 86, -7. 

( lonnecticut aids the inhabitants <>n 
Long [aland againsl the Dutch, k.89. 

Sept. 6. News of the taking of 
New York by the Dntoh received in 
Boston, i 3fc 
1071, Feb. Major Fitz-John Winthrop 
defends Long [aland against the 
Dutch, \. 94,95, 99. 

March 14. The General Court of 
Massachusetts, at the request of Con- 
necticut, send armed \ essels to clear 
Long Island Bound of tin; Dutch, x. 
96, '.»7, loo, nil. 


.News of pence between 

England and Holland, and of vigor 
ons preparations lor war by the 
French and Dutch, x. 104. 

Sir Edmund Andros, (iovernor of 
New York, arrives, x. 112, 115, 116. 

June. The country alarmed by two 
men being killed on the mainland, 
not far from Rhode Island. Philip's 
War began, vi. 178. 

June 24. Nine people killed at 
Swanzey, and in the course of this 
month several others killed, by the 
Indians, vi. 173. Capt. Hutchinson 
ami Capt. Wheeler went upon a trea- 
ty of peace with the Nipmuck In- 
dians. Capt. Hutchinson mortally 
wounded, and eight of his company 
killed by them on the spot, vi. 179. 

Aug. 2-~>. A party of men sent out 
at Connecticut under the command 
of Capt. Robert Treat, vi. 179. 

Capt. Church and Capt. Fuller go 
from Plymouth in quest of the In- 
dians in that quarter, vi. 179. 

Philip, Sachem of Mount Hope, 
draws into his assistance several tribes 
of Indians, who make great spoil in 
the country, vi. 180. 

Sept. Springfield beset by the en- 
emy, who fired thirty-two houses, 
about Sept. 18. In December, " four- 
teen Englishmen were slain in Nar- 
raganset, now South Kingston, in 
Pull's garrison there." The forces 
from Massachusetts, Plymouth, and 
Connecticut, fifteen hundred men, 
commanded by Major-General Josiah 
Winslow, march towards a fort to 
which the main body of the Indians in 
that part of the country had retired, 
vi. lol. Make themselves masters of 
the fort, destroy seven hundred fight- 
ing men, vi. 1 -'2. 
1G75, Feb. ID. The Indians hum many 
houses in Lancaster, and murder and 
carry away more than forty of the 
inhabitants. Soon after, do much 

mischief at Marlborough, Sudbury, 
Chelmsford. and Medfield. Thej burn 
almost all the houses in Groton, with 
the meeting-house, barbarously cut oil' 
two families in Plymouth, and burn all 
the houses in Warwick, vi. 83. 
1075, May 1. Donations to Harvard Col- 
lege, i. 62. 

May 25. Monsieur Chamble, Gov- 
ernor of Acadie, and others, prisom is 
in Boston, i. 64. 

June '2'.). Tin' first public Past ap- 
pointed in Massachusetts, on account 
of Philip's War, vi. 187. 
1675, June, to Oct., 1070. The sacri- 
fice of life and property is greater in 
Massachusetts, in proportion to her 
population, than in the whole eight 
years' war of Independence, ix. 181. 

July 1. Notice of Philip's War re- 
ceived in Connecticut, x. 117. 

Nov. Josiah Winslow, Governor 
of Plymouth, commissioned by the 
United Colonies as Commander-in- 
chief of the forces raised in said Col- 
onies, i. 66. 
1070, March 16. Major Thomas Savage 
writes that the Indians had made an 
assault on some at Westfield, and had 
fiercely assaulted North Hampton, i. 

March 26. Capt. Peirce and fifty 
Englishmen, and twenty friendly In- 
dians, " overpowered by a fir greater 
number of the savages," fall in the 
field of battle, after they have slain 
one hundred and forty of the enemy, 
vi. 183. 

March 29. The Indians burn about 
thirty houses in Providence, vi. 183. 

April 18. Assault Sudbury, and kill 
twelve men coming from Concord, vi. 

April 19 or 20. Capt. W r adsworth, 
coming to the assistance of Sudbury, 
with Capt. Brocklebank and more than 
fifty of their men, killed. Capt. Turner, 
with thirty or more of his men, slain. 
Capt. Denison and sixty-six volun- 
teers, and about one hundred Christian 
Indians, kill seventy-six of the enemy. 
Mischiefs done about this time at Ply- 
mouth, Taunton, Chelmsford, Con- 
cord, Haverhill, Bradford, Woburn, 
and other places, vi. 184. 

June 29. Thanksgiving through- 
out the Colony of Massachusetts for 
successes against the Indians, vi.187. 
Philip, the Indian king, slain, vi. 190. 

Aug. 14. Capt. Thomas Lake and 
ten or twelve more slain by the In- 
dians at Arowsick Island in Kenne- 
bec lliver; others killed at Casco, 
vii. 202. 

Sept. 6. Four hundred of the In- 


Chronological Table. 

dians surprised at the house of Major 
Waldron in Quochecho, by Major 
Hawthorn and others, sent by Massa- 
chusetts, vi. 202. 

1676, Sir Edmund Andros orders those 
who had Indians in custody to re- 
lease them, with their guns and all 
they had, without the exchange of 
any English prisoners, an encourage- 
ment to the French and Indians to 
pursue their cruel designs, vi. 203. 

Oct. 16. Roger Williams writes to 
the Governors of Massachusetts, Con- 
necticut, and Rhode Island in relation 
to the captivity of an Englishman and 
his wife by the Pequots and Monhig- 
gins, and desires that there may be no 
difference between the Colonies and 
Rhode Island in regard to land, i. 70. 

1677, May 23. The General Court ap- 
point John Hayward Postmaster, vii. 

July 20. The right of government 
in Maine confirmed to Sir Ferdinando 
Gorges by an Order in Council, viii. 

1678, March. The last meeting of the 
Commissioners of the United Colo- 
nies, ix. 222. 

July 9. Edward Randolph appoint- 
ed collector, surveyor, and searcher 
of his Majesty's customs in New Eng- 
land, vii. 130. 

Some of the brethren of Charles- 
town church dissent from those who 
have called Mr. Daniel Russell to 
office, i. 248. 

1679, Nov. 19. Roger Conant dies, in the 
eighty-ninth year of his age, vii. 255. 

1680, The inhabitants between Merri- 
mac and Naumkeag Rivers thrown 
into great consternation and distress 
by the claim of the heirs or assigns of 
John Mason to all the lands between 
those two rivers, vii. 265. 

Misinformation presented to Charles 
II., that the inhabitants of New Eng- 
land have no right to land or govern- 
ment, but are usurpers; that they vi- 
olate acts of trade and navigation, 
" whereby his majesty is damaged in 
his customs to the value of JOO,UO0 £. 
yearly, and the kingdom much more." 
Mr. Randolph, his Majesty's collector 
here, very active and diligent in the 
discharge of his trust ; the people 
show him little respect or good affec- 
tion, look at him " as one that bears no 
good-will to the country, but sought 
the ruin of it," by being a means to in- 
cense the King and his Council against 
the place and people, viii. 331. 

The Massachusetts Colony consists 
of four counties, in^each of which are 
held county courts, their power not 

extending to life, member, or banish- 
ment, with liberty of appeal to the 
Court of Assistants ; about forty towns, 
in each a company of listed soldiers, 
trained six times a year, in Boston 
eight companies, in Salem two, in 
each county a serjeant-major, and 
over the whole a major-general ; six 
or seven troops of horse, one castle 
upon an island about three or four 
miles from Boston, with about thirty 
guns, viii. 333. Principal towns of 
trade, Boston, Charlestown, and Sa- 
lem ; as many precincts and divisions 
within the government as towns, viz. 
about forty ; in Boston three large 
churches or meeting-houses ; chief 
rivers, Merrimac and Charles River ; 
harbours, Boston, Charlestown, Sa- 
lem, Gloucester, and Marblehead ; 
few or no manufactures ; staple com- 
modities, fish, peltry, horses, provis- 
ions, cider, boards, timber, pipe-staves, 
mackerel ; fish was formerly more ben- 
eficial for trade with other plantations 
in America than now ; some pipe- 
staves, fish, mackerel, &c, sent to 
Madeira and Western Islands, viii. 
335. Commodities imported from 
. England, about 40 or 50,000£. yearly ; 
near twenty English merchants " bred 
up to that calling," within the gov- 
ernment; no foreign merchants; very 
few English have come to plant in 
this jurisdiction for seven years past 
and more, few or no Scots, Irish, or 
foreigners in the like space, viii. 336. 
No company of blacks or slaves 
brought into the country since the 
beginning of this plantation, for the 
space of fifty years ; about two years 
since, betwixt forty and fifty negroes 
brought here from Madagascar and 
sold ; here are now about one hun- 
dred and twenty negroes, and it may 
be as many Scots, and about half as 
many Irish ; two or three merchants 
here worth sixteen or eighteen thou- 
sand pounds apiece; he is accounted 
a rich man that is worth one thousand 
or fifteen hundred pounds, viii. 337. 
About one hundred and twenty ships, 
sloops, ketches, and other vessels ; 
the French at Nova Scotia or Acadia 
interrupt our Fishers in those parts, 
and Sir Edmund Andros, Governor of 
New York, doth the like betwixt the 
French and Pemaquid, requiring duty 
to be paid, viii. 338. Massachusetts 
expended above £40,000 in the late 
Indian war, and the two great fires in 
Boston consumed above two hundred 
and seventy dwelling-houses, with 
many warehouses; the third part (at 
least) of the wealth of Boston, it is 

Chronological Table. 


thought, was consumed ; in the time 

oi" tin: Indian war were obliged to 
have ten or fifteen rates upon all 

men's estates in o year, which hath 

much impoverished the country, viiL 
339. About eighty or one hundred 

Anabaptists, and about halt* as many 

Quakers, in Massachusetts, viii. 3-10. 
1681 — 1692. Thomas Hinckley Governor 
ot* Plymouth, ii. 266. 

1682, June 2'.). Charles 11. writes to the 
Governor and Company of Massa- 
chusetts Bay, signifying bis pleasure 
that Robert Mason be admitted to 
prosecute his right before the courts 

in Massachusetts, i. 72. 

1683, July 19. Edward Cranfield, Wil- 
liam Stoughton, Edward Randolph,! 
Nathaniel Saltonstall, and others, 
appointed by Charles II. to examine 
and impure into the titles, &c, to 
tbe King's Province, or Narraganset 
country, i. 226. Report in favor of 
the purchases and partners with Ma- 
jor Atherton, i. 2*27. 

A meeting of deputies from differ- 
ent towns to be held at Ipswich to 
advise about securing their lands and 
possessions against Mr. Mason's claim, 
vii. 268. 

Nov. Magistrates of Massachusetts 
opposed to relinquishing the charter, 
i. 74. 
1685. Plymouth Colony divided into three 
counties, viz. Plymouth, Bristol, and 
Barnstable, ii. 267. 

Sept. 21. James II. appoints Ed- 
ward Randolph " Secretary and sole 
Register" " of all our Territory and 
Dominion in New England common- 
ly called or known by the names of 
the Colony of the Massachusetts Bay, 
the Province of New Hampshire and 
Maine, and the Narraganset Country," 
vii. 161. 

Oct. 6. The Edict of Nantes re- 
voked, and the Protestants banished 
from France, ii. 20. Eight hundred 
thousand Protestants compelled to 
leave the kingdom, ii . 27. 

Thirty French Protestant families 
settle in Oxford, Massachusetts, ii. 29. 
16S6, May 15. The Rose frigate arrives, 
with a commission from James II. to 
[Joseph] Dudley, as Presidentof Mas- 
sachusetts, New Hampshire, Maine, 
and Narraganset, vii. 138. 

Sir Edmund Andros constituted 
Governor of New England, lands 
in Boston, and publishes his commis- 
sion, vii. 138. 

Aug. 10. Lieut. John Gould, sen., 
of Topsfield, indicted for speaking 
treasonable words against the govern- 
ment of Sir Edmund Andros, vii. 150. 

Upon payment of fifty pounds in 

monej and charges oi prosecution, 

the remainder ol'lus line to be respit- 
ed, and he releasi d from bis imp] ison- 

meiil, vii. 153. 

1686, August 2:5. Edward Randolph 
writes to the Lord Treasurer, that 

he '■ has brought this people to a 

nearer depend a nee upon the Crown," 
and bas '* likewise served '' writs of 
Quo Warranto upon the other 2 Colo- 
nies of Connecticut and Rhode Isl- 
and," vii. 154. " Unless his Majesty 

in B very short time send 0\ er a Gen- 
eral Governor from England, all that 
is already done w ill be of little advan- 
tage to his Majesty's interest," vii. 
1. ").">. 

Sept. 13. Sir Edmund Andros au- 
thorized by James II. to demand the 
surrender of the charter of Rhode 
Island and Providence Plantation, 
the Governor and Company of that 
Colony having " submitted themselves 
and their Charter to our Royal deter- 
mination," and Sir Edmund to take 
the Colony under his government, 
and, if Connecticut " shall be induced 
to make surrender of their charter," 
to receive such surrender and take 
the Colony under his government, \ ii. 

Sept. 15. Land in Caseo Bay grant- 
ed to the Eleutherians, vii. 150-168. 

Sept. 19. James II. orders that the 
jurisdiction of Peniaquid be in the 
hands of Sir Edmund Andros, vii. 160. 

Dec. 8. A committee appointed by 
the Council in Boston to receive " the 
records of the country, now in the 
hand of Mr. Edward Rawson, late 
Secretary," vii. 162. 

Dec. 30. First meeting of the 
Council under Andros, vii. 166. 

1687, Jan. 13. A tax of one penny in the 
pound assessed "on all the late Colo- 
nies and Provinces towards defraying 
the public charges of this Govern- 
ment," produces great excitement, 
vii. 171. 

Jan. 28. Mr. Dudley, late Presi- 
dent, appointed Licenserof the Press, 
vii. 171. 

Feb. 18. The town of Bristol pe- 
titions to be excused from the tax re- 
cently ordered, vii. 171. 

June 13. Sir Edmund Andros ad- 
vises the Governor and Council of 
Connecticut to surrender their charter, 
vii. 177. 

July 3. Ship Fortune, belonging 
to "Prince Frederick Cassimir, Duke 
of Courland," arrives at Boston, in 
distress, vii. 180. 

Aug. 6. Sir Edmund Andros sends 

VOL. X . 



Chronological Table. 

to the Governor of Port Royal to de- 
mand redress for the taking of two 
fishing-ketches by a French man-of- 
war, vii. 184. 

1687, Aug. 24. Commission granted by 
Sir Edmund Andros to Nicholas In- 
glesby, commander of the barque 
Rose, to visit wrecks lying to wind- 
ward of the Island of Jamaica, vii. 

Aug. 30. Shadrach Wilbore, town 
clerk of Taunton, imprisoned for pub- 
lishing a writing calling in question 
the late tax law, vii. 190. 

1688, June 2. Rev. William Hubbard 
appointed by Sir Edmund Andros to 
officiate as President of Harvard Col- 
lege at the next Commencement, i. 83. 

1689, Jan. 25. The 30th of January ap- 
pointed to be kept as a day of fasting 
and humiliation, i. 83. 

March 24. Sir Edmund Andros ap- 
points a committee to ask and receive 
contribution from the inhabitants of I 
Boston towards building " a house or I 
place for the service of the Church of 
England," i. 84. 

April 18. Subversion of the gov- 
ernment of Sir Edmund Andros in 
New England, i. 85; vi. 206. 

June 28. Cocheca attacked by the 
Indians, i. 87. Notice sent immedi- 
ately, by the General Court, to our out 
towns to provide for their security and 
defence, i. 89. 

Sept. 27. Major Benjamin Church 
writes to Simon Bradstreet, Governor 
of Massachusetts, for more troops, i. 

July. Three French privateer ves- 
sels come to Block Island, vi. 263. 
Continue about a week plundering 
houses, vi. 265. The people at New- 
port fit out two vessels with volun- 
teers, vi. 268. Who "chase them off 
the New England coast," vi. 270. 

July 30. William III., King of 
England, orders Sir Edmund Andros, 
Edward Randolph, and others, seized 
by the people of Boston, to be sent to 
England, vii. 191. 

The minister and wardens of the 
Episcopal Church in Boston, in an 
address to William III., state that 
they have, " to their great horrour 
and amazement, been forced to behold 
a well established and orderly goveim- 
ment here subverted and overthrown," 
vii. 193. And beseech the King to 
appoint a Governor and Council, vii. 
.1690, April 28. A fleet of thirty-two sail 
equipped at Boston, and land forces 
raised by New England and New 
York, to subject Canada to the crown 

of Great Britain, under the command 
of Sir William Phips, Governor, be- 
gin their voyage August 9, but are de- 
feated, vi. 214. 
1690. William III. of England sends a 
large body of French Protestants to 
Virginia, ii. 35. 

The declaration of Sylvanus Da- 
vis, inhabitant of the town of Fal- 
mouth in the Province of Maine, con- 
cerning the cruel, treacherous, and 
barbarous management of a war 
against the English in the eastern 
parts of New England, i. 101. 

Nov. 29. A treaty of peace, at Sa- 
gadahock, with the Eastward Indian 
Enemy Sagamores, i. 112. 

M. de Meneual, Governor of Aca- 
dia, petitions the Governor and Coun- 
cil of Massachusetts for the restora- 
tion of silver and effects alleged to 
have been kept back from him by 
Mr. Phips, and that their arms and 
liberty should be given to the soldiers 
of his garrison, and their passage to 
Quebec or France, in virtue of his 
capitulation, i. 114-117. 
1690 or 1691. Several persons, having 
considerable interest in New England 
■ and the Jerseys, petition the King that 
the respective charters of the Colonies 
of New England and the Jerseys may 
be restored, i. 120. 

Reasons against sending a Governor 
to New England, i. 121. 

1691, Feb. 20. Boston not so healthful for 
divers years as now, i. 118. 

June 8. The Governor and Council 
offer proposals to Capt. Kidd and Capt. 
Walkington in relation to suppressing 
an enemy privateer, i. 122. Proposi- 
tions of Captains Kidd and Walking- 
ton, i. 123. 

Political Fables of New England, i. 

1692, Aug. 10. Examination of several 
persons, on a charge of witchcraft, 
before Dudley Bradstreet, Justice of 
the Peace, i. 124, 125. 

1693, June 9. The General Court pass 
an act establishing " A General Let- 
ter Office " in Boston, the master to 
be appointed by Andrew Hamilton, 
Esq., vii. 50, 51. 

Aug. 11. A treaty of peace with 
the Indians " concerted, and pursued 
upon false and treacherous designs on 
the part of the French and Indians," 
vi. 234, 235. 

Oct. 2. Increase Mather and other 
ministers petition the Governor and 
Council for aid in propagating the 
Christian faith among the Indians in 
the eastern parts of this Province, i. 

Chronological 'J able. 


1683. K. r. John War.!, of Haverhill, 

a, x 168. 

Ipril 20. B tonstall dies, 

ul 122. 

June 19. Tii.- (i. aeiml (''<urt of 
M -- • b un ttfl allow £ 25 pi r annum 
towards the enoouragemenl of the 
for the di i 

- ''ranted in 

1696, vii. 60. 

July. The French and Indians 
kill and capture ninety-four j • 
;it a place called < >\ -t»r Biv< r; m 
ty supposed to have been killed, vi. 
. j. 

March. A crest mortality prevail? 
among the Indian?. \ ,. 'S->~ . 
1696. French plantation at < Oxford broken 
up by an incursion <>r the Ind 
many, if not most, of the planters 
came to Boston, ii. 31. John John- 
son of Oxford, and his three children, 
cred hy the Indians, ii. 60. 
lG'JT. Rev. John Hale writ, a a hook up- 
on the aubject of witchcraft, which is 
■ ati. r published, maintaining 

!• ;v impover- 

1, diminisl - l low 

hv the French and Indian \\ ar, ' vn. 


' K idd and w 

ni« n in iron?, w aitinfi J, \ ii. 

[| - reported thai tl 

nil men-of-war into the 
East Indiee thai it, vii. 


! that a ship 

ma j trip- in a year !>• 

1 gland and N I, " but it ia 

seldom done. 1 M 

gallon in i bence 

England thii 
gallon. Boston in 
better place for trade than £ 
" Both well improved may do well," 
vii. 218,219. Money of (ate i i 
ing scarce, vii. 220. Reported that 
the Karl of Bellamont, Governor of 
M isg -• Its, "is like to be sent for 
home to England, " vii. 221. 

that the true < vidences of witchcraft 1702, April (J. Joseph Dudley appointed 

had not been insisted upon in the late 
trials and examinations, and that great 
errors had been committed by hoth 
_ straft b and ministers," which, Mr. 
Higginson says, "cannot be ofE i 
to any, hut may he generally accepta- 
ble to all the lovers of "truth and 
peace,*' \. ... 

Govei r Sin i Bradstreet dies at 
m, aged 95, vii. 2 
- M urch 15. Thirty persons killed 
by the Indians at Haverhill, vi. 240. 
Sept 11. Mr. John Whiting, min- 
ister, with twenty of the people of 
Lancaster, killed by the Indians, vi. 

Nov. 17. John Nelson writes that 
the French will endeavour to extend ' 
their limit? unto the River of Kenne- ' 
bee. The River of St George, ahout 
five leagues to the eastward of Pema- 
quid, their former boundary, L 135,136. 
Dec Pi etween 

England and France, vi. 244. 
IG'JO, Jan. Peai e concluded with the In- 
dians, they n Dewing their suhmission 
to the crown of Great Britain which 
had been come into in 1693, vi. 245. 
Rev. John Higgmson, in a good 
measure of health, " preaches his 
turns on Sabbaths and Lectures," vii. 
205 great Bhed by 

the late war with France and the In- 
dians, which held almost U n v< ars, ih. 
£ 1 - Higgim . by his 

aon Nathaniel, in the tune of the war, 
from the Fast Indies, taken by the 
French, vii 

one Governor of Massa- 
chusetts, ix. 101. 

- of laws, &c, to be sent to 
the Cot Trade and 

Plantations in England for approba- 
disallowance, ix. 103. 

The Governor to endeavour that the 
Council pass an act for preserving a 
ce of the 
roj al navy, ix. 1<'G. To permit a lib- 
erty of conscience to all persons (ex- 
cept Papists) so they be quiet and 
peaceable, not giving offence or scan- 
dal to the government, to take care 
that drunkenness and debauchery, 
swearing and blasphemy, he discoun- 
tenanced and punished, ix. 108. The 
affairs of the inhabitants not to be im- 
peded by frequent trainings, ix. 109. 
To aid and assist the Province of New 
York in case of invasion, ix. 112. In 
case of apparent danger, or other ex- 
igency, to take upon himself the su- 
ferior command of the forces of Rhode 
sland, Providence Plantation, and the 
Narraganset Country i r King's Prov- 
ince, ix. 112. Inhuman severity to- 
wards Christian st rvants and sh:' 
be restrained, ix. 114. The conver- 
- and Indians to bi fa- 
cilitated and encouraged by the best 
means the government can find out 
and settle, ix. 111. No book, pam- 
phlet, or other tiki". print- 
ed without the I 

leave and License fir-t Obtained," 

ix. 114. 

Governor Dudlev arrives, vi. 247. 


Chronological Table, 

A Congress appointed in Casco, 
where the Governor and others meet 
the heads of the Indian tribes with 
about two hundred and fifty men, well 
armed. The sagamores seem to act 
in an amicable manner, and subscribe 
articles of their submission to the 
crown of Great Britain, vi. 247. But 
intended " to make the Governor and 
the counsellors with him the victims 
of their treachery that very day," vi. 
248. Several missionaries lately sent 
among them from the friars endeav- 
our to break the union and seduce 
them from the crown of England, vi. 

1702. Aug. 10. About five hundred In- 
dians, with a number of French, make 
a descent on the inhabitants from Cas- 
co to Wells, sparing none of any age 
or sex, vi. 248. 

Many persons killed or taken pris- 
oners by the Indians, vi. 248. 

1703, May 26. John Campbell, Postmas- 
ter of Boston, in a memorial to the 
General Court, states that Thomas 
Neale, Esq., has lost £1400 in set- 
tling the post-office, and that Colonel 
Hamilton was necessitated to take a 
mortgage of the patent before men- 
tioned, vii. 61. 

June. Aid granted to Mr. Camp- 
bell, vii. 64. 

June 16. Col. Robert Quarry, 
Judge of Admiralty in New York and 
Pennsylvania, a kind of government 
spy in this country, vii. 222. In a 
memorial to the Lords Commission- 
ers of Trade, writes that the Presi- 
dent and Council of Pennsylvania 
" would readily comply with the 
Queen's orders, in what lay in their 
powers and not contrary to their con- 
sciences," thinking Mr. Penn has great 
interest with the Queen and ministry, 
vii. 224. Finds no powers of gov- 
ernment conveyed to Mr. Penn ; has 
found the law or act of Assembly 
made here, which is the foundation of 
all his pretences, vii. 225. Reduc- 
ing all the coins of America to one 
standard would tend greatly to the in- 
crease of trade ; exchange in some 
places thirty, forty, and in Pennsyl- 
vania fifty per cent, worse than ster- 
ling, vii. 226. Great disorders in the 
government of South Carolina since 
their disappointment and miscarriage 
against St. Augustine ; the reducing 
St. Augustine will put a stop to the 
French designs, who are endeavour- 
ing from Canada to secure the inland 
parts of the whole main, vii. 227. 
The disorders in Carolina were occa- 
sioned by the illegal voting ; a great 

riot for many days, vii. 228. Sir Na- 
thaniel Johnson publishes his com- 
mission, vii. 229. The present con- 
stitution of the government of New 
England has a great influence on all 
the governments in America ; " Com- 
monwealth notions and Principle, is 
too much improved within these few 
years," vii. 229. The reducing all 
the Provinces on the main of Amer- 
ica to one standard rule and constitu- 
tion of government will make them 
easy, satisfied, and happy ; Col. Dud- 
ley has been forced to dissolve two 
Assemblies, they being resolved to 
choose the very same men, and also 
resolved to oppose him, vii. 230. 
Governor ought to have his support 
immediately from the crown ; a meet- 
ing of all the Governors once a year 
would be of very great service ; " A 
good correspondency" between the 
Governors of Virginia and New York, 
vii. 231. The Governor of Virginia 
borrows money in New York, " to 
answer the Quota of Virginia " for the 
support of Albany, vii. 232. The 
people of Virginia very numerous; 
their almost sole business is planting 
and improving tobacco ; '• have al- 
ways been respectful and obedient," ib. 
On every river of Virginia from ten to 
thirty men of competent estates, who 
take care to keep the poorer sort al- 
ways in their debt, and dependent on 
them ; they consider that this Prov- 
ince is of far greater consequence than 
all the rest ; are uneasy because New 
England has greater privileges, ib, 
The Assembly claim all the rights 
and privileges of an English Par- 
liament; the Council "have vanity 
enough to think that they almost 
stand upon equal Terms with the 
Right Honourable the House of 
Lords " ; Governor Nicholson has put 
a stop to this growing evil, " except a 
few factious spirits in the Council," 
vii. 233. " Now or never is the time 
to maintain and support the Queen's 
Prerogative " in Virginia, vii. 234. 
New York in "miserable, distracted, 
and unhappy circumstances " during 
the government of Lord Bellamont 
and those that succeeded him until the 
arrival of Lord Cornbury ; then " a 
happy change of affairs"; in debt 
£10,000; credit of the government 
ruined ; charge of supporting and de- 
fending this government very great ; 
" Commonwealth notions improve 
daily," vii. 235. Lord Cornbury has 
laid the foundations of a stone fort at 
Albany, vii. 236. The Jerseys have 
been for a long time in confusion, 

Chronological Table. 


baying do government j tin- contests 
of West Jersey, betwixt the Qua- 
kers and those that ore no Qua- 
kera ; the Quakers, less in number, 
supported in the government, have 
for many years insulted and tyran- 
nized over tli«' others. The contest 
in Bast Jerse) , " whether the coun- 

trv shall lie a Scotch settlement or an 

English settlement," vii. 339. Qua- 
kers in Pennsylvania, "finding that 
Mr. IVim cannot secure them in their 
law hss power of Government," are 
willing tu be under her Majesty's Gov- 
ernment, vii. -lit. Commanders of 
ships of war in some of the govern- 
ments here, by ill usage of their men, 
force them to run away from then- 
ships, and then, by pressing men, 
nun the merchants and trade of the 
place, vii. 241. Complaints against 
the commanders of her Majesty's 
ships are become general, Hi. 
1704, Feb. 29. Deerfield attacked by the 
Indians, vi. 252. 

April 7. The French send out a 
shallop with twenty-seven men to in- 
tercept our Southern trade by vessels 
bringing corn and other provisions 
from thence, which is cast away on 
Plymouth shore, vi. 254. 

The Virginia fleet take a French 
store-ship of forty guns, twenty offi- 
cers, and two thousand small arms 
and ammunition answerable, vi. 254. 

Gen. Church, with Col. Gorhain 
and other ofHcers, with five hundred 
and fifty men in fourteen transports, 
and with thirty-six whale-boats. guard- 
ed by three ships of war, sails to Pis- 
cataqua, vi. 255, 256. Goes to Pas- 
Bamaquoddy and Mount Desert; or- 
dered to sail for Port Royal, vi. 256. 
Returns, has the thanks of the General 
Court, and lives to an advanced age, 
vi. SJ57. 

April 24. The Boston News-Let- 
ter, the first paper printed in the Eng- 
lish Colonies, commenced by John 
Campbell, vii. 66. 

Aug. 18. Capt. Gill of Charles- 
town, in a ship of fourteen guns and 
twenty-four men, at Newfoundland, 
furiously attacked by about one hun- 
dred and forty French and Indians, 
bravely defends himself, vi. 260. 

The French send out seven hun- 
dred men, with two friars, under com- 
mand of Monsieur Boncore, on pur- 
pose to fall on Northampton, who, 
tailing into a mutinv among them- 
selves, disperse, vi. 259. 

Indians do much injury at Ames- 
bury, Haverhill, and Exeter, vi. 259. 

Mr. Leverett, from Massachusetts, 

Capt. Gold and Capt. Livenston, from 
Connecticut, sent to renevj the ancient 
friendship with the Fn e Nations of 
Indians, the French having senl mis- 
sionaries tO draw them into their m- 

terests ; thej promise to lt take up the 
hatchet " againsl the French, winch 
is not permitti d by the ( Jot ernoi of 
New York, by reason, as conjectured, 

Of a secret intrigue between him and 

the Governor or Canada, vi. 260. 

1704, Col. Hilton, with two hundred and 

Beventy men, bj order of government, 
goes to Norridgewock in the depth of 

winter, vi. 261. 

1705, May. Measures concerted for ex- 
change of prisoners ; the commission- 
ers obtain but sixty out of one hun- 
dred and eighty-seven of our prison- 
ers, vi. 262. 

Monsieur Supercass [or Subercase] 
comes from Canada, and, with five 
hundred and fifty French, exclusive 
of Indians, ransacks and lays waste 
all the southern English settlements ; 
falls on St. John's, and in a few hours 
makes nearly all the inhabitants pris- 
oners of war, vi. 262. 

1706, Capt. Rouse of Charlcstown, sent 
bv government to fetch captives from 
Port Royal, carries on a private trade 
with the French. Many indicted 
with him of treasonable correspond- 
ence with the enemy, vi. 276. 

1707, Nathaniel Saltonstall dies, ix. 123. 
Gov. Dudley sends an army, under 

the command of Col. John March 
of Newbury, as General, to Port Roy- 
al, " to reduce that fort, and with it 
Acadie or Nova Scotia, to obedience 
to the crown of England," v. ISO. 
The whole number of the forces con- 
sists of about eleven hundred and fifty 
men, v. 191. 

1708, Dec. 9. Rev. John Higginson dies, 
in his ninety-third year, vii. 196. 
Came with his father to New Eng- 
land in the year 1629; was the first 
person admitted to the church in Sa- 
lem after its formation, vii. 222. De- 
sires his children to read often his 
little book Of makinrr Peaccwith God, 
as containing the "substance of all 
saving truth," vii. 222. 

1709, Sept. 10. Jeremiah Dummer, agent 
of Massachusetts, presents a memori- 
al to the English government, show- 
ing that the French possessions on the 
River of Canada belong to the crown 
of Great Pritain, i. 231. 

1710, Feb. 10. Rates of posttige estab- 
lished by the House of Commons in 
England, vii. 70-79. 

1711, Oct. 9. The post-office and Allen's 
printing-house burnt, vii. b'2. 


Chronological Table. 

1713. [New North] Church organized 
in Boston, v. 215. 

1714. May 23. Meeting-house dedicated, 
v. 216. 

Rev. Thomas Prince, author of 
New England Chronology, visits Ley- 
den, ix. 48. 

1715. Elisha Cooke dies, ix. 124. 

1717, Nov. 23. Rev. George Curwin, co- 
pastor with Rev. Nicholas Noyes, at 
JSalem, dies, v. 185. 

Elisha Hutchinson dies, viii. 195. 

1720, April 20. Jeremiah Dummer, agent 
of Massachusetts in London, opposes 
the passage of an act of Parliament, 
petitioned for by the Virginia mer- 
chants, for the free importation of iron 
from the Plantations, i. 140. Had 
addressed a memorial to the Lords 
Commissioners for Trade and Planta- 
tions for confirmation of our right to 
gather salt at Tortugas, and that a 
liberty to cut wood at Campeachy and 
Honduras be granted us at the ensu- 
ing treaty of peace, i. 141. 

Mr. Andros, the nephew and ex- 
ecutor of Sir Edmund, it was believed, 
would make some new motion at the 
Council-board for the pretended ar- 
rears due to him as executor to his 
uncle, i. 143. 

Sir Hovenden Walker publishes a 
Journal of the Expedition to Canada, 
in which are many things relating to 
New England, i. 143. 

People in England, from reading 
the Journals of the Assembly's votes, 
are jealous, and fancy us to be a little 
kind of sovereign state, i. 145. Mr. 
Dummer advises that the Journals be 
not printed, i. 145. 

New England ships sequestered at 
the suit of Mrs. Watts, in England, i. 

Sir William Ashurst dies, i. 146. 

1721, July 13. Cohasset church organ- 
ized, ii. 86. 

1724. Gurdon Saltonstall, Governor of 
Connecticut, dies, ix. 123. 

1728, June. The General Court of Mas- 
sachusetts appoint a committee to lay 
out lands " to the officers and soldiers 
who were in the Narraganset fight," 
ii. 274. 

1730, Nov. 18. Congregational Church in 
Concord, N. H., the oldest in the 
county of Merrimac, organized, i. 154. 

1732. Additional grant to Narraganset 
soldiers, ii. 275. 

1733. Land granted to Narraganset sol 
diers divided into seven townships 
ii. 276. 

1734. June 27. Thanks of the Royal So 
ciety voted to John Winthrop, Esq., for 
curiosities from New England, x. 122. 

1737, May 30. Rev. Edward Holyoke 
chosen President of Harvard College, 
v. 221. 

Dec. 5. Ministers of Boston ad- 
dress the Duke of Newcastle, in con- 
sequence of a forged letter purporting 
to be dated at Boston, 10 July, 1737, 
stating that the appointment of a new 
Governor by the King had occasioned 
joy to the people of Massachusetts, 
"and the ministers of all sorts," ii. 
271. They feel bound to bless God, 
and to thank the King and his minis- 
ters for the continuance of Gov. Bel- 
cher in the chair, ii. 272. 

1740. Peter Faneuil made an offer to 
build, at his own expense, a complete 
edifice in Boston, to be improved for 
a market, which was finished in about 
two years, ii. 53. 

1743, March 3. Peter Faneuil dies sud- 
denly, ii. 54. 

1744. Secretary Willard writes to Mr. 
Whitefield, that many papers had been 
published against him since his leav- 
ing town, and advises him to publish 
something in answer, and to consult 
with his brethren in the ministrv, i. 

1753. Major George Washington's first 
visit to the French commander of the 
troops on the Ohio, v. 101. 

1754. Congress held at Albany, v. 5. 

1756. Josiah Cotton of Plymouth, emi- 
nently skilled in the Indian languages, 
dies, ii. 147. 

1757, Nov. 23. Congregational Church in 
Hopkinton, N. H., organized, i. 153. 

1761, Jan. 25. Hon. John Davis, LL.D., 
born, x. 186. 

1767, Sept. 9. Gov. Pownall applied to 
have Gov. Hutchinson named as one 
of the Board of Revenue in America. 
Gov. Hutchinson to have a handsome 
salary fixed, as Chief Justice, as soon 
as the American revenue shall cre- 
ate a fund. Gov. Pownall, " from prin- 
ciple of affection and gratitude," sup- 
ported and defended the people of 
Massachusetts Bay at the last session 
of Parliament, i. 148, 149. 

1769. American Philosophical Society 
founded, ix. 165. 

Oct. 12. Congregational Church in 
Hillsborough, N. H., gathered, i. 155. 

1770, Jan. 24. Rev. John Barnard dies, 
v. 177. 

Gideon Hawley writes to Lieut. - 
Gov. Hutchinson, giving an account 
of the longevity of some of the Mash- 
pee Indians, i. 150. 
1775, April 19. " Affair of Lexington." 
"Boston surrounded by American 
troops, and all intercourse with the 
country cut off," viii. 278. 

Chronological Table. 


1775, Letters from Dr. Franklin to Rev. 

Dr. Cooper, from 1 Tt >'. • to 1774, car- 
ried to England ; are in the British 
Museum, viii. 278. 

.Ma\ 25. The Provincial Congress 
of Massachusetts take the ooncerns 
of the Massachusetts post-offices into 

their hands vn. B9. 

Aug. Treat] with the sachems and 
warriors of the Biz Nations, v. 75. 

Aug. 7. Gen. Washington, al Cam- 
bridge, tliinks M it Bound policj to be- 
stow offices indiscriminately among 
gentlemen of the differenl govern- 
ments," ami recommends that provis- 
ion I"' made for \ olunteers from Phil- 
adelphia, viii. 3 15. 

Aug. 22. In a letter from Cam- 
bridge, Gen. Washington writes, " we 
have only I - 1 barrels of powder in 
all, which is not sufficient to give 30 
musket cartridges a man, and scarce 
enough to servo the artillery in any 
brisk action a single day," viii. 


1776, March. British troops evacuate 
Boston, v. 257. 

1777, Feb. 7. Hon. John Pickering born, 
x. 20:,. 

1780, Oct. Observations of a solar eclipse 
taken at Long Island, in Penobscot 
Bay, by Professor Williams of Har- 
vard College, x. 1 -7. 

American Academy of Arts and 
Sciences founded, ix. 1G6. 

1783, Nov. 10. Improved construction of 
the air-pump, by Rev. John Prince of 
Salem. Mass., v. 274. 

17^1. The American Congress resolve 
that a letter be written to the Kingof 
France, expressive of their high sense 
of the zeal, talents, and meritorious 
services of the Marquis de la Fayette, 
ii. 40. 

The first volume of the History of 
New Hampshire, by Dr. Belknap, 
published, ix. 166. 

1787. A regiment raised in Massachusetts 
by order of the Continental Congress, 
to suppress an insurrection in the 
western part of the State, i. 205. 

1790. Gov. Bowdoin bequeathes one hun- 
dred pounds and his valuable library 
to the American Academy of Arts and 
Sciences, which society had been 
formed under his influence, ii. 50. 

1791, Jan. 24. Massachusetts Historical 
Society organized; act of incorpora- 
tion dated the l'.'th of the following 
month, ix. 167. Collections placed in 
the upper chamber of the centre build- 
ing of the Tontine Crescent, on the 
south side of Franklin Street, in 1794, 
ix. 167. W "here they remained un- 
til 1833, when the present accom- 

modations were provided] vii. 9 ; x. 


IT: 1. 1 >. i 23. A I discourse di livi r< d bj 
Dr. Belknap in the church in Brattle 
Square, on the completion of three 
centuries since the disco\ ery of Amer- 
ica by Christopher Columbus, ix. 168. 

17!>:{. Treaty with the Indian tribes north- 
wesl of the Ohio, I'm njamin Lincoln, 
Beverley Randolph, and Timothy 
Pickering, Commissioners, v. 109. 

17'.'."), Feb. Brig.-Gen. Francis Marion 
dies, ii. 56. 

Feb. 19. National Thanksgiving, 
vii. 276. 

L796-1823. Instances <d" longevity in 
New Hampshire, i. 155. 

I?: 1 -. Naval force prepared to defend the 
United States, i. 206. 

1S02, Feb. 5. Joseph Orono, chief of the 
Tarratine Indians on the River Pe- 
nobscot, dies, ix. 89. 

1805. Holmes's American Annals, first 
edition, printed, vii. 277. The new 
and enlarged edition printed in 1829, 
vii. 278. 

1807. Napoleon enters Venice, i. 204. 

1809. Successful experiment in Milford, 
Massachusetts, of vaccination as a 
preventive of the small-pox, iii. 20G. 

1814-1620. The Legislature of Massa- 
chusetts contribute largely to the pub- 
lication of Hubbard's 1 listory of New 
England, copying of Plymouth Colo- 
ny Records, and the publication of 
Winthrop's Journal, ii. 258. 

1815- 1826. Bill of Mortality for Am- 
herst, N. H., ii. 298. 

1818-1824. Abstractofthe Bills of Mor- 
tality for the town of Boston, i. 278- 

1821. Cohasset contains eleven hundred 
inhabitants, ii. 109. 

1824, March 7. Gamaliel Bradford, Esq., 
dies, i. 202. 

Oct. 17. William Jones Spooner 
dies, i. 270. 

1825. Documents having reference to the 
Battle of Bunker's Hill, fought 17th 
June, 1775, and other documents to 
illustrate the important events which 
separated the United States from Eng- 
land, placed under the western pillar 
of the United States Branch Bank in 
State Street, Boston, i. 271-277. 

1626. Prince's New England Chronology, 
edited by Hon. N. Hale, vii. 7. 

The last and best edition of Mor- 
ton's "New England's .Memorial" 
printed at Boston, greatly enlarged 
and improved by the notes of the ed- 
itor, the Hon. .Indue D;,\is, vi. L57. 

1629. Samuel Davis, Esq., dies, v. 254. 
March 1. Hon. Christopher Gore 
dies, iii. 20 I 


Chronological Table, 

1833, Feb. 5. Rev. Ezra Shaw Goodwin 

dies, v. 283. 

March 6. James Bowdoin dies, ix. 


July 19. Rev. John Allyn, D. D., 

dies, v. 246. 
1833-1836. Bills of Mortality for the 

city of Boston, v. 288. 
1835, Nov. 14. Rev. James Freeman,D.D., 

dies, v. 269. 

1836, June 7. Rev. John Prince, LL. D., 
dies, v. 272. 

Diseases and Deaths in the city of 
Boston, vi. 285. 

1837, June 4. Rev. Abiel Holmes, D. D., 
dies, vii. 280. 

1839, Oct. 22. Gamaliel Bradford, M. D., 
dies, ix. 77. 

1842, July 3. James Grahame, author of 
the History of the United States of 
North America, dies, ix. 39. 

1843. The " Body of Liberties " of Mas- 
sachusetts, adopted in 1641, first print- 
ed from an ancient manuscript, edited 
by Hon. F.C.Gray, viii. 191 ; x.235. 

May 29. A Discourse delivered by 

Hon. John Q,. Adams before the Mas- 
sachusetts Historical Society, in cele- 
bration of the Second Centennial An- 
niversary of the New England Con- 
federacy of 1643, ix. 189. 

1843, Aug. 2. Rev. F. W. P. Greenwood, 
D. D., dies, x. 225. 

Aug. 11. Rev. Jonathan Homer, 
D. D., dies, x. 225. 

Sept. 22. Rev. Henry Ware, Jr., 
D. D., dies, x. 225. 

Oct. 5. William Lincoln, Esq., 
dies, x. 225. 

Dec. 18. Samuel P. Gardner, Esq., 
dies, x. 225. 

1844, Oct. 31. A Discourse pronounced 
before the Massachusetts Historical 
Society, on the completion of fifty 
years from its incorporation, by Hon. 
John G. Palfrey, ix. 165. 

1845, May 8. Hon. Leverett Saltonstall 
dies, ix. 119. 

1846, May 5. Hon. John Pickering, 
LL.D., dies, x. 218. 

1847, Jan. 14. Hon. John Davis, LL. D., 
dies, x. 196. 



Aawaysewaukit, Sachem at Mittaubscut, 
i. 71. 

Abbadie, , ii. 26, 27. 

Abl)ot, Benjamin, i. 124. 

Abbot, John, i. 157. 

Abbot, Major John D., i. 295. 

Abbot, Rev. Hull, ii. 92. 

Abbot, Rev. Jacob, ii. 301; iii. 187. 

Abbot, Abiel, ii. 301. 

Abbot, Rev. Ephraim, ii. 304; iii. 1S7. 

Abbot, Sarah, ii. 319. 

Abbot, Francis, vi. 130. 

. 255. 
riii. 255 ; 

viii. 300. 

Abbot, Jo. 

Abbot, Marie, viii. 255 ; x. 123. 

Abbot, . 

Abbot, Dr. Benjamin, ix. 117. 

Abduction by pirates, vii. 157. 

Abdv, Matthew, viii. 267. 

Abel, being dead, yet speaketh. Life and 

death of Rev. John Cotton, viii. 204. 
Abenakis Indians, v. 05. 
Aberdeen, Earl of, viii. 341, 342. 
Aberemet, Indian sagamore, vi. 54. 
Abraham, .Mohawk sachem, speeches of, 

v. 40, 43, 7!), 02. 
Absalom, Widow, i. 151. 
Academia Real das Sciencias de Lisboa, 

v. 298. 
Acadie, i. 28,04,114. Discovery of, 231. 

Granted to Sir William Alexander, 232. 

Or Nova Scotia, v. 04. Expedition to, 

in 1707, 139. 
Accomack, vi. 108, 119. 
Accominticus, iii. 22; vi. 107, 118. 
Acquednick Island, i. 2. 
Acts of Parliament burnt, ii. 357. 
Adam, Indian, iii. 101. 
Adams, John, President, i. 287 ; ii. 54; 

ix. 24, 40, 171 ; x. 190. Extract from 

his letter to Hon. W. Tndor, vi. 155. 
Adams, Hon. John Q,., i.2-7; iii. 406, 

407; vi. 299; vii. 202. His Discourse 

on the Second Centennial Anniversary 

of the Confederacy of 1043, ix. 189. 

vol. x. 34 

Adams, Ri 


Adams, Elizabeth, ii. 207. 

Adams, Rev. Joseph, ii. 304. 

Adams, Joseph, ib. 

Adams, Henry, ib. 

Adams, Rev. Hugh, ii. 305,300. 

Adams, Rev. John, ii. 300. 

Adams, Matthew, ib. 

Adams, Rev. Joseph, ii. 307. 

Adams, Samuel, iii. 193. 

Adams, Thomas, iii. 320. 

Adams, Edward, iv. 200. 

Adams, George, v. 275, 270. 

Adams, Rev. Jasper, D. D., v. 294, 295 ; 

vi. 205, 208; vii. 203. 
Adams, Josiah, v. '2! '(>. 
Adams, Daniel, vi. 299. 
Adams, William, vii. 219. 
Adams, Conrad, ib. 
Adams, Hon. Charles F., viii. 4. 
Adams, William, viii. 203. 
Adams, Dorothe, viii. 270. 
Adams, Rev. Amos, of Roxbury, viii. 

Adams, Richard, viii. 200. 
Adams, Susan, ib. 
Adams, Mrs., ix. 49. 

Addington, Isaac, i. 90; vii. 54, 102; x.121. 
Address of inhabitants of Providence to 

Massachusetts government in relation to 

Samuel Gorton, i. 2. 
Address of Ministers of Boston to the 

Duke of Newcastle, ii. 271. 
Adelung, Don. Frederick, i. 289. 
Adiawando, Indian chief, vi. 247. 

Adis, , x. 20. 

Adventurers for plantation on the coast of 

Florida, i. 55. 
Advertisements for the unexperienced 

planters of New England, by Capt. John 

Smith, iii. 1. 
Agamcus, Indian captain, vi. 224. 
Agamenticus, iii. 22; \i. 14, 107,118. 
Agawam, or Springfield, i. 229, or Agua- 

wam, vi. 13. 
Aggawom, or Ipswich, vi. 107, or Auga- 


General Index. 

woam, iii. 22, or Auguan, 37, or Ago- 
wamin, 324, or Augoam, vi. 118. 

Ahanausquatuck, x. 10. 

Ahanquit, vi. 235. 

Ahassombamett, vi. 234. 

Aignan, quoted, ii. 19, 39, 40,41,58. 

Aiken, Rev. Silas, iii. 184. 

Ainsworth, Rev. Henry, ix. 51, 254. 

Air-pump, improved construction of, v. 

Aitteon, Indian sagamore, ix. 90,93, 98. 

Aix-la-Chapelle, treaty of, v. 64, 67 ; ix. 

Albany, i. 87. Taken from the Dutch, 
iii. 314, 391. Congress held at, in 1754, 
v. 18-74. Treaty with the Six Nations 
held at, in 1775, 75-100. Letter to 
committee of, 80. Their reply, 81, 82. 
Indian land taken by, 96, 97, 100. De- 
scription of, 112. Garrison strengthen- 
ed, x. 63. 

Albemarle, Duke of, grant to, i. 55. 

Albert, Daniel, i. 157. 

Albert, Pierre A., ii. 35. 

Albigenses and Waldenses, ii. 2. 

Albon, Alice, viii. 272. 

Alborough, John, vii. 165, 167. 

Alcedo's Geog. and Hist. Dictionary cited, 
ii. 7. 

Alcocke, Francis, x. 145. 

Aldburgh, John, x. 144. 

Alden, John, i. 87. 

Alden, Capt. John, Sen., i. 112. 

Alden, John, Jr., i. 114. 

Alden, Nathaniel, ib. 

Alden, Samuel, i. 203. 

Alden, J[ohn]. ib. 

Alden, Rev. Timothy, i. 289, 292, 293, 
295; ii. 309, 320, 365; v. 292; vii. 22; 
ix. 170. His letter to Rev. A. Holmes, 
vi. 141. 

Alden, Samuel, iii. 207. 

Alden, Capt., v. 194. 

Alden's Collection of Epitaphs, &c, re- 
ferred to, ii. 302 ; ix. 89. 

Aldersey, Samuel, iii. 326. 

Aldersy, , viii. 324. 

Alecock, Annis, viii. 268. 

Alexander VI., Pope of Rome, divides the 
world between the Portuguese and Span 
iards, iii. 360 ; ix. 201. 

Alexander, Sir William, i. 232. Nova 
Scotia granted to, vi. 78 ; vii. 90. 

Alexander, , ii. 329. 

Alexander, James, v. 6. 

Alexander, William, v. 55, 56. 

Alexis, Tomar Soc, Indian governor, ix. 

Alford, William, ix. 267. 

Aliquippa, Indian queen, v. 107. 

Allden. Robert, vii. 297. 

Allen, Rev. , of Dedham, i. 18 

iii. 93; iv. 41. 

Allen, Rev. James, i. 134; iii. 180; vii 

Allen, Deborah, i. 156. 
Allen, Samuel, ib. 
Allen, James, i. 237, 239, 241. 
Allen, Joseph, i. 287. 
Allen, Philip, ii. 31, 64. 
Allen, Rev. William, ii. 304. 

Allen, Rev. , ii. 316. 

Allen, Rev. , of Charlestown, iii. 

Allen, Rev. Thomas, his letter, 1651, iv. 

194; viii. 247, 317, 318. 
Allen, William, v. 190. 
Allen, Capt., vi. 259. 
Allen, Rev. Dr. W., vii. 26. 
Allen, Capt. John, vii. 92, 93, 120. 
Allen, Daniel, vii. 162. 
Allen, Jeremiah, vii. 289. 
Allen, James, ib. 
Allen, John, viii. 250. 
Allen, Robert, ib. 
Allen, James, ib. 
Allen, Jo., viii. 265. 
Allen, Ann, ib. 
Allen, John, viii. 317. 
Allen, Robert, viii. 318. 
Allen, Thomas, ib. 
Allen's Biog. Dictionary referred to, ii. 

50; iii. 299; vii. 6,8. 
Allen's printing-house burnt, vii. 82. 
Allerton, Isaac, i. 230 ; viii. 320 ; ix. 249, 

252, 257, 263. Memoir of, vii. 243, 301. 

Copy of his will, 246. 
Allerton, Mrs., vii. 244, 245, 303. 
Allerton, Isaac, Jr., vii. 246, 247, (or third) 

Allerton, Johanna, vii. 247, 249. 
Allerton, Elizabeth, vii. 247,248,249,303. 

Allerton, , x. 21. 

Alley, Hugh, viii. 267; x. 130. 

Allin, Rev. , iv. 231. 

Ailing, Rev. James, ii. 310. 

Allix, ■ , minister, ii. 26, 27, 49. 

Allott, Adam, x. 145. 
Allyn, John, i. 118. 

Allyn, , ib. 

Allyn, Rev. Dr. John, of Duxbury, i.287. 

Memoir of, v. 245. 
Allyn, J., x. 64. 
Allyn, Mathew, x. 74, 75. 
Almack, Richard, viii. 296. 
Almie, Chr., viii. 266. 
Almond, Awdrey, ib. 
Almond, William, ib. 
Almy, Annis, ib. 
Alsop, Joseph, x. 11, 13, 14. 

Alsop, , x. 21, or AIsup, 36, 58. 

Alsopp, Joseph, viii. 258. 

Alsopp, Thomas, viii. 264. 

Alwood, Richard, x. 138. 

Amadas, or Amedas, Capt. Philip, iii. 51, 

Amasconly, vi. 247. 
Amassacanty, Indian fort at, vi. 246. 
America, board of revenue in, i. 148. 

French Protestants come to, ii. 27 ; iv. 

General Index. 


L19. Nrw voyages to, by thfe Baron la 
Hontan, quoted, it. 51. Chronological 
observations of, from A. M. 3720 to \ D. 
Hi?:!, iii. 355. English title to, v. 64- 
69; riii. 95. Sir Ferdinando Gorges'e 
narration <>i" original undertakings of 

t dentations in, reprinted, vi. 45— '93. 
tich's catalogue * »i* books relating to, 
quoted, vi. 96! Inducements for plant- 
ing, viii. l'."), 101. Description of, by 
George Gardyner, 295. A k<-\ into the 
Language of, l»\ Roger \\ illiams, il>. 

America and England;, relation of difficul- 
ties between, v. 87 - '.'<). 

" America painted t<> tin- Life," reference 
ti>, \ i. It) : viii. 294. 

American Academy of Arts and (Sciences, 
ii. ."»() ; iii. I'd'.) ; ix. L66 ; x. L88, 205, 214, 

American Annals, Holmes's, referred to, 
vii. 8, 24. 

American Antiquarian Society, vi. 299; 
vii. 292, 2:>4 ; ix. 170. 

American Apollo, vii. 12. 

American Association for the Promotion 
of Literature, iii. 407. 

American Board of Commissioners for For- 
eign Missions, i. 2 »?. 

American Biography, Belknap's, referred 
to, vii. 9, r>. 

American Coins, account of, vii. 2S2. 

American Colonies, memorial on the state 
of, 17i>3, vii. 223. 

American Education Society, iii. 406; vi. 
295, 297; vii. 272,279. 

American .Medals, description of, iv.297; 
vi. 286. 

American Philosophical Societv, ii- 365; 
ui. 406 : v. 291 ; vi. 299; vii. 22, 295; 
ix. 165. 

American Plantations, subsidy-men not to 
pass to, without license, viii. 274. 

Americus Vespucius, iii. 361 ; vii. 285. 

Ames, Lucy, i. 157. 

Ames, Hepnzibah, ii. 96. 

Ames, Rev. William, viii. 247; ix. 52,72; 
x. 164. Dies, his wife and family come 
to New England, x. 169. 

Ames, William, son of preceding, x. 169. 

Am; sbury, iv. 290; vi. 224,259,277. 

Amherst, N.IL, incorporated 1760, ii.273. 
Bill of mortality, 1815-1826, ii. 298. 
Churches and ministers, iii. 183; iv. 293. 

Amonoscougin Fort burnt by the English, 
vi. 224. 

Amdrct, Indian, carried to England, viii. 
145, 157. 

Amoscongcn, i. 113. 

Amyrault, ii. 26. 

Anabaptists, iii. 331. 

Anatomy, tir-t in New England, i\. 57. 

Ancient and Honorable Artillery Compa- 
ny, ii. 366. 

Ancient Fortifications, ruins of, v. 150. 

Ancillon, , ii. 27. 

Anderson, Dr. Robert, of Edinburgh, i. 
289 ; in. 406. 

Anderson, Rev. , v. 199,901. 

Anderson's History of Commerce quoted, 

ii. 1-v 

Andover, iii. 324 ; i\ . 290 ;, vi. 24 1. 

Andrew , John, \ ii. 183. 

\ndreues, Richard, Ins letter to Gov. 
\\ inthrop, i. 21. Thanks Noted to him 
by the General Court, 2::, 202. 

Andrewes, Elizabeth, viii. 259. 

\ndie\\ is, Jane, ib, 
\lldieu 68, Samuel, ib. 

Andrewes, William, viii. 319. 



Vndrewes, William, \. L40. 

Andrews, Daniel, iv. 2'.)1 . 

Andrews, Thomas, Hi. 

Andros, Sir Edmund, i. 83, .-.">, 96, loo, 

101-112,143,228. Letter to, from J, dm 
Talcott, iii. 167; iv.2-!»; vi. 202, 204- 
206. His commission, vii. 139. Papers 
relative to the period of his usurpation, 
150-195; viii. 338; ix. 123,181; x.112. 
Letters to J. Winthrop, Jr., 115, 116. 

Andros, Ensign, vii. 179. 

Andross, , nephew and executor of 

Sir Edmund, i. 143. 

Angier, Edmund, x. 166. 

Angicr, Elizabeth, ib. 

Angier, John, ib. 

Angier, Oakes, x. 188. 

Anglesey, Lord, ix. 181. 

Animal Magnetism, v. 154. 

Anjou, Duke of* ii. 9. 

Annals of Concord referred to, i. 154. 

Anne, Queen of England, ii. 63 ; v. 205. 

Annexation of lower counties to Pennsyl- 
vania, vii. 225, 226. 

Annisquam, or Wonnasquam, iii. 323. 

Anogamey, Indian, i. 229. 

Antinomian and Familistical errors broach- 
ed and condemned, iii. 381. 

Antinomians, rise, reign, and ruin of the, 
viii. 285. 

Antislavery cause, ix. 80. 

Antony, a praying Indian, iv. 255. 

Antram, Thomas, viii. 320. 

Antrobus, Joan, viii. 254. 

Apple and pear trees planted in New Eng- 
land, iii. 317; ix. 265. 

Appledore, now Gosport, ii. 312. 

Appleton, Rev. Nathaniel, ii.272. 

Applcton, Francis, ii. 300. 

Appleton, Rev. Jesse, D. D., ib. 

Appleton, John, ib. 

Appleton, Col. Samuel, v. 189-193. 

Appleton, Nathan, v. 299. 

Appleton, Capt., vi. 181, 262. 

Appleton, .'Major [Samuel?], vi. 181,187, 

L88, 232; x. 120. 

Appleton, Judge, vi. 232. 

Aqnaincnticus River, viii. 165. 

Aquawoce, ix. 285. Mourned for by sa- 
chems, 290. 


General Index. 

Aquedenick, i. 168, Aquedneck, viii. 292, 
Aquednetic, i. 160, Aquedney, iii. 96, 
Aquethneck, i. 13, Aquidneck, or Rhode 
Island, ix. 210. 

Arbella, ship, iii. 377. 

Archdale, , agent of Sir Ferdinan- 

do Gorges, iii. 391. 

Archdale, Rev. Dr., viii. 249. 

Archer, Gabriel, viii. 69. His relation of 
Capt. Gosnold's voyage to America, 72 

Archisden, Rev. Thomas, letter to Ed- 
ward Howes, ix. 239; or Arkisden,240, 
242, 244, 255. 

Argal, Sir Samuel, Governor of Virginia, 
iii. 313, 372, 373. 

Arguments against relinquishing the Char- 
ter, i. 74. 

Armada, Spanish, defeated, iii. 368. 

Armstrong, S. T., i. 299. 

Armstrong, Col., vi. 143. 

Armstronge, Mrs., i. 199. 

Armstrong Village, vi. 142. 

Arnault, John, ii. 63. 

Arnold, Benedict, i. 4; ix. 272, 284. 

Arnold, , i. 7. 

Arnold, William, i. 11, 177; ix. 272. 

Arnold, , vi. 192. 

Arnold, General, vi. 283. 

Arnold, Richard, vii. 165, 167. 

Arnold, Ann, viii. 268. 

Arnold, Jesper, ib. 

Arnold, , x. 41. 

Arowsick Island in Kennebec River, vi. 

Artel, , vi. 210. 

Arthur, John, iv. 263. 

Arundel, Earl of, vi. 50; viii. 127, 161. 

Ascham, Anthony, ii. 333. 

Ashbey, Alice, viii. 265 ; x. 129. 

Ashburton, Lord, viii. 305. 

Ashe, Simeon, iv. 30, 35, 159, 263. 

Ashley, Capt., viii. 271. 

Ashmole's Antiquities of Berkshire re- 
ferred to, viii. 316. 

Ashton, James, x. 40. 

Ashurst, Alderman, i. 63. 

Ashurst, Sir Henry, a friend to New Eng- 
land, i. 119 ; ii. 35. 

Ashurst, Sir William, i. 146; v. 199. 

Askam, , viii. 343. 

Askew, Sir George, i. 33. 

Aspinwall, Thomas, vi. 295 ; viii. 70 ; 
ix. 128. 

Aspinwall, William, viii. 192, 193, 194; x. 

Assacombuit, Indian sachem, vi. 244, 249. 

Assacumet, vi. 52, 59. 

Assembly of divines at Boston, viii. 294. 

Assistants, how chosen, viii. 200. 

Assistants, Court of, its jurisdiction, viii. 
200, 201, 332. Held in Charlestown, 
ix. 120. 

Astin, George, vi. 264. 

Astwood, John, viii. 254. 

Astwood, Capt., x. 7. 

Athenseus, iii. 357. 

Atherston, Jo., viii. 260 ; x. 129. 

Atherton, Humphrey, i. 30 ; iii. 390 ; vi. 
192 ; ix. 272 - 275, 289, 290. And oth- 
ers buy land of Indians, i. 213, 214. Ti- 
tle disputed, 219 - 228. 

Atherton, Hon. Charles H., i. 289. 

Atherton, Lieut., vii. 108. 

Atkins, Dudley, ii. 284. 

Atkins, Mrs. Sarah, ii. 284, 288. 

Atkins, Capt., v. 190. 

Atkins (see Tyng), x. 187, 188. 

Atkinson, Theodore, v. 10. 

Atkinson, Mrs. Theodore, vi. 298. 

Atkyns, Dr. , ii. 294. 

Atlantic and Pacific Oceans, communica- 
tion between, proposed in 1602, viii. 

Atlantis Island, iii. 355, 357. 

Atterton, Thomas, ii. 66. 

Atwater, , x. 30, 33. 

Atwood, Anne, i. 299. 

Atwood, Jonathan, ii. 267. 

Atwood, Philip, viii. 255, 259. 

Auchmuty, Jane, viii. 311. 

Auchmuty, Sir Samuel, ib. 

Auchmuty, Rev. Dr., ib. 

Aucocisco, iii. 22; vi. 107. 

Audley, , ix. 256. 

Augumeaticus, or Agamenticus, vi. 14. 

Augur, , x. 43. 

Aumoughcawgen, iii. 22 ; vi. 107, 117. 

Auquontis, ix. 284, 292. 

Austen, Jonas, viii. 274. 

Austin, Hon. James T., ii. 367 ; v. 295, 
299 ; vi. 295. 

Austin, Matthew, vi. 259. 

Austin, John, viii. 274, 275. 

Austin, Richard, x. 144. 

Autobiography of Rev. John Barnard, v. 

Avery, Mary, ii. 296. 

Avery, , vii. 249. 

Avery, John, viii. 247. 

Avery, Mrs. Elizabeth, viii. 288. 

Avery, Lieut., x. 118. 

Averye, Christopher, x. 139. 

Awansomeck, vi. 235. 

Awetipimo, i. 167. 

Awsapha taken from the Dutch and 
Swedes, iii. 314, 391. 

Axtell, , ii. 354. 

Ayanemo, ix. 300, 301. 

Ayer, Peter, iv. 291. 

Aylot, Dr., i. 241. 

Ayres, Anna, viii. 261. 

Ayres, Benjamin, ib. 

Ayres, Christian, ib. 

Ayres, Dorothy, ib. 

Ayres, Marie, ib. 

Ayres, Rebecca, ib. 

Ayres, Sara, ib. 

Ayres, Symon, ib. 

Ayres, Thomas, ib. 

General Index. 



Babb, Capi. Thomas, riii. 271, 

Baboook, ( lapt. James, vi. 1 7\J. 

Bacheller, Rev. [Stephen], iii.94, 382. 

Bachelor, Elizabeth, viii. 276. 

Bachelor, I lenry, ib. 

Bachelor, John, ib. 

Bachelor, Joseph, is. 

Bachelor, Martha, ib. 

Backus'e History of the Baptists in New 
England referred to, i\. 43. 

Bacon, Goodman, i. 243. 

Bacon, .Nathaniel, i. L68. 

Bacon, Rev. Jacob, ii. 815. 

Bacon, Francis, ii. 350. 

Bacon, Leonard, his .Memoir of Isaac Al- 
ienor), vii. 243,301. 

Bacon, George, viii. 256; x. 123. 

Bacon, John, viii. 256. 

Bacon, Samuel, ib. 

Bacon, Snsan, to. 

Bacon, Lord, quoted, x. 197. 

BacOt, , ii. 57. 

Badger, Samuel, i. 157. 

Badger, Rev. Moses, ix. 124. 

Badger, William, ix. 278. 

Bagatawawongon, vi. 235. 

Bagley, John, iii. 159. 

Bailey, 1 lenry, vii. 25:5. 

Bailey, Rev. John, vii. 239. 

Baker, Gardiner, i. 290. 

Baker, Samuel, ii. 66. 

Baker, John, iii. 387. 

Baker, Thomas, iv. 290. 

Baker, Daniel, vi. 130, 134. 

Baker, Cornelius, vii. 25;;. 

Baker, Hannah, vii. 256. 

Baker, Nicholas, viii. 243. 

Baker, Francis, viii. 251. 

Baker, Alexander, viii. 262. 

Baker, Christian, ib. 

Baker, Elizabeth, ib. 

Baker, Samuel, viii. 2C4. 

Baker, , viii. 309. 

Baker, Capt., viii. 325. 

Balch, Rev. William, ii. 317. 

Batch, Benjamin, vii. '253. 

Balch, John, vii. 254. 

Baldin, John, viii. 269. 

Baldin, William, ib. 

Baldwin. King of Jerusalem, ii. 78. 

Baldwin, Christopher C, x. 227, 223. 

Baldwin's History of Yale College re- 
ferred to, vii. 271 . 

Ball, , iii. 119. 

Ballard, Elizabeth, viii. 270. 

Ballard, Hester, ib. 

Ballard, Jo., ib. 

Ballard, William, ib. 

Baltimore, Cecil, Lord, ii. 339. 

Bancks, Caleb, viii. 274. 

Bancroft, Ceorge, v. 291. 

Bancroft, Lieut., vi. 218. 

Bancroft's History of the United States 

referred to, ix. 26, 27, 2'.), 31, 3.2, 49, 

Hams, .Martha, vin. 'J70. 

Banfill, John, i. 156 

Bangs, Edward 1)., iii. 407. 

Bankes, Peter, x. 135. 

Banks, Sir Thomas C, viii. 309 

Banshott, Thomas, x. 145. 

Bant, Capt., v. 215. 

15an\ ar, , v. 18. 

Bapson, Ebenezer, vi. 232. 

Baptism, divisions in Hartford church con- 
cerning, X. (ill. 

Baptisms, marriages, and burials, x. 136- 

Baptists, x. 72. 

Baptizing of children, contention about, at 
Pascattaqua, iii. 98. 

Barbadoes, iii. 376; ix. 292. 

Barbauld, Mrs., ix. 5. 

Barber, Thomas, vi. 164. 

Barber, J. W\, vii. 295. 

Barber, Thomas, viii. 252; x. 127. 

Barberie, Jean, ii. 65. 

Barbot, John, ii. 66, 67. 

Barbour, Rev. Isaac R., ii. 361 ; iii. 189. 

Barbut, , ii. 60. 

Barlow, Capt. Artbur, iii. 51, 366. 

Barlow, Thomas, Bishop of Lincoln, viii. 

Barkeley, Alderman, vii. 98. 

Barkeley, Isaac, ib. 

Barker, , vii. 149. 

Barker, , viii. 309. 

Marker, , ix. 244. 

Barnard, Rev. John, of Andovcr, i. 154. 

Barnard, Rev. Jeremiah, i. 158. 

Barnard, Mary, ib. 

Barnard, Rev. Edward, ii. 302, 310. 

Barnard, Rev. Jeremiah, iii. 133. 

Barnard, Rev. Stepben A., iii. 184. 

Barnard, Rev. Jobn, of Marblebead, auto- 
biography of, v. 177; vi. 154. 

Barnard, Esther, v. 178. 

Barnard, John, ib. 

Barnard, Rev. [Tbomas, D.D.], of Salem, 
v. 280, 281. 

Barnard, Rev. Tbomas, of Andover, vi. 

Barnardiston, Serjeant, viii. 277. 

Barnes, Jobn, i. 171. 

Barnes, Abraham, v. 17, 13. 

Barnes, Rev. David, v. 245. 

Barnes, Joseph, x. 88. 

Barneveldt, , ix. 59. 

Barns, Rev. Jonatban, of Hillsborough, i. 

Barns, Rev. David, ii. 93. 

Baron, Daniel, i. 45. 

Barra, Capt., vi. 136. 

Barrel, Robert, viii. 274. 

Barrett, Rev. Samuel, iii. 187. 

Barrett, Joseph, iii. 407. 

Barrett, Humphrey, iv. 291. 

Barrett, Thomas, viii. 261. 


General Index. 

-, ix. 73. 

Barrow, - 

Barruel, Abbe, History of the Clergy 

quoted, ii. 38. 
Barrus, Experience, i. 157. 
Barstow, Rev. Zedekiah S., ii. 316. 
Bartlett, Hon. Josiah, i. 287. 
Barton, Dr. Benjamin S., i. 290. 
Barton, William, ib. 
Barton, Rev. William, ii. 334. 
Bashaba killed by the Tarentines, vi. 90. 
Bashabas, title of Indian king, vi. 54, 55, 

57 ; viii. 142, 147. 
Bashabes of Penobscot, iii. 22; vi. 107, 


Basse, Edward, i. 199. 

Basset, , ii. 53. 

Basset, Thomas, viii. 252. 

Bassett, Rev. John, i. 290. 

Bassett, William, viii. 266. 

Bass River, vii. 250. 

Bass River Side, now Beverly, vii. 250, 

Bastable, now Salem, iii. 35. 
Batchelder, Josiah, i. 156. 
Batchelder, Martha, i. 157. 
Batchelder, Hannah, ii. 295. 
Batchelor, Rev. Stephen, ii. 299. 
Bate, Alice, viii. 261. 
Bate, James, ib. 
Bate, Lydia, ib. 
Bate, Margaret, ib. 
Bate, Marie, ib. 

Bates, Joseph, ii. 88. Deacon, 90. 
Bates, Rev. Dr. Joshua, ii. 99. 
Bates, Ann, viii. 255. 
Bates, Benj., ib. 
Bates, Clement, ib. 
Bates, James, ib. 
Bates, Joseph, ib. 
Bates, Rachel, ib. 
Bates, James, viii. 261. 
Batt, Nicholas, viii. 320. 
Batt, Anne, x. 145. 
Batt, Christopher, ib. 
Batt, Dorothie, ib. 
Batten, Robert, x. 144. 
Batter, Edmund, viii. 320. 

Baudoin, , ii. 51. 

Baudoin, Jean, ii. 60. 

Baudouin, Pierre, ancestor of the Bow- 

doins, ii. 49, 50, 57, 63. 
Baudouin, Francois, ii. 50. 
Baudouin, I., ib. 
Baudouin, Sebastian, ib. 
Baudouin, , ii. 60. Spelt " Bour- 

dine," 81. 
Baxter, [Richard?], i. 63; ii. 342. 
Bayard, Samuel, i. 290. 
Bayard, Nicolas, x. 109. 
Bay ley, Hannah, i. 157. 
Bayley, Rev. Josiah, ii. 301. 
Bayley, Rev. Abner, ii. 317. 
Bayley, Capt. John, vii. 98. 
Bayley, Palmer, viii. 256. 

Bayley, Richard, x. 145. 

Baylie, Robert, viii. 272. 

Baylie, Robert, ix. 46. 

Baylie, Agnes, x. 138. 

Baylies, Hon. William, i. 287; vii. 9,17; 
ix. 170. 

Baylies, Rev. Frederic, ii. 368. 

Baylies, Hon. Francis, iii. 128. 

Beache, George, x. 135. 

Beadslea, John, viii. 254 ; x. 128. 

Beadslea, Joseph, ib. 

Beadslea, Marie, ib. 

Beadsley, Marie, ib. 

Beal, Jonathan, ii. 96. 

Beal, Nathaniel, iv. 291. 

Beale, Sara, viii. 264. 

Beale, , viii. 318. 

Beamond, Jo., viii. 259. 

Beamond, William, ib. 

Bean, Lydia, i. 157. 

Beards, Elizabeth, viii. 261. 

Beardsley, William, viii. 254; x. 128. 

Bear Swamp, iv. 40. 

Beausobre, , ii. 26. 

Beaver, ix. 247, 259, 263,264. 

Bechamp, , i. 21, 23. 

Beck, Paul, Jr., i. 273. 

Beck, Henry, viii. 271. 

Beckett, Stephen, x. 144. 

Becklye, Mrs., x. 15. 

Bedford, town of, ii. 278. 

Beede, Elizabeth, ii. 297. 

Beede, Jonathan, ii. 298. 

Beede, Rev. Thomas, iii. 184. 

Beekman, John, v. 23. 

Beekman, Hon. Thomas, vi. 296. 

Beers, Capt., vi. 180. 

Beetes, John, x. 143. 

Belcher, Gov. Jonathan, ii. 271, 272 ; vii. 

Belcher, Mary Ann, iii. 207. 

Belcher, Moses, vi. 219. 

Belcher, Andrew, vii. 68. 

Belcher, Hon. Andrew, vii. 287. 

Belcher, Jeremy, viii. 259. 

Belcher, Edward, viii. 267. 

Bel Isle, i. 28. 

Belknap, Rev. Jeremy, i. 287, 292, 293 ; 
ii. 307, 309; v. 291 ; vii. 8-17.27,291 ; 
ix. 70, 166, 168, 171, 174. 

Belknap, Joseph, vii. 72. 

Belknap's American Biography referred 
to, vi. 96. 

Belknap's History of New Hampshire re- 
ferred to, ii. 305, 308, 312 ; ix. 174. 

Belle-Ile, Mons., vii. 115. 

Bellingham, Gov. Richard, i. 37, 49, 164, 
169, 173, 177 ; iii. 94, 138, 326, 383, 388, 
400; viii. 204-211, 344; ix. 300. Let- 
ter from the Governor and Council of 
Connecticut to, x. 63. 

Bellomont, Earl of, ii. 64, 331 ; viii. 221. 
Letter to G. Bernon, ii. 65. 

Bellowes, Jo , viii. 255. 

Bement, Gamaliel, viii. 263. 

General Index. 


., x. 33,34. 

Benham, - 

Ben-Israel, Rabbi, of opinion that the Ten 

Tribe8were transported to America, i\. 

7:5, 119, 120. 
Bennet, Col., ii. 3 13. 
Bennet, John, vii. 853. 
Bennet, Jane, viii. 262. 
Bennett, Richard, ii. 339. 
Bennett, Rev. Solomon, iii. 185. 
Bennett, Samuel, viii. 270. 

Benoist, , ii. 57. 

Benson, , x. L33. 

Bent, Catherine, iii. '207. 

Bent, Susanna, ih. 

Bentalon, Col. Paul, vii. 292. 

Bentil Oglio, Cardinal, ix. .V2. 

Bentley, Rev. Dr. William, of Salem, i. 
287 ; ii. 62; v. 256; vii. 7,291. 

Bentley, William, vii. Id3. 

Bentley, Mary, viii. 270. 

Bentley, Alice, viii. 273. 

Bentley, Jo., ib. 

Bentley, William, ib. 

Benton, Rev. , iii. 406. 

Beresford, Rev. , v. L97. 

Beresto, George, viii. '272. 

Beresto, William, ib. 

Berkley, George, D. D., ii. 70, 72 ; vii. 

Berkley, Sir William, Governor of Vir- 
ginia, z. 106. 

Bermudas, iii. 362, 372, 373, 375 ; vi. 41, 

Bermuduz, or Bermudas, John, iii. 362. 

Bernaldez, Andres, History of the Catho- 
lic Sovereigns, extract from, viii. 1. 

Bernard, John, z. Ill, 142. 

Bernard, Phebe, x. 141. 

Bernard, John, z. 142. 

Bernard, Samuel, ib. 

Bernard, John, x. 143. 

-, x. 160, 161. 


Bernington, Agnes, viii. 313 

Bernon, Gabriel, ii. 31, 34, 51, 50. Pro- 
motes the settling of New Oxford, 60,64, 
()•"), 66, 67. His title disputed, 69, 70, 

Bernon, Samuel, ii. 51, 50. 

Bernon, G., letterfrom Lord Bellomontto, 
ii. 65. 

Bernon MSS., &c, extracts from, ii. 64. 

Berrey, , ii. 53. 

Berry, Dorothy, ii. 297. 

Berry, John, Deputy-Governor of New 
Jersey, letter from J. Winthrop, Jr., to, 
x. -•")." 

Berrv's County Genealogies, extract from, 
viii. 311. 

Bertau, Rev. 

-, ii. 49. 

Berwick, vi. 217, 226, 227, 242, 251. 
Besbeech, Thomas, viii. 275. 

Besme, , ii. 10. 

Bessey, Anthony, iv. 184; viii. 270. 
Best, John, viii. 275. 

Beverley's History of Virginia referred to, 

vii. 222. 
Beverly, iv. 290. Account of its iettl<, l.\ Robert Rantoul, Esq., vii. 250. 
Bewitt, Hugh, i. I 
Bewlie, Grace, viii. 259 ; z. IS 
Beza, [Theodore], i. 241 ; ii. 4, 5. 
Bible translated into Indian, i. 101 ; iii. 

392. Translated into French, ii. '■'<■ 

Polyglot, •")•">. Given to French church 

in Huston, 63. 
Bible Society, American, ii 52 

Bibliotheque \ mericaine quoted, \ i. 16. 

Bickford, \\ idow, ii. 296. 

Bickford, Thomas, defends himself against 
the French and Indians, \ i. 236. 

Biddle, Nicholas, i. 273. 

Biddle, Richard, Esq., vii. 285. 

Bigelow, William, i. 266. 

Bigelow, Rev. A., v. 207. 

Bigg, Rachel, viii. 261 ; x. 131. 

Biggs, Thomas, viii. 271. 

Bigsby, , i.243. 

Biishop, John, x. 88. 

Biley, John, x. 145. 

Bilke, Jonathan, viii. 301. 

Bill, Jo., viii. 254; x. 128. 

Bill, Marie, viii. 255. 

Bill, James, x .11. 

Billerica, iv. 200; x.172. 

Bills, Robert, viii. 271. 

Birague, Duke of, ii. 9. 

Birch's History of the Roval Society, x. 
122. Collection of Thurloe's State Pa- 
pers, errors in, corrected, i. L85. 

Bird, Mary, i. 243. 

Bird, Rev. Samuel, iii. 186. 

Birds, Capt., an Indian, vi. 147. 

Biscoe, Nathaniel, viii. 286. See Briscoe. 

Bishop, Edward, vii. 253, 256. 

Bishop, , x. 37. 

Bishops in England, their treatment of 
Messrs. Weld, Shepard, Ward, and oth- 
ers, i. 236-238. 

Bisquittam, a Delaware chief, vi. 142. 

Bitton, James, viii. 261. 

Black, John, vii. 253, 256. 

Black, Frecgrace, vii. 256. 

Blackley, Thomas, viii. 271. 

Blackmail, Capt., Indians seized by, i. 
102; vi. 202. Are released by Sir Ed- 
mund Andros, 203. 

Black Point, iii. 315 ;, vi. 217, 250. 

Black Point Harbour, iii. 395. 

Blackston, Eli/a, \. 145. 

Blackstone, now Pawtucket, River, ii. 50. 

Blackwell, Capt. , i.61. SeeOliver. 

Blackwell, Rev. , iii. 98. 

Blackwell, Jeremy, viii. 272. 

Black William, an Indian duke, iii. 322. 

Blackwood, Thomas, iii. 96, 

Blagden, Rev. George \\ ., i\. 301. 

Blagrove, Nathaniel] vii. 69. 

Blaise Viginere des Chi tires, x. 16. 

Blake, Admiral, i. 33; x. II. 


General Index. 

Blake, George, i. 274. 
Blake, Benjamin, ii. 297. 
Blake, William, iv. 291. 
Blake, John, vii. 178. 
Blakeman, Adam, viii. 249. 
Blakeston, or Blackstone, Rev. Mr., iii.97. 
Blanchard, Sarah, i. 158. 
Bland, Hon. Theodoric, iii. 408. 
Blason, Ann, viii. 260. 
Blaxton, William, viii. 247. 
Blindman, or Blinman, Rev. Richard, i. 
184 ; iii. 106,107; iv. 162,194; ix. 292, 
295 ; x. 25, 26. 
Bliss, Leonard, v. 298. 
Bliss, L., Jr., vii. 292. 
Bliss, Philip, viii. 250. 
Block Island, iii. 380; vi. 4, 158, 192,196; 
ix. 274, 275. Taken by the French, vi. 
263, 272. 
Block Islanders, or Pequots, cause of the 
war against them, vi. 3. Cruel to Mo- 
hegan captives, 197. 
Bloggett, Daniel, viii. 260. 
Bloggett, Samuel, ib. 
Bloggett, Susan, ib. 
Bloggett, Thomas, ib. 
Blomfield, Sarah, x. 141. 
Blomfield, William, x. 141, 142. 
Blomfield, Sarah, x. 142. 

Blomfield, , x. 171. 

Blondel, , ii. 26. 

Blood, Col., i. 60, 61. 

Blood, James, iv. 291. 

Blosse, Mary, x. 143, 144. 

Blosse, Richard, x. 144. 

Blount, William, i. 290. 

Blount, Gov., v. 170-172. 

Blower, Tho., viii. 273. 

Blue Point, vi. 217. 

Blue Point Garrison, i. 92. 

Bluet, Capt, vii. 202, 204. 

Blunt, Rev. John, ii. 303. 

Blunt, John, vi. 299. 

Board of Revenue in America, i. 148. 

Bobassar, , vi. 249. 

Bochart, , ii. 26. 

Bocquet, , ii. 57. 

Body of Liberties, adopted in 1641, print- 
ed from a MS. of the time, with re- 
marks on the early laws of Massachu- 
setts Bay, by Hon. Francis C. Gray, 
viii. 191-237. 
Bohlen, John, i. 273. 

Boiseau, , ii. 57. 

Bollman, Dr., makes an effort to liberate 
La Fayette from the dungeon of Olmutz, 
ii. 54. 
Bolton, Edmond, ii. 363. 
Bolton, Samuel, iv. 30, 35. 
Bomaseen, vi. 235. Taken prisoner, 236 ; 

and sent to Boston, 237, 248, 279. 
Bonaparte, religion publicly reestablished 

by, in France, ii. 42. 
Bonavista, English settlement at, destroy- 
ed, vi. 263. 

Bond, Capt., his ship taken by the French, 
i. 108. 

Bond, W., iii. 407. 

Bond, William, iv. 291, 292. 

Bond, William, vii. 54. 

Bond, Rev. William H., viii. 308. 

Bond, Robert, x. 84. 

Bond, Capt. William, x. 121. 

Bondet, Daniel, minister at Oxford, rep- 
resentation to the government against 
rum-sellers, ii. 61, 62. 

Boney, Thomas, viii. 274. 

Bonighton, Matthew, iii. 137. 

Bonneau, , ii. 57. 

Boocore, or Boncore, , vi. 259,263. 

Book of Common Prayer prohibited in 
Massachusetts, iii. 376. 

Book of the Indians, Drake's, referred to, 
vi. 173. 

Books, printing of, licensed, vii. 171. Sent 
by Edward Howes to James Downing 
and John Winthrop, Jr., ix. 243. To 
Mr. Samford, 255. And writings sent 
to John Winthrop, Jr., and Rev. John 
Davenport, x. 38. 

Boone, Nicholas, vii. 66. 

Booth, Sir George, i. 195. 

Booth, Mat., viii. 251. 

Boott, Dr., ix. 20, 21. 

Bordeaux, , ii. 57. 

Borden, Joan, viii. 263. 

Borden, John, ib. 

Borden, Matthew, ib. 

Borden, Elizabeth, viii. 264. 

Borebancke, Joseph, viii. 265. 

Boreman, , iii. 214. 

Boroughs, , i. 124. 

Borowes, , ix. 263. 

Boscawen Church, iv. 293. 

Bosseville, Elizabeth, viii. 315. 

Bosseville, Godfrey, ib. 

Bostocke, Capt. Thomas, viii. 268, 269. 

Bostocke, Edmond, viii. 269. 

Boston, new church, i. 45, 46, 50. Com- 
mittee appointed to ask contributions of 
inhabitants to build a house for the ser- 
vice of the Church of England, 84. Two 
standing companies there dispersed in 
1689, 87. Not so healthful for divers 
years before as in 1690, 118. In 1742, has 
6,382 inhabitants, besides 1,374 negroes, 
1717 houses, 166 warehouses, 152. Its 
bills of mortality, 1818-1824, with the 
disorders of which persons died, 278 - 
286. French Church at, ii. 32, 62, 63. 
New Congregational Church, 63, 64 ; 
iii. 107. Description of, iii. 318, 329, 
341. First Church, 72, 73, 377, 378, 380 
-382. Second Church, 386. Great fire 
in, 387, 392. Small-pox in, 393. In- 
dependent Church, 393, 394. Presbyte- 
rian Church, 395. Its bills of mortality 
from Jan. 1, 1825, to Jan. 1, 1833, iv. 
323; from Jan. 1, 1833, to Jan. 1, 1836, 
v. 288; from Jan. 1, 1836, to Jan.], 

General Index. 


1837, vi. 986 ; from Jan. 1 , 1887, to Jnn. 
1,1838, vii. 284. Representatives, 1689- 
1692, iv. 289. English Beel arrive at, 

v. I"l . Scarlet fever in. il>. Church 
formed in, 815 J and ineeting-hoii>e * 1 « - * 1 - 

icated, 216. British troope evacuate, 
9 ■•: Fleet equipped at, vi. 214. Ad- 
vice to, by Gov. Bradford, in verse, vii. 
27. Greal tire in 1711, 82, 891 300 ; 
viii. 398; Military forces in 1680, till. 
I?;?:?. Great tires in, 330, Assembly of 
divines at, 294. Isaac Johnson consid- 
ered as the founder of, 248. Settled, vii. 
300; iv. 120, 199; x. 38 

Boston, frigate, i. 206. 

Boston, , iz. 271. 

Boston AtliennMim, x. 30. 

Boston .Ministers, address of, ii. 270. 

Boston News-Letter, vii. 66, 82, 84. 

BoMwick, Capt., vii. 241. 

Boswell, Capt. Edward, viii. 266. 

Boteler, Lady, iii. 97. 

Botta, Carlo, i. 290; ix. 24. 

Boudinot family, ii. 51. 

Boudinot, Hon. Elias, i. 290 ; ii. 36, 51, 
52, 54,32! ». 

Boudinot, Elie, ii. 65. 

Boudoins, John, ii. 50. 

Bouldrie, John, x. 170. 

Bouldrie, Mary, ib. 

Bounds between Plymouth and Massachu- 
setts, ii. 207. 

Bounetheau, , ii. 57. 

Bourn, Experience, i. 150. 

Bourn, Isaac, ib. 

Bourn, Josiah, ib. 

Bourn, Richard, ib. 

Bourn, Shearjashob, ii. 94. 
• Bourn, Thomas, ii. 98. 

Bourne, Abner, Esq., v. 295. 

Bourne, Major, ix. 268. 

Boors, Rev. , v. 235. 

Boutineau, Stephen, ii. 63. 

Bouton, Rev. Nathaniel, iii. 186. 

Boutonnet, Elias, ii. 52. 

Bouttell, Lydia, ii. 298. 

Bowdiche, John, viii. 304. 

Bowdiche, George, ib. See Bowditch. 

Bowdige. See Bowditch. 

Bowditch family, viii. 300. 

Bowditch, Anne, viii. 300, 301. 

Bowditch, Charlotte, ib. 

Bowditch, Sarah, ib. 

Bowditch, Davy, viii. 301. 

Bowditch, George, ib. 

Bowditch, Nathaniel, x. 218. 

Bowditch's La Place, x. 219. 

Bowditche, Robert, viii. 300, 301. 

Bowdoin, Gov. James, i. 205 ; ii. 49, 50, 
63, 78. 

Bowdoin, James, i. 287, 294. Formerly 
James Winthrop, ii. 78. His letter to 
Hon. James Savage, 323 ; iii. 406. Me- 
moir of, ix. 170, 171,224. 

Bowdoin family, ii. 49. 

vol. x. 35 

Bowdoin, James, ii. 50. 
Bowdoin, Will. am, ii. 63. 
Howeii, Abel, n. 366. 
Bowers, BenaniweU, x. 77. 
Bowers, Benjamin, ib. 

Bow ban, , i. 243. 

Howies, Dr., i. 238, 
Howies, John, iv. 291, 

Bowridge. See Bow ditofi. 



ii. 7-. 

Hoxlord, iv. 291. 
Hoyden, Thomas, x. 143. 

Boyenton, Capt., v. 190. 

Hoykett, Jarvis, \ iii. 276. 
Boyle, Hon. Robert, v. 274 ; x. 56. Let- 
ter from John Winthrop, Jr., to, 110. 

Ho\ leton, Thomas, viii. 268. 

Boy D ton, Joshua, ii. 296. 

Boys, William, History of Sandwich, 
England, by, extracts from, viii. 2?:?. 

Bo/man's History of Maryland referred 
to, ix. 43. 

Brackenbury, Ellen, vii. 256. 

Brackenbury, Richard, ib. 

Brackenridge, David, vi. 149, 150, 153. 

Bracket, , of Braintree, iv.89. 

Bracket, Capt., vi. 210, 237, 242. 

Bracket, Anthony, vi. 225. 

Bradbury, Capt., i. 118. 

Bradbury, Capt. Charles, vii. 293. 

Braddock, General, v. 7. 

Bradford, Rev. Ephraim P., i. 155. 

Bradford, Hannah, i. 156. 

Bradford, Gamaliel, Esq., Memoir of, i. 
202, 287. 

Bradford, Gamaliel, i. 202; ix. 75. 

Bradford, Samuel, i. 202. 

Bradford, William, ib. 

Bradford, William, Governor of Plymouth, 
i.202; ii. 266, 267; iii. 374, 379-388. 
His counsel to Boston and New Eng- 
land, in verse, vii. 27,28. Extract from 
his will, 27. His journal referred to, 
viii. 298; ix. 44-52, 59, 75; x. 172. 

Bradford, Rev. John, i. 287. 

Bradford, Alden, Esq., i. 287, 294,296; 
ii. 61, 209, 276, 279, 365; vii. 17, 21. 
His list of errors in Massachusetts His- 
torical Collections, ,293, 294,296 ; ix.172. 

Bradford, Maj. William, Lieutenant-Gov- 
ernor of Plymouth, ii. 206. 

Bradford, Gamaliel, M. D., v. 292, 293, 
297; vi. 295,298. Memoir of, ix. 75, 170. 

Bradford, Major, vi. 181. Wounded, 182, 
187, 188. 

Bradford, William, vii. 167. 

Bradford, Bryan, viii. 299. 

Bradford, Richard, ib. 

Bradford, Robert, ib. 

Bradford, Simon, ib. 

Bradford, William, ib. 

Bradford, town of, iv. 290 ; vi. 184. 

Bradford families, account of, viii. 298. 

Bradforth, Margaret, viii. 299. 

Bradfourth, Robert, viii. 298. 


General Index. 

Bradfurth, Thomas, viii. 298. 

Bradfurth, Richard, ib. 

Bradfurth, Catherine, viii. 299. 

Bradfurth, Elizabeth, ib. 

Bradfurth, Mary, ib. 

Bradfurth, Robert, extract from his will, ib. 

Bradfurth, Robert, ib. 

Bradish, , vii. 210. 

Bradley, Joseph, vi. 251. His wife taken 
prisoner by the Indians, ib. 

Bradley, Daniel, viii. 256; x. 128. 

Bradshaw, John, ii. 354. 

Bradstreet, Gov. Simon, i. 30, 37, 89, 92 ; 
iii. 94, 106, 210, 377,400 ; viii. 247,249. 
His account of Massachusetts Colony in 
1680, viii. 330-340. Dies at Salem, 
vii. 200; x. 120. 

Bradstreet, Dudley, i. 124 ; iv. 290 ; vi. 244. 

Bradstreet, Rev. Simon, of Charlestown, 
v. 222. 

Bradstreet, Rev. Simon, of Marblehead, v. 
222, 235. 

Bradstreet, John, vii. 219. 

Bradstreet, Dr. Samuel, ib. 

Bradstreet, Lieut.-Col., viii. 280. 

Bradstreet, Mrs. Anne, poems by, men- 
tioned, viii. 295. 

B , C , ib. 

Bradstreet, Bridgett, x. 141. 

Bradstreet, Humphry, x. 141, 142. 

Bradstreet, Anna, x. 142. 

Bradstreet, John, ib. 

Bradstreet, Martha, ib. 

Bradstreet, Mary, ib. 

Brady, Capt. Samuel, vi. 152. 

Braintree, iv. 290. People of, killed by 
Indians, vi. 183. 

Braintree church, iii. 383. 

Braintree ministers' salary, i. 50. 

Bramston, Sir John, x. 152. 

Branch, Arthur, iii. 143. 

Branch Bank of the United States at Bos- 
ton, i. 272. 

Brand, , i. 200. 

Brand, Benjamin, x. 154, 155. 

Brand, John, x. 154. 

Brand, Joseph, ib. 

Brand, Thomasine, ib. 

Brand, Jacob, x. 155. 

Brand, Sarah, ib. 

Brand families, x. 154, 155, 

Brandon, Arthur, his wife and children 
killed, vi. 250. 

Brandt, Capt., Indian, his speech, v. 130, 

Brandt's History of the Reformation re- 
ferred to, ix, 59. 

Brane, Thomas, viii. 267. 

Brasey, William, viii. 260. 

Brasser, Henry, vii. 246. 

Brattle, Thomas, i. 287. 

Brattle, Rev. William, v. 182,196; vi.274. 

Brattle, , vi. 226. 

Brattle, William, vii. 49. 
Brattle, , ix. 123. 

Brattle Square Church, v. 215. 
Bray, Richard, vii. 179. 
Bray, Thomas, vii. 182. 

Brazer, Rev. , ii. 80. 

Brazil, massacre of French Protestants 
there, ii. 7. 

Breaden, Capt., vii. 120. 

Bredon, Francis, ii. 62. 

Breed, Ephraim, v. 209. 

Brenton, William, his letter to Gov. En- 
dicott, i. 54. 

Brenton, , x. 41. 

Brentwood Church, iv. 293. 

Brequemant and Cavagnes, Huguenots, 
judgment against them, ii. 14. Revers- 
ed, 16. 

Brereton, John, viii. 69. His account of 
Gosnold's voyage to America in 1602, 

Brereton, Lord, letter from J. Winthrop, 
Jr., x. 123, 125, 126. 

Bressey, Mrs., x. 8. 

Bret, William, i. 118. 

Bretoon, John, i. 82. 

Brewen, , x. 84. 

Brewster, Elder, vii. 246; ix.47,281. 

Brewster, Fear, vii. 247. 

Brewster, Nathaniel, viii. 296. 

Brewster, , ix. 281. 

Brey, Rev. Dr., v. 206. 

Bridge, Rev. , v. 194. 

Bridgen, Thomas, viii. 275. 

Bridges, Capt. Rob., i. 37; vii. 106, 108, 109. 

Bridges, , i. 236. 

Bridges, Edmond, viii. 270. 

Bridgewater, vi. 189. 

Bridgham, Joseph, iv. 291. 

Brief Narration of the Original Undertak- 
ings of the Advancements of the Plan- • 
tations into the Parts of America, &c, 
by Sir Ferdinando Gorges, reprint of, 
vi. 45-93. 

Briggham, Thomas, viii. 260. 

Briggs, Benjamin C, iii. 207. 

Briggs, Charles, ib. 

Briggs, George, ib. 

Briggs, Joshua, ib. 

Briggs, Martin, ib. 

Briggs, Thomas S., ib. 

Briggs, Jo., viii. 271. 

Brigham, John, iv. 290. 

Brigham, William, v. 293; vii. 24,295. 

Bright, [Rev. Francis], iii. 376; viii. 250. 

Bright, Edward, viii. 250. 

Bright, Francis, ib. 

Brightman, , his interpretation of 

Daniel's prophecy, iv. 60. 

Brighton, Thomas, viii. 273. 

Brimmer, Andrew, ii. 78. 

Brimmer, Martin, ib. 

Brimsmead, , vii. 297. 

Brinly, , x. 92. 

Brintnall, Charles, vi. 294. 

Briscoe, Nathaniel, letter to Thomas 
Broughton, i. 32. 

General Index. 


Briscoe, Richard, i. 36. 

Bristol, town of, petition, vii. 171. 

Bristol men'fl plantation, LX. 857, 

Britain known to the Grecians, iii. 357. 

Blitan, James, i. 45. 

British Museum, viii.276j \. 117. 

Britton, James, in. 103. 

Brock. Kev John, ii. 312. 
Brockholea, Cant Anthony, i. 85. 
Brooklebank, ("apt., killed, vi. 1^4. 

Brodbead, , viii. 342. 

Bromfield, Edward, vii. 68. 
Bromfield, Benry, vii. 280. 

Bromlev, W., vii. 79. 

Brook, 'Lord, iii. 137; vi. 4; ix. 204. 

Brook, Ann, viii. 274. 

Brook, Robert, ib. 

Brook's Lives of the Puritans referred to, 
x. 163, 104. 

Brooke, Thomas, viii. 260 j \. 132. 

Brooke, Richard, viii. 260, 262, 263. 

Brooke, Tho., viii. 260, 263. 

Brooke, Gilbert, viii. 267. 

Brooke, William, ib. 

Brooktield, vi. 259. 

Brookline, iv. i2*J0. 

Brooks, Governor, ii. 253; iii. L85. 

Broome, Roger, viii. 27'.); x. 130. 

Broomer, Joan, viii. 260. 

Broomer, Marie, viii. 258. 

Broughton, Thomas, letter from Nathan- 
iel Briscoe, i. 32. 

Broughton, John, vi. 207. 

Brown, Richard, i. 30. 

Brown, John, i. 1~>7. 

Brown, Joseph, i. 250, 251, 255, 256. 

Brown, John A., i. 273. 

Brown, Rev. Dr. Andrew, i. 290. 

Brown, John, ii. 63. 

Brown, Nathaniel, ii. 72. 

Brown, Rev. John, of Cohasset, ii. 94, 97. 

Brown, Capt. Nathan, ii. 298. 

Brown, Rev. Clark, A. M., ii. 318. 

Brown, Rev. Joseph, ii. 320. 

Brown, Rev. , of Sudbury, iii. 93. 

Brown, John, iii. 326. 

Brown, Samuel, ib. 

Brown, Edmund, iii. 362. 

Brown, Rev. , iii. 385. 

Brown, old Mr., iv.56. 

Brown, Rev. , iv. 233. 

Brown, Nathaniel, iv. 290. 

Brown, Rev. , v. 226. 

Brown, John, of Newbury, vi. 238. 

Brown, Capt., vi. 244, 251. 

Brown, Capt. John, vi. 255. 

Brown, , vii. 120. 

Brown, , vii. 297. 

Brown, Rev. , founder of the sect 

called Brownists, viii. 316. 

Brown, , ix. 73. 

Brown's History of the Propagation of 
Christianity cited, ii. 7. 

Browne, Benjamin, vii. 205, 219. 

Browne, Major, vii. 219. 

Browne, Jo., viii 260. 
Browne, Jo., viii 262 
BrOVI ne, Susan, viii. 263. 

Brow ne, Lydia, viii 264. 
Brow ne, Jo., viii. 266. 
Brow ue, Mary, viii. '.'7 I. 
Browne, William, ib. 

Browne, Robert, viii. 273. 

Browne, Anne, \ iii. 297. 
Browne, James, viii. 31 9. 
Browne, Thomas, ib 
Browne, Thomas, viii. 320. 
Browne, Phil., x. 111. 

Brownists, iii. 8, 25; ix. 42. Origin of 
the name, viii. 316. 

Brow ns, the, i. 71. 

Bruer, Rev. , i. 237, 239. 

Bruise, Goodman, i. 212. 

Bruster. See Brewster. 

Bruton, Capt., ix. 238,264. 
Bryan, , x. 112. 

Bryant, Gridley, i. 275, 278. 

Buchan, Earl of, i. 289. 

Buck, Kliezer, vii. 185. 

Buck, William, viii. 261. 

Buck, Roger, ib. 

Buck, Christian, viii. 270. 

Buckingham, Duke of, viii. 161. 

Buckley, Peter, i. 72. See Bulkley. 

Buckley, Capt., vi. 259. 

Buckley, Jo., viii. 259. 

Buckley, Ben., viii. 260. 

Buckley, Daniel, ib. 

Buckminster, Capt., v. 194. 

Buckminster, Rev. Joseph S., vii. 25; ix. 

Buck worth, vii. 176. 
Budington, Rev. William I., x. 236. 
Buffalo Horn, an Indian chief, vi. 148. 
Bugbye, Edward, x. 143, 144. 
Bugbye, Rebecca, x. 143. 
Bugbye, Sarah, x. 144. 
Bulfinch, Charles, i. 287; vii. 15. 
Bulkley, Rev. Peter, letter to Gov. Endi- 

cott and Dep.-Gov. Bellingham, i. 47; 

vii. 297 ; viii. 205, 246, 247, 263, 273. 

ilkley, Peter, messenger and agent to 

England, i. 72; vii. 207. 
Bulkley, Grace, viii. 263. 

Bull, Capt. , i. 86. 

Bull, Capt. Jonathan, ib. 

Bull, Lieut., vi. 174. 

Bull, Ilenrie, viii. 258. 

Bull, Henry, viii. 270. 

Bull, Thomas, viii. 272. 

Bull's Garrison, vi. 181. 

Buller, Judge, anecdote of, viii. 199. 

Buller, Thomas, x. 135. 

Bullivant, Benjamin, i. 84 ; vii. 162. 

Bullock, Edward, viii. 261. 

Bullocke, Henry, viii. 264. 

Bullocke, Mary, ib. 

Bullocke, Susan, ib. 

Bullocke, Thomas, ib. 

Bulteel, J., ii. 11. 



General Index. 

Bunbury, Capt., v. 155, 156. 

Bundicke, William, viii. 253,254,255; x. 

Bundocke, William, viii. 253; x. 128. 

Bunker Hill Monument, ii. 39. 

Burchard, Ann, viii. 272. 

Burchard, Elizabeth, ib. 

Burchard, Jo., ib. 

Burchard, Mary, ib. 

Burchard, Marie, ib. 

Burchard, Sara, ib. 

Burchard, Suzan, ib. 

Burchard, Thomas, ib. 

Burd, or Bird, Symon, viii. 259. 

Burdet, Rev. George, ii. 307. 

Burdin, George, viii. 267; x. 130. 

Bureau, , L'Aine, ii. 60, or Bereau, 

Caine, 68. 

Burges, James, viii. 255. 

Burgess, Col., i. 146. 

Burgess, Rev. Daniel, v. 201. 

Burgoyne, , i. 154. 

Burke's European Settlements in Ameri- 
ca referred to, ix. 42, 211. 

Burkett, Christopher, i. 201. 

Buries, Jo., viii. 270. 

Burnap, George W., iii. 185. 

Burnap, Rev. Dr. Jacob, ib. 

Burnap, Horatio G., ib. 

Burnet, Bishop, his account of the calam- 
ities that preceded and followed the revo- 
cation of the Edict of Nantes (from His- 
tory of his own Time), ii. 20 -23; v.206. 

Burnham, Stephen, i. 156. 

Burnham, Rev. Abraham, ii. 314. 

Burniffe, Monsieur, i. 105, 107. 

Burns, John, ii. 297. 

Burr, Isaac, ii. 96. 

Burre, Jonathan, viii. 247. 

Burridge. See Bowditch. 

Burrill, John, iv. 290. 

Burrill, Capt., v. 190, 191. 

Burrough, Rev. Dr., v. 293. 

Burrough, Dr., v. 294. 

Burroughs, William, ii. 298. 

Burrow, William, viii. 259. 

Burt, Rev. Federal, ii. 306 ; iii. 188. 

Burt, Ann, viii. 266. 

Burt, Edward, ib. 

Burt, Hugh, viii. 266, 267. 

Burton's Diary quoted, ii. 340-351. 

Bushell, Ruth, viii. 268 ; x. 130. 

Bushnell, John, vii. 128. 

Bushnell, Francis, viii. 255. 

Bushnell, Jo., ib. 

Bushnell, Marie, ib. 

Bushnell, Martha, ib. 

Busket, James, viii. 252. 

Butcher, John, ii. 60. 

Butler, Mary, i. 158. 

Butler, Mrs., her account of the settlement 
of Oxford, ii. 77. 

Butler, Elizabeth, ii. 296. 

Butler, Mary, ib. 

Butler, Rev. Benjamin, ii. 318. 


ii. 336. 

Butler, Capt. Nathaniel, iii. 217. 

Butler, J., vii. 176. 

Butler, John, viii. 244. 

Butler, Joice, viii. 276. 

Butler, Nicholas, ib. 

Butler, Gyles, viii. 319. 

Butterfield, Samuel, vi. 279. 

Buttolph, Ann, viii. 262. 

Buttolph, Thomas, ib. 

Button, Capt., iii. 372. 

Buttrick, William, viii. 259. 

Buttry, Grace, viii. 270; x. 130. 

Buttry, Martha, ib. 

Buttry, Nico, ib. 

Buxton, John, ii. 297. 

Buxton, town of, ii. 276, 279. 

Byfield, Moses, vii. 219. 

Byham, Nathaniel, viii. 267. 

Byles, Rev. Mather, ii. 63, 272; v. 230. 

Byles, Henry, vii. 258. 

Byley, Henery, x. 145. 

Byley, Mary, ib. 


Cabot, Sebastian, i. 231 ; iii. 312, 355, 360, 
361,363; v. 64. Portrait of, vii. 285. 
Memoir of, referred to, 285,299; viii. 

Cabot, John, i. 231 ; iii. 312, 361 ; vii. 
299 ; viii. 95. 

Cabot, Hon. George, x. 189. 

Cadaraqui River, v. 66. 

Cadolick, , i. 82. 

Cadwallader, Thomas, i. 273. 

Cage, Daniel, vi. 130, 136. 

Caghnawaga Indians, v. 76, 78, 117. 

Caine Bereau, ii. 60, 68. 

Cairnes, Sir Alexander, i. 141. 

Calamita della Luce, x. 16. 

Calamy, Edmund, iv. 30, 35, 159, 263; v. 
199, 200. His account of ejected min- 
isters quoted, x. 148, 156, 168, 170. Con- 
tinuation, &c, 169. 

Caldwell, Sir John, v. 300. 

Caleb, Indian magistrate at Mashpee, i. 
150, 151. 

Calef, [Robert], iii. 169. 

Calicott, Richard, iv. 98. 

California, iii. 362. 

Call, Jonathan, Sen., iv. 289. 

Calle, Bennett, viii. 276. 

Calle, Thomas, ib. 

Calvin, John, i. 241 ; ,ii. 2, 3, 5, 49. 

Calvo, Antonio, vi. 281. 

Cam, Thomas, viii. 131, 133. 

Cambridge, iii. 93, 321. Church at, 378 : 
iv. 45, 46, 88, 291. 

Cambronne, Marshal, ix. 8, 16. 

Camden's "Remaines " quoted, ii. 363. 

Cameron, , ii. 26. 

Cammock, Capt. Thomas, iii. 216-219. 

Campbel, , ii. 65. 

General Index. 


73, 7B 

-, ii. 70. 


( lampbell, Rei , 

Campbell, Thomas [Duncan -J, vii. 60 

Campbell, John, postmaster, his memorial 

vii. GO. Petition, 63-81. Notice*, 63, 

Campbell, Duncan, deputy *postrasmer, vii. 

;")."), 56, f>7, bS. 

Campbell, Lord, Lives of the Lord Chan- 

Conors, quoted, x 198. 
Campe, Nicholas* vii. 124. 

Canada, i. 100. Expedition to, 143. Tak- 
en possession of hy Sir David Kirke, 

332; iii.392j v. 42,66,84; vi. 214, 215; 
vi.i. 334; x. 119. 

Canada River, memorial relating to Trench 
possessions there, i. 231. Discovery of, 


Canajoliarie Indians, v. 25. Complain of 
encroachment, 36. Sachems, 55, 56. 

Desire to have a church, 50. 

Canal, first, in Massachusetts, ii. 293. 

Canaries, the, discovered, Hi. 358. Con- 
quered, 359. 

Candeller, , viii. 309. 

Candish, or Cavendish, Capt. Thomas, iii 
52, :JG7, 368. 

Candler, John, x. 143. 

Candler, Matthias, ib. 

Candler, Nicholas, ib. 

Candler, Philip, ib. 

Caner, Rev. Dr., v. 257. 

Canonicus, i. 159, 161, (lives Chibatihu- 
wese Island to Mr. Oldham, 105, 106, 
170,209,210. His relations and chil- 
dren, 171, 210. Sale of land confirmed 
by his grandchildren, 213; ix. 210. 

Canonicus and Miantnnnonm desire Roger 
Williams to dwell near them, i. 164, 
165, 166, 170, 175. Accused by the 
English of breach of league, their de- 
fence, 162-164. 

Cannassatecgo, speech of, v. 83, 93, 98. 

Canso, English fishermen said to have been 
murdered there by Indians, v. 49. 

Canterbury, N. IE, ministers of, ii. 322. 

Canton, Peter, ii. 60. 

Capawack Island, now called Martha's 
Vineyard, iv.76; vi. 19,58; iii. 22, 316. 

Capeanawhagen, iii. 347. 

Cape Anew, iii. 99, 323, 376; vii. 254; 
viii. 180, 181. 

Cape Ann side, vii. 250. 

Cape Breton, v. 49. 

Cape Cod, iii. 22; iv. 43; vi. 13, 108,119, 
120; viii. 74. 

Cape de Verd Island discovered, iii. 359. 

Capel, Lord, ix. 121. 

Capemanwagan, viii. 169. 

Capen, Deacon, i. 118. 

Capen, old Capt., ib. 

Cape Neddick attacked by Indians, vi. 

Cape Nidduck Fort deserted, vi. 227. 

Cape-porpus, iii. 347 ; vi. 248; viii. 165. 

Cap,- Babies, vi. • 

Cappel, , ii. 26. 

"Captain Pipe," Indian, r. 145. 

M Captain Tom," Indian, \ i . 
Car, , i. 237. 

Carboneer, vi. 263. 

Cardale, Rev. George C, viii. 306. 

Carew, Edmund, Li. 339. 
Carew, , ii. 313. 

Carey, , i. 184. 

Carey, , v. 171. 

Carey, , v. 2-7. 

Carey, Matthew, v. 2:>:*, 297. 

Cargill, ("apt. James, ix. 85. 

Cannes Islands discovered, viii. 13, 14,17 

Carleton, Sir Dudley, ix. 47. 
Carlile, < 'apt., iii. 52. 
Carlile, Lord, Governor of Jamaica, x. 106. 

Carlisle, Earl of, vi. C3. 

Carlton, Asa, ii. 297. 

Carmarthen, Lord, ii. 66. 

Carney, Capt., v. 190. 

Carolina, French refugees settle there, ii. 

34. Purchase lands, 35. Intended to 

have been settled hy Admiral Coligny, 

35; vii. 227,228. 
Carolum, And., ix. 73. 
Carpenter, William, i. 4. 
Carpenter, Rev. Ezra, ii. 315, 317. 
Carpenter, Thoma/.in, viii. 259. 
Carpenter, Thomas, viii. 319. 
Carpenter, Abiguel, x. 145. 
Carpenter, William, ib. 
Carr, Sir Robert, i.217. Appointed com- 
missioner, i. 219; iii. 314, 391, 393; 

vii. 127. 
Carr, Capt., v. 190.. 
Carr, Sir Alexander, v. 199. 
Carr, Caleb, viii. 263. 
Carr, Rohert, ib. 
Carr, Richard, viii. 267. 
Carrier employed hetween Boston and 

Alhany, vii. 86. 
Carrier, Goody, i. 124. 
Carrier, Thomas, ii. 
Carrier, Sarah, i. 125. 
Carroll, Charles, of Carrollton, v. 109. 
Carry-one-about, a Wyandot chief, his 

speech, v. 142. 

Carter, Rev. , iii. 380. 

Carter, William, iv. 30, 35, 154, 159. 

Carter, Thomas, viii. 247. 

Carter, Martha, viii. 254. 

Carter, Thomas, ib. 

Carter, Hilary, viii. 263. 

Carteret, Sir George, x. 49, 52. Letter 

from Samuel Wilks and John Winthrop, 

Jr., 84. 
Carteret, Philip, Governor of New Jersey, 

x. 40. Letter to John Winthrop, Jr., 

51, and answer, 52. 
Carthicr, J.upies, iii. 362. 
Cartier, Jaques, viii. 121. 
Cartrack, Mildred, viii. 258. 


General Index. 

Cartrack, Sara, viii. 258. 
Cartwright, Col. George, appointed com- 
missioner, i.219; iii. 391,392; vii. 127. 

Cartwright, , v. 80. 

Carver, John, Governor of Plymouth, ii. 

266 ; iii. 374. 

Carwithy, , ix. 292, 293, 295. 

Cary, Rev. Samuel, v. 268. 

Cary, Col., vii. 241. 

Cary, Mrs., vii. 261. 

Caryl, Joseph, iv. 100, 154, 159, 267. 

Casaubon, , ii. 17. 

Casco, iii. 345. Attacked by Indians, vi. 

210, and French, 216, 237, 248. 
Casco Bay, iii. 347, viii. 169. 
Case, Thomas, iv. 30, 35. 
Cass, Lewis, v. 300 ; ix. 117. 
Castares, William, ix. 66. 

Castine, , i. 105 ; vi. 204. 

Castlereagh, Lord, ix. 3. 

Caswell, Mary, i. 155. 

Caswell, Professor, v. 203. 

Cataroqui, v. 85. 

Gate, Samuel, i. 156. 

Cat's Eyes, a Shawanese chief, his speech, 

v. 129. 
Catter, Mary, vi. 246. 
Cattle, prices of, decreased, iii. 385. 
Causasenamon, ix. 273. 
Cavagnes and Brequemant, Huguenots, ii. 

14, 16. 
Cavis, Mary, i. 156. 

Cazaniau, , ii. 60. 

Cazneau, William L., i. 275. 

Cecill, , i. 183. 

Cecill, John, ii. 346. 

Celebrations, public, note respecting, ii 

Central America, vi. 280. 

Cephas, , i. 157. 

Ceylon, Dutch mission at, vii. 200. 

" Chain of Scripture Chronology," Rev 

Thomas Allen author of, viii. 317. 

Chais, Rev. , ii. 46. 

Challoung [Challons], Capt. Henry, sent 

to New England, vi. 51. His ship tak 

en by the Spaniards, 52, 53. Or Cha- 

lownes, 59. 
Chalmers, George, i. 290; ix. 15. 
Chalmers, James, ix. 15. 

Chalmers, , ix. 28. 

Chamberlen, Thomas, i. 45. 
Chamberlin, Benjamin, ii. 74, 75. 
Chamberlin, Eben, ib. 
Chamberlin, Joseph, ib. 
Chamberlin, Joseph, Jr., ib. 
Chamberlin, Nathaniel, ib. 

Chambers, , ii. 329. 

Chambers, Edmund, vi. 134. 
Chambers, Charles, vii. 69. 
Chambers, Robert, viii. 272. 

Chambers, , ix. 251. 

Chamble, or Chambley, , Governor 

of Acadia, prisoner in Boston, i. 64. 
Chamier, , ii. 26, 48. 

Champante, Henry, x. 145. 

Champlain, , iii. 370. 

Champney, Oliver W., i. 275. 

Champney, Samuel, iv. 291. 

Chanca, Dr , viii. 41. 

Chancy, , x. 104. 

Chandler, John, i. 125. 

Chandler, John, Jr., ii. 74, 75. 

Chandler, Joshua, ib. 

Chandler, John, ii. 274. 

Chandler, Samuel, ii. 274,279. 

Chandler, Rev. Joshua, ii. 318; iii. 188. 

Chandler, Thomas, iv. 290. 

Chandler, John, v. 9. 

Chandler, Seth, v. 298. 

Chandler, Peleg W., ix. 304. 

Chandler's History of the House of Com- 
mons quoted, ii. 356, 357, 358. 

Channing, Rev. Henry, iii. 405, 408 ; vi. 

Channing, Dr., v. 298. 

Chapin, Rev. Seth, minister of Hillsbor- 
ough, i. 155. 

Chapin, Rev. Stephen, minister of Hills- 
borough, i. 155; iii. 185. 

Chapin, Josiah, iv. 290. 

Chapin, Henry, iv. 291. 

Chapin, Gen., v. 115, 155. 

Chapin, , x. 171. 

Chaplaine, Clement, x. 168. 

Chaplaine, Martha, ib. 

Chaplaine, Thomas, ib. 

Chaplin, Clement, viii. 262. 

Chapman, Robert, iii. 136, 143, 159. 

Chapman, J. G., vii. 285. 

Chapman, , viii. 183, 184. 

Chapman, Ralph, viii. 258. 

Chappell, George, viii. 252. 

Chardon, P., ii. 60, 67. 

Charges for diet of magistrates and others 
in 1643, i. 16-20. 

Charles I., i. 51, 227, 244 ; iii. 34, 250, 375, 
386; vi.99; viii. 243; ix. 277, 281, 286, 
288; x.42. 

Charles II., i. 51,52. Proclaimed in Mas- 
sachusetts, 53. His letter to Massachu- 
setts in relation to Robert Mason's 
claim, 72. Appoints commissioners, 219. 
Asserts his sovereignty as to Narragan- 
set, or King's Province, 223. Grants a 
commission to President Joseph Dud- 
ley, 227. Character of, ii. 357 ; iii. 313, 
386, 389, 391 ; vi. 194 ; vii. 31. His let- 
ter requiring the apprehension of Messrs. 
Whalley and Goffe, vii. 123, 126; viii. 
284 ; ix. 26. 

Charles IX. of France, ii. 7. Consents un- 
willingly to the massacre on St. Bar- 
tholomew's day, 9. His death, 15. 

Charles X., ii. 43. 

Charles the Great, iv. 60. 

Charles River, iii. 34, 320. 

Charles River on the coast of Florida, rep- 
resentation of adventurers for settle- 
ment of a plantation there, i. 55. 

General Index, 


Charlestown, Church affairs <l", i.248- 
264; vii. 297, 300; Settlement of, iii. 
33, 3S0, - .!T7 , iv:B89. Portifieations. 

viii. \Y.Y.\ j \. Ill-l 
Charleston!!, V II ., Church, iv. 293. 

Charlevoix (Nouveile France, i. 35)eited, 

ii. 7. 
Charlton. See Charleatown. 

Charnr/.av, .Mods., his letter to tho Gov- ] 

criioi and Council, vii. 114. Their an- 
swer, I 16. 

Charaeck, Capt, v. til 3. 

Charon, John, ii. !>. 

Cbartei of .New England granted, Nov. 3, 
1620, vi. 65. Warrant tor drawing, 64. 
Exception! to, 65. Called for bv the 

House of Commons, 67 J ami presented 
as one of the public grievances, 7 I . Ter- 
ritories granted by, claimed by the King 
of France, 72. Published in Hazard's 
Collections (Vol.1, p. 103), ho. 

Charter granted to Sir l'erdinando Corges, 
iii. 343,344. 

Charter of Massachusetts enlarged and 

confirmed, vi.80. Effect of transfer of, 
ix. 203. Reasons against relinquishing, 

i. 74. Quo irurranto against, 7(j ; and 

judgment. 96; ix. "-2*2 1 . 
Charter of Ply month vacated, i.96; ix.221. 
Charter of William and Mary, ordered to 

be drawn, i. 1 19. 
Charter of the Narraganset Country , i.212. 
Charter of Connecticut, i. 06. Letter of 

Sir E. Andros respecting, vii. 165, 177. 
Charter of Rhode Island granted by Charles 

II., ix.26. Surrendered, i.96; vii. 168. 
Charters and liberties of the Colonies of 

New England and the Jerseys, petition 

for restoration of, i. 120. 
Charters of Massachusetts referred to, viii. 

Chase, James, ii. 298. 
Chase, Rev. Stephen, ii. 303. 
Chasseloup, P., ii. 66. 
Chastaignier, ii. ~u . 
Chatham, vii. 208. 
Chanbatick Indians, ix. 202. 
Chauncev, Rev. Charles, D. D., ii. 272 ; v. 

177,2(52; vii. 200. 
Chauncy, Charles, President of Harvard 

College, iii. 96, 301 ; vii. 6 ; viii. 247, 

285, 316. 
Chauncy, Sir Henry, viii. 316. 
Chaunis Temoatam, a gold mine at, viii. 


Chauve, , ii.48. 

Chawum, vi. 106, or Chawnn, 110. 
Cheat like to have been j>ut upon Eng- 
land, iii. 3?0. 
Checklev, Ivev. Samuel, ii. 272. 

Qhechley, John, v. 839. 
Cheeabrongh, William, ix. 268. 
Cheever, Rev. Samuel, iii. 180; v. 188, 

Cheever, Rev. Ebenezer, iii. 185. 

Cheever, Ezekiel, v. 179. 

Chee\ er, l\ev AmOS, v '.'17. 

Cheever, E. W., m 999 

( ' lit i- \ er, Jamea, viii. 311. 

Chelmsford, iv. 991 ; m 183, 184, 277; x. 


Cbepien, Indian name oftilC Devil, iv. Ii). 

Gherokees, v. 171, 172. 
Cherrall, William, riri. 971. 

Cherrall,, ib, 

Chesapeake. Hay, Sir Thomas Gates ar- 
rives in, vi. o4. Condon plantation in, 


Chesaw aiioch Island, vii. 166. 
Chesbroiigh, , x. 69. 

Chester churches and ministers, iii. 186; 
iv. 293. 

Chester, Mrs., ix. 204. 

Chevalier, , ii. 57. 

Cheverus, Rev. John, ii. 64. 

Cheyne, Ch., vii. 138, 176. 

Chibachuwese Island, i. 16"). 

Chicatabat, iii. 318. 

Chickering, Ajine, x. 150. 

Chickering, Francis, ib. 

Chickering, Henry, ib. 

Chickering, Rev. Joseph, of Wobnrn, ib. 

Chickering, , ib. 

Child, . i.236. 

Child, Ephraim. i. 245. 

Child, 1). L., iii. 407. 

Child, Sir Josiah, letter of Jolin Higgin- 
son to, vii. 197. 

Child, Dr., viii. 194. 

Child, Robert, viii. 247. 

Childe, Major John, u New England's Jo- 
nas cast up at London " published by 
him, answered by E. Wiiislow, ii. 110 

Childe, Dr. Robert, i i . Ill ; and others, pe- 
tition and remonstrance, &c, 116. Cen- 
sured, &c, 124, 125. 

Children in France baptized by Protes- 
tants to be rebaptized in the Roman 
Church, ii.37. 

Children in New England, great mortality 
among, iii. 386. 

Children instructed, v. 201. 

Children, Indian, account of the death of, 
iv. 250. 

Children taken by Indians, vi. 214. 

Children of Massachusetts catechized, viii. 

Chipman, Rev. , v. 223. 

Chippfield, Edmond, viii. 272. 

Chisley, Sir Henry, Deputv-Covernor of 
Virginia, z. 106. 

Cbissell, Walter, vi. 130, 136. 

Chittingden, Hen., viii. 260. 

Cbittingden, Isaac, ib. 

Chittingden, Rebecca, ib. 
Chittingden, Tho., ib. 
Chittwood, Marie, viii. 253; x. 128. 
Chivers. Sf 
Choat, - 

lie Cheever. 
i. 243. 


General Index. 

Choate, Benjamin, iii. 186. 

Choate, , ib. 

Choate, Hon. Rufus, v. 299. 

Choppine, Tollemach, x. 155. 

Christian Commonwealth, by Rev. John 
Eliot, ix. 127-164; viii. 295. 

Christian Examiner referred to, v. 285. 

" Christian in Complete Armour," a pop- 
ular work, x. 155. 

Christian Observer referred to, ii. 43. 

Christmas Day, observation of, forbidden, 
ii. 340, 341, 346. 

Chronological Observations of America 
from A. M. 3720 to A. D. 1673, iii. 355. 

Chub, Capt., vi. 238, 239, 244. 

Chudleigh, T., vii. 176. 

Church, Maj. Benjamin, his letter to the 
Governor and Council, i. 91. Engage- 
ment with the Indians, 92; vi. 179,188, 
189, 190, 224, 231, 253, 255, 257. 

Church, Caleb, ii. 31. 

Church, , ii. 346. 

Church, Rev. John H., D. D., ii. 320. 

Church, Capt., of Freetown, v. 190. 

Church, John, vi. 238. 

Church, Capt. Constant, vi. 255. 

Church, Capt. Edward, ib. 

Church, Benjamin, vii. 172. 

Church of Plymouth, iii. 376. 

Church, first in Massachusetts, gathered at 
Salem, iii. 376. 

Church formed in Boston, v. 215. 

Church in Boston enjoined by the county 
court not to proceed in the settlement 
of a minister, i. 46. 

Church of Woburn, petition of several 
members of, to the General Court, i. 38. 

Church of French Huguenots at Oxford, 
Mass., ii. 32. At Boston, ib. New 
York, 34, 64. 

Church, new Congregational, formed in 
Boston, ii. 63. 

Church of England, committee to ask con- 
tribution to, i. 84. 

Church government and churches, " cer- 
tain Gtuseries about," iii. 110. 

" Church government, and administrations 
in the Bay of the Mattachusets," iii. 63, 

Church government, advice concerning, 
ix. 260. 

Church government in New England, viii. 

Church of New England, answer of El- 
ders, viii. 285. 

Church members and their children, dis- 
sertation concerning, viii. 294. 

Churches, Congregational, opposed to 
kingly government, i. 181. 

Churches in New England, increase of, 
iii. 317, 326, 376. 

Churches of Christ in New England, Cot- 
ton's Way of the, viii. 286. 
Churches and ministers in New Hamp- 
shire, i. 153 ; ii. 299 ; iii. 183; iv. 292. 

Churches, French Reformed, ii. 4. Emi- 
nent divines of, 26. Account of, by 
Rev. A. Holmes, D.D., i. 1-83. 

Churches, French and Dutch, ii. 48. 

Chute, Chaloner, ii. 351. 

Cicero, " De Senectute," quoted, x. 192. 

Cilley, Col. Cutting, ii. 297. 

Cilley, Major-General Joseph, ii. 297. 

Circumcision among the Indians, iv. 128. 

Civil War in England, account of, i. 186. 

Claibourne, William, ii. 339. 

Clap, Elisha, i. 287, 292, 294 ; ix. 170. 

Clap, Samuel, iv. 289. 

Clap, Peter, viii. 301. 

Clap, , viii. 306. 

Clap, Philip, ib. 

Clapier, Lewis, i. 273. 

Clarendon, Lord, i. 53; ii. 354; ix. 180. 

Clarendon, Earl of, ii. 330 ; and others, 
coast of Florida granted to, i. 55. 

Clark, John, physician, i.34; vii. 287; x. 

Clark, John, agent, procures the charter 
of Rhode Island, i.34; viii. 289; ix. 26 
-28, 288. 

Clark, Dorcas, i. 157. 

Clark, Elder, iii. 96. 

Clark, Rev. Samuel W., iii. 187. 

Clark, Capt., iii. 213. # 

Clark, Rev. John, of Exeter, iv. 295. 

Clark, General, v. 147, 162, 165. 

Clark, Lieut., vi. 216. 

Clark, M., vi.298. 

Clark, Nathaniel, vii. 167. 

Clark, Mrs. Elizabeth, vii. 259. 

Clark, Mary, vii. 295. 

Clark, Sycillie. viii. 255. 

Clark, Mary, viii. 272. 

Clark, Daniel, x. 67. 

Clarke, Thomas, i. 45. 

Clarke, Walter, his letter to E. Randolph, 
i. 81 ; vii. 165, 167, 168. 

Clarke, Rev. Dr. John, i. 287 ; vii. 290 ; 
x. 206. 

Clarke, James, i. 290. 

Clarke, Dr. Samuel, v. 260. 

Clarke, Rev. James F., v. 270. 

Clarke, John, of Boston, vii. 50, 69, 171. 

Clarke, Capt. , ix. 278, 286. 

Clarke, John, ix. 291,293. 

Clarke, Capt., x. 42. 

Clarke, Samuel, x. 88. 

Clarke, Widow, x. 102. 

Clarkson, Laurence, ii. 334. 

Clarkson, , ix. 10, 38, 39. 

Clary, Rev. Joseph W., ii. 307, 309 ; iii. 

Claude, M., a distinguished defender of 
the Reformed Church, wrote a "De- 
fence of the Reformation," ii. 26. His 
account of cruel treatment of the Prot- 
estants, 27, 47, 49. 

Clay, Hon. Henry, vii. 26. 

" Clear Sun-shine of the Gospel breaking 
forth upon the Indians in New-Eng- 

General Index. 


land," bv IJcv. Thomas Sl.epard, iv. 

25-67 ; viii. 887. 
Cleark, Thurston, x. 148. 
Clearke, John, \ 11 1 . 
Clearke, Payth, \. 111. 
Clement, Augustine, vm. 319. 
Clements, Thomas, his house lnjrnt by the 

Indians, i. 70. 

Clements, Henry, vii. 70. 
Clerc, Thomas, i. 141. 

Cleveland, Duke of, viii. 311. 
(Meven, Joan, viii. 372. 

Clien, Cant Nans Peter, of Denmark, 

wrecked on Cuhassel rocks, ii. 104, 105. 
Clifford, Marie, viii. 258. 

Clinton, De Witt, Governor, i. 290. His 
Address before the American Bible So- 
ciety referred to, ii. 5 !. 

Clinton, , v. 19, 21. 

Clinton, Governor, v. 37, 43. 
Clopton, Teomasing, viii. 296, 297. 
Clopton, William, viii. 296. 

Clopton, Walter, X. 165. 
Cloptons, residence of, x. 155. 

(Mose, Deacon , iii. 189. 

( iloufe, Richard, vii. 2 16. 

Cloyes, Peter, iii. 171, 172, 175, 176. 

Cluffe, Jo., viii. 257. 

Cobb, Lois, v. 256 

Cobbet, Josias, viii. 262. 

Cobbett, Rev. Thomas, iii. 03; vii. 258. 
Answers a pamphlet called "111 News 
from New England," viii. 203. 

Cobbett, James, viii. 262. 

Cocheca, or Cochecho, attacked by In- 
dians, i. 87, 88 ; \ i. 254. 

Cochran, Jennet, ii. 297. 

Cocommithus, iii. 139. 

( 'oconas, ii. 16. 

Coddington, William, i. 160,173,245; iii. 
07, 138 ; ix. 250, 260, 271,278,280,283, 
204. Governor of Rhode Island, his 
letter to Gov. Leverett, x. 106. 

Codman, Rev. Dr. John, v. 202, 200; vi. 
297; vii. 204. 

Codman, Stephen, vi. 203. 

Coe, Rev. Curtis, ii. 306. 

Coe, Jane, viii. 259. 

Collin, , i. 87. 

Coffin, Hon. Peleg, i. 287; vii. 17. 

Coffin, Admiral Sir Isaac, i. 200. 

Coffin, Rev. Peter, ii. 312. 

Coffin, Joshua, ii. 366; iii. 406, 408; vi. 

Cogawesco, Indian sagamore, viii. 171, 174. 

Coggeshall, Maj. John, i. 227. 

Coggeshall, John, vii. 165, 167. 

Coggeshall, William, vii. 170. 

Coghen, Mrs., x. 45. 

Cogswell, Rev. Dr. William, vii. 5, 202, 
293, 294. 

Cohannet, alias Taunton, Church, iii. 05. 

Cohannet Indians, iv. 270. 

Cohassct, Massachusetts, history of, ii. 84. 
Settlers named, 85. House of worship, 

vol. x. 36 

86. Church organiced,' 87. Admis- 
sions, baptisms, marriages, and deaths, 
Incorporated) '.'7. Graduates, 
98. Description of, 99. Surface and 
■oil, 100. Agri< ulturc and produce, 101. 
Navigation and fisheries, 102. Danish 
ship wrecked there, 104. \ Ulnae, 106. 
Climate and diseases, 107. Manufac- 
tures and trade, to. Curiosities, ib. Ed- 
ucation, bouses, and population, 108. 
Roads and bridges, 109. 

Cohasset Rocks, advice- to mariners con- 
cerning, ii. 103. 

Coins, old American, account of, vii. 282. 

Coke, , n. 342, 344. 

Coke, , \ in. 170. 

Coke, Jo., viii. 267. 

Coke, Sir Edward, ix. 182; \. 160. 

Colbert, , ii. 46. 

( lolborn, .Mrs., dies, x. 97. 

Colbron, William, viii. 270. 

Colburn, Mehitabel, ii. 207. 

Colburn, Edward, viii. 270. 

Colburne, Robert, ib. 

Colby, Rev. Zaccheus, ii. 314. 

Colby, Samuel, iv. 200. 

Colcord, Ebenezer, ii. 207. 

Colden, Cadwallader, v. 6. 

Cole, , i. 35. 

Cole, , of N. Kingston, vi. 201 . 

Cole, Thomas, and wife, killed by the In- 
dians, vi. 230. 

Cole, , vi. 255. 

Cole, ■ , vii. 280. 

Cole, Clement, viii. 250. 

Cole, Isaac, viii. 275. 

Cole, Joan, ib. 

Cole, John, viii. 301. 

Cole, , viii. 300. 

Cole, , ix. 226. 

Coleman, Joseph, viii. 276. 

Colepeper, William, viii. 274. 

Coleridge quoted, v. 2i4. 

Colet, Elisa, viii. 271. 

Coligny, Admiral, petitions in behalf of 
the Calvinists of Normandy, the first 
nobleman in France who dared to pro- 
fess himself a Protestant, ii. 6. At- 
tempts to settle a colony of French Prot- 
estants in America, ib. Sends a colony 
to Florida, (see Ilakluyt's Voyages, III. 
308-362,) who are principally massa- 
cred, 7. He and his son-in-law massa- 
cred, 10, 11. His death approved of by 
the Pope, 13, 14, 16,35,44. 

Coller, Oliver, ii. 74, 75. 

Coller, John, ii. 75. 

Collet, .Matthew, vii. 200. Letters of Rev. 
John Hicginson and his son to, 201 , 202, 

Collier, William, iii. 378 ; ix. 199. 

Collins, Rev. Samuel, ii. 321 ; iii. 189. 

Collins, Henry, viii. 267. 

Collins, Ann, ib. 

Collins, John, ib. 


General Index, 

Collins, Margery, viii. 267. 

Collins's Cove, vii. 254. 

Colman, Rev. Benjamin, ii. 272; v. 189, 

1 ( J6. 
Colman, Rev. Ebenezer, iii. 188. 
Colman, Thomas, viii. 319. 
Colmer, Benedict, viii. 300. 
Colonial Officers confirmed by Sir E. An- 

dros, vii. 164. 
Colonies, union of, proposed in 1754, v. 5 

Colony, definition of, iii. 313. 

Colt, Roswell L., i. 273. 

Columbus, iii. 52, 355, 360-362; vi.106; 
vii. 285, 299; viii. 1. His voyages and 
discoveries, viii. 5-68. 

Comets, iii. 245-247, 358, 373, 387, 392. 

Commercial orders to Gov. Andros, vii. 

Commissioners of the United Colonies, iii. 
151, 209. Instructions to Josiah Wins- 
low, i. 66 ; ix. 199, 269, 272, 273, 290 ; 
x. 83, 182. 

Commissioners sent to New England by 
Charles II., iii. 313, 391. Extract from 
their instructions, vii. 127. Their acts 
and orders in relation to difference con- 
cerning title to Narraganset lands, i. 217 

Commissioners appointed by Charles II. 
to examine as to the title of the King 
and others to the King's Province or 
Narraganset country, i. 226, 227. 

Commissioners from several Colonies meet 
in Albany in 1754, Journal of their pro- 
ceedings, v. 5-70. 

Commissioners of Indian affairs, 1754, v. 

Commissioners, appointed by the Conti- 
tinental Congress to treat with Indians, 
meet in Philadelphia, 1775, v. 75. 

Commissioners appointed to treat with the 
Indians, vi. 237, 245. 

Commissioners for Foreign Missions, iii. 

Committee of Safety, vote of, vii. 89. 

Commock, , viii. 344. 

Common Prayer, Book of, prohibited in 
Massachusetts, iii. 376. 

Commons, House of, vote the taking away 
of the charters of New England to be 
illegal, i. 121. Resolves relating to 
post-offices, vii. 72. 

Commonwealth notions in New England 
complained of, vii. 229. 

Commonwealth of England, seal of, ii 

Como, Francis, ii. 297. 

Compe, George, x. 171. 

Conahasset. See Cohasset. 

Conant, Roger, vii. 250. His petition to 
the General Court, 252, 253, 254. Dies 
255, 260; viii. 306. 

Conant, Lot, vii. 253, 256. 

Conant, John, vii. 253. 

Conant, Exercise, vii. 253, 256, 267, 268. 

Conant, Roger, Jr., vii. 254. 

Conant, Sarah, vii. 256. 

Conant, , viii. 306. 

Conant, William, ib. 

Conant, Capt, x. 8. 

Concord, Massachusetts, iii. 325. Church 
at, 79 ; iv. 38, 40, 88, 291; vi. 14, 184. 

Concord, New Hampshire, its churches 
and ministers, i. 154 ; iii. 186 ; iv. 293. 

Conde, Prince of, ii. 9. 

Conegocheague Creek, v. 102. 

Coney, John, deposition of, vii. 128. 

Confederacy of Plymouth, Massachusetts, 
Connecticut, and New Haven, in 1643, 
iii. 384 ; ix. 189, 215 ; x. 56. 

Confederacy, North American, 1774, ix. 
219, 220. 

Congregational Ministers called Bishops, 
v. 245. 

Congress at Albany in 1754, Journal of, v. 

Congress of the United States, ii. 367 ; iii. 
406; v.291, 294, 296. 

Conjunction of Mercury with the Sun, 
Oct. 25, 1664, x. 47. 

Conjunction of Venus with the Moon, 
1668, x. 71. 

Connecticut, i. 20, 70, 71, 92 ; iii. 137, 379, 
384; ix. 121, 183, 199, 204, 205, 213. 
Charter granted in 1662, i. 95. Char- 
ter privileges violently taken away in 
1686, 96. Opinion of Solicitor-General 
respecting the charter, 119, 217, 218. 
Letter of condolence of representatives 
to Gov. J. Talcott on the death of his 
wife, 246. His answer, 248. Church- 
es, iii. 97. Assembly, v. 7. Send com- 
missioners to Albany, 12. By its char- 
ter, extends to the South Sea, 64. And 
Gov. Penn, land in dispute between, 100. 
Send soldiers against the Pequots, vi. 
11. Settled, 157. Send forces to defend 
Saybrook Fort, 159. Send soldiers 
against the Indians, 179, 187. Refuse 
to be subject to Sir E. Andros, 205. 
Writ of Quo warranto served on, vii. 
154, 177. Sir E. Andros authorized 
to receive surrender of charter, 164. 
His letter respecting its surrender, 165, 
177, 240. Refuses to engage in war 
against the Indians, 244. Governor and 
Council of, letter to Gov. Bellingham, x. 
63. Letter from Governor and Council 
of Rhode Island, 82. Answer, 83. Let- 
ter from J. Winthrop, Jr., to Governor 
and Council, 89. Forces raised by, to 
defend Long Island, 91. Letter to Ma- 
jor Fitz-John Winthrop, 95. Send to 
Massachusetts for a man-of-war, 95, 101. 
Two men-of-war sent to, by Massachu- 
setts, x. 100, 101, 174. 

Connecticut River, i. 86. Description of 
towns upon, iii. 315, 379; v. 49, 65; vi.13. 

ConohasseL Indian name of Cohasset, ii. 

General Index, 


85. Rivulet, ancient boundary between 

Massachusetts and Plymouth, 101. 
Conspiracy of Miantunnomoh and other 

Indian saeheuis m 1612, lii. 161. 

Constable, Sir William, x. 13. 
( 'oiistantine, Emperor, iz. 900. 
Consumption Bay, vi. 263. 
Contraband trade with the French, vi. 

Contribution for relief of French Protes- 
tants, ii.62. 

Controversy between Massachusetts and 
Mason and Gorges respecting the gov- 
ernment of .Maine, viii. 238. 

Convention of Delegates in Salem, 1643, 
vni. 203. 

Convers, .lames, i. 44. 

Com ers, Allin, ib. 

Com ere, Josiah, ib. 

Convers, James, iv. 290. 

Convers, Capt., vi. 224,226-228. Major, 
232, 233, 237, 245, 246. 

Converse, James, vii.65. 

Conway, Indian sagamore, viii. 173, 174. 

Cony, Thomas, viii. 343. 
Cooe, Robert, x. 143, 144. 
Cooe, Anna, x. 143. 
Cooe, John, x. 144. 
Cooe, Benjamin, ib. 

Cook, , i. 236. 

Cook, Aaron, iv. 291. 

Cook, A., Jr., ib. 

Cook, Capt., v. 190; vi.255. 

Cooke, Capt. George, i. 20 ; vii. 106 ; viii. 

268, 273. 
Cooke, Capt. John, i. 87. 
Cooke, Elisha, i. 120 ; ix. 124, 121; x. 

Cooke, Joseph, viii. 2G8, 273. 
Cooke, Sir John, Secretary, letter to him 

from Thomas Wiggin, viii. 322; from 

Em. Downinge, 324. 
Cooke, Elisha, Jr., ix. 124, 125. 
Cooke, Mary, ix. 125. 
Cooke, Middlecott, ib. 
Coolidge, Joseph, Jr., i. 287. 
Coolidge, Joseph, ii. 79; v. 295. 
Cooman, Walter, ix. 64. 
Cooper, Rev. William, ii. 272. 
Cooper, Sir Anthony A., ii. 343. 
Cooper, Rev. Dr. Samuel, v. 230 ; vii. 

290 ; viii. 278. 
Cooper, David, vi. 130. 
Cooper, Capt. Michael, vi. 132. 
Cooper, Daniel, vi. 136 
Cooper, John, vii. 244, 245. 
Cooper, Thomas, viii. 252. 
Cooper, Mary, viii. 25)5. 
Cooper, John, ib. 
Cooper, Thomas, ib. 
Cooper, Martha, ib. 
Cooper, Wibroc, ib. 
Cooper, Capt. Roger, viii. 25G-259, 262, 

263, 264. 
Cooper, Elizabeth, viii. 257. 

Cooper, Peter, viii 

Cooper, ('apt. u illiam, viii. 968,319. 
I Sooper, - , vni. 309. 
Cooper, Thomas, \ B8. 

Coos, V. 49, (;".,(-!). 
Cope, .Maria, \ in. 255. 

( 'ope, \\ illiam, viii. 267. 
Cope, Richard, ib. 

Cope, Thomas, \. 138. 

Copley, , vii. 289, 290. 

Copor [Cooper?], , .\ 38 

Coppard, Rev. William I., viii. 305 

Copper mine, viii. 91, 96. 
Coram, , i. I 12. 

Corbet, Dr., i. 238., John, iv 26:?. 
Cord. II, Robert, viii. 25.). 

Cordes, , ii. 57. 

Corfield, William, vii. 247. 

Corlet, Elijah, viii. 250. 

Corlet, Henry, ib. 

Corn and wheat very dear, ix. 288. 

Cornbury, Cord, Governor of New York, 

ii. 330'; vii. 231,2:;!), 240, 241. 
Cortu list, John, vii. 178. 
Corning, Samuel, vii. 256, 260. Senior, 

Corning, Elizabeth, vii. 256. 

Corn-planter, the, Indian chief, v. 159. 

Cornwallis, , i. 154. 

Corporation for promoting t lie Gospel 
among the Indians, letters of Rev. John 
Idiot and others to, iv. 165-195, 201, 
2-7 ; x. 110. 

Corrington, John, viii. 260 ; x. 129. 

Corrington, Mary, ib. 

Cortc de March, Monsieur, i. 105. 

Corteriaglis, Jasper, iii. 361. 

Cortes, iii. 52. Portrait of, vii. 283. 

Corwin, John, iv. 289. 

Corwin, Jonathan, x. 121. 

Cory, Martha, vii. 262. 

Cosattuck, Indians to be removed from, 
x. 64, 67. 

Cotta, John, vii. 205. 

Cottington. See Coddington. 

Cotton-wools, i. 25. 

Cotton, Rev. John, of Boston, i. 46, 79, 
148, 231; ii. 113, 126, 147, 244, 300, 
301, 310, 314 ; iii. 69, 93, 187, 226. 378, 
385, 387; iv. 137, 173; viii. 192, 204- 
207, 210, 246, 247, 286, 288, 343, 344 ; 
ix. 121,267 ; x. 166. Life of, by Rev. 
John Davenport, referred to, viii. 192. 
Life and death of, by Rev. John Nor- 
ton, 294. 

Cotton, Rev. John, of Plymouth, his let- 
ter to Rev. Rowland Cotton, i. 117; ii. 
147,254, 300,301,310. 

Cotton, Rev. Row land, letter to, i. 1 17 ; ii. 

Cotton, Rev. Josiah, ii. 94. 

Cotton, Rev. Ward, ii. 94, 300; iii. 187, 

Cotton, Rossiter, ii. 147. 


General Index. 

Cotton, Hon. Josiah, notice of, ii. 147. 
His Vocabulary of Massachusetts (or 
Natick) Indian Language, 155-247. 
Sermon in the Indian language, 249. 

Cotton, Elizabeth, ii. 300. 

Cotton, Rev. Seaborn, ii. 300; iii. 187. 

Cotton, Rev. John, of Hampton, ii. 300. 

Cotton, Rev. Theophilus, ii. 301. 

Cotton, Rev. Josiah, of Sandown, ii. 321; 
iii. 189. 

Cotton, Sarah, iii. 187. 

Cotton, Rev. John, of Yarmouth, v. 188, 

Cottons, the, vii. 22. 

Council established at Plymouth in the 
County of Devon, warrant for drawing 
the charter of, vi. 64. Make grants to 
John Pierce in trust, and to William 
Bradford and his associates, 73 ; to Rob- 
ert Gorges, 75; viii. 161. Charter sur- 
rendered, vi. 83. 

Council held at Newtown in relation to 
Mrs. Hutchinson's opinions, iii. 380. 

Council of Connecticut, letter of J. Win- 
throp, Jr., to, x. 89. 

Council, first meeting of, under Andros, 
vii. 164. 

Council, Ecclesiastical, v. 223, 224, 225, 
226, 227. At Dover, iii. 106. Green's 
Harbour, ib. New Taunton, 107. 

Counties, Massachusetts Colony divided 
into four, iii. 325 ; viii. 333. 

County Courts, viii. 333. 

Courser, William, viii. 263. 

Court of Assistants in Plymouth, the only 
judicial court in the Colony except Se- 
lectmen, ii. 267. 

Courtenay, Edward, viii. 302. 

Courtis, Zaccheus, viii. 320. 

Courts in Massachusetts, iii. 83. 

Courts of Justice, judgments and proceed- 
ings in, to be in English, ii. 336. 

Courts to be kept by the Indians, iv. 48. 

Cousins, Dr., i. 244. 

Coussens, George, viii. 319. 

Couterier, , ii. 57. 

Coutboy, Joseph J., vii. 292. 

Covell, Cesara, viii. 266; x. 130. 

Covenant of Indian Church at Martha's 
Vineyard, iv. 207. 

Covenant of works and grace, difference 
of opinion concerning them, viii. 291. 

Covenant renewed at Plymouth, vi. 187. 

Cowassuck, Indians killed at, vi. 257. 

Cow Island, vi. 243. 

Cowley's Works, v. 180. 

Cowper, Mary, x.170. 

Cows in Boston in 1742, i. 152. 

Coxe, Daniel W., i. 273. 

Coytemore, , x. 171. 

Cradock, Matthew, his plantation, iii. 322, 
326, 327. First Governor of the Massa- 
chusetts Company in England, viii. 201, 
269, 324. 

Cradock, Isabel, viii. 255. 

Craig, Major, v. 172. 

Cram, Rev. Jacob, of Hopkinton, i. 153. 

Cranch, Richard, v. 262. 

Crandall, John, viii. 293 ; ix. 291. 

Crane, Jasper, vii. 124 ; x. 84. 

Crane, , x. 33. 

Crane, Margaret, x. 165. 

Crane, Robert, ib. 

Cranfield, Edward, and others, commis- 
sioners, i. 226. 

Cranson, Capt., v. 190. 

Crantzius quoted, iv. 60. 

Craven, Lord, x. 38. 

Crawley, John, viii. 307. 

Creek Indians, causes of hostilities with, 
v. 169, 172. 

Crepoa, Capt. James, vi. 275. 

Cresson, Thomas, ii. 296. 

Cressy, Jonathan, ii. 297. 

Cribb, John, viii. 252 ; x. 127. 

Crisp, Richard, vii. 50, 157. 

Crispe, Henry, viii. 274. 

Crocket, Edward, vii. 178. 

Cromwell, Oliver, i. 181, 182, 183 ; ii. 332, 
seq., 350, 352, 354 ; iii. 387, 388 ; iv. 
199, 212, 294; viii. 251, 293; ix. 180, 
277, 281, 292; x. 2, 16, 19, 26, 27, 40. 
Interesting account of, and of affairs in 
England from the commencement of the 
Civil War until 1659, i. 185-198. His 
death, i. 192. And character, 193. Is 
succeeded by his eldest son Richard, ib. 
Order respecting forts taken from the 
French, vii. 122. Fac-simile of his au- 
tograph, ib. 

Cromwell, Richard, ii. 351 ; iii. 388, 389 ; 
x. 26. 

Cromwell, Capt. Thomas, iii. 385. 

Cromwell, Capt., iv. 128. 

Cromwell, Henry, x. 26. 

Crosby, Sarah, ii. 298. 

Crosby, Joseph, iv. 290. 

Crosby, Simon, ib. 

Crosby, Simon, viii. 260. 

Crosby, Ann, ib. 

Crosby, Thomas, ib. 

Cross, Rev. Abijah, iii. 185. 

Crosse, Henry, viii. 261; x. 129. 

Crosse, John, x. 141. 

Crosse, Anne, ib. 

Croswell, Rev. Andrew, ii. 63, 64. 

Crowne, Col., vii. 120. 

Crowninshield, Benjamin W., i. 273. 

Crown Point, v. 65, 85. 

Crowley, Ro., viii. 259. 

Crowther, , ix. 266. 

Croy, , ii. 26. 

Crystal Hill, or White Hill, viii. 168. 

Cuddrington, Christopher, x. 77. 

Cud worth, James, Lieut. -Governor of Ply- 
mouth, ii. 266. 

Cumberland, Earl of, iii. 52, 370. 

Cumberland, Duke of, v. 231. 

Cummings, Isaac, vii. 151. 

Cummings, Rev. Jacob, ii. 307. 

General Index. 


Cunningham, Cant., v. 190. 

Cmc, Jolly, i. B2. 

Currency, American, in 1703, vii. 226. 

Currier, Mar) , ii 

Curtes, t.r Cortes, in- 59. 

Cnrtie, Rev. Jonathan, ii. 323; iii. 189. 

( lurtis, Thomas B., v. ',".'•">. 

Curwen [Jonathan], vii. 961. 

Cur win, Rev. George, of Salem, v. 1-1, 1 35. 

Cushing, Rev. Dr. John, i. -J'.*:). 

Cushing, DTaniel], ii. 84. 

< lushing, Job, ii. 96. 

Cushing, Rev. Jonathan, ii. 307, 308. 

Cushing, Rev. Caleb, ii. 310. 

Cushing, Caleb, ii. ::(>7. 

Cushing, Luther S., v. 292. 

Cushing, Judge, i. L95. 

Cushman, Thomas, vii. 27. 

Custom-bouse fees, vii. 17:'». 

Cutchamaquin, or Cutshamaquin (iii. 141), 
Indian sachem, Ins wife admonished for 
breach of the Sabbath, iv. 52 - ")."). 
Against the Indians having a town; 
complains that the praying Indians do 
not pay him tribute, 140, 173, 270. Or 
Cutshamoquene, i. 164, 167, 168,176. 

Cutler, Deacon John, i. 255 -264. 

Cutler, Rev. Manasseh, LL. D., i. 287; 
vii. 17. 

Cutler, Rev. Robert, ii. 319. 

Cutt, Mrs. Ursula, killed by the Indians, 
vi. 236. 

Cutt, John, President of New Hampshire, 

Cutting, William, x. 141. 

Cuttinge, John, x. 140. 

Cuyler, Cornelius, v. 23. 


1) — , 


-, i. 119. 
, iii. 246. 



x. 155. 


, John 

, vi. 2%. 


-. ii. 17. 

Daille, M., pastor of the Church at Paris, 
an eloquent preacher and author, ii. 26, 

Daille, Rev. Peter, minister of the French 

Protestant Church in Oxford, Mass., ii. 

32; and in Roston, 52. His epitaph, 52, 

60, 62, 66. 
Daille, Paul, ii. 52. 
Daille, Seyre, her epitaph, ii. 53, 64. 
Dale, Sir Thomas, Governor of Virginia, 

iii. 372, 373. 
Dale's gift, iii. 372. 

Dalrymple, , ii. 354. 

Dalton, Tristram, ii. 285. 

Dalton, Rev. Timotliv, of Hampton, ii. 

300; iii. 94, 3-2; viii. 247. 
Dalton, Philemon, viii. 261. 
Dalton, Ilanna, ib. 
Dalton, Samuel, ib. 

Damascotta River, vi. 2115. 

Dame, Sarah, i. L58 

Dane rii'l Mrs, vi. 120. 

I Dammand, Jane, \ iii 9 
Damorascott) River, i. B5 . \i 343. 

Dana, Samuel, ii. 259. 

Dand, John, ii. 117, II'.', 125. 

I >ane, Philemon, ii. 276. 

Dan.-, Hon. Nathan, iii. 408 ; vi. 2! 6 , ix. 

Dane, Francis, viii. 217. 

Dane, Thomas, viii. 263. 

Danforth, , minister of Roxbury, 1. 

Danforth, Nathaniel, i. L56. 

Danforth, John, ii. 7:5. 
Danforth, Elizabeth, ib. 

Danforth, Rev. John, of Dorche.-ter, v. 

Danforth, Thomas, vi. 226; x. 120. Pres- 
identofthe Province of .Maine, vii. 15.^, 
160. To oversee the printing of the 
laws, viii. 213. To make an index, 

Danforth, Col., vii. 220. 

Danforth family, MSS. of the, vii. 22. 

Daniel, P., ii. 11,44. 

Daniel, Gov. Winthrop's man, x. 32. 

Daniell, Elizabeth, viii. 261. 

Danson, John, vii. 185. 

Danvers, , i. 184. 

Dan vers, town of, iv. 291. 

Danvers Church Records, extracts from, 
iii. 169. 

Danyell, Indian, his wigwam burnt, x. 113. 

Darcy, Lord Rivers, x. 161. 

Darno, Penelope, viii. 270; x. 130. 

Dartmouth College, x. 202. 

Daues, Susan, viii. 270; x. 130. 

D'Aulney and La Tour, papers relative 
to, vii. 90. 

D'Aulney, Madame, her letter to the Gov- 
ernors and Magistrates of New England, 
i. 28 To the Governor and Council of 
Massachusetts, vii. 115. Their answer, 

Davenant, Bishop, x. 133, 136. 

Davenport, Rev. John, i. 79; iii. 73, 98, 
136, 164. Fac-simile of his handwrit- 
ing, 165. And Gov. Eaton, their letter 
to the Governor of Massachusetts, iii. 
165,380,391. His MS. Pile of John 
Cotton referred to, viii. 192, 326. Let- 
ter of, 327; ix. 205, 211. Letters to 
John Winthrop, Jr., 294, 297; x. 6-9, 
11-15, 19-26,29-39,42-46; Senior, 
58-62, 74. Dies, 116, 133, 173. 

Davenport, James, ii. 63. 

Davenport, Ensign, in the Pequot expedi- 
tion, vi. 170. Captain of the castle at 
Boston, ib. Killed by lightning, iii. 392. 

Davenport, Capt., vi. 181, 1~2. 

Davenport, Mrs., prepares a house for the 
reception of J. Winthrop, Jr., and fam- 
ily, x. 12, 15, 32. 


General Index. 

Davenport, Rev. John, Jr., letter to J. 
Winthrop, Jr., x. 115. 

Davidson, James, viii. 300. 

Davies [Davis?], Capt. John, iii. 367. 

Davies, Barnaby, viii. 270. 

Davies, Nicholas, viii. 253. 

Davies, Sara, ib. 

Davies, Joseph, ib. 

Davies, John, viii. 261. 

Davies, Marie, viii. 262. 

Davies, Margaret, ib. 

Davies, Elizabeth, ib. 

Davila's History of Civil Wars of France 
referred to, ii. 6, 8, 14, 50, 51. 

Davis, Sylvanus, his declaration concern- 
ing the war in the eastern parts of New 
England, 1690, i. 101. 

Davis, Ephraim, i. 124. 

Davis, Benjamin, of Amherst, N. H., i. 

Davis, Robert, of Concord, N. H., i. 158. 

Davis, Hon. John, President of the Mas- 
sachusetts Historical Society, i. 272, 
287, 292, 293, 294 ; ii. 244, 285, 341, 
367; iii. 406; v. 283; vi. 299; vii. 17, 
22. His edition of Morton's Memorial 
referred to, vi. 157 ; vii. 7, 248 ; ix. 70. 
Letter from Leonard Bacon to, vii. 243. 
His letter respecting Isaac Allerton, 289, 
301. Memoir of, x. 186. 

Davis, Samuel, Corresponding Secretary 
of the Pilgrim Society, Plymouth, i. 
287; ii. 259, 262. Memoir of, v. 253 ; 
vii. 24. 

Davis, Daniel, i. 287; vii. 17. 

Davis, Robert, iii. 51. 

Davis, James, ib. 

Davis, John, ib. 

Davis, Isaac P., iii. 405, 408 ; v. 297, 
298 ; vi. 295, 299 ; vii. 293, 295 ; x. 

Davis, Sir John, iii. 311. 

Davis, Simon, iv. 291. 

Davis, Thomas, v. 253. 

Davis, Ellen Watson, v. 282. 

Davis, Hon. John, of Worcester, v. 2S8. 

Davis, Sergeant, vi. 27, 165, 170. 

Davis, Major, vi. 217. 

Davis, Capt., vi. 250. 

Davis, Benjamin, vii. 50. 

Davis, Mrs. Mary, vii. 291. 

Davis, Hon. Nathaniel M., viii. 4 ; x. 186. 

Davis, John, x. 88. 

Davy, Sir H., Life of, referred to, viii. 

Davyes, Thomas, viii. 319. 

Dawes, Judge, v. 256. 

Dawes, Lieut., vi. 210. 

Dawes, William, viii. 254. 

Dawson, , x. 187. 

Day, , vi. 232. 

Day, Robert, viii. 254. 

Day, Hanna, viii. 263. 

Day, Robert, x. 141. 

Day, Mary, ib. 

Day-Breaking, if not the Sun-Rising, of 

the Gospel with the Indians in New 

England, by Rev. John Eliot, iv. 1-23; 

viii. 2S7. 
Daysey, Richard, vii. 157. 
Dayton, A. O., Secretary of State, vii. 

292, 294. 
Deaconesses, iii. 69. 

Dean, , v. 126. 

Deane, Thomas, vii. 49. 
Deane, Rachel, viii. 257. 
Dearborn, Hon. H. A. S., iii. 408; vi. 

De Barval, Monsieur, iii. 362. 
De Bel Isle, Sieur, i. 28. 
De Bethune, Maximilian, Duke of Sully. 

See Sully. 
Deborah, a colored woman, ii. 290. 
De Boulainvilliers, M. le Comte, ii. 47. 

De Boulemaky, , vii. 94. 

De Bourgogne, Due, ii. 47. 

De Bry cited, ii. 7. 

De Castine, Baron, ix. 83. 

De Charnizay, Mons., i. 28. 

Dedham, Massachusetts, i. 50 ; iii. 320 ; 

iv. 88, 290 ; vi. 14, 188 ; x. 172. 
Dedham village, iv. 178. 
Deed from William Stoughton's executors 

to the second company of settlers in 

Oxford, ii. 73. 
Deerfield, iv. 291. Burnt by the Indians, 

vi. 180, 245, 250. 
Deering, Capt., v. 190. 
De Espeio, Antonio, viii. 122. 
De Gama, Vasques, iii. 361. 
De Gorram, William, viii. 313. 
De Gorram, Ralph, ib. 
De Gorram, Geoffrey, ib. 
De Gorram, Robert, ib. 
De Gorram, Sir Hugh, ib. 

De Guy, , v. 199. 

Dehamda, Indian, vi. 54. 

De la Consiliere, , ii. 57. 

De la Fayette, Marquis, i. 290 ; v. 286. 
Delafield, John, Librarian of the New 

York Historical Society, ii. 323, 335, 

359, 362. 
De la Haye, Jean, ii. 16. 
Delancey, Lieut. -Gov., v. 7. 
De la Place, ii. 26. 
De la Tour, Monsieur, ii. 64. 
De la Velliere, ii. 65. 
De-la-ware, Lord, Governor of Virginia, 

iii. 11. 
Delaware Bay, iii. 100. 
De-la- ware castle taken, iii. 314, 391. 
Delaware Indians remove to Ohio, v. 46, 

103, 104. 
Delaware language, v. 287. 
De Leiseline, ii. 57. 
De Linno, Nicholas, iii. 359. 

De Lomenie, , vii. 114. 

De Louvoy, M., ii. 21. 

Delysle, , ii. 57. 

De Mandeville, John, viii. 7, 41, 48, 51. 

General Index. 


De Mcneual, , Governor of Acadia, 

his complaint against Gov. Phipa, i. 

115. ' l 
I)e IVfenou. Siv D'Aulney. 

1 >e Moran, Francisco, \ i. 2-1 . 
Denby, Karl of, vii. 129. 
Denie, Ronde, i. 143. 
Denison, Daniel, Major-General, iii. 330 ; 
\i. 184 ; mi. 106. Appointed to amend 

the laws, \ iii. 213. 

Denison, Capt, vi. 184. 

Denison, George, letter to John Winthrop, 

Jr., x. 64, 68. 
Denison, William, vii. 60. 
Denmark, the King of, orders several gold 

and Bilver medals to be Bent to Rev. J>>- 

aiah C. Shaw and others of Cohasset, ii. 

Denmark, Prince of, v. 205. 

Dennis, Capt., v. 100. 

Denny, Mary, viii. 206. 

De Normanville, , i. G5. 

Denton, Richard, viii. 247. 

De Oniedo, Gonsalvo, viii. 123. 

De Paris, Vincent, vii. 07. 

De Pecker, J., ix. 56, 71. 

u De Politeia Ecclesiastica," Robert Par- 
ker author of, iii. 04. 

De Ponce, John, iii. 362. 

Depont, Jacques, ii. 60. 

Depont, .Monsieur, ii. 66. 

Deptford, vii. 182. 

Deputies to the General Court, how cho- 
sen, ii. 13^; viii. 201. Term of olhce 
changed, 203. 

De Razier, Isaac, ix. 60. 

Derby, Elias llasket, i. 287. 

Derbyshire, George, viii. 307. 

Dering, Ed., vii. 138. 

Derings, Henry, vii. 50. 

Dermout, Rev. J., ix. 57, 65, 71. 

De Ruiter, , x. 55. 

De Saint Mas, Mons., i. 61 ; vii. 114. 
His letter to the Governor and Council, 

116. Their answer, 117. 
Desborough, Lord, i. 61, 197; ii, 351. 
Description of American medals, vi. 268. 
Description of New England, Capt. John 

Smith's, reprint of, vi. 05. 

De Soto, Ferdinando, vi. 104, 107 ; viii. 
114, 1-22. 

De St. Etienne, Rabaut, a Protestant min- 
ister, obtains an edict favorable to the 
Protestants in France, ii. 41. 

Dessaussure, Henry W., i. 200. 

De Thou, ,"ii. 6. 

Deveaux, , ii. 57. 

De Verazzano, John, viii. 71, 123. 

Devcreux, , x. 148. 

De Vignoles, , ii. 26. 

Devotion, Margaret, viii. 268. 

De Wallenstein, M. Julius, i. 200. 

Dewando, i. 111. 

Dewev, Cornet, iv. 201. 

De Wilt, Dr. Benjamin, i. 200. 

Dexter, Dr. Aaron, i. 887, 293 j v. 262 ; 

vii. 17; ix. 171. 
Dexter, Samuel, ii.7-, 79, 
Dexter, , founder of professorship in 

Harvard College, ii. 79. 
Dexter, Francis, riii. 25 I. 
I texter, * Jregon , viii. 2 
Dexter, Franklin, United States District 

Attorney, x. 194. 
l)e\ king, Alice, viii. 268. 
Dej lv\ og, John, il>. 

D'Harriette, , ii. 57. 

Dherapine, , ii. 22. 

Diamond, John, \ i. 'J'J'. 1 . 

Dickestean, , ii. 61. 

Dickinson, Rev. Pliny, iii. 100. 

\)wk>\, John, x. 107". 

Dictionary of all languages ordered to be 

made by the Empress of ltu>sia, v. 286. 
Dier, John, vi. 220. 
Difference between the United Colonies 

and Rhode Island, i. 71. 

Diebv, Sir Keneln 

enehne, l. 

183. Letters to 

John Winthrop, Jr., x. 5, 15. 

Digby, Thomas, vi. 130, 134. 

Dighton Rock, x. 202. 

Dike, Anthonv, iii. 144. 

Dillingham,- , i. 245; ix. 267. 

Dillwyn, , ix. 10. 

Dimmock, Capt., of Barnstable, vi. 243. 

Dingley, N., viii. 310, 320; x. 145. 

Dinwiddie, Gov., v. 7. 

Dirmir, Thomas, vi. 130. 

Disborough, Mrs., x. 7. 

Disbrough, Isaac, viii. 254. 

Discourse before the Massachusetts His- 
torical Society by Hon. John G. Pal- 
frey, ix. 165. 

Discourse of Hon. John Q,. Adams con- 
cerning New England Confederacy, ix. 

Discoveries by Columbus, Cabot, and oth- 
ers, iii. 357-373; viii. 6. 

Disney, Rev. John, i. 260. 

Disney, John, vii. 205. 

Dispeux, Elie, ii. 60. 

Dissenters' Library, viii. 317. 

Divinity School, Cambridge, x. 200. 

Divorce granted by the court, i. 27. 

Dix, Margaret, viii. 260. 

Dixy, William, vii. 256, 260, 267. 

Dixy, Anna, vii. 256. 

Doane, Jane, ii. 06. 

Doane, Elisha, ii. 105, 106. 

Doane, John, vii. 299. 

Dobbins, Capt., vi. 272,274. 

Dobson, , v. 274. 

Documents relating to Gosnold's voyage 
to America, A. D. 1602, viii 69- 123. 

Documents and Coins placed under a pil- 
lar of the United States Branch Bank at 
Boston, i. 271 . 

Dodd, James, viii. 267. 

Doddridge's Life of Col. Gardiner quoted, 
vii. 272. 


General Index. 

Dodg, William, Sen., vii. 253, 256. 
Dodg, William, Jr., vii. 253. 
Dodg, William, ib. 
Dodg, John, ib. 

Dodge, , ii. 367. 

Dodge, William, iv. 290. 
Dodge, John, ib. 

Dodge, Richard, vii. 256. 

Dodge, John, Sen., ib- 

Dodge, Mary, Sen., ib. 

Dodge, Elizabeth, ib. 

Dodge, Mary, Jr., ib. 

Dodge, , vii. 260. 

Dodge, John, vii. 267. 

Dodge, William, vii. 26S. 

Dodge, Jonathan, vii. 269. 

Dodridge, , gives [Harvard] Col 

lege £10 per annum for ever, i. 62. 

Doliver, , vii. 198. 

Dolliver, , vi. 232. 

Donations to Massachusetts Historical So- 
ciety, i. 295 ; ii. 365 j iii. 404 ; v. 291 ; 
vi. 294 ; vii. 292. 

Done, John, viii. 273; x. 130. 

Doneyes, the, i. 104. 

Dongan, Gov., iii. 168 ; vii. 187 ; x. 184 

Donnacona, Indian king, viii. 121. 

Donnel family, ix. 82, 83. 

Dorchester, Lord, v. 148. His speech to 
Indian chiefs, 159. 

Dorchester Company, vii. 254. 

Dorchester men settle in Salem, iii. 34. 

Dorchester, Massachusetts, i. 50; iii. 318; 
iv. 88, 289 ; vii. 297 ; ix. 204. 

Dorchester Church, iii. 378; iv. 90. 

Dorchester Mill, Indians near, iv. 50, 56, 

Dorchester, Connecticut, now Windsor, 
vi. 35. 

Dorifall, Anne, x. 141. 

Dorislaus, Dr., ii. 334. 

Dormer, Capt., in New England, vi. 61 - 
72; iii. 374. 

Dorr, Thomas W., his insurrection, ix. 210. 

D'Ossat, Cardinal, ii. 45. 

Doughty, Rev. , iii. 96, 107, 403. 

Douglas, William, vii. 157. 

Douglass's Summary quoted and error cor- 
rected, ii. 273. 

Doun, Thomas, viii. 269. 

Dounard, Marie, viii. 256. 

Douw, Volkert P., v. 75, 80-100. 

Douxsaint, , ii. 57. 

Dove, John, x. 136. 

Dover, N. H., Church and Ministers, ii. 
307 ; iii. 188 ; iv. 292. 

Dover Cliff, viii. 76. 

Dow, Mary, ix. 256. 

Dow, James, ib. 

Downam, John, iv. 30, 35. 

Downer, William, viii. 299. 

Downing, Sir George, put in the Tower, 
i. 61 ; viii. 277. 

Downing, , vi. 236. 

Downing, Jacob G., viii. 277. 

Downing, Mrs., ix. 239. 

Downing, James, ix. 241, 243, 246, 248. 

Downing, Mary, ix. 260, 262, 267. 

Downing, Susan, ix. 260, 267. 

Downing, Joseph, ix. 265. 

Downinge, Emmanuel, i. 1; viii. 208,297; 
ix. 227, 233, 239, 246 -267; x. 171. His 
letter to Gov. Winthrop, i. 15,242,246. 
His letter to Sir John Cooke, viii. 

Dowsing, William, x. 170. 

Drake, Samuel G., ii. 367, 368 ; v. 298 ; 
vi. 294 ; vii. 293. His « Book of the 
Indians" referred to, vi. 173. 

Drake, Sir Francis, iii. 52, 298, 364-369; 
vi. 104, 111. 

Drake, John, viii. 301. 

Drake, Robert, ib. 

Drake, , ix. 245. 

Draper, Anna, ii. 297. 

Drafper], Cleare, x. 143. 

Dreble, , x. 17. 

Drelincourt, ii. 26 

Dresser, John, iv. 290. 

Drew, Thomas, ii. 296. 

Drewe, Edmond, viii. 302. 

Drewrie, George, viii. 266; x.130. 

Drinker, Edward, vii. 50. 

Drinker, Philip, viii. 267. 

Drinker, Elizabeth, ib. 

Drinker, Edward, ib. 

Drinker, Jo., ib. 

Driver, Robert, viii. 266. 

Drouillet, Paul, ii. 65. 

Drown, 'Samuel, ii. 295. 

Drummonds, the, viii. 310. 

Drury, , x. 38. 

Drury, Sir Robert, x. 169. 

Duane, , of New York, v. 87, 92. 

Dubois, , ii. 57. 

Du Bosc, , ii. 27. 

Dubose, , ii. 57. 

Du Bourdieu, ib. 

Duddeley, Sir Robert, iii. 369. 

Dudley, [Thomas], Deputy-Governor and 
Governor, i. 11, 37, 231 ; iii. 94, 138, 
377-387,400; iv. 128 ; vi. 81 ; vii. 106 
- 108, 299, 300 ; viii. 204, 207, 209, 245, 
246, 248. 

Dudley, Sir Matthew, i. 143. 

Dudley, Gov. Joseph, i. 222 ; ii. 29, 67, 
69, 73, 287 ; v. 189, 194, 213, 214 ; vii. 
63, seq., 155, 166, 171, 230. His letter 
to Gabriel Bernon, 66. Goes to Casco to 
treat with the Indians, vi.247. Instruc- 
tions from Queen Anne, ix. 101. 

Dudley, Thomas, ii. 31. 

Dudley, Thomas, iv. 295. 

Dudley, Rev. Samuel, ib. 

Dudley, William, v. 190. 

Dudley, Thomas, viii. 248. 

Dudley, , ix. 124. 

Dudley, Samuel, ix. 240. 

Dudley, , ix. 256. 

Dugan, John, vii. 290. 

General Index. 


Dugdale'g "Troubles in England" quot- 
ed, ii. 338, 349. 
Dukurst, Henry, fin. 20'.'. 
Duke, John, viii. 257. 

Dake, lid ward, \ iii. 974 

Duke of Vork's Province, iii. "17. 

Diikislnirv. s.i- Duxbury. 

Damme r, , i. 117. 

DunimtT, Jer[emiah], sgenl in London, 

his letter to the General Court, i. 189 . 

v. 908; mi. 969. 
Dnmmer, JerTemiahl, ii. 60, 72. 
Dimmer, William, Lient.-Gov., ii. 'J?:') ; 

vii. 85, A o, 
Dnmmer, Rev. Bfcubael, <>t' York, killed 

by Indians, vi. 227. His wile taken 
prisoner, dies, ;'/;. 

Dummer, Jeremiah, vii. 158, 168. 
Dummer, Richard, \. L45. 
Dummer, Alee, ib. 
Dnmmer, Thomas, ib. 
Dummer, Joane, ib. 

Dummer, Jane, ib. 
Dummer, Stephen, ib. 
Dummer, Dorothie, ib. 
Dumont, , ix. (>:?. 

Du , J. Bertram!, ii. 31. 

Du Monts, Mons., iii. 370, 371. 

Du .Moulin, , ii. 20, 48. 

Dunbar, thanksgiving tor the victory of, 
ii. 336. 

Duncan, lion. John, i. 157. 

Dnnlop, John, v. 292. 

Dunn, John, i. 290. 

Dunning, , viii. 305. 

Dunstable, iv. 291. Attacked by Indians, 
vi. 277. 

Dunstable, N. II., its Churches and Min- 
isters, iii. 186; iv. 293. 

Dunster, Henry, iii. {»:?, 105, 383, 389; iv. 
41 ; viu. 248. 

Dunston, Elizabeth, x. 160. 

Dunston, Edward, ib. 

Duntze, Sir John, Hart., viii. 303. 

Du Perron, Cardinal, ii. 45. 

Du Pin, Eccl. Hist, quoted, ii. G, 1G, 26. 

Du Point, Mons., iii. 370, 371. 

Du Ponceau, Peter S., i. 290,298 : vi. 294, 
297; vii. 22; \ 198, -21:;. 

Dupont, J., i. '.273. 

Du Pont, , ii. 57. 

Dupplin, , v 22. 

Dupre, , ii. 57. 

Dupuis, John, ii. 62. 

Dnquesne, Fort, vi. 149. 

Durdal, Heugh, x. 14&, 

Durfee, Rev. C, vi. 2! 3. 

Durgin, John, i. 157. 

Durham, N. II., Church and Ministers, ii. 

305; iii. 188; iv. 293. 

Durie, Robert, ix. 58, G6. 

Durie, John, ix. 58. 

Dustan, Hannah, taken by Indians, vi. 

Duston, Jonathan, ii.296. 

vnr.. x. 37 

Duston, Hannah 

Dutarque. — 

2 H . 

Dutch claim Long Island, iii. 9-' War de- 
clared against, \ 99 ittack Long l>l 
and,86 - Ml, 106, 108 1 15. Take New 
York, B7. Peace with, restored, 104. 

Dutch Churches, practice of, ii. l 19. 

Dutch Governor tends a pinnace to recov- 
er English captn es, vi. 18. 

Dutch Commander recovers English cap- 
tives, \ i. L8, Mil . 

Dutch Governor called home, ix. '117. 

Dutch Settlements, iii. 372. 

Dutch ships prohibited from coining to 

.New York, \. 77. 
Du Tuffeau, Isaac B., ii. 67. Comes to 

Boston, land granted to him at Oxford, 

ii. 69. 
Duxbury, or Sandwich, iii. 316; vi. 13. 
Dwight, Rev. Dr. Timothy, i. 290. 
Dwight, Timothy, iv. 290. 
Dwight, Theodore, v. 300. 
Dwight, Theodore, Jr., v. 300 ; vi. 296. 
Dyer, Mrs. Mary, iii. 231, 381, 389; viii. 

Dyer, John, vi. 174. 
Dyer, Capt., vi. 255. 
Dyer, Jo., viii. 252. 
Dyneley, Charles, viii. 246. 

Eagle or Arbella, Ship, iii. 377. 

Eames, Rev. Jonathan, ii. 321. 

Earthquakes in New England, iii. 219, 
382,388,390,391, 394. 

Eastern country destroyed by the French 
and Indians, vi. 248. 

Eastern Indians acknowledge the inde- 
pendence of the United States, ix. 89. 

Eastham, town of, iii. 384. 

East Hampton, x. 92, 93. Settled, 180,183. 

East Indies, voyage to, ix. 292. 

East Kingston, "N. H., Church and Minis- 
ter at, ii. 312. Mentioned, iv. 293. 

Eastman, John, iv. 290. 

Easton, Peter, iii. 372. 

Easton, , ix. 278. 

Easton, Nicholas, Jr., x. 106. 

Eastport Lyceum, v. 291. 

Eaton, Theophilus, Governor of New 
Haven, i. 22!); iii. 155, 161,164,31."), 
326, 380, 388; vii. 302: viii. 308 ; ix. 
199, 205, 211. Eac-simile of his hand- 
writing, iii. 165. And Rev. John Da- 
venport, their letter to the Governor 
of Massachusetts, ib. Division of his 
estate, x. 37. 

Eaton, John, i. 157. 

Eaton, Nathaniel, viii. 2-17. 

Eaton, Samuel, viii. 248. 

Eaton, Thomas, viii. 258. 

Eaton, Abigail, ib. 

Eaton, Marie, ib. 


General Index. 

Eaton, William, viii. 276. 

Eaton, Martha, ib. 

Eaton, Jerome, viii. 308. 

Eaton, Samuel, x. 8. 

Eaton, Mrs. Hannah, x. 37. 

Ebeling, Rev. Prof. C. D., i. 290; vii. 20. 

Ecclesiastical Council, v. 223, 226. 

Ecclesiastical Council at Charlestown, i. 

Ecclesiastical Government in Virginia, iii. 

Ecclesiastical and Civil Government of 
New England, iii. 55. 

Ecclesiastical jurisdiction, case of, i. 248. 

Eckford, Henry, i. 273. 

Eckley, Rev. Joseph, i. 154. 

Eckley, Rev. , v. 262. 

Eckley, David, vi. 299. 

Eclipse of the Moon, iii. 227. 

Eclipses, A. D. 1659, x. 23. 

Eclipse, solar, of 1780, ii.285 ; x. 187. 

Edgaremet, Indian sagamore, i. 112. 

Eddy, Samuel, i. 290. 

Edge, Robert, viii. 272; x. 130. 

Edgeremet, vi. 226, or Egermet, 228, 235. 
Treacherously slain, 244. 

Edict concerning marriages not celebrated 
by Romish priests, ii. 36. 

Edict of Nantes granted, ii. 16. Revoked, 

Edmund, x. 7, 21, 37, 38. 

Edward VI., iii. 363. 

Edwards, Dr., ii. 150. 

Edwards, B. B., v. 292, 294. 

Edwards, Robert, viii. 272. 

Edwards, Thomas, x. 102. 

Eelles, Rev. Nathaniel, ii. 92, 94. 

Eitnes, Daniel, i. 124. 

Ela, or Healey, Widow, ii. 296. 

Elcock, Anth., x. 45. 

Elbridg, , i. 199. 

Elderkin, , ix. 280, 293. 

Elders, case of Mons. Ea Tour submitted 
to, vii. 107. 

Elders not duly honored, x. 61. 

Eldon, Lord, x. 198. 

Eleutherians, grant of land to, vii. 158, 

Elford, Joan, viii. 305. 

Elford, Thomas, ib. 

Eliot, Rev. John, i. 50; ii. 59; iii. 93, 
310, 385; vi.237; vii. 72 ; viii. 198,199, 
248, 276, 295, 318. Translates the Bible 
into the Indian language, ii. 148, 244, 248 ; 
iii. 392. Extracts from his Indian Gram- 
mar, ii . 148 ; and Bible, 248. Relation of 
his labors among the Indians, iv. 1-23. 
His letter to Rev. Thomas Shepard con- 
cerning the late work of God among the 
Indians, 49. His conference with a Nar- 
raganset sachem, 61, 62, 64. Preaches 
to the Indians at Pawtucket, 82, 123, 
168; Nashaway, 123, 134. His letter 
concerning the progress of the Gospel 
among the Indians, 79, 87, 89, 98. 

Preaches to the Watertown Indians, 
118. His letter to Rev. Henry Whit- 
field, 119. Letter concerning the origin 
of the Indians, ib. Desires to translate 
some parts of the Scriptures into their 
language, 121. Letters of, 122-145, 
163. His letters to the corporation es- 
tablished by Parliament for propagating 
the Gospel among the natives of New 
England, 166-175, 181, 190, 191, 194. 
And T. Mayhew, further narrative of 
the progress of the Gospel amongst the 
Indians in New England, 197. His 
Narrative of the Examinations of the 
Indians about their Knowledge in Re- 
ligion, by the Elders of the Church- 
es, 261-287. His Christian Common- 
wealth, ix. 127-164. He makes an 
acknowledgment, 128, 284. 

Eliot, Dr. Ephraim, i. 287. 

Eliot, Rev. Dr. John, of Boston, i. 287, 
292, 2!»3; vii. 9, 10, 17, 276; ix. 167. 
His " Biographical Dictionary " referred 
to, ii. 50,302; v. 177 ; vi. 2; vii. 8; ix. 
123, 166; x. 165. 

Eliot, Rev. Andrew, i. 290. 

Eliot, Dr. E., i. 298. 

Eliot, Daniel, ii. 66, 67, 74, 75. 

Eliot, Daniel, Jr., ii. 74, 75. 

Eliot, John F., ii. 366. 

Eliot, John, Jr., iii. 385. 

Eliot, Capt., v. 141, 142 

Eliot, John, Sen., viii. 318. 

Eliot, Thomas, ib. 

Elizabeth, Queen, iii. 363. Dies, 370 ; vi. 

Elizabeth Islands, vi. 13. So called by 
Capt. Gosnold, 1602, viii. 76 ; who 
builds a fort and intends to settle there, 
77. Visited by Members of Massachu- 
setts Historical Society in 1817, 70. De- 
scription of, 77, 88. 

Ellery, William, iv. 290. 

Ellery, , vi. 232. 

Ellingwood, Ralph, vii. 256. 

Elliot, Andrew, iv. 290. 

Elliott, Lydia, viii. 254. 

Elliott, Philip, ib. 

Elliott, Marie, ib. 

Elliott, Elizabeth, ib. 

Elliott, Sara, ib. 

Elliott, John, Jr., viii. 318. 

Ellis, Rev. George E., viii. 4; ix. 2, 31. 

Ellis, Elizabeth, viii. 266. 

Ellis, , viii. 309. 

Ellwood, Ralph, viii. 272. 

Elmes, Rodolphus, viii. 257. 

Embargo, x. 194. 

Emerson, Solomon, i. 155. 

Emerson, Daniel, i. 156. 

Emerson, Rev. William, i. 287,293. 

Emerson, Rev. John, of Portsmouth, ii. 

Emerson, Rev. John, of Berwick, vi. 207. 

Emerson, Jo., viii. 267. 

General Index, 


Emery, Rev. Jacob, ii. :?i I 

Emery, Rev. Stephen, ii. '.518. 

Emery, John, \ in, 319. 

Emery, Anthony, ib. 

Emmons, Rev. Nathaniel, D. I)., i 156. 

Encyclopadia Americana, \. *J 1 7 . 

Endicott, John, GSovernor, and others, I«-t- 
tci to Sir Henry Vane, i. 35, Letter from 
Peter Bulkley, I?. His letter, probably 
to Lord Clarendon or the Earl <>f Man- 
chester, 51. Causes the order of Charles 
11. for the apprehension <>i" Cols. \\ hal- 
lfv and Gone to be printed, ib. Sends 
messengers for the accomplishment of 
tlif King's commands, 53. Letter from 
William B ronton, 54. Mentioned, iii. 94, 
140,325,376. Deputy-Governor, 383, 
384. Major-General, 38 1,385,386,387. 
Deputy-Governor, 388-392, 400. Gov- 
ernor, iv. 177. His letter to the Corpo- 
ration for promoting the Gospel among 
the Indians, 189, 201. Captain in the 
Peqnot war, vi. 4, 162. Colonel, 6. 
Letter from Mons. D'Aulney, vii. 92, 
123,287. Governor, 99, 117, 118. Dep- 
uty-Governor, 119. Deputy, nii. 208. 
Governor, 213. Cuts the cross out of 

Epsom, N. II , Minister! of, ii. 322. 

Church at, in. 189 . ii 294. 
Brneste, < Srai a, ix. 2 18 
Error in the Memoirs of Gen. Heath cor* 

rected, vi. 283. 
Errors in Massachusetts Histories] Collec- 
tions corrected bv Aldan Bradford, fii. 

Erskine, Rev. Dr. J. dm, i. 290. 
Brskine's Sketches of Church History 

quoted, ii 5. 
Erving, Hun. George \V , i. 290; ii. 368 ; 

v. 293. 
Essex, Earl of, iii. r>'J ; x. 156. 
Esses County, England, history of, \. 151. 
Essex County, Massachusetts, iii. 325. 
Estabrook, Samuel, i. 157. 
Eatoliland discovered, iii. 359. 

Eustace, , i.\. 255. 

Evance, , vii. 245. 

Evance, Mrs., x. 8. 

Evans, Rev. Israel, of Concord, N. II., i. 

154. Chaplain in the Revolutionary 

army, ib. 

Evans, Cadwallader, Jr., i. 273. 
Evans, Sir Hugh, ix. 206. 
Evelyn, J., vii. 70. 
the banners, is called to account, ix. Everard, John, x. 163. 
208. Goes against the Pequots, 213, Evered, alias Webb, John, viii. 319. 
244. His laws, 257 ; x. 176. Evered, alias Webb, Stephen, ib. 

England, people of, first called English- Everett, Hon. and Rev. Edward, i. 2B7. 
men, A. D. 827, iii. 358. Professor, ii.365; v. 292-298. Gov- 

England's oppressive acts towards Anieri- j ernor, vi. 295, 297; vii. 25, 294. Min- 

ca, relation of, v. 87-90. ister to England, viii. 341, 342. 

English, Joseph, a friendly Indian, killed, Everett, Hon. Alexander II., iii. 407,408. 

vi. 27V . 

English, Philip, ii. 60. 
English Church at l.eyden, ix. 42-74. 
English Fishermen said to have been mur- 
dered bv Indians, v. 40. 

Ewell, Hen., viii. 274. 
Ewer, Thomas, viii. 264. 
Ewer, Sara, ib. 
Ewer, Elizabeth, ib. 
i Exeter, N. II., iii. 99, 342 ; iv. 294 

robbing and murdering an Indian, ii 

Epenowe. an Indian, carried to England 

vi. 58, 59. Escapes, 61) -6:5. 
Epes, Daniel, iv. 291. 
Ephraim, Indian, iv. 258. 

Englishmen executed at Plymouth for 227,259. Persons belonging to, killed 

by Indians, vi. 278. First Church, iv. 
292,294. Second Church, ii. 319; iv. 
293. Academy, vii. 289. 

Eyre, Manuel, i. 273. 

Eyre, John, drowned, v. 183. 

Eyre, Justice, ib. 

Eyre, Simon, vii. 249, 303. 

Eyre, Isaac, vii. 249. 





207,232,234. In 

England at the Restoration, 1660, x. 42. Eyre, Elizabeth, ib. 
Episcopal Church at Providence, ii. 70, 72. j Eyres, Mrs., vii. 303. 
Episcopal Church, first in New England, 

becomes the first Unitarian Church, v. 

Episcopal Minister laments the overthrow 

of Andros's government, vii. 193. 
Episcopius, Simon, ix. 47, 58. 
Epochs in the History of the French 

Protestants, ii. 83. 
Epping, X. II , Church and Ministers of, 

ii. 319; iii. 189; iv. 293. 
Epps, Daniel, v. 190. 
Epps, Elizabeth, viii. 269. 
Epps, Samuel, letter to Fit/. John Win- 

throp, x. 89, 91. 


Faber, Joseph, viii. 262. 

Fabian, , ix. 256. 

Fabin, Elizabeth, viii. 263. 

Fairbanks, Richard, vii. 48. 

Pairclough, Lawrence, X. 164. 

Fairfax, Lord, refuses to march against 

^ Scotland, i 188; vi. 219; ix.281; x.41. 

Fairfax, Sir Thomas, vi. 159. 
Fairfax, John, x. 149. 
Fairfield, sickness at, X. 21. 


General Index. 

Fairfield, Daniel, Journal quoted, ii. 302. 

Fairfield, Walter, iv. 291. 

Fairweather, Capt., vi. 242. 

Falcon, Ship, of Amsterdam, iii. 395. 

Faldoe, Barth., viii. 255. 

Falmouth in Casco Bay, i. 86, 102. Sol- 
diers sent there from Boston, 102, 105. 
Inhabitants of Sheepscot and other 
towns retire to, vi. 208. 

Familism, A Brief Discovery of, viii. 286. 

Faneuil Family, ii. 53. 

Faneuil, Andrew, ib. 

Faneuil, Peter, ii. 53; vii.289. 

Faneuil, Benjamin, ii. 60, 67. 

Faneuil Hall, ii. 53. 

Fannett, , viii. 274. 

Farebrother, Suzanna, viii. 269. 

Farlo, George, i. 45. 

Farman, Ralph, viii. 270. 

Farman, Alice, ib. 

Farman, Mary, ib. 

Farman, Thomas, ib. 

Farmer, John, Account of Churches and 
Ministers in New Hampshire, i. 153, 
158,290,296; ii. 299 ; iii. 183; iv. 292. 
Memoir of Narraganset Townships, ii. 
273, 365; iii. 183, 405; iv. 289; v. 294, 
297 ; vi. 296 ; viii. 249, 344. 

Farmer's Genealogical Register referred 
to, vii. 255 ; viii. 312. 

Farmer and Moore's Collections referred 
to, ii. 297, 304, 306, 308, 315, 319, 320. 

" Farmer's brother," an Indian, v. 159. 

Farnham, Capt., vi. 208. 

Farrar, Samuel, ii. 321. 

Farrar, Rev. Stephen, ib. 

Farrel, James, x. 178. 

Farrington, Thomas, iii. 157. 

Farrington, Edmond, viii. 253. 

Farrington, Elizabeth, ib. 

Farrington, Sara, ib. 

Farrington, Matthew, viii. 253; x. 128. 

Farrington, John, viii. 253. 

Farrington, , x. 182. 

Farwell, Thomas, ii. 297. 

Fast "enjoined upon all the King's sub- 
jects," Jan. 30, 1689, i. 83. In Massa- 
chusetts, on account of Philip's war, 
vi. 187. On account of the Pequot war, 
x. 176. 

Faucheraud, , ii. 57. 

Favour, Timothy, ii. 297. 

Fay, Rev. , ii. 321. 

Fayerweather, John, vii. 50. 

Fayre (or Fear). Cape, Adventurers, rep- 
resentation of, i. 55. 

Faysoux, , ii. 57. 

Feake, , x. 2. 

Feaks, or Feakes, ix. 256, 258. 

Federal Street Church, Boston, x. 200. 

Feild, William, i. 4. 

Feild, Robert, viii. 219. 

Felloe, ^illiam, viii. 254. 

Felt, Rev. Joseph B., iii. 169, 405, 408 ; 
v. 292,297; vi. 300. His Annals of 

Salem and History of Ipswich compli- 
mented, vii. 25 ; viii. 243; ix. 187. 

Fen, Capt., x. 13. 

Fencing, teacher of, vii. 157. 

Fenn, Alderman, viii. 255. 

Fenn, Richard, ib. 

Fenner, Rebecca, viii. 272. 

Fennick, Elizabeth, viii. 270. 

Fen wick, [George], i. 24, 184; iii. 97, 137, 
139, 380 ; x. 175. 

Ferdinand and Isabella, extract from the 
History of, viii. 1. Furnish Columbus 
with vessels, 7. Lands granted to, by 
the Pope of Rome, ix. 201. 

Ferguson, Elizabeth, ii. 298. 

Ferguson, Mary, vi. 214. 

Ferine, Philip/ x. 138. 

Ferine, Dorcas, ib. 

Ferman, P., vii. 189. 

Ferrel, Capt. , vi. 276. 

Fessenden, Rev. Thomas, iii. 190. 

Fessenden, William, ib. 

Fessenden, Thomas G., ib. 

Fessenden, , ib. 

Field, Rev. David D., v. 292. 

Field, William, ix. 278. 

Fielder, Col., ii. 336. 

Fifield, John, ii. 297. 

Fifth monarchy a brief description of, viii. 
294 ; x. 2. 

Fillebrown, Thomas, ii. 63. 

Finch, , i. 298. 

Fines [Fiennes?], Lord, viii. 327, 330. 

Fire in London in 1666, x. 66. 

Fire in Boston, 1711, vii. 82. 

Firmin, Goodman, i. 236. 

Firmin, John, i. 245. 

Firmin, Giles, iv. 57 ; x. 168. 

Firmin, John, x. 141. 

Fish-carrier, Indian, v. 159. 

Fisher, Rev. Jabez P., ii. 315. 

Fisher, George, ii. 333. 

Fisher, Samuel, iv. 290. 

Fisher, Oliver, ib. 

Fisher, J. Francis, vi. 286, 297; vii. 26, 
222, 293. 

Fisher, Joshua, x. 159. 

Fisher, Anthony, ib. 

Fisher, , ib. 

Fisher, Mary, ib. 

Fisher, William, x. 171. 

Fisher's Island, vi. 268 ; x. 78. 

Fishermen killed at Cape Porpoise, vi. 
248. r 

Fishery on the coast of Cape Sables, i. 

Fishing, benefits of, vi. 109, 110. 

Fisk, David, iii. 382. 

Fisk, David, iv. 291. 

Fisk, Edward, ib. 

Fisk, John, viii. 248. 

Fiske, William, i. 288. 

Fiske, Moses, i. 290. 

Fiske, Thomas, iv. 291. 

Fiske, , vii. 298. 

General Index. 


Fiske Family, \. l.">0. 

Fiske, Nicholas, ib. 

Fiske, Richard, ib. 

Fiske, Sibil, or Isabella, ib. 

Fiske, Robert, \. l">0, 167. 

Fiske, William, to. 

Fiske, William, x. 157, 156. 

Fiske, Joseph, x. l">7. 

Fiske, Jeffery, x. 157, 158. 

Fiske, Thomas, x. 167. 

Fiske, Eleazar, ib. 

Fiske, Anne, to. 

Fiske, John, to. 

Fiske, Nathaniel, ti 

l'iskf, Eunice, to. 

Fiske, Hannah, ib. 

Fiske, Esther, to. 

Fiske, Sarah, //>. 

Fi>ke, Moses, ib. 

Fiske, John, ib. 

Fiske, Samuel, x. 158. 

l'iskf, Joseph, ib. 

Fiske, Benjamin, ib. 

Fiske, -Martha, ib. 

Fiske, .Nathaniel, ib. 

Fiske, Nathan, ib. 

Fiske, David, ib. 

Fiske, Sarah, x. 158, 159. 

Fiske, James, x. 158. 

1'iske, Phineas, to. 

Fiske, Anne, x. 159. 

Fiske, Martha, to 

1 iske, Edmund, ib. 

l'iskf, Cornelius, x. 160. 

Fiske, Amos, to. 

Fitch, Rev. Dr. Ebenezer. i. 2HS. 

Fitch, Rev. Jabez, ii. 312 ; v. 182. 

Fitch, Benjamin, iv. 2'.'i). 

Fitch, Gov. Thomas, v. 12. 

Fitch, Col., vii. 271. 

Fitch, James, viii. 269. 

Fitch, Abigail, viii. 269; x. 130. 

Fitch, Jo., viii. 270. 

Fitch, Rev. , x. 60. 

Fitch, , x. 171. 

Fitche, Richard, viii. 246. 

Fitz Walter, , viii. 310. 

Five Nations of Indians, v. 51, 52, 65. 
Ancient friendship with confirmed, vi. 
260; vii. 23 1,2:;-. 

Flagg, Rev. Ebenezer, ii. 302. 

Flagg, Lieut., vi. 210, 224. 

Flanders, David, i. 157. 

Flavio, of Naples, inventor of the mari- 
ner's compass, iii. 368. 

Fleet, Capt., x. 106, 107. 

Fleet, English, at (Quebec, i. 111. 

Fleetwood, General, i. 1!'."), 197 ; ii. 351. 

Fleming, Rev. Robert, v. 199, 200; ix. 

Fleming, Abram, viii. 201 . 

Fletclu r, Rev. Elijah, of HopkintOB, i. 
1 53. 

Fletcher, Timothy, ib. 

Fletcher, Lieut., vi. 243. 


-, ii.5. Hist Eecles. cited, 7, 
14,16, 50, 79. 

Flint, Rev. Jleiirv, of 1 Jrain tree, i. 50 ; iii. 

'.»:!, 394; vui 249. 

Flint, Rev. Jacob, his 1 1 i-ti >r\ ami De- 
scription ofCohasset, ii. 84. Settled in 
the ministry there, 98. 

Flint, J. B., ii. 99. 

Flint, Ensign, iii. 177. 

Flint, Rev. , iii. 

Flint, Rev. Timothy, iii. 408. 

Flint, Rev. Thomas, of Concord, iv. 41, 
62. Fetter of Rei . Peter BulkJej in 
behalf of his widow, i. 17. 

Florida, id. 100. The whole const of, grant- 
ed to the Fail of Clarendon and others, 

i. 55. Admiral Coligny sends French 
Protestants to settle there, ii. 7. vi. 104. 

Taken possession of by Columbus, iii. 
360, 361 ; by John de Ponce, 362. 

French expedition into, 363. Com- 
modities of, viii. 114, 116. Mines, 121. 

Floyd, Richard, iv. 192. 

Floyd, Capt- vi. 217, 218, 224, 223. 

Fludd, Dr., Works of, ix. 255. 

Fluellen, Capt., ix. 206. 

Fogg, Rev. Jeremiah, ii. 311. 

I oissin, 

ix. 251. 
ii. 57. 

Fokar, John, viii. 261. 

Folsom, Thomas, iii. 405. 

Folsom, George, vi. 299. His letter, vii. 

Fones, Capt. John, vii. 182, 183. 
Fones, or Jones, Martha, viii. 297 ; x. 133. 

Fones, , ix. 227. 

Foot, Capt., vi. 224. 

Foot, , ix. 281. 

Foote, C, iv. 290. 

Foote, Samuel, ib. 

Forbes, General, vi. 149. 

Force, Peter, vi. 297; vii. 205. 

Forces in New England in 1688, i. 85. 

Ford, Capt. Jos., v. 156. 

Ford, Barbara, viii. 260. 

Fordham, Rev. Mr., of Sudbury, iii. 93. 

Forefathers' Song, composed about the 

year 1630, vii. 29. 
Forsyth, J., Secretary of State, vii. 293. 
Fort Bruington, v. 121. 
Fort Duquesne, v. 8. 
Fort George, New York, v. 19. 
Fort Ilarmar, treaty at, v. 146, 164. 
Fort Herkimer, v. 118. 
Fort Hunter, v. 117. 
Fort Ligonier, vi. 140. 
Fort Schuyler, v. 112. New, 119. 
Fort Stanwix, now Fort Schuyler, v. 112, 

Fort William Henry, at Pemaquid. vi. 

Fort taken by the English in Philip's war, 

vi. 182. 
Fortcn, Jo., viii. 272; x 130. 
Fortifications, ancient, ruins of, v. 150. 


General Index, 

Forts taken from the French, vii. 122. 

Fosseker, Jo., ix. 293. 

Fossie, Daniel, viii. 307. 

Foster, Andrew, i. 125. 

Foster, Moses, i. 157. 

Foster, Isaac, i. 256. 

Foster, Hon. Theodore, i. 290. 

Foster, Rev. Abiel, ii. 322. 

Foster, John S., ii. 368. 

Foster, Robert, iii. 232. 

Foster, Mrs., iii. 405. 

Foster, John, of Portsmouth, iv. 292. 

Foster, John, vii. 64, 68, 158. 

Foster, Rev. Dr. John, of Brighton, vii. 

Foster, Patience, viii. 261. 

Foster, Hopestill, viii. 261 ; x. 131. 

Foster, Christopher, viii. 266. 

Foster, Francis, ib. 

Foster, Rebecca, ib. 

Foster, Nathaniel, ib. 

Foster, John, ib. 

Foster, John, viii. 295. 

Fothergill, Dr. Anthony, i. 290. 

Foulfoot, Thomas, viii. 252. 

Fountaine, Edward, viii. 267. 

Foure, Dr., ix. 34. 

Fowle, Rev. John, of Cohasset, ii. 92. 

Fowle, Thomas, ii. 117, 119, 133. 

Fowle, John, iv. 289. 

Fowle, Capt., vi. 261. 

Fowle, Ann, viii. 259. 

Fowler, Thomas, iv. 290. 

Fowler, , vi. 219. 

Fowls, Capt. Zach., v. 190. 

Fowls, Capt. Isa., ib. 

Fox, William, ii. 60. 

Fox, George, ii. 341. 

Fox, John, viii. 266. 

Fox, Richard, ib. 

Foxcroft, Francis, i. 84 ; vii. 195. 

Foxcroft, George, iii. 326. 

Foxcroft, Rev. [Thomas], v. 223. 

Fox Point attacked by Indians, vi.217. 

Foxwell, , iii. 228. 

Foxwell, Richard, ix. 262. 

France, Geographical Society of, i. 299. 

France. See National, ii. 42. 

Francis I., i. 232. Learning and the Ref- 
ormation revive in France in his reign, 
ii. 2. 

Francis, Dr. John W., i. 290. 

Francis, Henry M., i. 295. 

Francis, Rev. Dr. Convers, iii. 406, 408; 
v. 297; vi. 294, 298. His Memoir of 
Gamaliel Bradford, M.D., ix. 75. Me- 
moir of Hon. John Davis, LL. D., x. 
Francis, Indian captain, ix. 91. 
Francis, Joseph, Indian lieutenant-govern- 
or, ix. 94, 95. 
Francis, Solomon, Indian, ix.96, 98. 
" Francis Joseph," Indian governor, ix. 

" Francis Pe-neis," Indian captain, ix.99. 

Francis Turbot, v. 75-92. 
Francklyn, Elizabeth, her epitaph, viii. 

Francklyn, Lemuel, ib. 

Fran<jois, John, Indian governor, ix. 96. 

Frankland, Thomas, vii. 70. 

Franklin, Josiah, ii. 53. 

Franklin, A. F., ib. 

Franklin, Dr. Benjamin, ii. 53. Plan of 
union drawn up by, in 1754, v. 5, 6, 7, 
14, 70. Medals of, vi. 289. Letters of, 
in the British Museum, viii. 278, 316 ; 
ix. 6, 9. 

Franklin's Works, Sparks's edition, re- 
ferred to, viii. 278. 

Franklin, town of, in Pennsylvania, v. 
103, 105. 

Frary, Theophilus, iv. 289. 

Frary, Ebenezer, iv. 291. 

Fraser, Charles, iii. 408. 

Frazier, John, v. 102, 107. 

Frederick William, Elector of " Brande- 
bourg," ii. 47. 

Freebourne, William, x. 143, 144. 

Freebourne, Mary, x. 143. 

Freebourne, Mary, x. 144. 

Freebourne, Sarah, ib. 

Freeman, Rev. Dr. James, i. 288, 292, 
293, 294 ; ii. 259, 262 ; iii. 205 ; v. 254 ; 
vi. 154; vii. 9, 17, 23; ix. 170, 171. 
Memoir of, v. 255. 

Freeman, Nathaniel, i. 288; vii. 17. 

Freeman, Constant, i. 290. 

Freeman, Joseph, iv. 291. 

Freeman, Capt., v. 190, 191. 

Freeman, Lois, v. 256. 

Freeman, Constant, ib. 

Freeman, Samuel, ib. 

Freeman, Edmund, vii. 286. 

Freeman, John, viii. 266. 

Freeman, Marie, ib. 

Freeman, Sycillie, ib. 

Freeman, Thomas, ib. 

Freeman, Edmund, ib. 

Freeman, Edward, viii. 267. 

Freeman, Elizabeth, ib. 

Freeman, Alice, ib. 

Freeman, Edmond, viii. 268. 

Freeman, John, ib. 

Freeman, Anthony, viii. 272. 

Freeman, , viii. 309. 

Freemen, iii. 82, 83. Admitted by the 
General Court, viii. 202. 

Freetown, ii. 70. 

French, Rev. Jonathan, ii. 316. 

French, William, iv. 193. 

French, Elizabeth, viii. 268. 

French, Marie, ib. 

French, Francis, ib. 

French, Jo., ib. 

French, William, ib. 

French, to be aided by the English, i. 61. 
Settlements in Maine, 82. And In- 
dians take Pemaquid Fort, 85. Fight 
for James II , 105. Design to have pos- 

General Index, 


session of New England, l" s . Soldiers 
and monej Mnl bj the King of France 
to Quebec, 109. Design to extend their 
limits to Kennebec River, L35. Have 
no claim beyond the Rivet 8t, George, 
136. Possessions on Canada Kiwi Be- 
long to Great Britain, 231 -234. Settle 

in Canada, 838. Subdued by Sir Wil- 
liam Alexander, ib. Expelled by the 

English from both sides OI Canada Ki\- 

* er, ib. Forts, bv treaty, delivered op to 
them bv the English, ib. Plunder and 
make prisoners of English settlers, forte 
taken by Sedgwick under a commission 

from Cromwell, make alliances with 
Indian nations, 233. lntermarr\ with 
the natives, excite Indians to commit 
cruelties upon the English, ib. And 
Indians assault a town in Massachusetts, 
234. Plantation, iii. 100. King sends 
soldiers to Canada, 392. Preacher at 
Cape Cod, iv. 43. War, v. 5, 51, to. 
Send armies to Ohio, 46, 51 . At Ken- 
nebec River, 49. Have liberty to trade 
with Indians, li">. Aggressions in Amer- 
ica, 64 - 67. Ships visit New Fnjj- 
land, vi. 104. Fleet, fears of invasion 
bv, 242. And Indian shallop east away, 
254. Store-ship taken, ib. Take Block 
Island, 263. Mohawks kill several per- 
sons at Exeter, 278. Protestants in 
Narraganset, vii. 182. Forces to be 
raised against, x. 63. 

French Protestants who settled at Oxford, 
Massachusetts, A. D. 16ri6, memoir of, 
with a sketch of the entire history of the 
Protestants of France, by A. Holmes, 
D. D., ii. 1. 

French River, ii 75. 

French and Indians, Niles's Summary His- 
torical Narrative of, from 1634 to 1760, 
vi. 154. 

Frey, John, x. 144. 

Frisk. See Fisk. 

Frobisher, Sir Martin, iii. 52, 368. 

Frobisher, . x. 161. 

Froiden, Franc, viii. 274. 

Frontenac, , letter of, in relation to 

Monsieur Chamble, Governor of Aca- 
dia, a prisoner at Boston, i. 64. Gov- 
ernor of Canada, 105, 106. Complains 
of the Governor of New York, 106; vi. 

Frontenac, now Kingston, v. 173. 

Frontenac Fort, account of expedition to, 
viii. 2-n. 

Frost, Hon. John, ii. 303. 

Frost, , in. - 

Frost, Major Charles, killed, vi. 242. 

Frost, John, vii. 50. 

Frothingham, Samuel, i. 27:), 275, 278. 

Frothingham, Capt., v. 190. 

Frothingham, Rev. Nathaniel L., v. 270 ; 
ix. 304. 

Frothingham, Richard, Jr., \. 236. 

Fruit trees, diseased, how cured, iii. 338. 
Fry, John, ii. 337. 
Fry, Capt., vi. 134. 
Fry, John, viii. 303. 
Fuller, Thomas, i. -15. 

Fuller, John, i. 275. 

Fuller, Thomas, iv. 290. 

Fuller, Capt., vi. 179. 
Fuller, Mane, \ ni. 255. 

Fuller, William, viii. 262. 

Fuller, Jo., ib. 

Furnell, ix. 272. See Tucnell. 


Gage, Rev. Nathaniel, iii. 186. 

Gage, Thomas, author of account of Cen- 
tral America, vi. 280. 

Gage, General, vii. 89; viii. 346. 

Gage, , x. 171. 

Gaillard, , ii. 57. 

Gains, John, ii. 276. 

Gale, Edward, vii. 178. 

Gale of 1815, ii. 34. 

Gales. See Gates. 

Galeucia, Daniel, vi. 277. 

Galindo, Col. Juan, v. 300. His letter to 
Hon. Thomas L. Winthrop, giving ac- 
count of Thomas Gage, vi. 2d0. 

Gallatin, Hon. Albert, iii. 408; x. 217. 

Gallop, Capt., v. 190. 

Gallop, John, vi. 4. 

Gallop, Capt., vi. 181. Killed, 182. 

Gallop, John, vii. 253. 

Gall way, Le Comte de, ii. 65. 

Gamstole, , ii. 26. 

Gannett, Caleb, i. 288. 

Gannett, , vi. 299. 

Gannett, Rev. Dr., Sermon on the Death 
of Judge Davis quoted, x. 195, 196. 

Gante, Peter, ii. 68. 

Card, VVill[iam], x. 70. 

Gardener, or Gardiner, Thomas, viii. 

Gardiner, Sir Christopher, iii. 378; viii. 
i 320, 321, 323 ; ix. 120, 253, 254. 

Gardiner, or Gardener, Lion, his Relation 
of the Pequot Wars, iii. 131 ; vi. 159. 
Biographical Sketch of, by Alexander 
Gardiner, x. 173; viii. 271. Accountof, 
in Vol. III., incorrect, x. 173. 

Gardiner, Capt., v. 190. 
j Gardiner, W. IF, v. 298. 

Gardiner, Col., Life of, quoted, vii. 272. 

Gardiner, Richard, vii. 300. 

(iardiner, , ix. 292. 

Gardiner, Alexander, x. 173. 

Gardiner, David, x. 177, 183. 

Gardiner, Marv, x. 179. 

Gardiner, Elizabeth, ib. 

Gardiner family, viii. 310. 

Gardner, Samuel P., i. 288, 298; v. 296 ; 
ix. 170; x. 225. 

Gardner, Andrew, iv. 290. 


General Index* 

Gardner, Capt., vi. 181. Killed, 182. 

Gardner, Capt., vi. 209. 

Gardner, Rev. , of Lancaster, ac- 
cidentally killed, vi. 261. 

Gardner, Hannah, vii. 205. 

Gardner, Capt. Samuel, vii. 220. 

Gardner, Peter, viii. 261. 

Gardner, Edward, viii. 270. 

Gardner, Lyon, viii. 271. 

Gardner, Mary, ib. 

Garfield, Benjamin, iv. 291. 

Garlick, Goody, accused of witchcraft, x. 

Garnett, Judeth, x. 143. 

Garret, Harmon, x. 68. 

Garrett, , ii. 53. 

Garrison, William Lloyd, iii. 407. 

Garrod, , viii. 309. 

Garrott, Hermon, an Indian, i. 221. 

Gates, Sir Thomas, iii. 51, 372 ; vi. 53, 54. 

Gatsell, Walter, viii. 266. 

Gay, Rev. Ebenezer, of Hingham, ii. 87, 
92, 317. 

Gay, Rev. , ii. 92. 

Gay, Sarah, ii. 296. 

Gedney, Bartholomew, i. 126; vi. 240; 
vii. 158-160; x. 120. 

Gee, John, viii. 274, 275. 

Geere, Dennis, viii. 264. 

Geere, Elizabeth, ib. 

Geere, Sara, ib. 

Gegg, Thomas, v. 170. 

Gendal, or Gindel, Capt., killed by In- 
dians, vi. 203. 

Gendall, Walter, vii. 158. 

Gendron, , ii. 57. 

Genealogical Notices of early settlers of 
New England from Suffolk, England, x. 

General Court of Massachusetts, ii. 140, 
366 ; iii. 83, 330. Held four times a 
year, its powers defined, viii. 200 
202. Deputies to, 201. Meeting of, 
202. Extracts from records of, relating 
to early laws, 201, 332. Lay a duty on 
goods and provisions, x. 78. Records 
of Plymouth Colony copied by order 
of, v. 254. 

Geneva. Missionaries sent from, to Brazil 
ii. 7. 

Gennor, Rev. , of Weymouth, iii 


George, Indian, admonished, iv. 55. 

George II., v. 231. 

George III. and his counsellors, v. 86- 
90. Library of, viii. 278. 

George IV., viii. 278. 

Gerish, Mrs. Sarah, taken by Indians, vi. 

Gerish, John, ib. 

Germaine, , ii. 77, 78, 79. 

German Flats, meeting of Commissioners 
and Indian Sachems at, in 1775, v. 75. 

Gerrish, Col. Joseph, ii. 276. 

Gerrish, Rev. Joseph, iii. 180. 

Gertrude-Maria, a Danish ship wrecked at 
Cohasset, ii. 104. 

Gibbens, James, viii. 259. 

Gibbes, , viii. 302. 

Gibbins, Capt., iii. 373. 

Gibbons, Lieut. [Edward], iii. 137. Ma- 
jor, 150. Serjeant-Major, 330. Major- 

General, 386, 387, 388 


Gibbs, John, i. 199, 201. 

Gibbs, William, vii. 293; viii. 4. 

Gibbs, Capt. Jo., viii. 272. 

Gibbs, Robert, viii. 302. 

Gibbs, W., ib. 

Gibbs, John, ib. 

Gibbs, William, ib.. 

Gibbs, Anstice, ib. 

Gibbs, George, ib. 

Gibbs, Sir Vicary, viii. 302, 304. 

Gibbs, J., viii. 302. 

Gibbs, Thomas, viii. 304. 

Gibbs, Margaret, ib. 

Gibbs, Geo. A., ib. 

Gibbs family, account of, viii. 301, 302, 

Gibbs's Memoirs of the Administrations 
of Washington and John Adams quot- 
ed, x. 189. 

Gibson, Hugh, account of his captivity, 

Gibson, David, ib. 

Gibson, Israel, vi. 151. 

Gibson, Richard, viii. 248. 

Giddins, George, viii. 253, 254. 

Giddins, Jane, viii. 253; x. 128. 

Gidney, or Gedney, Col., vi. 240. See 

Gifford, , ix. 239. 

Gignilliat, , ii. 57. 

Gilbert, Rawley or Ralegh, iii. 51. Arrives 
in New England, vi. 54. President, 56. 

Gilbert, Sir Humphrey, iii. 313, 365, 366; 
vi. 49. 

Gilbert, Capt. Ralph, iii. 371. 

Gilbert, Sir John, dies, vi. 56. 

Gilbert, Capt. Bartholomew, accompanies 
Capt. Gosnold in his voyage to Amer- 
ica in 1602, viii. 83, 86. 

Gilbert, , x. 31. 

Gilbert's Point, viii. 75. 

Giiberte, Matthew, vii. 124. 

Gildas quoted, iv. 60. 

Gildinus, Nicolaas, ix. 67, 69. 

Gile, Ephraim, i. 156. 

Giles, Hannah, ii. 296. 

Giles, Capt., vi. 208. 

Giles, Lieut., vi. 256. 

Giles, Mark, vi. 259. 

Giles, Sir E., viii. 302. 

Gill, , Jr., i. 241. 

Gill, Capt., of Charlestown, vi. 260. 

Gillam, Capt., at Hadley, i. 70. 

Gillam, Ann, viii. 267. 

Gillam, Ben, ib. 

Gills, John, interpreter, vi. 246". 

Gilman, Rev. Nicolas, ii. 306. 

(I cue red Index. 


Gilman, Nicholas, ii. 906. 

Gilman, Elizabeth, ii. 896. 

Gilman, Andrew, i\. B8, 89. 

Qilson, Dr., Bishop of London, r. 989. 

Gilston [<>r Gelston], Ann, \ Lii. 960, 

Girardeau, , ii. .">7. 

Girtie, Simon, v. I I*.'. 

Gist, Lieut. -Col. Christopher, Ins Journal 
of a Visit, with Major George Washing- 
ton, to the French Commander on the 
Ohio, in i;."):;, v. 101. 

Gladwell. Aymes, \ lii. 961 ■ 

Gleason, Thomas, ii. 7 I, 75. 

Glover, John, i. 30, 37. 

Glover, Anne, ii. 295. 

( ilo\ sr, .Mrs., \. 9, l*-. 

Glover, Henry, x. 111. 

Gloucester, iii. 323,376; iv. 290. Alarm 

at, vi.231. Church, iii. 383. 
Glyn, Lord Chief Justice, ii. 347, '34$. 
Goad, Dr., i. 341. 
Goad, Tho., viii. 269. 
Goad, Benjamin, x. 98. 
Goadby, John, viii. 254. 
Gears, Richard, viii. 263; x. 131. 
Goddard, Rev. Edward, ii. 318. 
Goddard, Thomas, viii. 319. 
Godfrey, Capt., vi. 268, 269, 275. 
Godfrey, Tho., viii. 275. 
Godin, , ii. 57. 

Goffe, Col. William, i. 51, 52. Letter to, 
from bis wife, 60. Ami Whalley, papers 
relating to, \ ii. 123, 303; viii. 325, ;;31 ; 
ix. 122; x. 3D. 

Goffe, Thomas, patentee, iii. 326. Dep- 
uty-Governor, 327. 

Gone, Elizabeth, viii. 270. 

Gold, Jan ice, viii. 255. 

( Jold, Ld\\ ard, viii, 256. 

Gold, , ix. 286. 

Gold, Mary, letter to J. Winthrop, Jr., 
\. 72. 

Gold, Thomas, dies, x. 97. 

Gold, Elizabeth, x. 164, 166. 

Gold, silver, and copper mines in North 

Florida and inland main of Virginia, 

viii. 121 -123. 
Gold and silver ore in Rhode Island, ix. 

Golding, William, minister, ii. 130, 133. 
Goldsmith, Thomas, \ B8. 
Gomez, Stephen, iii- 362. 
Good, Thomas, \. 1 15. 
Goodale, Robert, x. 141, I 1-3. 
Goodale, Katherin, x. 141. 
Goodale, Mary, x. I 12. 
Goodale, Abraham, ib. 
Goodale, Isaac, ib. 
Goodhew, Jane, viii 270. 
Goodhue, Jonathan, i. 290. 
Goodhue, William, Jr., iv. 291 , 
Goodhue, Nico, viii. 270. 

Goodier, , iii. 164. 

(ioodier, Hugo, ix. 66, 67, 63. 

Goodlad, , iii. 217. 

VOL. X. 3S 

"Good Newei firom New England," a 

rare Irai I in the British Milium, \ in 

Good ridge, Rev . Sewall, iii. 184 
Goodridge, , and bis wife killed by 

Lillians, vi. 227. 

Goodridge, Isabel], x. 138. 
Goods sent from England, i\. 261, 265, 

< roodwin, Thomas, i. '3'.\. 

Goodwin, Rev. Ezra B., i. 288; t 189. 

Goodwin, John, ii. 1 12. 

Goodwin, Thomas, iv. 30, '35, 154, 15!). 

Goodwin, Nathaniel, iv. 2'.>o. 

Goodwin, Rev. Ezra S., Memoir of, v. 2-2. 

Goodwin, Rev. Hersey IV, v. 2-:!. 

Goodwin, Mehitable, taken by the In- 
dians, vi.212. Her eh. Id killed, 213. 

Goodwin, Dr., x. 42. 

Goodwin, Rev. Mr., of Sandwich, \. !!»!>. 

Goodyeare, , ix. 276. 

Goodyeare*, , x. 15. 

Gookin, Daniel, i. 45,63; ii. 314 ; iv. 193 ; 
vii. 7, 22, 246. His Historical Collec- 
tions quoted, ii. 59. 

Gookin, , of Cambridge, i. 63. 

Gookin, Rev. Nathaniel, ii. 316. 

Gorden, Edmond, viii. 259. 

Gore, Hon. Christopher, i. 288, 202; v. 
262; vii. 21 ; ix. 170; x. 190. Memoir 
of, iii. 191. 

Gore, John, iii. 205. 

Gorge, or Gorges, Robert, grant from the 
Council of Plymouth, iii. 343. Begins 
a plantation of the Massachusetts Ray, 
iii. 375. Settles at Weymouth, vi. 74. 
His charter from the Council of New 
England, 75, 80. Governor of New 
England, viii. 161. 

Gorges, Sir Ferdinando, iii. 09, 312, 313, 
374, 375,391; vi. 14, 132, 133; vii. 169; 
viii. 323, 341. His patent of the Prov- 
ince of Maine (in Hazard's Coll., Vol. 
I. p. 442), vi. 83. Form of government, 

Gorges, Capt. William, Governor of the 
Province of Maine, iii. 99, 343, 380; 
vi. 79 ; viii. 170. 

Gorges, Ferdinando, Esq., vi. 46, 79; viii. 

Gorges and Mason's right to the govern- 
ment of Maine confirmed, viii. 242. 
Gorgiana, iii. 344. 
Gorgs, or Gorges, Thomas, iii. 99. 
Gorham, Col. Shubael, ii. 27!>. 
Gorham, Cant., vi. 181. 
Gorham, Col., vi. 25."). 
Gorham, Rev. George C, viii. 313. 
Gorham family, viii. 312, 31)5. 
Gorram, John, viii. 312. 
Gorram, Ralph, viii. 312, 313. 
Gorram, James, viii. 312. 
Gorram, Joseph, ib. 
Gorram, Jabez, ib. 


General Index. 

Gorram, James, viii. 313. 

Gorsham, Rob., viii. 275. 

Gorton, Samuel, i. 1,3, 11. Bought land 
of the Indians, 215 ; ii. 135, 136 ; iii. 
96, 97, 382 ; ix. 28. His " Simplicities 
Defence " referred to, 28, 69. 

Gosline, Thomas, viii. 297. 

Gosling, , i. 242. 

Gosling, John, vi. 130. 

Gosmore, , iii. 156. 

Gosnold, Capt. Bartholomew, iii. 51, 312, 
370 ; vi. 105. Documents relating to 
his voyage to America, A. D. 1602, viii. 
69 - 123, 280. 

Gosnold's Hope, viii. 76. 

Gospel, its " Glorious Progress amongst 
the Indians in New England," iv. 69- 
98. " A Farther Discovery of the Pres- 
ent State of the Indians in New Eng- 
land concerning the Progress of the 
Gospel amongst them," 100-147. 

Gosport, one of the Isles of Shoals, church 
and ministers, ii. 312; iv. 293. 

Gosslyn, — , ix. 239. 

Gostlin, , ix. 237, 239, 249. 

Gostlin, , x. 70. 

Gostling, W. F., viii. 246. 

Gott, Mr., i. 179. Deacon Charles, letter 
from Rev. Hugh Peter, i. 179, 180. 

Goudgier, Hugo, ix. 66, 67. 

Gouge, Dr., i. 237. 

Gouge, William, iv. 159. 

Gouge, James, vi. 228. 

Gould, B. A., i. 297. 

Gould, John, iv..290. 

Gould, Lieut. John, charged with treason, 
vii. 150. 

Gould, Jo., viii. 265. 

Gould, Grace, ib. 

Gouldson, Henry, x. 141, 142. 

Gouldson, Anne, x. 141. 

Gouldson, Mary, x. 142. 

Goun, Jasper, viii. 270. 

Goun, Ann, ib. 

Gourden, , vi. 256. 

Gourdine, , ii. 57. 

Government, Mr. Eliot's form of, for the 
Indians, iv. 131, 271. 

Governor, appointment of by the king in- 
consistent with charters of New Eng- 
land, i. 120. 

Governor, Deputy-Governor, and Assist- 
ants, how chosen, viii. 200. 

Governor's Island, iii. 232. 

Gov-leet, Newell, Indian, ix. 95. 

Gowan, Thomas, ix. 66. 

Grafton, Thomas, i. 88. 

Grafton, Duke of, i. 148. 

Grafton, second Indian church there, ii. 

Grahame, James, iii. 408. Memoir of, 
ix. 1. His History of the United States 
quoted, 28, 30, 31. 

Grahame, Judge Thomas, ix. 2. 

Grahame, Robert, ix. 2, 3. 

Grahame, Thomas, ix. 39, 40. 

Grammar rules " esteemed a Tyrannie," 
x. 4. 

Grand Patent of New England surren- 
dered, vi. 82, 83. 

Grant, Capt., taken by the Indians, vi. 

Grant, , ix. 246. 

Grant to Robert Gorges, iii. 343. To Sir 
Ferdinando Gorges, 343. Of James I. 
in 1606, v. 64. To Lieut.-Col. Norton 
and Ferdinando Gorges, vi. 79. Of 
Narraganset Townships by the Gener- 
al Court, ii. 273, &c. To Capt. John 
Allen, vii. 120. To Kellond and 
Kirke, 126. From the Pope of Rome 
to Ferdinand and Isabella, ix. 201. 
From Charles I. to the Earl of War- 
wick, 204. From the Council of Ply- 
mouth to the Marquis of Hamilton, 
204. Of Canonicus and Miantonomy 
to Roger Williams, 210. To William 
Coddington, 210. 

Grant's Tavern, v. 174. 

Grants and deeds of Narraganset land re- 
corded at Hartford, i. 218. 

Grave, Joan, viii. 272. 

Grave, Mary, ib. 

Graves, , i. 21. 

Graves, , vii. 297. 

Graves, Richard, viii. 266. 

Graves, , ix. 263, 265, 266, 267. 

Gray, William, i. 273. 

Gray, Horace, i. 274. 

Gray, Hon. Francis C, i. 288, 293, 294 ; 
vi. 298; vii. 287; viii. 70, 160. His 
remarks on the early laws of Massa- 
chusetts, with the Body of Liberties 
adopted in 1641, viii. 191 ; x. 235. 

Gray, John, vi. 295. 

Gray, Hon. John C, viii. 4. 

" Great Sky," Indian, v. 159. 

Greaves, Tho., i. 252, 262, 264. 

Greely, Abigail, i. 156. 

Green, John, i. 2. 

Green, Major John, of Warwick, i. 222, 

Green, Nathaniel, ii. 296. 

Green, Isaiah L., ii. 367. 

Green, John, iii. 147. 

Green, John, iv. 290. 

Green, Henry, ib. 

Green, Bartholomew, vii. 66, 83, 84. 

Green, , Marshal, vii. 152. 

Green, Henry, viii. 247. 

Greene, Capt., i. 223, 224. 

Greene, Jacob, i. 255, 258, 259. 

Greene, Gardiner, i. 273, 278. 

Greene, Gov. William, v. 13. 

Greene, John, vii. 165. 

Greene, Edward, viii. 246. 

Greene, Thomas, viii. 254. 

Greene, Percival, viii. 260 

Greene, Ellin, ib. 

Greene, John, viii. 320. 

General Index. 



a. 346. 

< Ireene, John, i. L43. 

Greene, Darcas, x. L44. 

Greenbill, William, iv. 90,35, L54, 169. 

Green Islands, vi. 856. 

Greenland discovered, iii. 361. English* 

men winter there, i\. 838. 

Greenland, New Hampshire, church and 

ministers, ii. 303; iii. 187 ; iv. 293. 
Greenleaf, Stephen, iv. 289. 
Greenleaf, Capt., vi. 217,228, 238. 
Greenleaf, Bon. Simon, vii. 294, 295 ; 

viii. 4. 
Greenway, Ursula, viii. 258. 
Greenwich, alias Deptfbrd, \ii. L82. 
Greenwood, Rev. V. W. P., iii. 408 ; vi. 

296; x. 225. His Memoir of Rev. James 
Freeman, D. 1)., v. 255. History of 

King's Chapel referred to, 263, 268. 

Greenwood, , v. 215. 

Greggj Col. William, ii. 297. 

Gregoire, Abbe, ix. 36. 

Gregory A III., Pope of Rome, appoints a 

jubilee for the massacre of the Protes- 
tants on St. Bartholomew's day, ii. 13, 

Gregson, Thomas, ix. 190. 
Grenville, Sir Richard, iii. 51, 306, 367; 

vi. 49. 
Grenville, J., v. 22. 

Gresson, , vi. 216. 

Grey, John, iii. 93. 
Grey, Henry, ib. 
Gridley, Capt., v. 190. 
Griffin, Widow, i. 156. 
Gritlin, Owen, viii. 141. 

Griffith, , iii. 406. 

Griffith, George, iv. 154, 159. 

Griffith, Josua, viii. 267. 

Griggs, George, viii. 253. 

Griggs, Tho., ib. 

Griggs, \V illiam, ib. 

Griggs, Eliz., ib. 

Griggs, Mary, ib. 

Griggs, James, ib. 

Griggs, Alyce, ib. 

Grignon, Rene, ii. 60. 

Grindal, Bishop, viii. 111. 

Griswell, Lieut., x. 67. 

Groome, George, x. 168. 

Grotius, Hugo, ix. 47, 59. 

Groton, iv. 135, 290; vi. 241, 259, 277; x. 

172. Nearly destroyed by Indians, vi. 

183. Attacked by French and Indians, 


Grove, , vi. 149. 

Grover, Edmund, vii. 253. 

Grover, John, ib. 

Grover, Samuel, viii. 273. 

Guacanari, a principal chief of Hispani- 

ola, viii. 26, 27, 29, 32. 
Guadaloupe, island of, vi. 281. 
Guadimel, Lewis, ii. 4. 
Guatemala, vi. 281. 
Guerard, , ii. -"7 

Guerin, , it -">7. 

Guild, Benjamin, ii. 367. 
Guinea discovered, iii. 359. 
Guionneau, Henry, ii 66. 
Guise, Duke of, ii. (>, :>, L0. 
Gunning. Rev. Dr., ii '■'< in. 
Gunter, l-ester, viii. 272. 
Gurdon, ftfariel, viii. '314. 
Gurdon, Brampton, viii. 314 ; i. 131 
Gurdon, Amia, viii. 315 ; x. L51 . 

Gurdon, , ix. 239. 

Gurnal, x. 171. 

Gurnall, Rev. William, x. 155. 
Gurney, Rev. David, v. 282. 
Gustavus, King of Sweden, x. 40 
Guzman, Perezius, iii. 368. 

Guy, missionary, ii. 70. 
Gybbe, see Gibbs. 


Hackwell, Jo., viii. 261. 

Hackwell, Capt. Richard, viii. 262. 

Hackwell, Capt. H., viii. 264, 265. 

Hackwell, Capt. Robert, viii. 266, 267. 

Hadborne, George, viii. 265. 

Hadborne, Anne, ib. 

Hadborne, Rebecca, ib. 

Hadborne, Anna, ib. 

Hadley, i. 68, 69, 70; iv. 291. 

Haffell, Richard, viii. 257; x. 128. 

Haffell, Martha, ib. 

IlaH'ell, Marie, ib. 

Haffell, Sara, ib. 

Haffell, Rachel, ib. 

Haffell, Ruth, ib. 

Hagbourn, Samuel, ii. 74, 75. 

Haieward, James, viii. 253. 

Haieward, Samuel, viii. 257. 

Haile, Sarah, viii. 273. 

Haines, , i. 221. 

Hakluyt, Richard, ii. 7; iii. 45; vi.49; 
viii. 104. 

Hale, David, i. 158. 

Hale, Hon. Nathan, i. 288, 293, 296; vii. 7. 

Hale, Rev. John, first minister of Bever- 
ly, iii. 179, 180. Memoir of, vii. 255 

Hale, Robert, vii. 258. 

Hale, Rcbekah, vii. 258. 

Hale, John, vii. 259. 

Hale, Samuel, ib. 

Hale, James, iff. 

Hale, Joanna, ib. 

Hale, Robert, vii. 268. 

Hale, Sir Matthew, ix. 182. 

Haley, Sergeant, killed, vi. 238. 

Half-King, friend to the Americans, v. 
103, 104. 

Half-King, the, of the Wyandpts, v. 145. 

Halford, Thomas, viii. 252. 

Haliburton, Thomas C, iii. 408. 

Halifax, Earl of, v. 22. His letter respect- 
ing the post-office in 1764, vii. 87. 

Hall, Dorothy, i. 156 


General Index. 

Hall, Rev. Thomas, i. 290. 
Hall, Eunice, ii. 295. 
Hall, Rev. Avery, ii. 313. 
Hall, Rev. Theophilus, ib. 
Hall, Rev. Aaron, ii. 315. 
Hall, Rev. Richard, ii. 321. 
Hall, James, iii. 371, 372. 
Hall, S., iii. 407. 
Hall, Stephen, iv. 291. 
Hall, John, vi. 130. 
Hall, Capt., vi. 210. 
Hall, Edward, vi. 278. 
Hall, E. B., vi. 298. 
Hall, Tho., vii. 246. 
Hall, Samuel, viii. 263. 
Hall, Samuel, viii. 276. 
Hall, Joan, ib. 
Hall, James, viii. 299. 
Hall, Basil, ix. 14. 

Hall, , x. 187. 

Hallet, Andrew, iii. 96. 
Halley, Dr., v. 186. 

Halley, , x. 108. 

Hallinck, John, viii. 266. 
Hallingworth. See Hollingworth. 
Hallock; G., i. 297. 
Hallowell, Capt., i. 149. 
Halsen, William, vii. 216. 
Halsey, Rev. Luther, vii. 26. 
Halsey, Jo., viii. 263. 
Halsey, Seargeant, x. 10. 
Halsey, Thomas, x. 88. 
Halsey, Thomas, Jr., ib. 
Ham, John, i. 87. 
Ham, Mary, i. 157. 
Ham, Elizabeth, ib. 

Ham, , viii. 309. 

Hamilton, James, v. 14. 

Hamilton, , v. 124. 

Hamilton, Andrew, Postmaster-General 

in 1694, vii. 51. 
Hamilton, , Gov. of Pennsylvania, 

vii. 223, 225, 239. 
Hamilton, Col., vii. 239. 
Hamilton, Sir William, ix. 12. 
Hamilton, Duke of, ix. 121. 
Hamilton, Marquis of, i. 241 ; vi. 83 ; ix. 

Hammon, Richard, vii. 181. 
Hammond, Capt. Lawrence, i. 252-263; 

ii. 60. 
Hammond, William, iii. 130, 157; x. 182. 

Hammond, , vi. 232. 

Hammond, Major, of Kittery, taken by 

Indians, vi. 238. 
Hamond, Elizabeth, x. 143, 144. 
Hamond, Sarah, x. 144. 
Hamond, John, ib. 
Hampden, John, ii. 350; viii. 245, 246; 

ix. 122, 204. 
Hampstead, church and ministers, ii. 302; 

iv. 293. 
Hampton, iii. 324. Village attacked by 

Indians, vi. 250. Church, iii. 382. 

And ministers, ii. 299; iii. 187; iv. 292. 

Hampton Falls, churches and ministers, 
ii. 301 ; iii. 187 ; iv. 293. 

Hanbury, Daniel, viii. 254. 

Hancock, John, ii. 54 ; iii. 193. 

Hancock, Rev. , ii. 92. 

Hancock, Torrey, iii. 407. 

Hancock, Nathaniel, v. 239. 

Hancock, T., x. 135. 

Hanford, Eglin, viii. 257 ; x. 128. 

Hanford, Margaret, viii. 257. 

Hanford, Elizabeth, ib. 

Harbert, John, i. 25. 

Harbert, John, viii. 266. 

Harbert, , x. 21. 

Harding, Capt., ii. 130 ; iv. 88. 

Harding, John, iv. 290. 

Harding, Chester, v. 292. 

Harding, Elizabeth, viii. 262. 

Hardres, Elizabeth, viii. 315. 

Hardres, Thomas, ib. 

Harford, Widow, ii. 295. 

Harford, George, x. 139. 

Harford, John, ib. 

Harford, William, ib. 

Harford, Jane, ib. 

Harford, Margaret, ib. 

Hariot, , iii. 51. 

Harlackenden, Roger, iii. 379, 384 ; viii. 
268, 314, 315. 

Harlackenden family, viii. 314, 315. 

Harlakenden, Eliza, viii. 268. 

Harlakenden, Mable, or Mabell, viii. 268, 

Harlakenden, William, viii. 314. 

Harlakenden, George, viii. 315. 

Harlakenden, Richard, ib. 

Harleian MSS., viii. 276. 

Harley, Capt. Henry, vi. 58. 

Harlow, Edward, iii. 51. 

Harman, Sir John, iii. 393. 

Harman, Augustine, vii. 246. 

Harman, Jo., viii. 271. 

Harman, Francis, ib. 

Harman, Sara, ib. 

Harman, Tho., viii. 275. 

Harnset, Samuel, Bishop of York, i. 237. 

Harreden, Capt., vi. 255. 

Harriman, John, vii. 246. 

Harrington, Earl of, ii. 271. 

Harrington, Rev. Timothy, ii. 317. 

Harrington, Sir James, ii. 356. 

Harris, William, i. 4. 

Harris, Thomas, ib. 

Harris, William, i. 223, 225. 

Harris, Charles, i. 275. 

Harris, Rev. Dr. Thaddeus M., i. 288, 
293,294; ii. 302, 366; iii. 406; vii. 8, 
9, 12, 17, 275. Acknowledgment of 
donations to Massachusetts Historical 
Society, 292. His Life of Oglethorpe 
mentioned, ix. 172. 

Harris, Rev. Dr. William, i. 290. 

Harris, Capt., vi. 275. 

Harris, John, viii. 252. 

Harris, Parnel, viii. 275. 

General la dew. 


Harris, Dr. William T., x.236. 
Harrison, Rfajor-General Thomas, i. 164; 

x. 2, 4v>. 

Harrison, , i. 241. 

Harrison, , v. L99. 

Harrison, William, viii. 269. 
Hart, Thomas, viii. iiGG. 
Hart, J<>., viii. 5270. 

I [ait, Alary, ib. 

Hartford settled, vi. 157. Church, iii. 

379; x. 60. 
Hartley, Robert, viii. 296. 
Hartlib, [Samuel], i. 38. 
Harvard, John, iii. 382 ; viii. 247, 249. 
Harvard, , viii. 302. 

Harvard, Thomas, X. L39. 

Harvard College, i. 62, 63, 65, 83, LOO, 
nil ; ii. 79, 118, 293; iii. 310, 321, 382, 
383, 389,391, 394, 406; i v . *J-> , v . 182, 

220, 254 ; vi. 30, 'J74 ; vii. 3; viii. 295, 
341; ix. 10, 31, 119-123; x. 14, 16,23, 
155, 163, 201. Benefactions to, i. G2. 

Harvey, Thomas, iv. 2)0. 

liana", An., viii. 254 ; x. 123. 

J [arvie, Richard, viii. 253. 

Harward, viii. 302. 

Harward, Thomas, x. 139. 

Harwood, George, iii. 326. 

Harwood, James, viii. 252. 

I iarw OOd, Thomas, x. 13 ( J. 

Harwood, Frances, ib. 

Haselrigg, [Sir Arthur], ii. 354, 356. 

Haseltine, Rev. Ebenezer, ii. 322. 

Haskell, Cant., iv. 290. 

Haskell, Elizabeth, vii. 256. 

Hassanamesitt, or Grafton, a town ol 

praying Indians, ii. 59. 
Hastings, Rev. Joseph S., ii. 316. 
I la-tings, Thomas, X. 141. 
1 [astings, Susan, ib. 
Hatch, Rev. Roger C, of Ilopkinton, i. 

Hatch, William, viii. 275. 
Hatch, Jane, ib. 
Hatcher, Henry, x. 133. His letter to 

the Dean of Salisbury, 134. 

Hatcher, , x. 134. 

Hatfield, soldiers there in Philip's war, i. 

70; it. 291; vi. 181, 187,241. Mead- 
ows, vi. 245. 
Hatherley, Timothy, i. 190; ii. 267; ix. 

249,250, 252,255,259. 
Hathorne, William, i. 30, 180. 
Hathorne, John, Justice of the Peace, i. 


Hathorne, , vii. 261. 

Hathorne, John, x. 120. 

Hathoway, Jo., viii. 271 , 

Ilatley, Richard, viii. 272. 

Haugn, Atherton, viii. 343. Mayor of 

Boston, Eng^ viii. 314. 
Hauksworth, Thomas, viii. 2~>2. 
Haulsey, Isaac, vii. 187. 
Haulton, William, x. 143. 
Hans, Robert, viii. '262. 

Haven, V \ Ir , i 290. 
Haven, Rev. Joseph, if. 313. 
Haven, , ii. 341. 

Haven, Y A., n. 366. 
Haven, B. F., vi. 300. 

lla\ en, ( ieorge, vii. 1 B3. 

Haverhill, iii. 324, 384 ; iv. 291 j v. I- 1, 
227, 244. 259; x. 168. Attacked by In- 
dians, vi -.'iii. 

HaversHeld, Dr., \. 16. 

Haward. Henry, x. I 14. 

I [awes, Richard, \ iii. 272. 

1 [awes, Ann, ib. 

llawes, Anna, ib. 

Hawes, Obadiah, ib. 

1 [awes, Edmund, viii! 320. 

llawes, John, x. 164, 166. 

Hawes, Elizabeth, x. 164. 
llawes, Elizabeth, x. 1GG. 
Hawkins, John, Indian sagamore, i. 112, 

Hawkins, Daniel, i. 158. 
Hawkins, 8ir John, iii. 363, 368, 369. 
Hawkins, Sir Richard, iii. 37;}; vi. (jl 

Hawkins, , vii. 103. 

Hawkins, Job, viii. 257. 

Hawkins, Marie, viii. 258. 

I lawkins, Robert, ib. 

Hawkins, Richard, viii. 259. 

Haw ley, Gideon, his letter to Lieut.-Gov. 

Hutchinson, i. 150. 
Hawley, Joseph, iv. 291. 
Hawley, Major Joseph, v. 75. 
Hawtherne, Capt , x. 33. 
Hawthorn, Capt., vi. 202. 
Hawthorn, Lieut. -Col., vi. 237, 240. 
Hawthorne, Capt. William, vii. 102, 10G, 

Hawthorne, William, viii. 205, 208. 
Hayes, John, vii. 287. 
Haves, Edm., viii. 'J? 4, 275. 

lla'vler, , vii. 219. 

Hay man, or Ilcman, , i. 252-259. 

Haynes, John, Gov., i. 170, 17G, 2'A 1 ; iii. 

138,153, 154, 155, 378, 379; vhi. 204, 

268, 315 ; ix. 199. His letter to Gov. 

Winthrop, i. 229. 
Haynes, John, iv. 291. 
Haynes, Richard, vii. 253. See Heynes. 
Hay-seed, observations upon sowing, ix. 


Ilavti, men left at, by Columbus, viii. 13. 

Killed, 27 
Hayward, John, vii. 50. 
Havward, , vii. 257. 

Haywood, Antho , i. 8 1. 

I Ia/.ard, Ebenezer, i. 290. 

Hazard's Historical Collections, referred 

to, vi. G5, 7:*, 83; ix. 222. 

Ha/ell, Job 

ix. 294. 

•. 2! '5. 

Head, or Heard, (i. \V. 

Ilealev. See Ela. 
Heard, Widow, ii. 296. 
Heard, Mrs., remarkable preservation o(", 
vi. 20- 


General Index. 

" Heart of New England rent," a tract 
concerning the Quakers, by Rev. John 
Norton, mentioned, viii. 295. 
Heath, Sir Robert, i. 238. 

Heath, , quoted, ii. 334, 337, 338, 

340, 344. 

Heath, , ii. 351, 355. 

Heath, Elder, iv. 141, 167. 

Heath, Major-Gen., error in his Memoirs 
corrected, vi. 283. 

Heath, Isaac, viii. 272. 

Heath, Elizabeth, ib. 

Heath, Martha, ib. 

Heathcote, George, letter to John Win- 
throp, Jr., x. 76. 

Hedge, Levi, i. 288. 

Hedge, , vi. 23, 37, 165. 

Hedge, Rev. F. H. vi. 299. 

Hedge, Mercy, x. 186. 

Hedsall, Thomas, viii. 256. 

Hegon, Indian chief, his son killed, vi. 
237, 247. 

Helmont, , x. 18. 

Heman. See Hayman. 

Hemphill, Joseph, i. 273. 

Henault, , ii. 17. 

Henchman, Major John, i. 86. 

Hendicot. See Endicott. 

Hendrick, Mohawk sachem, speeches of, 
v. 37, 40, 61. 

Hendrick, Capt. , v. 154, 159. 

Henley, , vii. 185. 

" Henriade," the, quoted, ii. 13, 14, 15, 17. 

Henry II., of France, ii. 3. 

Henry, King of Navarre, ii. 8. Mar- 
riage of, 9. 

Henry III., of France, favors the Protes- 
tants, ii. 15. Assassinated, 16. 

Henry IV. of France, grants to the Prot- 
estants the Edict of Nantes, ii. 16. 
Hated by the Popish clergy, assassinated, 
17. Character of, 17, 44, 45. 

Henry VII. of England, discoveries of 
Sebastian Cabot and son, in his reign, 
i. 231 ; iii. 360, 361 ; v. 64 ; viii. 95. 

Henry VIII., iii. 361, 362. 

Henry, Alexander, i. 273. 

Henry, — , v. 176. 

Henry, Elizabeth, vi. 142. 

Herbert, Lieut. Richard, i. 158. 

Heresies, Sermon of Mr. Cotton concern- 
ing, iii. 69. , 

Herkimer, General, v. 120. 

Heme, Margaret, x. 161. 

Heme, Francis, x. 162. 

Heme, William, ib. 

Heme family, ib. 

Herrick, Ephraim, vii. 253. 

Herrick, Henry, vii. 253, 256. 

Herrick, Zacharie, vii. 253. 

Herrick, Lydia, vii. 256. 

Herrick, Mary, ib. 

Herrick, Ede, ib. 

Herrick, Jonathan, vii. 269. 

Hemes, Sir Arthur, i. 241. 

Herriot, Thomas, viii. 117. 
Herryman, , x. 31. 

Herschel, Sir John F. W., ix. 1, 4, 10, 
12, 15, 34. f 

Heryot, Thomas, vi. 105. 

Hewet, , iii. 97. 

Hewley, Sarah, a benefactress of non- 
conformists, x. 155. 

Heydon, Sir John, x. 17. 

Heyles, or Heyler, Richard, viii. 252; x. 

Heyman, Samuel, iv. 289. 

Heynes, Rev. Mr., of Hartford, x. 61, 62, 

Heyres. See Eyre. 

Heyward, Tho., viii. 274. 

Heyward, Susannah, ib. 

Heywood, Oliver, x. 166. 

Hiacoomes, preaches to the Indians, iv. 
107-118,146, 188. 

Hibbard, Robert, vii. 253. 

Hibbins, William, i. 37; viii. 209, or 
Hibbens, 211. 

Hickford, John, iii. 229. 

Hickling, William, ii. 63. 

Hickman, Henry, ix. 66. 

Hickson, Matthew, viii. 307. 

Hide, John, viii. 319. 

Hiero sends to Britain for a mast, iii. 357. 

Higden, Peter, viii. 319. 

Higginson, Stephen, Jr., i. 288. 

Higginson, Stephen, ii. 294. 

Higginson, Rev. John, iii. 97, 144, 147, 
148, 179, 180; vii. 258, 263; x. 34. 
Several letters to and from him, vii. 
197-222. His last words to his chil- 
dren, 222. 

Higginson, Rev. Francis, iii. 376, 377, 
382; viii. 248. 

Higginson, John, iv. 289. 

Higginson, Nathaniel, letters to and from, 
vii. 197-222. 

Higginson, Anna, vii. 198. 

Higginson, Mary, vii. 199. 

Higginson, John, vii. 199. His children, 
202, 203. 

Higginson, Sarah, vii. 199. 

Higginson, Elizabeth, ib. 

Higginson, Thomas, vii. 199, 221. 

Higginson, Mary, vii. 220. 

Higginson, John, ib. 

Higginson, Samuel, ib. 

Highams, Sir John, a patron of the Puri- 
tans, viii. 318. 

High Court of Justice, act for erecting 
burnt, ii. 357. Judges condemned, x. 4. 

Higinbotham, , ix. 254. 

Higon, Ned, i. 114. 

Higuers, the, i. 104. 

Hill, Ralph, i. 44. 

Hill, Capt., ii. 271. 

Hill, Rev. Samuel, ii. 313. 

Hill, Ralph, iv. 290. 

Hill, Capt., v. 190. 

Hill, Capt., vi. 233, 262. 

General Index. 


Hill, Valentine, vii. 119. 

Hill, John, mi. 253,256,967,268. 

Hill, Abigail, mi. 356. 

Hill. Robert, viii. 369 

Hill, William, viii. 270. 

Hill, , x. 37. 

Hill, Charles, letter to J. Winthrop, Jr. 

\. 66. 
Hill in Maine, removed from its place, x 

123, 125. 
Hillard, George, B., ix. 304. 

Hilliard, Rev. , v. 245. 

Hilliard, Rev. , vii. 273. 

Hilliard, William, viii. 263. 
Hillman, Elliner, viii. 267. 
Hills, Henry, viii. 289. 
11,11s, _, i x . 252. 


Hilton, Col. Winthrop, v. 190, 192, 195. 

Hilton, ('apt., v. 190. 

Hilton, Cant., vi. 218, 276. Major, 251. 
Col., 261. 

Hilton, William, letter to John Winthrop, 
Jr., ix. 262. 

Hinckley, Thomas, Governor of Ply- 
month, ii. 266; vii. 166, 167, 300. 

Hincks, John, vii. 268. 

Hind, , i. 82. 

Hindecot. See Endicott. 

Hinderson, Capt., iii. 2:50. 

Hinds, Sarah, x. 168. 

Hinds, , ih. 

Hingham, ii. B4 ; iii. 320; iv. 291. Con- 
troversy about the choice of their cap- 
tain, ii. 114. Church, i. 49j iii. 79, 360. 

Hinkley, Sam., viii. 275. 

Hinkley, Sarah, ib. 

Hispaniola discovered, viii. 9. Taken 
possession of, iii. 360. 

Histotre de l'Edit de Nantes, quoted, ii. 

Historical Society of Pennsylvania, vi. 

History of Boston, quoted, ii. 52. 

History of Cohasset, ii. 84-109. 

History of the Clergy during the French 
Revolution, quoted, ii. 38. 

Hitchcock, Rev. Gad, ii. 98. 

Hitchcock, Rev. Dr., v. 2 15. 

Hitchcock, Matthew, viii. 259. 

Hixon, Perry, i. 158. 

Hoar, Dorcas, vii. 262. 

Hoar, Leonard, vii. 298 ; viii. 341. 

Hoar, Hon. Samuel, viii. 4. 

Hobart, Rev. Peter, of Hingham, ii. 64 ; 
iii. 93, 380. 

Hobart, David, ii. 89. 

Hobart, Rev. Nehemiah, first minister of 
Cohasset, ii. 66-89. 

Hobart, Rev. Gershom, vi. 236. See 

Hobbs, Rev. James, ii. 320. 

Hobert, or Hubbard, William, x. 165. 

llobson, John, ii. 27 1. 

Hobeon, Cant., oomei i" New England 

in 1614, vi. (ii) 
Hockin, [Hawkins?], vii. 109. 
Hodgdon, Jonathan, ii 2 6 
Hodges, Rev. R, M., i - 
I lodg< i, ( Sept., \ mi. •„'.">.">, 256. 
1 lodges, Humphra, i ' '• 

Hodshon, , i. 246. 

Hodsou [or Rodson], , ix. 259. 

Hody, John, viii. 301 , 

lloi'l, Mrs., vi. 274. 

Hoel Dha, Laws of, vii. 18. 
Iloiinan, William, viii. 265. 
1 lorinan, Winilrid, ih. 
I lorinan, 1 lanna, ib. 

1 [oeman, Jeremy, id. 
I [oeman, Mar\ , ib. 

1 [oeman, Sana, ih. 

Hoeman, Abraham, ih. 

Hoffman's Lexicon Universale, quoted, 

ix. 73. 

Hog Island, vii. 166. 

Holbrook, Dr. Amos, iii. 207. 

Holbrook, John, iv. 291. 

Holbrook, Silas P., v. 291. 

Holden, Randall, i. 3, 16,215, 223, 224. 
Libel of, against the government of Mas- 
sachusetts, 5. 

Holden, , ix. 271. 

Holderness, Earl of, viii. 161. 

Holdred, William, viii. 256. 

Holland, Larl of, ix. 121. 

Hollanders, made rich by fishing, vi. 109. 

Hollcd, John, viii. 244, 245, 246. 

Hollet, , ix. 277. 

Hollingworth. William, viii. 270. 

Hollingworth, Lliz., ib. 

Hollingworth, Richard, ib. 

Hollingworth, Su/.an, ib. 

Hollis, [Denzill], ii. 353. 

Mollis, [Thomas?], vii. 9. 

Hollis, LJrand, x. 155. 

Hollis, New Hampshire, its church, iv. 

Holloway, Henry, vii. 157. 

Hollowav, John, viii. 262. 

Holly, Eliza, viii. 267. 

Holmes, Rev. Dr. Abiel, i. 288, 292, 293, 
294. Acknowledgment of donations in 
behalf of Massachusetts Historical So- 
ciety, i. 295, 297; ii. 27!), 36-"), 368 ; iii. 
404, 406. Communication to Mass. 
Hist. Soc, v. 243, 294. Annals, v. '2 13 ; 
vii. 8, 21 ; ix. 43. Memoir of, vii. -J70. 

Holmes, Nathaniel, iv. 291. 

Holmes, Capt., v. 190. 

Holmes, Dr. David, vii. 271. 

Holmes, Mrs. Mary, \ii. 273. 

Holmes, Rev. Mr., of Duxbnry, vii. 297. 

Holmes, Obadiah, viii. 293; ix. 291, 293. 

Holmestead, Richard, x. 166. 

Holt, Rev. Peter, ii. 319; iii. 189. 

Holte, Nicholas, viii. 319. 

Holyoke, John, iv. 291. 

Ilolyoke, Rev. Edward, settled in Mar- 


General Index. 

blehead, v. 218. Chosen President of 
Harvard College, 222, 223. 

Holy Scripture, Christian religion con- 
tained in, to be the public profession of 
the Commonwealth of England, ii. 337. 

Homer, Rev. Dr. Jonathan, i. 288; x. 225. 

Homer, Rev. Dr. Arthur, i. 290. 

Homer, J. L., vi. 298. 

Homes, Nathaniel, vii. 179. 

Honeyman, Rev. Mr., of Newport, R. I., 
ii. 70, 71, 72. 

Honnywood, John, viii. 275. 

Hood, Lieut., vii. 294. 

Hoogborn, , ii. 66. 

Hook, Major, vi. 233. 

Hook, Sergeant, vi. 249. 

Hooke, Rev. William, his letter to John 
Winthrop, Jr., i. 181, 185; iii. 95,96, 
107 ; viii. 249, 251, 284 ; x. 6, 38, 39. 

Hooker, Rev. Thomas, i. 79, 239; iii. 97, 
378, 385; iv. 215; vi. 161, 176; viii. 
248 ; ix. 204, 211 ; x. 60, 74, 168. 

Hooker's Eccles. Politie, (Pref.,) quoted, 
ii. 2. 

Hooper, William, viii. 270. 

Hoornbeeck, Professor, ix. 58. 

Hoornbeeck, John, ix. 72. 

Hope, an Indian man, sold to John Main- 
ford, i. 27. 

Hope-Hood, Indian, i. 104; vi. 210, 217. 

Hopkins, Thomas, i. 4. 

Hopkins, Benjamin, i. 156. 

Hopkins, Edward, i. 184 ; iii. 381 ; iv. 196; 
ix. 199, 205 ; x. 74. 

Hopkins, Stephen, v. 13. 

Hopkins, Mrs., x. 9. 

Hopkinton, its church and ministers, i. 
153 ; iv. 293. 

Hopton, Sir Ralph, ii. 130. 

Horn's Historia Ecclesiastica, ix. 73. 

Home, , x. 136. 

Horry, , ii. 57. 

Horses, 418 in Boston in 1742, i. 152. 

Horton, Ruth P., iii. 207. 

Horwood [Harwood?], James, viii. 252. 

Hosack, Dr. David, i. 290. 

Hosmer, James, viii. 256. 

Hosmer, Ann, ib. 

Hosmer, Marie, ib. 

Hotchkiss, Thomas, viii. 317. 

Hot-house, Indian, for cure of diseases, 
construction of, vi. 194. 

Hough. See Haugh. 

Houghton, Oliver, iii. 207. 

Houghton, Ralph, iv. 290. 

Houghton, John, ib. 

Houghton, William, viii. 261. 

Houlden, Captain, i. 223, 224. 

Moulding, Just., x. 143. 

Houlding, Richard, ib. 

Houldon. See Holden. 

House of Commons, call for the Great 
Charter of New England, vi. 66, 71. 

Houses, 1,717 in Boston in the year 1742, 
i. 152. 

Hovey, Deacon, of Weymouth, vi. 219. 

How, Capt., vi. 259. 

How, Ephraim, vii. 151. 

How, , vii. 201. 

Howard, Capt. Anthony, i. 84. 

Howard, Martin, Jr., v. 13. 

Howard, Rev. , v. 262. 

Howard, Dr. John C, vi. 295. 

Howe, Lieutenant, iii. 98. 

Howe, John, vii. 151. 

Howe, Edward, viii. 272. 

Howe, Elizabeth, ib. 

Howe, Jeremie, ib. 

Howe, Sarah, ib. 

Howe, Ephraim, ib. 

Howe, Isaac, ib. 

Howe, William, ib. 

Howe, Isaac R., ix. 125. 

Howes, Edward, letters to John Win- 
throp, Jr., ix. 240-265. Letter from 
Rev. Thomas Archisden, 239, 249, 250. 

Howes, Ed. F., ix. 257. 

Howell, , iii. 156. 

Howell, James, x. 18. 

Howell, John, x. 88. 

Howell, Capt., x. 92. 

Howland, J., i. 118. 

Howland, John, President of Rhode Island 
.Historical Society, v. 243. 

Howson, Peter, viii. 252. 

Howson, Ellin, ib. 

Hubbard, Benjamin,* his letter to Gov. 
Winthrop, invention concerning longi- 
tude, i. 20. 

Hubbard, Rev. William, appointed to 
officiate as President of Harvard Col- 
lege in 1688, i. 83 ; ii. 144 ; vii. 7. His 
History of New England distributed by 
the legislature of Massachusetts, vii. 23, 
299; ii. 258, 308 ; ix. 53, 61, 172 ; x. 92, 
96, 165; viii. 270. 

Hubbard, Gershom, i. 256. See Hobart. 

Hubbard, Gilbert H., i. 290. 

Hubbard, Daniel, ii. 106. 

Hubbard, John, vii. 49. 

Hubbard, Rev. Josiah, vii. 250. 

Hubbard, Rev. Jeremiah, vii. 250, 256. 

Hubbard, Rev. Joshua, vii. 256. 

Hubbard, Tho. [John ?], viii. 258. 

Hubbard, William, viii. 258, 261. 

Hubbard, Jo., viii. 261. 

Hubbard, William, viii. 269. 

Hubbard, Judith, ib. 

Hubbard, John, ib. 

Hubbard, Martha, viii. 270. 

Hubbard, Mary, ib. 

Hubbard, Nathaniel, ib. 

Hubbard, Richard, ib. 

Hubbard, Marie, viii. 272. 

Hubberd, Joshua, i. 45. 

Hubberd, Peter, viii. 248. 

Hubbert, or Hobart, , minister of 

Hingham, i. 49. 

Hubbert, Margaret, viii. 315. 

Hubbert, Edward, ib. 

General Index, 



x. 171. 

Habbord. Sue Hobart. 
Hacking, Lieut, vi. 5309. 

Hudson, , i. Ml. 

Hudson, William, ii. 74, 7."). 

Hudson, Henry, vi. 106. Voyages, iii. 

371, 372. 

Hudson, Ralph, viii. 260. 
1 ludson, Marie, ih. 

Hudson, Henna, ib. 
Hudson, Eliz., ib. 

Hudson, Jo., ib. 

Hudson, John, x. 164, 1G6. 

Hudson, Christopher, x. 1C6. 

Hudson's River, or Mohegan River, iii. 
391; v. Ill, 117, 118; vi. 13. Claimed 
by the English, 72, 83. 

Iluet, Rev. , iii. 383. 

Huger, Francis K., ii. 54. 

Huger, , ii. 57. 

Huguenots, or French Protestants, Histo- 
ry of, by Rev. Abiel Holmes, D. D., ii. 

Hull, i. 51 ; iv. 291. 

Hull, Ben., i. 88. 

Hull, John, i. 213. 

Hull, Rev. , ii. 312; vi. 210. 

Hull, Mrs., acts as secretary for the In- 
dians, vi. 226. 

Hull, Isaac, vii. 253. 

Hull, Katherin, viii. 272. 

Hulls, Andrew, ib. 

Humboldt, Baron Alexander Von, i. 290. 

Hume, David, History of England by, re- 
ferred to, i. 185 ; ii. 47 ; ix. 193. 

Hummanequem, Indian, iv. 115, 176. 

Humphrev, Cent. Ebenezer, ii. 80. 

HumpbreV, John, iii. 94, 97, 106, 138, 
396; vi. 81; viii. 321; ix. 178, 243, 
253. Letters to John Winthrop, Jr., 
232, 233, 245, 252. 

Humphrey's Hist, of Soc. for the Propaga- 
tion of the Gospel, &c, quoted, ii. 70. 

Humphry, Ebenezer, ii. 74, 75. 

Hunkinges, William W., i. 4. 

Hunkins, Thomas, ii. 74, 75. 

llunnewell, Cent., vi. 250. 

Hunt, Rev. Robert, of Virginia, iii. 45. 

Hunt, Capt. , iii. 374. Sells In- 
dians in Spain, vi. 132. 

Hunt, Jonathan, iv. 291. 

Hunt, Ephraim, ib. 

Hunt, Capt. , v. 190, 191. 

Hunt, Samuel, v. 190. 

Hunt, Rev. Dr., v. 199. 

Hunter, Rev. Joseph, viii. 251, 252. His 
letter to Hon. James Savage, viii. 298; 
x. 127. His genealogical notices of 
early settlers of New England from 
Suffolk, Eng., x. 147. 

Hunter, Christian, viii. 270. 

Hunter, Eliz., ih. 

Hunter, Tho., ib. 

Hunter, William, ib. 

Huntoon, John, ii. 296. 

Hard, Rev. Isaac, ii. 890. 

Hurlbut, Thomee, iii. 136, Hi', 143, 117, 

Hurricane in New England, iii. 380. 

Hurst, William, viii. 301. 
Hurst, , viii. 302. 

Hose, Hannah, i. 156. 

Huske, Bllis, vn. Mi. 

Hueon, , i. 34. Spelt Huison. 985, 

Hatching, Jonathan, vi. 946. 

HntohinB, Thomas, iii. 396. 

Hutcbins, , v. 986. 

Hutchins, Enoch, vi. 271. 

Hutcbins S History of Dorset, extract from, 

viii. 306. 
Hutchinson, Mrs., i. 13; iii. 380, 381 ; vi. 

198, 201 ; viii. 194. 
Hutchinson, Capt., one of the purchasers 

of Rhode Island, i. 213. 
Hutchinson, Elisha, i. 290. 
Hutchinson, Rev. John, ii. 366; iii. 408. 
Hutchinson, Joseph, Sen., iii. 176, 177. 
Hutchinson, Gov. Thomas, v. 6, 9; vii. 

7, 8, 90, 243, 287; ix. 122, 181. Letter 

from Gov. Pownall to, i. 148. Prom 

Gideon Hawley, 150. 
Hutchinson, Elisha, v. 194 ; vii. 64 ; viii. 

Hutchinson, E., v. 215. 
Hutchinson, Counsellor, ib. 
Hutchinson, Capt., vi. 178. 
Hutchinson, Major, vi. 225, 228; x. 121. 
Hutchinson, Capt. Thomas, vii. (i!l. 
Hutchinson, Samuel, his letters to John 

Winthrop, Jr., concerning salt-works, 

x. 49, 50, 52. 
Hutchinson, John, x. 145. 
Hutchinson's Collection of Papers, re- 
ferred to, iii. 398 ; viii. 192, 194, 195 ; 

x. 121. 
Hutchinson's History of Massachusetts 

referred to, i. 81, 139, 148, 150; ii. 273, 

iii. 399 ; v. 5, 6 ; vii. 126, 288 ; ix. 173. 

Error in, corrected, viii. 344. 
Hutchinson Papers, i. 1-151 (x. second 

scries} . 
Hyde, Sir Henry, ii. 334. 
Hyde, Sir Edward, ib. 
Hyde, David, vii. 88, 89. 
" Hypocrisy Unmasked,'' viii. 287. 

Icogiscat, an Indian, account of his re- 
covery from sickness, iv. 77. 

Igguldcn, John, viii. 246. 

Illinois Indians, i. 233. 

"Ill Newes from New England," by John 
Clark <»f Rhode Island, viii. 288. An- 
swered by Rev. Thomas Cobbett, 293. 

Independents and Presbyterians, i. 33. 

Indian, aged, visits Boston in 1723, i. 150. 
Children, two, brought to Roger Wil- 

VOT.. X. 



General Index. 

liams, 70. Preachers, 101. Captives 
delivered up, 112. Trade valuable, 
109. Names of rivers, iii. 22. Man- 
ner of living, government, &c., 103. 
War, letter of J. Talcott to Sir E. An- 
dros relating to, 167. Robbed and 
murdered near Providence, 382. School- 
master, iv. 177, 190. Woman's dying 
speech to her children, 80. Guide with 
Major Washington in 1754, v. 107. In- 
terpreters bribed, 171. Affairs, depart- 
ments of, established by the Continental 
Congress, 75. Squaw-sachem saves the 
life of Samuel Butterfield, vi.279. Strat- 
agem, 246. Chiefs, speeches of, ix. 85- 
98 ; submit to King James I., 212. Gov- 
ernors chosen, 96-98. Children to be 
instructed, 245. Sachems meet at Roger 
Williams's house, 272. Plot to destroy 
the colonies defeated, x. 180. 

Indian language, the Bible translated into, 
i. 101 ; ii. 248. The Lord's prayer in, 
248. Sermon by Josiah Cotton in, 249. 

Indian languages, vii. 22; x. 198-217. 

Indian Primer, extracts from, ii. 245, 248. 

Indian tribes in New England, account of, 
by William D. Williamson, ix. 92-100. 

Indian Vocabulary, by Josiah Cotton, ii. 

Indians and French take Falmouth, i. 
104, 105. Truce with, 112. Eastern, 
petition of ministers for propagation of 
Christianity among, 133. Mashpee, 
longevity of, 150 - 152. Onohoquaga, 
Mohawk, and Stockbridge, do not live 
to a great age, 151. Wunhowatuckoogs 
confederate with the Pequots, 161. 
Mauquawogs, 178. Narraganset, 209 - 
229. Excited by Jesuits and priests to 
commit cruelties upon the English, 233. 
And French, assault a town in Massa- 
chusetts, 234. Assault North Hampton, 
69. And French take Pemaquid fort, 
85. Destroy families at Cocheca, 88. 
Damage done by, at Blue Point Garri- 
son, 92. Begin a second war with the 
English in 1675, 95. In New England 
converted, 101. Outrages of, in eastern 
parts of New England, 101 - 112. An- 
imated by the French to make war, 102. 
Treachery of, 103. Seized by Justice 
Blackman, 102. Are set at liberty by 
Andros, 103. Rum sold to. ii. 61. Kill 
John Johnson and his children at Ox- 
ford, 31, 60, 67. Number of praying, in 
Plymouth county, in 1703, 244. Infor- 
mation concerning, in Plymouth Gen- 
eral Court records, 269. Land pur- 
chased of, 270. Employed in hunt- 
ing by the first settlers of Virginia, iii. 9. 
Kill 347 of the English, 13. In New 
England die of a plague, 16, 22, 23. In 
Virginia, 23. Cruelty to captives, 151. 
Relation of their plot to destroy the 
English in 1642, 161, 293-311. Mor- 

tality among, 294. Their government, 
308. Small-pox among, 379. John 
Oldham killed by, 380. At Massachu- 
setts decreased, 376. Of New England, 
tracts relating to the attempts to convert 
them to Christianity, iv. 1-287. Said 
to have murdered English fishermen, v. 
49. Complain of their lands being taken 
from them, 35-59. Drawn from the 
British interest by the French, 66. Of 
River St. Lawrence, 76, 77. Treaty 
with the Six Nations of, in 1754, v. 5. In 
1775, v. 75. With tribes of, northwest of 
the Ohio, 109. In North America, sim- 
ilarity of dress and manners, 137. Cloth- 
ing of, 152. Reduction of, 153. Their 
mode of warfare, vi. 4, 26. Dress, 34. 
Kill some English at Saybrook, 35. 
Carried to England, 50. Die of the 
plague, 57. Defrauded, 70. Their gov- 
ernment in New England monarchical, 
89. Plague among, 90. Bashaba of, 
killed, sagamores destroy each other's 
people, 90. Of Penobscot, seldom made 
voyages to Massachusetts, 119. Sold in 
Spain for slaves, 132. Kill several 
Englishmen, 178. Desire peace, 225. 
Truce with, 237. Renew their submis- 
sion, 245. Near Cape Cod, account of, 
in 1602, viii. 74, 75. Of Martha's Vine- 
yard, 76. Near Elizabeth's Island, 77- 
81,85-93, 135-147. Five carried to 
England by Capt. Waymouth, 145, 169, 
170-179, 334, 341. Manner of killing 
whales, 156. Of New England, 176- 
179. Give up the Narraganset country, 
ix. 28. Of Plymouth, die of the plague, 
212. Driven beyond the Mississippi, 
198, 264, 269, 270, 272. Executed for 
murder at Southampton, x. 182. Of 
Cossatuck to be removed, 64. Saga- 
mores manifest great kindness to Capt. 
Levett in 1623, viii. 169. Chiefs as- 
semble at Miami rapids, v. 129, 167. 

Indians in New England, strictures upon 
a memoir of the, in the Boston Monthly 
Magazine, for March, 1826, ii. 269. 

Indians and French, Niles's Summary His- 
torical Narrative of Wars with, vi. 154. 

Indicutt. See Endicott. 

Indies, how discovered, viii. 6. 

Infant Baptism, viii. 286. 

Ingalls, John, ii. 296. 

Ingalls, Samuel, iv. 291. 

Ingersoll, Deacon, iii. 178, 179. 

Ingles, Maurice, viii. 319. 

Inglesby, Nicholas, vii. 188, 189. 

Ingoldsby, Richard, ii. 351. 

Ingram, William, vi. 130. 

Ingram, Edward, viii. 271. 

Innholders restrained, vii. 49. 

Instructions to Gov. Josiah Winslow, com- 
mander-in-chief in Philip's war, i. 66. 

Intemperance, how prevented in Boston, 
in 1637, iii. 326. 

General Index. 


Ipswich, iii. 323; x. 17-2. Church gath- Jamei II 
end, 37:>; iv. 291 ; vi. 49. Delegates I a Pap 
meet then in relation to Mason's claim, 
vii. 968. Magistrates, appointed by the 
General Court a committee to consider 
of the u Body of Liberties," viii. 209. 

[pswich, Hamilton, and Essex, History of, 
l)\ Rev. Joseph B. Felt, referred to as 
a valuable publication, vii. 25. 

Ipswich .Mills, offered by Mr. Saltonstall 
for the College, i. 63. ' 

I re I a in I, Samuel, viii. 261. 
Ireland, Marie, ib. 
Ireland, Martha, ib. 
lreson, I'd ward, viii. 266. 

Ireson, Elizabeth, ib. 
Ireton, Henry, ii. 354. 
Irish, Grace, viii. 303. 
Irish, Thomas, ib. 

Iron, Virginia merchants petition Parlia- 
ment lor its tree importation from the 
colonies, i. 140. Ore in Virginia, iii. 10. 
Works m Lynn, 322. 

Iroquois country, v. 64, 66. Lake, now 
Lake Champlain, 65, 67. 

Irving, Washington, iii. 408. 

Isaac, Indian deacon at Mashpec, i 
Dies, 151. 

Isaack, Skipper, ix. 277. 

[saacke, Rebecca, x. 141. 

Isle of Sables, iii. 100. 

Isle of Shoals, iii. 100; v 

Ives, William, 

Ivy, Martin, iii. 216. 

!73; x 

2127; viii 
, 130. 



, i. 11)5, lot; Declarea himself 
*t, ii 23, 47, 830. Vacates the 
charters of Massachusetts and Plymouth. 
i\ 221. His commission u> Sir Edmund 
Andios, vii. 139. His order concerning 
Pemaquid, 160. Commission to Edward 
Randolph, 161. Abdicates the British 

throne, vi. 205. 
James, Thomas, ii. 88. 
James, Bleazer, ii. '.•'.». 
.lames, Christopher, ii. 102. 

James, , iii. Db. 

James, \U\ . , iii. 385. 

James, Rev. , of Charlestown, vii. 

James, Thomas, viii. 248. 
James, Michel 1, x. 135. 

James, Rev. , x. 181, 183. 

" James Cittie," in Virginia, ii. 339. 
Jamestown, Virginia, iii. 371. 
Jarman, Precilla, viii. 263. 
Jarvis, Capt., v. 190. 
Jay, lion. John, i. 291 ; ii 

iii. 194. See Le Jay. 

36, 54, 329 


Jacie, Henry, letters to John Winthrop, 

Jr., i. 235-246; ix. 239. 
Jacie, Thomas, i. 239. 
Jackson, Hon. Charles, i. 288; x. 216. 
Jackson, Jonathan, ii. 285. 
Jackson, Benjamin, ii. 296. 
Jackson, Capt., iii. 230. 
Jackson, Edward, iv. 46, 65. 

Jackson, , iv. 177, 231. 

Jackson, F., vi. 298. 
Jackson, Henry, viii. 258. 
Jackson, John, viii. 263. 
Jackson, John, viii. 269. 
Jackson, Margaret, viii. 270. 
Jackson, John, ib. 
Jackson, Thomas, viii. 275. 
Jackson, Edmund, viii. 344. 
Jackson, Dr. James, x. 208. 
Jacoh, Deacon John, ii. 88, 89. 

Jacoh, Rev. , ix. 51. 

Jacobs, Capt., an Indian warrior, vi. 143. 
Jamaica taken by the English, iii. 388 

Description of, viii. 44, 45. 
James I. grants L'Acadie, by the name of 

Nova Scotia, to Sir William Alexander, JeofVeries, Elizabeth, 

i. 232; iii. 31, 374,375; v. 64; vi. 49, Jeofferies, Mary, ib. 

78 ; ix. 229 ; x. 18. Jermon, Ober,'ii. 68. 

Jay, Don. William, v. 300. 

Jay, Sir Thomas, viii. 253. 

Jeannerette, , ii. 57. 

Jeanson. See Johnson. 

Jelferds, Rev. Forrest, iii. 189. , 

Jefferson, Thomas, ii. 289; v. 109; vi. 
289; vii. 288; ix. 24. Acknowledges 
his error in his " Notes on Virginia," as 
to "the inferiority of the intellectual 
capacity of the negroes," 36. 

Jeffreys, Arthur, v. 190. 

Jeffrie, Margaret, x. 138. 

Jeffries, Sergeant, vi. 170. 

Jeffries, Edward, viii. 273. 

Jeffries, , viii. 279. 

Jeffries, Dr. John, ib. 

Jenkins, L., i. 74. 

Jenkins, Elizabeth, viii. 272. 

Jenkinson, Anthonv, iii. 363. 

Jenks, Rev. Dr. Wfliiam, i. 288, 292, 294, 
298; ii. 366, 368; iii. 407. Delivers a 
eulogy at the decease of Hon. James 
Bowdoin, ii. 50. His account of the 
Massachusetts Historical Society, vii. 5. 

Jenks, S. H., iii. 407. 

Jenks. See Hincks, vii. 168. 

Jenkynn, Jo., viii. 270. 

Jenner, Dr. Edward, i. 291. 

Jenner, , iii. 99. 

Jenner, Rev. , iv. 144. 

Jennings, Nicholas, x. 143. 

Jennings, Richard, x. 170. 

Jenningson. See Jennison 

Jennison, Dr. Timothy L., ii. 368. 

Jennison, ('apt. William, vi. 4. 

Jeofferies, Robert, viii. 263 
Jeofferies, Marie, ib. 
Jeofferies, Tho., it>. 



General Index, 


-, ii. 60. Capt., 68. 
-, ii. 60. 

Jernell, Thomas, viii. 256. 

Jersey, East and West, New, vii. 239. 

Jerseys, petition for restoration of charter 
of, i. 120. 

Jessepiok. See Chesapeake. 

Jessop, William, ii. 346. 

Jessup, John, x. 88. 

Jesuits and friars, sent among the Indians 
to engage them to subdue New Eng- 
land, i. 108. And priests excite Indians 
to commit cruelties against the English, 
23. Agent of, in New England, ii. 111. 
And Roman Catholics commanded to 
depart out of England, 341. Prevent 
English captives being brought from 
Canada, vi. 278. The Pope's "grand 
ingineers," x. 27. 

"Jesuits Maxims," x. 11. 

Jewett, Moses, ii. 298. 

Jewett, Ezekiel, iv. 290. 

Jewett, Nehemiah, iv. 291 ; vii. 57, 58. 

Joanes, , x. 34, 37. 

John, King of Portugal, refuses the offers 
of Columbus, viii. 7. 

John, Sagamore, with 180 Nipmuck In- 
dians submits to the English, vi. 189. 

Johnes, Will., viii. 275. 

Johnes, Margaret, ib. 

Johnson, Capt. Edward, of Woburn, i. 30; 
vi. 46; viii. 284. 

Johnson, John, i. 49. 

Johnson, Elizabeth, i. 124. 

Johnson, Betty, i. 125. 

Johnson, William, i. 291. 

Johnson, John, and his three children 
massacred by the Indians at Oxford, 
Mass., ii. 31, 60, 77, 78, 80, 81. 

Johnson, Charles, ii. 60. 

Johnson, Widow, ii. 295. 

Johnson, Isaac, iii. 326, 377; vii. 296, 300; 
ix. 178. The founder of Boston, viii. 
243. His will, 244. 

Johnson, Lady Arbella, iii. 377; viii. 243, 
245 ; ix. 178. 

Johnson, Matthew, iv. 290. 

Johnson, John, iv. 291. 

Johnson, Col., v. 37, 43. A friend to the 
Indians, 48-51. One of their sachems, 
52, 93, 94, 95. 

Johnson, Sir William, v. 117, 150. 

Johnson, Sir John, v. 161. 

Johnson, Capt., vi. 181. Killed, 182. 

Johnson, Sir Nathaniel, vii. 229. 

Johnson, Abraham, viii. 245. 

Johnson, Philip, viii. 246. 

Johnson, Jo., viii. 259. 

Johnson, John, viii. 270. 

Johnson, Suzan, ib. 

Johnson, Elizabeth, ib. 

Johnson, Thomas, ib. 

Johnson, Edmond, ib. 

Johnson, Tho., viii. 272; x. 130. 

Johnson, Edward, viii. 276. 

Johnson, Susan, viii. 276. 

Johnson, Rev. , ix. 51, 52, 73, 254. 

Johnson, William, x. 121. 

Johnson's Plain, ii. 80. 

Johnson's Wonderworking Providence, 
vii. 300. Referred to, viii. 284; ix. 120. 

Johonnet, Andrew, ii. 63. 

Johonnot, Zechariah, ib. 

Joie, John, x. 135. 

Jole, Robert, ib. 

Joncaire, , v. 103, 104. 

Jones, Abigail, i. 156. 

Jones, Daniel, i. 157. 

Jones, , i. 265. 

Jones, Sir William, i. 291. 

Jones, Ebenezer, ii. 295. 

Jones, Col. John, ii. 343 ; x. 42. 

Jones, Thomas, iii. 218. 

Jones, Abram, iv. 291. 

Jones, Samuel, v. 275, 277. 

Jones, William, v. 277. 

Jones, Edward, v. 295. 

Jones, , ib. 

Jones, Margaret, vii. 263. 

Jones, Miss, vii. 289. 

Jones, John, viii. 250. 

Jones, William, ib. 

Jones, John, viii. 259. 

Jones, Charles, viii. 264. 

Jones, Isaac, viii. 266. 

Jones, Hester, ib. 

Jones, Tho., ib. 

Jones, Sara, ib. 

Jones, Mary, ib. 

Jones, Jo., viii. 268. 

Jones, Jo., viii. 269. 

Jones, Sara, ib. 

Jones, Ruth, ib. 

Jones, Theophilus, ib. 

Jones, Rebecca, ib. 

Jones, Elizabeth, ib. 

Jones, Alice, viii. 270. 

Jones, or Fones, Martha, viii. 297. 

Jones, Thomas, ib. 

Jones, John, ix. 281. 

Jones, , x. 7. 

Jones, , x. 43. 

Jones, William, letter to John Winthrop, 
Jr., x. 77. 

Jones, Sir William, x. 214. 

Jope, William, viii. 271. 

Jordan family, killed by Indians, vi. 248. 

Jordan, Joane, viii. 265. 

Jordane, Lieut. John, i. 85. 

" Joseph English," a friendly Indian, 
killed, vi. 277. 

Josias, Indian sachem, iv. 270. 

Josselyn, John, his account of two voyages 
to New England, and chronological ob- 
servations of America, iii. 211 - 396. 
"Full of mistakes and errors," vii. 299. 

Jostlin, Thomas, viii. 256. 

Jostlin, Rebecca, ib. 

Jostlin, Dorothy, ib. 

Jostlin, Nathaniel, ib. 

General Index. 


Jostlin, Eliza, vni. 256. 
Jostlin, Mary, ib. 

Journal of the Proceedings of t h<> Con- 
gress held at Albany in 1754, v. 5. Ol 

tne Treaty held at Albany in August, 
177"), by the commissioner! oftbe twelve 
United Colonies, 75. Of Mr. Christo- 
pher Gist, who accompanied Major 
George Washington in his lirst visit to 
the French commander of the troops on 
the Ohio, 101. Of a treaty held in [793, 

with the Indian tribes northwest of the 

Ohio, 109. 

Journal of the Expedition to Canada, by 
Sir Hovendon Walker, i. 143. 

Journals, manuscript, of the Long, Little, 
&c. Parliaments, in the Library of the 

New York Historical Society, account 

of, and extracts from, by James liow- 

doin, ii. 323. 
Joy, Michael, i. 891. 
Joy, Amos, ii. %. 
Joynes, Jo., viii. 255 ; x. 128. 
Juanemo, i. 170, 17G, or Ayanemo, ix. 

300, 301. 
Judd, Sylvester, x. 236. 
Judges of Charles I., order concerning, 

ii. 354. Condemned, x. 42. 
Julius Caesar, iii. 357. 
Julius Agricola, ib. 

Jurieu, , ii. 26. 

Justin Martyr, ii. 4. 


Kakaipilashy, a Shawanese chief, v. 145. 
Kanaghquaesa, Sachem of Oneida, speech 

of, v. 77, 92. 
Kane, Florence, vii. 179. 
Kay, Robert, viii. 314. 
Kaye, Grace, ib. 
Keayne, Capt. Robert, iii. 106; vii. 297; 

viii. 270. See Kevne. 

Keblc, , ii. 334. 

Keble, Samuel, vii. 79. 

Keele, Edward, viii. 254. 

Keene, N. H., churches and ministers, ii. 

315 ; iv. 293. 
"Keenebank-river," hill near to, removed, 

x. 123, 125. 
Kcfflers, x. 16. 

K , N , x. 24, 25. 

Kellogg, Rev. Elijah, iii. 181. 

Kellogg, , interpreter, v. 49. 

Kellond, Thomas, vii. 126, 128. And 

Kirke sent in pursuit of Messrs. Whal- 

ley and Goffe, viii. 325. 
Kelly, Rev. John, ii. 302. 
Kelly, Rev. William, ib. 
Kelly, Col. Moses, ib. 
Kelly, John, ii. 302, 312. 
Kelly, John, ii. 302, 306, 306, 319, 321. 
Kemball, Henry, x. 141, 142. 
Kemball, Susan, x. 141. 

Kemball, Richard, s. ill, 142. 
Kemball, Ursula, X. Ill 
Kemball, Elizabeth, a. 142. 

Kemball, Su.san, tb. 
Kemball, Mary, ib. 
Kemball, Martha, ib. 

Kemball, John, ib. 
Kemball, Thomas, ib. 

Kemp, William, viii. 319. 
Kemp, Dorothy, \. 156. 

Kemp, William, ib. 
Kenabeca, iii. 22. 

Kendall, Lieut. Temple, i. 157. 
Kendell, Francis, i. 45. 

Kennebeck, iii. 345; vi. 107, 117. 

Kennebeek River, i. 113, 135, 136; v. 
4!), 65. 

Kennebunk, Maine, i. F6; iii. 395; vi.201. 

Kennedy, John, i. 158. 

Kennedy, Rev. Nathaniel, ii. 311. 

Kennedy, , v. 6. 

Kensington, N. 1L, church and ministers, 
ii. 311; iv. 293. 

Kent, Ebenezer, ii. 88. 

Kent, Deacon Abel, ii. 89, 96, 98. 

Kent, Mary, ii. 296. 

Kent, Hon. W. A., iii. 187. 

Kent, Capt., v. 190. 

Kent, Rev. Benjamin, v. 246. 

Kent, , vi. 195. 

Kent, , vi. 249. 

Kent, Richard, vii. 134. 

Kerbie, Jo., viii. 272. 

Kerke. See Kirke. 

Kettell, Peter, viii. 262. 

Ketteramogis, vi. 235. 

Kettle, Serjeant Richard, i. 261, 264. 

Key, James, vi. 212. 

Key, John, ib. 

"Key into the Language of America," by 
Roger Williams, viii. 295. 

Keysler's Travels referred to, ii. 44. 

Keyne, Robert, viii. 270. 

Keyne, Elizabeth, ib. 

Keyne, Ann, ib. 

Keyne, Ben., ib. See Keayne. 

Kidd, Capt., and Capt. Walkington, pro- 
posals to and from them to suppress an 
enemy privateer, i. 122, 123; vii. 209. 

Kidder, Job, ii. 296. 

Kilborne, Thomas, viii. 261. 

Kilborne, Francis, ib. 

Kilborne, Margaret, ib. 

Kilborne, Lydia, ib. 

Kilborne. Marie, ib. 

Kilborne, John, ib. 

Kilborne, Thomas, x. 141. 

Kilborne, Elizabeth, ib. 

Kilham, Hon. Daniel, i. 288. 

Killinghall, Margaret, viii. 273. 

Kimball, Lieut. Joseph, i. 157. 

Kimball, Peggy, ii. 2!»6. 

Kimball, Anna, ii. 297. 

Kimmerly, Natli., x. 22. 

Kincarten, Lord, x. 114. 


General Index. 

King, Hon. Rufus, i. 291 ; iii. 195, 205 ; 

v. 256; x. 187, 208. 
King, John, iv. 291. 
King, Peter, ib. 
King, Daniel P., v. 293. 
King, Capt., vi. 227. 
King, Hon. John G., viii. 4. « 
King, Thomas, viii. 154. 
King, Percy, viii. 259. 
King, Thomas, viii. 267. 
King, Suzan, ib. 
King, William, ib, 
Kinge, Henry, viii. 319. 
King, Thomas, x. 142. 
King, Thomas, x. 143. 
" King Beaver," an Indian, vi. 112, 148. 
King's Arms taken down, ii. 337. 
King's Chapel, v. 257-260. 
King's Province, or Narraganset country 

See Narraganset. 
Kingerbie, Capt. Thomas, viii. 287. 
Kingsbury, Col. Jeremiah, ii. 78. 
Kingsbury, Rev. Nathaniel, iii. 185. 
Kingsley, Professor, vii. 301, 302. 
Kingston, formerly Frontenac, v. 173. 
Kingston, alias Rochester, vii. 182. 
Kingston, New Hampshire, its churches 

and ministers, iii. 186; iv. 293. 
Kinkina, bark of, fevers cured by, x. 17. 
Kinsman, Robert, iv. 291. 
Kirby, Francis, letters to John Winthrop, 

Jr., ix. 237, 266. 
Kirck, Lady, x. 26. 

Kirk, Sir David, expels the French from 
Canada, Governor of Quebec, i. 232; 
vi. 41. Admiral, 215 ; vii. 128. 

Kirk, Sir Lewis, i. 233. 

Kirk, Judith, viii. 260. 

Kirke, Thomas, vii. 126, 128 ; viii. 325. 

Kirke, Capt. , ix. 238. 

Kirkham, , viii. 303. 

Kirkland, Rev. Dr. John T., i. 288, 292, 
293 ; v. 121 ; ix. 170. 

Kist, V. J., ix. 72. 

Kittatteash, son of Onchas, x. 10. 

Kittery, iii. 344 ; vi. 236, 274. 

Knapp, John, viii. 319, 320. 

Knight, John, of Woburn, i. 44. 

Knight, Joseph, ib. 

Knight, Rev. , iii. 93. 

Knight, John, iii. 371. 

Knight, Alexander, vi. 41. 

Knight, Richard, vii. 49. 

Knight, George, Esq., vii. 295. 

Knight, Dorothee, viii. 270. 

Knight, Sara, ib. 

Knight, John, viii. 319. 

Knight, Richard, ib. 

Knightly, Richard, viii. 244. 

Knollis, Rev. Hanserd, ii. 307, 308; iii, 
93,98,99,106,403; viii. 249. 

Knollis, Rev. , of Watertown, iii. 

Knore, Thomas, viii. 266. 
Knore, Noll, ib. 

Knore, Sara, viii. 266. 

Knowler, John, viii. 275. 

Knowles, John, his letters to Gov. Lever- 
ett, i. 62, 65. 

Knowles, Rev. Professor, vii. 7. 

Knowles, Henry, viii. 260. 

Knowles, , x. 34. 

Knox, Thomas, i. 273. 

Knox, Gen., v. 169, 170. 

Kollock, Dr. Lemuel, i. 291. 

Kory, Martha, iii. 172. 

Kunkapot, Capt., oldest of the Stock- 
bridge Indians, i. 151. 

Kyrtland, Philip, viii. 253. 

Kyrtland, Nathaniel, ib. 

Labcree, Mons., vi. 228. Killed, 230. 
L'Acadie, and Nova Francia, discovered, 
i. 231. Granted to Sir William Alex- 
ander, 232. 
Lactantius, iii. 357. 
Lacy, Lawrence, i. 124. 
Lacy, Dr. Edmund, viii. 304. 
La Fayette, ii. 39-41; vii. 288; ix. 15- 

19, 25, 36. 
Lafebure, Mons., vi. 256. 

La Flower, , i. 82. 

" La Henriade," quotations from, ii. 13, 

La Heve, vii. 91. 

La Hontan, Baron, author of New Voya- 
ges to America, quoted, ii. 51 . 
Lake, Mrs., i. 184 ; ix. 275, 276, 284, 291, 

Lake, Capt. Thomas, killed by Indians, 

vi. 202 ; vii. 120. 
Lake Champlain, v. 65. 
Lake Erie, ib. 

Lake Iroquois, now Lake Champlain, ib. 
Lakeman, Widow, ii. 297. 
Lake Ontario, v. 65, 138. 
Lamb, Abiel, ii. 74, 75. 
Lamb, Capt., vi. 255. 
Lamb, Thomas, viii. 286. 
Lambert, Gen. John, i. 61, 195; ii. 354, 
356; vii. 155; x. 29, 31. 

Lambert, , i. 82. 

Lambert, Edward R., vii. 295. 

Lambert, William, viii. 258. 

La Mole, ii. 16. 

La Moyne, Capt. Bernard, viii. 334. 

Lampereel River, vi. 217, 254. 

Lamprey, Martha, ii. 298. 

Lampson, Jonathan, i. 156. 

Lamson, Rev. , vi. 300. 

Lamson, Rev. Dr. Alvan, vii. 294; viii. 4. 
Lancaster, Massachusetts, iv. 290. At- 
tacked by Indians, vi. 183, 244, 261- 
Lancaster, Pennsylvania, council at, v. 

83, 98. 
Lancaster, James, iii. 369. 
Land taken from the Pequots claimed, x.105. 

General Index, 


Landor's Imaginary Conversations quoted, 

ix. 78. 

Lane, Ralph, iii. 366, 367. Got. of Vir- 
ginia, viii. 122. 
,ane, Mrs., x. 113, 114. 
.angdon, Ann, i. 165. 

■aqgdon, , ii- 293. 

.angdon, Rev. Samuel, I). 1)., ii. 301. 
■angdon, Ke\ . Joseph, ii. 305. 

tansac, , ii. 57. 

.antsman. , ix. 67, 69. 

•arabe, Lieut., \i. 243. 
,arge, Mrs. Mary, vii. ^14. 
.arkham, Rev. Thomas, ii. 307, 308. 
<arned, Ebenezer, ii. 74, 75. 

a arned, Isaac-, ib. 

larnit, Isaac, i. 45. 

.a Roche, — — , ii. 57. 

arraby, ('apt. 


■athrop, Thomas, i. 180. 

Lathrop, John J., Jr., ii. 109. 
.athrop, .Mary, ii. 319. 
.athrop, Isaac, vii. 17. 
.athrop, Barnaby, vii. 167. 
, athrop, Rev. Dr., vii. 270. 

jathrop, , ib. 

.atimer, I., x. 25. 
.at in, , i. 82. 

La Tour and D'Aulney, papers relating 
to, vii. 90. 

Land, William, Archbishop of Canter- 
hurv, drives French Protestant refugees 
back to France, ii. 18; viii. 276; ix. 
208; x.2. 

Laudonniere, Rene, viii. 116, 122. 

Laughton, John, x. 88. 

Launce, Mary, x. 161. 

Launder, Tho., viii. 267. 

Launin, James, viii. 253. 

I. annus, Henry, one of the first Presidents 
of Congress, ii. 36, 55. 

Laurens, Col. John, ii. 55. 

Laurens, , minister, ib. 

Laurens, , ii. 57. 

Laurie, , minister, ii. 62. 

Laval's History of the Reformation in 
Fiance quoted, ii. 5. 

Lavericke, John, x. 142. 

Lawmolach, Indian, v. 103, 104. 

Lawrence, , ii. 94. 

Lawrence, Capt., v. 190. 

Lawrence, Hon. Abbott, v. 298; vi. 297. 

Lawrence, John, viii. 253. 

Lawrence, William, ib. 

Lawrence, Lord President, x. 2. 

Lawrence, Marie, viii. 253 ; x. 128. 

Lawrence, Matthew, x. 171. 

Laws of Massachusetts Colony, iii. 385., 
Hon F. C. Gray's remarks on, with the 
Body of Liberties adopted in 1641, viii. 
191-237. His account of, from 162ti 
m 1660, 199-215. Of Capt. Endieott, 
ix. 257. Of England to be in the Eng- 
lish language, ii. 336, 337, 338. Of 

Plymouth, ii. 270. 

Lawson, , ii, 57. 

LawtOO, Rev. John, i l.V>. 

l.a\ in i, Sir Ralph, in 51. 

Lea, William, \ iii. 255. 

Lea, Capt. Hubert, \m. 256,258,25 

Lea, J,, In,, 1.144 

Leach, , in. 389. 

Leach, Sarah, vii. 256. 

Leach, Margaret, \ iii. 255 

Leach, Margaret, \ in. 259. 

Leake, Anne, vm. 266. 
Lesson. See Gleason. 
Lea\ es, Ellin, viii. 272. 
Leavitt, Rev. Jonathan, iii. 190. 

Leavitt, John, iv. 291. 

Fe Blanc, , ii. 26. 

L[e Blom], James, ii. 66. 

Le Boenf, Capt., vii. 100. 
Le Boyteulx, Gabriel, ii. 65. 

Lecester, Capt. Jo., viii. 267. 

Lechfbrd, Thomas, his " Plain Dealing, or 

Newes from New England," at large, 

iii. 55. JNotes to, 397 ; viii. 2c5. 
Lee, William, i. 291. 
Lee, Lord, iii. 381. 
Lee, Samuel, viii. 251. 

Lee, , ix. 240. 

Leech, John, Sen., vii. 253. 

Leech, John, Jr., ib. 

Leet, Samuel, x. 1 16. 

Leete, William, Dep.-Gov., vii. 124; x. 

56, 74, 75. 
Leeth, John, viii. 275. 

Leeven, , ix. 65. 

Legare, , ii. 57. 

Leicester, Earl of, his Journal referred to, 

ii. 342. 
Leigh, Rev. William, letter to John Win- 

throp, ix. 226 ; x. 156. 

Leigh, , ix. 226. 

Leigh, William, x. 156. 

Leigh, Ralph, ib. 

Le Jay, Guy Michel, ii. 55. 

Le Mercier, Rev. Andrew, ii. 32, 47, 63. 

Le Neve, Peter, viii. 277. 

Lenfant, , ii. 26. 

Lenox, Duke of, vi. 83. 

Lent, persons licensed to eat flesh in the 

time of, x. 137. 
Lenthall, Hon. William, Speaker of the 

Parliament, i. 35; ii. 344. 

Lenthall, , iii. 403. 

Lenthall, Robert, viii. 247. 

Lenud, , ii. 57. 

Leonard, Rev. Elijah, ii. 97. 

Leprosy, cause of, ix. 256. 

Lescarbot, cited, ii. 7. 

Lesse, Dr., State of the Protestants in 

France, quoted, ii. 37, 38. 
Lester, Capt. John, viii. 270. 
Le Tellier, ii. 46. 
Letters and papers relating to French 

Protestants, ii. 64, &c. 
Letters, laws, &c', relating to conveyance 

of, from 1639 u< 1775, vii. 18. 


General Index. 



Lettsom, Dr. John C, i. 291. 
Lettyne, Tho., viii. 259. 
Leverage, Henry, viii. 319. 
Leveredge, — , x. 114. 

Leverett, John, Gov., ii. 130, 133. Let- 
ters from John Knowles to, i. 62, 65 ; 
ii. 130, 133; iii. 392-396; vii. 120, 298; 
ix. 124 ; x. 14. Letters to J. Winthrop, 
Jr., 96, 101, 104. From William Cod- 
dington, 106; viii. 341. 

Leverett, Thomas [John], Gov., iii. 391, 
396; viii. 343. 

Leverett, John, President of Harvard Col- 
lege, v. 182, 194, 196 ; vi. 274. 

Leveridge, or Leverich, Rev. William, ii. 
307; iii. 96; iv. 162, 176, 177. His 
letter to the Society for Promoting the 
Gospel among the Indians, 180, 181 - 
184, 194, 244 ; viii. 248. 

Levett, Christopher, his account of his 
voyage into New England in 1623, re- 
print of, viii. 159, 280. 

Levett's River, viii. 169. 

Lewes, Robert, viii. 270, 271. 

Lewes, Eliz., ib. 

Lewis, Rev. Daniel, ii. 87. 

Lewis, Capt. John, ii. 106. 

Lewis, Alonzo, iii. 404, 408. 

Lewis, Isaiah W. P., vi. 296. 

Lewis, John, viii. 275. 

Lewis, Sarah, ib. 

Lewis, Mrs., viii. 303. 

Lewis, , viii. 309. 

Lewis, Edmond, x. 140, 142. 

Lewis, Mary, x. 140. 

Lewis, John, x. 142. 

Lewis, Thomas, ib. 

Lewson, , of Yarmouth, pardoned, 

i. 61. 

Lexington, battle of, viii. 278. 

Leyden, church at, gathered, iii. 372. 

Leyden, Histories of, mentioned, ix. 51, 
63, 65. Magistrates in 1609 and 1620, 
74. Memoirs of the Pilgrims at, ix. 42. 

Library of Mass. Hist. Soc, account of, 
vii. 18. 

Lidget, Charles, i. 84 ; vii. 50. 

Lieford, Ann, viii. 263. 

Lightning, several persons killed by, iii. 
393; vi. 220-223. 

Lillie, John S., i. 275. 

Lincoln, Gen. Benjamin, i. 288; vi. 283; 
vii. 288; x. 188. Commands the forces 
raised to suppress insurrection in 1787, 
i. 205. Commissioner to Western In- 
dians, his journal, v. 109. Letter to the 
Secretary of War, 137. 

Lincoln, Isaac, 3d, ii. 96. 

Lincoln, Uriah, ii. 98. 

Lincoln, Isaac, ii. 99. 

Lincoln, Abiah, ii. 297. 

Lincoln, Hon. Solomon, iii. 406; v. 298; 
ix. 304. 

Lincoln, William, iii. 408; v. 296; vi. 
299. His History of Worcester com- 
plimented, vii. 25,293; ix. 172. Me- 
moir of, x. 225. 

Lincoln, Benjamin, Esq., x. 188. 

Lincoln, Hon. Levi, x. 225. 

Lincoln, Hon. Levi, x. 226. 

Lincoln, Bishop of, viii. 343. 

Lincoln, Earl of, ix. 178. 

Lindall, Timothy, iv. 289. 

Line, , vii. 299. 

Ling, Benjamin, ix. 297. 

Linge, , i. 199. 

Linsel, Rev. Dr., i. 238. 

Lion killed at Piscataway, iii. 228. 

Liopoldt, F., vii. 287. 

Lippincott, Joshua, i. 273. 

Lisle, Lord Commissioner, ii. 347. 

Lister, ii. 348. 

Litchfield, New Hampshire, iv. 293. 

Little, Rev. Daniel, ix. 84. 

Littlebury, , viii. 309. 

Little Compton, R. I., ii. 70. 

Littlefeild, Annis, x. 145. 

Liturgy altered at King's Chapel, v. 260. 

Livenston, Capt., vi. 262. 

Livingston, Thomas, i. 156. 

Livingston, Judge Brockholst, ii. 329. 

Livingston, Gov., ii. 329 ; v. 7. 

Livingston, William, v. 55, 56. 

Livingston, Philip, ib. 

Livingston, Robert, v. 87. 

Lloyd, Capt. John, i. 86. 

Lloyd, James, i. 273. 

Lloyd, Hon. James, i. 295. 

Lloyd, Walter, viii. 272. 

Locke, Deacon John, i. 157. 

Locke, , ii. 293. 

Locke, Mary, ii. 297. 

Locke, William, viii. 253. 

Locke, Daniel, x. 160. 

Locke, John, ib. 

Lockhart, Capt. George, i. 86; vii. 187. 

Loganian Society, Trustees of, iii. 407. 

Logg, Commodore, v. 197, 199. 

" Lolan Jo," or Joseph Loring, Indian 
sagamore, ix. 90. 

Londenoys, — i , viii. 314. 

" London Intelligencer," a Parliamentary 
paper, x. 36. 

London, Society in, for Propagating the 
Gospel, send missionaries to Rhode Isl- 
and, ii. 70. Great fire of 1666, x. 66. 

Long, Nathaniel, i. 25. 

Long, Rev. Joseph A. E., ii. 311. 

Long, , killed by Indians, vi. 236. 

Long, Nico, viii. 270. 

Long Island, iii. 98 ; vi. 13. Englishmen 
there killed by Indians, 178 ; x. 87, 89. 
Defended by Major Fitz-John Win- 
throp, 92, 182. 

Long Island Sound, x. 101. 

Long, Little, &c. Parliaments, account 
of MSS. Journals of, in the New York 
Historical Society's library, ii. 353. 

General Index. 


Long's Ordinary, Cliarlestown, iii. 1230. 

Longe, Ellyn, viii. 359. 
Longe, Robert, viii. 265, 307; x. 120. 
Looge, Elizabeth, viii. 205. 
Longe, Michell, ib. 

Longe, Sara, ib. 
iOnge, Eliza, ib. 

Longe, Ann, ib 

Longe, Mary 


Longe, Rebecca, ib. 

Longe, John, ib. 

Longe, Zacbery, viii. 12(53, 307. 

Longe, Joshua, viii. 265. 

Longe, Sarah, viii. 31)7. 

Longevity of Mashpee Indians, i. 150- 

Longfellow, Professor, x. 187. 

Looniis, Edward, viii. 261. 

Lord, Phebe, i. 156. 

Lord, Rev. Dr. Nathan, iii. 183, 184. 

Lord, Melvin, v. '207; vi. 207. 

Lord, Thomas, viii. 262. 

Lord, Dorothy, ib. 

Lord, Ann, ib. 

Lord, William, ib. 

Lord, John, ib. 

Lord, Robert, ib. 

Lord, Aymie, ib. 

Lord, Captain, viii. 326. 

Lord, , x. 89. 

"Lord North's Island," x. 222. 

Lord's Day, treatises concerning, viii. 204. 

Lord's Prayer, in the Shawanese language, 
v. 287. From Eliot's Bible, ii. 248. 

Lords of Trade direct a meeting of com- 
missioners from several of the colonies, 
v. 6, 10. 

" Lords Isle of Providence," iii. 102. 

Loring, John J., i. 275. 

Lotham, Capt., vi. 263. 

Lothrop, Isaac, i. 288. 

Lothrop, Thomas, ii. 90. 

Lothrop, Rev. Samuel K., iii. 188. 

Lothrop, Capt. Thomas, and others, killed 
at Deerfield, vi. 180 ; vii. 256, 260. 

Lothrop, Bethiah, vii. 256. 

Lothrop, Rev. John, vii. 300; viii. 240. 

Lothropp, , vii. 270. 

Lotriell, , vi. 256. 

Lou-ey, Peter Joseph, Indian, ix. 06. 

Louis XIII., ii. 17. Confirms the edict 
of Nantes, 18. Distresses the Protes- 
tants, 18, 40, 56. 

Louis XIV., ii. 16, 18, 10, 25. 

Louis XV., ii. 36. 

Louis XVL, ii. 37. 

Louisburg expedition, ix. 183. 

Love, [Christopher], i. 180. 

Lovelace, Lord, Gov. of New York, ii. 330. 

Lovelace, Francis, Gov. of New York, 
letters to J. Winthrop, Jr., x. 70, 80, 
86. Answer, 82; iii. 314. 

Lovell, , iii. 101 ; v. 256. 

Loveringe, , i. 62. 

VOL. X. 40 



Lovett, Charles W ., si. 299. 
Lovett, John, Ben., rii. 253. 
Lovett, John, Jr., is. 

Lovett, Alary, \ ii. -J i. 

Low, Gen., i. 296; ii. :567. 

Lowder, Richard, l. 264. 
Lowe, , ii. 339. 

Lowe. Dorothie, viii, 27:5. 
Lowell, John, i. 288. 

Lowell, Rev. Dr. Charles, 1.288.292,2 'I 

iii. 41)5; v. 296. Acknowledgment of 

donations to Massachusetts Historical 

Society, v. 201 ; vi. 294. 
Lowell, Judge, ii. 51), 2-7, 288 ; in. 192. 
Lowell, Rev. Dr. John, his biographical 

notice of Dudley A. Tvng, LL. D., ii. 

2-0, 366; iii. 406; vi. 296. 
Lowell, Abigail, ii. 207. 

Lowell, Capt. , v. 100. 

Lowell, Charles R., v. 207. 

Lowrey, , i. 82. 

Lowthropp, Thomas, i. 45. 

Luddington, Christian, viii. 255. 

Ludkin, Aaron, i. 252-255. 

Ludkin, Deacon, i. 258. 

Ludlow, [General], i. 61. 

Ludlow, Roger, iii. 08, 138, 148, 161 -163. 

Deputy-Governor, 370. 

Ludlow, , viii. 302. 

Ludlow, , ix. 301. 

Luff, Bridget, vii. 256. 

Lufkin, , viii. 300. 

Lummus, Edward, viii. 250. 

Lunt, Rev. William P., viii. 4. 

I, upton, Christopher, x. 86. 

Lusher, Eleazer, i. 30, 51. 

Luson, Sir Richard, iii. 52. 

Luther, Calvin, and Beza's pictures, by 

procurement of the Jesuits, cast into a 

pit with fire, i. 241. 

Lutteridge, , v. 22. 

Luxon, Capt. George, iii. 220, 232. 
Lydius, Col., v. 08. 

Lyford, , vii. 254. 

Lyman, Hon. Theodore, Jr., i. 288. 
Lyman, Caleb, vi. 258. 
Lyman, Mrs. Lucretia, vi. 208. 

Lynch, , of South Carolina, v. 87. 

Lynch, Head, vii. 86. 
Lynde, Joseph, iv. 280. 
Lynde, Simon, vii. 162. 

Lynde, , ix. 124. 

Lyndes, Joseph, i. 255. 

Lyndeborougn, N. II., its churches and 

ministers, iii. 184 ; iv. 203. 
Lyne, Mary, viii. 269. 

Lyng, , ix. 295. 

Lynn, iii. 322; iv. 88, 200. 

Lyon, William, viii. 272. 

Lyson's Magna Britannia, extract from, 

viii. 315. 

Lysons, , viii. 302. 

Lyvermore, John, x. 14:*. 


General Index. 


Macauley, Mrs., i. 185. Her History of 
England, quoted, ii. 334. 

Macclintock, Rev. Samuel, ii. 304. 

Mace, Samuel, sent to Virginia by Sir 
Walter Raleigh, viii. 94. 

MacFarland, Rev. Asa, D. D., i. 154. 

MacGregory, Lieut.-Col., i. 85. 

Machan, , discovers Madeira, iii. 358. 

Mackerel Cove, Beverly, vii. 251. 

Mackerty, Thaddeus, i. 84. 

Mackintosh, Sir James, ix. 79. 

Maclaine, Dr., his translation of Mosheim's 
Eccles. Hist, referred to, ii. 46. 

Macquoit, in Casco Bay, vi. 224, 227. 

Macy, Obed, v. 294. 

Madaumbis, vi. 235. 

Maddox, Jo., viii. 353. 

Madeira discovered, iii. 358, 359. 

Madoc, Prince of North Wales, iii. 358. 

Madockawando, i. 105; vi. 226, 228, 235; 
vii. 180 ; ix. 83. 

Magellan, Ferdinand, iii. 52, 361, 362; 
vi. 107. 

Magin, Teady, v. 55. 

" Magisterium of coral," x. 22. 

Magistrates and others, charges for diet at 
several courts in 1643, i. 16-20. 

Magna Charta, viii. 310. 

Magnalia, Mather's, quoted, ii. 62. 

Magnetical cure of agues, x. 17, 18. 

Magnuson, Finn, v. 300. 

Magus, a praying Indian, iv. 252. 

Maiden, , i. 236. 

Maidston, John, i. 183 ; x. 38. His letter 
to John Winthrop, Jr., giving an ac- 
count of the civil war and character of 
Oliver Cromwell, 185. Errors in the 
copy in Thurloe's State Papers correct- 
ed, 185. 

Maidstone, Robert, x. 165. 

Maillet, Jean, ii. 60. 

Maillet, , vii. 92. 

Main, Rev. Amos, ii. 313. 

Maine, John, his petition, vii. 176. 

Maine, Province of, Indian barbarities 
there, i. 101-111, 113; iii. 99, 343, 
348, 352, 371, 391. Patent of, grant- 
ed to Sir Ferdinando Gorges, vi. 83. 
Form of Government, ib. Officers, 84. 
Wars in , 203 - 279. Sullivan's History 
of, referred to, vii. 24. Purchased by 
Massachusetts, 169. Designs of the 
French in relation to, 227. 

Maine's Point, vii. 176. 

MainfFort, John, i. 27. 

Malcom, Rev. Mr., v. 234. 

Maiden, iii. 325 ; iv. 290 ; vi. 255. Church, 
iii. 386 ; vii. 297. 

Malebranche, quoted, x. 197. 

Malherbe, , ix. 30. 

Malesherbes and Lafayette make efforts to 
relieve the Protestants of France, ii. 40, 

Mallacar, iii. 316. 

Malthus on population, ix. 6. 

Malthus, , ix. 255. 

Mamoho, Indian sachem, i. 161. 

Man, William, i. 4. 

Man, Edw., x. 141. 

Manadaes, or Manahanent, discovery of, 

called by the Dutch New Netherlands, 

iii. 313. 
Manchester, Earl of, i. 53. 
Mandivel, Sir John, dies, iii. 359. 
Manida, or Maneddo, Indian, carried to 

England, vi. 50 ; viii. 145, 157. 
Manifold, Jo., viii. 270. 
Manigault, Gabriel, of South Carolina, 

ii. 36, 55, 57. 
Manigault, Peter, ii. 56. 
Manigault, Judith, ib. , 
Maning, George, i. 27. 
Mannakin, a town on James River, ii. 57. 
Manning, Capt., i. 85. 
Mansfield, Isaac, Esq., i. 298; iv. 295. 
Mansfield, Jo., viii. 259. 
Mansfield, Lord, ix. 2. 
Manson, Thomazin, viii. 267. 
Manufactures in England, improvements 

in, owing to French refugees, ii. 47. 
Manuscript of Rev. Matthias Candler in 
• the British Museum, x. 147. 
Map of New England, Capt. Smith's, iii. 1 . 
Mapes, John, x. 143. 
Maquis, Indians, i. 108, 110, 111, or Ma- 

quas, vi. 210, 233, or Maquees, viii. 334, 

or Maquases, x. 79. 
Maquoite, i. 102. 

Marble harbour, now Marblehead, iii. 37. 
Marblehead, iii. 37, 75, 323 ; iv. 291 ; v. 177. 

Formerly a part of Salem, vii. 249. 
Marbois, Barbe, i. 291. 

Marcel, , ii. 9. 

March, Martha, ii. 297. 

March, Col. John, of Newbury, v. 189-196. 

March, Capt., v. 190. 

March, Capt., vi. 227, 238. 

March, Sergeant, and others, killed, vi. 

March, Lieut., vi. 275. 
Marechites, ix. 92. 

Marie, , vii. 92. 

Mariner's compass invented, iii. 358. 
Marion, Col. Francis, ii. 56, 57. 

Marion, , ii. 57. 

Marlborough, iv. 290. Burnt by Indians, 

vi. 183. 
Marlborough, Duke of, v. 203, 206. 
Marot, Clement, ii. 4. 
Marriage, bond given for license of, in 

1686-87, vii. 170. 
Marriages in Massachusetts solemnized 

by magistrates, ii. 270; iii. 94. In 

France, not celebrated by Romish priests, 

declared concubinage, ii. 36. 
Marsh, Ebenezer G., i. 291. 
Marsh, John, vii. 178. 
Marshal, Capt., vi. 181. Killed, 182. 

General Index. 




Marshall, Bon. Join., i. 391 j vi, 294. 

His Lift of Washington referred to, iz. 

Marshall, Stephen, iv. 30, 35. 
Marshall, Hub art, v. 23. 
Marshall, Henry, Postmaster, vii. 85. 
Marshall, Francis, viii. 252. 
Marshall, William, viii. 266. 
Marshall, Thomas, viii. 270. 
Marshall, Jo., viii. 272. 
Marshall, Ssmuel, viii. 274. 

Marshall, William, x. 135. 

Marston, Manasseh. i\ , 289. 
Kartell, , i. 62. 

Marten, Sir Henry, viii. 2-16. 

Marten, Henry, ID. 

Maltha's Vineyard, iii. 100, 316; iv. 76, 
81. Indians of, 107, 125, 184-194,207; 
vi. 13. So Darned by Cant. Gosnold, 
viii. 75, 76. 

Martin, , ii. 26. 

Martin, Jonathan, ii. 297. 

Martin, , iii. 81 , 

Martin, Marie, viii. 256. 

Martin, Richard, viii. 258. 

Martin, Salomon, viii. 270. 

Martin, Capt., ix. 298. 

Martin, , x. 104. 

Martin's Vineyard. See Martha's Vine- 

Martyn, Richard, i. 88. 

Martyr, Justin, ii. 4. 

Marvyn, Mathew, viii. 261. 

Marvyn, Elizabeth, ib. 

Marvyn, Marie, ib. 

Marvyn, Sara, ib. 

Marvyn. Hanna, ib. 

Mary, Queen of England, iii. 363. 

Maryland, ii. 33!); iii. 100; v. 15; ix. 192. 

Masberosqueck, iii. 22; vi. 107. 

Msshpee Indians, longevity of, i. 150- 152. 

Mason, Robert, grandson of Capt John 
Mason, claims the land between Naum- 
keag and Merrimac Rivers, i. 72. Per- 
mitted to prosecute bis right, 73. Letter 
from Charles II. to Massachusetts, in 
relation to, 72 ; vii. 265, 267. 

Mason, Major John, of Connecticut, i. 
170; iii. 136, 146, 148, 158; vi. 11-36, 
157, 159, 162, 175, 176; ix. 268, 271, 
278,279,282,287; x. 177. 

Mason, Hon. Jeremiah, i. 291. 

Mason, Capt. John, iii. 341 ; vi. 78, 83. 

Mason, Dr. John, of Bangor, v. 293. 

Mason, Capt., vi. 161. 

Mason, Major, of Connecticut, vi. 254. 

Mason, Ralph, viii. 268. 

Mason, Anne, ib. 

Mason, Richard, ib. 

Mason, Samuel, ib. 

Mason, Susan, ib. 

Mason, Em., viii. 275. 

Mason, , viii. 309. 

Mason, Hugh, x. 143. 

Mas,,.., Hester, \. 143. 

Mason and Gorges's li.L'ht to the govern' 

in. in of Maine confirmed, viii. *39. 
Massachusetts, hounds, ii. ',167 ; in. 22, 

iii s ; \ iii. '.V.\ 1 I >. bci i|>lmn "I', in. 

34 State of the country, 101. Rob- 
ert Gorge begins ■•• plantation in, 375 
Arrival of Gov. \\ inthrop at, 32o, 976. 
Its boundaries, 327. By charter extends 
to the South Sea, v. 64 ; vi. I I, 108. 
Capt. John Smith's description of, 118. 
Purchased from the Plymouth Company 

in England, viii 200. Patent ami gov- 
ernment oi the Company in England 
transferred to, 201. J las eight towns 
in 1634, ib. 

Massachusetts Colony, Governor and As- 
sistants addressed by inhabitants of 

Providence, complaining of Samuel 
Gorton and his company, i. 2 Its 
General Court pass a vote of thanks to 
Richard Andrewes, 23. Mr. Welde 
bound in behalf of, to Mr. Sherley, in 
£110, 26. The widow of Mons. 
d'Aulney sends to, desiring the same 
good intelligence between Massachu- 
setts and Acadie as in the time of Mons. 
d'Aunay, 28. Report of committee in 
the case of Marmaduko Matthewes, 30. 
Council send a copy of Nathaniel IJris- 
coe's letter, containing reflections upon 
the Parliament of England to the Speak- 
er, 35. Council send a letter to Sir 
Henry Vane, in answer to bis letter in 
behalf of Mr. William Pincheon, ib. 
General Court, petition of several of 
Woburn church and inhabitants to, 38 - 
45. Apology of Michael Powell, 45. 
Letter of Peter Bulkeley to Gov. Endi- 
cott and Dep.-Gov. Bellingham, in be- 
half of Mrs. Flint, 47. Motion pro- 
pounded in the [General] Court, in be- 
half of Mrs. Novvell, ib. Report of a 
committee of the General Court, con- 
cerning the maintenance of the min- 
isters in the county of Suffolk, 49. 
Charles II. promises to protect and de- 
fend the liberties formerly granted to, 52. 
Charles II. proclaimed in, 53. Council 
make proclamation as to the concealing 
of Col. Whalley and Goffe, and cause 
the Secretary to write to the Governor 
of New Haven in relation to their ap- 
prehension, 52. [General] Court to ex- 
amine petitioners in 1666, and depute 
some person to implead them, 60. 
Count Frontenac sends a messenger to 
procure the liberty of Monsieur Cham- 
Die, Governor of" Acadia, 65. Letter 
from Charles H. to, in relation to Rob- 
ert Mason's claim, 72. Opposed Robert 
Mason "in the prosecution of his right," 
ib. Directed to admit him to prosecute, 
73. Messengers disclaim title to lands 
claimed by Robert Mason. 72. Charter 


General Index. 

of, arguments against relinquishing, 74. 
Governor and Council, letter from Major 
Robert Pike, with account of attack by 
Indians upon Cocheca, and answer, 89. 
Advise Richard Martyn and others of 
New Hampshire to adopt some form of 
government, 90. Not willing to exer- 
cise authority in New Hampshire, ib. 
Governor and Council, letter from Ma- 
jor Benjamin Church, 91. Charter ille- 
gally wrested from, in 1683, 96. Gov- 
ernor and Council of, appoint commis- 
sioners to treat with the Eastern In- 
dians, 112. Governor and Council, com- 
plaint to, of Gov. de Meneual against 
Gov. Phips, 114. Governor and Coun- 
cil, their proposals to and from Capt. 
Kid and Capt. Walkington, &c, 122, 
123. General Court grant liberty to 
expelled Protestants of Rochelle to in- 
habit in, ii. 27. Capital laws, 126. Ac- 
count of first settlers of, iii. 8. Church 
Government, 55. Government of the 
" Commonweale," 81. Governor, how 
chosen, 82. Book of Common Prayer 
prohibited in, 376. Money and cloth- 
ing wanted in, 101. Magistrates, in 
1641, 94. Send messengers to Pascat- 
aqua, 106. Instructions to John Win- 
throp, Governor of Connecticut, to treat 
with the Pequots, 129. Government 
of, 328, 329. Laws, 329. Military, ib. 
Take possession of the province of 
Maine, 343, 384. General Court con- 
demn the opinions and errors of Mrs. 
Hutchinson, 380. Body of laws print- 
ed, 385. Required to restore the prov- 
ince of Maine to F. Gorges, 391. Gen- 
eral Court's order concerning the In- 
dians, iv. 48. Send forces against the 
Pequots, vi.4, 162. Complaints against, 
82. Send forces against the Indians, 
187, 202, 209, 215, 224. Assist Uncas, 
191. Charter of, enlarged and confirmed, 
80. Governor and Council's letters 
to and from D'Aulney,vii.91,&c. Gov- 
ernor and Council, letters to and from 
Madame d'Aulney and Mons. de St. 
Mas, 1 14 - 117. Purchase the Province 
of Maine, 169. Order for preserving the 
records of, vii. 162; viii. 180. "Laws 
and Liberties printed, 1649, 1660, and 
1672, 196. Hon. F. C. Gray's remarks 
on the early laws of, with the Body of 
Liberties adopted in 1641, 191-237. 
Legislature of, occasion of division into 
two branches, 204. Controversy with 
Mason and Gorges, respecting govern- 
ment of Maine decided, boundaries, 240, 
241. Legacy of Isaac Johnson to, 245. 
Slandered by Sir Christopher Gardiner, 
321 ; and others, 323. Account of, in 
1632, 322. Sir F. Gorges endeavours 
to subvert the government of, 323. Mil- 
itary forces and fortifications in 1680, 

333, 334. Principal towns of, 335. 
Churches, 335, 340. Rivers, trade, 
merchants, vessels, 335. Ships of, taken 
by Algerines, 338. Liberties confirmed 
by Charles II., 339. Reduced by In- 
dian war, ib. Religion of, and church 
discipline, 339, 340. Number of set- 
tlers from 1628-1643, ix. 178, 183, 199, 
202. Representatives to General Court 
of, first chosen, 203, 204, 211. Crew 
of trading bark of, killed by Pequots, 

213. Decline a union with Plymouth, 

214. Severity of government of, 244. 
Preached against, at Paul's Cross, 253. 
Unjustly complained against, 260. Gen- 
eral Court send vessels of war to Con- 
necticut, x. 97, 100, 101. Inhabitants 
of Southampton send their declaration 
to, in 1673, 86. Ship belonging to, 
plundered at Jamaica, 102, 172. Letter 
to Governor and Council of, from Gov- 
ernor and Council of Connecticut, 63. 
Answer, 97, 100, 101. 

Massachusetts, Province of, petition of 
ministers to Governor and Council, for 
sending the Gospel to Eastern Indians, 
i. 133. Lawsuits against, by Mrs. 
Watts, 145, 146. Jeremiah Dummer, 
agent's letter, 139. Sustains a great loss 
by the death of Sir William Ashurst, 
"a hearty lover of our civil and relig- 
ious liberties," &c, 146. Send an army 
to Port Royal, v. 189. Send Commis- 
sioners to Congress in Albany, in 1754, 
9. Trouble in, by contraband trade 
with the French, vi. 276. Post-Offices 
in, taken charge of by Provincial Con- 
gress, vii. 89. Number of votes for 
Magistrates in 1692, x. 120. 

Massachusetts, Commonwealth of, Legis- 
lature contribute largely to the publica- 
tion of Hubbard's History of New Eng- 
land, Winthrop's History, and to the 
copying, &c, of Plymouth Colony Rec- 
ords, i. 296; ii. 258; iii. 405, 406; v. 
293, 294, 298 ; vi. 297, 298; vii. 23, 295. 
Statutes of, revised, x. 216. 

Massachusetts Archives, documents from, 
relating to the post-office, vii. 48. 

Massachusetts Bay, islands in, iii. 317. 

Massachusetts General Hospital, formed, 
i. 208. 

Massachusetts Historical Society, account 
of, by Rev. Dr. Jenks, vii. 4. Alpha- 
betical lists of its members, i. 287; iii. 
408; v. 299; vii. 25. Members elected 
since 1824, iii. 408. Laws and regula- 
tions, iv. 331. Alphabetical list of res- 
ident members, v. 299 ; viii. 4 ; ix. 304. 
Corresponding members elected since 
1824, v. 300 ; vii. 26. List of por- 
traits in the Hall of, vii. 285. Errors 
in its printed collections corrected, 296 ; 
x. 127. Members visit Elizabeth Isl- 
ands, the place of Gosnold's settlement 

General Index, 


ho 1609, viii. 70. Officers, i. 993; vi. 
1; vii. 4; viii. 4; ix. 303 J x. at the 

end. Donations to, i. 296 j ii. 366; 

iii. 404 ; vi. 294 i vii. 292. Dis- 
course of Hon. John (■■ Palfrey be- 
fore, ix. 105. Origin of the Society, 
165. First associates, 166, 167. Ob- 
jects of, 107. First meetings, ib. Pub- 
lications, 169. Discourse 01 Hon. John 
(luincy Adams, i\. 189. Members re- 
cently elected, x. b J:>(>. 

Massachusetts Horticultural Society, v. 

Massachusetts Humane Society, ii. 106. 

Massachusetts Indians, i. 150 ; iii. 204 ; 
iv. 1 ; vi. 107. 

Massachusetts (or Natick) Indian lan- 
guage, Vocabulary of, &C, ii. 147-257. 

Massachusit, .Mountain of, vi. 120. 

Massacre in Virginia, iii. 13. 

Massacre of the Protestants on St. Bar- 
tholomew's day, account of, a subject of 
joy at Rome, ii. 13. 

Massasoit, Sachem at Mount Hope, now 
Bristol, a friend to the English, vi. 176; 
ix. 212. 

Massey, , i. 32. 

Masters, Rev. — — , v. 109. 

Mather, Rev. S; 

il, i. 46. 

Mather, Rev. Richard, i. 50,79; iii. 93, 

106, 370; iv. 56, 225. 
Mather, Rev. Dr. Increase, i. 119, 120, 

126- 134, 256 ; ii 6<) ; v. 182, 185, 189, 

106, 205, 215; vi. 274; vii. 290; viii. 

Mather, Cotton, i. 120, 134; ii. 62; v. 

185, 186, 189, 196, 215, 227; vi. 190; 

vii. 6; viii. 249,276; ix. 43, 44, 53, 122, 

17:?, 182. His letter to Hon. John 

Baffin, i. 137. 
Mather, Rev. Samuel, ii. 272; v. 230. 
Mather, Henry, x. 139. 
Mather's Majrnalia, v. 207; viii. 250; x. 

157, 161, 163, 165. 
Mathews, Marmaduke, i. 29, 31 ; viii. 250. 

Mathews, Rev. , iii. 96. 

Mathews, Mathew, viii. 250. 

Matignon, Rev. Dr. Francis A., ii. 64. 

Matinnack, rock of, vi. 120. 

Matoonas, vi. 169. 

Mattahunt, iii. 22. 

Mattahunts, Isles of, vi. 107, 118. 

Matthewes, Marmaduke, his defence, i. 

29. Petition, 31. 

Matthews, , vii. 299. 

Mattoon, Gen. Ebenezer, his letter to 

President Quincy, vi. 283. 
Mauchage, or Oxford, ii. 59. 
Maucompus, Indian giant, v. 207. # 
Maud, Rev. Daniel, ii. 307, 308; viii 

Maudsley, Henry, viii. 271. 
Mnuduit, Rev. Mr., v. 199. 
Maulder, Febe, viii. 270. 
Mauquawogs, ix. 272, 273. 

Maverick, Samuel, Eaq., appointed one of 

the commissioners to examine differen- 
ce! iii New England, i 219; iii. 220, 
230,231, :\~7, 391 . rii. 119, 127. 
.Maverick, Elias, i. 267, 261, 264. 

Maverick, Rev. , iii. 377. 

Maverick, John, viii. 217. 
.Maverick, Radford, viii 309. 

Maverick, , x. 171. 

Maxwell, , drowned, v. 1 83. 

May, Col. Joseph, i. 299. 
May, Henry, iii. 368. 

May, Rev. 8. J., vii. 296. 

May, Cant. John, viii. 270. 

May, or St. Augustine, river of, ii. 7. 

Maybeee, « , v. 116. 

Mavdestone, Mr., or Maidston, i. 183. 

Mayhcw, Rev. , minister of the 

new church in Boston, i. 50. 

Mayhew, Rev. , ii. 04. 

Mayhew, Dr. , ii. 95; v. 261 , 

Mayhew, Thomas, iii. 316; iv. 61 ; viii. 
247; x. 169. 

Mayhew, Thomas, Jr., iii. 365 ; iv. 76. 
His letter to Edward Winslow, 77. 
Preaches to the Indians, 81, 98, 107. 
His letter to Rev. Henry Whitfield, 
100-118, 122, 125, 128, 132, 143,176, 
185, 191, 194. Letter to the Corpora- 
tion for promoting the Gospel among 
the Indians, 201. And Rev. J. Eliot, 
their Further Narrative of the Progress 
of the Gospel amongst the Indians in 
New England, 197, 231, 244, 276; vii. 22. 

Mayhew, Ann, x. 169. 

Mayhew, John, ib. 

Mayhue, Thomas, vii. 2-16. 

Maynard, Rev. , ii. 49. 

Mayo, John, ii. 34. 

Mayo's Hill, or Fort Hill, ii. 34, 80. 

Mazarine, Cardinal, ii. 19, 339. 

Mazyck, , ii. 57. 

McAllaster, James, i. 275, 278. 

M'Allister, Alexander, vi. 143. His wife 
killed, 144. 

McCall, Major Hugh, i. 291. 

M'Clelland, Mary, vi. 141. 

M'Clelland, William, vi. 152. 

McClure, Rev. David, i. 291 ; ii. 316. 

McCrillis, John, ii. 295. 

McCrillis, Abigail, ii. 206. 

McDuffee, Widow, ii. 205. 

M'Farland, Rev. Dr. Asa, iii. 186. 

McGillivray, , v. 160-171. 

Mclntire, , v. 174. 

McKean, Rev. Joseph, i. 286, 2' '2, 293, 

McKean, Rev. Dr., vii. 22 ; ix. 170. 

McKean, Professor, vii. 275 

McKee, Col., v. 157, 158, 15'.). 

McKee, Alexander, v. 286. 

McKeen, William, ii. 206. 

McKim, John, i. 27:?. 

McLeod affair, x. 216. 

McSparran, Rev., ii. 70, 71, 72. 


General Index. 

-, ii. 346. 

Meade, Rev. - 

Meador, Nathaniel, vi. 254. 

Meaker, Robert, vii. 245. 

Mearne, Anne, viii. 284. 

Mearne, Samuel, ib. 

Mears, James, ii. 62. 

Mease, Dr. James, description of Ameri- 
can medals by, iv. 297 ; v. 300. His 
letter to Mass. Hist. Soc, v. 101, 102, 
104, 293 ; vii. 282. 

Mecadacut, iii. 22, or Meccadacut, vi. 107, 

Medals, American, description of, iv. 297 
vi. 286. 

Medefield, or Dedham village, iv. 178. 

Medfield, allow their minister, Mr. Wil- 
son, £50 per annum, i. 50 j iv. 290; x. 

Medford, iii. 321 ; iv. 291. 

Medicines recommended, x. 16, 17, 18. 

Medicines and advice requested of J. 
Winthrop, Jr., ix. 293, 296, 298. Fur- 
nished by him, x. 21, 22, 37, 59, 67, 77, 

Meiksah, Indian sachem, x. 10. 

Mellen, John, i. 288. 

Mellen, Rev. John, ii. 97. 

Mellen, Rev. John, Jr., vii. 17. 

Mellen, Rev. , of Barnstable, vii. 


Mellichamp, — , ii. 57. 

Meloon, Rachel, ii. 295. 

Memoirs of the Pilgrims at Leyden, ix. 42. 

Menan, Bay of, viii 123. 

Menavvormet, Indian sagamore, viii. 170, 

Mendon, iv. 290. Burnt by the Indians, 
vi. 182. 

Menis, vi. 256. 

Mepdam, John, x. 88. 

Mercer, Judge, ii. 285. 

Mercer, Luce, viii. 270. 

" Merchant Adventurers " of England as- 
sist Plymouth settlers, ix. 60. 

Merchants petition General Court, 1677, 
vii. 49. 

" Mercurius Americanus," by JohnWheel- 
wright, Jr., referred to, viii. 286. 

Mercury, conjunction of, with the sun, 
Oct. 25, 1664, x. 47. 

Mere, Robert, viii. 266 ; x. 130. 

Mere, Samuel, ib. 

Mermaid, iii. 372. 

Mermak. See Merrimack. 

Merriam, Hannah, ii. 297. 

Merriam, Rev. Jonas, ii. 316. 

Merrill, James C, i. 288, 294 ; ix. 125. 
His Memoir of James Bowdoin, 224. 

Merrill, Rev. Giles, ii. 310. 

Merrill, Benjamin, v. 299. 

Merrimac River, i. 86, or Monumach, 
iii. 324; iv. 123; v. 49; vi. 83. And 
Naumkeag River, land between, claimed 
by Mason's heirs, vii. 265. Falls of, 
iv. 81. 

Merrimack, New Hampshire, its church- 
es and ministers, iii. 185. 

Merry-meeting [Bay], vi. 204. 

Mesambomett, Indian chief, vi. 247. 

Mesandowit, Indian sagamore, betrays 
Capt. Waldron, vi. 207. 

Messengers on public service, order con- 
cerning, vii. 49. 

Messer, Sarah, i. 158. 

Mestrezat, , ii. 26. 

Metcalf, E. W., ii. 368. 

Metcalf, Thomas, iv. 290. 

Metinicus, vi. 120. 

Metz, Henry, v. 163. 

Mevis. See Nevis. 

Meyer, , ii. 343. 

Mezeray, ii. 7, 10. His Chronological 
History of France quoted, 11, 16. 

Miami Rapids, Indian nations assemble 
there, v. 129, 165, 167. 

Mian, , ii. 53. 

Miantunnomu, sachem of the Narragan- 
sets, keeps his court at Roger Williams's 
house, i. 159. Place of rendezvous, 160. 
And Canonicus, their defence as to 
breach of league with Massachusetts, 
&c, 162-164. Complains of the Eng- 
lish, 163, 164, 165. And Canonicus, 
desire Roger Williams to dwell near to 
them, 165. Being accused, Roger Wil- 
liams writes in his defence to Gov. 
Winthrop, 166, 170. Denounces war 
against Juanemo, 170, 174. Gives 
names of Pequot sachems and mur- 
derers of the English, 175. Or Mian- 
tinomy, taken prisoner and put to 
death, 210, 229. Nephew of Cono- 
nocus, employed by him in warlike 
affairs as his general, 210. Or Mian- 
tunnomoh, iii. 135, 151, 153, 154, 161 - 
164. Or Miantinomo, vi. 157. Head 
sachem of the Narragansets, 173. Or 
Miantonomy, ix. 210. Summoned to 
Boston, 214. Attacks Uncas, is defeat- 
ed and put to death, 215, 299, 300, 301. 
Or Miantonomoh, x. 179, 180. 

Michau, , ii. 57. 

Michell [or Mitchel], , iii. 144. 

Michigan Historical Society, iii. 406. 

Mico, , v. 203, 

Mico, , vii. 219. 

Microscope, improved construction of, v. 

Middlecott, Richard, ix. 124. 

Middlesex County, iii. 325. 

Milburne, Mr., writes to J. Winthrop, Jr., 
about observing an eclipse, i. 243. 

Mildmay, Sir Henry, ii. 356. 

Mildmay, Sir Humphrey, iii. 35. 

Mildmay, Sir William, viii. 297. 

Mildmay, Alice, viii. 315. 

Mildmay, Henry, ib. 

Mildmay, Sir Thomas, ib. 

Mildmay, Alice, ib. 

Mildmay, William, ib. 

General Index. 


Mildmay, Sir llenrv, viii. 315. 

Mildmay, Lady, x. 151. 

Mildmay, Thomas, Hi. 

Mildmay, William, ib. 

Mildmay, Sir Henry, ib. 

Mildmay, Henry, verses made by Adam 

Wmthrop at the l>irth of, x. 152. 
Mildmaye, William, viii. 297. 
Mildmaye, Thomas, ib. 
Mildmaye, Alice, ib. 
Allies, Rev. II A., vi. 298. 

JMiles, Krv. Samuel, vii. 196. 

Milford, town of, ordered to be searched 
lor Messrs. Whalley and Golfe, vii. 124. 

Military companies in Massachusetts in 
1680; viii. 333. 

Mill at Oxford, ii. 66. 

Miller, Phineas, i. 291. 

Miller, Rev. Dr. Samuel, ///. 

Miller, Rev. , iii. 93. 

.Miller, Robert, vi. 130, 136. 

Miller, John, viii. 248. 

Miller, Joseph, viii. 272. 

Millet, Thomas, viii. 253 ; x. 129. 

Millet, Marie, ib. 

Millet, Jean, ii. 60. 

Milleton, Jean, ii. 63. 

Milling, John, ix. 66. 

Milling, Robert, ib. 

Milner, Michel 1, viii. 270. 

MilrJmore, Rev. James, ii. 307. 

Milton, Massachusetts, iii. 206; iv. 291. 

Milton, John, ii. 350; viii. 243; x. 4. 

Mines, gold, silver, and copper, in North 
Florida and the inland main of Virgin- 
ia, viii. 121-123. In the Bay of Me- 
nan, 123. 

Ministers of Suffolk County, report of 
committee concerning their mainte- 
nance, i. 49. 

Ministers, in 1680, advise the General 
Court, i. 78. 

Ministers of Boston, their address to the 
Duke of Newcastle, ii. 271. 

Ministers of Massachusetts in 1641, iii. 93. 

Ministers, maintenance of, in Massachu- 
setts, iii. 331 ; viii. 340. 

Ministers, eleven, arrive in New England 
in 1635, iii. 379. In Plymouth, 383. 
Educated in New England'prior to 1643, 

Ministers of New England complained of, 
vii. 155. 

Ministers in Old England, letter to their 
brethren in New England, viii. 285. 

Minn, John, i. 82. 

Minot, Capt. George, i. 85. 

Minot, George Richards, i. 283, 292, 293; 
v. 262; vii. 9, 11, 17; ix. 170. His 
continuation of the Hist, of Mass. re- 
ferred to, v. 5. 

Minot, Hon. William, vi. 299. 

Minter, John, vi. 134. 

Mirviele, , x. 109. 

Missionaries to the Indians, v. 99. 

Mississippi River, Spaniards erect a forti- 
fication on the east lids of, v. 172. 

Mistick, iii. 1522. River, 320. Indian';, 
iv. 88. 

Mitchel, lliv. f Jonathan], minister of 

Cambridge, i. 7!t ; iii. 143, 304. 

Mitchel, , killed by the Indians, 

iii. 143. 

Mitchel. , iii. 147. 

Mitchell, Hon. Nairn..., i. 288 
Mitchell, Dr. Samuel I,., ,. 291. 
Mitchell, Rev. Daniel, n. 31 I. 

Mitchell, N., v. 294, 296, 297. 

Mitchell, Thomas, vi. 872. 

Mitchell, William, ix. (>6. 

Mittaiiliscut, i. 71. Indians there, Aaway- 
sewaukit their sachem, ib, 

Mittin, , iii. 228. 

Miuskillamize, an Indian, vi. 144. 

Mixer, Isaac, x. 141. 

Mixer, Sarah, ib. 

Mixer, Isaac, x. 142. 

"Model of Christian Charity," by Gov. 
Winthrop, vii. 31. 

Modiford, Sir Thomas, x. 102. 

Modye [Moody?], Lady, ix. 231. 

Moerenbout, T. A., vii. 26. 

Mohawk River, v. 116, 119, 120. 

Mohawk town, v. 117. 

Mohawks, i. 151. Enemies to other In- 
dians, iii. 309; v. 19, 21, 25. Desire 
to have a church, 34, 38, 53, 60. Min- 
ister, 95. Pequots killed by, vi. 40 ; x. 

Mohegan, iii. 347. 

Mohegan River, iii. 313, 391, 372, 373. 
Or Hudson's River, towns and forts on, 
taken, 391. 

Mohegan, or Monohegen, Indians, iv. 140 ; 
ix. 214; x. 111. Cruelty of Block-Isl- 
anders to, vi. 197, 254. Join the Eng- 
lish in the Pequot war, vi. 15, 35. Or 
Monhiggins, ix. 272, 280. 

Mohiganic River, i. 161. 

Molethrop, , x. 8, 9. 

Moline, , ix. 277. 

Molthrop, , ix. 297. 

Molyne, Isack, x. 108, 109, 110. 

Mommensteck, Indian sachem, vi. 10. 

Monacatoocha, v. 103. 

Monahiggan, Isle of, iii. 19. Capt. Smith 
arrives at, vi. 103, 120. 

Monanis, vi. 120. 

Monardes, , author of " The Joyful 

News from the West Indies," viii. 117- 

Monck, General, i. 195, 196; ii. 338, 353; 
x. 29, 31,38,41. 

Monck, George, innholder of Boston, vii. 

Monrquassun, Indian schoolmaster, iv. 
234, 237, 273. 

Money exceeding scarce in New Eng- 
land, vii. 220. 

Monnings, Edmund, viii. 266; x. 130. 


General Index. 

Monnings, Mary, viii. 266. 

Monnings, Anna, ib. 

Monnings, Michelaliel, viii. 266; x. 129. 

Monohegen. See Mohegan. 

Monongahela, house built at, v. 47. River, 

Monshonock, Indian name of Gardiner's 
Island, x. 178. 

Monson, Lord, ii. 356. 

Montague, General, iii. 388. 

Montaukett Indians, x. 178-183. 

Montel, , ii. 60. 

Montgomery, , i. 154. 

Montier, Jacques, ii. 60. 

Montinicus, iii. 347. 

Montmorency, Marshal de, ii. 14. 

Montmorency, Duke de, v. 300. 

Montour, Andrew, v. 46. 

Montreal, v. J 74. 

Mont- Vernon, New Hampshire, its church- 
es and ministers, iii. 185. 

Moodie, Sir Henry, x. 29. 

Moody, , ii. 285. 

Moody, Joshua, ii. 303. 

Moody, Samuel, ib. 

Moody, Mary, ib. 

Moody, Rev. John, ii. 319. 

Moody, Rev. Amos, ii. 320. 

Moody, Rev Samuel, of York, v. 190. 

Lines by, ix. 124. 
Moody, Capt, vi. 263. 
Moody, Capt. James, vii. 241. 
Moody, John, x. 170. 
Moody, George, ib. 

Moore, Jacob B., his Annals of Concord 
referred to, i. 154. Visits Samuel Welch, 
aged 1 12£ years, i . 158, 296. And Farm- 
er's Collections referred to, ii. 297. 
Moore, Rev. M., i. 295. 

Moore, , ii. 72. 

Moore, R., Governor of Bermudas, iii. 372. 

Moore, John, iv. 290. 

Moore, John, Jr., ib. 

Morant's History of Essex County, Eng., 

x. 151. 
Moray, Sir Robert, x. 114, 124-126. 
More, John, viii. 253. 
More, Jo., viii. 260. 
More, Isack, viii. 261. 
More, John, viii. 266. 
More, Elizabeth, ib. 
More, Richard, viii. 267. 
Moreau, Cesar, v. 300. 
Morecock, Nicholas, viii. 264. 
Morecock, Bennett, ib. 
Morecock, Marie, ib. 
Moreno, Manuel, iii. 408. 

Moreton, , viii. 323. 

Morgan, John, ii. 297. 

Morgan, Col. George his letter to General 

Washington, v. 286. 
Morgan, Robert, vii. 253, 256. 
Morgan, Col., Deputy-Governor of Ja- 
maica, x. 106. 
Morgan, Edward, x. 169. 

Morial, i. 109, 110, 111. 

Morice, Anne, x. 160. 

Morning Star, the title of a book, i. 239, 

Morrel, Rev. , iii. 375. 

Morrey, George, viii. 273. 

Morrice, Sir William, Secretary of State, 
i. 51, 52. Letter of Col. Temple to, 
viii. 325. 

Morril, Jacob, iv. 290. 

Morrill, Rev. Nathaniel, ii. 309. 

Morris, Isaac, viii. 254. 

Morris, Capt. Robert, letter to J. Win- 
throp, Jr., x. 70. 

Morrison, Rev. Dr. Robert, i. 291. 

Morrison, Elizabeth, viii. 254. 

Morse, Kezia, i. 157. 

Morse, Hazen, i. 274. 

Morse, Rev. Dr. Jedediah, i. 288, 293 ; 
ix. 171. Geography reviewed, vii. 23. 

Morse, Rev. Joseph, minister of Dorches- 
ter, ii. 71. 

Morse, Rev. Stephen, iii. 185. 

Morse, Samuel, viii. 261. 

Morse, Elizabeth, ib. 

Morse, Joseph, ib. 

Morse, Anthoney, viii. 319. 

Morse, William, ib. 

Mortimer, Cromwell, x. 122. 

Morton, J., i. 120. 

Morton, Rev. Charles, i. 134 ; ii. 60. 

Morton, Dr. , i. 146. 

Morton, Rev. Dr. , i. 238. 

Morton, , of Merrimount, taken 

prisoner, iii. 376. 

Morton, Nathaniel, vii. 7, 27. New Eng- 
land's Memorial referred to, vi. 157; ix. 
44, 46, 69. 
Morton, Rev. Charles, viii. 251. 

Morton, , viii. 299. 

Moms, , ii. 26. 

Mory, Jo., viii. 267. 
Mosely, Capt., i. 70 ; vi. 180, 181. 
Mosely, Capt. Samuel, x. 100, 101. 
Mosheim's Ecclesiastical History referred 

to, ii. 2. 
Moshoquen, iii. 22 ; vi. 107. 
Mosse, Joseph, x. 140. 
Motin, Jane, Widow of Mons. d'Aunay, 
deceased, her letter to the ; ' Governours 
and Magistrates," i. 28. See D'Aulney. 
Mott, Sara, viii. 268. 
Mott, Jo., ib. 

Mott, Adam, viii. 268 ; x. 155. 
Mott, Jonathan, viii. 268. 
Mott, Elizabeth, ib. 
Mott, Mary, ib. 
Mott, Thomas, x. 155. 
Mougrave, Lord of, vi. 83. 
Moulton, Sarah, i. 158. 
Mountague. See Montague. 
Mountains and hills in Maine and New 

Hampshire, iii. 345. 
Mountigue, Gen., x. 29. 
Mount Woollaston, now Braintree, iii. 75. 

General Index. 


Mourt's relation referred to, ix. 212. Notes 

to, written by Dr. Freeman, v. 2G7. 

Moussel, , ii. 60. 

Mouzon, , ii. 57. 

Mowhauogs, ix. 3D 1 . 

Moxon, George, viii. 2-18. 

Moxns, [ndiau sagamore, vi. 226, 228, 235, 

217, 24!). 
Muddy River, iii. 321. See Brookline. 
Mulberry trees in New England, ix. 245. 
Munnings George, x. 141, 142. 
Munnings, Elizabeth, x. 141. 
Munnings, Elizabeth, x. 142. 
Munnings, Abigail, ib. 
Munson, Susan, x. 141. 
Munnadoes [or Munhadoes], ix. 277. 
Munsell, Capt. Joseph, ix. 83, 89. 
Murray, Sir William, afterwards Lord 

Mansfield, i. 154. 
Murray, (or Moray), Sir Robert, x. 114. 
Muretus, Antony, ii. 45. 
Murrel, Sarah, vii. 262. 
Musgrave, Philip, vii. 84. 
Musgrove, Jabez, vi. 220. 
Mussell, John, viii. 256. 
Musselwhite, John, viii. 319. 
Muskett, Simon, viii. 253. 
Muskett, Bridget, x. 158. 
Muskingum, v. 164. 
Mussey, Widow, killed by Indians, vi. 

Mutton, Pilot, vii. 91. 
Myals, Samuel, vi. 278. 
Mydutonno [Miantonnomo ?], vi. 36. 

Myles, Deacon , x. 31. 

Myles, , x. 35. 

Myndell, John, viii. 261. 

Myoxeo, instructed by Hiacoomes, iv. Ill, 


Myrior, , x. 118. 

My rick, Capt , vi. 255. 


Nahant, iii. 322. 

Nahanticot, vi. 13. Indians, 7. 

Nahapassumkeck, vi. 108. 

Names of places in New England given 
by Charles, Prince of Wales, vi. 97, 99. 

Nancy, Robert, viii. 259. 

Napoleon Bonaparte, i. 204 ; ii. 42. 

Narrackomagog, vi. 246. 

Narraganset, or Nanhiganset, Country, 
history of, i. 209, 228 Sachems sub- 
mit themselves to the English govern- 
ment, 212. Charter procured by Mas- 
sachusetts for its government in 1643, 
il>. Another charter procured by Roger 
Williams, for the same land, both char- 
ters invalid, ib. Mortgaged to the Com- 
missioners of the United Colonies by 
the Narraganset Indians, for 600 fath- 
oms of wampompeage, 213. Which 
was afterwards paid by Major Atherton 

VOL. X. 41 

and his associates, and a new mortgage 
made to the m, and possession given tin in 

by the sachem, 214, By order of the Com- 
missioners of Charles II , called ''the 
King's Province, i. 219. Commissioners 
appointed to examine titles toj226. \\ ho 

report to the king, 2'J7. Included by 
the name of the King's Province of the 

Nanagansett in the commission of Jo- 
seph Dudley, President of New Eng- 
land, who took possession, established 
courts of judicature, and chose a com- 
mittee to examine Mr. Atherton's part- 
ners' title, &c., ib. Indians report that 
Uncas had received wampain for ransom 
of Miantonimo, but denied by Uncas, 
229. Land purchased at, by J. Win- 
throp, Jr., x. 28. 

Narraganset Country, surrendered by the 
Indians, ix. 28. 

Narraganset and Pequot Country, intru- 
sions of Rhode Island people into, iii. 

Narragansetts, x. 4, 111. Make war 
against the Montaukets, 180, 182, 183. 
Allies of King Philip, i. 67. Or Nahi- 
gonsiks, controversy about land, 71 ; iii. 
379; ix. 213, 214, 271, 278, 286, 289, 

Narraganset sachem, conference of Mr. 
Eliot with, iv. 61, 170. 

Narraganset, church built there, ii. 70. 
Otherwise called Kingtown, ib. 

Narraganset Bay, vi. 13. 

Narraganset Townships, Memoir of, by 
John Farmer, ii. 273. 

Narramore, Richard, vii. 185, 186. 

Nash, Jacob, iv. 291. 

Nash, Timothy, ib. 

Nash, Thomas, vii. 244. 

Nash, Timothy, x. 22. 

Nashaway, vi. 259. Sachem, iv. 125. 

Nashawog, iv. 81. 

Nasnecomacack, vi. 108. 

Nassaque, iii. 22; vi. 107. 

Nataous, or William, of Sudbury, Indian, 
iv. 232, 233. 

Natick, first Indian church there, ii. 59; 
iv. 177,222,270, 271. 

National Assembly in France, in 1792, 
declares itself hostile to all ministers 
who would not assist in establishing an 
atheistical system, ii. 42. 

Natombamet. See Watombamet, i. 112, 

Naumkeag, ii. 341. Or Naemkeck, iii. 
22,34; vi. 107, 118. 

Naumkeag, or Naumkeck, and Merrimack 
rivers, land between granted to John 
Mason, claimed by his grandson, Robert 
Mason, i. 72; vii. 265. 

Navarre, King of, killed, ii. 6. Queen 
of, aids the Protestants, declares her 
son, Prince Henry, head and protector 
of the Protestant cause, abolishes Popery 


General Index. 

and establishes Protestantism in her 

dominions, ii. 8. 
Navarre, Henry, Prince of, marries the 

sister of Charles IX., ii. 8, 44. 
Nawset, Isle of, iii. 22 ; vi. 108, 119. 
Nayantaquit men, confederate with the 

Pequots, i. 161. 
Nayantaquit River, ib. 

Nayler, x. 31. 

Neal, Rev. James A., ii. 304 ; iii. 188. 

Neal, Andrew, vi. 251. 

Neal's History of the Puritans quoted, ix. 

50, 51, 70, 205. Translated into the 

Dutch language, 65. 
Neal's History of New England quoted, 

ix. 53. 
Nealand, Benjamin, ii. 74, 75. 
Neale, Bishop, Archbishop of York, i. 244. 
Neale, Thomas, Esq., vii. 50, &c. 
Neander, Dr., ix. 43. 
Neau, Elias, ii. 65, 66. 
Neepmucks, ix. 300. See Nipmucks. 
Neff, Mary, vi. 240. 
Negroes, reason of their blackness, iii. 335. 

1374 in Boston in 1742, i. 152; ix. 36. 
Neile, Dr., i. 238. 
Nelson, J., i. 118. 
Nelson, John, letter from Paris, giving 

account of French designs to extend 

their limits, i. 134. 
Nelson, John, ii 73. 
Nelson, Elizabeth, ib. 
Nenekunat, Indian sachem, ix. 269, 273- 

276, 282 - 285, 289, 292. 
Neptune, John, Indian Lieut. -Gov., ix. 

91, 93. 
Neptune, Newell, Indian Lieut. -Gov., ix. 

Neptune, Sabbatis, Indian, ib. His speech, 

Neptune, Nicholar, Indian, ix. 96. 
Nesbitt, Sir John, v. 171. 
Nesbitt, Robert, x. 122. 
Neuville, Mons. Bourdeaux, ii. 339. 
Nevers, Duke of, ii. 9. 
Nevis, iii. 362. Planted by the English, 

New Amsterdam, now New York, taken 

by the English, iii. 313, 391. 
Newbery, Walter, i. 227. And Major 

John Coggeshall, in behalf of Rhode 

Island, obtain a copy of President Dud- 
ley's commission, ib. 
Newbury, iii. 324; iv.289; vi. 42. Church, 

iii. 80, 379. 
Newbury, Walter, vii. 165, 167, 168. 
New Cambridge (or Newton), iv. 290. 
Newcastle, New Hampshire, formerly 

called Great Island, its church and min- 
isters, ii. 302; iii. 187; iv. 293. 
Newcom, Francis, viii. 255. 
Newcom, Rachel, ib. 
Newcom, Jo., ib. 
Newcom, Matthew, ix. 66. 
New Dartmouth, i. e., New Castle, &c, 

forces there in 1689, fort deserted in 
April, 1689, i. 85. 

New Dover, alias Pascattaqua, alias North- 
am, iii. 106. 

Newell, Abraham, x. 143, 144. 

Newell, Francis, or Frances, x. 143. 

Newell, Fayth, x. 144. 

Newell, Abraham, ib. 

Newell, John, ib. 

Newell, Isaac, ib. 

Newells, Grace, ib. 

New England, several persons of, subscribe 
" for the carrying on a plantation in 
Charles River on the coast of Florida," 
i. 55. Induce others to subscribe in 
England, 56. Some that were sent 
from New England for the carrying on 
of said plantation, return, 58. Spread a 
reproach upon the harbour, &c, of said 
river, ib. "Inhabitants of, free from 
taxes more than what is laid upon them- 
selves by themselves," 57. Non-con- 
formists, 75. Matters in, designed to be 
reduced to the same state that London 
charter is reduced unto, 76. Forces 
raised in 1688, Forts built and forces 
how posted, in April, 1689, 85. Stand- 
ing companies on establishment in Eng- 
land then disperse, 86. Lies between 
40° and 45° of northern latitude, known 
by the name of the Northern Planta- 
tion, the name of New England given 
by Charles I. (then Prince of Wales), 
first settlement in 1620, viz., at New 
Plymouth, built upon purely religious 
interests, 93. Charter obtained in 1628, 
94. In danger of being cut off by the 
Indians in 1637; from 1643 to 1689 
more persons have removed from than 
have come to, number of inhabitants in 
1689, 200,000, 95. Sir Edmund Andros 
sent to, with a commission, by James 
II., 96. People of, in 1689, assert their 
English liberties, and declare for the 
Prince of Orange and the Parliament 
of England, 97. Took forts from the 
French in Cromwell's time, which were 
restored by Charles II., 99. Designs 
against, by the French, 108, 118. Ap- 
pointment of Governor by the king, in- 
consistent with charters of, 121. Rea- 
sons against sending a governor to, ib. 
Political fables of, 126-133. Ships of, 
in England, to be sequestered at the 
suit of Mrs. Watts, 145, 146. Sir Wil- 
liam Aslmrst, a generous and disinter- 
ested friend of, 146. The best part of, 
abandoned by the English in conse- 
quence of French and Indian depreda- 
tions, 234. French refugees settle in, 
ii. 49. Jesuits have an agent in, 111. 
Government of, defamed, 120. Ad- 
hered to the Parliament, 124. Trials 
in by jury, 139. Four colonies of, 
unite for common defence, 140. Reports 

General Index, 


circulated in London to injure the 
credit <>f, vii. 126. Cm plain! against 
ministers of, 155. Fishing ketches of, 
taken l>\ the French, 183. Impover- 
ished In the French and Indian wars, 
206. Trade of, in 1700, 218. Map of, 
by Capt. John Smith, iii. I. Named l>\ 
him, ami confirmed by Charles, Prince 
df Wales, 20. Description of its coast, 
harbours, habitations, landmarks, lat- 
itude and longitude,21. Divided among 
patentees, 31 45 Churches and 120 
towns, in 1674,376. Ministers, ships, 
and passengers in the first ten years, 
:;-l Great mortality among children 
in, 386. Fruits in. destroyed l»\ cater- 
pillars, ib. Ecclesiastical ami civil gov- 
ernment, 55. Faithful to the Parlia- 
ment ami Commonwealth of England, 

iv. 103. Learning and piety in, pro- 
moted by the Parliament, 101 ; v. 51 . 
Dispute with Gov. Penn, 98. Jeremiah 
Dummer, agent of, 208. First attempt 
at settlement of, by the English, under 
command of Bartholomew Gosnold, viii. 
69. Levetta's account of his voyage 
into, in 1623) reprint of, 159. Robert 
Gorges Governor of, 161. Rivers and, 
harbours of, 165. Soil mid productions, 
1?:». Climate, HI. Abstract of laws 
of, by Rev. John Cotton, printed in 
1641,191, 192; ix. 11. History of Con- 
gregationalists i"i 43, 193, 197, 198, 213, 
256. -Notice of hooks relating to, by 
Hon. James Savage, viii. 284 -29o. 
Names of passengers to, 252-276, 319; 
x. L27-172. Capt. John Underhills's 
relation of, warlike proceedings in, vi. 
1 -28. Misstatement concerning cor- 
rected, 5. P. V r incents's relation of the 
Pequot war in, 33. First settlers of, ib. 
Prosperous state of, in 1638, 41. Popu- 
lation, 42. Description of, by Sir Fer- 
dinandn Gorges, reprinted, 45-03. Pas- 
sengers to, restrained, 80, 82, 80. Capt. 
John Smith's description of, 95. Names 
of places in, given by Charles, Prince 
of Wales, 07. And New York raise 
forces to suhdue Canada, 215. Division 
of, on the surrender of the Grand Pat- 
ent, vi. 83. Boundaries of, 104. Jos- 
Belyns's voyages to, iii. 211-306. Lat- 
itude and boundaries, 239, 240, Mines, 
241. Climate, 242. Earthquakes in, 
25D, Plants, 251. Shruhs, bushes, 
trees, animals, &c, 252. Discovery 
and settlement of, 312, 376. Popula- 
tion, 333. Diseases, ib. Plants, il>. 
Fruit trees, 337. Cattle, 338. Vessels 
of, cist away and taken in 1666, 303. 
Brief relation of, from its founding to 
the year 1689, i. 03. 
New England's Salamander discovered, 
by E. Winslow, ii. 110-145; viii. 

New England's Jonas oast up .at London, 
answered l>\ Edward Winslow, ii. II", 
viii. 287. 

New F.i, -land Library, collected bj Rev. 
Thomas Prince, ami given b\ him to 
the <>id South Church in Boston, ii. 28 ; 

vii. 7. 

New England's Memorial, Morton's, re- 
ferred t.», vi. 157. 

New England, a word to, by Gov. Brad- 
ford, \ic 28. 

.New England History, gleanings for, by 
lion, .lames Savage, viii. 243. More 
gleanings fur, \ 127. Notes on former 
gleanings, 131. New gleanings, 133. 

.New England, historical view of difficult 
ties in planting, by Rev. A. Adam-, re- 
ferred to, viii 280. 

New England's 'fears for Old England's 
Fears, extract from, \ iii 284. 

New England Confederacy of 1613, dis- 
course of lion. .1. (1. Adams, concern- 
ing, in 1843, ix. l-!». 

New Englanders claim " an equitable 
title" to the soil of Charles River on 
the Coast of Florida, witli the lands 
adjacent, i. 56. 

" Newes from America," by Capt. John 
Underbill, vi. 1 -28. 

Newfoundland, iii. 100. Discovered, 313, 

361,362, 317, 348, 371 ; vi. 41. Fish- 

cries, 91. English vessels there attacked 
by French and Indians, 260 J viii. 73, 
97. 400 ships go to, yearly, for lisb and 
whale oil, 98. 

New Hampshire, advised in 1689 by the 
Government of Massachusetts, to LL Fall 
into some form or constitution of gov- 
ernment," i. 90. Province of, 113. 
Churches and ministers, 153; ii. 299; 
iii. 183: iv. 202. Instances of longevity 
in, i. 155; ii. 205. Sends commission- 
ers to Albany in 1754, v. 10. Governor 
of, sends a company up Connecticut 
River, 40. Inhabitants of, prevented 
from settling Coos. 66; vi. 218. 

New Hampshire Historical Society, ii. 
366; vi. 208, 200; vii. 202. 

New Haven, Governor of, written to by 
order of the Council of Massachusetts, 
in relation to the apprehension of Col. 
Whalley and Goffe, i. 52. Or Quin- 
apeag. Iii. 73, 98. Colony, 380, 384 ; 
vi. 178; viii. 329 ; i\. 1!".'. Settlement 
of, 205. John Winthrop, Jr., invited 
to settle at, x. 0. Sickness at, 0. 21, 
22. House in, bought for .1. Winthrop, 
Jr., 24, 37, 42, 43. Governor of dies, 
44, 45. 

Newichawannik, now Berwick, vi. 217, 

Newington, N. IF, church and ministers, 
ii. 304 ; iv. 2! '3. 

New Ipswich, N. IF, church and minis- 
ters, ii. 321 ; iii. 189; iv. 204. 


General Index. 

New Jersey, vii. 292; x. 51, 84, 85. Col- 
lege of, ii. 51. 

Newman, Dr. John, i. 291. 

Newman, Rev., of Weymouth, iii. 93. 

Newman, Rev. Samuel, of Rehoboth, iii. 
390; viii. 249, 250, 251, 293. 

Newman, Capt, v. 190. 

Newman, Henry, v. 229. 

Newman, Rev. Antipas, vii. 258. 

Newman, Richard, viii. 250. 

Newman, Elizabeth, viii. 264. 

Newman, Francis, Gov. of New Haven, 
Sickness of, x. 43. Death, 44. Char- 
acter, 45. 

Newman [Robert], x. 46. 

Newmarket, N. H., church, iv. 293. 

New Plimouth. See Plymouth. 

New Netherlands, iii. 313, 373, 391. Gov- 
ernor of, comes to Boston, 341. 

Newport, R. I , iii. 96. Episcopal church 
there, ii. 70. Congregational church, 71. 

Newport, Capt., iii. 368. 

Newport, an English man-of-war, taken 
by the French, vi. 239. 

New Rochelle, N. Y., settled by French 
Protestants, ii. 34. 

New Scotland, i. 234. See Nova Scotia. 

Newton, iv. 290. 

Newton, Sir Isaac, v. 186. 

Newton, E. A., vi. 298. 

Newton, Elizabeth, x. 156. 

Newton, Hon. Rejoice, x. 227. 

Newtown fort, in Kennebeck River, i. 85. 

New-town, or Cambridge, iii. 321, 380, 
381 ; ix. 204. 

Newtown, N. H., minister of, ii. 321. 
Church, iv. 293. 

New-towne, now Hereford, vi. 35. 

New York, soldiers there disperse in the 
revolution of 1689, i. 87. English at, 
cause of the war in this country betwixt 
the French and English, 106. Petition 
in relation to, 120; ii. 34; iii. 313; v. 
20, 22. Revenue in 1703, vii. 234. 
Militia, 235. Arms, ammunition, and 
fortifications, 236. Trade, laws, 237 ; 
viii. 334, 338, 341 ; ix. 183, 210. Dutch 
ships prohibited from coming to, x. 77. 
Free trade granted to merchants at, 78. 
Taken by the Dutch, 87, 106, 108, 109, 
111. Delivered up to Sir E. Andros, 

New York Historical Society, ii. 57, 368 ; 
iii. 405; vii. 31. 

New York Lyceum, iii. 405. 

New York and Erie Railroad Company, 
vi. 297. 

Niagara, v. 85. 

Niagara Fort, v. 124. 

Niagara Falls, ib. 

Nicholar, Capt., ix. 83, 90. 

Nicholas, Sir Edward, Secretary of State, 
i. 52; vii. 123. 

Nicholes, John, vii. 183. 

Nicholls, Col. Richard, one of the Commis- 

sioners to New England, i. 217, 219 ; 

iii. 314, 391; vii. 127. 
Nicholls, Francis, viii. 244. 
Nicholls, Elizabeth, viii. 259. 
Nicholls, Edw., viii. 275. 
Nichols, Benjamin R., i. 294, Plymouth 

Colony records transcribed and indexed 

under his superintendence, ii. 258-271 ; 

v. 254 ; vii. 24. 
Nicholson, Col., i. 144. 
Nicholson, Col., Governor of Maryland, 

vi. 241. 
Nicholson, Capt. Francis, vii. 184. 
Nicholson, , Gov. of Pennsylvania, 

vii. 222, 231, 232. 
Nicolls, Capt. Matthias, letters to J. Win- 

throp, Jr., x. 99, 103, 109, 110, 113. 

Letter from J. Winthrop, Jr. to, 111. 
Nicols, Gen., x. 58. 

Nie [or Nye], , x. 42. 

Niles, Hon. Nathaniel, i. 291. 
Niles, Rev. Samuel, his Summary Histor- 
ical Narrative of French and Indian 

wars in New England from 1634 to 

1760, vi. 154. 
Ninicraft, vi. 157, 172. Sachem of the 

Nyantics, 173. Or Ninegret, 173, 191. 

Or Ninechrat, iii. 155. Succeeds Mian- 

tonomoh, x. 180. 
Nipmuck River, ii. 59. 
Nipmuck, or Nipmug, Indians, ii. 61 ; vi. 

178. Treachery of, 179. Submit to 

the English, 189; ix. 300. English 

killed by, x. 117. 
Nipnet Indians, iv. 171. 
Nishohkou, iv. 249, 250. Death of his 

child, 259. 
Nitamemet, vi. 235. 
Noah's Ark, the first model of a ship, iii. 

Noah, M. M., vii. 293. 
Noble, Mary, ii. 298. 
Noble, Rev. Oliver, ii. 303. 
Noble, Obadiah, ib. 
Noble, Rev. Oliver, iii. 187. 
Noddle's Island, i. 44 ; iii. 220, 326, 377. 

Noise, , x. 171. 

Nookau, iv. 254, 255. 

Noonatomen, i. e., rejoicing, Indian town, 

iv. 20, 41,50, 61,63, 65. 
Norborough, Capt., v. 197, 199. 
Norcrosse, Nathaniel, viii. 248. 
Norden, Nathaniel, iv. 291. 
Norfolk County, iii. 325. 
Norman Tyranny, bases of, abolished, ii. 

Norridgewock, vi. 246, 247, 261. 
Norris, Rev. Edward, of Salem, iii. 93 ; 

vii. 255; viii. 247. 
Norris, Isaac, v. 14. 
Nort, H., x. 26. 
North, D., vii. 176. 
North, John, viii. 259. 
Northam, alias Dover, alias Pascattaqua, 

General Index. 


North American Confederacy of 1771, ix. 

North American Review, ii. 64; ix. 31, 

179; x. 123. 
Northampton, Earl <>f, i.66. 
Northampton, iv. 291. 
North Church, Boston, v. 215, 216. 

Northcote, , viii. 302. 

Northern Star, a hook of, (hy Dr. Goad), 

i. 241. 
North-Hampton, N. II., church, ii. 316; 

iv. 293. 
Northwest Bay, French depredations there, 

i. In- 
Northwesl Passage, attempt to discover, 

iii. 360 ; vi. 50; ix. 264. 

Nortli Yarmouth, and other places at the 

eastward, outrages of the Indiana there, 
i. 101-112; vi. 202. 
Norton, Rev. John, teacher of the church 

of Ipswich, answers .Mr. William Pin- 
cheoifs book, i. 36 ; iii. 93, 379, 390 J 
viii. 248. His life of John Cotton re- 
fined t.», 294, 295, 316. 

Norton, Rev. Asa, i. 291. 

Norton, Capt , killed by the Pequots, iii. 
379 ; vi. 7. 

Norton, Lieut.-Col., and Ferdinando Gor- 
ges settle a plantation on the river 
Agamentica, vi. 7:». 

Norton, Richard, viii. 315. 


Norwalke, sickness at, x. 21. 

Notables, assembly of, in France, opened, 
Lafayette a member, ii. 40. 

' : Notes on Virginia," error in acknowl- 
edged by the author, ix. 36. 

Nott,Rev. Dr. Eliphalet, i. 291. 

Nott, Rev. Handel G., iii. Id6. 

Nottingham, N. II., church and ministers, 
ii.318; iv. 293. 

Nottingham, Lord Admiral, iii. 52. 

Nottingham, vii. 191. 

Nottingham-West, N. H., church and 
ministers, ii. 314 ; iv. 2!»3. 

Novania, or New-found-land, vi. 41. 

Nova Francia, or Canada, and L'Acadie, 
or Nova Scotia, first discovered by Se- 
bastian Cabot and his son, i. 231 ; iii. 

Nova Scotia, surrendered bv the treaty of 
Breda, i. 135. Sold to the French, iii. 347. 
or Acadie ceded to Great Britain, v. 64. 
French take possession of, 65. Expe- 
dition to, in 1707, 189. Granted to Sir 
William Alexander, vi. 78 ; vii. 90; 
viii. 334, 338. 

Nova Scotia, order of knights of, ordained 
by James I., iii. :'>75. 

Nowel, Alexander, iii. 243. 

Nowell, Increase, secretarv, i. 37; iii. 94, 
188, 326, 40U; ix. 199, 259 ; x. 13. 

Nowell, Mrs, i. 47. 

.Nowell, Rev. Samuel, i. 256; vi. 182. 

Noy, [Sir William], i. 238. 

Noy< i, ii. v. Nathaniel, ii. 318. 
N<>\ es, Parker, is. 

Noyes, Rev. , ef Newbury, iii. 93. 

Noyes, Rev. Nicholas, of Salem, iii. \~'\ 

&0 . \ 185 . vii 200, 202. His letter 

to N. 1 1 igginson, 212. 
Noy es, Thomas, i v. 289. 
Noj es, Peter, iv. 291 . 

Noyea K» v. , ofStonington, vi. 186. 

Noj es, ( 'apt., vi. 2()7. 
Noyes, Mrs. Sarah, vii 

Noyes, Rev. , viii. 288. 

Noyes, VYilielmus, viii. 316. 
.Noyes, Nathan, viii. 317. 

Noj BS, William, i/>. 

Moves. James, letter to J. Winthrop, Jr., 

x. 67. 
Noj es, Rev. James, x. 140. 
Noyse. See Noj es. 
Nunn, Richard, viii. 261. 
Nunnenunteno, Indian sachem, vi. 185, 

Nurse, Samuel, iii. 171- 178. 
Nurse, M is., iii. 175. 
Nurse, Francis, iii. 177. 
Nurse, Goodwife, vii. 261. 
Nusconcus, iii. 20, 22; vi. 107, 117. 
Nut, Miles, i. 44. 
Nutbrowne, Francis, viii. 270. 
Nyantecets join the Pequots, vi. 35-37. 

Nye, , i. 33. 

Nye, Philip, iv. 30, 35, 159. 

., i. 256,259. 

Oakcs, Rev. - 

Oakes, Thomas, iv. 289, 292 j vii. 67, 68 j 

x. 121. 
O'Bear, Soc., Indian captain, ix. 95. 
Odgden, John, x. t4. 
Odiorne, James C, vii. 294. 
Odlin, Kev. John, ii. 319; iv. 295. 
Odlin, Rev. Woodbridge, iv. 295. 
Oglethorpe, Harris s Life of, ix. 172. 
Ohio, Shawanese and Delaware Indians 

remove thither, v. 46. United nations 

at, forewarn the French oft* their land, 

Ohio River, v. 101, 166. Journal of, 

Treaty with Indians northwest of, 109- 

Okace, or Uncas, i. 163, 167, 175, 176. 

See Uncas. 
Okey, Col., i. 184. 

Oldam, , Canonicus gives an isl- 
and to, i. 165. 
Oldenburg, Henry, letter to J. Winthrop, 

Jr., x. 47. 
Oldfield, Dr., v. 199. 

Oldham, , iii. 137; x. 175. 

Oldham, John, killed by the Indians, iii. 

152, 163, 380; vi. 4, 158 j ix. 213. 
Oldham, John, viii. 264. 
Oldham, Thomas, ib. 


General Index. 

Old Soutli Church in Boston, ii. 28; v. 
257, 258. History of, referred to, vii. 7. 
Oliardt, Nicolaas, ix. 67, 69. 
Oliphant, Rev. David, ii. 315. 

Oliver, , ii. 78, 70. 

Oliver, , iii. 108. 

Oliver, James, iii. 389. 
Oliver, Capt., v. 170. 
Oliver, Capt., vi. 181. 
Oliver, A , vii. 87. 
Oliver, Capt. Blackwell, vii. 155. 
Oliver, Rev. George, of Exeter, Eng., 
extracts from his letter to Hon. James 
Savage, relating to ancestors of several 
New England families, viii. 300. 

Oliver, Rev. G. , his Ecclesiastical 

Antiquities of Devon quoted, viii. 304. 
Oliver, Capt., x. 11. 
Oliver, Dr. Daniel, x. 212. 
Olivetan, an uncle of Calvin, translates 
the Bible into French, which is perused 
and studied by nobles and peasants, ii. 3. 
01mestead,or Holmestead, Richard, x. 166. 
Olney, Tho., viii. 253. 
Olney, Mary, ib. 
Olney, Epenetus ib. 

Olnie, , x. 28. 

Oneida sachems, speeches of, v. 77, 82. 

Indians, x. 63. 
Onge, Mary, x. 143. 
Onkus, i. 71, &c. Or Onkas, ix. 272- 

287. See Uncas. 
Onondago Indians, v. 23, 46, 66. 
Onyon, Robert, viii. 267. 
Openangos, ix. 92. 

Opinion of the Attorney General and oth- 
ers in favor of Connecticut Charter, i. 
Opparunwit, Indian sagamore, viii. 174. 
Order respecting messengers on public 

service, vii. 49. 
Order for the preservation of the Colony 

records, vii. 162. 
Order in council confirming Sir F. Gorges's 
right of government in Maine, viii. 238. 
Orders of General Court respecting post- 
office, 1639- 1775, vii. 49. 
Ordination, iii. 107, 123, 319. Refused 
by Bishop Provost, v. 262. 

Orem, , ii. 70. 

Orlers, , ix. 51. 

Orne, Dr., v. 272. 

Orono, Joseph, a Penobscot chief, notice 

of, ix. 82. Speech of, 86. 
Orris, George, viii. 263. 
Orthodox Evangelist [Norton's], viii. 294. 
Osborn, Wyman, i. 275. 
Osborne, Sir Danvers, Governor of New 

York, v. 37. 
Osburn, William, iii. 176. 
Osgood, John, iv. 290. 
Osgood, Christopher, ib. 
Osgood Samuel, v. 292. 
Osgood, C. vii. 288. 
Osland, Humphrey, vii. 210. 

Ossepe, i. 113. 

Osson, an Indian chief, ix. 84, 87, 98. 

Oswegatchie, fortified by the French, v. 

23, '66. 
Oswego traders, remonstrance of, v. 25, 93. 
Otis, Richard, i. 87. 

Otis, , i. 88. 

Otis, Capt., v. 190, 192. 

Otis, James, vii 87 ; ix. 172 ; x. 188. 

Otis, General Joseph, x. 188. 

Otter skin, how known from Beaver, ix. 

247, 263. 
Otterson, James, ii. 296. 

Ottis, , iii. 93. 

Ousamequin, iv. 81. 

Outsure, Captain John, his ship taken by 

the French, i. 108. 
Ovell, Nathaniel, viii. 276. 
Overton, Henry, i. 246; viii. 286. 
Owdie, John, viii. 261 ; x. 129. 
Owen, Abigail, ii. 296. 
Owen, Rev. John, iv. 120, 154, 159. 
Owussumag, iv. 257. 

Oxenbridge, , i. 64. 

Oxenbridge, Rev. , iii. 394. 

Oxenbridge, John, viii. 250. 
Oxenbridge, Daniel, ib. 

Oxenbridge, , viii. 314. 

Oxford, Massachusetts, memoir of French 

Protestants settled at, 1686, ii. 1. Or 

New Oxford, 58. 
Oxford, Earl of, x. 147. 
Oyster River, vi. 232, 235, 244, 257, 259, 


Pacific and Atlantic Oceans, communica- 
tion between by land, proposed in 1602, 
viii. 101. 

Pack, Sir Christopher, ii. 347. 

Packenett, James, ii. 63. 

Paconekick, iii. 22. 

Pacxenham, , ix. 251. 

Paddy, William, ii. 267; vii. 286; viii. 

Page, Thomas, viii. 258. 

Page, Elizabeth, ib. 

Page, Katherin, ib. 

Paghhuntanuck, vi. 107. 

Paige, Rev. Lucius R., ix. 304. 

Pain, Thomas, i. 88. 

Paine, Capt., vi. 268, 269, 270, 275. 

Paine, William, vii. 245. 

Paine, , ix. 292. 

Paine [William?], x. 44. 

Paise, , ix. 256. 

Pajon, , ii. 26. 

"Pake Ponesso," Indian sagamore, iv. 
109, 110. 

Palfrey, Rev. John G., i. 271 ; iii. 406 ; 
v. 299. Professor, vi. 299; vii. 292, 
293, 294, 295. Hon. his discourse be- 
fore the Mass. Hist. Society, ix. 165. 

General hide 


Palfiry, Peter, vii. 254. 

Palgrave, Sir Francis, v. 293, 300. 

Pallere, , ii. 53. 

Pallote, Joseph, ii. 296. 

Palmer, Rev. Stephen, i. 288. 

Palmer, John, i. §99. 

Palmer, Ichabod, ii. 206. 

Palmer, Sergeant, vi. I7i). 

Palmer, Richard, viii. 270. 

Palmer, Hon. 1. letters to him firom Gen. 

Washington, viii. 345, 346. 
Palmer, John, x. 29. 
Palmer, John, x. 111. 
Palmerley, Jo., viii. 258. 
Palmes, Major Edward, x. 95, 111. 

Pamanack, Indian name of Long Island, 

x. 182. 
Pametesick, i. 167. 

Panama, iii. 356. 

Pancrust, Ann, viii. 264 ; x. 128. 

Pannaway, viii. 164. 

Panton, Leslie & Co., V. 172. 

Papists in England, "grow very insolent 

to boast over Protestants," i. 244. 
Papoodack, vi. 217. 
Paquaharet, vi. 235. 

Parish, Thomas, viii. 261. 

Parker, John, i. 45. 

Parker, James, ib. 

Parker, Ahram, ib. 

Parker, Hannah, i. 157. 

Parker, John, i. 27:?, 278. 

Parker, Daniel P., //,. 

Parker, Hannah, ii. 207. 

Parker, Rebecca, ib. 

Parker, Rev. Frederic, ii. 322. 

Parker, Archbishop, quoted, ii. 355. 

Parker, Rev. , of Wevmonth, iii. 03. 

Parker, Rev. - — , f Newbury, ib. 

Parker, Rev. Robert, ib 

Parker, , iii. 06. 

Parker, Rev. Clement, iii. 186. 
Parker, Mrs. Susan, vi. 298. 
Parker, James, viii. 247. 
Parker, Tho., viii. 259. 
Parker, George, viii. 263. 
Parker, Rev. Thomas, viii. 286, 288. 
Parker, John, viii. 319. 
Parker, Rev. , ix. 52, 72. 


Parker, Nathaniel, x. 145. 

Parker, Robert, x. 168, 160. 

Parkhurst, , v. 100. 

Parkman, Rev. Dr. Francis, iii. 406; v. 
270, 205; vii. 293. 

Parliament of England, order that the laws 
and judicial records shall be in the Eng- 
lish language, ii. 336. Dissolved by 
Oliver Cromwell, i. 190; ii. 340. Bare- 
bones, 342, 343. Copy of a letter con- 
taining reflections and charges concern- 
ing, sent to the speaker, i. 35. Vote 
for a "kingly government," 181, 230. 
Pass an act for the encouragement and 
advancement of learning and piety in 

New England, iv.27, 71, 103. Of 1621, 
dissolved, vi B0 <>!' l<>-'-, is 221 
Long, '.'-I | i 2, 26, 29, 31. Richard 
Cromwell'i faction! in, 1 1 

Parliament Journals, MS, account of) ii. 
323 ; ix. 225. 

Parrie, Edward, \ iii. '.'7:5. 

Parris, John, i. 25. 

Parris, Rev. Samuel, iii. L69, 173, 176. 

Parris, John, iv. 290. 

Parns, Robert, Iv. 291. 

Parsons, Ebenezer, i. 288 

Parsons, Dr. Usher, i. 2 >5 

Parsons, Rev. Joseph, ii. 302. 

Parsons, Re\ . Samuel, ii, :iii:». 

Parsons, Rev. William, ii. 318. 

Parsons, Chief Justice, ii. -J-::, 286 

Parsons, Mar) , iii. 189. 

Parsons, Re\ . Samuel, ib 

Parsons, .Mrs. and daughter, taken by In- 
dians, vi. 250. 

Parsons, Hannah, vi. 279. 

Parsons, Charles, ('., vi. 294. 

Parsons, Dr. I slier, vi. 300 J vii. 26. 

Parsons, , viii. 302. 

Parsons, Mrs., ib. 

Parsons, Elizabeth, ib. 

Parsons, , viii. 303. 

Parsons, Robert, ib. 

Parsons, I lenrv, ib. 

Parsons, Mary, ib. 

Parsons, Thomas, ib. 

Parsons, Sarah, ib. 

Parsons, John, ib. 

Parsons, A/.ariah, ib. 

Parsons, William, viii. 310. 

Parsons, Richard, ix. 66, 68. 

Partrick. See Partridge. 

Partridge, Hon. George, i. 203; v. 246. 

Rev. [Ralph ?], iii. 380, 388 ; 

x. lo'B. 

Partridge, Samuel, iv. 201. 

Partridge, Oliver, v. it. 

Partridge, John, vi. 130, 136. 

Pascatawav, or Piscatique, River, iii. 341, 
346. Colony, 341. 
^Pascattaqua, iii. 00, 106. Or Puscntawav, 
vi. 14. Or Pascataque, ix. _'.~>7. Or 
Passataquak, iii. 22. Or Passataquack, 
vi. 107, I1-. 

Pascomuck attacked by Indians, \i. 254. 

Pasharanack, iii. 22 ; vi. 107. 

Passaconnaway, Indian sachem, iv. 62, 
82, 83. 

Passamaquoddy Vocabulary, iii. 181. 

Passengers for New England, \iii. 252- 
•J70, :^1!>; x. 127-172. 

Patch, Thomas, iv. 291. 

Patch. Elizabeth, vii. 256. 

Patch, Nicholas, ib. 

Patent, Sir Thomas Temple's, referred to, 
i. 136. Of Massachusetts, extent of its 
jurisdiction, iii. 1<>2. For New Eng- 
land, granted, iii. 37 1. 

Patentees of Massachusetts, iii. 326. 


General Index. 

Path-way to erect a Plantation, by Capt. 

John Smith, iii. 1. 

Patishal, , vi. 208. 

Patrick, Rev. William, ii. 322. 

Patrick, Captain, vi. 27, 28, 40, 168, 169 ; 

ix. 299. Or Patridge, 271. Or Par- 
tridge. 278, 280. 
Patrick, Col., vi. 261. 
Patroon's Mill, v. 57. 
Pattee, Capt. Asa, ii. 298. 
Patterson, William, i. 273. 
Patteson, Edward, viii. 252. 
Pattison, Edward, vi. 164. 
Patucket Falls, canal at, ii. 293. 
Patuxet, Indian name of Plymouth, ix.212. 
Pauchaug land, x. 68. 
Pauhuntanuck, iii. 22. 
Paulding, J. K., v. 300. 
Pautucket, or Pawtucket, iv. 81, 123, 168. 
Pawatuckqut, i. 171. 
Pawmet, vi. 108, 119. 
Pawtucket River, ii. 59. 
Paxton, Charles, vii. 289. 
Payne, Deacon Edward, iii. 206. 
Payne, William E , v. 293. 
Payne, Capt. Edward, viii. 258, 260, 263. 
Payne, William, viii. 261. 
Payne,. Anna, ib. 
Payne, John, ib. 
Payne, Daniel, ib. 
Payne, Suzan, ib. 
Payne, John, viii. 266. 
Payne, William, ib. 
Payne, Robert, x. 170,171. 
Paynter, Rev. Henry, letter to John Win- 

throp, Jr., ix. 231. 
Payson, Giles, viii. 254. 
Peabody, John, iv. 291. See Peboddy. 
Peace concluded with the Indians, vi. 235, 

Peach, Arthur, i. 171, 172, 176. 
Peacock, William, viii. 254. 
Peacock, William, ix. 274. 
Pead, William, his letter to Gov. Win- 

throp, i. 25. 
Peag, value of, ix. 283. Demanded of 

Narraganset sachems, 290. 
Peage, Widow, i. 151. 
Peake, Maria, viii. 255. 
Pearce, Robert, i. 44. 
Pearce, John, i. 45. 
Pearson, Eliphalet, i. 288. 
Pearson, Daniel, ii. 74, 75. 
Pearson, Widow, ii. 298. 
Pearson, Rev. Ora, iii. 186. 
Pearson, John, Se,n., iv. 290. 
Pearson, Dr., Dean of Salisbury, x. 133 
Pease, Robert, x. 143. 
Pease, John, x. 143, 144. 
Pease, Robert, x. 144. 
Peat, Jo., viii. 254. 
Peboddy, Francis, viii. 253. 
Pechepscut, i. 113. 
Pechypscott, fort built, vi. 204. 
Pechypscot Plain, vi. 225. 

Peck, William D., i. 288 ; vii. 17. 
Peck, Thomas H., ii. 63. 

Peck, Rev. , of Hingham, iii. 93. 

Peck, Rev. , iii. 383. 

Peck, Nathaniel, vii. 170. 

Peck, Mary, vii. 171. 

Peck, Robert, viii. 246, 248. 

Peck, Richard, viii. 269. 

Peck, Margery, ib. 

Peck, Israel, ib. 

Peck, Elizabeth, ib. 

Peck's Desidera Curiosa, extract from, viii. 

Pederson, Chevalier, ii. 367, 368; iii. 408. 
" Pe-el Tomar," Indian captain, ix. 99. 
Peerce, Marmaduke, viii. 276. 
Peerce, Marv, ib. 
Peeters, William, i. 200,201. 
Peirce, John, vii. 300. 
Peirce, or Pearce, Capt., viii. 265. 
Peirce, Benjamin, his History of Harvard 

College referred to, ix. 31. 
Peirce, Capt. Daniel, x. 121. 

Peiret, , Rev., ii. 65. 

Peirse, Rebecca, viii. 266. 

Peirson, Rev. , iii. 98. 

Peirson, Henry x. 88. 
Pejepscot Fort, i. 85. See Pechypscot. 
Pekar, or Peckar, Capt., takes Block Isl- 
and, vi. 264. Driven off, 269. 
Pelham, N. H., church and ministers, ii. 

320 ; iv. 293. 
Pelham, Herbert, ii. Ill, 130, 382; iv. 89, 

125; vii. 108, 286; viii. 249; ix. 253. 
Pelham, Penelope, vii. 286; viii. 259. 
Pelham, Jo., viii. 259. 
Peling, William, vii. 179. 

Pell, , hi. 144, 147, 148, 149. 

Pell, Thomas, viii. 255. 

Pell, , x. 9, 74. 

Pellam. See Pelham. 

Pemaquid, or Penaquid, iii. 20, 22, 347. 

Or Pemyquid, i. 85 ; vi. 107, 117. Fort 

built, 204. Taken, 207, 238, 244; vii. 

Pemaquid and Penobscot, order relative 
► to, vii. 179. 
Pemberton, Thomas, i. 288 ; vii. 17. 

Pemberton, , ii. 63. 

Pemberton, W. W., vi. 300. 
Pemberton's description of Boston, (in 

Vol. HI , Hist. Soc. Coll.), quoted, ii. 64. 
Pembroke, N. H., church and ministers, 

ii. 314 ; iv. 293. 
Pemmaquid, or Penobscot, River, vi. 50. 
Pemptagoiett, Pentagoiett, or Pentagonett, 

or Penobscot, claimed by the French, 

vii. 94. 

Pen, General, , x. 11. 

Penacook and Saco Indians unite, vi. 206. 

Murder several of the English, 207. 
Pendleton, Richard, v. 170. 
Pendleton, William, v. 295, 298. 

Penhallow, , vi. 278. 

Penn, Elder [James], dies, iii. 395. 

General Index. 


Peon, John, v. 11. 

Penn, Governor, and Ww England, <lis- 
pute about land, v. 98, 100, 

Penn, William, v. M7 , vii. 222, 223, 225, 
240 j i.\. 11. 

Pennacook, vi. 9 17, 

Pennoyer, , a benefactor to I [arvard 

College, i. 63. 

Pennsylvania, instructions to Commission' 
crs tu Congress in 1754, v. II. Land 
sold to, l>\ the Wyandot and Delaware 
nations, U7. Courts of Judicature, vii. 
223,225,226. Motto of, ix. 210. 

Pennsylvania Historical Society, ii. 367; 
vii. 222. 

Penobscot, iu.22j vi. 107,»231,247; viii. 
154. Fort taken, i. 64. Bay of, vi. 117. 
Mountains of, 117, 120. River, 50. 
Taken by D'Aulney, vii. 94, 101, 179. 

Penobscot and St. Croix Rivers, French 
settlements between, i. 82. 

Pentecost Harbour, viii. 133. 

Pepper, Richard, x. 143, 144. 

Pepper, Mary, x. 14:5. 

Pepper, Mary, x. 144. 

Pepperell, William, vii. 86. 

PequotS, land said to be taken from, 
claimed by William Brenton as belong- 
ing to the colony of Rhode Island, i. 54. 
And Monhiggins take Indians at Covv- 
wesit prisoners, 71. Squaws to be sent 
home, 162, 163, 164. Some of them 
murderers of the English, 166. Their 
names, 16^. Monaniggins and their 
confederates, complaint against, by Nan* 
higgonticks and Wunnashowatuckoogs, 
174. Names of sachems and murderers 
of the English, 17.~>. Instructions to 
John Winthrop, Jr., to treat with, iii. 
120, 130. Are required to deliver up 
the murderers of Capt. Stone, 130. Ac- 
count of the remnant of the tribe, 134. 
Account of war with, iii. 136. Sachem 
killed by the Mohawkj, 151, 37'.), 381 ; 
iv. 194. Their excuse for killing Capt. 
Stone, vi. 9. Attack Watertown or 
Wethersfield, 12, 15, 35. Capt. Tilly 
killed by, 15. Drive the Mohigans out 
of their possessions, ib. Relation of 
the late battle fought in New England 
between them and tbe English, reprint- 
ed, 20-43. Suppose the Dutch and 
English to be one nation, '.). Prisoners 
among them redeemed, 18. Killed by 

the Mohawks, 40, l.">7. Resolve to de- 
stroy the English, 157. Survivors of 
them, how disposed of, 173, 2.">4 ; ix. 
213, 273, 27.'), 299, 300, 301. At Caus- 
satuk, to be removed, x. 64, 67. 
Pequot War, Capt. Underbill's history of, 
vi. 1-28. Cause of, 3, 35. Fort de- 
stroyed, 23, 37. P. Vincent's history 
of, 20. Rev. S. Niles's account of, 160; 

x. 1?o. 

Pequot battle-ground, description <■''. iii.133. 

vol. x. 42 

Pequot, or, River, vi. 17. 
Pequot, Mohegan, and Narragana I tub. - 

of Indians, BCCOUnt of tbe n innanl of, 

iii. 131. 
Perce, Phebe, % iii. 261 
Percys, tbe, of Virginia, \ iii. 309 
Perkins. Col. Thomas H., t. ST72, 273, 278 . 

\. 298. 

Perkins, James, i. 288. 

Perkins, Thomas, ii. 207. 

Perkins, William, ib. 

Perkins, Nicholas, viii. 307. 

Perley, Allen, viii. 254. 

Perrot, , i. 1 17. 

Pern , Richard, iii. 326. 

Perry, John, vii. 178. 

Perry, , \ ii. 211 

Pert, Thomas, Vice-Admiral, iii. 361. 

Perth, Earl of, viii. 310. 

Perye, William, viii. 303. 

Pesickosh, ix. 270. Or Pesieosh, 290, 

Pessacus, vii. 200. 

Petavius, , ii. 43. 

Peter, Hev. Hugh, i. 34. His letter to 
John Winthrop, Jr., 17'.). And to Dea- 
con (iott, 179, 180, 1-3, 184 ; iii. 03, 98, 
0!), 106, 136, 138, 139, 370, 3-7; \i.i. 
204, 20."), 248, 278 ; ix. 286 ; x. 1 . II is 
wife distracted, 2, 26, 27, 3d, 42, 173, 

Peter, Josias, an Indian, i. 151. 

Peter, Indian, his confession read before 
the elders, iv. 245. 

Peter, an Indian guide in Philip's war, vi. 
181, 182. 

Peter, Grace, vii. 178. 

Peter, the Apostle, temporal power not 
granted to, ix. 201. 

Peters, Thomas, his letter to Gov. Win- 
throp, i. 23. 

Peters, , ii. 111. 

Peters, Rev. Thomas, ii. 130. 

Peters, Richard, v. 14. 

Peterson, John, vii. 246. 

Petition of several of the church and town 
of Woburn, i. 38. To tbe Parliament, 
in 1646, thrown overboard, ii. 132. Or 
apology of Michael Powell, x. 45. For 
restoration, dec, of charters of New 
England and the Jerseys, 121. 

Petitions, (printed in Mass. Hist. Coll., 
Vol. VIII., Sec. Series, pp. in:', el req.,) 
the gentlemen who presented them to 
tlie General Court censured, i. 50. 

Pettingell, Moses, vi. 294. 

Phelps, Sarah, i. 121, 12-"., 126. 

Phelps, John, ii. 3.~>0. 

Phi Beta Kappa Society, \. 205. 

Philadelphia, library at, iii. 407. Com- 
missioners' of United Colonies meet at, 
in 1775, v. 75. Congress at, 100. In- 
dian chiefs meet there, 172. Volunteers 
from, in Cambridge, in 1775, viii 3i.~>. 

Philbrick, Beulah, i. 15t 


General Index. 

Philip, King, of Mount Hope, iii. 307; vi. 
175, 189, 190; ix. 181; x. 117, 118, 

Philip's War, instructions to Josiah Wins- 
low, Esq., comrnander-in-chief, i. 66. 

Philips, John, of Marshfield, killed by 
lightning, iii. 388. 

Philips, Sir Thomas, viii. 316. 

Philips, Major William, x. 123. 

Phillips, Rev. George, i. 245, 265; iii. 93, 
377, 386; viii. 248, 286; ix. 120. 

Phillips, John, i. 261. 

Phillips, John, i. 265. 

Phillips, William, Lieut.-Governor, ii. 53; 
vii. 288. 

Phillips, Rev. , of Dedham, iii. 93. 

Phillips, Hon. J., iii. 406. 

Phillips, Capt., v. ]90. 

Phillips, Cot. John, vi. 237, 245. 

Phillips, Frederic, vii. 209. 

Phillips, Rev. Samuel, vii. 289, 290. 

Phillips, John, LL. D., vii. 289. 

Phillips, Samuel, ib. 

Phillips, Hon. Jonathan, vii. 290. 

Phillips, John, viii. 248, 249. 

Phillips, Philip, viii. 253. 

Phillips, John, viii. 275. 

Phillips, Zerubbabel, x. 88. 

Phillips, Major, x. 120. 

Phillips Academy, Andover, vii. 289. 

Phillips Academy, Exeter, vii. 289 ; ix. 119. 

Philo, the Jew, his hook " De Mundo " 
referred to, iii. 355. 

Philosophical Society in Pennsylvania, x. 

Phippeny, , vi. 249. 

Phippin., Judith, viii. 253. 

Phips, Sir William, Governor, i. 107, 108; 
vi. 214, 231 ; vii. 54 ; viii. 277 ; x. 120. 

Phones. See Fones. 

Physicians exempt from personal services, 
rates, and assessments, x. 74. 

Pickens, Gen., v. 172. 

Pickering, Hon. John, i. 288,294; v. 291, 
299. His notice of Cotton's Indian Vo- 
cabulary, &c, ii. 148; iii. 405; v. 291; 
vi. 298 ; vii. 22, 292, 295; x. 198. Me- 
moir of, 204. His Greek and English 
Lexicon, 212. 

Pickering, Col. Timothy, i. 291, 298. 
Commissioner to treat with Western 
Indians, v. 109, 176; x. 205. 

Pickering, Sir Gilbert, ii. 343, 346. 

Pickering, John, i*. 292. 

Pickering, John, Speaker of the House of 
Representatives, x. 206. 

Pickering, John, Jr., x. 218. 

Pickering, Henry W., ib. 

Pickering, , ib. 

Pierce, Rev. Dr. John, i. 288, 293, 294 ; 
iii. 406; vi. 300; vii. 25. 

Pierce, , of Boston, iii. 108. 

Pierce, James, killed by lightning, iii. 389. 

Pierce, John, of Woburn, iv. 290. 

Pierce, John, vi. 73. 

Pierce, Gyles, vii. 183. 

Pierce, , ix. 120, 233, 237. 

Pierce, William, ix. 246-262. SeePierse. 

Pierce, Danyell, x. 141. 

Pieronnett, Thomas, i. 291. 

Pierpont, Jonathan, i. 134. 

Pierse, Capt, x. 36, 37. 

Pierson, Rev. [Abraham?], iii. 385. 

Pierson, Rev. Abraham, viii. 248. His 
letter to J. Winthrop, Jr., x. 69, 84. 

Pigot, Rev. , ii. 70 ; v. 229, 234. 

Pigwocket, i. 113. Or Pigwacket, vi. 247, 

Pike, Major Robert, letter from Portsmouth, 
with account of attack upon Cocheca 
in 1689, i. 88. His letter to the Gov- 
ernor and Council, and their answer, 89; 
iii. 188. 

Pike, Rev. John, ii. 307, 308. 

Pike, Rev. James, ii. 310, 311. 

Pike, Nicholas, ii. 310. 

Pike, Rev. John, iii. 188. 

Pike, Joseph, iv. 289. 

Pike, Joseph, vi. 236. 

Pike, John, viii. 319. 

Pike, Major, x. 120. 

Pilgrim Society, Plymouth, v. 254. 

Pilkington, Col. C. A., lithograph copy of 
a sketch made by him, v. 176. 

Pinchon, William, i. 22. Letter of John 
Endicott and others to Sir Henry Vane 
in relation to, 35. His book answered 
by Rev. John Norton, 36, 230; iii. 139, 
326 ; viii. 288, 294, 326 ; ix. 259, 264. 

Pinchon, Major, i. 68 ; vi. 181 ; x. 120. 
Writes to Major Thomas Savage for as- 
sistance in Philip's War, i. 69. 

Pinchon, John, x. 90. 

Pincknev, Hon. William, of Maryland, 
iii. 194. 

Pinckney, Frances, iii. 205. 

Pintard, John, i. 291. Recording Secre- 
tary of New York Hist. Soc, ii. 57, 329. 

Pinzon, Capt. Martin Alonzo, viii. 8. 

Pipon, Ensign Joshua, vii. 180. 

Pirates, i. 64 ; vii. 184, 209, 210. 

Piscataqua, vi. 207. River, 236. See 

Piscataway River and Harbour, viii. 165. 

Pitcher, Rev. Nathaniel, ii. 87. 

Pithouse, John, viii. 319. 

Pitkin, Hon. Timothy, i. 291. 

Pitkin, , ii. 368. 

Pitkin, William, v. 12. 

Pitkin, T., vi. 297. 

Pitkin, , ix. 23. 

Pitman, Mrs., i. 157. 

Pitney, Sara, viii. 257. 

Pitney, Samuel, ib. 

Pitney, Margaret, ib. 

Pitnie, James, x. 11. 

Pittnei. See Pitney. 

Pizarro, iii. 52; vi. 107. 

Place, Lucy, i. 157. 

Place, Peter, viii. 272. ■■ 

General Index 


Placentia, i. 143. In Newfoundland, 
French colony at, ii. .~>l ; viii. 73^ 

Plague, Indians" of New England die of, 
in. 16. 

"Plain Dealing, or Newea from New 
England," iii. 55. 

" Plamtea dea Protestans tic France " re- 
ferred to, ii. -17. 

Plaiated, Mrs. Alary, taken prisoner l>\ 

the Indians, vi. 213. And her child 
Killed, 214. 

Plaiated, James, vi. 213. 
Plaisted, Lieutenant, vi. 225. 
Plaistow, N. 11., church and ministers, ii. 
309; iv. 293. 

Plan of I nion, drawn up by Dr Franklin, 

v. 5, 6, 7, 3!», 70. 
Planter, instructions for, iii. 220. 
Platform of Church Discipline, iii. 386 j 

viii. 294. 
Plato's Timsus referred to, iii. 355. 
Playfair, Professor, ix. 4. 
Plumbe, John, his description of a falling 

star, \. .">7. 

Plumbe, , x. 71). 

Plumer, William, i. 291. 

Plutarque I'ranrais referred to, ii. 7. 

Plymouth, partners complained of for un- 
fair and unjust dealing, i. 21. Charter 
and privileges violently taken away in 
1686, !>6. Three men executed there 
for killing an Indian, 176. Weakly re- 
solved to stand to their government and 
liberties, ib. Request Roger Williams 
to inquire out the murder of a Plymouth 
man, ib. County, praying Indians in, ii. 
24-4. Colony Records, account of, 258. 
And Massachusetts, hounds between, 
267. Extracts from records of, 268; vii. 
23. Colony, Governors, Lieut.-Govern- 
ors, and other puhlic officers of, ii. 266. 
Courts, 267. Divided into three counties, 
viz. Plymouth, Bristol, and Barnstable, ib. 
First settlers of, endure losses, iii. 8, 25, 
26, 312, 316. Colony, towns in, 316. 
Settlement of, 374-376, 385. Minis- 
ters, 383, 384, 388, 389; vi. 13. Settle- 
ment of, 73. Grant, of, obtained from 
the Council of New England, 73, 74. 
Persons killed at, by Indians, 183. Cov- 
enant renewed, 187. Send forces against 
the Indians, 224; vii. 15, 23, 27, 297, 
299,300; viii. 18, 164, 180. Magistrates 
advise John Clark and others to settle 
at Aquedneck, 292. Settlers assisted 
by " merchant adventurers," ix. 60. 
Colonists from the North of England, 
104. Indian name Patuxet, 212. De- 
sirous of union with Massachusetts, 214, 
271 ; x. 200. 

Plymouth Company Accounts, 1628, i. 199. 

Pocahontas, iii. 372. Christened and called 
the Lady Rebecca, 373. 

Pocapawmet, vi. 108. 

Pocassett, battle there in Philip's War, 

vi. 180. Squaw-sachem of, drowned, 

I 'JO. 
Pocock, John, i 199. 
PocopaSBUm, iii. '-'"-'. Indians, vi. 107. 
Podd, Samuel, \ in. 258. 

Poggatai ni, Indian Bai hem, \. 182. 

Pom! Aldeiton, \ mi 346. 

Point ( lare, viii. ' I. 

Point-Cave, iii. 316. 

Political fables of New England, i. 126- 

Pollard, Benjamin, \ ii. 289. 

Pollard, Aim, vii. 291. 

Pollatha \\ appia, Indian, v. 103. 

Polwhele, , viii. 302. 

Polybiua referred to, iii. 357. 

Pomeroy, M< dad, i\. 291. 

Pomfret, Rev. -, v. 199. 

Pomroy, Edward, vi. IT:;. 

Ponampam, Indian, i\. 240, 241, 242. 

Pond, Rebecca, \. I I"). 

Ponkipog, iv. 270. 

Pool, Joanna, i. 158. 

Poore, Benjamin P., ix. 187. 

Poore, Samuel, \. 145. 

Poore, Dayell [Daniel 'J, il>. 

Poore, Alee, ib. 

Popery increases in England, i. 244. 

Popliam, Sir John, iii. I"), 312, 317,371. 
Sends (.'apt. I'rin, or Pring, to New 
England, vi. 53, 55, 1"."). 

Popham, Capt. George, iii. 51,371. Pres- 
ident of .New England, vi. 54. Dies, 55. 

Popliam, Sir Francis, vi. 56, L39. 

Popkin, Rev. John S., i. 288. 

Popmunnuck, Indian sachem, i. 150. 

Poquanum, iv. 253, 25 1. 

Porter, Dr. Jacob, i. 296; ii. 366; in 105 . 

v. 292, 294, 295, 296; vi. 295, 21)9; vii. 
293, 294. 

Porter, Rev. Huntington, ii. 309. 

Porter, Rev. John, ib. 

Porter, Rev. Reuhen, ii. 311. 

Porter, Israel, iii. 177. 

Porter, Rev. Dr. Nathaniel, iii. 183. 

Porter, Dr., v. 256. 

Port Nelson, i. 108. 

Portneuf, General, vi. 228. 

Portraits in the hall of Mass. Hist. Soc, 
list of, vii. 18, 285. 

Port Royal, destroyed, iii. 372. Account 
of expedition to, in 17d7, v. ]-!». Forces 
ordered to, vi. 256; vii. 2"27. Letter 
from Sir E. A mhos to Governor of, 183. 
Claimed by the French, 94. 

Portsmouth, New Hampshire, its churchea 
and ministers, ii. 309, 320. Firsl ( !hurch, 
iv. 292. Second and Third Chin (lies, 
293. Letter from, asking fur assistance 
Irom Massachusetts against the Indians 
in 1689, i. B8; vi. 218, 239. 

Port-mouth, Rhode Island, iii. 96: i\. '271. 

Portuguese massacre French Protestants 
at Brazil, ii. 7. 

Post, Frederick, vi. I 18. 


General Index. 

Postage, rates of, in 1693, vii. 52. In 

1710, 72. 
Post-office, documents relating to, 1639- 

1775, vii. 48. 
Post-riders, vii. 88, 89. 
Potter, John, i. 273. 
Potter, Mrs., ii. 297. 
Potter, Vincent, iii. 232. 
Potter, William, viii. 261. 
Potter, Vyncent, viii. 263. 
Potter, William, viii. 267. 
Potter, Francis, ib. 
Potter, Joseph, ib. 

Pount, or Pond, Thomas, viii. 262 ; x. 129. 
Powder, &c, in Boston and in the Castle, 
April, 1689, i. 87. 184 barrels in Cam- 
bridge in 1775, viii. 346. 
Powell, Michael, minister of a church in 
Boston, his apology to the General 
Court, i. 45. 

Powell, , minister of the new church 

in Boston, i. 50. 
Powhatan, iii. 372. 

Pownall, Gov. T., his letter to Gov. Hutch- 
inson, i. 148. A friend of Massachu- 
setts, 149 ; v. 6. 
Powows, Indian, iv. 19, 20, 50, 185-207; 

v. 154. 
Pratt, Benjamin, Chief Justice of New 

York, ii. 98, 99. 
Pratt, Aaron, ii. 98. 
Pratt, Capt, v. 129. 
Prayer, to be attended daily in the army 

in Philip's War, i. 67. 
Praying Indians, tracts relating to, iv. 1 - 

Preaching in the army in Philip's War, i. 

Preble, Capt. John, ix. 89. 
Prence, Thomas, Governor of Plymouth, 
ii. 266, 267; iii. 379, 381, 388, 389- 
Prentiss, Rev. Caleb, ii. 98. 
Presbyterian Church in Providence, ii. 71. 
Presbyterians flock to Gen. Monck, x. 29. 
Presbyteries, erected in England in 1572, 

iii. 364. 
Prescot, Capt., vi. 259. 
Prescott, Widow, i. 156. 
Prescott, Col. Benjamin, ii. 279. 
Prescott, Rev. [Benjamin?], v. 223, 226. 
Prescott, William H., vii. 294. History 
of Ferdinand and Isabella, quotation 
from, viii. 5. His Memoir of Hon. 
John Pickering, LL. D., x. 204. 
Prescott, Hon. William, ix. 224. 
Press licensed, vii. 171. 
Preston, Sir Amias, iii. 369. 
Preston, Edward, viii. 252. 
Preston, Roger, viii. 256. 
Preston, Daniel, viii. 262. 
Preston, William, viii. 272. 
Preston, Marie, ib. 
Preston, Elizabeth, ib. 
Preston, Sara, ib. 

Preston, Jo., viii. 272. 
Preston, Edward, x. 22. 

Prestwood, , viii. 302. 

revost, Mons., vii. 118. 
Price, Ezekiel, i. 288 ; vii. 17. 
Price, John, iv. 289. 

Price, Rev. , v. 229. 

Price, Ralph, viii. 311. 

Prices of several articles in Plymouth 
from 1633 to 1685, ii. 268. 

Prichard, Capt., viii. 252. 

Prichard, Capt., ix. 272. 

Pride, [Col. John], one of the Judges of 
Charles I., ii. 354. 

Prideaux, Dr., ix. 265. 

Pridgeon, Mr., iii. 98. 

Prier, Jo., viii. 272. 

Priestley's Lectures on History cited, vii. 

Priests and Friars frustrate a design to ex- 
change prisoners, vi. 262. 

Prin, or Pring, Capt., sent to New Eng- 
land, iii. 51; vi. 53. 

Prince, Widow Elizabeth, i. 158. 

Prince, Rev. Dr. John, of Salem, i. 288. 
Memoir of, v. 271 ; vii. 17. 

Prince, Rev. Thomas, ii. 272; v. 230; vi. 
159 ; vii. 7 ; viii. 243. His introduction 
to Mason's History quoted, vi. 176. An- 
nals referred to, 46, 173; ix. 48. A 
new edition of his chronology edited by 
Hon. N. Hale, vii. 7. Portrait of, 290. 
Errors of, corrected, ix. 49. 

Prince, Henry, vi. 99. 

Prince, Thomas, viii. 304. 

Prince, Bernard, ib. 

Prince. See Prence. 

Prince Edward, son of George III., v. 

Prince of Orange, i. 100, 106. 

Printers, names of republican, in the Com- 
monwealth of England, ii. 335. 

Printing-press set up in New England, iii. 
382. Licensed, vii. 171. 

Pring, Capt. Martin, iii. 51. 

Prioleau, Rev. Elias, ii. 56. 

Prioleau, Samuel, ib. 

Prioleau, Dr. Thomas G., ib. 

Prioli, Anthoine, ib. 

Priolo, Benjamin, ib. 

Prisoners in Canada, exchange of, prevent- 
ed by priests and friars, vi. 262. 

Prison Discipline Society, iii. 407. 

Privateer enemy, to be suppressed by 
Capt. Kidd, i. 122. 

Privateering condemned, vi. 109. 

Probert, Charles K., viii. 314. 

Proceedings of Congress held at Albany 
in 1754, v. 5. 

Proclamation for Fast, 30 Jan. 1688-9, 
i. 83. 

Procter, John, viii. 258. 

Procter, Martha, ib. 

Procter, Marie, ib. 

Proctor, Nathaniel, ii. 63. 

General Index. 


'rogers, , ii. 334. 

iposals to ami from Capi. :\n 
VVaJkington, i. 122, l&J. 

Proposals for ao expedition against Can- 
ada, X. 119. 

Proteetanl nations accounted " heretics 

and (fogfl " by the Pope, X. 27. 

Protestants in New England declare for 
the Prince of Orange, i. 100. 

Protestants of France, sketch of the en- 
tire history of, ii. 1 -83; ix. 258. 

Protestants, French, at Oxford, Massachu- 
setts, memoir of, ii. l. 

Protestants, greal persecution of, from 
Romanists, feared before the downfall 
of the Papacy, x. 27,28, 40. 

Protestants ami Turks, " the sword-fish 
and the thrasher" of " the Popish Le- 
viathan," x. 40. 

Prout, Ebenezer, Clerk of the House of 
Representatives, i. 90 ; iv. 291. 

Prout, Timothy, iv. 289. 

Providence, Rhode Island, inhabitants ad- 
dress the Governor and Assistants of 
Massachusetts, giving intelligence "of 
the insolent and riotous carriages of 
Samuel Gorton and his company, i. 2. 
Bought ofNarraganset sachems, 215, 219. 
Claimed hy Plymouth, ii. 267. Epis- 
copal church at, 70. Efforts to establish 
a Presbyterian church in, 71 ; hi. 97 ; 
iv. 13."). Houses burnt there by Indians, 
vi. L83; viii. 290. Roger Williams set- 
tles at, ix. 209. River, ii. 59. 

Providence Island, taken hy the Span- 
iards, iii. 381. 

Provincial Congress, vii. 89. Journal of, 
ix. 172. 

Provost, Bishop, v. 262. 

Prudden, Peter, viii. 247. 

Prudence Island, i. 168. 

Fryer, Daniel, viii. 272. 

Public schools established by law in 1647, 
viii. 214. 

Puddington, Lieut., i. 86. 

Puerto Santo Island discovered, iii. 359. 

Puggamugga River, vii. 159. 

Pui-AIontbrun, [Le Comte de], ii. 16. 

Pulcifer, or Pulsifer, Benedict, vi. 203. 

Pullin-point, iii. 317. 

Pumhom and others taken into the juris- 
diction and government of Massachu- 
setts, i. 5. Accused by Randall Hol- 
den, 10. 

Pummakummim, sachem ofQunnubbagge, 
offers himself and his men to worship 
God, desires to be instructed by the 
English, iv. 191. Or Pummakommin, 
ix. 292. 

Purchas's Pilgrims referred to, viii. 69. 
Extracts from, 70-81. 

Purchess, , viii. 320. 

Purchis, Oliver, iv. 290. 

Puritan church policy, began in Geneva 
in 1536, iii. 36-. 

Puritan fathers, America indebted to for 
< i\ il and religious liberty , ix. 29 

Puritans in England in l5Go, iii. :'.<>:!. Per- 
secuted in Lngland, rt move to Holland, 
i\. 44, 45. 'I'll, ii c suae proaperou in 
England, x. 2. 

Purpooduck attacked bj Indians, ri 848. 

Purryer, William, \ iii. 263. 

Purryer, Mary, ib. 

Purr) er, Sara, ib. 

Pun \ er, Nathan, ib. 

Purryer, Alyce, ib. 

Putkammer, , ix. 64. 

Putman. See Pulnam. 

Putnam, Ann, i. 124. 125, 126. 

Putnam, Lieut. Nathaniel, m 172, 177, 

Putnam, John, Sen., iii. 172. 
Putnam, Deacon, iii. 171. 
Putnam, Joseph, iii. 176. 
Putnam, Captain, iii. 177. 
Putnam, Rev. John M., iii. 189. 
Putnam, Nathaniel, iv. 289. 
Putnam, John, ib. 
Putnam, Cant., v. 190. 
Putnam, Col., viii. 347. 
Putnam, Hon. Samuel, x. 209. 
Puxton, John, x. 135. 
Psalms of David translated into French 

metre, ii. 4. 
Pwokatuck, ix. 283. 
Pym, John, ix. 204. 
Pvnchon, John, Assistant, i. ISO. 
Pynchon, John, Jr., vii. 50. 
Pynder, Mary, viii. 259. 
Pynder, Francis, ib. 
Pynder, Marie, ib. 
Pynder, Joanna, ib. 
Pynder, Anna, ib. 
Pynder, Katherin, ib. 
Pynder, Jo., ib. 

Quabagud, iv. 125. 

Quaboag, vi. 233. Or Quabaug, now 

Brookfield, 259. 
Quack, viii. 167. Called York by Capt. 

Levett, 168. See York. 
Quakers, ii. 351, 352; iii. 316, 331, 388. 

At the conference with Western Indians 

in 1793, v. 176; vi. 250, 267 ; vii. 239, 
240; viii. 295, 340; x. 25, 28, 41. 

Q , R , vii i 

Quanonchet, sachem of the Narraganscts, 

vi. 184. 
Queries, Francis, iii. 226. 
Quarry, Col., his memorial on the state 

of tfie American colonies, vii. tl'l'l. 
Quarter Courts, iii. 83, 84. 
Quebec, French there design to subline 

N,w England, i. in-- in, «,>:vj ; j v 238 
Quebec Historical Society, \ '.".'I. 
Quedar, v. bl, 83, 92. 


General Index. 

Queen Elizabeth, ix. 32, 229. 

Queen Anne's instructions to Governor 
J. Dudley, ix. 101. 

Queenapiok, vi. 13. 

Questions proposed to petitioners, (see 
Mass. Hist. Coll., Vol. VIII., Sec. Se- 
ries, pp. 103 et seq.,) i. 60. 

Quick's Synodicon quoted, ii. 2, 3, 4, 5, 
16, 49, 50, 55. 

Quillypieck, iii. 166. 

Quinapeag, or New Haven, iii. 73, 98. 

Quincy, Hon. Josiah, i. 289, 292, 293, 
294, 298; ii. 367 ; iii. 406 ; v. 293, 296, 
297; vi. 299. His letter, inclosing a 
letter from Gen. E. Mattoon to him, 
283. Desirous to produce a mutual ac- 
commodation for several literary soci- 
eties in Boston, vii. 16, 25, 275, 288, 
289, 290. His Memoir of James Gra- 
hame, ix. 1. His History of Harvard 
University referred to, 33. 

Quincy, Edmund, iv. 290. 

Quincy, John, vii. 85. 

Quincy, Josiah, Jr., vii. 294. 

Quinebaug River, ii. 76. 

Quitrents introduced by Sir E. Andros, 
vii. 169. 

Qunnihticut, ix. 287, 300. River, i. 161, 
164. See Connecticut. 

Qunnubagge, sachem of, iv. 191. 

Quo Warranto against the charter of Mas- 
sachusetts, i. 76, 79. Writs of, served 
on Connecticut and Rhode Island, vii. 
154, 177. 

Quochecho, massacre by Indians at, vi. 
207, 208, 228, 239. 

Quoddy Indians, vocabulary of words in 
their language, iii. 181. 

Quonahassit, vi. 108. 

Quononoqut bought of Indian sachems, 
i. 215. 


Rafn, Professor C. C, ii. 368; iii. 406, 
408 ; vii. 292. 

Raiment, , vii. 257. 

Rainsford, Edward, viii. 266. 

Ralegh, Sir Walter, iii. 239, 312, 363, 366, 
367, 369, 370, 373; vi. 105; viii. 69, 83, 
85. Sends a bark to search out his col- 
ony in Virginia, 94, 95, 148. 

Ram, George, viii. 267. 

Ramsay, Ephraim, i. 291. 

Ramsay, Hon. David, ib. His History of 

' South Carolina referred to, ii. 55. 

Ramsay, Martha Laurens, Memoirs of, re- 
ferred to, ib. 

Rand, Dr. Isaac, i. 289. 

Rand, Rev. John, iii. 184. 

Rand, Edward S., vii. 294. 

Randall, , vii. 298. 

Randolph, Edward, letter from Walter 
Clarke to, i. 81, 222. And others, com- 

missioners to examine as to the title to 
the King's Province, 227. Secretary, 
227 ; vi. 204. Collector, his instruc- 
tions, vii. 129. Letter to the Lord 
Treasurer of England, 154, 157. Sec- 
retary, 151, 153, 158, 167, 170, 173. 
His commission, 161, 191 ; viii. 331. 

Randolph, Edmund, i. 291. 

Randolph, Beverley, commissioner to treat 
with the Indians, v. 109 - 176. 

Randolph, , vii. 298. 

Ranton, Sir Nicholas, viii. 259. 

Rantoul, Robert, his account of Beverly, 
vii. 250. Memoir of Rev. John Hale, 

Rapin's History of England quoted, ii. 11, 
345, 349-356. 

Rashley, Rev. , iii. 99, 100. 

Rasles's Dictionary, x. 217. 

Ratcliff, Rev. , v. 199. 

Ratcliffe, , viii. 323. 

Rathbun, John, vi. 266. 

Ratstock, Joshua, vii. 186. 

Ravenscroft, Samuel, vii. 195. 

Rawlin, Jane, viii. 261 ; x. 129. 

Rawlings, Jean, ii. 60. 

Rawson, Edward, i. 32. Secretary, 35, 
51. Directed to write to the Governor 
of New Haven to discharge his duty in 
the apprehension of Col. Whalley and 
. GorTe, 52. By order of the General 
Court, proclaims Charles II., 53, 62 ; iii. 
210 ; vii. 50, 106, 119, 121, 123, 125, 
126. Andros's committee to receive 
the General Court records from, 162; 
viii. 212, 341 ; x. 88, 101, 108. 

Rawson, , iv. 177. 

Ray, Simon, Esq., vi. 266, 267. 

Raye, , ix. 226. 

Rayment, John, vii. 253, 268. 

Rayment, William, ib. 

Raymond, William, iv. 290. 

Raymond, Capt. William, vii. 268. 

Raymond, , x. 30. 

Rayner, Rev. John, ii. 307, 308; iii. 95. 

Rayner, Rev. John, Jr., ii. 307, 308. 

Raynor, Thurston, x. 141, 142. 

Raynor, Elizabeth, x. 141. 

Raynor, Thurston, x. 142.j 

Raynor, Joseph, ib. 

Raynor, Elizabeth, ib. 

Raynor, Sarah, ib. 

Raynor, Lidia, ib. 

Raynor, Edward, ib. 

Raynton, Sir Nich., viii. 254. 

Razilly, vii. 93. 

Read, William, viii. 269. 

Read, Mabell, ib. 

Read, George, ib. 

Read, Ralph, ib. 

Read, Justice, ib. 

Read, Sir John, viii. 343. 

Reade, Col., x. 38. 

Reading, iii. 325; iv.290; vi.277. Church, 
iii. 384. 

General Index, 


Readings, John, viii. 244, 245, 246. 

Reasons against sending a Governor to 
New England, i. LSI. 

Recaldus, Johannes Martin ub, iii. 368. 

Record Office, London, viii. 273. 

Records of Plymouth Colony transcribed 
under the superintendence of Benjamin 
R. Nichols, ii. 263. Account of, 268 
271 ; \ . 254. Of the Commissioners of 
the United Colonics, ii. 264. And doc- 
uments of the General Coin! of Massa- 
chusetts, copies of, to be procured from 
England and France, vii. 155, 162; ix. 
187. Scotch, placed in the Towerof Lon- 
don, ii. 388. 

" Redeemed Captive returning to Zion," 
Rev. Mr. Williams author of, vi. 253. 

Redknap, Col., v. 190, 192, 

Redwood Library Company, i. 205. 

Reeve, William, viii. 262. 

Reeves, Jo., viii. 252. 

Reeves, Thomas, x. 88, 

Reeves, Thomas, x. 145. 

Reformed churches in Franco, account of, 
by Rev. Abiel Holmes, ii. L-83. 

Reformed religion, exercise of, abolished 
in France, ii. 20. 

Register of Deeds' otlice in Plymouth, 
original records of Plymouth Colony 
deposited in, ii. 263. 

Rehoboth church, viii. 293. 

Reid, Mrs., ix. 20. 

Remolds, William, i. 4. 

Relation, P. Vincent's, of the late battle 
fought in New England hetvveen the 
English and the Pequots, 1637, reprint- 
ed, vi. 29. 

Relation of Indian plot to destroy the 
English in L642, iii. 161. 

Reld, Gabriell, viii. 272. 

Hemes, , ii. 61. 

Remington, , ix. 124. 

Renne, , i. 82. 

Rensselaer, John, v. 23. 

Rensselaer, , x. 187. 

Reporter of Decisions of the Supreme Ju- 
dicial Court of Massachusetts, ii. '2!»U. 

Representative government of New Eng- 
land, origin of, viii. 204. 

Representatives to the General Court first 
chosen, ix. 203, 204. List of, lG^'J- 
1692, iv. 289-292. 

Restoration of Charles II., x. 42. 

"Retired Man's Meditations," published 
hy Sir Henry Vane, x. ID. 

Revised Statutes of Massachusetts, x. 216. 

Revolution of 1689. Account of forces, 
&c, by Sir E. Andros, i. 85, 104; vi. 

Revolution, American, Medals of, describ- 
ed, vi. 2! •(). 

Reynur, John, viii. 24S. 

Reyner, Jonathan, x. 88. 

Reynolds, Rev. , v. 199. 

Reynolds, Henry, vii. 182, 183. 

he taken from 
in" u illnn the 

: Reynolds, Joseph, vii I --'. 183 
Et< \ nolds, Jamei , vii. 183. 

R( \ nolds, .lame-,, Jr , ih. 

j Kr\ nolds, Francis, ib. 

Reynolds, Sarah, t. 141. 

|{. \ nor, Joseph, t. 38. 

Rhode Island, land said to 
the Pequita, claimed as i> 
Colony of, i. 54. Governor of, writt< n 
to by Roger w illiams, 71 . Charter 

granted Lo62, 95, Charter ;nul j » i i \ i - 

leges violently taken away in l68o, 96. 
Formerly called Aquednetick, 160,212. 
("apt. Hutchinson one of the purchasers 
of, 213. Bought of Narragansi I la- 
chems, 215. And Providence Planta- 
tions, charter granted to, 218. Appoint 

a committee to see the commission of 

President Joseph Dudley, 227. As- 
BUmeS the government of the King's 
Province or iNarraganset, 228 J iii. 209, 
316. Send Commissioners to Albany, 
v. 13; viii. 334. Governor and Coun- 
cil's letter to Connecticut, x. 82. An- 
swer letter from J. Winthrop, Jr., to 
Governor and Council of, 83. Charter 
of, procured, ix. 26-28, 183. Founded 

by Roger Williams, 206, 210, 271, 278, 
280, 281, 286. Writ of duo Warranto 
served on, vii. 154. Charter ol", Bur- 
rendered, 162, 164, 168,300. 

Rhode Island Historical Society, ii. 366 J 
V. 206. Collections of, referred to, ix. 28. 

Rjba, , ii. 334. 

Ribald, John, iii. 363. 

Rice, Henry G., i. 274. 

Rice, Nathan, iii. 407; vi. 294. 

Pice, Col. Nathan, ix. 76. 

Rice, Sophia, ib. 

Rich, Col., i. 184. 

Rich, Obadiah, i. 280; v. 293; vi. 96; 
viii. 288. His Catalogue referred to, 293. 

Richards, Mercy, i. 151. 

Richards, Benjamin, i. 155. 

Richards, Rev. Dr. James, i. 291. 

Richards, John, i. 248, 252, 262; x 47,120. 

Richards, Widow, ii. 205. 

Richards, John, vii. 214. 

Richards, , x. 33. 

Richardson, Philip, ii. 205. 

Richardson, Hannah, ii. 296,297. 

Richardson, Josiah, iv. 291. 

Richardson, Stephen, \ i. 268. 

Richardson, George, Alii- '200. 

Richardson, Henry, viii. 276. 

Richardson, Mary, ib. 

Richardson, , viii. 200. 

Richardson, Edward, ix. 00. 

Richardson, Amos, x. 38, 47. 

Richardson, , x. 60, 

Richhel, , x. 86. 

Richelieu, Cardinal, ii. 18, 10; 

Richmans Island, iii. 345. 

Richmond, Duke of, vi. 33. 

Riddlesden, Marie, viii. 259. 



General Index* 

Ridley, Richard, viii. 255. 

Right, Timothy, Indian, i. 152. 

Rines, William, ii. 296. 

Ring, Joseph, vi. 251. 

Ringht, Robert, x. 145. 

Ringht, John, ib. 

Ripley, Rev. Samuel, i. 289. 

River Indians, v. 34, 52, 55. Speech of, 
57. Account of first landing of the 
English, 57, 62, 63. 

Rivers, Earl, ix. 178 ; x. 161. 

Rivet, , ii. 48. 

Robbins, Rev. Chandler, vii. 290; ix.304. 

Robbins, Robert, viii. 268. 

Roberts, Abigail, i. 158. 

Roberts, Robert, x. 135. 

Robertson's America referred to, ix. 42, 

" Robin Doney," vi. 235. 

Robinson, Sir John, i. 66. 

Robinson, Rev. David, ii. 303. 

Robinson, William, iii. 389. 

Robinson, , vii. 297. 

Robinson, Capt. Robert, v. 206. 

Robinson, Rev. John, viii. 246, 248, 249. 
Account of, and of his church at Ley- 
den, ix. 42 - 74. His sickness and 
death, 54. Fac-simile of the record of 
his burial, 71. 

Robinson, Robert, viii. 252. 

Robinson, Nicholas, viii. 267. 

Robinson, Elizabeth, ib. 

Robinson, Sara, ib. 

Robinson, Jo., ib. 

Robinson, Kat., ib. 

Robinson, Mary, ib. 

Robinson, Isaac, viii. 272. 

Robinson's Memoirs of Reformation in 
France quoted, ii. 2, 11, 16, 17, 19, 24, 26. 

Robley, Matilda, ix. 5. 

Rochelle City, declares for the Protestants, 
ii. 8. Taken from the Protestants in 
1625, 19. Citizens driven out and ex- 
iled, 20. Apply to Massachusetts gov- 
ernment for leave to inhabit there, which 
is readily granted, 27, 57 ; ix. 258. 

Rochester, vii. 182. 

Rochester, N. H., its churches and minis- 
ters, ii. 313; iii. 188; iv. 293. 

Rocket, Joseph, ii. 74, 75. 

Rocraft, Capt., vi. 62, 63. 

Rodgers, John, vii. 172. 

Rodman, Dr. John, vi. 267. 

Rodney, Capt., vi. 273. 

Rofe, Barbery, viii. 272 ; x. 130. 

Roger, James, viii. 261. 

Roger, Sym., viii. 270. 

Rogers, Rev. Ezekiel, of Rowley, his let- 
ter to Governor Winthrop, i. 26: iii. 93; 
viii. 248 ; x. 163, 166. 

Rogers, , i. 199. 

Rogers, Rev. John, of Dedham, Eng., i. 
236. His epitaph, viii. 309; x. 162, 164. 

Rogers, Rev. Daniel, of Exeter, ii. 319. 

Rogers, Rev. John, of Ipswich, ii. 320. 

Rogers, Rev. John, President of Harvard 
College, ii. 320 ; x. 165. 

Rogers, Dr. John S., ii. 368 ; v. 292, 295. 

Rogers, Rev. Nathaniel, of Ipswich, iii. 
93, 380; viii. 248, 249; x. 164, 165, 166. 

Rogers, Rev. John, of Portsmouth, v. 182. 

Rogers, J. Smyth, v. 300. 

Rogers, Robert, vi. 211. 

Rogers, Capt., vi. 256. 

Rogers, John, of Kittery, vi. 275. 

Rogers, Capt., vii. 241. 

Rogers, Obadiah, x. 88. 

Rogers, Rev. Richard, Lecturer of "VVeth- 
ersfield, author of " The Seven Trea- 
tises," and other books of great use, x. 
162, 163. 

Rogers, Nathaniel, x. 163. 

Rogers, Rev. Daniel, of Wethersfield, 
Eng., ib. 

Rogers, Ezra, ib. 

Rogers, Sarah, ib. 

Rogers, Rev. Daniel, x. 164. 

Rogers, Nathaniel, x. 165. 

Rogers, John, ib. 

Rogers, Samuel, ib. 

Rogers, Timothy, ib. 

Rogers, Margaret, ib. 

Rogers Family, x. 162-167; viii. 309. 

Rolf, John, iii. 372. 

Roman Catholics in Rhode Island, v. 244. 

Rome, account of its antiquities, &c, pub- 
lished by Gamaliel Bradford, Esq., i. 
204. Causes of its rise and fall, vi. 122. 

Romilly, Rev. Joseph, viii. 248. 

Romish religion renounced, vi. 211. 

Rookeman, John, viii. 266. 

Rookeman, Elizabeth, ib. 

Roote, Josiah, Sen., vii. 256. 

Roote, Ralph, viii. 266. 

Roote, Mary, viii. 267. 

Rootes, Joseph, vii. 260. 

Rootes, Susanna, vii. 262. 

Rootes, Jos., viii. 275. 

Rose, Capt. John, vii. 93. 

Rose, Henry, viii. 320. 

Rose, , ix. 262. 

Rose, Robert, x. 143, 144. 

Rose, John, x. 144. 

Rose, Elizabeth, ib. 

Rose, Mary, ib. 

Rose, Samuel, ib. 

Rose, Sarah, ib. 

Rose, Daniel, ib. 

Rose, Dorcas, ib. 

Rose, Margery, ib. 

Roswell, Sir Henry, iii. 326. 

Rosier, James, viii. 69. His relation of 
Waymouth's voyage to America in 1605, 
viii. 125 -157^ 

Ross, Jan, ix. 65. 

Rosseter, Bryan, letter to J. Winthrop, Jr. 
about taxes, x. 73 - 76. 

Rossiter, , viii. 303. 

Rous, , ii. 343. 

Rous, , x. 28. 

(lenc nil Judex. 


Rouse, Cant., vi. '276. 

Rowdon, Elisabeth, her petition to Sir E. 

Amlros, vii. 181. 
Rowdon, John, ib. 
Elowe, Mrs., v. 900,906. 

Rows, , v. 906. 

Rowland, Rev. William F., iv. 896. 
Rowley, iii. 394 ; iv. 200 ; vi. 827: x. 

Rovvtnn, Richard, viii. 260 ; x. 128. 
Rowton, Ann, ib. 

Rowton, Edmond, ib. 

Roxbury allow Mr. Elliot and Mr. Dan- 
forth, their ministers, each £60 per an- 
num, i. 50; iii. 318; iv. 201 ; ix. 804. 

Royal Society at Copenhagen, v. 205. 
Of Northern Antiquaries, vi. 207. 

Royal Society of London, letter to John 
Winthrop, Jr., x. 47, 71. Recommen- 
dation of his grandson, J. Winthrop, to, 

121. Thanks of the Society to him, 

122, 124-126. 
Royal, Michael, vi. 275. 
Rubila, a medicine, x. 36, 37, 43. 
Ruck, John, iv. 289. 

Ruck, , v.215. 

Ruggells, John, viii. 254 ; x. 128. 
Ruggells, Barbaric, viii. 254. 
Ruggles, Joseph, ii. 278. 
Ruggles, Sarah, ii. 319. 
Ruggles, Samuel, iv. 201 


effects, ii. 61. Kills many of them, iii. 
304. Selling of, to Indians, to be pro- 
hibited, v. 57, 60, 67 ; vi. 167. 

Rumball, Thomas, viii. 273. 

Rumble, Thomas, iii. 143. 

Rumford, Benjamin T., Count, i. 291; 
viii. 278, 270. 

Rumney-marsh, iii. 75, 322. 

Rupe, , iii. 216. 

Rusco, William, viii. 258. 

Rusco, Rebecca, ib. 

Rusco, Sara, ib. 

Rusco, Marie, ib. 

Rusco, Samuel, ib. 

Rusco, William, ib. 

Rush, Dr. Benjamin, vi. 290. 

Russell, Rev. John, i. 44. 

Russell, , i. 117. 

Russell, Rev. Daniel, called to settle in 
Charlestovvn, several brethren dissent, 
their reasons, i. 248. Proceedings of 
the church in relation to, 248-264. 

Russell, James, i. 255-264. 

Russell, Hon. James, ii. 287. 

Russell, Rebecca, ib. 

Russell, George, viii. 256. 

Russell, William, x. 88. 

Russell, James, x. 120. 

Rust, Rev. Henry, ii. 307. 

Rust, Nathaniel, iv. 291. 

Rutterford, , x. 36, 37. 

Ryal, , vi. 204. 

vol. x. 43 

Rum, sold to the Indians by incorrigible 
rumsellers, complaint of its baneful 

Rye, New 1 lampahire, its ohtlififa and nun 

isters, ii. 300 ; iv. 993 

S , II , viii. 895. 

Babando, , i 3. 

Sabbatarian doctrine; published, iii. 369. 

Sabbath, viii. 201. Not to be profaned 
by the army in Philip's War, i. <>7. 
Indians careful to sanctify, iv. 51, -V-'. 

Post-rider lined for violation of, vu. 


Sabin, , ii. 53. 

Sabran, , vii. 104. 

Sachachanimo, his sickness and reoovecj, 

iv. 78, 114. 
Sacheverell, Dr., v. 201 -205. 
Saco, olliccrs and soldiers at, desert, in 
1689, i.86; iii. 345; vi. 206,907,217: 
Fort, 233, 238, 240, 243, 248. River, 
i. 86, 102. Harbour, viii. 165, 167. 

Sacodehock. See Sagadahock. 

Sacomb, Capt., v. 100. 

Saconet, now Little Compton, squaw- 
sachem of, submits to the English, vi. 

Sacred music, revival of, in France, ii. 4. 

Sadamoyt, the great sagamore of the East 
Country in 1623, viii. 168, 174. 

Sadler, Richard, ii. 130, 131, 133. 

Sadler, Anne, viii. 317. 

Sadler, , ib. 

Salfacomoit, Indian, carried to England, 
viii. 145, 157. 

Saffin, Hon. John, letter from Cotton 
Mather to, i. 137. Dies, 130. 

Saffin, Mrs., i. 137. 

Sagadahock (or Kennebec) fort, i. 85. 
iii. 22, 51, 313, 345, 347; vi. 107. 
Treaty with the Indians at, i. 112; vi. 
225, 228. River, vi. 83. Western col- 
ony planted at, by Sir John Pophain, 
105, 117; viii. 169. 

Sagamores, fall to variance after the death 
of the Bashaba, vi. 90. Masters of ships 
so-called by the Indians, viii. 178. 

Sagoquas, vi. 108. 

Saiconke burnt by Indians, x. 117. 

Saiewell, James, viii. 267. 

Saiewell, Robert, ib. 

Saiewell, Suzan, ib. 

Salazar, Jose M., iii. 408. 

Salem, relief afforded by, to French Prot- 
estants, ii. 62; iii. 15. Capt. Smith's 
account of planting of, 33. Called by 
the natives Naemkecke, by Charles I. 
Bastable, by the planters Salem, 34, 45, 
323, 325, 341. The first town built in 
Massachusetts, 376. Supposed witch- 
craft at, 160 ; iv. 289. First church, v. 
272, 282 ; vi. 42 ; vii. 15, 89. Settle- 
ment of, 254. Suffers great loss in the 
French and Indian wars, 202, 205, 206. 


General Index. 

Marblehead formerly a part of, 249. 
Beverly formerly belonged to, 250. First 
house in, 252. Settled, viii. 200. Con- 
vention there in 1643, 203, 345. Fort, 
333. Disfranchised, ix. 208. Church, 
206 - 209. Vessel of war sent from, 
against the Dutch, x. 100, 209, 215. 

Salem village. See Danvers. 

Salem, New Hampshire, its church and 
ministers, ii. 317 ; iv. 293. 

Salem, Annals of, by Rev. Joseph B. Felt, 
a valuable publication, vii. 25. 

Sales, Francis, ii. 58. 

Salisbury, Massachusetts, iii. 324 ; iv. 290. 

Salisbury, New Hampshire, iii. 185. 

Sail, Edward, viii. 262. 

Sallmon, John, vii. 247. 

Sallows, Hannah, vii. 256. 

Sallust, works of, edited by Hon. J. Pick- 
ering and D. A. White, x. 209. 

Salmon Falls, vi. 210, 212. 

Saloway, Major , i. 196. 

Salt made at Plymouth, iii. 28. 

Salt springs, v. 121. 

Saltworks, x. 49-53. 

Salter, Sampson, viii. 319. 

Salterne, — , vii. 300. 

Saltonstall, Richard, Jr., i. 63 ; iii. 94 ; 
vii. 108; viii. 247, 249, 258, 314; ix. 
122; x. 131. 

Saltonstall, , i. 63. 

Saltonstall, Hon. Leverett, i. 289. Notice 
of the Life of, ix. 117. Ancestors of, 

Saltonstall, Sir Richard, iii. 137, 326, 377; 
vii. 93, 101 ; viii. 247, 313, 314; ix. 119, 
120, 121. 

Saltonstall, Henry, viii. 251 ; ix. 122. 

Saltonstall, Mernall, viii. 258. 

Saltonstall, Gilbert, viii. 314. 

Saltonstall, Samuel, viii. 314 ; ix. 119. 

Saltonstall, Gilbert, ib. 

Saltonstall, Dr. Nathaniel, ix. 117. His 
children, 125. 

Saltonstall, Gurdon, ix. 123. 

Saltonstall, Richard, ib. 

Saltonstall, Nathaniel, ib. 

Saltonstall, Major Nathaniel, ix. 123; x, 

Saltonstall, Judge Richard, ix. 124. 

Saltonstall, Nathaniel, ib. 

Saltonstall, Col. Richard, ix. 125. 

Salvaterra, , iii. 363. 

Samford, , ix. 255, 257. 

Samond, William, viii. 262. 

Samoset, an Indian chief, ix. 212. 

Sampson, Rev. Ezra, i. 291 ; x. 188. 

Sampson, Capt., vi. 250, 278. 

Sampson, John, vii. 253. 

Samuel, Capt., vi. 248. 

Sanborne, Abigail, ii. 295. 

Sanders, Robert, v. 23. 

Sandford, Jo., vii. 165. 

Sandford, William, viii. 275. 

Sandifort, Professor, ix. 58. 

Sandown, New Hampshire, church and 
ministers of, ii. 321 ; iii. 189; iv. 293. 

Sands, Capt. James, vi. 198, 201, 221, 265, 

Sands, Capt. John, vi. 199. 

Sands, Mrs. Sarah, skilled in surgery, ib. 
Her child drowned, 200, 221. 

Sands, Samuel, vi. 221. 

Sands, , ix. 294. 

Sanford, John, i. 235. 

Sanford, Thomas, vii. 124. 

Sanford, John, x. 83. 

Sandwich, formerly Duxbury, iii. 316. 
Indians, iv. 177. First Parish, v. 282. 

Sandy Beach, vi. 227. 

Sankey, Robert, viii. 259. 

San Salvador, island of, discovered, viii. 8. 

Sansom, Richard, viii. 264 ; x. 129. 

Sargent, Hon. Winthrop, i. 291. 

Sargent, William, iv. 290. 

Sargent, Col. Henry, vii. 285, 288. 

Sarjant, Rev. , of Maiden, iii. 386. 

Sasanou, mountain of, vi. 120. 

Sasawin, or Sequassin, sachem of Sicaogg, 
iii. 161. 

Sassacus, or Sasacous, i. 161 ; ix. 300. 
Or Sassachus, chief commander of the 
Pequots, vi. 28, 39, 157, 166, 167. 
Killed, 171. 

Sassamun, i. 163. 

Sassenow, Indian sagamore, vi. 54. 

Satquin, iii. 22. 

Satquin [Seguin ?], vi. 120. 

Saugus, iii. 322. 

Saunders, Capt., v. 190. 

Saunders, Martin, viii. 254. 

Saunders, Rachel, ib. 

Saunders, Lea, ib. 

Saunders, Judith, ib. 

Saunders, Maria, ib. 

Saunderson, Bishop, x. 148. 

Saurin, James, ii. 2. Account of the suf- 
ferings of the Huguenots, 23-26. His 
father an eminent Protestant lawyer, 
24, 25. 

Sausaman, John, discovers Philip's plot 
against the English, murdered by the 
Indians, vi. 182. 

Sauuage (or Savage), Abraham, ii. 60. 

Savage, Thomas, and others, committee 
of the General Court, their report con- 
cerning maintenance of Suffolk minis- 
ters, i. 49. 

Savage, Major Thomas, his letter to the 
Governor and Council, i. 68. Sends a 
company to strengthen Hatfield in Phil- 
ip's war, 69. Commander of forts on 
Kennebec River, in the revolution of 
1689, seized Lieut.-Col. Macgregory, 84. 

Savage, Hon. James, i. 289, 292, 293, 294. 
President of the Massachusetts Historical 
Society, 298; ii. 258,367; iii. 405; v. 
291, 296 ; vi. 46, 299. His " Gleanings 
for New England History," being val- 
uable collections made by him in Eng- 

General Index. 


land, (il'ii;iim:s of early settlers, extracts 
from records, and account of MMUT08 
books and tracts written in iSew Hol- 
land, viii. SM2-348; x. 127- 178. I - 

tcr of James Uowdoin to, giving ac- 
count of MS. Journals of the Long, 

Little, &c., Parliaments, ii. 823. Win- 
Ihrop'i History of New England edited 

by, referred to, 21)!), 308, 3l2j iii. 399 ; 
vii. 7; viii. 11)3; x. 150-170. 
Sayage, Bphraim, v. 194. 

Savage Kock, viii. 73. 

gavelet, , vii. 300. 

Saxony, Duke of, joins with Sweden, be- 
sieges Magdeburg, subdues Bohemia and 
Moravia, i. 241. 

Saxton, Rev. Peter, iii. 1)6, 383; viii. 248, 

Say, Lord, iii. 137; vi. 4 ; vii. 127 ; viii. 
327, 330 ; ix. 204 ; x. 42. 

Saybrook Fort, vi. 7-35, 157,159. Built, 
x. 175, 176, 177. 

Sayer, Francis, x. 88. 

Sayer, Job, ib. 

Sayer, Daniel, ib. 

Sayers, James, viii. 275. 

Sayles, Cant. William, ii. 130, 133. 

Scales, Rev. James, of Hopkinton, i. 153. 

Scammell, Alexander, x. 187. 

Scanandanani, or Susquehanna, given by 
the Indians to Gov. Penn, v. 08. 

Scarlet, Capt., vii. 246. 

Schaticook and River Indians, v. 55, 57, 

-, G ~ 

Schenectade, i. 105. Or Schenectady, v. 

51, 60, 1)7. Description of, 114, 116. 

Attacked by Indians, vi. 210. 

Schlegel, William, v. 300. 

Schmoll, Bartholl Otto, vii. 180. 

Schoodak, iii. 181. 

School, petition to Sir E. Andros respect- 
ing, vii. 186. 

Schools, public, in Massachusetts, estab- 
lished by law in 1647, viii. 214. 

School Street, Boston, French Protestant 
church in, ii. 64. 

Schuyler, Col. Mynd't, v. 23. 

Schuyler, Major-General Philip, v. 75, 80, 
81,82, 100,113,114. 

Schuyler, Col., vi. 276. 

Sciatica cured, v. 233. 

Science of Sanctity, by Rev. Tho. Fes- 
senden, iii. 190. 

Scire Facias from the Court of Chancery 
against the charter of Massachusetts, I. 
96, 121. 

Scoales, Thomas, viii. 319. 

Scobell, Henry, clerk of the Long Parlia- 
ment, ii. 340, 343, 344, 345, 349. Letter 
of Nathaniel Brewster to, viii. 295. 

Scodook, alias Samson, Indian, vi. 246. 

Scollav, William, vii. 15. 

Scot, Philip, x. 30. 

Scot, Mrs., x. 41. 

Scotland, trials in for high treason, ix. 3 

Scot*, petition the i.'eiieral Court of Mai 
s;i< Imsetts, ii. 111. Defeated by Crom- 
well, i\. 277. And Welsh prison* '- 
sold u ilai at, ib 

Scott, Esther, i. 156. 

Scott, Sir Walter, L 291. 

Scott, Thomas, viii. 31 I 
SCOW, .Martha, x. III. 

Scott, Elizabeth, x. U'J. 
Scott, Abigail, ib. 

Scott, Thomas, ill. 

Scottish church at Rotterdam, ix. 65, 66. 

Scottish Presbyteriani and Covenanters 

defended, ix. 6. 
ScottOW, Joshua, vii. 119, 100. 
Seager, Lawrence, viii. 319. 
Seaman's Aid Society, vi. 299< 
Seaman, Lazarus, iv. 159. 
Searle, Edward, ix. 2)52. 
Sears, Hon. David, i. 274 ; x. 2:56. 
Sea-serpent at Cape Ann, iii. 228. 
Sea-sickness, recipe for prevention of, iii. 

Sebug or Sebago Lake, iii. 346. 
Seccasaw, vi. 108. 
Seeker, Archbishop, v. 231. 
Secretary of State's office, manuscript copy 

of Plymouth Colony records deposited 

in, ii. 265. 
Sedgwick, Major Robert, subdues French 

forts, i. 233; iii. 330; vii. 122; viii. 

317; x. 10. 
Sedgwick, Jo., viii. 272. 
Segar, William, viii. 314. 
Segocket, iii. 22; vi. 107, 117. 
Segotago, iii. 22; vi. 107. 
Seily, Lieut., iii. 148, 158 ; vi. 15. 
Selden, Mrs., ii. 286. 


:. 292. 

Sellin, Joan, viii. 261. 

Sellin, Ann, ib. 

Seneca chief, speech of, v. 125. 

Seneca Indians, v. 23. 

Senecas' River, ib. 

Senghnagenrat, Oneida sachem, speech 

of, v. 82. 
Sension, Nico. [Nicholas?], viii. 258. 
Senter, Dr. Isaac, i. 291. 
Sergeant, Peter, ii. 73. 
Sergeant, Mehetabell, ib. 
Sesquankit, i. 164. 
Sever, Rev. Nicholas, ii. 307, 308. 
Sewall, Hon. David, i. 289 ; vii. 17. 
Sewall, Rev. Edmund Q,., iii. 184. 
Sewall, Samuel, Chief Justice, iii. 406; 

vi. 46 ; viii. 243 ; ix. 124, 182 ; x. 121. 
Sewall, Samuel, v. 299. 
Sewall, Chief Justice Jonathan, v. 300. 
Sewall, Professor, x. 187. 
Sexton, Richard, viii. 27). 
Shafflin, Michael, viii. 320. 
Shannon, Lord, v. 209. 
Shannopin's town, v. 102. 
Shapleigh, , killed by Indians, vi. 

275. His son carried to Canada, ib. 


General Index. 

-, vi. 256. 

Sharkee, - 

Sharp, Robert, viii. 266 

Sharpe, Hor'o [Horatio ?], v. 17. 

Sharpe, John, letter to J. Winthrop, Jr., 
x. 108. Imprisoned, 109. 

Shashin River, iii. 324. 

Shattuck, Lemuel, ii. 366; iii. 408; v. 295, 
300 ; vi. 296 ; vii. 293, 295. 

Shaw, Thomas, i. 222. 

Shaw, William S., i. 289, 292, 296 ; ix. 170. 

Shaw, Rev. William, ii. 97. 

Shaw, Rev. Josiah C, of Cohasset, ii. 97, 

Shaw, Rebecca, ii. 296. 

Shaw, Rebecca, ii. 297. 

Shaw, Rev. Naphtali, ii. 311. 

Shaw, William, ib. 

Shaw, Rev. Jeremiah, iii. 183. 

Shaw, Hon. Lemuel, v. 300. 

Shawanese Indians remove to Ohio, v. 46, 
94. Towns burnt, v. 161. 

Shawanese language, the Lord's Prayer 
in, v. 286, 287. 

Shawanon, sachem of Nashawog, iv. 81. 

Sheafe, Samson, vii. 49. 

Shedraguscett, Indian sagamore, viii. 174. 

Sheepscott assaulted by the Indians, vi. 
204, 208, 

" Sheepscott John," Indian, vi. 235, 237. 

Sheldon, , brings prisoners from 

Canada, vi. 262, 278. 

Shelley, , viii. 317. 

Shelter Island, x. 92, 99. 

Shepard, Rev. Thomas, of Cambridge, i. 
79. Persecuted in England, 236, 238, 
250 ; iii. 93, 379, 386. " Clear Sunshine 
of the Gospel breaking forth upon the 
Indians in New England," written by, 
reprinted, 25-67; viii. 204, 205, 248, 
249, 268, 286 ; x. 132, 155. See Shep- 

Shepard, Rev. Thomas, of Charlestown, 
i. 254-264; viii. 268. His letter to 
John Winthrop, Jr., x. 70. 

Shepard, John W., i. 298. 

Shepard, Rev. Samuel, of Rowley, iii. 394. 

Shepard, John, iv. 290. 

Shepherd, Resin D., i. 274. 

Shepherd, Samuel, viii. 268. See Shepard. 

Sheppard, Ralph, viii. 267. 

Sheppard, Thanks, ib. 

Sheppard, Sara, ib. 

Sheppard, Margaret, viii. 268. 

Sheppard, John [Thomas?], viii. 268; x. 

Sherburn, Capt., vi. 217, 227. 

Sherburne, Anna, ii. 296. 

Sherburne, iv. 290. 

Sherburne, Henry, Jr., v. 11. 

Sherfield, Henry, x. 135, 136. 

Sherfield, Rebecca, x. 137. 

Sheriffs, persons appointed to office of, by 

Charles I., to prevent their election to 

Parliament, x. 131. 
Sherin, Robert, x. 141. 

Sherley, James, i. 21, 22, 23, 26, 200, 201. 

Sherley, Sir Anthony, iii. 369. 

Sherlock, James, vii. 186. 

Sherman, Rev. John, of Watertown, i. 
256-264 ; viii. 248, 309; x. 97, 140, 161. 

Sherman, Rev. Caleb H., ii. 307, 309. 

Sherman, Bezaleel, vii. 200. 

Sherman, , viii. 309. 

Sherman, Edmund, ib. 

Sherman, John, x. 161. 

Sherman, Thomas, ib. 

Sherman, Daniel, ib. 

Sherman, William, ib. 

Shermans, The, ib. 

Sherwood, Thomas, x. 143. 

Sherwood, Alice, ib. 

Sherwood, Anna, x. 144. 

Sherwood, Rose, ib. 

Sherwood, Thomas, ib. 

Sherwood, Rebecca, ib. 

Shetucket River, ii. 76. 

Shingiss, Indian king, v. 103 ; vi. 148. 

Ship, from New England, remarkable pres- 
ervation of, ii. 132. 

Ship William and Francis, ii. 299. 

Ship James, Capt. Wiggin, ii. 308. 

Ship cast away on the coast of New Eng- 
land, iii. 16. 

Shippen, Judge, of Pennsylvania, v. 101. 

Shippen, Edward, vii. 49. 

Ships, five from the East Indies, and Sir 
George Askew and his fleet, blocked up 
by eighty sail of Hollanders, in Pli- 
mouth, England, i. 33. To go out to 
help the French against the Dutch, 61. 
Many built in New England, 98. Two 
taken by the French, 108. Sail from 
Quebec for the Northwest, ib. Five 
English, taken by the French, 111. Of 
New England, sequestered at the suit 
of Mrs. Watts, in England, discharged, 
145, 146. French, come to New Eng- 
land in 1617, iii. 24. Built in New 
England before 1638, vi. 42. Number 
of, from Old England to New, from 
1628 to 1640, vii. 300. 

Shirley, Governor, his instructions to Com- 
missioners to Congress in 1754, v. 9, 49. 

Shoal Hope, viii. 74. 

Short, Clement, killed by Indians, vi. 210. 
His wife and children taken prisoners, 

Shove, Edward, ii. 274. 

Shove, , vii. 296. 

Shrewsbury, Earl of, i. 120. 

Shrimpton, Col., v. 200. 

Shumway, Mrs., ii. 78. 

Shumway, Peter, ii. 80. 

Shurtleff, Rev. William, ii. 303, 316. 

Shurtleff, Dr. Nathaniel B , x. 236. 

Shute, Governor, ii. 69 ; v. 229. 

Shute, Rev. Daniel, D. D., ii. 97, 98. 

Sibley, Patience, i. 156. 

Sibley, John L., vi. 299 ; vii. 294 ; ix. 304. 

Sibly, Mary, iii. 170. 

General Index. 


Sibrandus, Dr., ix. 58. 

Sidney, , viii. 309. 

Sidney, Algernon, ix. % il I. 

Sigonrnay, Andre, ii. <io, 6:5, 77, 78, 7:». 
Sigournej , Andrew, ii. :i(>. 
Sigourney, Andrew, ii. 77, 7-, BO. 
Sigourney, Mrs. L. Huntley, lines by, on 

visiting B vine planted by the Huguenots 
at Oxford, Mass., ii. 89. 
Silk, workers in, firom France, settle in 

England, ii. 47. 
Silk-weaversmake trouble in London, i.66. 
Silliman, Benjamin, i. 891., Nathaniel, i. 273. 
Silvester, Thomas, viii. 290. 

Silvester, , ib. 

Simcoe, Governor, v. 1122, 123, 128, 130, 

156, 157. 
Sinus, Sarra, viii. 268. 

Simmons, •, viii. 2S6. 

Simon, Indian preacher at Mashpee, i. 

150, 151. 
Simonds, Henry, iii. 98. 
Simons. See Symonds. 
Simple Colder of Aggawam, hy Rev. Na- 
thaniel Ward, viii. IDG, 2-7." 
Simplicities Defence against Seven-head- 
ed Policy in the Government of the 
Church in New England, viii. 2-7. 
Simpson, Sydrach, iv. 30, 35, 154, 159. 
Simpson, Jo., viii. 273. 
Sims, Zeohary, i. 2f>6. 'See Symmes. 

Simson, , i. 33. 

Simson, Jolin, x. 2. 

Singer, , v. 200, 206. 

Six Nations of Indians, treaty with, in 
1754, v. 5-70. Journal of treaty with, 
in 1775, 75-100. Message of United 
States Commissioners to, 1G8. Society 
for propagating the Gospel among, 231. 
Skelton, Rev. Samuel, iii. 376, 379, 382; 

viii. 248; ix. 206, 207. 
Sketwarroes, an Indian, carried to Eng- 
land, vi. 51, 54. Or Skicowaros, viii. 
145, 157. 
Skinner, Ahram, ii. 74, 75. 
Skinner, Capt., vi. 208. 
Skofield, Richard, viii. 259. 
Skott, or Scott, Elizaheth, x. 141. 
Skott, or Scott, Thomas, x. 141, 142. 
Skudder, Jo., viii. 264. 
Slater, Samuel, x. 171. 
Slave, first one set free in England by 

judgment of court, ix. 2. 
Slave property relinquished, ix. 35. 
Slavery, decisions of Courts in England 
against, ix. 2. In the United States, 
pamphlets written against, 36-39. Pro- 
test against, in Massachusetts, 122. 
Slaves protected, ix. 35. 
Sloan, Capt. John, ii. 298. 
Sloane, Hans, x. 122. 
Smale, John, viii. 320. 
Small, Isaac, ii. 296. 
Small, Hannah, ib. 

Small-pox ;a Dorchester, i. 118. An g 

the Indians, iii. 379. At Boston, 393. 

Smart, Sarah, ii. , -".»7. 

Smeth, or Smith, \. I 17. 

Smibert , \n. 890. 

Smith, Rev. Ethan, of Hopkinton, i. \'>'^ 
Author of a Dissertation on the Proph- 
ecies, ib. 

Smith, Rev. Professor John, i. 154. 

Smith, Isaac, i. 156. 

Smith, Richard, Jr., i. 21 1 

Smith, Richard, Sen., sets up a trading- 
house in Narraganset, i. 211, 2 1 -J. -jr.;, 

Smith, Major Richard, i. 223, 896, 988 j 

vii. 183. 
Smith, , i. 841. 

Smith, Dr. Elihu H., i. 891. 

Smith, Hon. John C, i. 891 | iii. 406. 

Smith, Rev. Isaac, of Boston, ii. 62. 

Smith, Rev. William, ii. 92, 94. 

Smith, John, ii. 1 17, 125. 

Smith, Elizabeth, ii. 295. 

Smith, Rev. John, ii. 317. 

Smith (or Smythe), John, ii. 349. 

Smith, Capt. John, his Pathway to oroct 
a Plantation reprinted, iii. 1. Articles 
sent by him to England, !>. Ili< first 
voyage to New England, 19. Makes a 
map of the coast and calls it New Eng- 
land, 20. Admiral of New England, 
24, 316, 347, 371, 377. His " Descrip- 
tion of New England," vi. 95-140; 
viii. 69j ix. 193. 

Smith, Rev. , iii. 95. 

Smith, John, iii. 207. 

Smith, Erastus, iii. 406; v. 300. 

Smith, Adam, vi. 130. 

Smith, Sir Thomas, vi. 131. 

Smith, Capt., vi. 256. 

Smith, Richard, his petition to Sir E. An- 
dros, vii. 166. 

Smith, Daniel, vii. 167. 

Smith, William, vii. 179. 

Smith, John, viii. 244. 

Smith, Ralph, viii. 248. 

Smith, Maria, viii. 255. 

Smith, Richard, ib. 

Smith, Hanna, ib. 

Smith, Alice, viii. 257. 

Smith, Jo., ib. 

Smith, Jo., viii 258. 

Smith, Hanna, viii. 259. 

Smith, Marie, ib. 

Smith, Dorothy, viii. 262. 

Smith, Mary, ~/b. 

Smith, Matthew, viii. 276. 

Smith, Jane, ib. 

Smith, Rev. John, of Leyden, ix. 65, 73. 

Smith, , ix. 246. 

Smith, , ix. 288, 894. 

Smith, Jo., chosen President of Rhode 
Island, ix.-J-ii 

Smith, Old Mr., x. 74. 

Smith, Richard, x. 92. 


General Index. 

Smith, John, x. 121. 

Smith, Capt., ib. 

Smith, Samuel, x. 142. 

Smith, Mary, ib. 

Smith, Elizabeth, ib. 

Smith, Philip, ib. 

Smith, Sarah, x. 158. 

Smith, Edmund, ib. 

Smith, Widow, x. 159. 

Smith, Edmund, ib. 

Smith, Rev. George, x. 160. 

Smith, Amos, ib. 

Smith, William, x. 207. 

Smith's History of New York quoted, v. 7. 

Smith's Isles, iii. 31 ; vi. 120. 

Smithe, Thomas, viii. 319. 

Smithe, Elizabeth, x. 141. 

Smithe, Samuel, x. 141, 142. 

Smynden, William, viii. 263 ; x. 129. 

" Smythe's Arte of Gunnery," ix. 255. 

Snell, Hannah, ii. 296. 

Snelling, Nathaniel G., i. 289, 292; vii. 

Snelling, Samuel, viii. 305. 

Snelling, Sampson, ib. 

Snelling, John, ib. 

Snelling, Thomas, x. 305. 

Snelling, William, ib. 

Snelling, Robert, ib. 

Snow-shoes, vi. 275. 

Snow, of 1717-18, ii. 75. 

Snow, Richard, i. 45. 

Snow, Dr., ii. 62. 

Snow, Mary Ann, ii. 296. 

Snow, Warren, ii. 297. 

Snow, Dr., ii. 367. 

Snow, Caleb H., iii. 408. 

Snow's History of Boston referred to, ii. 
64 ; vii. 8, 25. 

Snowe, William, viii. 259. 

Socconanocco, accused by Randall Hol- 
den, i. 10. 

Society for the Moral Improvement of 
Seamen in Boston, i. 205. 

Society for propagating the Gospel among 
the Indians, iii. 181. 

Soheage, or Sequin, sachem of Matebe- 
seck, iii. 161. 

Solemn League and Covenant ordered to 
be burnt, ii. 357. 

Solihoany, v. 77, 79. 

Somers, Sir J., Solicitor-General, i. 119. 

Somers, Sir George. See Summers. 

Somerset, Indian sagamore, faithful to the 
English, 170. Adopts Capt. Levett as 
his cousin, 171, 173, 174. Would have 
his son and Capt. Levett's to be broth- 
ers, 175. 

Somersworth, N. H., church and minis- 
ters, ii. 310 ; iv. 293. 

Sommers, Capt. George, iii. 369. 

Somner, Henry, viii. 266. 

Somner, Elisa, ib. 

Sorico, Isle of, vi. 120. 

Sother [Southworth ?], Constant, i. 199. 

Southack, Capt. Cyprian, v. 190; vi. 245, 
246, 249, 256. 

Southampton, Earl of, iii. 52; vi. 59. 

South Carolina, Ramsay's History of, re- 
ferred to, ii. 55. 

South Carolina Society, vii. 292. 

Southcoat, Thomas, iii. 326. 

Southcote, John, viii. 305. 

Southcott, Thomas, viii. 303. 

Southcott, George, ib. 

Southcott, Peter, ib. 

Southcott, John, ib. 

Southcott, Richard, ib. 

Southcott, John, viii. 304. 

Souther, Nathaniel, ii. 266. 

Southern Colonies, charitable people of 
the, relieve Sagadahock, vi. 228. 

Southey, Robert, i. 291. 

South Hampton, N. H., church and min- 
isters, ii. 318; iv. 293. 

South Hampton submits to the Dutch, x. 
87. Declaration of the inhabitants of, 
86, 92, 181, 183. 

Southhold, x. 92, 96. 

South Kingston, vi. 181. 

South Sea, ancient colonies of Massachu- 
setts Bay and Connecticut bounded on, 

Southworth (spelt Southward, Southwood, 
and Southerne), Constant, ii. 267. 

Southworth, Thomas, vii. 27. 

Sov^-eo, Francis," Indian, ix. 94. 

Sowahegan Indians, iv. 123. 

Sowocatuck, vi. 108, 117. 

Sow-wames, claimed by Plymouth Col- 
ony, viii. 291. 

Spalding, Edward, iv. 291. 

Spanish forces subdued by the king of 
Sweden, i. 236. 

Sparhawk, Nathaniel, x. 167. 

Sparhouse, Samuel, x. 165. 

Spark, Rev. Alexander, i. 291. 

Sparks, , ii. 334. 

Sparks, Jared, v. 300 ; vi. 295 ; viii. 70, 
160. His edition of Franklin's Works 
referred to, v. 5, 70; viii. 278. His 
edition of Washington's Writings quot- 
ed, v. 101. His American Biography 
referred to, vi. 96. 

Sparks, Edward, viii. 258. 

Spear, Mrs., ii. 297. 

Speene, John, iv. 246, 247. 

Speene, Robin, iv. 248, 249. Death of 
his child, 259. 

Spencer, John, iii. 143, 144. 

Spencer, William, viii. 205. 

Sperry, Rev. Ebenezer P., iii. 186. 

Sperry's Summary History of the Church 
in Dunstable referred to, ii. 302. 

Spooner, Hon. William, i. 289, 293. 

Spooner, William J., i. 289, 294. Memoir 
of, 265. 

Spooner, Rev. John J., i. 291. 

Sprague, Samuel, ii. 266. 

Sprague, Rev. , ii. 365. 

General Index. 


Sprague, Joseph E., ii. ',){',(). 
Sprague, Richard, iv. 889. 

Sprague, l'hineluis, iv. 200. 

Bprague, John, ib. 

Sprague, dipt. Richard, x. 100, 101. 

Spraige, dipt., i. (ii?. 

Spratt, Alary, viii. 270. 

Sjying, Rev. Samuel, ii. 311. 

Spring, Elinor, x. 140. 

Spring, John, x. 140, 142. 

Spring, John, x. 142. 

Spring, Mary, ib. 

Spring, Henry, ib. 

Spring, William, ib. 

Springe, Sir William, letter from John 
Wmthrop to, ix. 227. 

Springfield, i. (ii). Or Agawam, 229 ; iv. 
291 ; vi. 181, 183, 255. Church, iii. 384. 

Spruce deck, vi. 217, 236, 244, 274. 

Spurr, Major, v. 100, 191. 

Spurstovv, William, iv. 159. 

Spurwineh River, iii. 345. 

Spurwink, vi. 217, 248. 

Spurzheim, Dr., ix. 77. 

Squa, sachem, iii. 105. 

Squakheag, vi. 181, 183. 

Squanto, an Indian, carried to England, 
iii. 374 ; vi. 156. 

Squanto and Tanto, names of Indian gods, 
viii. 177. 

St. Augustine, iii. 357. 

St. Augustine, vii. 227, 228. 

St. Bache, William, x. 134. 

St. Bartholomew's day, account of the 
massacre on, ii. 8-15. 70,000 Protes- 
tants massacred, 38. 

St. Castin, , i. 82. 

St. Christopher's island planted, iii. 375. 

St. Clair, Governor, v. 164. 

St. Croix, Governor of, ii. 106. 

St. Francis River, v. 65. 

St. George, River of, ancient French 
boundary, i. 136. 

St. George's Fort, at Sagadahoc, built, iii. 

St. George's Island, viii. 147. 

St. John, Oliver, ix. 178. 

St. John's, expedition to, from Massachu- 
setts, vi. 240. Attacked by French and 
Indians, 262. 

St. John's River, v. 65. Indians at, ix. 

St. Johns, Henry, vii. 98. 

St. Julien, , ii. 12. 

St. Lawrence, Bay and River of, iii. 348. 

St. Lawrence River, Indians, v. 76. 

St. Lewis, ii. 45. 

St. Robin, Charles, i. 82. 

St. Robin, , ib. 

Stace, Freegift, viii. 274, 275. 

Stack, Thomas, x. 122. 

Stacy, Simon, iv. 291. 

Staflart, Henry, ix. 67, 68, 69. 

Stagg, Cant. William, viii. 255-261. 

Stalings, Edward, vi. 130, 136. 

Stamp Act, v. 906 ; ix. i-i 

Btandwh. Cant. .Mil.-, ii -'1.7; vi. 175; x. 
172., Robert, mil 864. 

Btanford, Robert, ii. 879. 

Btanley, Christopher, v.ii. 8GB. 

Btanley, Botanna, ib, 

Btanley, William, viii. 270. 

Btannioo, Antony, vin. 864. 

Btansley, Thomas, viii. 257. 

Btantley, Jo., riii. 267. 

Stanton, Thomas, i. 170 ; iii. 137, 114, 

145, 146, 164 ; vi. 170 ; ix. 884 j x. 60, 

Stanton, , letter from H. Stephens 

to, x. 117. 
Stanton, Dorothy, x. 164. 
Stanton, Nicholas, X. 171. 
BtapletOO, Rev. Ambrose, viii. 306. 
Stapylton, dipt., vii. 241. 
Stares, Thomas, viii. 252. 
Star, falling, remarkable description of, 

x. 57. 
Star Island, now Gosport, ii. 312. 
Stark, John, v. 296. 
Starkweather, Robert, i. 156. 

Starky, , vi. 207. 

Starling, or Sterling, Lord, iii. 98. 

Starr, Benjamin, vii. 248. 

Starr, Allerton, ib. 

Starr, Thomas, viii. 276. 

Starr, Susan, ib. 

Starr, Simon, viii. 310. 

Starre, Comfort, viii. 275. 

Staten Island, x. 86. 

State-paper office, England, viii. 342. 

State Prison at Charlestown, i. 206. 

Stearns, Rev. Josiah, ii. 316, 319. 

Stearns, John, ii. 319. 

Stearns, Samuel, ib. 

Stearns, Nathaniel, iv. 290. 

Stearns, Dr. Thomas, v. 291. 

Stearns, Professor, x. 216. 

Stebing, Sarah, x. 143. 

Stebing, Rowland, x. 143, 144. 

Stebing, Thomas, x. 144. 

Stebing, Sarah, ib. 

Stebing, Elizabeth, ib. 

Stebing, John, ib. 

Stebbins, Elizabeth, ii. 295. 

Stedman, , v. 126, 127. 

Stedman, Elizabeth, viii. 261. 
Stedman, Nathaniel, ib. 
Stedman, Isaac, ib. 

Steel, , iii. 149. 

Steele, William, iv. 196, 200. 

Steerer, Elizabeth, viii. 270. 

Steevens, Tho., viii. 262. 

Steevens, Henry, viii. 268. 

Steevens, Alice, ib. 

Stenwick, Cornelius, x. 109. 

Stephens, William, viii. 324. 

Stephens, Henry, letter to Mr. Stanton, 

x. 117. 
Stephens, Henry, x. 140. 


General Index* 

Stephenson, T. 

ii. 99. 
, i. 241. 

Steven, Rev. William, ix. 65. 
Stevens, James, iv. 290. 
Stevens, Capt., vi. 251. 
Stevens, Erasmus, vii. 157. 
Stevenson, Marmaduke, iii. 389. 

Stewart, , vii. 289. 

Stewart, John, ix. 1, 7, 16, 17, 34, 40. 
Stickney, Samuel, iv. 290. 
Stileman, Elias, iv. 292. 
Stiles, Rev. President Ezra, i. 291 ; v. 177; 
vii. 271, 273, 274. His History of the 
Judges quoted, 126, 301 ; viii. 306. 
Stiles, Tryphena, ii. 297. 
Stiles, Thomas, vi. 174. 
Stiles, Francis, viii. 252. 
Stiles, Thomas, ib. 
Stiles, Jo., ib. 
Stiles, Henry, ib. 
Stiles, Joan, ib. 
Stiles, Rachel, ib. 
Stiles, Richard, viii. 306. 
Stiles, Maria, ib. 
Stiles, Thomas, ib. 
Stiles, John, ib. 
Stiles, Christopher, ib. 
Stiles, Francis, ib. 
Stiles, Joane, ib. 
Stiles, Elizabeth, ib. 
Stiles, Widow, ib. 
Stirling, Earl of, iii. 347 ; x. 178. 
Stitson, Deacon William, i. 255-261. 
Stockbridge, Jo., viii. 267. 
Stockbridge, Ann, ib. 
Stockton, Thomas, viii. 273. 
Stoddard, Stephen, ii. 88. 

Stoddard, , v. 199, 202. 

Stoddard, Anthony, vii. 128. 
Stoddard, Simeon, vii. 158, 168. 
Stokes, C. W., ii. 325. 
Stokes, Grace, viii. 272. 

Ston, or Stou, John, viii. 256 ; x. 128. 

Stone, Rev. Eliab, ii. 98. 

Stone, Capt., killed by the Indians, iii. 130, 
137, 379 ; vi. 7, 9, 158 ; x. 175. 

Stone, , iii. 148. 

Stone, Rev. Samuel, iii. 378, 391 ; vi. 16, 
161 ; viii. 248, 249 ; x. 74. 

Stone, Simon, iv. 291. 

Stone, Simon, vi. 218, 219. 

Stone, John, Sen., vii. 256. 

Stone, Symon, viii. 261. 

Stone, Joan, ib. 

Stone, Francis, ib. 

Stone, Ann, ib. 

Stone, Marie, ib. 

Stone, John, ib. 

Stonington, Conn., vi. 184, 186. 

Stony River, iii. 321. 

Storer, Lieut. Joseph, Indian sagamores 
agree to sign and seal a treaty at his 
garrison-house, i. 113. 

Storer, , v. 157. 

Storer, Lieut., vi. 217. 

Storer, Samuel, vi. 228, 229. 

Storer, , vi. 299. 

Storrs, ■, v. 116. 

Story, Hon. Joseph, i. 289; ii. 341; vii. 
7, 25 ; x. 191, 193, 195. 

Stoughton, William, i. 72, 102, 118, 226; 
ii. 29, 60, 67, 69, 73 ; vi. 202. Lieuten- 
ant-Governor, sends forces against the 
French and Indians, 239-241. Gov- 
ernor, vii. 56, 58, 167; viii. 251; ix. 
182; x. 120. 

Stoughton, Capt. Israel, iii. 94, 150, 400 ; 
vi. 28 ; viii. 207 ; ix. 299. 

Stovers, , vi. 275. 

Stow, iv. 291. 

Strahan and Spottiswoode, Messrs., ix.14. 

Stratham, N. H., iv. 293. Church and 
ministers, ii. 307. 

Straw, Mary, ii. 298. 

Strawberry Bank, iii. 341. 

Streate, Rev., iii. 96, 107. 

Streaton, Elizabeth, viii. 261. 

Street, Alice, viii. 258. 

Streete, [Rev. Nicholas], x. 36, 62. 

Streme, Thomas, viii. 272. 

Streme, Jo., ib. 

"Strength out of Weakness, or a Glorious 
Manifestation of the Further Progress of 
the Gospel among the Indians in New 
England," iv. 149-196; viii. 293. 

Strete, William, viii. 73. 

Strickland, , ii. 343. 

Strong, Gov. Caleb, i. 289 ; iii. 198. 

Strong, Rev. , ii. 335, 336. 

Strong, William, iv. 154, 159. 

Strowde, John, viii. 266. 

Strype's Annals quoted, ii. 11. 

Stuart, Henry, son of Charles I., to be 
sent beyond sea, ii. 339. 

Stuart, Alexander, x. 122. 

Stucbruge, Charles, viii. 267; x. 130. 

Studman, Isaac, viii. 256 ; x. 128. 

Stukely, Sir Lewis, iii. 373 ; vi. 133. 

Stukely, Capt. Charles, v. 190. 

Stuyvesant, Peter G., v. 300. 

Stylles. See Stiles. 

Subercas, French Governor, v. 19L 

Subsidy men not to pass to American 
plantations without license, viii. 274. 

Sudbury Indians, iv. 88. 

Sudbury, iii. 325: iv. 291; vi. 183, 184; 
x. 172. 

Suffolk County, salaries of ministers in 
1657, i. 49; iii. 325. 

Suffolk bar, x. 194. 

Suffolk, Eng., notices of early settlers of 
New England from, by Rev. Joseph 
Hunter, x. 147. 

Sullivan, General, i. 154. 

Sullivan, John L., i. 289. 

Sullivan, Hon. William, i. 289, 293 ; vii. 
25, 293 ; ix. 172. 

Sullivan, Hon. James, i. 289, 292, 293 ; 
vii. 9. Governor, 10, 17, 24 ; ix. 171. 

Sullivan, Rev. Thomas R., ii. 336. 

General Index, 


Bully, Duke ofj ii. 10. Prime minister 
of Henry IV., 11. Memoirs of, quoted, 

11, I -J, 13, 16. 

Summary Historical Narrative of the Wan 
in New England with the French ami 
Indians, from 1634 to 1760, \i 154 

Shi is, Sir George, iii. 51, 372; vi. .">:? 

Summer Islands, so named in memon 
of, 54. 

Summersby, Cant., vi. 250. 

Snmnrr, Rev. Clement, ii. 315. 

Sumner, , iii. 407 ; vi. 294. 

Sumner, George, his Memoir of the Pil- 
grims at Lej den, i.\. 42. 

Bupercass, Mons., destroys English settle- 
ments, vi. 262. 

Susquehanna given by the Indians to 
( iov. Penn, v. 98. 

SutlifTe, Dr., vi. 133. 

Sutton, ii. 59. 

Sutton, , ii. 85. 

Swam, Widow, ii. 296. 

Swain, Jeremiah, iv. 290. 
Suaine, Cant., x. 121. 

Swamp Fight, the, vi. 182. 

Swampscot, iii. 97. 

Swan, Timothy, i. 124. 

Swan/ey, people at, killed by Indians, vi. 

178 ; x. 1 17. 
Swanzey (N. H.), church and ministers, 

ii. 317"; iii. 1—; iv. 293. 
Swayn, Major, vi. 209, ,210. 
Swayne, Elizabeth, viii. 255. 
Swayne, William, viii. 257. 
Swayne, Francis, ib. 
Swayne, Elizabeth, viii. 259. 
Swayne, William, viii. 262. 
Swayne, Richard, viii. 273. 
Sweden, King of, subdues Spanish forces, 

i. 236, 240, 241 ; ix. 247, 250, 251. 
Swedes and Danes, commissioners to com- 
pose matters between, x. 26. 
Swett, Col. Samuel, ii. 365; vi. 296. 
Swett, Jobn, vii. 182, 183. 
Swinnok, or Swinnuck, Thomas, viii. 

Sydenham, Col., ii. 343. 
Sydlie, Tho., viii. 259. 
Svll, Capt., vi. 202. 
Sylvester, Capt., x. 92, 93, 94. 
Symmes, Rev. Zechariah, iii. 379, 389; 

viii. 248,249, 307, 308. 
Symmes, William, viii. 307. 
Symmes, Marie, ib. 
Symmes, Elizabeth, ib. 
Symmes, Huldah, ib. 
Symmes, Hannah, ib. 
Symmes, Rebekah, ib. 
Symonds, Samuel, i. 30, 37, 180; iii. 106. 

Deputy-Governor, 396. 

Symonds, Hai laekenden, x. 89, 90, 123. 

Symons, , viii. 306 

Synod, first national in France, ii. 5. 
Synod, J637, iii. 381. At Cambridge, 385, 
o>6. In 1647, iv. 45. At Boston, book 

published by, tmtm ered by ih 
Davenport, \ 60. 

"Table Rock. 




d to England, 

address of condolenc 

of Ills wife, 

v. 128 
vi. 231, 232. 
ippawillin, ii. 59. 
ledo, Indian, earrit 

\ in. 115, 157. 
Talbot, Rev. W. K , ii. 315. 
Talbot, ('apt., v. 190, 191, 195. 
Talcot, [John], x. 31. 
Talcott, John, Governor of Connecticut, 
i to, on tie- death 
i. 246. His answer, 248. 

His letter to Sir E. Andres, iii. 167, 

"Tales of mv Landlord" referred to, i\ (>. 
Tallant, Hugh, ii. 295. 
Talmage, x. 171. 

Tanacbarisson, or Half King, v. 47. 
Tappan, Rev. Dr. Benjamin, vii. 26. 
Tapping, James, vii. 124. 
Tapping, Jonathan, x. 88. 
Tarhell, John, iii. 171 -177. 
Tarratines, iii. 22; vi. 90, 117, 131 

tice of Orono, chief of, ix. 82 

count of, in 1829, 82-91. 
Tartar ien, John, ii. 62. 
Tasker, Col. Benjamin, v. Hi. 
Tasker, Benjamin, Jr., v. 17. 
Tasket, William, vi. 257. 
Tasquantum, or Tisquantum 

England, vi. 51. 
Tatobam, sachem of the Pequots, vi 
Tanghtanakagnet, iii. 22; vi. 107. 
Taunton, vi. 184. Town-clerk of, order 

for his imprisonment, vii. 190. 
Tax, 1686-7, vii. 171. 
Taxes, charges, and impositions, " English 

living in the several colonies of New 

England " free from, except " what is 

laid upon themselves by themselves," 

i. 57, 149. Payment of, objected to, 

viii. 201. Samuel Vassall imprisoned 

for opposing, 294. 
Tayler, Major, vi. 259. 
Tayler, Dyonis, viii. 259. 
Tayler, George, viii. 272. 
Taylor, William, ii. 73. 
Taylor, Edmund, ii. 74, 75. 
Taylor, Robert, iii. 213. 

Taylor, Kev. , v. 204. 

Taylor, Edward, vi. 254. 
Taylor, Rebecca, vi. 278. 
Tavlor, William, vii. 296. 


carried to 


in. -J..-. 

I ay 

Tavlor, Elizabeth, viii. 263. 

" Tears of Repentance, or a Further Nar- 
rative of the Progress of the Gospel 
among the Indians In New England," 

iv. 197-260; viii. 204. 
Teft'ereau, , ii. 6'.). 

VOL. X. 



General Index. 

Telescope, stand contrived for, by Dr. 

Prince, v. 274. 
Teligny, , son-in-law of Admiral 

Coligny, ii. 9. 
Tellier, " the Ferocious," ii. 41. Le Tel- 

lier, 46. 
Temple, Sir John, ii. 50, 78. 
Temple, Sir Thomas, his patent referred 

to, i. 136; vii. 120, 127. His letter to 

Secretary Morrice, viii. 325. Letter to 

him, from Rev. J. Davenport, 327; x. 


Templeman, , viii. 309. 

Ten Eyck, Jacob C, v. 23. 
Ten Hills [farm], x. 72. 
Tenney, Hon. Samuel, i. 292. 

Ternaux, H. , vi. 46. 

Terry, Jo., viii. 267. 

Terry, Thomas, viii. 270. 

Terry, Robert, ib. 

Terry, Richard, ib. 

Thacher, Peter O., i. 266 ; v. 296. 

Thacher, Rev. Dr., ii. 50. 

Thacher, Rev. Dr. Peter, i. 289, 293 ; v. 

227; vii. 9, 17; ix. 170. 
Thacher, Dr. James, v. 291. 
Thacher, Peter, x. 133-137. His epitaph, 

Thacher, Martha, x. 136. 
Thacher, Elizabeth, ib. 
Timelier, John, ib. 
Thacher, Samuel, ib. 
Thacher, Paul, x. 137. 
Thacher, Barnabas, ib. 
Thacher, Anthony, ib. 
Thacher, Benjamin, ib. 
Thacher, Mary, ib. 
Thacher, Anne, licensed to eat flesh in 

Lent, ib. 
Thanksgiving, for success in the Pequot 

war, vi. 40. 
Thatcher, Rev. Peter, of Weymouth, i. 

49. And Boston, iii. 395; vi. 258. 
Thatcher, Peter, viii. 317. See Thetcher. 
Thaxter, Capt., vi. 228. 
Thayer, Rev. John, ii. 64. 
Thayer, Rev. Ebenezar, ii. 300. 
" The Bloody Tenent washed," &c, viii. 

" The Civil Magistrate's Power in Matters 

of Religion," by Rev. Thomas Cobbett, 

referred to, viii. 293. 
" The Glorious Progress of the Gospel 

among the Indians in New England," 

reprinted, iv. 69 ; viii. 288. 
"The Joyful News from the West Indies," 

by Monardes, referred to, viii. 117. 
Thetcher, Anthony, viii. 319. 
Thomas, William, i. 199. 
Thomas, Isaiah, i. 289. 
Thomas, Joshua, ib. 

Thomas, , of Plymouth, iii. 106. 

Thomas, Isaiah, i. 297; iii. 405. 
Thomas, Rev. Moses G., iii. 187. 
Thomas, Jo., viii. 272. 

Thomas, Gen., viii. 347. 

Thomason, Rev. , viii. 283. 

Thomason's collection of pamphlets in 

the British Museum, viii. 280. 
Thomlins, Ben., viii. 260. 
Thomlins, Edward, ib. 

Thompson, Rev. , of Braintree, i. 50. 

Thompson, Susanna, i. 157. 
Thompson, Major Robert, ii. 29, 69. 
Thompson, William, iii. 382. 
Thompson, an Indian, v. 171. 
Thompson, [Benjamin], Count Rumford, 

viii. 278, 279. 
Thompson, Edmund, x. 159. 
Thompson, Martha, ib. 
Thompson, John, ib. 
Thompson, Anne, ib. 
Thompson, Thomas, ib. 
Thompson, Hannah, ib. 
Thompson, Esther, ib. 

Thomson, Rev. , of Braintree, iii. 93. 

Thomson, Charles, i. 292; v. 109. 
Thomson, Jo., viii. 263. 
Thomson, Tho., viii. 268. 
Thomson, Moris, ix. 238. 
Thorn, Andrew, iii. 313, 362. 
Thorndike, Israel, vii. 20, 285. 

Thorndike, , vii. 260. 

Thorndike, Paul, vii. 267. 

Thorndike, Lieut., vii. 268. 

Thorne, Peter, viii. 257. 

Thornton, Walter, viii. 258. 

Thornton, Joanna, ib. 

Thornton, Robert, viii. 261. 

Thorp, Jo., viii. 254. 

" Three Turks' Heads," vi. 118, 120. 

Throgmorton, or Throckmorton, ix. 276, 

Throsby, John, viii. 300. 

Thuanus, , ii. 7, 13. 

Thurloe's State Papers, Vol. I., p. 763- 

768, referred to, and errors corrected, i. 

185; ii. 350. 
Thurston, Rev. Pierson, ii. 311. 
Thurston, Rev. Benjamin, ii. 316. 
Thurston, Will., viii. 275. 
Thwaits, Alexander, viii. 255. 
Thwing, Ben., viii. 260. 
Tiahogwando, Indian sachem, speech of, 

v. 77, 79, 97. 
Tibbalds, Tho., viii. 272. 
Tibott, Elizabeth, viii. 270. 
Ticknall, Henry, viii. 272. 
Tickner, Capt., viii. 310. 
Ticknor, George, v. 300. 
Ticonderoga, v. 85. 
Tid, John, i. 44. 
Tilden, Joseph, i. 289, 292. 
Tilden, Bryant P., v. 292. 
Tilden, Nathaniel, viii. 274. 
Tilden, Lydia, ib. See Tylden. 
Tileston, Thomas, ii. 274. 278. 
Tileston, Timothy, iv. 289. 
Tileston, Capt., v. 190. 
Tilghman, Chief Justice, x. 207. 

General Index, 


-, i. 13. 

Tillinghast, - 

Tillotson, Jonathan, ii. 74, 75. 

Tilly, Sergeant, iii. 13$), I 17, 1 18. 

Tilly, Capl , killed l>\ the Pequots, vi. 15. 

Tilly, William, viii. 264. 

Tilly, , ix. 238. 

Tilton, Peter, x 120. 

Ting, Edward, i .85. Capt., iii. 213, 219, 

Ting, Capt., i. B5. 
Titacut Indians, iv. 58, 81. 
Titus, Robert, viii. 254. 

TitUS, I lamia, ib. 
Titus, ,)«>lm, ib. 

Titus, Edmond, to. 

Tii erton, Rhode Islam], ii. 70. 

Tobacco raised in Virginia, iii- 9. First 

brought into England, 363, 367, 36ri. 
Epilepsy cured by, x. 2d. 

Toby, James, vi. "J?."). 

Toilers, Samuel, \. 88. 

Toller, Marie, viii. 261. 

Tomar, Louee, Indian, i.x. 95. 

Tomasus (or Tomer), Indian chief, ix. B I, 

Tomer, Francis, Indian Governor, ix. 1)5. 
Tomer, Captain, Indian, ib. 
Tomkins, Ralph, viii. 272. 
Tomkins, Kat., ib. 
Tomkins, Elizabeth, ib. 
Tomkins, .Mary, ib. 
Tomkins, Samuel, ib. 
To-mollou'-ey, Indian, ix. 96. 
TompSon, Samuel, iv. 290. 
Tompson, William, viii. 249. 
Tomson, Symon, i. 45. 
'■Tontine Crescent," Franklin Place, vii. 

Toogood, Thomas, vi. 211. 
Tooke, Home, ix. 3. 
Tookee, Giles, x. 135, 136. 
Tookey, Job, vii. 262. 
Tookie, B., x. 135. 
Toope, John, ii. 346. 
Toothaker, Goody, i. 124. 
Toothaker, Roger, viii. 272. 
Toothaker, Margaret, ib. 
Topeent, vi. L08. 
Toppan, Sarah, ii. 295. 
Topsfield, iv. 290. 

Toquelmut, Indian sagamore, i. 112, 114. 
Tories, i. 11!». 

Torre v, , ii. i ( 4. 

Torrey, William, iii. 210; iv. 291; vii. 

50, 121, 125. 
Totant, iii. 22. 
Totenham, Henry, i. 45. 
Tothect, vi. 108. 
Totherswampe, an Indian, iv. 42, 65, 

220, 230. 
Touton, Dr. John, ii. 27. 
Towanquattick, Indian sagamore, iv. 78, 

Tower, Capt. Levi, ii. 106. 
Town, Israel, ii. 74, 75. 

Town, John, ii. 7 1, 75. 

Town, Ephraim, ib. 

Tow ns, notified l>\ the General Court in 
1634 to --lid deputies, \ iii '-' »1 < lupiei 
of laws to be sen) l 213 

Tow 1 1 — t ml, P, mi, i\ •.' [94, 

Townsend, ( !apt., n i. . 

Tracej , Ensign, \. <>7 

Tracts relating to the attempts to coji vert 
to ( Ihristianity the Indians of .V • I 
land, 1647 - 1655, reprinted, i\ . I 287 

Tra< y, Nathaniel, ii. 285. 

Tracy, John, ib, 

Trad.-, decay of, i. 61, 62. 

Tragabigzanda, or Cape Ann, vi. II-, 120. 

Trajan, iii 367. 

[Trane, Jo., viii 260 ; \. \-!.r 
Trarice, ("apt. Nicholas, viii. 254, 256. 
Traske, Osmond, vii. 253. 

Treat, Major, i. 6'.' j vi 181. 

Treat, Col. Robert, i. 86 J vi 179; mi. 

124. Governor of Connecticut, letter 

of Sir E. Andros to, 165. 

Treaty, at Sagatahock, or Sagadahock, 
, with Eastern Indians, i. 112. With tin- 
Six Nations of Indians, v. 75. At Fort 
Stanwix, 1 15, 1 16, 161, 164. At Fort 
Mcintosh, No. With the Sbawanese, 
ib. At Tort Harmar, 146, 161. With 
the Indians at Casco Bay, vi. 246. Be- 
tween France and England, vii. '.'4. 
Between England and Holland, \ 104. 

Treby, Sir G., Attorney-General, opinion 
in favor of Connecticut (barter, i. 119. 

Tredwell, Thomas, viii. 271. 

Tredvvell, Mary, ib. 

Trefrey, John," vii. 191. 

Trelaney, , iii. 219, 229. 

Trent, Capt., v. 8. 

Trentum, Thomas, viii. 271. 

Trerice, , his ship taken, ix. 277, 283 . 

Trials by jury in Mew England, ii. 139. 

Trimming, William, vi. 263 — 268. 

Trinitv, English settlements at, destroyed, 
vi. 263. 

Troisel, , v. 215. 

Trollope, Mrs., ix. 14. 

Troopers, petition of, vii. 187. 

Troutbeck, , v. 257. 

True, Deacon Abraham 


True, Widow, ib. 

True, Rev. Henry, ii. 302. 

True, Henry, iv. 290. 

Trumboll, , x. 7. 

Trumbull, His Exc, Jonatl 

2: '2. 


Trumbull, Rev. Dr. Benjai 
Trumbull, Gov., iii. 129. 
Trumbull, Col., iii. Ill 1. 
Trumbull Papers, in Mass. Hisl 

Libraryt vii. 10. Referred to, 
228, 231, 2 Hi. 
Trumbull's Hist, of Connecticut refern d 

to, V. (). 

Trustees of Redwood Library Company, 

i. 205. 


i. !-:», 


General Index. 



ix. 249. 

Tucke, Rev. John, ii. 312. 

Tucke, Rev. John, ii. 312, 322; iii. 189. 

Tucker, John, i. 275. 

Tucker, Hon. St. George, i. 292. 

Tucker, Daniel, iii. 373. 

Tucker, Ichabod, i. 289 ; vii. 292. 

Tucker, Margaret, viii. 267. 

Tucker's Terror, iii. 316 ; viii. 74. 

Tuckerman, E., Jr., vi. 299. 

Tuckney, Anthony, viii. 344. 

Tucnell, Strong, ix. 272. 

Tudor, William, Jr., i. 289. 

Tudor, Hon. William, i. 289, 292, 293, 

294, 297; ii. 365, 368; vi. 155, 295; vii. 

9, 10,17,25; ix. 170, 172. 
Tufts, Peter, iv. 291. 
Tufts, Peter, Jr., ib. 
Tunes, Gregorio, iii. 408. 
Turell, Samuel, i. 289, 293; vii. 17; ix. 

Turkle, Joseph, Indian, ix. 95. 
Turner, Captain, i. 70. 
Turner, Rev. John, iii. 186. 
Turner, Sharon, v. 300. 
Turner, Capt. Nathan, vi. 4 ; vii. 300 ; x. 

Turner, Capt., killed by Indians, vi. 184. 
Turner, Elizabeth, viii. 254. 
Turner, Robert, viii. 267. 
Turtle Creek, v. 102. 
Tuscarora villages, account of, v. 127. 
Tusele, or Tusler, Elizabeth, viii. 264; 

x. 129. 
Tuttell, John, viii. 253. 
Tuttell, Joan, ib. 
Tuttell, Abigail, ib. 
Tuttell, Symon, ib. 
Tuttell, Sara, ib. 
Tuttell, Richard, viii. 255. 
Tuttell, Ann, ib. 
Tuttell, Jo., ib. 
Tuttell, Rebecca, ib. 
Tuttell, Isbell, ib. 
Tuttell, William, ib. 
Tuttell, Elizabeth, ib. 
Tuttell, Thomas, ib. 
Twitchell, Benoni, ii. 74, 75. 
Twightwees, Indians, killed by the French, 

v. 47. 
Twombly, Widow, ii. 295. 
Twombly, John, ii. 297. 
Tybbott, Henry, viii. 270. 
Tybbott, Jeremy, ib. 
Tybbott, Samuel, ib. 
Tybbott, Remembrance, ib. 
Tycho Brahe, i. 239. 
Tyler, Elizabeth, i. 157. 
Tylden, William, viii. 311. 
Tylden, Richard, ib. 
Tylden, Sir John M., ib. 
Tylden, William B , ib. 
Tylden, Mary Isabella, ib. 
Tylden Family, viii. 311, 312. 
Tylly, Nathaniel, viii. 262. 

Tyng, Dudley A., i. 289, 297. Biograph- 
ical notice of, ii. 280 ; vii. 17. 

Ty"g, , ii- 287. 

Tyng, James, ib. 

Tyng, Rebecca, ib. 

Tyng, Capt., vi. 251, 259. 

Tyng, Edward, vii. 167, 170, 177. 

Tyng, Jonathan, vii. 167, 178. 

Tynkler, Sara, viii. 267. 

lyng, Jonathan, vu. lb 
Tynkler, Sara, viii. 267 
Tyte, Robert, x. 135 


Uhden, H. F., author of History of Con- 
gregationalists in New England, ix. 43. 

Umfris, or Humfris. See Humfrey. 

Uncas, i. 71, 163, 167, 175. Accused of 
dealing falsely, 176. Wrongs some 
Paucomtuck Indians, 178. Threatens 
the Mauquawogs, 178, 229. Desires aid 
of the English, 230 ; iii. 135, 149, 151, 
158, 162. Joins the English, vi. 160. 
Defeats Ninicraft, 191. Attacked by 
Miantonomy, ix. 215 ; x. 118. 

Underhill, Capt. John, iii. 99, 140, 148, 
149, 158,403. His "Newes from Amer- 
ica," or History of the Pequot War, vi. 
1-28. Sent against the Pequots, 35, 
36,37,39,162; ix. 276; x. 176. 

Underwood, Peter, viii. 255. 

Underwood, Martin, x. 141. 

Underwood, Martha, ib. 

Underwood, Joseph, x. 158. 

Union, plan of, drawn up by Dr. Frank- 
lin, v. 5, 6. Adopted by Congress at 
Albany in 1754, 70. Rejected by Co- 
lonial Assemblies, 7. His opinion of it 
thirty years afterwards, 7, 39. 

United Colonies, Commissioners of, their 
instructions to Josiah Winslow, com- 
mander in Philips War, i. 66. Narra- 
ganset country mortgaged to them, 213, 
214. Their records, ii. 260, 264; iii. 
384 ; viii. 290; ix. 189. See Commis- 

United States, History of, written by James 
Graham e, ix. 1. 

United States Branch Bank at Boston, 
documents, &c, placed under a pillar 
of, i. 271. 

Upham, Hon. Timothy, ii. 313. 

Upham, Rev. Timothy, ib. 

Upham, Rev. Thomas C, ib. Professor, 
314; iii. 188. 

Upham, Hon. Nathaniel, iii. 188. 

Upham, Rev. Charles W., his Memoir of 
Rev. John Prince, D. D., v. 271, 300. 

Upson, Steeven, viii. 261. 

Usher, , i. 143. 

Usher, , iv. 89. 

Usher, Hezekiah, vii. 47, 49. 

Usher, John, ii. 60 ; vii. 49, 166. 

Usher, , vii. 120. 

Usher, , x. 38. 

General Index. 

3 19 

Utrecht, Treaty of, v. 64, 65, (17. 
Uzzamequin, Indian sagamore, iv. 11" 

Vaccination, iii. 52(1G. 

Vakapanessue, Indian sagamore, sickness 

and death of liis sun, iv. 77. 

\ alentine, i\. 282. 

Valiancy, Gen. Charles, i. 998. 

Van Colie, Dutch Governor of New York, 

x. IDS. 

Vanderdoea, , Dutch commander, 

iii. 370. 

Vane, Sir Henry, .Jr., Governor of Massa- 
chusetts, a letter to him from Massachu- 
setts, in 1652, i. 35. Letter from Roger 

Williams to, 161, 162. Writes to Mr. 
Coddington, 177, 1S4. Dismissed from 
sitting m Parliament, 196. Fac-simile 
of liis autograph, iii. 12!>. Commission 
and Instructions to John Winthrop, Jr., 
to treat with the Pequots, 129, 131, 144, 
148, 37D, 380, 381, 390, 398. Sends 
forces against the Peqnots, ii. 354, 356; 
^ vi. 4, 12, 35; viii. 193, 195, 204; x. 3, 19. 

Vane, Sir Henry, Sen., x. 19. 

Van Meteren, , ix. 63. 

Van Micris, , ix. 51, 63, 64. 

Van Rensselaer, lion. Stephen, i. 292. 

Van K u wens, , x. 103, 109. 

Van Schaack, Svl\ v. 23. 

Van Slvk, — , v. 114, 11G. 

Van Trump, , i. 33. 

Vasari's painting of the Massacre on St. 
Bartholomew's Dav, ii. 44. 

Vassal I, , ii. 133. 

Vassal 1, William, iii. 326. 

Vassal I, Samuel, ib. Imprisoned, viii. 294. 

Vassal I, Jo., viii. 267. 

Vassal 1, William, ib. 

Vassall, Ann, ib. 

Vassall, Margaret, ib. 

Vassall, Mary, ib. 

Vassall, Judith, ib. 

Vassall, Fra, ib. 

Vatablus, M., Professor, ii. 4. 

Vattel, ix. 197. 

Vaudreuil, , vi. 262. 

Vaughan, William, i. 88. 

Vaughan, John, i. 292; ii. 365; v. 298. 

Vaughan, , vi. 226. 

Vaughan, Charles, vii. 15. 

Vaughan, George, vii. 183. 

Vaughan's Reports cited, i. 215. 

Vaux, Hon. Roberts, v. 300. 

Velleius Paterculus quoted, x. 203. 

Ven, John, iii. 326. 

Venango, town of, now Franklin, Penn- 
sylvania, v. 103, 105. 

Venner, Thomas, i. 184; ii. 355; iii. 
3! H). 

Venning, Ralph, iv. 154, 159. 

Vennour. See Venner. 

Verdey, Lake, ii 

Verie, 1 I 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 • \ , \ 138. 

Vei in, Joshua, i 1 7 7 

Verm, Dorcas, \ I -. 
Verin, Philip, /A. 

Venn, Hellyer, or Hilliard, <l> 
Verin, Nathaniel, ib. 
Verin, Eliz., ib. 
Venn, Edward, ib. 
Verin, Rebecca, ib. 
Verin, Robert, ib. 
Verine. Bee \ eryn. 
Vernatti, Sir Philiberto, \ I- 
Vernon, Portescue, \. 187. 
Veron, Philip, x. 138. 
Verplanck, Daniel C, i. -J7:?. 
Verplanck, Gulian C, i. 292. 
Verrezanus, Johannes, i. 232. 
Very, Roger, x. 138. 
Verve, Elizabeth, ib, 
Veryn, Hew, or Hugh, ib. 
Veryn, Anna, ib. 
Veryn, William, ib. 

Vessel sent from the southward to relieve. 

Sagadahock, vi. 228. 

Vessel in distress arrives at Boston, vii. 180. 
Vessels employed for security of coast and 

fishery in IS'ew England in 1689, i. 87. 

Vesuvius, ."Mount, description of, published 

by Gamaliel Bradford, i. 204. 

Veyrene, Hope, x. 138. 

Vcyrene, Hie hard, ib. 

Vidaurre, Manuel L., ii. 367; iii. 408. 

Villegagnon, Chevalier de, ii. 7. 

Villemur, , ii. 10. 

Vinal, Elijah, Jr., ii. 88. 

Vincent, P., his Relation of the Pequot 
War, rej)rint of, vi. 29-43. 

Viner, , i. 199. 

Vines, Richard, sent to New England, vi. 
57, 79. e m 

Virgil's iEneid, ancient MS. copy of An- 
nibal Cam's translation of, vii. 18. 

Virginia merchants petition Parliament 
for free importation of iron from the 
colonies, i. 140. Surrendered to the 
Commonwealth of England, ii. 339. 
Massacre in, iii. 13. Condition of, in 
1631, 14. Ecclesiastical government of, 
43, 100. General history of, referred 
to, 51, 312, 361 , 366 - 375; v. 7. -hi, :.i . 

Plymouth settlers sail for, vi. 33. 41, 

42,49,89. Boundaries of, 104. state 
of, in 17D3., vii. 232. 233. Merchantable 
commodities found in the south pari of', 
viii. 117. Inhabitants in 1635, 3 11 ; ix. 
11, 192. Laws, 258; x. 29. 
Virginia Company, consume all in projects, 
&c., iii. 9. Send refiners, goldsmiths, 

jewellers, lapidaries, Ac, 11. Appoint 
a Governor, &C, ib. Dissolved, Ii!. 

Virginia Historical Society, vi. 296. 

Vocabulary, Cotton's, ^\' the Massachu- 
setts (or Natick) Indian language, ii 
1 17. Of words in the Passamaquoddy 


General Index. 

Indian language, iii. 181. Pickering's, 
x. 209. 

Voltaire, ii. 13, 14, 15, 17, 18, 48. 

Votes for Magistrates in Massachusetts, 
1692 ; x. 120. 

Voyage to wrecks lying to windward of 
Jamaica, in 1687, vii. 188, 189. Ac- 
count of Capt. Bartholomew Gosnold's, 
to America in 1602, viii. 69. Of Capt. 
George Waymouth in 1605, 125. Of 
Samuel Mace, in search of Sir Walter 
Ralegh's Colony, 94. Of Christopher 
Levett to New England 1623, 159. 

Voyages of Columbus, account of, viii. 1. 
Josselyn's, to New England, iii. 211. 


W , , i. 238. 

Waaberktamin, Indian minister, ii. 59. 
Waban, or Waaubon, offers his eldest son 

to be educated by the English, iv. 3, 8, 

Wabigganus, iii. 22. 
Waccogo, ib. 
Wade, N., iv. 291. 
Wade, Grace, viii. 299. 
Wad ley, Capt., vi. 250. 
Wadsworth, Rev. Dr. Benjamin, of Dan- 

vers, iii. 169. 
Wadsworth, Rev. President Benjamin, v. 

220; vi. 184. 
Wadsworth, Capt., killed by the Indians, 

vi. 184. 
Wadsworth, Peleg, x. 187. 

Wagenaar, , ix. 63. 

Waiandance, iii. 150-158. 
Wainwright, Col. Francis, v. 189. 
Wainwright, Francis, of Ipswich, vi. 40, 41. 
Wairjwright, Peter, Jr., vii. 287. 
Wainwright, Peter, vii. 289. 
Wakcogo, vi. 107. 
Wakefeild, William, x. 145. 
Wakefeild, Anne, ib. 

Wakely, , vi. 202. 

Wakeman, , x. 31. 

Walch, , ii. 5. 

Walcutt, Maxy, or Mary, i. 124, 125. 
Walcutt, Rev. Robert F., v. 292; vii. 292, 

Waldenses persecuted by the Roman 

Catholic Church, ii. 2. 
Waldo, John, iv. 291. 
Waldo, Cornelius, ib. 
Waldron, Major Richard, i. 87, 88, 210; 

vi. 202, 207; vii. 181. 
Waldron, Richard, Jr., i. 88. 
Waldron, Richard, iv. 292. 

Waldron, , vi. 254. 

Walestein, ix. 251. 

Walfris, Tho., viii. 319, 320. 

Walker, Sir Hovendon, i. 143. 

Walker, Rev. Timothy, of Concord, N. H., 

i. 154. 

Walker, Rev. Charles, iii. 189. 

Walker, Samuel, iv. 290. 

Walker, Joseph, ib. 

Walker, Sergeant, vi. 224. 

Walker, , vi. 275. 

Walker, Thomas, vii. 172. 

Walker, Richard, viii. 259. 

Walker, William, ib. 

Walker, James, viii. 260. 

Walker, Sarra, ib. 

Walker, Richard, viii. 319. 

Walkington, Capt., i. 122, 123. 

Wall, Joan, viii. 266. 

Wall, Capt., ix. 292. 

Wallcut, Thomas, i. 289, 292, 293; v. 
292; vii. 8,9, 10, 17; ix. 170. 

Walley, John, vii. 167. 

Wallis, Nicholas, iv. 291. 

Wallis, Ralph, viii. 266. 

Wallis, George, ib. 

Wallis, Tornar, Indian, ix. 95. 

Wallop, Robert, ii. 356. 

Walpole, New Hampshire, its churches 
and ministers, iii. 190 ; iv. 294. 

Walpole, Sir Robert, ii. 271. 

Walsh, Robert, i. 292 ; ix. 1, 22, 24, 26, 30. 

Walsingham, Sir Francis, iii. 367. 

Walston, Jane, viii. 273. 

Walter, Rev. Nehemiah, i. 134; ii. 60, 

Walter, Capt., vi. 227. 

Walton, Rev. Joseph, ii. 320. 

Walton, Rev. William? iii. 380 ; iv. 276 ; 
viii. 248. 

Walton, Shadrach, v. 190. 

Walumbe, Indian sagamore, i. 112, 114. 

Wampanoags, vi. 190. 

Wampanooucks, i. 67. 

Wampas offers his son and other Indian 
children to be educated by the English, 
iv. 18, 53, 63, 166, 270. 

Wampoowas, iv. 53, 63. 

Wamporas, iv. 166. 

Wanadalgunbuent, Indian chief, vi. 247. 

Wanley, , x. 147. 

Wannerton, Capt. Thomas, iii. 230.- 

Wanton, or Warton, Lieut.-Col. William, 
v. 190, 192, 195. 

Wanungonet, Indian sachem, vi. 249. 

Wanusegunt, Indian chief, vi. 247. 

War, instructions for Josiah Winslow, 
commander in Philip's, i. 66. Lion 
Gardener's relation of the Pequot, iii. 
131. Captain Underbill's History of the 
Pequot, vi. 1. P. Vincent's Relation of 
the Pequot, 29. Niles's History of In- 
dian and French, 154. 

Warbigganus, vi. 107. 

Ward, Rev. Nathaniel, of Ipswich, Mas- 
sachusetts, i. 238; iii. 93, 379; iv. 2. 
Composes the laws of Massachusetts 
called the " Body of Liberties," viii. 
193, 194. Author of the Simple Cob- 
ler of Aggawam, 196, 205-210, 246, 
248, 249, 295 ; x. 163, 167, 168. 

(it neral Index, 

Ward, Samuel, ofCharlestown, i. 252,259. 
Ward, Rev, John, of Haverhill, 
chuaetts, iii. 03, 99 j viii. 248, 249; ii 

123; x. 11)7. 

Ward, John, of Newton, iv. 290. 

Ward, Obadiah, Sen., ib. 

\\ ard, Lawrence, \ ii. 124. 

Ward, Eliza, viii. 256. 

Ward, Rev. John, of Haverhill, England, 

x. 163, 167, 168. 
Ward, Rev. Samuel, oflpawich, England, 

\. 167. 
Ward, Rev. Edward, ib. 
Ward Families, \. 107, 163. 
Ward, Susan, x. 16c*. 
Wart-, Rev. Henry, Jr., i 289j x. 225. 
Ware, Rev. Henry, of Hingham, ii. 97, 

98, Professor, v. 115, 246. 
Ware, John, iv. 291. 
Ware, Dr. John, ix. 76. 
Warehouses, 166 in Boston in 1742, i. 152. 
Warham, Rev. John, iii. 97; iv. 56; viii. 

247; ix. 262; x. 60,61. 
Warham, William, viii. 304. 
"Warner, John, L 11. 
Warner, John, viii. 261. 

Warner, , ix. 271. 

Warren, , i. 241. 

Warren, Dr. J. C, ii. 367. 

Warren, Thomas, viii. 274, 275. 

Warn, George, viii 301. 

Warwick, "that noble " Karl of, i. 230; 

ii. 136; iii. 218) 384. Obtains a grant 

from Charles I., ix. 204, 281. 
Warwick, in Rhode Island, purchased of 

Miantinomy, i. 211, 215, 219, 221, 223; 

iv. 135 ; vi. 183. 
Washborne, Margaret, viii. 257. 
Wash borne, John, ib. 
Washborne, Philip, ib. 
Washington, George, ii. 41, 51. Visits 

the French commander on the Ohio in 

1754, v. 101-108, 109, 132, 150; vi. 

152. Description of medals of, 286; 

vii. 25, 288. His letters to Hon. I. 

Palmer, viii. 345, 346: ix. 9, 25, 96; x. 

189. His writings, edited by Professor 

Sparks, quoted, v. 101. 
Washington Family, viii. 316. 
Washington, Capt. John, vi. 280. 
Wassamliomet, vi. 235. 
Watannmmon, Indian sachem, vi. 248. 
Waterbouse, Rev. Thomas, x. 169. 
Waterhouse, Thomas, ib. 
Waterhouse, Conquest, ib. 
Waterhouse, John, x. 170. 
Waterhouse, Edward, ib. 
Waterhouse, David, ib. 
Waters, Capt., v. 100. 
Watertown. iii. 321. Settled, ix. 120, 204. 

Church, iii. 377; vii. 21)7, 298. Mill, 

iv. 177, 291. 
Watertowne, now Wethersfield, attacked 

by the Pequots, vi. 12, 15. 
Watkinson, Rev. Robert, viii. 314. 

Watombamet Indian sagamore, i 112, 1 1 1. 

Watumbomt, Indian sagamore, i. 1 12, 1 1 I 

Watson, Marston, i 9 

Watson, Dr R., Bishop of Llaodaff, i, 299 

Watson, Elkanah, ib. 

Watson, John F , iii. 104, 405, 406. 

\\ atson, Thomas, vi. 180. 

Watson, Col. George, ix. 12 1 

\\ atson, I. II. n. \ 189 

Wattlin, Richard, x. 143. 

Watts, Abigail, i. 167. 

Wails. Mrs. , i. 1 43- 146. 

Watts. Capt., vi. 181. 

Waupinhommin, i\ 272. 

Wawrigwick, iii. 22. Or Waurigweck, 

vi. 107. 
Way, William, .ii. L75, 178, 

Way, Aaron, iii. I?-. 

Waymouth, Capt. George, iii. 51. Rela- 
tion of his Voyage to Virginia in 1005, 
viii. 125-157. 

Wayne, Gen., v. 132, 13G. 

Weare, Meshech, ii. 315. 

Weare, Hon. Meshech. v. 11. 

Weatherill. See Wetherill. 

Weaver, , ii. 331. 

Weavi i James, viii. 25 1. 

Weaver, Bdmond, ib. 

Weaver, Margaret, ib. 

Web, , x.44. 

Webb, Christopher, iv. 200. 

Webb, Rev. , v. 215, 223, 221. 

Webb, Dr. Thomas II., Secretary of the 

Rhode Island Historical Society, V. 2! 5 ; 

vii. 2! 15; x. 236. 
Webb, Rev. John, vi. 258. 
Webb, Capt. Thomas, viii. 271. 
Webb, alias Evered, John, iii. 100; viii. 

Webb, alias Evered, Stephen, viii. 319. 
Webb, Margaret, x. 138. 
Webb, William, ib. 
Webb, Henry, x. 138, 130. 
Webbacowitts, Indian sachem, iii. 105. 
Webber. . his ship wrecked at Co- 

nohasset, iv. 172. 
Webber, Rev. John, ii. 321. 
Webber, President [SamuelJ. ib. 
Webber, Michael, his wife killed by In- 
dians, vi. 240. 
Webenes, Indian, vi. 235. 
Webster, Widow, i. 156. 
Webster, Hon. Daniel, i. 274,280; ii. 368; 

v. 291,297; ix. 117. 
Webster, Dr. Redford, i. 289, 293, 204 ; ii. 

365; vii. 17; ix. 170. 
Webster, Noah, Jr., i. 292. 
Webster, Rev. Josiah, ii. 301. 

Webster. , v. 151. 

Webster's " Duchess of Malfi " quoted, 

ix. 81. 
Weeden, Edward, \ iii. 259. 
Weekes, Jo , viii. 272. 
Weekes, Marie, ib. 
Weekes, Anna, ib. 


General Index. 

Weeks, Rev. 

v. 235. 

Weems, Lieut. James, i. 85. 

Weems, Capt., vi. 208. 

Weever's Funeral Monuments referred to, 

vii. 22. 
Weinshauks, i. 161. 

Weiser, , v. 45. 46, 51. 

Welch, Samuel, i. 158. 
Welch, Alice, viii. 299. 
Weld, Rev. Thomas, of Roxbury, i. 26, 

236, 238, 245 ; ii. 299 ; iii. 65, 93, 387 ; 

iv. 144 ; viii. 248, 285, 286; ix. 258. 
Weld, Rev. Thomas, of Dunstable, ii. 302. 
Weld, Thomas, of Deerfield, iv. 291. 
Weld, Joseph, vii. 105. 
Weld, Mary, vii. 205. 
Welibank, Capt., v. 169-171. 
Welles, Hon. John, i. 273, 278; v. 294, 

300 ; vi. 299. 
Welles, Samuel, v. 9. 

Welles [or Wellds], , ix. 258. 

Wells. See Weld. 

Wells, Elizabeth, i. 155. 

Wells, Samuel, ii. 275. 

Wells, Capt., vi. 250. 

Wells, Ann, viii. 255. 

Wells, Tho., viii. 258. 

Wells, Ann, viii. 259. 

Wells, town of, i. 86, 113; iii. 344; vi. 

217, 218, 225, 239, 248, 250. Harbour, 

Welstead, Rev. William, v. 219; vii. 290. 
Welsh, Jacob, viii. 256. 
Welsh defeated by Cromwell, ix. 277. 
Wenape, Indian, carried to England, vi. 60. 
Wenden, Jo., vii. 176. 
Wenham, iii. 323 ; iv. 291. Church, 384. 
Wenobson, vi. 235. 
Wenongahewitt, vi. 235. 
Wensley, Mrs. Anna, vii. 286. 
Wensley, Samuel, ib. 
Wentworth, Samuel, i. 88. 
Wentworth, Charles M., i. 292. 
Wentworth, Benning, Governor of New 

Hampshire, v. 11. 
Wentworth, Capt. Eben., v. 190. 
Wentworth, John, Governor of New 

Hampshire, v. 196 - 199. 
Wentworth, John, Lieut.-Gov., vii. 288. 
Wentworth, Sir John, ib. 
Weoncombone, sachem of Long Island. 

x. 183. 
Wepiteammock, a friend to the English, 

i. 161 ; ix. 285,290,292. 
Wequash, i. 161; iii. 150, 162; vi. 163, 

164. Preaches to the Indians, 172, 182; 

ix. 299. 
Wequashcuick, ix. 273-275,282,284, 287. 
Wessagussett, now Weymouth, vi. 74. 
West, Robert [R. ?], i. 4. 
West, Edward, iv. 290. 
West, Rev. Dr. Samuel, v. 245. 
West, John, vii. 189. 
West, Thomas, vii. 267. 
West, Jo., viii. 266. 

West, Twiford, viii. 272. 

West, Rev. William, viii. 304. 

Western Colony planted at Sagadahock 

River, vi. 105, 117. 
Westfield, iv. 291. Assaulted by Indians, 

i. 69. 
Westgostuggo River, vii. 176. 
West Indians come into Germany, A. D. 

1160, iii. 358. 
Weston, Francis, i. 2. 
Weston, Thomas, iii. 375. Attempts a 

settlement at Weymouth, vi. 74 ; vii. 300. 
Weston, Edmond, viii. 263. 
Westwood, Bridgett, x. 143. 
Westwoode, William, x. 143, 144. 
Wetherell, Samuel, i. 273. 
Wetherill, William, viii. 248, 249. 
Wethersfield, Connecticut, settled, vi. 157. 
Wetmore, Judge William, i. 289, 293; 

vii. 17; ix. 171. 
Wexar, Indian chief, vi. 247. 
Weymouth, iii. 320. Settled, 375; iv. 

133, 291. Robert Gorges settles at, vi. 

74. People killed by Indians, 183. 

Church, i. 49; iii. 65,381. 
Weymouth, Capt. George, iii. 370. Car- 
ries Indians to England, vi. 50, 105. 

See Waymouth. 
Whales, viii. 87. Indian manner of kill- 
ing, 156. 
Whalley and Goffe, Messrs., i. 51. In 

New Haven, 52, 61. Papers relating 

to, vii. 123; viii. 325, 331; ix.l22;x.39. 

Wharton, Rev. , i. 237. 

Wharton, Lord, v. 207. 

Wharton, Richard, vii. 155, 156,158, 160, 


Wharton, ., vii. 198, 199, 202. 

Wharton, Sarah, vii. 199. 

Whealer, Thomas, viii. 319. 

Wheat, Thomas, i. 156. 

Wheat, Sarah, i. 157. 

Wheat, Joshua, viii. 258. 

Wheatland, Dr. Henry, x. 236. 

Wheeler, Mrs., ii. 79. 

Wheeler, Hannah, ii. 297. 

Wheeler, Sir Francis, v. 181. 

Wheeler, Capt., vi. 179. 

Wheeler, John, vi. 275. 

Wheelock, Hon. John, i. 292. 

Wheelocke, Ralph, viii. 248. 

Wheelwright, Rev. John, ii. 300; iii. 99; 

iv. 294 ; viii. 248. 
Wheelwright, Rev. , of Braintree, 

iii. 383. 

Wheelwright, , vi. 229. 

Wheelwright, John, Jr., author of " Mer- 

curius Americanus," viii. 286. 
Wheelwright's Pond, vi. 224. 
Whetmore, Thomas, vii. 290. 
Whickham, Capt., v. 122. 
Whidden, Eunice, ii. 296. 
Whipple, Capt., i. 70. 
Whipple, Rev. Joseph, ii. 301. 
Whitburn, Capt., iii. 372. 

Gene nil hitler. 

White, Capt William, i. 94. 
White, Sarah, i. 157. 

\\ hite, Dr. , i. 838. 

White, Timothy, ii. 279. 
White, Francis, ii. 346. 

White, Capt. Join), iii. 51. 
White, Mrs. Susanna, iii. 374. 
White, Peregrine, ib. 

White, Samuel, iii. 380. 

White, Hon. Daniel A., iii. 405; v. 300; 

\. 205, 209. 
White, Thomas W., v. 299,29a 
White, Elizabeth, vi. 162, 

White, Nathaniel, vi. 226. 
White, Rev. J., v.. 298. 

White, John, viii.'J.VJ. 
White, William, viii. 261. 
White, Francis, ib. 

White. Richard, viii. 263. 
White, Edward, viii. 205. 

White, .Martha, ib. 

White, Mary, ib. 

White, Rev" John, viii. 30G. 

White, Roger, i.\. 54. 

White, Anna, i.\. 1:25. 

White, Samuel, Of. 

White, , ix. 232. 

White, Anthony, x 143. 

Whitecomb, or Whetcomb, Simon, iii. 326. 

Whitefield, Rev. George, letter from Sec- 
retarv Willard to, i. 147; v. 229. 

Whitefock, Lord, ii. 347,351. 

White Sea, viii. 52. 

Whitfield, Rev. Henry, iii. 98. His 
"Farther Discovery of' the Present State 
of the Indians in New England," iv. 
100-147. Visits Martha's Vineyard, 
107, 108. Letter from Rev. Thomas 
May hew to him, 184. Letters pub- 
lished by, giving an account of t; the 
Further Progress of the Gospel among 
the Indians," reprinted, 149-196, 263; 
vii. 200, 201,204; viii. 240. 

Whitford, Col., ii. 334. 

Whiting, Rev. Samuel, of Lynn, iii. 93 ; 
viii. 246, 240, 344 ; ix. 176"; x. 61, 171. 

Whiting, Capt. William, vi. 243. 

Whiting, Rev. John, of Hartford, ib. 

Whiting, Rev. John, of Lancaster, killed 
by Indians, vi. 244. 

Whiting, Major, vi. 255, 259. 

Whiting, John, viii. 344. 

Whiting, John, Jr., ib. 

Whiting, Ann, x. 170. 

Whiting, John, x. 170, 171. 

Whiting, Rose, x. 171. 

Whiting, Henry, ib. 

Whiting, Mary, ib. 

Whiting Family, viii. 344 ; x. 171. 

Whitman, Rev. Samuel, ii. 87. 

Whitman, Z. G., ii. 366, 368 ; iii. 405. 

Whitman, Zacharia, viii. 272. 

Whitman, Sara, ib. 

Whitmore, Sir George, viii. 254, 269. 

Whitmore, Sir William, viii. 250. 

vol. x. 45 

Whitney, R. M , , 
Whitney, Rev. Pet< r, i S I 
\\ h 1 1 ii. \ . Joshua, n 74. 75 
\\ bitney, Re> Job, i 
Whitney, Ret G 
Whitney, Richard, nii. 258. 
Whitney, Nathaniel, ib. 
Whitney, Tho., ib. 

Whitney, Jonathan, ib. 

Whitney, Ellin, ib. 

Whitney [Whiting?], R<\. Samuel, ix. 

Whitney'f Historj of the County of Wor- 
cester referred to, ii. :*<•. 

Whittaker, Jeremy, iv. :5o, 35, 159. 

Whittemore, Rei . Aaron, ii. 1514. 

Whittemore, Thomas, vi. 295. 
Whittemore, Laurence, viii. 251. 

Whittemore, Elizabeth, ib. 
Whitteredd, William, viii. 257. 
Whitteredd, Elizabeth, ib. 

Whitteredd, Thomas, ib. 

Whittingham, William, v. 206. 

Whittington's Hotel, Cohasset, ii. 109. 

Whitton, Jeremy, viii. 203. 

Whitton, \iidry, ib. 

Whitton, Thomas, viii. 2(54. 

Whitwell, Rev. William A., iii. 100. 

Whitwell, William, v.237. 

Whitwell, Rev. William, v. 237, 239. 

Wibird, Hon. Richard, v. 10. 

Wickenden, William, i. 4. 

Wicom, Daniel, iv. 290. 

Widelris, Thomas, x. 145. 

Wife, counsel of, vi. 5. 

Wiggin, Simeon, i. 158. 

Wiggin, Nathaniel, ii. 297. 

Wiggin, Capt. Thomas, ii. 30^; iii. 106. 
His letter to Emmanuel Downinge, viii. 
320. To Sir John Cooke, 322. 

Wigglesworth, Edward, letter to John 
\\ inthrop, Jr., ix. 2%. 

Wight, Margaret, ii. 295. 

Wilbore, Shadrach, writes against An- 
dres's tax law, vii. 190. Order for 
his imprisonment, ib. 

Wilby, George, viii. 259. 

Wilcockson, William, viii. 254. 

Wihockson, Margaret, ib. 

Wilcockson, John, ib. 

Wild, John, vii. 151 ; viii. 257. 

Wild, Alice, viii. 257. 

Wild, William, viii. 257; x. 128. 

Wild, Joseph, ix. 275. 

Wildbore, Anne, viii. 299. 

Wildman, Joseph, x. 88. 

Wilemson, Mary, x. 174. 

Wiley, Thomas, i. 2T5. 

Wilkins, Bray, iii. 172. 

Wilkins, Thomas, iii. 172- 1". 

Wilkinson, Widow, i. 156. 
Wilkinson, Henry, viii. 262. 
Will, an Indian, servant to Roger Wil- 
liams, i. 173. 
Wills Creek, v. 102. 


General Index. 

Willard, Rev. Samuel, of Boston, i. 134, 
256; iii. 179, 180. Vice-President of 
Harvard College, v. 187. 

Willard, Josiah, Secretary of Massachu- 
setts, his letter to Rev. Mr. Whitefield, 
i. 147 ; v. 10 ; vii. 86, 96. 

Willard, Solomon, i. 274, 278. 

Willard, Joseph, ii. 367; iii. 407; v. 291, 
294, 295, 300; vi. 297; vii. 294. His 
Memoir of William Lincoln, x. 225. 

Willard, Sergeant, iii. 137. 

Willard, , iii. 405. 

Willard, Major Simon, iv. 40, 62, 83; x. 4. 

Willard, Capt., vi. 216, 250, 259. 

Willes, , viii. 314. 

Willet, , i. 71. 

Willet, Thomas, vii. 94, 97. 

Willet, Capt., vii. 246. 

Willey, Rev. Isaac, ii. 313, 314. 

William, or Nataous, Indian, of Sudbury, 
iv. 232, 233. 

William III., orders the second charter 
of Massachusetts to be drawn up, i. 
119. Order in relation to Connecticut 
charter, ib. Petition to, for restoration 
of charters, 120. Sends French Prot- 
estants to Virginia, ii. 35. Order for 
Sir Edmund Andros to be sent to Eng 
land, vii. 191. 

William and Mary, i. 105 ; ii. 47. Estab 
lish the Protestant interest, vi. 205. 

Williams, Roger, his letter to Governor 
Leverett, i. 70. Letters to Governor J 
Winthrop. Sen., 159-178. Letter to 
J. Winthrop, Jr., 178, 211 , 212 ; ii. 341 ; 
iii. 97, 154 ; vii. 7, 249. 287, 297, 298 ; 
viii. 291. Founder of Rhode Island, 
account of, ix. 206-210. Letter to 
John Winthrop, 299. Letters to John 
Winthrop, Jr., 268-294 ; x. 1-5,10,18, 
26, 39. His Indian Vocabulary, ii. 150, 
and "Key into the Language of Amer- 
ica," referred to, viii. 295 

Williams, John, of Deerfield, i. 289. 

Williams, William T., i. 292 ; iii. 129, 131, 
161,167,209,407; vi. 294. 

Williams, Jonathan, i. 292. 

Williams, Samuel, ib. 

Williams, Rev. Simeon, ii. 97. 

Williams, Jonathan, ii. 278. 

Williams, Dr. , Professor, ii. 285 ; 

x. 187. Account of a solar eclipse in 
1780, 188. 

Williams, Ephraim, ii. 290. 

Williams, Rev. Samuel, of Bradford, iii. 
191; v.272. 

Williams, Abraham, iv. 290. 

Williams, Elisha, v. 12. 

Williams, Rev. , of Deerfield, and 

wife, taken by the Indians, vi. 252. His 
wife killed, 253. Publishes a narra- 
tive, ib. 
Williams, John, of Conway, vii. 293. 

Williams, Dr. , viii. 251. 

Williams, Ann, viii. 267. 

Williams, Dr., his library, in London, viii. 

Williams, Hugh, viii. 317; x. 135, 136. 
Williams, Joseph, x. 28. 
Williamson, Dr. Hugh, i. 292. 
Williamson, Hon. William D , i. 298. 
Notice of Orono, a Penobscot chief, ix. 
82. Sketches of Indian tribes in New 
England, 92. 
Williamson, Capt., v. 190; vi. 255. 
Williamson, Michell, viii. 254. 
Williamson, William, viii. 270. 
Williamson, Marie, ib. 
Williamson, Ann, viii. 272. 
Williamson's History of Maine referred 

to, ix. 98. 
Willing, Richard, i. 273. 
Willis, Rev. Zephaniah, i. 289. 
Willis, Nathaniel, ii. 368; iii. 406; vii. 

Willis, William, iii. 407; vi. 295. 
Willis, Samuel, letter to J. Winthrop, Jr., 
x. 56, 74, 75. And J. Winthrop, Jr., 
letter to Sir G. Carteret, 84, 89. 

Willis, , x. 113, 114, 117. 

Willoughby, Lord, iii. 248, 393. 
Wiiloughby, Sir Hugh, iii. 363. 
Willoughby, Francis, Dep.-Gov., iii. 388- 

394 ; iv. 196. 
Willoughbys, heirs of the Barony of 

Willoughby, viii. 310. 
Willyard See Willard 
Wilmington, Earl of, ii. 271. 
Wilson, Rev. John, of Boston, i. 35, 46, 
164, 231, 245; iii. 93, 106, 377, 393. 
Preaches to the Indians, iv. 41, 42, 54. 
His letter to the Corporation for Pro- 
moting the Gospel among the Indians, 
176, 228, 232; vi. 28; vii. 289, 298; 
viii. 248, 288, 316; ix. 121, 243, 258 

Wilson, Rev. , of Medfield, i. 50. 

Wilson, Rachel, ii. 296. 
Wilson, Col. Robert, ii. 298. 
Wilson, John, iv. 290. 
Wilson, Sarah, vi. 142. 
Wilson, Lieut., vi. 228. 

Wilson, Dr. , vii. 297. 

Wilson, Rev. William, viii. 316. 
Wilson, Jane A., ix. 17. 

Wilson, Rev. , ib. 

Wilson, Mrs., ib. 

Wilton, New Hampshire, its churches 

and ministers, iii. 184. 
Wincal, Capt., vi. 207. 
Winche, Mary, x. 144. 
Winchell, Elizabeth, viii. 256. 
Winchell, Jo., ib. 
Winchester, Jo., viii. 255. 
Winchester, New Hampshire, its churches 

and ministers, iii. 185; iv. 293. 
Wincumbone, iii. 140. 

Windover, , ix. 256. 

Winds, notes of, in Old and New Eng- 
land, 1630 -31, i. 235. 
Windsor, Connecticut, settled, vi. 157. 

General Index, 

Windsor, Joshua, \. 40. 

W'nns and Btrong waten forbidden, is. 

Wingadacoa, Indian name of Nwn Eng< 
land, &c., iii. 239, 312. 

Wingate, Samuel, ii. 296. 

Wingate, Rev. Paine, ii. 301. 

Wingate, Hon. Paine, iii. I83j v. 296. 

Wingate, Edward, viii. 315. 

Wingate Family, ib. 

Winge, Robert, x. 1 13. 

\\ inge, Judith, ih. 

Wingfield, Capt., viii. 69. 

Winnisimetj iii. 322. 

Winne, Peter, v. 23. 

Winnepisseockeege, i. 113. 

Winsley, Capt., v. 190. 

Winslow, Edward, Go> ernor ofPlymouth, 
i. 21,22,27. His « New-England's Sal- 
amander discovered " reprinted, ii. 1 10, 
266; iii. 378, 380, 384. Letters of Rev. 
J. Eliot and T. May hew, Jr., published 
by, iv. 09. Letters of Rev. J. Eliot to, 
79,89. Agent, 71, 118, 169; vii. 286, 
298; viii. 288, 2!);}. His "Brief Nar- 
ration " republished in Young's Pil- 
grims, extracts from, ix. 48, 53. No- 
tice <>t* Ins mission to England, <)'^, ?(>, 
199. Assists Roger Williams, 21(1, 214, 

242,346; x. 7. 
Winslow, Susanna, i. 27. 
Winslow, Josiah, (Governor of Plymouth, 

his commission as commander-in-chief 

in Philip's War, i. 66; ii.266; in. 210; 
vi. 181; vii. 2-i i. 

Winslow, .Mrs. , ii. 287, 288. 

Winslow, Rev. Hubbard, iii. 188. 

Winslow, Dr. John, v. 293. 

Winslow, Penelope, vii. 28G. 

Winslow, Gen. John, ib. 

Winslow, John, ib. 

Winslow, Pelbam, ib. 

Winslow, Dr. Isaac, ib. 

Winslow, Isaac, vii. 289, 291. 

Winslow family portraits, vii. 286. 

Winsor, Josua, i. 4. 

Winter, John, iii. 229. 

Winter, Capt., iii. 364. 

Winter, cold in New England, iii. 378, 
382, 383 ; vi. 55. 

Winter Harbour, iii. 344, 347. Garrison 
at, vi 248. 

Winter-towne [Watertown ?], vi. 41. 

Winthrop, John, Governor of Massachu- 
setts, i. 11. Letter from Emmanuel 
Downinge to, 15. Letter from Richard 
Andrewes, 21. From Benjamin Hub- 
bard, 20. From Thomas Peters, 23. 
From William Pead, 25. From Rev. 
Ezekiel Rogers, 26, 27. Letters from 
Roger Williams to, 159-177. From 
John Ilavnes, 229, 235, 239, 212,243, 
245, 265; ii. 350; iii. 40, 90,94. Fac- 
simile of his autograph, 129. Letter to 
John Winthrop, Jr., Vl'\ 138, 161, 225, 

8, II Q . M. 

- 1 His u M.., i, i of ( in istian Chant) ," 

vii. 31, 100, 103, 107. Letter from 

D'Auln. v to, I ; viii 201, 

211, 245, 246, 2 6, 8 7, 315, 321, 

323, 32 I Ann | - ;il Salem, iv I 19, 

120, 210. Letter I'm,,, Rev. \\ illiara 
Leigh to, 226. Hia letter to Sir \\ il- 
li.iin Springe, 227. Letter from Roger 
Williams to, 299. Hit Histon of New 
England referred to, i. I ; ii, Si •"»- . i i 2; 
i\ 301 ; \. I, 27, 150, 151, 154, 15 >, 
164, 165, 170. Hia History of New 
England distributed by the Legislature 
of Massachusetts, \ ii. 23. Hi- I listory 
of Nev» England continued bj John 
Winthrop, Jr., \. 48, 125. 

Winthrop, Stephen, i. I5j iii. 94, I"'.'; 
vii. 105 ; viii. 296. 

Winthrop, John, Jr., Governor of Con- 
necticut, letter from Roger \\ illiama u>, 
i. 176. From Rev. Hugh Peter, 179, 
180. From William Hooke, 181. And 
others, buy land ofthe Indians, 21 3, 248. 

Letters from Henry Jaeie to, 235-246} 
iii. 94. Letter and commission from 
Massachusetts to treat with the Pequots, 
129, 130, 137, 210, 400; iv. 170 ; vii. 

31 ; viii. 269, 295. Letters from John 
H unities- to, ix. 232, 233, 245, 252. 
From Francis Kirby, 2:17, 246-252, 
258-267. From Edward Howes, 240- 
245, 252-258 To Roger Williams, 
289, 291. From Roger Williams, 268 - 
294; x. 1-5, 10, 18, 26, 39. From 
Rev. John Davenport, ix. 294, 297 ; n. 
6, 8, 11-15, 19-26, 29-39, 42-46, 58, 
59. From Edward Wigglesworth, ix. 
296 From Rev. Henry Paynter, 231. 
From Sir Kenelme Digby, x. 5, 15. 
From Samuel Hutchinson, 49,50. From 
P. Carteret, 51. To P. Carteret, 52. To 
Col. Richard Nicolls, 54. From Sam- 
uel Willes, 56. From George Den i son, 
64. From Charles Hill, 00 From 
James Noyes, 67. From Rev. Abraham 
Pierson, 60. From Robert Morris, ?<>. 
From Rev. Thomas Shepard, of Charles- 
town, ib. From Mary Gold, 72. From 
Bryan Rosseter, 7:>. From George 
Heathcote, 76 From William Jones, 
77 From Francis Lovelace, Governor 
of New York, 79, 80, 86. ToGovernor 
Lovelace, 81. To the Governor and 
Council of Rhode [eland, 83. (And 
Samuel Willis) to Sir George Carteret, 
84. To John Perry, 85. To the Coun- 
cil of Connecticut, 89 From the Gov- 
ernor and Council of Massachusetts, 97, 

100. From Matthias Nichols, 99, 103, 

113. To Matthias Nichols. 111. Iron. 
Governor Leverett, 96, 101, 104. From 
John Sharpe, 108 To Hon. Robert 
Boyle, 110. From Fitz-John Winthrop, 
112. From Sir E. Andros, 115, 116. 


General Index. 

From John Davenport, Jr., 115. From 
Daniel Witherell, 118, 119. To Lord 
Brereton, 123. From Henry Olden- 
burg, 47, 124, 260. Entreated to return 
to England, x. 5, 6, 16. His son cap- 
tain of a troop of horse, 38. History 
of New England continued by, 48, 125, 

Winthrop, Major Fitz-John, i. 248. Let- 
ter to John Allyn, x. 91. Defends 
Long Island, 92-94, 114, 115, 117-120. 
Receives the thanks of Connecticut 
colony, 95. His answer to message to 
surrender, 93, 99, 100. Letter from 
Samuel Epps to, x. 89, 91. His letter 
to John Winthrop, Jr., 112. 

Winthrop, Adam, i. 265. 

Winthrop, Hon. William, i. 289; ii. 365. 

Winthrop, Hon. James, i. 289,293; vii. 
9,17; ix. 170; x. 187. 

Winthrop, Hon. Thomas L., Lieut.-Gov., 
i. 293, 297; ii. 78, 366; iii. 405; v. 292, 
296. Letter from Don Juan Galindo to, 
vi. 280, 295, 297; vii. 31, 285, 287, 288, 
292,294,295; ix. 170,224. 

Winthrop, Francis W., ii. 78. 

Winthrop, Mrs., ib. 

Winthrop, James, takes the name of James 
Bowdoin, ib. See Bowdoin. 

Winthrop, Mrs., iii. 137; ix. 273, 274; 
x. 32. 

Winthrop, Francis B., iii. 165. 

Winthrop, Adam, of Louisiana, iii. 408. 

Winthrop, Adam, iv. 289. 

Winthrop, Mary, iv. 295. 

Winthrop, Francis B., v. 300 ; vii. 31. 

Winthrop, B. R., Recording Secretary of 
New York Historical Society, vii. 31. 

Winthrop, Wait, vii. 162, 166. 

Winthrop, John Fitz, vii. 168. 

Winthrop, Robert C, viii. 4 ; ix. 101. 

Winthrop, Elizabeth, viii. 269. 

Winthrop, Jane, viii. 296. 

Winthrop, Lucie, ib. 

Winthrop, Henry, ib. 

Winthrop, Anna, viii. 297. 

Winthrop, Jane, ib. 

Winthrop, Luce, ib. 

Winthrop, Adam, viii. 297; x.151. Verses 
by, on the birth of Henry Mildmay, 

Winthrop, Mrs., ix. 226. 

Winthrop, Eliza, ix. 243. 

Winthrop, Major, x. 1. 

Winthrop, Capt., x. 56, 67. 

Winthrop, Major-General, x. 121. 

Winthrop, John, recommendation of, to 
the Royal Society, x. 121, 122. 

Winthrop, Alice, x. 151. 

Winthrop Family, account of, x. 150. 

Winthrop Papers, ix. 226 ; x. 1. 

Winthropp, Deane, i. 15 ; viii. 269, 297. 

Winthropp, Adam, viii. 296. 

Winthropp, Anna, ib. 

Winthropp, Nathaniel, viii. 297. 

Winthropp, Samuel, viii. 297. 

Winthropp, Margaret, ib. 

Winthropp, Ann, ib. 

Winthropp, Martha, ib. 

Winthropp, Harry, ib. 

Winthropp, Elizabeth, ib. 

Winthropp, Stephen, ib. 

Winthropp, Judith, ib. 

Winthropp, Annis, ib. 

Winthropp, Mrs. Mary, ib. 

Winthropp, Mrs., ib. 

Winthropp, Forth, ib. 

Wise, Rev. Jeremiah, ii. 310. 

Wise, John, iv. 291. 

Wiseman, Richard, x. 164. 

Wiseman, Hannah, ib. 

Wisewell, Capt. John, i. 87. 

Wisner, Rev. Dr. ^ iii. 405, 406; 

vii. 7. 

Wiswall, , i. 117. 

Wiswall, Rev. , of Duxbury, vii. 


Wiswel, Capt., vi. 210, 218, 224. 

Witchcraft, supposed, in 1692, examina- 
tion of persons accused of, i. 124 ; vii. 
261, 262, 263 ; ix. 182. 

With, Mary, viii. 272. 

Witherell, William, viii. 274. 

Witherell, Mary, ib. 

Witherell, or Wetherell, Daniel, letters 
to J. Winthrop, Jr., x. 118, 119. 

Witheridge, Capt., viii. 170. 

Witherley, Capt. John, viii. 274. 

Witherly. See Witherell. 

Withie, Suzan, viii. 272. 

Withie, Marie, ib. 

Withie, Robert, ib. 

Withington, Capt., i. 85. 

Withipoles, The, x. 161. 

Woburn, several of the church and town 
of, their petition to the General Court 
for Christian liberty, i. 38: iii. 324. 
Church, 383; iv. 290 ; vi. 184. 

Wolcott, Hon. Oliver, i. 292; vii. 288; 
x. 189. 

Wolcott, Roger, Jr., v. 12. 

Wolcott, Oliver, v. 75, 84, 87, 92. 

Wolfe, General, ii. 298. 

Wolhouston, Marie, viii. 255. 

Wolley, Robert, x. 88. 

Wolliston, Capt., vi. 136. 

Women, courageous, vi. 275. 

Wonasquam (or Annisquam), iii. 323. 

" Wonder-working Providence," Edward 
Johnson author of, vi. 46. Copy of, in 
the British Museum, viii. 284. 

Wood, Elias, viii. 274. 

Wood, William, viii. 272. 

Wood, Elizabeth, ib. 

Wood, Jo., ib. 

Wood, Constant, viii. 264. 

Wood, Thomas, viii. 252. 

Wood, Elizabeth, viii. 261. 

Wood, Nathaniel, ib. 

Wood, Antony, viii. 316. 

General Index. 


Wood's Athens Oxonienais, viii. 877. 

Fasti, 249, 250,251 
Woodberry, Peter, \ii 
Woodberry, John, vii. 253, 254, 260. 
Woodberry, \\ illiam, Sen., \n. 2.">6. 
Woodberry, Hugh, ib. 
Woodberry, Anna, ib. 
Woodberry, A nna, Jr., ib. 
Woodberry, Elizabeth, ib. 
Woodberry , Mar) , ib. 
Woodberry, Hannah, ib. 
Woodberry, Humphrey, Sen., vii. 256, 260. 

Woodbridge, Rev. , i. 256. 

Woodbridge, Rev. John, iv. 295. 
Woodbridge, Benjamin, viii. 288. 
Woodbridge. John, viii. 317. 
Woodbury, Capt. Nathaniel, i. 158. 
Woodbury, Hon. Levi, iii. 293; vi.297; 

vii. 26. 
Woodbury, Peter, iv. 290. 
Woodbury, Anna, v. 218. 
Wood Creek, v. 120. 
Woodhouse, Henry, iv. 291. 
Woodman, Richard, \iii. 267. 
Woodman, Hercules, viii. 319. 
Woodward, Jane, i. L56. 
Woodward, , vi. 296. 

Woodward, Joseph, vii. 290. 

Woodward, George, viii. 254, 256; x. 131. 

Woodward, Rose, X. 140. 

Woodward, Richard, x. 140, 142. 

Woodward, George, x. 142. 

Woodward, John, ib. 

Woolfe, Martha, vii. 256. 

Woolfe, Peter, ib. 

Woolfbrd, Jane, x. 139. 

Woolseye, George, vii. 246. 

Woolson, Thomas, i. 158; ii. 297. 

Woolson, Joanna, ii. 297. 

Worcester, Rev. Francis, iii. 94. 

Worcester, Rev. Thomas, iii. 165. 

Worcester, Joseph E., v. 296, 300; vi. 
295, 298; vii. 25,292,293. 

Worcester, Rev. Samuel M., v. 297. 

Worcester, Rev. W., x. 138. 

Worcester battle, 1651, i. 32. 

Worcester Magazine and Historical Jour- 
nal, x. 228. 

Worden, Jane, viii. 252 ; x. 127. 

Worden, Isaac, viii. 261 ; x. 129. 

Worombo, Indian sagamore, vi. 228. 

Worster, Rev. , of Salisbury, iii. 

'.•4. See Worcester. 

Worthington, John, v. 9. 

Worthington, Dr. , viii. 318. 

Wrast, Nlarie, viii. 254. 

Wraxall, Peter, v. 23. 

Wrecks, permit to visit, 1687, vii. 188. 

Wren, Bishop, viii. 317; x. 148. 

Wrentham, iv. 290. 

Wright, Jacob, ii. 279. 

Wright, Widow, ii. 295. 

Wright, Nathaniel, iii. 326. 

Wright, Hezekiah, vi. 145. 
\\ right, Cant., vi 

it, Robert, viii. 2 
W right, John, mil :;ii 
W right, Capt. George, ix. 280. 
\\ unnashoatuckooga, i\. 300. 
Wunnawmeneeakat, carries i preaenl to 

< > 1 1 U 1 1 s , i. 71. 
Wuasoonkmiasein, ix. 272, 273. 
Wuttackquiackommin, ■ valiant Pequot 

Indian, i llil . 

Wuttouwuttaurum, ix. 272. 

\\ \ ;n id, i in h, Indian aachem, sells an island 

to Lion Gardiner, \. 178- ltf3. 
\V\ai, Lieut., vi. 250. 
\\ \ Ide, George, viii. 263. 

Wyler, Lieut., \i. 259. 
Wylie. John, viii. 263; X. 129. 
\\ \ man, John, i. 45. 

Wynthropp. See Wiuthrop, viii. 269. 


Xamuscado, Francisco, viii. 122. 


Yale, , x. 33, 37, 79. 

Yankee, origin of the name, ix. 193. 

Yarmouth Church, iv. 43. 

Yates, J. V. N., i. 292. 

Yates, Abraham, Jr., v. 81. 

Yates, William, viii. 266. 

Yong, , x. 13. 

York, attacked bv Indians, vi. 227, 228, 
241,250; viii. 168 - 171. 

Yotaash, i. 162. Seizes several Pequots, 

Youghiogany, v. 102, 108. 

Young, 8ir John, iii. 326. 

Young, Rev. Alexander, iii. 405; v. 300; 
vi.296; vii.293,294,295. His "Chron- 
icles of the Pilgrims " referred to, ix. 43- 

Young, Alexander, vii. 12. 

Young, Capt. Joseph, viii. 271. 

Younge, Capt , x. !»2. 

Younglove, Samuel, viii. 272. 

Younglove, Margaret, ib. 


Zachary, Elizabeth, i. 
Zeisbereer, Rev. 



Zeni, Nicholas, iii. 359. 
Zeni, Antonio, ib. 

Zephaniah, Old, an aged Indian at Mash- 
pee, i. 151. 

Zorzy, , i. 83. 

Zotto, or Soto, , iii. 52. 




John Davis, 

Thomas L. Winthrop, 

James Savage, 


Standing Committee. 

Thomas L. Winthrop, 1835. 

James Freeman, 1826. 

John Pierce, 1834. 

William Tudor, 1824. 

Francis C. Gray, 1836. 

Nathan Hale, 1824-1835. 

James Bowdoin, 1826 - 1833. 

Jared Sparks, 1833 - 1838. 

James T. Austin, 1834 - 1838. 

James Savage, ' 1835-1841. 

Nathan A ppleton, 1835 - 1835. 

Con vers Francis, 1835. 

John Davis, 1836-1838. 

Alexander Young, 1838. 

Joseph B. Felt, 1838 - 1839. 

Samuel P. Gardner, 1838-1842. 

George Ticknor, 1839. 

Joseph Willard, 1841. 

Francis C. Gray, 1842. 


James Savage, 1839. 

Nahum Mitchell, 1839-1845. 

Peleg W. Chandler, 1845 - 1847. 
Richard Frothingham, Jr., 1847. 

Recording Secretaries. 

Charles Lowell, 
Gamaliel Bradford, 
Joseph Willard, 



Assistant Treasurer. 

Peleg W. Chandler, 

1844 - 1845. 

Corresponding Secretaries. 

Abiel Holmes, 
Charles Lowell, 
Alexander Young, 

1833 - 1849, 

William Jenks, 
James Bowdoin, 
Joseph Willard, 
Nahum Mitchell, 
Joseph B. Felt, 
Thaddeus M. Harris, 
Joseph B. Felt, 

1833 ■ 


Assistant Librarians. 

Corresponding Secretary pro tern. 
Thaddeus M. Harris, 1837 - 1840. 

Thaddeus M. Harris, 
Lucius R. Paige, 



Redford Webster, 
Isaac P. Davis, 





Committees of Publication. 

Third Series. 

1st Volume. 

William Jenks, 
Charles Lowell, 
James Savage, 
William J. Spooner. 

2d Volume. 

John Pickering, 
James Bowdoin, 
Benjamin R. Nichols 
James C. Merrill. 

3d Volume. 

James Bowdoin, 
Charles Lowell, 
Convers Francis, 
Joseph Willard. 

Resident Members. 


Atli Volume. 

James Bowdoin, 
Charlos Lowell, 
Convera Francis, 

Joseph Willard. 

bth Volurm , 

Joseph E. Worcester, 
Joseph B. Felt, 
A lexander Young, 
Convers Francis. 

Bth Volume. 

Alexander Young, 
Joseph B. Felt, 
Lemuel Sbattnck, 
Samuel Sewall. 

"th Volume. 

Thaddeus M. Harris, 
Convers Francis, 
Joseph B. Feltj 
Nathaniel G. Snelling 

Sth Volume. 

Francis C. Gray, 
William H. Prescott, 
Joseph B. Felt, 
Alexander Young. 

9th I ■ 

Francis < ' < Sray, 
Robert C. \\ intbrop, 
A I \ .in Lamson, 
( Ibarles F. Adams. 

li)/// Volume. 

Francis 1 !. 1 frai , 
Robert C. Winthrop, 
Charles F. Adams, 
N atbaniel L. Frothingham. 

To prepart the Index. 

Caleb Snow, vice Spooner, 

William Gibbs, " Bowdoin, 

William Lincoln, '■ Snow, 

Oliver W. B. Peabody, " Nichols, 

Solomon Lincoln, " Gibbs, 

Charles F. Adams, " W. Lincoln. 

Fourth SsRiEf 

1st Volume. 

W 7 illiam Jenks, 
George Ticknor, 
Alexander Young, 
Nathaniel B. ShurtlefF. 



Hon. Josiah Quincy, LL. D. 
Hon. James Savage, LL. D. 
Rev. Charles Lowell, S. T. D. 
Hon. Francis C. Gray, LL. D. 
Hon. Nahum Mitchell, A. M. 
Hon. Nathan Hale, 
Hon. Edward Everett, LL. D. 
Hon. James C. Merrill, A. M. 
Rev. William Jenks, S. T. D. 
Hon. Daniel Webster, LL. D. 
Rev. John G. Palfrey, S. T. D. 
Hon. Jared Sparks, LL. D. 
Joseph E. Worcester, LL. D. 
Joseph Willard, LL. B. 
Lemuel Shattuck, Esq. 
Isaac P. Davis, Esq. 
Rev. Joseph B. Felt, A. M. 

Hon. Lemuel Shaw, LL. D. 
Hon. James T. Austin, LL. D. 
Rev. Convers Francis, S. T. D. 
Hon. John W T elles, A. M. 
Rev. Charles W. Upham, A. M. 
George Ticknor, A. M. 
Hon. George Bancroft, LL. D. 
Hon. Nathan Appleton, A. M. 
Hon. Rufus Choate, LL. D. 
Hon. John G. King, A. M. 
Rev. Alexander Young, 8. T. D. 
Hon. Daniel A. White, LL. D. 
William Gibbs, Esq. 
Josiah Bartlett, M. D. 
Hon. Simon (ireenleaf, LL. D. 
William H. Prescott, LL. D. 
Hon. Robert C. Winthrop, LL. I 


Officers of the Society. 

Rev. Alvan Lamson, S. T. D. 

Hon. Charles Francis Adams, A. M. 

Hon. Samuel Hoar, LL. D. 

Rev. William P. Lunt, A. M. 

Rev. George E. Ellis, A. M. 

Hon. John C. Gray, A. M. 

Rev. Nathaniel L. Frothingham, S. T. D. 

George S. Hillard, A. M. 

Hon. William Minot, A. M. 

Peleg W. Chandler, A. M. 

Rev. George W. Blagden, S. T. D. 

Hon. Solomon Lincoln, A. M. 
Rev. Chandler Robbins, A. M. 
Francis Bowen, A. M. 
Rev. John Langdon Sibley, A. B. 
Richard Frothingham, Jr., Esq. 
Nathaniel B. Shurtleff, M. D. 
Henry Wheatland, M. D. 
Thaddeus W. Harris, M. D. 
Rev. William Ives Budington, A. M. 
Hon. David Sears, A. M. 
Sylvester Judd, Esq. 
Thomas H. Webb, M. D. 




ELECTED APRIL 26, 1849. 


Recording Secretary. 

Corresponding Secretary. 




Standing Committee.